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Beaufort County Markers
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Beaufort — 1st SC Infantry Of African Descent
The 1st South Carolina Volunteer Infantry Regiment was raised from sea island slaves living around Port Royal. Elements of the regiment were formed on Hilton Head in May 1862. In August 1862, the regiment was reorganized near Beaufort at the Smith plantation. It was commanded by the noted abolitionist Thomas W. Higginson who led the regiment on raids along the Georgia coast. On Jan. 1, 1863, the regiment was formerly mustered into the United States Army. The regiment saw extensive . . . — Map (db m7094) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Beaufort — 7-28 — Battery Saxton
(Front Text): Battery Saxton, constructed here in 1862, was in the second line of earthworks built by Federal troops occupying Beaufort during the Civil War. Laid out by the 1st New York Engineers with the assistance of black laborers, it held 3 8 inch siege howitzers and was occupied 1862-65 as one of two batteries anchoring a line from Battery Creek to the Beaufort River, the remnants of which are visible here just south of U.S. Hwy. 21 (known as Shell Rd. during the war). . . . — Map (db m6985) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Beaufort — 7-1 — Beaufort
Second oldest town in South Carolina, Authorized by the Lords Proprietors, December 20, 1710, Chartered January 17, 1711, Laid out prior to February 16, 1717, Incorporated by the state, December 17, 1808 — Map (db m19642) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Beaufort — 7-10 — Beaufort Arsenal
Erected in 1798 and rebuilt in 1852, the Beaufort Arsenal was the home of the Beaufort Volunteer Artillery, commissioned in 1802, which had its roots in an earlier company organized in 1776 and served valiantly in the Revolutionary War. The BVA was stationed at Fort Beauregard during the Battle of Port Royal on November 7, 1861. — Map (db m5664) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Beaufort — 7-26 — Beaufort College
(Text front) Beaufort College, a college preparatory academy founded in 1795, occupied this Greek Revival building from 1852 to 1861. The school opened in 1084 at Bay and Church Sts. but closed in 1817 after a yellow fever epidemic, reopening in 1820 at Newcastle and Craven Sts. This building designed by John Gibbs Barnwell II featured two classrooms, two offices, and a library modeled after the one at S.C. College, now the South Caronliniana Library at the University of S.C. . . . — Map (db m8705) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Beaufort — Beaufort County South CarolinaCivil War and Forward
1860 - On November 7,1861 a flotilla of U.S. warships steamed into Port Royal and the "Cotton Kingdom" came to a swift and thunderous end. The planters were forced to flee inland, many never to return, abandoning homes, lands and slaves. Beaufort became headquarters for the U.S. Army Department of the South and the chief base for the South Atlantic Blockading Squadron. The houses were used by the occupying forces and thus saved for future generations. After the war the tough-minded . . . — Map (db m5941) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Beaufort — Beaufort County, South CarolinaExploration and Settlement
1520 - 1711       In 1520 the Spaniard, Francisco Gordillo, sailing from Hispaniola, stopped near Port Royal Sound long enough to call the place Santa Elena. Fourty-two years later, in 1562, Jean Ribaut and his French Huguenots named the region Port Royal and attempted a colony on Parris Island. It survived a year.       Alarmed by the French intrusion, the Spanish in 1566, built Fort San Phillipe which was destroyed following an Indian massacre and replaced by the larger San Marcos . . . — Map (db m5886) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Beaufort — Beaufort County, South CarolinaColonial And Revolutionary Period
1711-1860 During the Colonial period the Beaufort district grew and prospered. Rice was produced for export on the mainland, indigo in the sea islands, shipbuilding flourished. The Parish System developed as the political basis and Beaufort competed with Charleston for prestige and influence. Until 1779 Beaufort played little part in the Revolution. Early in that year the first British attempt to take the town was repulsed by General William Moultrie's Militia at the Battle of Port . . . — Map (db m5935) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Beaufort — 7-21 — Beaufort Female Benevolent Society
The Society, founded in 1814 to educate and provide relief for destitute children, built this house in 1895 and leased it for many years, using the income to help the needy. Tenants included the Clover Club, which operated a circulating library here (1910-1917), and an infirmary (1917-1925). Funds from the 1982 sale of the house continue to provide relief for people in need. — Map (db m5681) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Beaufort — Beaufort Historic District(South Carolina)
Beaufort Historic District has been designated a National Historic Landmark This Site Possesses National Significance in Commemorating the History of the United States of America 1974 National Park Service United States Department of the Interior — Map (db m55130) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Beaufort — Beaufort South Carolina Tricentennial1711-2011 300
Beaufort 300 We celebrate and recognize the proud citizens who gave generously to create and erect these monuments to honor Beaufort's 300th Birthday January 17th 2011. (Plaque 1)    Prior to the founding of Beaufort, the Spanish, French and English explored this coast. Spanish voyages in 1514, 1521, 1525 and 1526 led to the lost Spanish City of San Miguel de Gualdape. In 1525, Spanish Captain Pedro de Quexos named the region Santa Elana, one of the . . . — Map (db m67284) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Beaufort — Brigadier General Stephen Elliott CSABorn October 26, 1830 Died February 21 1866
Known for acts of bravery and outstanding leadership in the defense of Beaufort. This Memorial is erected by the Stephen Elliot Chapter of the United Daughters of the Confederacy opposite the home in which this chapter was organized. — Map (db m5638) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Beaufort — Dr. Henry Woodward, Surgeon 1646-1686(First Permanent Settler of South Carolina)
Arrived Port Royal (Beaufort) 1666 with Robert Sanford's Expedition exploring the area. He remained with Indians and learned their language. Captured by Spanish, he escaped; later returned guiding the Port Royal Colony. On his advice the colony moved to Albemarle Point (Charles Towne) 1670, where his friendly Indian trade contributed to its permanency. He has illustrious descendants. Erected by the South Society Colonial Dames of the XVII Century Bi-Centennial Project - January 7, 1973 — Map (db m30328) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Beaufort — First Fort
On or near this site in the settlement known as Stuart Town stood the "Tight Watch House" erected in 1683-4. After the destruction of the town by the Spanish in 1686 it was replaced by a fort, approximately 100 feet square defended by "9 Great Guns" known as the Beaufort Fort after 1710. It was the main defense of the area until Fort Frederick was erected in 1735. — Map (db m5939) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Beaufort — 7-36 — First Presbyterian Church
Early attempts to establish a Presbyterian church in Beaufort, in the 1740s and 1880s, were unsuccessful.    The first permanent congregation was founded in 1912 by 16 charter members. In 1921, when it acquired this lot, Rev. A.P. Toomer put up a sign with the Old Testament verse "the people had a mind to work."    This Colonial Revival church, built in 1928-29, was designed by architect James H. Sams (1872-1935). ( Reverse text) . . . — Map (db m65698) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Beaufort — Gettysburg Address
Address by President Lincoln At the Dedication of The Gettysburg National Cemetery November 19, 1863.    Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent, a new nation, conceived in liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.    Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived and dedicated, can long endure. We are met on a great battle-field of that war. We have come to . . . — Map (db m61992) HM WM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Beaufort — 7-16 — Mather School
Shortly after the Civil War, Mather School was founded here by Rachel Crane Mather of Boston. In 1882 the Women's American Baptist Home Mission Society assumed support of the venture, operating it as a normal school for black girls. With some changes, the school continued until 1968, when it was closed and sold to the state for the educational benefit of all races. — Map (db m6940) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Beaufort — 7-30 — Maxcy - Rhett House / "Secession House"
Maxcy - Rhett House This house was built circa 1810 for Milton Maxcy (1782-1817), who came here from Massachusetts in 1804. Maxcy and his brother Virgil, who founded a school for young men in Beaufort, later taught at Beaufort College. In the 1850's Edmund Rhett (1808-1863), lawyer, planter, state representative, and state senator, brought the house and extensively remodeled it in the Greek Revival style, featuring an elaborate two-story portico. "Secession House" Edmund Rhett, . . . — Map (db m5803) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Beaufort — Re-interred 19 African-American Civil War VolunteersMemorial Day May 29, 1989
(Tablet One) The Governor of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts Michael S. Dukakis, and descendant's of the African-American Civil War Volunteers of the 54th and 55th Infantry Regiments and the 5th Cavalry Regiment of Massachusetts, accompanied by distinguished citizens of the Commonwealth, came on this day to Beaufort National Veterans Cemetery to honor the members of the Black 55th Massachusetts Regiment of Volunteer Infantry, whose remains were found on Folly Island, South . . . — Map (db m20211) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Beaufort — Richard V. Woods Memorial Bridge
Dedicated in 1971 to the memory of State Highway Patrolman R.V. Woods (1935-1969) and all other South Carolina Law Enforcement Officers who died while serving in the line of duty — Map (db m15605) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Beaufort — 7-14 — Robert Smalls
Born a slave in 1839, Robert Smalls lived to serve as a Congressman of the United States. In 1862 he commandeered and delivered to Union forces the Confederate gunboat Planter, on which he was a crewman. His career as a freedman included service as a delegate to the 1868 and 1895 State Constitutional Conventions, election to the SC House and Senate and nine years in Congress. He died in 1915 and is buried here. — Map (db m20144) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Beaufort — Site of the Old Baptist Meeting House
" Here, in 1794, I had the happiness, instrumentally, to lay the foundation of a place of worship which composed of the best materials, and classes with the most neat and commodious Baptist meetinghouses in the United States." (Rev. Henry Holcombe, First Fruits in a Series of Letters) This construction involved erection of a structure measuring 30' - 2'' north / south by 36' - 4" east / west, suitable for intermittent use by a small congregation. Over time, the church . . . — Map (db m25958) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Beaufort — 7-22 — St. Helena's Church
(Marker Front): This Episcopal Parish was established by Act of the Assembly June 7, 1712. The first known rector, William Guy, conducted early worship services in homes of settlers. The parish suffered greatly during the 1715 Yemassee Indian attack; constructed the present building in 1724 (enlarged 1817 & 1842); and was given communion silver in 1734 by John Bull, a captain in the militia. According to local tradition, the (Marker reverse): church was used by British . . . — Map (db m5827) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Beaufort — St. Helena's Episcopal Church
St. Helena's Parish was established June 7, 1712 by act of Provincial Assembly. First rector, The Rev. William Guy, was appointed 1713; Glebe lands of 50 acres provided 1717. Original church erected 1724; Enlarged 1770 and 1817 when present size was established and galleries added; Rebuilt 1842. Alter silver given in 1734 by Capt. John Bull in memory of his wife, massacred by indians. Amoung the notables buried in the church yard are 2 British Revolutionary . . . — Map (db m25741) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Beaufort — 7-14 — Tabernacle Baptist Church
Tabernacle Church was formed by black members of Beaufort Baptist Church after other members evacuated the area because of Federal occupation in 1861. The church's lecture room was used for services during the war. In 1867 the black congregation bought this property from the Beaufort Baptist Church. Its present building was dedicated in 1894. Many new churches have grown from the Tabernacle. — Map (db m9964) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Beaufort — The Baptist Church of Beaufort
Established as a mission of the Euhaw Baptist Church in 1795, Henry Holcombe, pastor. With Joseph B. Cook as pastor, the church was chartered as a Baptist church by the State of South Carolina on January 27,1804. At the beginning of the Civil War the building was taken over by the Union Army and used as a hospital for "coloured soldiers". The present building was erected in 1844 under the leadership of Richard Fuller, pastor. The tabby foundations of a prior meeting house . . . — Map (db m26102) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Beaufort — Thomas Heyward, Jr.
South Carolina 1746 - 1809 Soldier - Statesman Signer of The Declaration Of Independence — Map (db m5940) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Beaufort — Verdier House
John Mark Verdier 1759-1826 Builder Of This House 1795-1800 General Lafayette Spoke To The People Of Beaufort From This Portico March 18, 1825 — Map (db m19644) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Bluffton — Bluffton United Methodist Church
The Methodist Society, organized in Bluffton, built the first church and parsonage on Boundry Street in 1853. During the Civil War, two confederate soldiers saved the church from being burned. In 1875 the church sold the building to the AME Church. In 1890 the first church was built on this site. In 1940 the church was destroyed by a hurricane. By 1945, under the leadership of the Charles E. Ulmer family a new building was built. The educational building was constructed in . . . — Map (db m39840) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Bluffton — 7-2 — Bluffton, S.C.
Settled in 1825, as a summer resort of rice and cotton planters, this town was incorporated in 1852. Here in 1844 the was launched the protest against the Federal tariff known as the "Bluffton Movement". — Map (db m21553) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Bluffton — #75001686 — Church of the Cross
The National Register Of Historic Places Church of the Cross South Carolina Department of Archives and History — Map (db m19786) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Bluffton — 7-29 — Michael C. Riley Schools
(Front text):This is the site of two schools that served the black community of southern Beaufort County for most of the twentieth century. Bluffton Graded School, a small frame building constructed about 1900, was followed in 1954 by an elementary and high school named for Michael C. Riley (1873~1966), longtime trustee of Beaufort County School District #2. (Reverse text):From 1954 to 1970 the elementary school educated Bluffton's black students in grades 1~8 and the high . . . — Map (db m5853) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Bluffton — 7-25 — St. Luke's Church
This sanctuary, built 1824 as St. Luke's Episcopal Church, housed an active Episcopal congregation until just before the Civil War. It was sold to the trustees of St. Luke's Methodist Church in 1875 and served that congregation since. St. Luke's is listed in the National Register of Historic Places for its architectural significance as a blend of the Georgian and Greek Revival styles. — Map (db m19645) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Bluffton — The Barrel Landing Schoolhouse
The name Barrel Landing (also spelled Barrell) comes from a nearby docking and landing area on the Okatie River initially used by early settlers of the Okatie community in the period following the Revolutionary War. Farmers and tradesmen used the landing to load produce packed in barrels aboard river craft to transport them to larger ports such as Beaufort, Savannah and Charleston The original Barrel Landing School was built in the 1800s prior to the Civil War, but was destroyed by fire in . . . — Map (db m15320) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Frogmore — 7-32 — The Great Sea Island Storm
( Front text ) On the night of August 27, 1893, a huge "tropical cyclone," the largest and most powerful storm to hit S.C. until Hurricane Hugo in 1989, made landfall just E of Savannah, Ga. With gusts as high as 120 mph and a storm surge as 12 ft., the worst of the storm struck the Sea Islands near Beaufort - St. Helena, Hilton Head, Daufuskie, Parris and smaller islands were devastated. (Continued on other side) (Reverse text ) The storm killed . . . — Map (db m8782) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Grays Hill — 7-5 — Battle of Port Royal Island
Near the old halfway house, in the vicinity of Grays Hill, on February 3, 1779, a force of South Carolina Militia, Continentals, and volunteers, including men from Beaufort, under General William Moultrie, defeated the British in their attempt to capture Port Royal Island. — Map (db m14738) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Hilton Head — 7-18 — Fish Hall Plantation
This plantation was part of a 1717 Proprietary landgrant of 500 acres to Col. John Barnwell. Later owners included members of the Green, Ellis, and Pope families. Nearby tabby ruins are remains of fire places of slave cabins. Graves of blacks, who made up most of the island's population until after the 1950's, are in nearby Drayton Cemetery. — Map (db m6625) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Hilton Head — In MemoriamCaptain John Stoney — 1749 - 1821
native of Ireland, soldier in the Revolution, planter on this island, a founder of the Episcopal Church on Hilton Head, the ancestor of the Stoneys of South Carolina. Also of his grandson, John Safford Stoney, eldest son of John and Elizabeth Gaillard Stoney, who who died in 1832 in his twenty fifth year. Their earthly remains with those of James Stoney, son of Captain John Stoney, who is commemorated by this tomb, rest where they were interred in unmarked graves at the northwestern extremity . . . — Map (db m8571) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Hilton Head — 7-18 — Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Confederate Brig. Gen. Thomas F. Drayton was in command of this area at the time of nearby battle of Port Royal, November 7, 1861. A brother, Capt. Percival Drayton, commanded the Union warship Pocahontas at the same battle. Earlier, General Drayton had married Emma Catherine Pope, whose parents owned Fish Hall Plantation. — Map (db m9966) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Hilton Head Island — 7-6 — "Robbers Row"
After the occupation of Hilton Head, a civilian town grew up to serve the needs of the large Union base and its garrison here. The town boasted a hotel, a theater, 2 newspapers, and numerous stores, centering along a street, officially Suttlers Row, which ran east from this point about ½ mile to the army tent encampment. — Map (db m16550) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Hilton Head Island — 7-7 — Battle of Port Royal
A decisive battle in the Civil War took place here on Nov. 7, 1861, when 18 Union warships with about 55 supporting craft led by Adm. S.E. DuPont bombarded for 4½ hours the Confederate forces in Fort Walker on this shore and Fort Beauregard on the opposite point. About 13,000 troops under Gen. Thomas W. Sherman then landed on this beach to establish the main Union blockade base on the South Atlantic coast. — Map (db m16504) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Hilton Head Island — Charlie Simmons, Sr."Mr. Transportation" 1905~2005
Before the Island's first bridge, Charlie Simmons, Sr., became known as "Mr. Transportation" amoung the local community, which was made up of descendants of freed slaves following the Civil War. Until the late 1920's sailboats were the primary means of transportation to and from the Island. Mr. Simmons bought the first locally owned motorboat. That boat meant that Islanders could make three trips to Savannah each week, rather than one. Mr. Simmons also ran a general store, and when Islanders . . . — Map (db m41054) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Hilton Head Island — 7-34 — Fort Howell
(Front ) This Civil War fort, named for Gen. Joshua Blackwood Howell (1806-1864), was built by the U.S. Army to defend Hilton Head Island and the nearby freedmen’s village of Mitchelville from potential Confederate raids or expeditions. That village, just east of here, had been established by Gen. Ormsby M. Mitchel in the fall of 1862 and was named for him after his death. (Reverse text) This fort was an enclosed pentagonal earthwork with a 23’ high parapet and . . . — Map (db m49841) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Hilton Head Island — Fort Howell - 1864
An excellent example of the defensive earthworks common to the civil War era, Fort Howell was constructed by Union Forces occupying Hilton Head Island and was one of the final fortifications to be built during the war. The men of the 32nd U.S. Colored Infantry Volunteers labored to complete the fort in the fall of 1864. Its purpose to protect Mitchelville, a freedman's town of newly emancipated slaves, which lay just down the road from this spot. Fort Howell was deeded to the Hilton Head . . . — Map (db m6801) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Hilton Head Island — 7-8 — Fort Sherman
Completed in 1862, this large earth fort was designed to defend the great Union blockade base on Hilton Head against Confederate land attack. Named after the first Union commander here, Gen. Thomas W. Sherman, the fort consists of two miles of earthworks enclosing a 14-acre area. With other fortications Fort Sherman formed part of a defensive line 5 miles long across the north end of the island. — Map (db m15949) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Hilton Head Island — 7-9 — Fort Walker
Hastily built in 1861 to protect the S.C. coast against Union attack, Fort Walker, commanded by Col. William C. Heyward, bore the brunt of the Union attack on November 7, 1861, when after 4½ hours, with only 3 guns left serviceable and ammunition almost gone, the troops under Gen. Thomas F. Drayton were forced to withdraw from the island. Rebuilt by Union forces, it was renamed Fort Welles. — Map (db m16519) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Hilton Head Island — 7-11 — Hilton Head
A prominent landmark for mariners since the voyages of the early Spanish explorers, this headland was known to the English as Hilton Head after the voyage in 1663 of Captain William Hilton which led to their first permanent settlement in Carolina. By the late 18th century the island had become known as Hilton Head Island. — Map (db m16231) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Hilton Head Island — Hilton Head Island Veterans Memorial
Dedicated to all veterans who have served their country honorably, and have helped preserve the freedoms that we enjoy in this great country. From A Grateful Nation — Map (db m7015) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Hilton Head Island — History Of The Dolphin Head Area(Hilton Head Island)
(Left column) ¤ 15,000 to 4,000 Years Ago: The    rising sea level flooded the deep basin    now known as Port Royal Sound. ¤ 1531: Spanish explorers Francisco    Gordillo and Pedro de Quexos sailed    into Port Royal Sound. Historians    believe they landed on Parris Island. ¤ 1562: French Huguenots led by    Jean Rebaut established a temporary    settlement in the vicinity. They named    the sound Port Royale. ¤ 1566: The Spanish . . . — Map (db m63445) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Hilton Head Island — 7-23 — Mitchelville Site
In 1862, after Hilton Head's fall to Union forces in 1861, this town, planned for the area's former slaves and named for General Ormsby M. Mitchel, began. — Map (db m6783) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Hilton Head Island — 7-13 — Revolutionary War Ambush
In December 1781, returning from a patrol with the Patriot Militia, Charles Devant was mortally wounded from ambush near here by Captain Martinangel's Royal Militia from Daufuskie Island. He managed to ride his horse to his nearby plantation, Two Oaks, where he died. Captain John Leacraft's Bloody Legion avenged his death. — Map (db m33789) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Hilton Head Island — Steam Gun
Hilton Head Steamgun was the last of 13 produced - 8 land based and 5 ship borne. The 50 foot long, 15-inch diameter barrel propelled a 7 foot long, dynamite loaded projectile up to 3 .25 miles. Two steam engines powered an electric generator and two air compressors to feed air at 2,000 PSI through the dune to two sides of the gun. The Hilton Head gun was fired more than 100 times in late 1901 and early 1902. It was dissembled in 1902. — Map (db m16604) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Hilton Head Island — Two Gallant Gentlemen from South Carolina
To honor the memory of two gallant gentleman of South Carolina. Thomas Fenwick Drayton; Brigadier-General, C.S.A. and his brother Commodore Percival Drayton, U.S.N., Captain of U.S.S. Hartford, and later the first Chief of Naval Operations. The brothers met at the outbreak of hostilities, shook hands, and each went the way his conscience directed. Thomas elected to defend his state. Percival to follow his flag. On November 7, 1861 the brothers met in battle. Commander Percival . . . — Map (db m16499) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Hilton Head Island — 7-35 — William Simmons House
(Front text) This house, built in 1930, is typical in materials and methods of construction of those built on the S.C. Sea Islands from the end of the Civil War to the mid-20th century. It was built on land bought after 1865 by William Simmons (ca. 1835-1922). Simmons, born a slave, had served in the U.S. Army during the war, enlisting in the 21st U.S. Colored Infantry as Ira Sherman. (Reverse text) William Simmons’s granddaughter Georgianna Jones Bryan (1900-1989) built . . . — Map (db m56892) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Hilton Head Island — 7-12 — Zion Chapel of Ease and Cemetery
A Chapel of St. Luke's Parrish, established May 23, 1767, built of wood shortly after 1786 under the direction of Captain John Stoney and Isaac Fripp, was consecrated in 1833. Members of the Barksdale, Baynard, Chaplin, Davant, Fripp, Kirk, Mathews, Pope, Stoney, and Webb families worshiped here. By 1868 the chapel was destroyed. — Map (db m6856) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Hunting Island — Hunting Island Light Station
The Hunting Island Lighthouse guided mariners along the stretch of the South Carolina coast for many years. The first lighthouse, constructed of brick and completed in 1859, was demolished by Confederate troops during the early days of the Civil War. This lighthouse, built of interlocking cast iron plates,was completed in 1875. The light station was originally located on the northern end of the island, but severe beach erosion forced its relocation to this site in 1889. The . . . — Map (db m18568) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Mitchelville, Hilton Head Island — 7-33 — St. James Baptist Church
This church, founded in 1886 by former members of First African Baptist Church, is one of the oldest surviving institutions remaining from the town of Mitchelville, a freedmen’s village established here by the United States Army in 1862. The present brick sanctuary, covered in stucco, is the third to serve this congregation. It was built in 1972 and renovated in 2005. — Map (db m44098) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Palmetto Bluff — Palmetto BluffEvolution of a Village
People Have Always Gathered Here... We know from ancient shell middens found on these bluffs that Native American hunter-gatherers inhabited this site as early as 1564. Like today's residents and visitors, they appreciated the breezes off the May River, and the expansive views helped them keep track of neighboring villages. In 1913, R.T. Wilson Junior completed work on an enormous mansion he named "Palmetto Lodge". The house and its grounds became a village unto . . . — Map (db m20319) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Palmetto Bluff — Palmetto BluffWilson Ruins
The ruins that lie before you are the remains of Marion and Richard T. Wilson Jr.'s winter and spring home. The four-story mansion occupied what is now the Wilson Village Green and took approximately five years to construct. Once completed in 1914, it became the site of many lavish parties for the Wilsons' family and friends. R.T. Wilson Jr. acquired the 18,000 acres that he named Palmetto Bluff in 1902. This land and the mansion were Wilson's idyllic retreat away from New York City until on . . . — Map (db m20367) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Parris Island — Aqui Estuvo España(Here Was Spain)
En respetuoso recuerdo de los Españoles que entre 1566 y 1587 dejaron aqui huella de su paso para gloria de España, y en agradecimiento a los Americanos benemeritos que hoy, con su trabaios rinden culto a su memoriay a la historia comun de España y los Estados Unidos de América. In respectful tribute to the memory of those Spaniards who left their mark here between 1566 and 1587 while in quest of their country's glory and in grateful recognisition to the distinguished Americans who today, . . . — Map (db m20988) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Parris Island — Barrow Hall
General Robert H. Barrow enlisted in the Marine Corps in 1942, and was assigned as an assistant drill instructor at Marine Corps Recruit Depot, San Diago, before being commissioned as a second lieutenant in 1943. He served during World War II in occupied China, supporting guerrilla forces and earning the Bronze Star with Combat "V" for heroic action in the face of the enemy. During the Korean War he commanded Company A, 1st Battallion, 1st Marines, during the epic Inchon-Seoul campaign. Later, . . . — Map (db m20862) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Parris Island — Battle of Port Royal
On the morning of November 7, 1861, Du Pont's flagship, the Wabash led the fleet into action. As the Union vessels near the sound Confederate batteries at Forts Walker and Beauregard opened fire. Du Pont, having sent ships to test the enemy's capabilities the day before, concentrated most of his fire on the more heavily armed Fort Walker. For several hours Union warships dueled the Confederate forts. Shells ripped through Fort Walker, dismounting guns, and killing or wounding some of . . . — Map (db m20380) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Parris Island — # 74001822 — Charlesfort-Santa Elena Site
Has Been Designated A National Historic Landmark This site possesses National significance in commemorating the history of the United States of America 2001 National Park Service United States Department of the Interior — Map (db m20287) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Parris Island — Fort San Marcos
A year after the abandonment of Santa Elena in 1575, Spain, reestablished its colony on Parris Island. Fearing renewed Indian attacks upon their return, the Spanish brought with them a prefabricated fort, ready to assemble. After six days of construction, in October 1577, Fort San Marcos was ready to occupy. By 1583, San Marcos was badly in need of repair. Officials in San Augustine sent a work party of thirty slaves to help rebuild the fort, but the garrison instead built a new fort on the . . . — Map (db m20936) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Parris Island — Fort San Marcos & The Ribaut Monument
The concrete pillars and the shallow depression here represent the outline and moat of a fortication excavated by the Marine Corps in 1923. The archaeological dig was supervised by Major George Osterhout who believed this was the site of the French Huguenot ( Protestsnt ) outpost Charlesfort founded in 1562 by by Jean Ribaut. In 1925 the obelisk was erected to honor the early French explorers. Major Osterhout is among the dignitaries present for the dedication of the monument in March of 1926. . . . — Map (db m21039) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Parris Island — Japanese 75mm Field GunModel 95 (1935)
Designated for use with the Japanese Cavalry, the Model 95 Field Gun is a horse-drawn gun with split trails, hydropneumatic recoil mechanism and horizontal sliding wedge type breech mechanism. The 75mm gun weighs 2440 pounds and fires a fourteen pound projectile at a maximum range of 12,000 yards. — Map (db m29867) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Parris Island — Jean Ribault Monument
Here stood Charlesfort, built 1562 by Jean Ribault for Admiral Coligny. A Refuge for Hugunenots and to the glory of France. Erected 1925 by the Government of the United States of America to mark the first stronghold of France on this Continent. — Map (db m21687) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Parris Island — Lighthouse Keepers Home( Parris Island S.C. )
The ruins in the woods before you are all that remain of the Parris Island lighthouse keeper's home. Established in 1878, by 1881 there were two navigational beacons in operation here. The keeper tended both at night. At the rear beacon this entailed hoisting a locomotive headlight 120 feet to the top of the tower every night and lowering it again in the morning. The lighthouses were seperated by nearly two miles. A plank walkway on palmetto log pilings partially connected them. By . . . — Map (db m21726) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Parris Island — Northern Most Known Bastion of Spanish Florida
Less than three decades after Columbus had discovered America, on Aug. 18, 1521 ( St. Helena's Day ), Spanish seafarers from Santo Domingo sighted this magnificent harbor, named its Eastern headland the Punta de Santa Elena, from which the area derived its name, and claimed it for the King of Spain. For nearly half a century this was the mecca of Spain's repeatedly frustrated efforts to plant a settlement on the Atlantic Coast, Not however until after Ribaut's garrison had abandoned . . . — Map (db m21253) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Parris Island — Parris Island Indians
Native Americans on Parris Island People have been living on Parris Island for over 4,000 years. Today, the prehistoric sequence is divided into four major periods. Each is defined by the lifeways of the time. Because these people lived and died centuries before any written accounts, archaeologists study the past to learn about these first inhabitants. Through the clues they left behind, the stories of peoples of long ago can once again be heard. Paleoindian Period . . . — Map (db m20601) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Parris Island — Parris Island Lighthouses
In 1878, two lighthouses and a keeper's home were built on Parris Island. Standing 45 feet high, the front range light was on the marsh flats. The much taller rear beacon was further inland. Together, the two served as navigational points for ships entering Port Royal Sound. Decommissioned in 1912, the tall structures were dismantled in the 1930s to make flight safer for aircraft from the new Page Field. The base of the front range was used during WWII as the target platform for bombing . . . — Map (db m21267) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Parris Island — Parris Island Lighthouses
In 1878, the United States built two lighthouses and a lighthouse keeper's home on Parris Island. The 45-foot tall Front Light was located on the southeastern tip of the island. Seen from the boardwalk, this area is the forested promontory to the right. The taller Rear Light was built in the center of Parris Island, almost two miles northwest of this location. Two beacons were used to guide ships into Port Royal Sound. The lighthouses were decommissioned in 1912, and were dismantled in the . . . — Map (db m21542) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Parris Island — Parris Island Plantations
Taming the Wilderness 1715 - 1750 In 1715, Alexander Parris aquired what would come to be known as Parris Island. By 1722, Parris gave almost half the island to his daughter Jane and her husband John Delabare. Both families established plantations here, but it is uncertain if either planter lived on the island. Many planters maintained their primary residence in Beaufort. The work of the early settlers, done mostly by their slaves, included clearing forests, cultivating crops, and . . . — Map (db m21410) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Parris Island — Peatross Parade Deck
Named in memory of Major General Oscar F. Peatross, USMC (2 March 1916-26 May 1993), who served with distinction in W.W. II, Korea, and Vietnam and was a member of the regiment that raised the flag on Iwo Jima in World War II. A former commanding general of Parris Island, he believed the recruit training program to be the key factor in producing a proud, professional United States Marine . ——— Who...finds comfort in himself and in his cause; And while the mortal mist . . . — Map (db m20713) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Parris Island — The First Inhabitants
Parris Island Pre-History The first inhabitants of Parris Island were American Indians. From about 6,000 BC to 500 AD, these stone age people traveled throughout the southeast staying along the coast for only part of the year. Starting around 500 AD, they began to settle along the coast in semi-permanent communities. The American Indians lived by gathering food, hunting game, fishing, harvesting shellfish and some subsistence farming. Then, in the sixteenth century their simple lifestyle . . . — Map (db m21449) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Parris Island — Uncommon Valor
"Uncommon Valor Was A Common Virtue" Mt. Suribachi, Iwo Jima 20 February 1945 1  PFC Ira Hayes,USMCR Sacaton, Arizona MCRD, San Diago Aug 42 2  PFC Franklin R. Sousley,USMCR Flemingsburg KY 21 Mar 45 (KIA) MCRD, San Diago Jan 44 3  Sgt. Michael Strank, USMC Conemaugh, Pa. 1 Mar 45 (KIA) MCRD, Parris Island Oct 39 4  PHM2/C (corpsman) John H Bradley, USN Antigo, Wisconsin Recruit Training Farragut Idaho Jan 43 5  PFC Rene Gagnon, . . . — Map (db m20660) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Pinckney Island — 7-19 — Charles Cotesworth Pinckney(1746–1825)
Born in South Carolina, Pinckney was educated in England and served in the First and Second Provincial Congresses. A commander in the Revolution, he later served in the SC General Assembly, signed the US Constitution, and was a delegate to the SC Constitutional Convention of 1790 in Columbia. Pinckney spent part of his life on this island. (Reverse text) Pinckey, a leader in S.C.’s educational, political, cultural and religious affairs, inherited this island in 1769. . . . — Map (db m30536) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Pinckney Island — 17-20 — Pinckney Island
Inhabited for some 10,000 years, Pinckney Island was known as Espalanga, Look–out, and Mackey's prior to about 1775. Alexander Mackey received two Proprietary grants for land on the island in 1710. Charles Pinckney later owned the island and willed it in 1769 to his son, Charles Cotesworth, who became a successful planter here. (Reverse text) James Bruce, former military aide to President Woodrow Wilson, purchased this island from the Pinckneys in 1937 . . . — Map (db m6611) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Port Royal — 7-24 — Emancipation Day • Camp Saxton Site
Emancipation DayOn New Years Day 1863 this plantation owned by John Joyner Smith was the scene of elaborate ceremonies celebrating the enactment of the Emancipation Proclamation. Hundreds of freedman and woman came from Port Royal, Beaufort and the sea islands to join Federal military and civil authorities and others in marking the event. After the proclamation was read, the 1st South Carolina Volunteers (Colored), the first Black regiment formed, Camp Saxton Site for regular . . . — Map (db m20312) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Sheldon — 7-4 — Ruins of Old Sheldon
Ruins of Old Sheldon Prince William's Parish Church Built 1745-55. Burned 1779 by British. Rebuilt 1826. Burned 1865 by Federal Army. Named for ancestral home of the Bull family in Warwickshire, England. ——— Annual Services Second Sunday after Easter — Map (db m26366) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Sheldon — 7-27 — Sheldon Union Academy
(Front): Sheldon Union Academy, later Sheldon School, opened in 1893 on this site and educated the black children of rural Sheldon community for almost fifty years. The original Sheldon Union Academy board, which founded and governed the school from 1893 to 1918, included S.T. Beaubien, M.W. Brown, P.R. Chisolm, H.L. Jones, S.W. Ladson, F.S. Mitchell, and N.D. Mitchell. (Reverse): Sheldon Union Academy, founded by an independent group of community leaders, was a private . . . — Map (db m5785) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), St. Helena — 7-3 — Chapel of Ease
To St. Helena's Church, Beaufort, S.C. Built about 1740. Made a separate church after the revolution. Burned by forest fire Feb. 22, 1886. — Map (db m19647) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), St. Helena — 7-15 — Penn School
[front text] One of the first schools for blacks in the South, Penn School, was reorganized as Penn Normal, Industrial and Agricultural School in 1901. As a result of this change, incorporating principals of education found at both Tuskegee and Hampton Institutes, Penn became an international model. Its program was removed to the Beaufort County school system in 1948. [back text] After Union occupation of the sea islands in 1861, two northerners, Laura Towne and Ellen . . . — Map (db m20294) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), St. Helena Island — In Honor Of Edith M. Dabbs and James McBride Dabbs
In Honor Of Edith M. Dabbs for her work and leadership in preserving historic documents and photographs of Penn School and for her contributions as author of Face of an Island and Sea Island Diary and James McBride Dabbs for his dedicated service as trustee and advocate of Penn School from 1960 to 1970 Thirty young Live Oak trees were planted on the Penn grounds in October 1986 by their friend John M. Trask Jr. of Orange Grove Plantation, St. Helena Island Map (db m13432) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Sun City Hilton Head Community — In Honor Of All Veterans9-11
(Plaque 1) Dedicated to The Memory and Honor Of All Veterans Servicemen and Servicewoman Who Have Given Their Full Measure of Devotation In the Armed Forces Defending This Nation [ Emblems: Army • Navy • Marine Corps • Air Force • Coast Guard ] (Plaque 2) 9-11 In Honor and Memory of Those Touched By the Outrageous Acts of Terrorism on September 11, 2001 God Bless America — Map (db m18236) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Tar Bluff near Sheldon — 7-39 — Combahee River Raid / Freedom Along The Combahee
Combahee River Raid On June 1-2, 1863, a Federal Force consisting of elements of the 2nd S.C. Volunteer Infantry (an African- American unit) and the 3rd Rhode Island Artillery conducted a raid up the Confederate-held Combahee River. Col. James Montgomery led the expedition. Harriet Tubman, already famous for her work with the Underground Railroad, accompanied Montgomery on the raid. Freedom Along The Combahee Union gunboats landed 300 soldiers along the river and one . . . — Map (db m66105) HM
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