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Buckingham County Virginia – Historical Markers

Arvonia Marker image, Click for more information
By Craig Swain, February 27, 2010
Arvonia Marker
Virginia (Buckingham County), Arvonia — F 64 — Arvonia
The name Arvonia was derived from Caernarvon, Wales, home to the Welsh quarrymen who settled the area in the mid-19th century. Arvonia is known for the long-lasting and unfading blue-black Buckingham slate that adorns many of Virginia's historic . . . — Map (db m28974) HM
Virginia (Buckingham County), Buckingham — O 42 — After Appomattox
Just to the south a monument marks the spot where the tent of Robert E. Lee stood the night of April 12-13, 1865. — Map (db m21104) HM
Virginia (Buckingham County), Buckingham — Buckingham County War Memorial
In memory of all those of Buckingham County who died in the military service of our Country and in honor of all those who served. Emplaced by the people of Buckingham County through the Buckingham County Ruritan Club. May 28, 1990. World War . . . — Map (db m67328) WM
Virginia (Buckingham County), Buckingham — Buckingham Courthouse
Designed by Thomas Jefferson in 1821, Burned in 1869, Rebuilt in 1878. The exterior follows Jefferson’s plan with the interior redesigned. Copy of original plan and specifications on display in courthouse. Registered in 1969 as a National and . . . — Map (db m15689) HM
Virginia (Buckingham County), Buckingham — Buckingham CourthouseHistoric District
Designed by Thomas Jefferson in 1821, burned in 1869, rebuilt in 1873. The exterior follows Jefferson’s plan with the interior redesigned. Copy of original plan and specifications on display in courthouse. Registered in 1969 as a National and . . . — Map (db m21108) HM
Virginia (Buckingham County), Buckingham — Confederate Soldiers of Buckingham County
. . . — Map (db m21110) HM
Virginia (Buckingham County), Buckingham — O 39 — Geographical Center of Virginia
About two miles south and one-half mile west is the geographical center of the state. Latitude: 37° 30.6' north Longitude: 78° 37.5' west — Map (db m21133) HM
Virginia (Buckingham County), Buckingham — 4 — One-Room SchoolhouseBuckingham, Virginia — Buckingham County
Union Grove School is representative of the many one-room schools for African-American students in Buckingham County and throughout the area. The African-American members of the community built Union Grove around 1925, and like most schools, it . . . — Map (db m21148) HM
Virginia (Buckingham County), Buckingham — Thomas Jefferson’s Lost CourthouseA Research Project of the Longwood Archaeology Field School
“Buckingham County, 26th February, 1869 A Editor’s dispatch: sad calamity has befallen our country. The court-house was set fire yesterday morning at about 1 o’clock, and by daylight was a mass of ruins.” Source: Richmond . . . — Map (db m67320) HM
Virginia (Buckingham County), Buckingham — Thomas Jefferson’s Lost CourthouseA Research Project of the Longwood Archaeology Field School
“I have taken the liberty to trespass upon your time and talents (a common stock) which we all seem to have a right to draw upon, …to draft for us a plan of our Court house,…” Source: Letter from Colonel Charles Yancey to . . . — Map (db m67321) HM
Virginia (Buckingham County), Buckingham — Thomas Jefferson’s Lost CourthouseA Research Project of the Longwood Archaeology Field School
“When buildings are of durable materials, every new edifice is an actual and permanent acquisition to the state, adding to its value as well as to its ornament…” Source: Thomas Jefferson, Notes on Virginia 8 The . . . — Map (db m67322) HM
Virginia (Buckingham County), Cumberland — Z 142 — Buckingham County / Cumberland County
(Obverse) Buckingham County Area 584 square miles Formed in 1761 from Albemarle, and named for Buckinghamshire, England. Peter Francisco, noted Revolutionary soldier, lived in this county. (Reverse) Cumberland County . . . — Map (db m21134) HM
Virginia (Buckingham County), Cumberland — O 99 — Robert Bolling(1738-1775)
Robert Bolling, member of the House of Burgesses, lived near here at his home Chellowe. A prolific writer, he published many poems as well as a treatise on wine-making. In 1766, Bolling precipitated a crisis when in an article in the Williamsburg . . . — Map (db m74003) HM
Virginia (Buckingham County), Curdsville — F 59 — March to Appomattox
Part of Lee's army passed here retreating westward, April 8, 1865. The Sixth (Wright's) Corps of Grant's Army passed here, in pursuit, in the afternoon of the same day, moving on toward Appomattox. — Map (db m28112) HM
Virginia (Buckingham County), Dillwyn — F 62 — Buckingham Training School
One mile southeast stood Buckingham Training School, the first high school in the county for African American students. In 1919 the Rev. Stephen J. Ellis organized the County-Wide League for School Improvement to persuade the Buckingham County . . . — Map (db m29157) HM
Virginia (Buckingham County), Dillwyn — F 54 — Female Collegiate Institute
Two miles east is the site of the first college for women in Virginia, the Female Collegiate Institute. Opened in 1837, it failed in 1843. Reopened in 1848, it survived until 1863. The school building has been destroyed but the "President's Cottage" . . . — Map (db m21128) HM
Virginia (Buckingham County), Dillwyn — F 55 — Gold Mines
This was the most notable gold-mining region in the country before the California gold rush in 1849. The Morrow Mine here, opened before 1835, was one of the earliest gold mines in which underground mining was employed. Profitably worked for a . . . — Map (db m29159) HM
Virginia (Buckingham County), New Canton — Buckingham Baptist Church1771 - 1949
Built in early eighteenth century by order King of England as an Episcopal Church. Reorganized as Baptist Church in 1771 with Rene Chastain, Pastor Edgar H Patton, Pastor — Map (db m28527) HM
Virginia (Buckingham County), New Canton — Z 22 — Buckingham County / Fluvanna County
(Buckingham County Side): Located in the geographical center of Virginia, Buckingham County, the only county in the United States to bear that name, was formed in 1761 from Albemarle County. It is not known for which of the many Buckinghams . . . — Map (db m31358) HM
Virginia (Buckingham County), New Canton — F 53 — Carter G. Woodson1875 - 1950
Three miles east is the birthplace of the noted teacher, educator and historian, Dr. Carter G. Woodson. He was the founder of the Association for the Study of Negro Life and History, Journal of Negro History, originated negro history week and . . . — Map (db m28972) HM
Virginia (Buckingham County), New Canton — F 57 — Carter G. Woodson Birthplace
Carter Godwin Woodson was born about three miles east on 19 December 1875. As a youth he mined coal near Huntington, W. Va. He earned degrees at Berea College (B.L., 1903), University of Chicago (B.A. and M.A., 1908), and Harvard (Ph. D., 1912) -- . . . — Map (db m28977) HM
Virginia (Buckingham County), New Canton — 5 — Carter G. Woodson BirthplaceNew Canton, Virginia — Buckingham County
North of this sign is the birthplace of Dr. Carter G. Woodson. Dr. Woodson was born December 19, 1875, to former slaves, James Henry and Eliza Ann Riddle Woodson. Young carter left Buckingham to work in West Virginia when he was 17 years old. He . . . — Map (db m31608) HM
Virginia (Buckingham County), New Canton — F 56 — Old Buckingham Church
The original or southwest wing was erected about 1758 as a church for the newly-formed Tillotson Parish. It was abandoned following the Disestablishment of the Anglican Church in Virginia in 1784, and thereafter was acquired by the Buckingham . . . — Map (db m21131) HM
Virginia (Buckingham County), Pleasant Valley — F 63 — Civilian Conservation Corps Camp P-56, Company 1367
On this site in July 1933, CCC Camp P~56 Company 1367, opened with an enrollment of 192 Virginia men. The camp, which was organized as one of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt's New Deal employment programs, consisted of 52 small barracks, a large . . . — Map (db m28307) HM
Virginia (Buckingham County), Pleasant Valley — O 38 — MillbrookHome of John Wayles Eppes
Approximately 2 miles east stood Millbrook (1811-1866), home of U.S. Senator John Wayles Eppes (1773-1823). He attended the University of Pennsylvania, was graduated from Hampden-Sydney College, and was admitted to the Bar in 1794. He married Maria, . . . — Map (db m28305) HM
Virginia (Buckingham County), Sheppards — CliftonLee’s Retreat — April 8, 1865
Generals Grant and Meade used this location for their headquarters during the night. Grant stayed in the house and it was here that he received Lee’s second letter suggesting a peace meeting. He left the next morning for Appomattox Court House. . . . — Map (db m11866) HM
Virginia (Buckingham County), Sheppards — F 60 — Eve of Appomattox
Part of Lee’s army passed here, April 8, 1865, retreating westward. The second (Humphrey’s) Corps of Grant’s army passed, in pursuit, in the afternoon of the same day. Grant spent the night here, receiving early in the morning of April 9 a note from . . . — Map (db m11864) HM
Virginia (Buckingham County), Sheppards — New StoreLee’s Retreat — April 8, 1865
At this point, General Lee’s army would change its line of march: Gordon’s corps now took the lead while Longstreet’s corps became the rearguard. They would continue to be pursued by Union army corps under Generals Humphreys and Wright. Next . . . — Map (db m11867) HM
Virginia (Buckingham County), Sheppards — F 61 — New Store Village
Four miles west is the site of New Store Village, in early times an important stop on the stage coach road between Richmond and Lynchburg. Philip Watkins McKinney, governor of Virginia 1890-1894, was born here in 1832. Peter Francisco, Revolutionary . . . — Map (db m29166) HM

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