|Texas (Brazoria County), Alvin — Confederate Cemetery|
|The John A. Wharton Camp of the Confederate4 Veterans purchased cemetery land June 27, 1898 and more in 1903 and 1927. The total is about 15 acres. 37 confederate veterans are buried here.
On Feb. 11, 1919 F. E. Acton, Y. M. Edwards, E. GH. Ward, W. L. Kidd, O. W. Glascock, and W. C Wilson decided to pass the cemetery governing to their successors since their "body of veterans had thinned down" and the were not able to bear the responsibility. The Lamar Fontain Chapter of the U. D. C. . . . — Map (db m50164) HM|
|Texas (Brazoria County), Brazoria — 9531 — Brazoria Bridge|
|The town of Brazoria began in 1828 as a port and trading center in Stephen F. Austin’s colony. Partially burned in 1836 during the Texas Revolution, it rebuilt and served as county seat until 1897. To escape floods and to enjoy a better life, the townspeople moved to “New Town” near the St. Louis, Brownsville, and Mexico Railway in 1912. This town became “Old Town.”
The first traffic bridge, built across the Brazos River in this historic region in 1912, provided a . . . — Map (db m90103) HM|
|Texas (Brazoria County), Brazoria — Brazoria Fallen Heroes Memorial|
Brazoria has been home to many heroes. This memorial is dedicated to those that gave the ultimate sacrifice in the line of duty. They have built, protected and honored our fair city unlike any other. Commend their deeds, honor their sacrifice and remember their names.
Battle for Texas Independence
Battle of Velasco
Capt. Aylett Buckner • Jose (Buckner’s Mexican Servant) • Andrew Castleman • Matthew Kinds • Edward Robertson • William S. Smith • Leancer Woods . . . — Map (db m90102) WM|
|Texas (Brazoria County), Brazoria — Henry Smith|
(South Face of Monument)
Henry Smith was born in Kentucky, May Twentieth 1788, came to Texas in 1827 and settled in what is now Brazoria County which he regarded as his home until his death. He was severely wounded in the Battle of Velasco, June 26, 1832. Alcalde of the jurisdiction of Brazoria, 1833. Delegate to the Second Convention of Texas in 1833. Political chief of the Department of the Brazos in 1834.
(North Face of Monument)
Henry Smith was a member . . . — Map (db m90101) HM|
|Texas (Brazoria County), East Columbia — 9518 — Aldridge - Smith House|
|This local landmark was built between 1837 and 1841 for William Aldridge, a farmer and large landholder. After a 10-year ownership by merchant, Henry Hansen, the house was sold to J.H. Dance and Co., a construction firm that supplied arms to the Confederacy. Businessman Thomas Masterson Smith (1882-1965) and his wife Mary (1881-1964) leased the house from 1908 until they purchased it in 1917. The home has been in the Smith family for more than 60 years.
Recorded Texas Historic Landmark - 1983 — Map (db m49717) HM|
|Texas (Brazoria County), East Columbia — 9528 — Bell's Landing|
|Founded 1823 as Brazos River landing for Josiah H. Bell's plantation. Townsite of Marion laid out in 1824. Later named East Columbia. Army enlistment point and ferrying dock during Texas Revolution. Key river port and trade center during Republic of Texas days. — Map (db m89323) HM|
|Texas (Brazoria County), East Columbia — 9553 — Dance Gun Shop|
|Near site of Dance Gun Shop. Started on Brazos River in 1850 by brothers J.H., George, and David Dance. Shop produced guns which helped arm the Confederacy during Civil War, 1861-65. The firearms were noted for precision. Shop also made machinery for grist mills, cotton gins, sugar refineries, and sawmills. — Map (db m49712) HM|
|Texas (Brazoria County), East Columbia — 9613 — M.L. Weems House|
|This Greek revival house was built about 1847 by Dr. Mason Locke Weems II, the first of a succession of Weems family physicians to live here. The house features a center passage plan and raised cottage form. Details on the six-bay inset porch include square posts with molded caps and turned-wood balusters. To avoid Brazos River floods, the house was moved to its present location about 1869 and later enlarged and remodeled.
Recorded Texas Historic Landmark - 1962 . . . — Map (db m49714) HM|
|Texas (Brazoria County), East Columbia — 9578 — Site of Carry Nation's Hotel|
|During a brief and troubled time in her life, Carry Amelia Moore Nation (1846-1911) operated the "Old Columbia Hotel" on this site about 1880. She later achieved fame as a hatchet-wielding crusader against the use of alcoholic drink and tobacco.
Born in Kentucky to slave-owning parents, Carry Moore and her family moved to Grayson County, Texas, soon after the outbreak of the Civil War. After an unhappy first marriage in Missouri to an alcoholic, she married David Nation in 1877. They . . . — Map (db m89328) HM|
|Texas (Brazoria County), East Columbia — 9601 — Sweeny-Waddy Log Cabin|
|John Sweeny, Sr. (d. 1855) moved his family from Tennessee to Brazoria county, Texas, about 1833. With the help of slaves, he cleared his land and established a large plantation. This log cabin, originally located about 9 miles southwest of this site, was built soon after Sweeny's arrival and housed the slave family that included Mark and Larkin Waddy. The Waddys continued to live in the cabin after they were freed at the end of the Civil War.
Recorded Texas Historic Landmark-1983 — Map (db m49709) HM|
|Texas (Brazoria County), East Columbia — 9612 — The Ammon Underwood House|
|A structure erected in noted old river port town of Marion in Republic of Texas era. First portion, of hand-hewn cedar, was built about 1835 by colonist Thomas W. Nibbs. Merchant-civic leader-soldier Ammon Underwood (1810-87) bought and enlarged house in 1838-39. In 1839 he married Rachel Jane, daughter of William and Catherine Carson, of Austin's original colony. President Anson Jones and other famous Texans often visited the Underwoods.
Recorded Texas Historic Landmark-1970 . . . — Map (db m49707) HM|
|Texas (Brazoria County), East Columbia — 12937 — Tyler-Bryan-Weems House|
|Ariadne O. Gautier (1834-1910) came from Florida to this part of Texas in 1841 with her parents. Her father, Dr. Peter Gautier, Jr., joined other Texans in turning back an invading Mexican army in 1842. In 1855, Ariadne married Clinton Lucretius Terry, with whom she had four children. Terry, serving with Terry's Texas Rangers, died in the Civil War at Shiloh in 1862. Six years later, Ariadne wed William Tyler. Again widowed, she purchased property at this site in 1871. Records indicate she . . . — Map (db m49716) HM|
|Texas (Brazoria County), Freeport — 12420 — Old Oakland Plantation|
|Founded 1828 by Henry Wm. Munson, who bought site from Stephen F. Austin, Father of Texas. This land joined Peach Point Plantation, Austin's home. Munson, one of Texans in uprising over injustices at Anahuac and Velasco in 1832, died in yellow fever epidemic in 1833. — Map (db m9551) HM|
|Texas (Brazoria County), Freeport — 11766 — Site of San Luis|
|Located on an island owned by Stephen F. Austin in 1832, the town of San Luis was established by the early 1830s. In 1836 the Follett family opened a boardinghouse and established a ferry service between Galveston and Brazoria County. Developers such as George L. Hammeken laid off town lots and planned for a major rail and canal connection to local plantations for shipping cotton and other local products. By 1840 San Luis was a thriving community with a population of 2,000. There were plans to . . . — Map (db m71624) HM|
|Texas (Brazoria County), Jones Creek — 9569 — Battle of Jones Creek|
|Fought by Texan army of 23 men under Capt. Randal Jones (1786-1873), sent out 1824 by Stephen F. Austin to the Lower Brazos to fight cannibal Karankawa Indians. Scouts found the camp here. Attack at dawn found Indians ready with spears. Jones’ guns got 15 Indians, dispersed the rest. — Map (db m90241) HM|
|Texas (Brazoria County), Jones Creek — 9558 — Ellerslie Plantation|
|John Greenville McNeel came to Texas in 1822 with his parents and brothers. Each of the men received land grants from the Mexican government as members of Stephen F. Austin's "Old Three Hundred" colony. Located near this site was the Ellerslie Plantation, home of John Greenville McNeel and his family. One of the largest sugar plantations in the area, it consisted of a large home, sugar mill, hospital, overseer's house, and slave quarters. Large entrance gates to the property were topped by . . . — Map (db m9453) HM|
|Texas (Brazoria County), Jones Creek — 9584 — Emily Margaret Brown Austin Bryan Perry — (1795 - 1851)|
|Born near Austinville, Virginia, as was her brother Stephen Fuller Austin (1793-1836), Emily moved with her father Moses Austin (1761-1821) and mother Maria Brown Austin (1768-1824) to Missouri in 1798. The family operated lead mines there and founded the town of Potosi, south of St. Louis.
Emily was sent to schools in Kentucky and New York and returned to Missouri in 1812. She married James Bryan (1788-1822) in 1813 and gave birth to five children at Hazel Run, Missouri. After James . . . — Map (db m90628) HM|
|Texas (Brazoria County), Jones Creek — General Stephen Fuller Austin|
The State of Texas October 18, 1910,
removed the remains of
General Stephen Fuller Austin,
to the capital city of Austin,
where they were reinterred in the
and a statue erected over the grave. — Map (db m90626) HM|
|Texas (Brazoria County), Jones Creek — 9565 — Gulf Prairie|
Pioneer Cemetery. Originally part of Peach Point Plantation.
Used by descendants of James Franklin Perry and wife, Emily Austin Bryan Perry, Stephen F. Austin’s sister, and by the community since 1829.
In 1836, Austin, the “Father of Texas” was buried here.
His remains were reinterred in the state cemetery in the City of Austin in 1910. — Map (db m90591) HM|
|Texas (Brazoria County), Jones Creek — 9576 — Henry William Munson — (January 15, 1793 - October 6, 1833)|
Heroic early Texas soldier. Fought in Battle of the Medina, near San Antonio, 1813. Returned east afterward, but moved to Texas as a colonist in 1824. Fought on behalf of Mexico to quell Fredonian Rebellion, 1827; but against Santa Anna’s agents in 1832 Battle of Velasco.
Munson married Ann Pearce. In their family of 8 children was a son, Mordello, named for the Mexican officer who saved life of H.W. Munson at the Medina.
Recorded - 1970 — Map (db m90589) HM|
|Texas (Brazoria County), Jones Creek — 9585 — James Franklin Perry — (September 19, 1790 - September 13, 1853)|
|A native of Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, James Franklin Perry moved to Potosi, Missouri, in 1808. He joined the mercantile business of his relatives Samuel and John Perry, and became a partner in 1818.
While living in Potosi, Perry met and married Emily Margaret Austin Bryan, a widow with four children. They were eventually the parents of six additional children.
Emily’s father, Moses Austin, and her brother, Stephen F. Austin, were pioneer leaders in the movement to colonize . . . — Map (db m90627) HM|
|Texas (Brazoria County), Jones Creek — 9537 — Major Guy M. Bryan, C.S.A. — 1821-1901|
|Born in Missouri. Rode a mule to Texas in 1831 to join his uncle, Stephen F. Austin, Father of Texas. A private in Texas War for Independence. Legislator, congressman, member of Texas Secession Convention. Enlisted as a private in the Civil War, but his administrative ability, diplomacy and political understanding soon cast him in the role of troubleshooter and liaison man between state and Confederate governments and the military. Convinced C. S. A. leaders of need to leave enough troops in . . . — Map (db m53084) HM|
|Texas (Brazoria County), Jones Creek — 9541 — Major James Peckham Caldwell — (January 6, 1793 - November 16, 1856)|
Adjutant of the Texas army in Battle of Velasco, June 26, 1832. Wounded there, he was guarding civilians at time Texas won independence in Battle of San Jacinto, April 21, 1836.
A bosom friend of Stephen F. Austin, Caldwell received land grant from Mexico in 1824. In 1830s he had a sugar mill, said to the first on the Brazos.
He married Ann Munson, widow of his friend H.W. Munson. They had a son and a daughter.
Recorded - 1970 — Map (db m90590) HM|
|Texas (Brazoria County), Jones Creek — 9536 — Major Reuben R. Brown — (February 3, 1808 - March 2, 1894)|
In Texas war for independence, joined Matamoros expedition of January 1836. In detachment that captured horses of Gen. Urrea of Mexican army, Brown was made captive in a counterattack, and spent 11 months in prison in Mexico, but finally escaped.
In his old age, he lived at “Sur Mer” home of his daughter Mrs. James Perry Bryan, a great-granddaughter by marriage of Moses Austin, whose courage had led to colonization of Texas.
Recorded - 1970 — Map (db m90602) HM|
|Texas (Brazoria County), Jones Creek — 9581 — Peach Point|
One-eighth mile south to
Home of Mrs. Emily M. Perry
Only sister of Stephen F. Austin,
who regarded the place as his home
after the burning of San Felipe
on March 29, 1836 — Map (db m90243) HM|
|Texas (Brazoria County), Jones Creek — 9596 — Stringfellow Ranch|
|Born at Old Brazoria, Robert Edward Lee Stringfellow (1866-1941) began his career on a cattle ranch at the age of 14. Soon he acquired his own herd. He opened a Velasco meat market in 1890 and provided beef for workers building jetties at the mouth of the Brazos River. Stringfellow’s ranch holdings here in southern Brazoria County increased to 20,000 acres. A philanthropist and civic leader, Stringfellow was an early builder and investor in Freeport townsite. After he was injured in the 1932 . . . — Map (db m90644) HM|
|Texas (Brazoria County), Jones Creek — 9538 — William Joel Bryan — (December 14, 1815 - March 3, 1903)|
Grandson of Moses Austin, whose dream of Anglo-American colony changed course of Texas history.
Came to Texas with his mother and stepfather in 1831; served in Texas army from 1835 to 1838. A highly successful planter, he was instrumental in building of deepwater port at mouth of the Brazos. Town of Bryan, Texas, is named for him. He married Lavinia Perry. Lived at “Durazno” plantation – a gift of his uncle, Stephen F. Austin. Had 7 children.
Recorded - 1970 — Map (db m90601) HM|
|Texas (Brazoria County), Liverpool — 9545 — Vicinity of Oyster Creek and Chocolate Bayou|
|Most early Texas homes and towns were built along streams that provided water for people and livestock, and travel for boats said to be capable of "floating on a heavy dew".
Oyster Creek served, 1822-1861, as such a homesite-highway. Its boat landings were piled high with sugar, cotton, cane and other products of some of America's richest plantations.
Chocolate Bayou was an area of early-day cattle raising.
These were 2 of 50 streams and 10 bays that made this coast a network of useful waterways. — Map (db m89334) HM|
|Texas (Brazoria County), Old Ocean — 9600 — Sweeny Plantation|
|John Sweeny, Jr., after returning from the Texas Revolution, was given this plantation by his father, an extensive landholder. In 1837 slaves built the house, using only brick, nails and wood made on his land. Molasses, cotton, sugar were produced. Still owned by descendants. — Map (db m89331) HM|
|Texas (Brazoria County), Pearland — Old Settler's Cemetery — (0.2 miles west)|
|Settlement of this area began as a result of railroad development through north Brazoria County in 1882. First known as Mark Belt, the townsite was platted in 1894 and named Pearland because of the abundance of pear orchards in the vicinity. An advertising campaign featuring favorable farm conditions brought many settlers to the area in the 1890s. Although some were discouraged by storm and freeze damage to their homes and crops in the early years, many remained and established permanent homes. . . . — Map (db m50134) HM|
|Texas (Brazoria County), Surfside — 9607 — Old Velasco, CSA|
|Historic and key Texas port of entry located near here. During the Civil War was fortified by troops and 8 gun batteries at the mouth of the Brazos River, to provide shelter and landing facilities for blockade runners; to protect rich farmlands; and to prevent Federal invasion. The South exchanged cotton for European guns, ammunition, milled goods and medicines for army and home use. Velasco was one of the busiest ports. Federal vessels attempted to stop vital trade, and constantly fired upon . . . — Map (db m10331) HM|
|Texas (Brazoria County), Surfside — 9605 — Velasco|
|Here was fought a battle-- the first collision in arms between Texas colonists and the Mexican military-- a conflict preliminary to the Texas War for Independence. On June 26, 1832, when Texans under John Austin and Henry Smith came down river with cannon for use against Mexican forces at Anahuac, they ran against the resistance of Lt. Col. Domingo de Ugartechea. As commander of Mexican forces at Velasco, Ugartechea refused passage through the mouth of the Brazos River to the vessel bearing . . . — Map (db m10332) HM|
|Texas (Brazoria County), Surfside Beach — 9564 — Gulf Intracoastal Waterway|
|This complex of barge canals and natural channels—most valuable waterway in America—stretches 1,116 mi. from Brownsville, Texas, to St. Mark’s, Florida. Is longer, carries more tonnage than Suez and Panama canals. Is a vital link in economy of Texas and has been one of main causes of rapid development of Gulf Coast area.
The canal system was begun in 1854 when a short canal was built from Galveston Bay to mouth of Brazos River as aid to Texas trade; it was 50 ft. wide, 3 . . . — Map (db m90133) HM|
|Texas (Brazoria County), Surfside Beach — Historical Jetties — Surfside Beach|
- Capt. C.W. Howell recommended a system of two converging jetties of “closely-driven palmetto piles” to serve as a channel for a seaport at Velasco.
- Kanter family gets first contract for jetty construction, using local materials to make concrete blocks to form jetty.
- Congress authorized $40,000 to begin the work. Estimated cost was $522,890. Major S.M. Mansfield, Galveston district engineer proposed new design for . . . — Map (db m90134) HM
|Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — 9547 — Columbia|
|In September 1836 Columbia, now known as West Columbia, became capital of the Republic of Texas. This took place with the removal of the ad interim government here from Velasco. After the election called by ad interim President David G. Burnet, the first permanent government of the Republic went into operation here in Columbia in October.
Inaugurated were President Sam Houston and Vice-President Mirabeau B. Lamar. Under their leadership the first duly elected congress convened and the . . . — Map (db m49703) HM|
|Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — Columbia - First Capital of The Republic of Texas|
|In 1836 and 1837, the town of Columbia (Now West Columbia) served as the capital of the Republic of Texas. Josiah Hughes Bell, a colonist with Stephen F. Austin's Old Three Hundred, surveyed and platted Columbia in 1824 to serve as a center for shipping activities. In the mid-1830s, Columbia played an important part in the Texas War for Independence, as residents adopted resolutions for sovereignty.|
In July 1836, Ad Interim President of the Republic of Texas, David G. Burnet, named . . . — Map (db m41707) HM
|Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — 13949 — Columbia Rosenwald School|
|A grant from the Rosenwald Foundation of Chicago led to the establishment of a local school for African American students. The foundation represented a collaboration between Julius Rosenwald, President of Sears, Roebuck, and Company, and the noted African American educator, Booker T. Washington, to fund similar schools throughout the south. This is one of the few remaining of the hundreds built in Texas.|
The program began in 1917, and by the 1920s, there was a strong need for an African . . . — Map (db m83276) HM
|Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — Columbia United Methodist Church|
|This congregation traces its history to early Methodist missionary activity during Texas' years as a republic in 1839. The Rev. Isaac L. G. Strickland was assigned to the Brazoria Circuit and organized a Methodist Church in Columbia (now West Columbia), an early capital of the Republic.|
During the latter half of the nineteenth century, the town of Columbia lost much of its population to Marion (now East Columbia), and eventually the Methodist Church began meeting there. The congregation . . . — Map (db m46456) HM
|Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — 9575 — Home of George B. McKinstry — 1802 - 1837|
|A member of Austin's colony, 1829. Soldier in the Battle of Velasco; delegate to the General Convention, 1832; chief justice of Brazoria County, 1836. In this home, built about 1830, Stephen F. Austin died, December 27, 1836 — Map (db m78618) HM|
|Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — Old Columbia Cemetery|
|Site given by Josiah H. Bell family out of their grant, the first deeded to one of "Old 300" in colony of Stephen F. Austin. Has graves of many heroes of Texas Revolution of 1836.
Deeded in 1852 to Bethel Presbyterian Church. Since 1933 managed by Columbia Cemetery Association. — Map (db m46452) HM|
|Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — 9526 — Site of the Home of Josiah Hughes Bell — 1791 - 1838|
|One of the “Old Three Hundred” who came to Texas with Stephen F. Austin in 1821 • First alcade of Austin's Colony • On this tract of 6,642 acres, granted him in 1824, was later built the town of Columbia, First Capital of the Republic — Map (db m52793) HM|
|Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — The First Capitol of the Republic of Texas|
| Near site of The First Capitol of the Republic of Texas
About 1833 Leman Kelsy built a story-and-a-half clapboard structure near this location. When Columbia became capital of the Republic of Texas in 1836, the building was one of two which housed the newly formed government. The First Republic of Texas Congress convened in Columbia. Here Sam Houston took office as President and Stephen F. Austin as Secretary of State. In 1837 the government moved to Houston. The 1900 storm destroyed . . . — Map (db m43057) HM|
|Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — 2007 — Vietnam Veterans Memorial|
|Dedicated to all the veterans who have served their country.
They served with honor, and now we honor them. — Map (db m9552) HM|
|Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — 9515 — W. H. Abrams Well No. 1|
|In 1920, Texas & Pacific Railway official William H. Abrams (1843-1926) of Dallas owned this old plantation land, then considered fit only for pasture. He leased mineral rights to the Texas Company (now Texaco, Inc.), whose drilling reached a climax on July 20, 1920. At 7:45 that evening a massive jet of oil and gas erupted from a 2,754-foot depth, heralding a major discovery now known as West Columbia Field.
W.H. Abrams No.1 was a gusher. Three pipe lines were laid at once to draw the oil . . . — Map (db m52766) HM|