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Caroline County Maryland Historical Markers

 
North-South Boundary Between the State of Maryland and the State of Delaware Monument image, Click for more information
By J. J. Prats, September 7, 2015
North-South Boundary Between the State of Maryland and the State of Delaware Monument
Maryland (Caroline County), Andersontown — North-South Boundary Between the State of Maryland and the State of Delaware
This monument commemorates the completion in 1976 of the resurvey by the U.S. Department of Commerce of the north-south boundary between the State of Maryland and the State of Delaware known historically as the Mason and Dixon Line. The original . . . — Map (db m88751) HM
Maryland (Caroline County), Denton — Caroline Court House
Caroline County-established, 1773, from parts of Queen Anne's and Dorchester Counties - held its early courts at seven different locations until 1797 when its first courthouse was built on this site, once known as Pig Point. The 1895 replacement . . . — Map (db m3388) HM
Maryland (Caroline County), Denton — Caroline Courthouse-In the Shadow of JusticeHarriet Tubman Underground Railroad Byway
Many facets of 19th century rural life focused on a county’s courthouse. Elected officials, lawyers, merchants, and ordinary citizens all had reasons to gather at the Caroline County Courthouse Square. For the enslaved and abolitionists, the square . . . — Map (db m79340) HM
Maryland (Caroline County), Denton — Choptank River Heritage Center-Steal Away by RiverHarriet Tubman Underground Railroad Byway
The Choptank River was as entwined with the history of slavery and freedom on the Eastern Shore as any plantation. Slaves arrived by boat for auction and left the dock in the hands of a new owner. At wharves like this, black watermen played an . . . — Map (db m79342) HM
Maryland (Caroline County), Denton — Denton
Originally called "Edenton" for Robert Eden, Maryland's last Colonial Governor. CAROLINE COUNTY was named in honor of his wife Caroline Calvert, a sister of Frederick, the last Lord Baltimore. — Map (db m3391) HM
Maryland (Caroline County), Denton — Great Wars of World Conflict
Dedicated in honor of the men and women from Caroline County who served their country during the great wars of world conflict. — Map (db m4534) WM
Maryland (Caroline County), Denton — Hubs of ActivityTerminals, Wharves and Landings on the Choptank
Sailboats and steamboats unloaded and loaded passengers and freight all along the Choptank. As trade increased in the 1800s, people built wharves and landings every few miles on the river. A wharf bustled with activity when a boat arrived. . . . — Map (db m68427) HM
Maryland (Caroline County), Denton — John Wilkes BoothEscape of an Assassin — War on the Chesapeake Bay
Divided loyalties and ironies tore at Marylander’s hearts throughout the Civil War: enslaved African-Americans and free United States Colored Troops; spies and smugglers; civilians imprisoned without trial to protect freedom; neighbors and families . . . — Map (db m3390) HM
Maryland (Caroline County), Denton — Maryland Steamboat Company's Joppa Wharf at DentonThe Wharves at Choptank Crossing
This site recreates the Golden Age of Steam on the Choptank River

Here you'll find the restored Joppa steamboat wharf and terminal from the 1800s, a visitor center and museum, and a Chesapeake Bay skipjack. This area was once a thriving . . . — Map (db m98435) HM

Maryland (Caroline County), Denton — Moses and the HoundsHarriet Tubman Underground Railroad Byway
Growing up as a slave near Easton, MD, Moses Viney often heard, “The wild geese come from Canada, where all are free.“ When he was 23 years old, Moses learned he might be sold to a new owner in the Deep South. To avoid this fate, he and . . . — Map (db m79341) HM
Maryland (Caroline County), Denton — Neck Meeting House
Neck or Tuckahoe Neck Meeting House was built in 1802 by members of the Society of Friends who had been Nicholites, a sect that originated in Caroline County. The building was used as a house of worship and as a Friends School until 1897. The . . . — Map (db m5075) HM
Maryland (Caroline County), Denton — Neck Meeting House Native Garden
These native plants have evolved in this region over 10,000 years and are well adapted to the area's uniq;ue conditions. They contribute to the health and the environment by filtering pollutants, moderating storm water runoff and preventing . . . — Map (db m98436) HM
Maryland (Caroline County), Denton — Nest of TraitorsThe Denton Arrests
On August 17, 1862, the steamboat Balloon arrived at Denton wharf and disembarked a company of New York infantry and a troop of cavalry. The soldiers quickly arrested twelve prominent local citizens and transported them to imprisonment at . . . — Map (db m68428) HM
Maryland (Caroline County), Denton — On this spot Sept. 5, 1938 stood Franklin Delano Roosevelt
"It is the privilege of some of us to dream dreams, and some of us to carry out the dreams of others" — Map (db m3541) HM
Maryland (Caroline County), Denton — Revolution or Fraud?Emancipation in Caroline Co.
Maryland slaves were not freed by the Emancipation Proclamation of 1863, which excluded states that remained in the Union from its provisions. It was Maryland's new constitution, adopted by the narrow margin of 291 votes of almost 60,000 cast on . . . — Map (db m3389) HM
Maryland (Caroline County), Denton — Steamboats on the Choptank RiverConnecting Denton to the World
Steamboats carrying passengers and freight brought prosperity to Denton and Caroline County during the late 1800s and early 1900s. Caroline County's economy was based on agriculture. Farmers had to market their products. Steamboats quickly and . . . — Map (db m68429) HM
Maryland (Caroline County), Denton — Tuckahoe Neck Meeting House-Living Their BeliefsHarriet Tubman Underground Railroad Byway
The Quakers, also known as Friends, who met in this Meeting House not only held strong opinions on the abolition of slavery and women’s rights, but they also acted on those beliefs.

After 1790, the Friends who gathered here refused membership to . . . — Map (db m79354) HM

Maryland (Caroline County), Denton — William Still Center-Families Divided & UnitedHarriet Tubman Underground Railroad Byway
William Still’s mother Sidney and several of his siblings lived in a cottage on the plantation where they were enslaved. Sidney escaped with her children to join her husband in New Jersey, but she was soon recaptured and returned to Maryland. . . . — Map (db m79313) HM
Maryland (Caroline County), Federalsburg — Marshyhope Creek Bridge
Until it was named Federalsburg in 1812, the community took its name from the bridge at this crossing. This 215-foot concrete structure was built in 1910 by the Luten Bridge Company of York, Pennsylvania, a firm noted for its filled Spanderel . . . — Map (db m60467) HM
Maryland (Caroline County), Greensboro — Goldsborough House
Judge Laird Goldsborough lived here 1897-1970. As onetime Adjutant General of the Philippines he authored the Island's first constitution. Part of the house is of pre-revolutionary construction. Among other members of this Caroline County family . . . — Map (db m3394) HM
Maryland (Caroline County), Greensboro — Greensboro
Founded 1732 as Bridge-Town, then in Queen Anne's and Dorchester Counties. Named Greensboro 1791. Sessions of Caroline County Court held here November, December, 1778; June 1779; march, 1780. Choptank Bridge, the first across the river built near . . . — Map (db m3395) HM
Maryland (Caroline County), Greensboro — Greensboro-Threatened by IdeasHarriet Tubman Underground Railroad Byway
More than cargo flowed through commercial towns like Greensboro. Abolitionist ideas and freedom seekers on the move created tension within a society dependent on slavery.

Site of the northern-most bridge over the Choptank River, Greensboro . . . — Map (db m79356) HM

Maryland (Caroline County), Greensboro — Letter to LincolnChaos on the Eastern Shore
The war divided communities in Maryland, pitting neighbor against neighbor. During Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee's first invasion of the North, which ended at Antietam, a Greensboro resident wrote to President Abraham Lincoln for assistance on . . . — Map (db m3398) HM
Maryland (Caroline County), Greensboro — Peter HarringtonRevolutionary Officer, founder of Greensboro
Son of Nathan Harrington and grandson of Peter Rich, early landowners here. He served in 1778 as 2nd Lieutenant, 28th Battalion of Militia, Caroline County. In 1783, he successfully laid out town on tract called Ingram's Desire (efforts to sell lots . . . — Map (db m3396) HM
Maryland (Caroline County), Harmony — “Sailing Away to Freedom”-Glipin PointHarriet Tubman Underground Railroad Byway
Glipin’s Point was one of the busiest wharves along the Choptank River in Caroline County where steamboats and sailing vessels transported people, timber, agricultural products, and seafood. It sat just upriver from Dr. Anthony C. Thompson’s . . . — Map (db m79311) HM
Maryland (Caroline County), Harmony — William Richardson
Tomb of William Richardson Patriot Col. of the Flying Camp of the Maryland Line Hero of battles of Long Island and Harlem Heights 1776 — Map (db m79312) HM
Maryland (Caroline County), Hillsboro — Frederick DouglassTales of Horror
The anti-slavery movement was a major factor in the regional contention that led to the Civil War. During the 1840s and 1850s, no individual generated greater support in both America and Europe for that movement than Frederick Douglass. His eloquent . . . — Map (db m68430) HM
Maryland (Caroline County), Hillsboro — St. Paul’s Episcopal Church(St. John’s Parish)
Established 1748 at nearby Tuckahoe Bridge in Queen Anne's County. Congregation built church here in 1768, but it fell into decline as influence of Methodism grew on Eastern Shore. Under guidance of Rev. Robert William Goldsborough, present Gothic . . . — Map (db m3393) HM
Maryland (Caroline County), Marydel — This Sapling ...
This sapling from the over 400 year old oak tree (Quercus alba) at Wye Mills, MD Planted April 1976 — Map (db m73856) HM
Maryland (Caroline County), Preston — Charles Dickenson
Born here on Wiltshire Manor in Caroline County in 1780. Moved to Foxley Hall, Easton on 1795. He read law under Judge Marshall. He met Andrew Jackson traveling across the Eastern Shore to the United States Congress. He moved to Nashville Tennessee. . . . — Map (db m46119) HM
Maryland (Caroline County), Preston — Choptank
Before 1679, Indians had a settlement here. Present village stands on parts of tracts once known as Paradise, Belmont, Huntington and Gore. Community was "Leonard's Wharf" c. 1855 and "Medford's Wharf" later. In 1883 Choptank Post Office was . . . — Map (db m3375) HM
Maryland (Caroline County), Preston — Choptank Landing-Escape from Poplar NeckHarriet Tubman Underground Railroad Byway
While the Choptank River could pose a troublesome barrier to those without a boat, others used the river as a path to freedom.

Josiah Bailey, an enslaved logger and shipbuilder, rowed six miles up the river. His destination was Poplar Neck, . . . — Map (db m79172) HM

Maryland (Caroline County), Preston — Colonel William RichardsonBorn 1735, died 1825
Member Maryland Assembly 1773–76. Introduced bill forming Caroline County 1774 of which he was one of the Commissioners. Colonel of the “Flying Camp” of the Eastern Shore 1776. Fought at Harlem Heights. First Colonel 5th Maryland . . . — Map (db m3377) HM
Maryland (Caroline County), Preston — Escape from Poplar NeckHarriet Tubman Underground Railroad Byway
Harriet Tubman’s parents, Rit and Ben Ross, moved to Poplar Neck in 1847. Her father worked as a lumber foreman on Dr. Anthony C. Thompson’s 2,200 heavily forested acres. Harriet probably made her first escape from this place in 1849, and she . . . — Map (db m79173) HM
Maryland (Caroline County), Preston — Leverton House-Finding Safe HavenHarriet Tubman Underground Railroad Byway
Refugees from slavery came here for temporary sanctuary.

Under the cover of darkness, they crept across these fields toward the home of Quaker Jacob and Hannah Leverton. The house, a rare, documented Underground Railroad station, still stands at . . . — Map (db m79303) HM

Maryland (Caroline County), Preston — LinchesterCirca 1681
Since the establishment of Hunting Creek Grist Mill prior to 1681, a mill on this site has served farmers. Known during the Revolutionary War as Murray’s Mill, it supplied provisions to the Continental Army. Linchester also was a Colonial Port of . . . — Map (db m3366) HM
Maryland (Caroline County), Preston — Linchester Mill
Linchester Mill borders Hunting Creek, a tributary of the Choptank River flowing into the Chesapeake Bay. This historic site provided a crossing for Native Americans who traveled the Choptank Indian Trail; colonists en route to the first Choptank . . . — Map (db m79301) HM
Maryland (Caroline County), Preston — Linchester Mill-Living DangerouslyHarriet Tubman Underground Railroad Byway
Daily life at and around Linchester Mill provided fertile yet dangerous ground for those seeking freedom.

The mill, a general store, post office and homes at this site brought whites and blacks, free and enslaved, into regular contact. Freedom . . . — Map (db m79299) HM

Maryland (Caroline County), Preston — Mt. Pleasant Cemetery-Dangerous RendezvousHarriet Tubman Underground Railroad Byway
After Quakers sold their meetinghouse to the local black community in 1849, the new owners established Mt. Pleasant Methodist Episcopal Church. The original church building has since burned, but the modern day congregation still uses the . . . — Map (db m79178) HM
Maryland (Caroline County), Preston — Mt. Pleasant M. E. Church1864 - 1962
Mt. Pleasant M. E. Church served the communities of Preston, Elwood, Tanyard, Jonestown and Marsh Creek. The church grew spiritually and financially for many years fostering many local preachers.

Dedicated leaders of the Sunday School, choir, . . . — Map (db m98434) HM

Maryland (Caroline County), Preston — Preston
Started 1846 around Frazier's Chapel, an early Methodist Church, the land for which was purchased 1797. First called "Snowhill", the name was changed to Preston 1856, in honor of a prominent Baltimore lawyer. Preston was chartered as a town 1892. — Map (db m3365) HM
Maryland (Caroline County), Preston — Site of Frazier’s ChapelPreston, Maryland, 1785
Built by Rev. Freeborn Garrettson and Captain William Frazier. Early Methodist pastors included Jesse Lee, Joseph Everette and Bishops Francis Asbury and John Emory. Remodeled and named Bethesda 1849. Present church built 1875. Rebuilt 1958. — Map (db m3362) HM
Maryland (Caroline County), Preston — The Maryland Lot
. . . — Map (db m79174) HM
Maryland (Caroline County), Preston — The Underground RailroadSeed of War
Among the factors that contributed to the coming of the Civil War was the increasing animosity between Southerners and Northerners over the issue of slavery. The operation of the Underground Railroad to help slaves escape to the free North and . . . — Map (db m5411) HM
Maryland (Caroline County), Preston — Webb Cabin-Living FreeHarriet Tubman Underground Railroad Byway
Common in the mid-19th century, this cabin is a rare survivor today. James H. and Mary Ann Webb built this one-room house in the 1850s, using materials found in the surrounding landscape. Hand-hewn log walls rest on a foundation of ballast stones . . . — Map (db m79305) HM
Maryland (Caroline County), Ridgely — Adkins Arboretum-Slavery ArboretumHarriet Tubman Underground Railroad Byway
The forests and waterways of the Eastern Shore, traditional land of the Choptank and Nanticoke Indians, provided the backup for the austere home life, backbreaking labor, and dramatic escapes of enslaved blacks.

Hundreds of acres of white oak, . . . — Map (db m79355) HM


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