“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Vancouver in Clark County, Washington — The American West (Northwest)

United States Army Arrives

United States Army Arrives Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Kevin W., June 12, 2008
1. United States Army Arrives Marker
Inscription. On May 13, 1849, the United States steamer Massachusetts arrived off the Hudson's Bay Company wharf and unloaded Batteries L and M of the First Regiment of United States Artillery. The first permanent official American presence in the Pacific Northwest had arrived!

The Army quickly rented buildings from the Hudson's Bay Company and constructed quarters on top of the hillside to the north. As the Army's role grew, the available facilities proved inadequate for its needs.

Over the objections of the Company, the Army constructed a new wharf in 1857 and a large warehouse in 1859 here on the riverfront. Between the mid-1850s and 1866, the Army tore down and burned the old Company buildings.
Erected by Vancouver National Historic Reserve.
Location. 45° 37.232′ N, 122° 40.216′ W. Marker is in Vancouver, Washington, in Clark County. Marker is on SE Columbia Way. Click for map. Marker is in Old Apple Tree Park. Marker is at or near this postal address: 112 Columbia Way, Vancouver WA 98661, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A Busy Place Is This (within shouting distance of this marker); Heart of a Trading Empire (about 300 feet
United States Army Arrives Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Kevin W., June 12, 2008
2. United States Army Arrives Marker
away, measured in a direct line); A River of Settlers (about 600 feet away); Captain George Vancouver Monument (approx. 0.2 miles away); Captain George Vancouver Monument Plaza (approx. 0.2 miles away); Esther Short (approx. 0.4 miles away); St. James Mission (approx. 0.4 miles away); The Red Cross Convalescent House (approx. 0.4 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Vancouver.
More about this marker. The background picture is an "1874 painting of the US Army wharf by Brevet Major General Alfred Sully," provided for the marker courtesy of the Oregon Historical Society.

In the upper right is a portrait of Rufus Ingalls. "The early Army post owed much of its original design to quartermaster Rufus Ingalls. His responsibility was to oversee construction of the facilities at what would later become Vancouver Barracks."

Also in the upper right of the marker is a picture of the "U.S.S. Massachusetts, a steam assisted, 750-ton bark." It "carried the first US Army troops to Fort Vancouver. The ship remained on the Pacific Coast and later transported
United States Army Arrives Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Kevin W., June 12, 2008
3. United States Army Arrives Marker
The Interstate 5 bridge over the Columbia River from Vancouver, Washington to Portland, Oregon can be seen in the background.
US soldiers to San Juan Island during the Pig War, the 1859 border dispute between the United States and Great Britain." The picture is provide for the marker courtesy of the Naval Historical Foundation.

The Vancouver National Historic Reserve is a partnership of the National Park service, the City of Vancouver, the U. S. Army, and the State of Washington and is dedicated to the preservation, education and public use of these historic properties. This exhibit is funded by the National Park Service's Fee Demonstration Program.
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Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia. This page has been viewed 938 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on , by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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