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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
 
 

Baltimore County Maryland Historical Markers

 
A Walk Through Time image, Click for more information
By F. Robby, July 1, 2008
A Walk Through Time
Maryland (Baltimore County), Avalon — A Place For Progress
"Along this section of the valley, where once the vibrant hum of a thriving industry could be heard... now the silence of the tomb prevails. The gods of progress direct its movements in mysterious ways." - L.S. LeRendu, W.J. Dickey & Sons . . . — Map (db m8838) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Avalon — Drinking Water for the Public
Demands for cleaner drinking water in Baltimore City and County compelled Catonsville banker and philanthropist Victor G. Bloede to organize and Baltimore County Water & Electric Company in 1909. In 1910, Bloede's company purchased the . . . — Map (db m8843) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Avalon — Elkridge Landing
Though now heavily silted, the Patapsco River was once navigable to this point, and Elkridge Landing, just downstream, was an important colonial port, rivaling old Annapolis. Here hogsheads of tobacco from nearby plantations were rolled to waiting . . . — Map (db m8832) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Avalon — Forging Freedom and Nails
Dorsey's Forge (1761-1815): "At that time there were two Negroes belonging to Edward H. Dorsey, a Negro man called Prince, who was a forgeman, and a Negro man called Sam who was a striker in a Blacksmith shop." - Maryland Chancery . . . — Map (db m8842) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Avalon — Iron Builds America
When European settlers discovered the Patapsco Valley, they found a source of untamed beauty rich in resources. Susquehannock and Pscataway Indians hunted and fished the valley full of elk, black bear, bison, gray wolves and deer. The white settlers . . . — Map (db m8840) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Avalon — Powering the Patapso Valley's Industries
This inconspicuous ditch is a remnant of the Avalon millrace. Originally dug in the 1700s, it supplied water from the Patapsco River to Dorsey's Forge. The millrace later served the Avalon Iron & Nail Works and the Baltimore County Water & Electric . . . — Map (db m8841) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Avalon — The Baltimore County Water and Electric Company
The basin in front of you and the house beside you are remnants of the Baltimore County Water and Electric Company that operated here from 1910 to 1922. the company, founded by Victor G. Bloede, supplied pressurized water to parts of Baltimore city, . . . — Map (db m8844) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Avalon — The C.C.C. Builds Our ParkThe Civilian Conservation Corps Legacy
"There is much to be discovered < indistinguishable > way of beautiful scenery inaccessible on account of lack of trails and < indistinquishable > time this parkwill be one of the nicest in this part of the county." - Tell W. Nicolet, . . . — Map (db m8845) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Baldwin — “Quinn”
500 acre grant in 1704 to Thomas MacNemara. Later called “Sweet Air.” Charles and Daniel Carroll, MacNemara’s kinsmen, acquired the property and sold it in 1751 to Roger Boyce, who built the present house. It was purchased in 1785 for . . . — Map (db m2052) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Baldwin — “The Eagle’s Nest”
Part of the Valley of Jehosaphat, now Dulaney Valley, patented August 10, 1684. Walter Dulaney acquired half, 1747, and remainder, 1767. His lands were confiscated and sold at the end of the Revolutionary War. Thomas Marsh obtained “The . . . — Map (db m2081) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Baldwin — Gunpowder ManorLong Green Valley
In this valley 7031 acres laid out, 1683, for Charles, Third Lord Baltimore. Opened to settlers, 1721 by Charles, Fifth Lord Baltimore. Frederick, Sixth Lord Baltimore, ordered manor sold, 1766. Land remaining 1782 seized and sold as confiscated . . . — Map (db m1930) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Baltimore — Water Power: Baltimore's Economic EngineJones Falls Trail and the Seven Foot Knoll Lighthouse
The best-known and least-appreciated fresh waterway in Baltimore, the Jones Falls River is an important tributary of the Chesapeake Watershed, and the largest of several waterways that empty into Baltimore Harbor. From the time of the first colonial . . . — Map (db m60943) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Brooklandville — Rockland
The first inhabitant of this village, dating back to 1706, was Richard Gist, father of the Revolutionary War hero, Mordecai Gist. The industrial development of the Jones Falls Turnpike Road, circa 1806, and later by the Baltimore and Susquehanna . . . — Map (db m2272) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Catonsville — 6-Mile Marker on the National Road1787
This 6-miles-to-Baltimore marker was welcomed by thousands on horseback, in stagecoaches and wagons, who traveled this Frederick Turnpike. Some headed west to settle in the Ohio Valley, along with merchants selling their wares, while millers with . . . — Map (db m39347) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Catonsville — Baltimore Regional TrailA House Divided
During the Civil War, Baltimore and its environs exemplified the divided loyalties of Maryland’s residents. The city had commercial ties to the South as well as the North, and its secessionist sympathies erupted in violence on April 19, 1861, when . . . — Map (db m71334) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Catonsville — Benjamin Banneker(1731–1806)
The self-educated Negro mathematician and astronomer was born, lived his entire life and died near here. He assisted in surveying the District of Columbia, 1791, and published the first Maryland Almanac, 1792. Thomas Jefferson recognized his . . . — Map (db m5407) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Catonsville — Bringing Trade to Baltimore
"Make easy the way for them and then see what an influx of articles will be poured upon us." - George Washington, 1786 You are standing on the original roadbed of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, North America's first common-carrier . . . — Map (db m8874) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Catonsville — Building America's First Railroad
"There was a man killed yesterday by a fall from the centre of the 1st arch [of the Thomas Viaduct]... What a sympathy there is between these rough men. It was affecting to see his fellow laborers dressed in their best, going in a body to escort . . . — Map (db m8872) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Catonsville — Castle Thunder
A gift from Charles Carroll of Carrollton, Castle Thunder, the home of Richard and Mary Carroll Caton, stood on this site from 1787 to 1906. The 7-mile Frederick Turnpike stone marker of 1804 was moved here from its original position 3/10 mile . . . — Map (db m4910) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Catonsville — CatonsvilleA Turnpike Town
This 1877 “Plan of Catonsville” lays outs all the possibilities of an energetic and emerging suburb of Baltimore, only eight miles, or a one-day carriage ride, to the east. The centerpiece of the town is the Frederick Turnpike, part of . . . — Map (db m5500) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Catonsville — CatonsvilleFrom Stagecoaches to Horseless Carriages
The reign of stagecoaches and Conestoga Wagons on the Baltimore and Frederick-Town Turnpike only lasted seventy years. Omnibuses, attached to teams of four horses, began rolling out from Baltimore to Catonsville in 1862. The Catonsville Short . . . — Map (db m5536) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Catonsville — OellaConquering the “Nine Mile Hill"
The Ellicott brothers constructed what became the first leg of the Baltimore and Frederick-Town Turnpike to get their flour to market in Baltimore. By 1787, they cut a new road east through the forests to shorten the trip to the city. This route . . . — Map (db m5741) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Catonsville — Old Salem Church and GraveyardNational Register of Historic Places — United States Department of the Interior
Salemsgemeinde, the German Evangelical Lutheran Salem Congregation, was founded September 30, 1849 by German immigrants, many from Bavaria. The congregation dedicated this Gothic Revival style church June 16, 1850. That year the congregation built a . . . — Map (db m83006) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Catonsville — Patapsco Superlative:"The Premiere Flour"
"Any Monday morning one could hear the beginnings of the stir of activity as the heavy machinery in the mill started to move, gather speed and settle into a steady rythmic rumble which was maintained at the same rate day and night until five . . . — Map (db m8871) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Catonsville — Rolling Road
A colonial road built for the purpose of rolling hogsheads of tobacco from the plantations to Elk Ridge Landing for shipment to England. — Map (db m2131) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Catonsville — The Changing River Valley
Over the last 300 years, the now tranquil Patapsco Valley has seen dramatic changes. During the industrial revolution, resource-hungry industries stripped trees from the hillsides to make charcoal. Every household needed wood as its . . . — Map (db m8875) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Catonsville — The Destructive Power of the Patapsco
"[Rainfall] nearly all night with a violent gale of wind. This morning the river begins to rise. The rain pours down furiously all day. The river in a freshet, rising all the time... At night the waters very high, threatening mischief to our . . . — Map (db m8870) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Catonsville — The River Makes ElectricityBloede Dame
The Patapsco Electric & Manufacturing Company, organized by Victor Gustav Bloede, harnessed the river's waterpower to generate electricity. Completed in 1907, the Bloede Dam furnished electricity for Ellicott City, Catonsville, Carroll, Halethorpe, . . . — Map (db m8873) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Catonsville — The Streetcar Era in Catonsville1880-1963
For over 100 years, streetcars graced the streets of Baltimore and the heavily traveled #8 line to Catonsville was one of the most popular. This line swung north from Frederick Rd. and plunged into the woods for a brief run to its terminus at . . . — Map (db m5534) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Catonsville — This Memorial is Dedicated to all the Men and Women of the Catonsville area
. . . — Map (db m8609) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Cockeysville — Gilmor's RaidCapturing Cockeysville — Early's 1864 Attack on Washington
(preface) In June 1864, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee and Gen .Jubal A. Early’s corps from the Richmond battlefields to the Shenandoah Valley to counter Union Gen. David Hunter’s army. After driving Hunter into West Virginia, Early invaded . . . — Map (db m75286) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Cockeysville — Hayfields
Colonel Nicholas Merryman Bosley, builder, 1810, awarded silver tankard “by the hand of Lafayette” for best cultivated Maryland farm, 1824. Also home of John Merryman, early importer, 1848, of registered Hereford cattle, still, 1967, . . . — Map (db m2280) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Cockeysville — Lime Kiln
Lime Kilns in this area were built into hillsides for support. A fire was maintained at the bottom of the pit and crude lime from a nearby source was thrown on top of it. The heat from the fire would separate the pure powder form of the lime from . . . — Map (db m53201) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Cockeysville — North Central Railroad Trail
Completed in 1832, the North Central Railroad carried passengers and freight between Baltimore, York, and Harrisburg for 140 years. After the decline of the railroad, the railroad bed was converted to a rail trail in 1984. Today the Maryland portion . . . — Map (db m53200) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Cockeysville — Phoenix
Phoenix, one of the many mill towns of the 1800s in Baltimore County, survives today as a secluded little village beside the Gunpowder River and the Northern Central Railroad 15 miles north of Baltimore. Today's Phoenix, with its big Victorian . . . — Map (db m53202) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Cockeysville — Third and Last County Almshouse
Building constructed and furnished at cost of $60,000 from proceeds of sale of old Almshouse property under authority of County Commissioners granted by Acts of Maryland General Assembly, April 1, 1872. Site purchased from John Galoway. Structure . . . — Map (db m2300) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Dundalk — Aquila Randall Monument
SACRED to the memory of Aquila Randall, who died in bravely defending his Country and his Home, on the memorable 12th of September, 1814. Aged 24 years. In the skirmish which occurred at this spot between the . . . — Map (db m24034) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Dundalk — At Patapsco NeckStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
The narrow land shaped by Bear Creek, Bread and Cheese Creek, and Back River was the site of the Battle of North Point, September 12, 1814. Some 3,200 Americans clashed with 4,500 British to delay the advance on Baltimore.

When Britain . . . — Map (db m79747) WM

Maryland (Baltimore County), Dundalk — Battle AcreSeptember 12, 1814
Here General Stricker’s City Brigade inflicted severe losses upon the main body of the British Army. This spirited defense together with that of Fort McHenry the next night saved Baltimore. — Map (db m2118) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Dundalk — Battle Ground Methodist Episcopal Church
Erected by the Patriotic Order Sons of America of Maryland, In the year of the National Star-Spangled Banner Centennial 1914. This building, known as the Battle Ground Methodist Episcopal Church, was occupied by General Stricker, . . . — Map (db m40188) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Dundalk — Battle of North Point1814
Who Dies for Country, doth not yield To death’s uncompromising sway He soars Immortal from the field And dwells untouched by time’s decay               Wm. M. Marine This one-acre of the North Point Battlefield was set aside . . . — Map (db m2136) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Dundalk — Camp Holabird
Named for Quartermaster General Samuel B. Holabird (1826-1907) and established in 1917 as the Army's first motor transport training center and depot. Supplied World War I American Expeditionary Forces in France with Detroit-made vehicles. Trained . . . — Map (db m40189) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Dundalk — Commodore Joshua Barney1759–1818
Born in Baltimore, Barney at an early age moved with his family to a nearby farm on Bear Creek in the Patapsco Neck section of the County. When only 12 he went to sea. In the War for Independence he was commissioned a 2nd Lieutenant on the . . . — Map (db m2120) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Dundalk — Defenders HonoredStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
The excitement was palpable as crowds gathered here September 12, 1839, to mark the 25th anniversary of the Battle of North Point. Officials laid the cornerstone for a memorial to the citizens-soldiers who defended Baltimore against British attack . . . — Map (db m79749) WM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Dundalk — Delay TacticStar Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
In preparation for a probable British landing at North Point, defensive earthworks were partially dug at a narrows in the Patapsco Peninsula three miles south of here. Midway between North Point and the American defenses at Baltimore, British forces . . . — Map (db m88795) WM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Dundalk — Dundalk, MarylandFounded 1894
Approximately 200 yards northwest of this spot an iron foundry, owned by William McShane, was built in 1894. When asked to give a name to the railroad depot serving his new foundry, he chose “Dundalk” in honor of the birthplace of his . . . — Map (db m2126) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Dundalk — Francis Scott Key Memorial Bridge
To the northwest, across the Patapsco, is Fort McHenry, which British Naval Forces bombarded September 13-14, 1814. Detained on a cartel boat, Francis Scott Key waw through a spyglass that the star-spangled banner yet waved in the dawn’s early light . . . — Map (db m2128) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Dundalk — General Robert Ross
At this spot, on September 12, 1814, General Robert Ross died. He had been mortally wounded in conflict approximately 1-1/2 miles northwest of here, at the present site of the Aquila Randall monument, and carried by stretcher to this point. He was . . . — Map (db m21373) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Dundalk — Hitting HomeStar Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
People living in the path of the British army as it marched toward Baltimore in September 1814 feared the worst. Some hurriedly hid valuables; others packed what they could and fled. Residents who remained faced the enemy with courage.

The . . . — Map (db m83039) HM

Maryland (Baltimore County), Dundalk — Logan Field
First commercial aviation facility in Maryland. Veteran World War I pilots formed club and opened Dundalk Flying Field in 1919. Renamed to honor stunt p1lot Lt. Patrick Logan, who was killed in crash during club's first major air meet. Became . . . — Map (db m4338) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Dundalk — North Point Battlefield
Where on September 12, 1814 the defenders of Baltimore under General John Stricker met the advancing British Army of 7000 under General Robert Rose, who was killed early in the engagement. — Map (db m2119) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Dundalk — Proud of Our StandStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
In 1814 Baltimore's defenders watched about 4,500 British troops march from North Point toward the city. Roughly 3,200 Americans, led by Brigadier General John Stricker, were sent to impede the advance. He positioned his men across a road at a . . . — Map (db m68528) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Dundalk — Proud of Our StandStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
In 1814 Baltimore's defenders watched about 4,500 British troops march from North Point toward the city. Roughly 3,200 Americans, led by Brigadier General John Stricker, were sent to impede the advance. He positioned his men across a road at a . . . — Map (db m79757) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Dundalk — Squeeze TacticStar Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
After an impressive victory at Washington, the British targeted Baltimore, the third largest city in the nation with a population of more than 40,000. Troops landed at North Point September 12, 1814, and began marching north to attack the city from . . . — Map (db m83037) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Dundalk — The Conflict upon this Battle FieldWar of 1812
The conflict upon the Battle Field on September 12, which was followed on the 13 and 14 by the unsuccessful bombardment of Fort McHenry by the British Fleet under Admiral Sir Alexander Cochrane, Commander-in-Chief of all the invading forces was the . . . — Map (db m79881) WM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Dundalk — To Honor the HeroesStar Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
Baltimore successfully resisted the British assault in September 1814, thanks to thousands of determined volunteer citizen-soldiers. The following year a grateful city laid the cornerstone for the Battle Monument in downtown Baltimore, the first War . . . — Map (db m83041) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Dundalk — Witness to BattleStar Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
The Methodist Meeting House that stood near this site saw action September 11-12, 1814. Brigadier General John Stricker camped 3,200 troops here to await the enemy’s advance. When the Americans withdrew, British soldiers camped on the same grounds. . . . — Map (db m83036) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Edgemere — About This Fountain...
This beautiful, ornamental water fountain was built in the early 1900s as part of the Bay Shore Amusement Park. Operating between 1906-1947, the park was located on approximately 20 acres of property in this area. The primary purpose of the fountain . . . — Map (db m49092) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Edgemere — North PointSeptember 12, 1814
Following a dawn landing at the tip of North Point, British Forces passed here en route to Baltimore. About four miles further on they encountered American skirmishers under Major Heath. — Map (db m2121) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Edgemere — Shaw Family Cemetery
Restored by the Dundalk-Patapsco Neck Historical Society and Museum, assisted by Beta Alpha Tau Honor Society-CCBC-Dundalk and B & B Welding Company. The Shaw residence, located 100 feet west, was used by the British officers as a staging . . . — Map (db m68529) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Edgemere — RM-1223 — Sparrows Point
Developed by the Pennsylvania Steel Company in 1887-91, the Sparrows Point Steel plant and shipyard were purchased by Bethlehem Steel in 1916, and grew to become the largest in the world. Vital supplier of steel and ships during both the World Wars. . . . — Map (db m95977) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Edgemere — The Presbytery of Baltimore
The Presbytery of Baltimore here commemorates the first regular services of the Presbyterian Church within its bounds. These were held by the Rev. Hugh Conn in the neighboring house of Thomas Todd in March 1714-15. — Map (db m68530) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Edgemere — The Rebirth of a Maryland Historical Treasure
Originally built in 1906 by the United Railways and Electric Company on this site, stood the once grand Bay Shore Park Restaurant. As the picture below captures the beauty of the former building's elaborate architecture complete with pergolas and . . . — Map (db m49090) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Edgemere — The Trolley Station at Bayshore Park1906-1947 — Trolleys Helped Build Our Parks
The #26 streetcar brought thousands of Baltimoreans to Bayshore Park. Trolleys provided a convenient way for people to travel and could be chartered for group outings. Many people spent their vacations trolleying, using trolley maps to see where . . . — Map (db m49089) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Elicott City — The George Ellicott House
This house was built in 1789 by George Ellicott, a Quaker, who was a miller, surveyor, merchant and astronomer. He was friend and advisor to America's first black man of science, Benjamin Banneker, who visited here. He also entertained Chief Little . . . — Map (db m193) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Ellicott City — Ellicott’s Mills
Established 1772 by the three Ellicott brothers from Bucks County, Pennsylvania. They opened the road from here to Baltimore. The B. and O. R. R. was completed to this point May 20, 1830. — Map (db m175) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Essex — Cox's Point ParkShoreline Forest Buffer
Shoreline forest buffers are important for healthy streams and rivers. Forest buffers along streams and shorelines filter pollutants to improve water quality.

An Ecosystem is a community of living and non-living things that are dependent on . . . — Map (db m62886) HM

Maryland (Baltimore County), Essex — The Fields at Renaissance ParkWater Quality Wet Pond — Hopkins Creek Watershed, Middle River
This water quality wet pond was constructed in 2006 to reduce pollution entering Hopkins Creek, Middle River, and the Chesapeake Bay. The pond filters the runoff draining from 124 acres of land including Stemmers Run Elementary School, the Middlesex . . . — Map (db m63279) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Fork — Fork United Methodist Church
Oldest Methodist Congregation in Maryland worshipping in its original location. Organized as Fork Meeting by Robert Strawbridge. Land near “The Forks of the Gunpowder” given in 1771 by James Baker, who converted to Methodism under the . . . — Map (db m1928) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Fort Howard — Battery Clagett
Completed in 1900, this battery contained two 3" rapid fire guns. Named in honor of Lieut. Levi Clagett, who was killed in the defense of Fort McHenry. — Map (db m68690) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Fort Howard — Battery Nicholson
Completed in 1900 and armed in 1902 with two 6" disappearing rifles. Named in honor of Judge Joseph H. Nicholson, Captain of Volunteer Artillery, in the defense of Fort McHenry, September 13 & 14, 1814. — Map (db m68692) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Fort Howard — Fort HowardThe Bulldog at Baltimore’s Gate
Fort Howard had its beginning when the U. S. Government began to purchase land for the post in 1896. Its location at the mouth of the Patapsco River, was excellent for its purpose, the defense of the City of Baltimore from naval attack. Until April . . . — Map (db m2124) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Fort Howard — Fort Howard
Built here in 1896 to defend Baltimore from possible naval attack. Named for Col. John Eager Howard, Revolutionary hero. Five coastal artillery batteries bore names of Col. Davis Harris; Francis Scott Key; Judge Joseph H. Nicholson; Brig. Gen. John . . . — Map (db m68401) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Fort Howard — North Point Beachhead
At 3 a.m. on September 12, 1814, British began landing troops and supplies here from ships anchored in Old Road Bay. By 6:30 a.m., columns formed on Long Log Lane (now Old North Point Road) when bugles sounded at 7 a.m., 4700 British soldiers, . . . — Map (db m2127) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Fort Howard — Power House
At one time, this building housed all of the generators and power distribution panels for the fort's gun emplacements. — Map (db m68696) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Fort Howard — Searchlight Power House
This building originally contained the electrical generating and power distribution equipment for the fort's searchlights, used for night illumination of the river. — Map (db m68694) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Fort Howard — The LandingStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
Transport ships carrying a British invasion force arrived in Old Road Bay, September 11, 1814. Before dawn the next day, troops were ferried to this landing site to begin the 15-mile march to Baltimore. Reinforced by navy warships, they expected . . . — Map (db m79775) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Fort Howard — Todd’s Inheritance(National Register of Historic Places)
Thomas Todd settled here from Gloucester County, Virginia, in 1664. Homestead has remained in Todd Family for more than three centuries. Farm once contained 1,700 acres. 17th Century brick house was burned by British Soldiers September 14, 1814, as . . . — Map (db m2123) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Fort Howard — Todd’s InheritanceCitizens in Harm’s Way
Todd’s Inheritance is a lasting symbol for Americans land especially Baltimoreans) who stood their ground when attacked by invading forces. Throughout the War of 1812, settlements around the Chesapeake Bay fell to British raiders who had superior . . . — Map (db m79874) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Franklinville — Franklinville
Manufacturing village started in 1827 on site of Isaiah Linton;s 1772 Jericho Lower Gristmill by Dean Walker and members of Shaw and Tiffany families. Town acquired in 1838 by James Mahool. The first cotton mill burned in 1881. Second cotton mill . . . — Map (db m53287) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Glen Arm — Gunpowder Copper Works1804 - 1883
Levi Hollingsworth built a mill here to roll and fabricate refined blocks of copper that were shipped to Baltimore from Wales and hauled to the mill by oxcart. The copper used for the roofing of the original dome of the Capitol was rolled and . . . — Map (db m21523) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Glen Arm — The Baltimore and Harford Turnpike Company
Authorized by the Maryland Legislature in 1816 to open a road from Baltimore City with two branches, one through “Belle Air” to the Susquehanna at Rock Run, and the other to Susquehanna Bridge at McCall’s Ferry, Pennsylvania. — Map (db m21524) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Glyndon — Emory Grove
Founded in 1868 for the purpose of promoting the cause of morality and religion by holding camp meetings under the auspices of the Methodist Episcopal Church. Incorporated 1871 and reincorporated 1884 under present name of the Emory Grove . . . — Map (db m2066) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Glyndon — Glyndon1871–1971
By 1860 the Western Maryland Railroad reached this site. In 1871 Dr. Charles A. Leas employed Augustus Bouldin, surveyor, to plan the town. The railroad and ideal climate encouraged the early development as a resort center with Victorian summer . . . — Map (db m2067) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Glyndon — Glyndon Station

The Western Maryland Rail Road Station at Glyndon was built in 1895 of Baltimore County white marble with a red tile roof. Destroyed by fire on December 24, 1903, the building was replaced in 1904 with the present brick structure. On June 7, . . . — Map (db m82281) HM

Maryland (Baltimore County), Gwynn Oak — Franklintown's Historic Roots
The Gwynns Falls Trail begins near Franklintown at the abrupt end of Interstate 70 and passes by two of the community's landmarks, a mill and an inn. The gristmill operated on Dead Run from 1761 to 1934. Franklintown Inn accommodated patrons of a . . . — Map (db m6332) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Hoffmanville — Hoffman Paper Mills
The first paper maker in Maryland was William Hoffman. In 1775 he built his first mill on Gunpowder Falls a quarter mile upstream from the present Hoffmanville Bridge. In September 1776 Congress adopted watermarked paper for its currency. . . . — Map (db m1871) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Hydes — St. John the Evangelist Catholic Church
First Roman Catholic Church in (present) Baltimore County founded in 1822. One and one half miles southeast of Sweet Air, one half mile northeast of Manor Road. Building destroyed by fire February 25, 1855. Parish relocated to present site. First . . . — Map (db m1929) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Kingsville — Ishmael Day’s House
When one of Harry Gilmor’s Confederate Cavalrymen (on July 11, 1864) pulled down his Union Flag, Day shot him and then escaped to the woods. They burned his house and barn. — Map (db m1927) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Kingsville — Saint John’s Parish(Gunpowder) — Established 1692
The old church here standing was built by Edward Day at his own expense and consecrated in 1817 to replace Saint John’s at Joppa Town which, built in 1725, lay in ruins. — Map (db m1921) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Kingsville — The Sweathouse Road
Called for a branch of that name on which Native Americans practiced a spiritual purification ceremony. Still done today, by generating steam from heated rocks in a sacred lodge while prayers are made. — Map (db m1923) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Lansdowne — Lansdowne Christian ChurchHull Memorial
This church is a monument to one Civil Wary veteran’s love for his comrades. Charles W. Hull and his wife, Mary A. Hull, gave the land and the building as a memorial to the men who fought to preserve the Union. The deed stipulated that a memorial . . . — Map (db m95823) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Long Green — Maj. Gen. Isaac Ridgeway Trimble, C.S.A.
Civil Engineer, graduated West Point 1822. Among engineer officers sent to assist railroad companies, surveyed first route of B&O, 1827. Resigned commission to pursue distinguished railroad career. Enlisted in Confederate Army after Baltimore riots, . . . — Map (db m40864) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Lutherville — “The Valley of Jehosophat”
Patented to Richard Smith, Jr. 10th August 1684 for 2500 acres. Daniel Dulaney acquired 1250 acres of this tract 19th November 1724, after which it was called “Dulaney’s Valley.” — Map (db m2080) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Lutherville — Jones Falls Watershed
Congratulations! You are helping to protect the environment. By choosing to ride the Light Rail instead of driving a car to your destination, you are conserving fuel, decreasing emissions, and reducing pollutants in the air and water. Many . . . — Map (db m8483) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Lutherville — Lutherville Historic District
National Register of Historic Places, U.S. Department of the Interior, 1972. Lutherville, named for Martin Luther, was founded, 1852, by Dr. John G. Morris, a Lutheran clergyman, as the location of Lutherville Female Seminary. The planned . . . — Map (db m2298) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Lutherville — Northampton Furnace
Built in 1759 by Charles Ridgely (the Elder) of Hampton and two sons, the iron foundry operated for 70 years on Spring Branch of Patterson’s Run. It furnished cannon and shot for the Revolution as well as other supplies: “300 kettles” . . . — Map (db m2079) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Lutherville — Trentham
Named for free school of Trentham, Staffordshire, England, where Reverend Thomas Craddock had taught. When he married High Sheriff John Risteau’s daughter, this estate was her dowry. They built a house in 1746 and in 1747 he opened a boy’s boarding . . . — Map (db m2069) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Lutherville-Timonium — Brooklandwood Plantation1798
Built by Charles Carroll of Carrollton for his daughter, Mary Caton. Site of the first Maryland Hunt Cup and Grand National Races. Owned successively by John Cockey, Charles Carroll, George Brown, Captain Isaac Emerson and Saint Paul's School . . . — Map (db m2273) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Lutherville-Timonium — Sater’s Church
1742. Pioneer of the Maryland Baptist denomination. Only eternity, interpeted by God, can make known the moral, mental and spiritual work of the “Mother Church” of the Baptists of Maryland. Founded by Henry Sater 1690–1754. . . . — Map (db m2278) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Lutherville-Timonium — Saters Church1742
On land granted by the Fifth Lord Baltimore, Henry Sater, gentleman planter, founded this first church of Baptists in Maryland. To the congregation he deeded a plot and chapel “forever to the end of the world.” — Map (db m2276) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Maryland Line — Mason and Dixon LineMile stone 46
East of this point is mile stone 46 on the line marked by English surveyors and astronomers Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon. From 1763-1768 Mason and Dixon used innovative methods to settle a boundary dispute between the colonial proprietors. Each . . . — Map (db m96072) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Maryland Line — Mason and Dixon Mile Stone
The base of the original mile stone 46, carved in Portland, England, and set by Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon in 1766, is located 480 feet east of this stone.

This replica stone was set by the Maryland Society of Surveyors in 2015. — Map (db m96075) HM

Maryland (Baltimore County), Middle River — Gunpowder RiverSo Called as early as 1600
Legend relates that the name originated with an Indian attempt to plant gunpowder in the hope that a crop could be raised. Big Gunpowder Falls flows through Baltimore County, joins the Little Gunpowder Falls at Day’s Island to form Gunpowder . . . — Map (db m2117) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Middle River — The First Orems Schools1863 to 1927 — Sarah Pielert (Principal) 1891 to 1927
Located near the corner of Orems Road and Glider Drive; adjacent to the West side of the Orems Methodist Church Cemetery. Built for the education of local students from Stemmers Run and Middle River. Originally a one-room log school house. — Map (db m36848) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Monkton — Clynmalira5000 Acres
Surveyed April, 1705 for Charles Carroll, Lord Baltimore’s Attorney-General of his Province of Maryland 1688. In 1822 Henry Carroll, Great-great Grandson of Charles Carroll built Clynmalira house. — Map (db m49267) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Monkton — My Lady’s Manor
“Lord Baltemore’s Guift” Deeded 1713 — Map (db m2053) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Monkton — My Lady's Manor10,000 Acres ... Baltimore County
Sometimes called "Lord Baltimore's Gift" Surveyed 26 August, 1713 and granted by Charles 2d Lord Baltimore to his fourth and last consort Margaret, Baroness of Baltimore, Daughter of Thomas Charleton of Hexham, Esq., with all the . . . — Map (db m15110) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Monkton — My Lady's Manor 10,000 Acres
In 1713 Charles Calvert, third Lord Baltimore gave to his wife, Margaret 10,000 acres known as My Lady;s Manor. In 1731, Thomas Brerewood was engaged to manage the land. During the Revolution the property was confiscated by Maryland and in 1782 sold . . . — Map (db m70923) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Monkton — St. James’sMy Lady’s Manor
Established 1750 as a Chapel of Ease in the Parish of St. John’s of Joppa. In a brick chapel 60 x 30 feet, now the transept, was finished on this site “in the fork of the Gunpowder River” at the cost of 790 pounds. In 1770 by Act of the . . . — Map (db m2054) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Oella — Benjamin Banneker
1731-1806 Scientist Buried in an unmarked grave near here lies the remains of Benjamin Banneker, distinguished son of Maryland, who was born, lived, and died in this area. — Map (db m66604) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Overlea — Women's Suffrage
Before the 19th Amendment was passed in 1920, American women were not guaranteed the right to vote. The National American Woman Suffrage Association organized a large parade in Washington, DC. for March 3, 1913. On February 12, a group of women . . . — Map (db m74356) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Owings Mills — Garrison Forest Church(St. Thomas Parish)
A frontier parish church authorized by Act of Assembly 1742 as “a Chapel of Ease for the Forest Inhabitants” of Saint Paul’s Parish (Baltimore). Reverend Thomas Craddock inducted as first minister January 14, 1745. — Map (db m2070) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Owings Mills — Gwynnbrook State Farm No. 1
. . . — Map (db m4339) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Owings Mills — In Memory of William Maxwell Wood, MD
Surgeon General United States Navy, born in Baltimore, Maryland May 21, 1809 and died at Owings Mills, Maryland March 1, 1880. He served his country well. And in memory of Rosemary Carson, his wife, born in Mercersburg, Pennsylvania November 9, . . . — Map (db m2071) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Owings Mills — Lieutenant Milton Ernest Ricketts MemorialWorld War II Congressional Medal of Honor Recipient
In Memory of Lieutenant Milton Ernest Ricketts, United States Navy, August 7, 1913-May 8, 1942. Lieutenant Ricketts of Baltimore County was killed in action during World War II, aboard the Aircraft Carrier USS Yorktown (CV 5), in the battle of the . . . — Map (db m72402) WM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Owings Mills — Maryland State Veterans CemeteryGarrison Forest Baltimore County — Bell Tower Carillon
In recognition of the 50th anniversary of America’s entry into World War II, December 7, 1941, this bell tower carillon is dedicated in memory of all Maryland veterans and to those who made the supreme sacrifice while serving in the Armed Forces of . . . — Map (db m62832) WM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Owings Mills — Soldiers Delight
Chrome was first discovered in the United States in Baltimore County circa 1808. Isaac Tyson, Jr. operated chromite mines at Soldiers Delight and in other serpentine barrens and from 1828 to 1850 his mines produced almost all the world’s chromium. . . . — Map (db m2073) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Perry Hall — “Long Calm”
Maryland History. During the Colonial Period this was one of the most navigable stretches of the Gunpowder Falls. A Ferry operated here between 1754 and 1759. The Nottingham Forge and Gunpowder Furnace built metal products and battleship parts . . . — Map (db m9587) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Perry Hall — Camp Chapel
The site of camp meetings between 1776 and 1807, when a log chapel was built. Methodist leader Francis Asbury visited frequently. — Map (db m9581) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Perry Hall — Germantown
After the Civil War, dozens of immigrant families moved into the area. The village of Germantown started here, later known as Perry Hall. — Map (db m24516) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Perry Hall — Gunpowder Falls State ParkSweathouse Branch Wildlands — Central Area
Wildlands are state designated small areas that retain their wilderness character. They have unique ecological, geological or scenic resources, and may provide a home for rare plant and animal species. Established in 1995, the Sweethouse Branch . . . — Map (db m64765) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Perry Hall — Harry Dorsey Gough1745-1808 — Maryland History
The founder of Perry Hall, Gough owned a 1,300 acre estate that bordered the Gunpowder Falls. He dominated commerce in Northeast Baltimore County during the colonial period. An active supporter of the Methodist church, he sheltered Francis Asbury . . . — Map (db m9611) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Perry Hall — Harry Dorsey Gough
The founder of Perry Hall, Gough and his wife Prudence sheltered Methodist leaders at the Perry Hall Mansion between 1775 and 1808. — Map (db m18235) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Perry Hall — Indian Rock
The village of Indian Rock, located here in the early 20th Century, started as a stop on the Baltimore and Jerusalem Turnpike. — Map (db m24512) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Perry Hall — Perry Hall"The Adventure" 1000 Acres
One of the largest houses in Maryland. Begun in 1773 by Corbin Lee. Completed in 1776 by Harry Dorsey Gough. East wing of the Mansion partially burned in 1824. Repaired by Harry Dorsey Gough Carroll circa 1825. Restored by the owners in 1967. — Map (db m9755) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Phoenix — Glen EllenMaj. Harry Gilmor's Childhood Home — Early's 1864 Attack on Washington
(preface) In June 1864, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee and Gen .Jubal A. Early’s corps from the Richmond battlefields to the Shenandoah Valley to counter Union Gen. David Hunter’s army. After driving Hunter into West Virginia, Early . . . — Map (db m75287) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Pikesville — Sudbrook Park
Early romantic suburb designed in 1889 by Frederick Law Olmsted, Sr., father of landscape architecture in America. On 204 acres of James Howard McHenry’s “Sudbrook” estate. Olmsted designed a naturalistic landscape with curvilinear roads . . . — Map (db m2266) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Pikesville — The Garrison Fort
Built about 1695 as headquarters for a troop of mounted rangers to patrol paths from the Patapsco to the Susquehanna as a protection against hostile Indians. It was nine miles from nearest white inhabitants when built. — Map (db m2265) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Pikesville — The Old Court Road
Originally an Indian trail, then used by the Rangers from the Garrison Fort to keep back the Indians. Later used as a road to the Court at Joppa Town, the County Seat of Baltimore County from 1712 to 1768 and the rival of Baltimore. — Map (db m2270) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Pikesville — The Old United States Arsenal
Built in 1816 after the close of the War of 1812 as an arsenal. Removed to a point of safety beyond Baltimore. Used during the War between the States and later as a Confederate Home. Now the property of the State of Maryland (1935). — Map (db m2322) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Randallstown — Mt. Paran Presbyterian Church and Cemetery
Mt. Paran Church was incorporated September 18, 1841. The chruch was called Soldier’s Delight prior to 1841 and that congregation began circa 1776. The oldest legible tombstone is that of Robert Gilchrist, dated October 17, 1767. The oldest known . . . — Map (db m2074) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Randallstown — New Tavern
Built in 1802 by Robert Ward, the tavern served traffic to and from the west. This was an early Methodist preaching place until 1845. Woodstock Seminarians held Catholic Services here in 1875 for Chrome Mine workers of Soldiers Delight. Holdbrook . . . — Map (db m2098) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Reisterstown — “Buffalo Soldiers”
First Sgt. Augustus Walley, a Reisterstown native, awarded The Congressional Medal of Honor for bravery at Cuchillo Negro Mountain, New Mexico. Dedicated on the 100th anniversary of The Spanish-American War July 13, 1998. — Map (db m7196) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Reisterstown — Colonel William Norris(1820-1896)
Chief of the Confederate States Army Signal Corps and Secret Service Bureau, 1862–1865. Appointed Commissioner of Prisoner Exchange with rank of Colonel in April 1865. The Norris Home, “Bookland,” stood 2½ miles south of this . . . — Map (db m2064) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Reisterstown — Hannah More AcademyFounded 1832
Oldest Episcopal Boarding School for girls in the United States. Mrs. Ann Van Bibber Neilson gave three acres of land at this location and $10,000 to found and academy for girls. The academy became the Diocesan School for the Episcopal Diocese of . . . — Map (db m65292) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Reisterstown — John and Margaret Reister

John Reister I 1715 - 1804

Margaret Reister Died 1803

Dedicated to Reistertown's Founder — Map (db m82402) HM

Maryland (Baltimore County), Reisterstown — Nicholson’s Manor
Patented sixth of August 1719 to William Nicholson, gentleman of Anne Arundel County for 4200 acres. Subdivided in 1757 into four equal parts by Byron Philpot, Junior, Corbin Lee, Kinsey Johns and Roger Boyce. — Map (db m2077) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Reisterstown — Oldest High School in Baltimore County
Franklin Academy founded January 10, 1820 by an Act of the General Assembly of Maryland. On January 25, 1849 became a public school. Was Reisterstown High School from 1874–1896. Became Franklin High School in 1897. — Map (db m2062) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Reisterstown — Original Bell of the Franklin Academy

In service 1826 - 1914 Erected here by the Franklin Chapter of Future Farmers of America — Map (db m82240) HM

Maryland (Baltimore County), Reisterstown — Original Cornerstone of the Franklin Senior High School1905 - 1965

Relocated here by the Class of 1965 in honor of Mrs. Helen T. Reese Vice-Principal, Ret. — Map (db m82241) HM

Maryland (Baltimore County), Relay — A Rural Vacation Spot
Beginning in 1873, the picturesque Viaduct Station Hotel complimented the Thomas Viaduct. The Viaduct Hotel was built in the town of Relay as a rural vacation spot and a comfortable place for passangers to change trains. The hotel was a forerunner . . . — Map (db m8833) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Relay — Great War
To remember those of this locality who gave their lives in the Great War 1917-1918 Clifton R. Faith, James Flood, Luther Williams (colored) And to honor those who served David Allen, Norman F. Andreae, Millard Barnes, William . . . — Map (db m8767) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Relay — Masterpiece of the Early B&O Railroad
Before you stands the thomas Viaduct, named after Philip E. Thomas, the first president of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad. This unique bridge has become an enduring symbol of the B&O Railroad and the Patapsco Valley, surviving several floods and . . . — Map (db m8834) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Relay — Relay
Created in 1830 as a change point, or "relay," for horses hauling the first scheduled railroad cars in the U.S. The first rail link to nation's capital began here. Thomas Viaduct carries the track across Patapsco gorge; completed in 1835, it is the . . . — Map (db m8764) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Relay — Site of Old Relay Station and Hotel
Baltimore & Ohio Railroad. Here in 1830, passengers on B&O horse-drawn cars stopped to eat at the Relay House. Meanwhile, the relays of horses were changed for the remainder of the 13 mile journey between Baltimore and Ellicott’s Mills, hence . . . — Map (db m2502) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Relay — The Thomas Viaduct
Front Commenced, July 4th, 1833. Finished, July 4th, 1835. Rear Johnathan Knight, Chief Engineer Caspar W. Wever, Superintendent of Construction. Designed by Benjamin H. Latrobe. . . . — Map (db m127) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Relay — World War II1941 - 1945 — In Freedom's Cause
To honor and commemorate those of us who served in the Armed Forces Andersen, Alber T.; Andrews, Kenneth S.; Arnold, Lester e.; Bailey, Charles W.; Baker, Wilfred E.; Baquol, Calvin L.; Barbaro, Joseph R.; Barnes, Beverly L.; Barnes, . . . — Map (db m8768) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Sparks Glencoe — Scott's Quarry
Marble from this quarry, located nearby, was used to build the Washington Monument in Baltimore. Designed by architect Robert Mills and erected between 1815 and 1829, this was the first public monument erected to George Washington. The construction . . . — Map (db m36850) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Sparks Glencoe — Sparks
In 1835, the Baltimore and Susquehanna Railroad constructed a track through Baltimore County which included a siding and switch near a large tract of land owned by the Sparks family. Railroad officials gave the name Sparks to the switch and soon . . . — Map (db m95687) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Sparks-Glencoe — Gorsuch Tavern
At “19 mile stone” on York Road built in 1810 by Captain Joshua Gorsuch, a shipbuilder. The tavern was the meeting place of the Baltimore Countians who went to Pennsylvania to reclaim their slaves, thus bringing on the Christiana Riot of . . . — Map (db m2057) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Sparrows Point — A Heavy PriceStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
Private Bernard Todd paid dearly for having his home used for military purposes. When the British threatened Baltimore in 1813, it was headquarters for American troops who guarded the Patapsco Neck. Todd’s property also served as a signal house and . . . — Map (db m80869) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Sparrows Point — Dedicated to All Men and Women
Dedicated to all men and women who made the ultimate sacrifice for our country during all wars and conflicts. — Map (db m68562) WM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Sparrows Point — Dreaded AlarmStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
The cupola atop the Ridgely house, c. 1767 farmhouse located near here, served as a lookout station in 1813 and 1814, operated by Major Josiah Green. A white flag raised on September 11, 1814, indicated that a British fleet was moving toward . . . — Map (db m79760) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Sparrows Point — Hard TravelCaptain John Smith Chesapeake National Historic Trail
John Smith and his crew visited this area in June 1608. After passing several shallow creeks, they entered the deep waters of the Patapsco River with hopes of finding exportable metals and a passage to the Pacific Ocean.

With only rotted bread . . . — Map (db m95980) HM

Maryland (Baltimore County), Sparrows Point — John Smith Explores the ChesapeakeCaptain John Smith Chesapeake National Historical Trail
Captain John Smith explored the Chesapeake Bay in the early 1600s seeking precious metals and a passage to Asia. He traveled the James, Chickahominy, and York rivers in 1607, and led two major expeditions from Jamestown in 1608. Smith and his crew . . . — Map (db m95981) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Sparrows Point — Unexpected ResistanceStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
British troops landing at North Point on September 12, 1814, could almost taste victory. Three weeks earlier they defeated the Americans at Bladensburg and invaded Washington. Now 4,500 men marched up North Point Road toward Baltimore, while the . . . — Map (db m79759) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Sparrows Point — Wetlands
Wetlands are Valuable Far from being scary or worthless places, wetlands are wonderful. We know now that wetlands are a vital link in the natural system that supplies the water which sustains all life. Wetlands are important in many ways. . . . — Map (db m79763) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Timonium — Baltimore and Susquehanna Railroad Marble Track Bed
Marble blocks from Cockeysville area quarries were used in 1836 to bed the track fro this section of the Baltimore and Susquehanna. One of the nation's earliest commercial railroads. Revealed during construction of the MTA Light Rail, the marble . . . — Map (db m4340) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Towson — A Romance with Nature: The Falling GardenGardens and Parterres, ca. 1785-1904 — Hampton National Historic Site
The jewel of Hampton’s cultural landscape and the focus of Ridgely family horticultural pursuits for 150 years is the Falling Garden. Constructed under Charles Ridgely “The Builder” in the 1780s, the Falling Garden was one of the . . . — Map (db m78625) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Towson — A Slave VillageHampton National Historic Site
Slave/Workers Quarters, ca 1855 To our eyes, the stone facades and decorative woodwork that adorn these buildings seem at odds with their use as slave quarters. But the entire farm site—based on a popular European architectural concept called . . . — Map (db m78687) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Towson — AbisadoThe Court House Cannon
. . . — Map (db m91701) WM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Towson — Baltimore County Courthouse
Separation of Baltimore City and County effective July 4, 1851. Towsontown was chosen as County Seat by popular vote February 13, 1854. The Courthouse of local limestone and marble was completed in 1855 at a cost of $30,000. Enlarged in . . . — Map (db m36852) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Towson — Baltimore County Courthouse
Separation of Baltimore City and County effective July 4, 1851. Towsontown was chosen as County Seat by popular vote February 13, 1854. The Courthouse of local limestone and marble was completed in 1855 at a cost of $30,000. Enlarged in . . . — Map (db m36853) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Towson — Captain Charles Ridgely1733-1790 — Patriot
Builder of Hampton and owner Northampton Iron Works. Supplier to American Revolutionary Forces. — Map (db m78632) HM WM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Towson — Corn CultureHampton National Historic Site
Mule Barn, constructed 1855, Corncrib, ca. 1845, destroyed by fire, 1989.

There were lots of mouths to feed on a large plantation like Hampton and this made corn an all-important crop. Hard or “dent “corn was used as feed for . . . — Map (db m78633) HM

Maryland (Baltimore County), Towson — Domestic Service Buildings-Behind the Big HouseHampton National Historic Site
At Hampton’s height, hundreds of workers labored to make this a self-sufficient and profitable estate. Slaves and servants who worked in the mansion carried out their daily chores in this yard and also had living quarters in this area (see . . . — Map (db m78624) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Towson — Epsom Chapel
Built 1839 and located just West of this marker on land donated by Henry B. Chew of Epsom Estate, the chapel served Towsontown both as church and community center. The chapel was first used by Methodists and became the cradle of Methodism in Towson. . . . — Map (db m36851) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Towson — Hampton
1783–1790, Baltimore County. Estate of the Ridgely Family from 1745 to 1948. Home of Charles Carnan Ridgely, Govenor of Maryland, 1815–1819. One of the largest Georgian Houses in the United States. Now a National Historic Site. Open . . . — Map (db m2078) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Towson — Hampton: An American StoryHampton National Historic Site
This land was once part of one of the largest estates in Maryland---and one of the most impressive. The Ridgley family owned Hampton Plantation for more than 200 years, and their home and many farm buildings have changed little since the mid-19th . . . — Map (db m78481) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Towson — Hometown HeroStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
Nathan Towson, born 1784 in the area named for his family, served in the U.S. Army for 42 years. He enlisted in 1812 when war with Britain seemed imminent. As an artillery captain, Towson distinguished himself in nearly every major engagement on the . . . — Map (db m83413) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Towson — Hunt’s Church
A Methodist Society Established in 1773. First meeting house built on this site 1780. Previously met in Phineas Hunt’s House, still standing on Joppa Road. His grave is nearby. The present church building was erected in 1874. — Map (db m2281) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Towson — Ice Cream in July-Icehouse, ca.1790Hampton National Historic Site
Having ice in summertime was a real luxury in the early 19th century. Storing enough ice to last throughout the summer was a true feat. A large icehouse was a sign of wealth, and originally there were two such structures at Hampton. Although it . . . — Map (db m78487) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Towson — In MemoriamThe Ridgely Family Cemetery — Egyptian Revival Vault, 1815
This gated cemetery, where generations of Ridgleys are buried, is still in use by the family. Feel free to enter and walk among the tombstones and monuments, but show proper respect. Notice the family vault at center, the names and inscriptions on . . . — Map (db m83524) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Towson — Nicholas Ruxton Moore1736–1816
He commanded “Baltimore Light Dragoons” during the Revolution, attaining rank of Captain. He took active part in suppression of Whiskey Rebellion in 1794, and that year purchased “Bosley’s Adventure,” a 350 acre farm west of . . . — Map (db m2283) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Towson — Oranges in JanuaryHampton National Historic Site
Orangery, originally constructed ca. 1830s. Destroyed by fire 1926, reconstructed 1976. It was not possible to grow fresh oranges and lemons’ outside in Maryland, as delicate fruit trees could not survive the winter. The Ridgely family, however, . . . — Map (db m78631) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Towson — Quarters #2 & 3Hampton National Historic Site — circa 1850
These two stone buildings, which replaced earlier log structures, housed slaves before the Civil War. After the abolition of slavery, they provided quarters for plantation and farm workers — Map (db m92522) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Towson — Ridgely's PrideHampton National Historic Site
The Mansion, completed 1790. When Captain Charles Ridgely's country neighbors saw him erecting a "palace in the wilderness" in the 1780s, they called it "Ridgely's Folly." The mansion before you, modeled on the great country houses of Britain, was . . . — Map (db m78485) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Towson — The Colored Methodist Protestant St. John’s Chapel of Baltimore County1833
Originally constructed as a log cabin in 1833, St. John’s Chapel and land adjacent thereto served the local black community as a house of worship and burying ground. Services had been held in the present chapel since its construction in 1886. The . . . — Map (db m2286) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Towson — The Home of Governor Augustus W. Bradford
The home of Governor Augustus W. Bradford, which stood on this site was burned July 11, 1864 by Confederate Troops “to retaliate the burning of Governor Letcher’s Home” in Virginia by Federal troops. This was the closest point to . . . — Map (db m2334) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Towson — The Joppa Road
Originally an Indian trail used in 1695 by a troop of Rangers from the Garrison Fort to keep back the Indians. Later the high road to Joppa Town, the County Seat of Baltimore County from 1712 to 1768 and the rival of Baltimore. — Map (db m2302) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Towson — The Lower HouseHampton National Historic Site
Lower House, constructed ca. 1745; with later additions in the 1700s to ca. 1950.

This building, historically referred to as the “Lower House” by the Ridgely family, served a variety of purposes. Originally, Hampton’s first master, . . . — Map (db m78645) HM

Maryland (Baltimore County), Towson — The View from BelowHampton National Historic Site
The Hampton Farm, as it might have looked ca.1850-1870.

From this part of the farm, you have an ideal view of the Ridgely mansion. The imposing structure on the hill would have inspired different emotions among the various people on the . . . — Map (db m78685) HM

Maryland (Baltimore County), Towson — Vietnam Veterans Memorial
Dedicated to the Citizens of Baltimore County Who Served Their Nation in Southeast Asia 1957 - 1975 In Memory of Those Who Gave Their Lives Harvey C. K. A. Au Charles J. Armstrong Leland Bailey James H. Baker, Jr. Larry M. . . . — Map (db m83691) WM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Towson — War of 1812 Cannon
During the War of 1812, an armory was built near the intersection of Dulaney Valley and Joppa Roads. It was soon abandoned. In the 1830's, Henry Chew built a house on this site and decorated the lawn with a cannon from the deserted armory. The house . . . — Map (db m57136) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Towson — Wartime SupportStar Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
Northampton Iron Furnace, operating from 1761 to about 1830 approximately a mile north of here, played a significant role in the War of 1812. Part of the prosperous Hampton estate, the foundry’s workforce was made up primarily of enslaved . . . — Map (db m83051) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Upperco — St. Paul’s Lutheran Church (LCA)
Believed to be the oldest existing Lutheran Congregation in Baltimore County. It was begun as a Union Church in the early 1700’s. The reformed congregation worshiping in the same building. The first recorded communion was in 1794. The first house of . . . — Map (db m2058) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), White Marsh — “Whitemarsh”
Rochambeau’s Troops camped here September 11, 1781 where the baggage train and heavy artillery rejoined them. After the victory at Yorktown the French Troops, in five divisions, camped here again on their way northward, at the end of August 1782. — Map (db m2135) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), White Marsh — Union of Brother and Sisters of Ford’s Asbury Lodge No. 1
Built for the African American Community in 1874 as a school for children in the Loreley area and as home to this “benevolent” society, founded in 1872. Beginning in the late 18th century, such mutual aid societies, often formed by . . . — Map (db m2082) HM

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