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Amelia County Virginia – Historical Markers

Lee's Retreat Marker image, Click for more information
By Bernard Fisher, May 10, 2009
Lee's Retreat Marker
Virginia (Amelia County), Amelia Court House — Amelia Court HouseLee's Retreat — April 4-5, 1865
General Lee ordered all columns of his army from the Richmond and Petersburg trenches to rendezvous at this village on the Richmond & Danville Railroad. Here he hoped to obtain rations before continuing the march to North Carolina to join General . . . — Map (db m18871) HM
Virginia (Amelia County), Amelia Court House — John Banister Tabb
Patriot Father John Bannister Tabb was born in Amelia County in 1845 at “The Forest”, the Tabb family plantation. A member of one of wealthiest families in Virginia, he was carefully schooled by private tutors until the age of . . . — Map (db m35959) HM
Virginia (Amelia County), Amelia Court House — Lamkin’s Battery
This mortar belonged to the battery cammanded by Captain J.N. Lamkin. On July 30, 1864, at the “Crater”, the battery helped check the Union advance until Mahone came up. Four mortars were captured near Flat Creek in Lee’s Retreat, April . . . — Map (db m18873) HM
Virginia (Amelia County), Amelia Court House — M 11 — Lee's Retreat
Lee's army, retreating toward Danville, reached this place, April 4-5, 1865, only to find that the supplies ordered here had gone on to Richmond. The famished soldiers were forced to halt to forage. The result was that Lee, when he resumed the march . . . — Map (db m18874) HM
Virginia (Amelia County), Amelia Court House — M 28 — Marion Harland(12 Dec. 1830-3 June, 1922)
Born Mary Virginia Hawes at Dennisville about eight miles south, Harland was a prolific author, producing a syndicated newspaper column for women, many short stories, 25 novels, 25 volumes on domestic life, and 12 books on travel, biography, and . . . — Map (db m19029) HM
Virginia (Amelia County), Amelia Court House — 10 — Mrs. Samantha Jane NeilAmelia Court House, Virginia — Amelia County
Amelia County is largely indebted to one woman for bringing formal education and religion to African Americans after the Civil War. In 1865 Mrs. Samantha Jane Neil left her home in Pennsylvania to search for her husband’s body. He had been a . . . — Map (db m20239) HM
Virginia (Amelia County), Amelia Court House — 9 — Russell Grove Presbyterian Church and SchoolAmelia Court House, Virginia — Amelia County
Russell Grove Presbyterian Church and the Russell Grove School were established as a result of the efforts of Mrs. Samantha Jane Neil, a Presbyterian missionary and teacher of African-American children after the Civil War. At first the school . . . — Map (db m28927) HM
Virginia (Amelia County), Amelia Court House — M 31 — William Branch Giles
Noted lawyer and statesman William Branch Giles was born 12 Aug. 1762 in Amelia County and educated at Hampden-Sydney College, Princeton, and the College of William and Mary. Giles served Virginia in the United States House of Representatives . . . — Map (db m19039) HM
Virginia (Amelia County), Jetersville — Stop 7 — Amelia SpringsLee's Retreat — April 6, 1865
A portion of the Union army encountered Lee’s rearguard as the Southerners completed their night march around Grant's troops. This was also the scene of an April 5 engagement as Union cavalry returned from destroying a Confederate wagon train at . . . — Map (db m28833) HM
Virginia (Amelia County), Jetersville — Amelia SpringsTwo Days of Action — Lee's Retreat
Union cavalry under Gen. Henry E. Davies, Jr. left Gen. Philip H. Sheridan’s column near Jetersville on April 5, 1865, on a reconnaissance mission against the Army of Northern Virginia. Davies swept by here, rode through Paineville, and four Miles . . . — Map (db m28834) HM
Virginia (Amelia County), Jetersville — M-26 — Battle of Sailors (Sayler's) Creek
[Obverse]: This is the Hillsman House, used by the Unionists as a hospital in the engagement of April 6, 1865. From the west side of the creek the Confederates charged and broke through the Union infantry, but were stopped by the batteries . . . — Map (db m8284) HM
Virginia (Amelia County), Jetersville — Stop 8 — DeatonvilleLee's Retreat — April 6, 1865
During this day, the entire Confederate line would march west on the Rice-Deatonville Road toward Farmville. Constantly pressing Lee's rearguard, Union troops would fight a brief action at every turn. These delays would eventually lead to the Battle . . . — Map (db m28836) HM
Virginia (Amelia County), Jetersville — Hillsman HouseLee’s Retreat — April 6, 1865
Union forces assembled along this ridge while Confederate troops prepared on the opposite slope. Federal forces crossed Little Sailor’s Creek for a fierce battle which compelled many Southerners to surrender. The house served as a hospital for both . . . — Map (db m11795) HM
Virginia (Amelia County), Jetersville — Holt’s CornerLee’s Retreat — April 6, 1865
While passing through this intersection, the Confederate column was attacked by Union cavalry. Consequently, part of Lee’s army, and the main wagon train, turned north onto the Jamestown Road while the main portion continued straight ahead to Rice’s . . . — Map (db m11799) HM
Virginia (Amelia County), Jetersville — Stop 6 — JetersvilleLee's Retreat — April 5, 1865
Lee found Union cavalry and infantry across his line of retreat at this station on the Richmond and Danville Railroad. Rather than attacking the entrenched Federals, he chose to change direction and begin a night march toward Farmville where rations . . . — Map (db m18886) HM
Virginia (Amelia County), Jetersville — M 14 — Lee's Retreat
Sheridan reached here on April 4, 1865 with cavalry and the Fifth Corps, and entrenched. He was thus squarely across Lee's line of retreat to Danville. On April 5, Grant and Meade arrived from the east with the Second Corps and the Sixth Corps. — Map (db m10217) HM
Virginia (Amelia County), Jetersville — M 19 — Lee's Retreat
Three miles north is Amelia Springs, once a noted summer resort. There Lee, checked by Sheridan at Jetersville and forced to detour, spent the night of April 5-6, 1865. — Map (db m10219) HM
Virginia (Amelia County), Jetersville — M 12 — Lee's Retreat
Near here Lee, moving south toward Danville, in the afternoon of April 5, 1865 found the road blocked by Sheridan. He then turned westward by way of Amelia Springs, hoping to reach the Southside (Norfolk and Western) Railroad. — Map (db m86137) HM
Virginia (Amelia County), Jetersville — M 13 — Lee's Retreat
After evacuating Petersburg and Richmond on 2-3 Apr. 1865, Gen. Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia retreated west to Amelia Court House to obtain supplies and then turn south to North Carolina. On 6 Apr., however, when Maj. Gen. Philip H. . . . — Map (db m86138) HM
Virginia (Amelia County), Jetersville — M 15 — Lee's Retreat
From here Union cavalry moved north on April 5, 1865 to ascertain Lee's whereabouts. On the morning of April 6, the Second, Fifth and Sixth corps of Grant's army advanced from Jetersville toward Amelia Courthouse to attack Lee. — Map (db m86139) HM
Virginia (Amelia County), Jetersville — Z 284 — Nottoway County / Amelia County
(Front): Nottoway County Area 310 Square Miles Formed in 1788 from Amelia, and named for an Indian tribe. Tarleton passed through this county in 1781. Here lived William Hodges Mann, Governor of Virginia 1910-14. (Reverse) Formed in 1734 . . . — Map (db m10220) HM
Virginia (Amelia County), Jetersville — Z 48 — Nottoway County / Amelia County
(Obverse) Nottoway County Area 310 Square Miles Formed in 1788 from Amelia, and named for an Indian tribe. Tarleton passed through this county in 1781. Here lived William Hodges Mann, Governor of Virginia 1910-14. . . . — Map (db m18925) HM
Virginia (Amelia County), Jetersville — Overton / Hillsman HouseWar's Horror Knocks at the Door
As night began to fall here on, April 6, 1865, the hard fought battles of Little Sailor's Creek and the crossroads near the Marshall Farm draw to a close. Federal surgeons work by the little natural light that's still available. They are inside the . . . — Map (db m10274) HM
Virginia (Amelia County), Jetersville — W. R. Turner Memorial Trek
Erected in memory of W. R. Turner, historian of Blackstone, Virginia, for his work to preserve the historic battlefields and routes of General Robert E. Lee’s retreat Centennial Year 1961 Piedmont Area Explorer Scouts B.S.A. Erected by . . . — Map (db m11800) HM
Virginia (Amelia County), Mannboro — OL 10 — Lee’s Retreat
Here Custer, commanding advance guard of an Army of the Potomac, struck and drove back Fitz Lee, left flank guard of Army of Northern Virginia, April 3, 1865. — Map (db m6156) HM
Virginia (Amelia County), Mannboro — Namozine ChurchPursuit Cathces Up — Lee’s Retreat
When Gen. Robert E. Lee evacuated the Army of Northern Virginia from Petersburg and Richmond on April 2-3, 1865, he ordered the army’s wings to unite at Amelia Court House, where trains would meet them with food and other supplies. The army would . . . — Map (db m6049) HM
Virginia (Amelia County), Mannboro — Namozine ChurchLee's Retreat
April 3, 1865 As Lee's men continued their morning march toward Ameila Court House, cavalries skirmished around this church. Forced to withdraw, the armies continued a running battle that ended near Deep Creek. Namozine Church also served as a . . . — Map (db m6071) HM
Virginia (Amelia County), Rice — Assaulting the Confederate Battle Line — Sailor's Creek Battlefield Historical State Park
"The men pressed forward, holding their fire with wonderful self control till they were in plain site of the enemy almost face to face." As the Federal troops realigned themselves after the creek crossing, and because of the shorter . . . — Map (db m54473) HM
Virginia (Amelia County), Rice — Crossing Little Sailor's CreekThe Federal Army's Attack, 6:00 p.m. April 6, 1865 — Sailor's Creek Battlefield Historical State Park
"We found a stream of muddy water a dozen feet wide..." “The colonel’s clear voice sounded ‘ATTENTION’....Descending the hill; ‘Prepare to cross a marsh!’ was passed along the line....Three or four minutes later we found ourselves . . . — Map (db m54474) HM
Virginia (Amelia County), Rice — The Final Clash: With Fate Against Them — Sailor's Creek Battlefield State Park
"There goes a chivalrous fellow. Let's give him three cheers." Near this site were positioned Confederate forces commanded by General Joseph B. Kershaw. They were mainly from Mississippi and Georgia and were slightly dug in behind . . . — Map (db m54471) HM
Virginia (Amelia County), Rice — Victory or DeathThe Last Stand of the Savannah Volunteer Guard — Sailor's Creek Battlefield Historical State Park
The 18th Georgia Battalion, acting as a heavy artillery unit was originally formed in 1802 and served at the coastal defenses around Charleston, South Carolina. Moved to Virginia in May of 1864, it guarded the Richmond & Danville Railroad Bridge . . . — Map (db m54475) HM

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