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Cecil County Markers
Maryland (Cecil County), Calvert — Brick Meeting House
William Penn set aside lot no. 30 (500 acres) of the “Nottingham Lots” in 1702 for a “common” and site of a “meeting house” as a bold move in the boundary line dispute with Lord Baltimore. It has been continuously used since the first log meeting house was erected in 1709. — Map (db m1753) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Calvert — Calvert Village
40 acre grant from William Penn in 1701 on which present East Nottingham Friends Meeting House built, 1724, with stone addition completed in 1752. Used as an American Army hospital in 1778. Cross Keys Tavern built in 1744, was mid-way on Old Baltimore-Philadelphia Pike. Village known as “East Nottingham”, “Brick Meeting House”, and “The Brick” before post office adopted present name in 1878. Lafayette’s Army camped in woods here April 12, 1781. White oak at . . . — Map (db m1756) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Cecilton — Greenfield
Georgian Manor House, built in the mid 1700’s on a 750 acre tract patented to John and Mary Ward in 1674, is noted for its architectural purity, fine paneling and woodwork. The Ward burying ground nearby also contains graves of Lusbys and Pascaults, later owners. • Greenfield is listed in the National Register of Historic Places. — Map (db m1569) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Charlestown — Captain Michael Rudulph
During Revolutionary War this daring officer commanded Cecil County troop of Lee’s Legion, the Calvary of Lieutenant Colonel Henry (Lighthorse Harry)Lee. Near here in 1778 Rudulph is said to have led squad disguised as poultry peddlers who boarded and captured British Man-of-War blockading the Port of Charlestown. His cousin, Major John (Fighting Jack) Rudulph also served with distinction in Lee’s Legion. — Map (db m1689) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Charlestown — Charlestown
Laid out and erected as a town by Act of Assembly in 1742 “there being as yet no such place settled at, or near the head of Chesapeake Bay.” George Washington records many visits to Charlestown in his diary. He lodged here August 10, 1795 and September 9, 1795. — Map (db m1685) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Charlestown — Lt. Col. Nathaniel Ramsay
Member of Council of Safety and Courageous Officer of the Maryland Line in Revolutionary War, native of Pennsylvania, Princeton Graduate (1767) and lawyer. He settled in brick house near this site after his marriage in 1771 to Margaret Jean Peale. In 1775 he and his brother-in-law, famed portrait painter and inventor Charles Wilson Peale, conducted experiments here in manufacturing of gunpowder. Serving under Washington in 1778, Ramsay was wounded at Monmouth, New Jersey, and taken prisoner by . . . — Map (db m1687) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Charlestown — Site of Charlestown Wharf
Stone wharf and warehouse were built here by Decree of General Assembly in 1744. Remains of wharf can be seen. Officer’s chests left behind by two Companies of Royal American Regiment quartered in winter of 1756-1757 were auctioned by town commissioners circa 1759. During Revolutionary War this was major supply depot for American armies. In 1813 British troops destroyed earthworks built to guard wharf and town. — Map (db m1688) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Charlestown — Susquehanna Manor(New Connaught Manor)
32000 acres granted to George Talbot with Right of Court Baron and Court Leet, June 11, 1680. — Map (db m1748) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Chesapeake City — “Bohemia Mannor”
Granted 1662 as 4000 acres in the “farr remote, then unknown wilderness” to Augustine Herman, native of Bohemia, for “making a mapp of this province” regranted 1663 as 6000 acres erected a manor in 1676. Not open to the public. — Map (db m7672) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Chesapeake City — “Labadie Tract”Comprising 3750 Acres
Obtained in 1684 from Augustine Herman by the religious sect called Labadists. Here they led an austere form of communistic life but disintegrated about 1698. — Map (db m1566) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Chesapeake City — A Historic Hub of Commerce
“Formerly known as the “Village of Bohemia,” Chesapeake City owes its existence to the Chesapeake and Delaware Canal. From the time work began on the canal in 1824, the village became a hub of activity and a thriving port, creating a community of wealthy merchants, bankers, caterers, canal administrators, teachers and others. Homes, stores, warehouses and shops sprung up as canal traffic increased. An Era of Change-When the federal government took over the C&O . . . — Map (db m69824) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Chesapeake City — B104 — Brady-Rees HouseC. 1870
This house is the best representation of a Victorian Gothic style home in town. It is 5 bays wide with a beautifully etched transom light adorning the front entrance. Henry Brady owned the mule teams that pulled the barges through the canal. Being one of the wealthiest businessmen in the town, Henry Brady promised his wife a fine new home if their next child (they had two daughters) was a son. This grand home is the result of that promise. Architectural details remain, both interior and . . . — Map (db m33589) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Chesapeake City — C & D Canal
Built 1824–1829 this former 13–5/8 mile long lock canal connected the Chesapeake and Delaware Bays, nearby Chesapeake City was the canal’s western terminus and steadily grew in the mid to late 19th century serving canal traffic. — Map (db m1563) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Chesapeake City — C&D Canal Museum
(Side one) This is the liftwheel pumping plant of the original Chesapeake & Delaware canal. From 1837 to 1927 its engines provided water for navigation between Chesapeake City, Maryland and Delaware City, Delaware. The canal was purchased in 1919 by the United States Government to become a link of the intracoastal waterway. The Corps of Engineers converted it to sea level between 1923 and 1927. Since then, this site has been a resident engineer depot. In 1965 the pumping plant was . . . — Map (db m69825) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Chesapeake City — B206 — Capt. Colmary-Salmon HouseC. 1848
This home is architecturally important as it is one of two mid 19th century dwellings with Greek Revival overtones. These buildings being two rooms deep were pace setters for other buildings in town. Captain Abraham Colmary built this house in 1848 prior to the Civil war while being a steamboat captain on the canal. It was considered appropriate for a steamboat captain's family. They operated the small steamboats that carried passengers and freight on a regular schedule. One route was Port . . . — Map (db m33578) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Chesapeake City — Chesapeake and Delaware Canal Tablet
This tablet is erected by the proprietors of the Chesapeake and Delaware Canal, to commemorate its completion on the 17th of October 1829; and to stand as a testimonial of their gratitude to James C. Fisher, President, and Thomas P. Cope, John K. Kane Robert M. Lewis, Isaac C. Jones, Robert Wharton, Thomas Fassitt, John Hemphill, Ambrose White, and William Platt, Directors of the Company. Secretary and Treasurer, Henry D. Gilpin; Engineer in Chief, Benjamin Wright; Engineer Resident, Daniel . . . — Map (db m69827) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Chesapeake City — B19 — Cropper HouseC. 1833
Over the years this building has served many purposes. Originally the building was the home of captain Kendall Cropper in 1833 who, along with his three brothers, were instrumental in founding the town. Dr. Thomas Conrey was another early owner of this property which he bought from Samuel Harris, a prosperous Delaware merchant, in 1858. this building was also a tin smith's shop, a pool hall, a post office and a gift shop. The Cropper house is important as a major element in the first block of . . . — Map (db m33559) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Chesapeake City — B204 — Dr. Smither's HouseC. 1848
Built by Firman Layman, this house is a prime example of original details from the late 1840's when the Greek Revival architecture was in vogue. Waitman Smithers, the toll collector and later superintendent of the C&D Canal, purchased the house in 1912. His son, Dr. Delmar Smithers, for whom the house is named, lived here with his family after his father's death and served the community as dentist. In 1966 Delmar passed away at the age of 92. he left the house to his two daughters, Elizabeth & . . . — Map (db m33579) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Chesapeake City — B98 — Franklin HallC. 1870
In Revolutionary times this site was occupied by the very popular Chick's Tavern, one of 2 buildings in Bohemia Village. In the 1800's the property was obtained by Thomas Conrey who constructed this Romanesque style building C. 1870 using locally made bricks. Over the years the buildings' sues included a hardware store and harness business with a stable in the lower back level. Later it was a dry-goods and the second floor was used for meetings, dances and band practices. The Chesapeake City . . . — Map (db m33590) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Chesapeake City — From Creek to Canal
Would you believe that the impressive stretch of water before you was once a creek? As early as the 17th century, settlers to the New World realized that the nation’s growth would depend upon transportation of goods by land and water. Recognizing that only a narrow strip of land separated two great bodies of water—the Chesapeake Bay and the Delaware River—early business leaders proposed a waterway to connect the two, shortening water travel between Baltimore and Philadelphia . . . — Map (db m69815) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Chesapeake City — C220 — Gassaway HouseC. 1860
The original lease for this property dated October 4, 1856 given to Henry Robinson. Robert & Evelyn Gassaway resided in and owned the property in the 1970's. Mr. Gassaway became the first African American mayor elected to that office by 80 percent of the voters. This home has the original wooden siding, pine floors and exposed beams in the living room and dining room. Beams in dining room are hand hewn beams salvaged from a cargo barge. — Map (db m33565) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Chesapeake City — G406 — Jennie Whiteoak HouseC. 1864
This home is recognized for having the "Dunnage" or scrap wood that was removed from passing ships and used as siding. Also called the Reeves House as Pop Reeve's lived here from 1951 to 1985. A complete restoration in the early 1990's brought this home back to life. The random width floors have been refinished and the exterior has been kept as it was many years ago. This home is one of the wider homes on this block making a very comfortable living area. — Map (db m33570) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Chesapeake City — B224 — Karsner-Wilsey House/OfficeC. 1884
Like it's neighbors this house is 3 story, 3 bay frame dwelling with a rear wing. Standing on a stone foundation, it is covered with weather-boards. Dr. William C. Karsner built this home c. 1884. He served the people of Chesapeake City and the surrounding countryside until 1914. Dr. Edward H. Wilsey opened his office here in 1915. Notice the close proximity to the neighbors homes and imagine which building was erected first and how? When you look at space between the houses the wood siding . . . — Map (db m33574) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Chesapeake City — G111 — Kinter-Metz House1854
Thomas Conrey probably had this house built around 1854 with lumber from his mill. In 1876 it came into the possession of Jacob Metz and his wife, Sarah. Mr. Metz was a blacksmith with a business on the corner of Front Street and William Street. This dwelling is typical of several on George Street. Its size, form and scale maintain the visual quality of the street. In 1983 the house was purchased from the Bethel African Methodist Church and restored by Thomas and Margaret Coulter. It was later . . . — Map (db m33563) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Chesapeake City — Long Bridge
A section of this fence was originally a railing on both sides of the "Long Bridge". this steel bridge, pictured here in 1906 was a center-pivot span operated manually with a large crank. It connected City Dock (now Pell Gardens) to the Causeway (now Corps of Engineers; property. It was constructed in 1829 and removed in 1931. The bridge tender Mr. Rube Hevelow lived in a home on 400 George Street. and a railing was used for fencing on that property. — Map (db m33591) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Chesapeake City — G400 — McReynolds-Woods HouseC. 1870
This home was occupied by several notable people over the years. The bridge tender for the long bridge, Mr. Hevelow, used the railing from the bridge to fence in the yard. Capt. Ed Sheridan operated the ferry which would transverse the canal, until the bridge was completed in 1945. The McReynolds family occupied the home from 1965 until 2005. During restoration, a copy of the "Elkton Appeal" newspaper dated Aug. 1, 1888 was found tucked in a rafter. Round of soup can tops were found neatly . . . — Map (db m33569) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Chesapeake City — B109 — National Bank of Chesapeake CityC. 1903
The National Bank of Chesapeake City was built in 1903 by the John Banks family. The exterior is Port Deposit granite and the interior still houses the original bank vault and tin ceilings. This massive granite building is two bays wide and three deep with a two story entrance tower, perhaps to make it seem like a real cornerstone within the community. This building remained an active bank for many years, from 1903 to 1986 when the County Bank moved to a larger property outside of town. It was . . . — Map (db m33582) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Chesapeake City — Pell Gardens1982
Pell Gardens was dedicated in October of 1982 to honor Dr. Walden Pell who with his wife Edith were instrumental in the early restoration of town buildings and establishing the Civic Association, both in the 1970s. Dr. Pell was headmaster of St. Andrew;s School in Middletown, DE from 1930 to 1957 before becoming parish priest at St. Augustine Parish, Chesapeake City, Maryland from 1963 to 1968. He previously served congregations in Singapore, Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos. The park was designed . . . — Map (db m33592) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Chesapeake City — B208 — Sarah Beaston HouseC. 1848
Sarah Beaston was a prominent business person in Chesapeake city (Bohemia Village) in the early 1800's. she had this house built circa 1848 as her retirement home. Previously, she owned and operated the Bayard House, having sold it to Richard Bayard in 1846. Sarah paid $147.00 for this lot to Richard Bayard in 1844. This house modeled after the Layman House at the base of Bohemia Avenue. Lot has undoubtedly seen much happiness and sadness as well. — Map (db m33576) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Chesapeake City — G-221 — Savin-Conrey House 1848
This building has been greatly altered since it was constructed. It maintains the continuity of the closely-built dwellings along George Street. This is another of the houses built by Thomas Conrey using the products of his mill on the causeway. In 1925, the Masons bought this little house as a home for a member's widow. Most important is the fact that it was used as the telephone exchange for the town in the room to the left in front, circa 1920-30's. The original restoration was in the . . . — Map (db m73780) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Chesapeake City — F401 — Shipwatch InnC. 1930
This waterfront property was originally built as a private residence in 1920 for Captain Firman Layman, proprietor of the Bayard House Restaurant. The property housed a stable, barber shop and apartments until 1996 when it was renovated and restored into an 8 guest room bed and breakfast. In February 2004, the new owners added two suites with jacuzzi tubs for guests seeking luxury and relaxation. Take a stroll out back to experience some of the best views of the canal. — Map (db m33561) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Chesapeake City — St. Augustine School
Still visible close by is the 20-foot square pre-1850 stone foundation for an historic school house. Rebuilt in 1880 at a cost of $488, this one room school was typical of those found in rural 19th century Cecil County. The Maryland State Teachers Association marked their 100th anniversary in 1966 by dedicating the old school that previously existed here. — Map (db m9663) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Chesapeake City — St. Augustine’s Church
First called “Mannour Chappel” a chapel of ease of North Sassafras Parish. Established in Bohemia Manor in compliance with an act of the Maryland Assembly, 1692. Erected as a separate parish in 1744. — Map (db m1565) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Chesapeake City — G301 — Steele-Davis HouseC. 1872
This Federal-Italianate home was originally a two story school house and Odd Fellows lodge. In 1872, the three story front section was built by Joseph Hedrick, the official of the C&D Canal. In 1879, Mr. Hedrick was caught using canal funds to finance the work; he left the country and the house was sold at public auction. Joseph Steele purchased the home and erected the iron fence which bears the Steele name. In 1926, the Howard family purchased the home. Their daughter, Eloise, married Dr. . . . — Map (db m36720) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Chesapeake City — G327 — Stubbs-Caldwell HouseC. 1874
Built by Richard B. stubbs, this is one of the few buildings which have gables attached to the facade, giving it a Victorian Gothic element. The one story angled porch follows the configuration of the facade and bay window, creating a semi-octagonal porch. This home was the first office for Dr. H.V. Davis, the town's long time general practitioner. The Caldwell's owned the home from 1916 to 1998. the Moore family purchased the home in that year and renovation was completed in 2001. — Map (db m33571) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Chesapeake City — B11 — The Bayard Housec. 1780
The building is considered to be the oldest building in Chesapeake City. Charles and Sarah Beaston purchased Bayard House in 1809 and opened as a tavern and inn in 1829. The tavern was run by Firman Layman until his death in 1881. In 1911, it was called The Harriot Hotel. The local claim to fame is the "Hole in the Wall Bar". The name comes from a hole in the back of the bar where blacks would be served by reaching their hands in to receive a drink. The handsome brick building was meticulously . . . — Map (db m51000) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Chesapeake City — G224 — The Whiteoak HouseC. 1840
Architecturally the Whiteoak House is representative of vernacular buildings constructed in Chesapeake City in the 1840's and 50's. Old timers in Chesapeake City claim this house rests on the 1st lot sold in town. In 1854, Richard Bayard leased the property to Absolom Cropper, a boat captain for $400.00, in 1867 Absalom Cropper transferred the land to James Porter, a farmer. The Smithers family came into ownership through the wills of James Porter and his heir, Margaret Porter. Dr. Delmar . . . — Map (db m33572) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Chesapeake City — B108 — Town HallC. 1914
Ralph Rees built this commercial building to house his hardware store around 1914. Like many early twentieth century commercial front buildings, only the pressed tin facade raises two stories. This building housed Rees hardware store and an agency for Oakland Cars (which was the first dealership in Cecil County) and also the American Store. Restorations began in the 1980's when it was obtained by a cabinet maker. In 2002 the Town of Chesapeake City purchased the building, completed restoration and converted it into town hall. — Map (db m33588) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Chesapeake City — World War I Monument
This tablet is dedicated by the people of Chesapeake City and the Second Election District of Cecil County, Maryland To those of their number who offered their lives in defense of humanity in the Great War of Nations 1914 - 1918 Roll of Honor Lest we forget Killed in Action John Hager • Eugene Hevlow • William Slicher Died of Disease George Mercer • William Bowie Veterans Carl Axford • Charles C. Banks • John Banks • Roland C. Bedwell • Linden R. Bell • Walter Blair • Raymond C. Blanchfield • . . . — Map (db m33585) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Chesapeake City — World War II Monument
In grateful tribute to the men and women of the Second district who served in World War II Glory to them that died in this great cause Basalyga, Walter • Bailey, Harry • Cahall, William K. • Fithian, Albert • Gilbert, Robert • Heverin, Willard P. • Insolo, John • Johnson, Arthur • Schrader, Pierce • Wallis John • Wallis, William • Wharton, James H. — Map (db m33567) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Colora — This Tablet is in Commemoration
This Tablet is in Commemoration of Richard Stockton and Dr. Benjamin Rush signers of the Declaration of Independence and students of West Nottingham Academy. Stockton from 1743 to 1748 - Rush from 1751 to 1756. — Map (db m1762) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Colora — West Nottingham Academy
Founded 1744 by by Samuel Finley, Presbyterian Minister and a native of County Armagh, Ireland. He remained in charge of the academy and church until 1761 when he was chosen President of the College of New Jersey, now Princeton University. — Map (db m1761) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Colora — West Nottingham Academy
Founded 1744 by by Rev. Sam’l Finley a Presbyterian Minister and a native of Armaugh County, Ireland. He remained in charge of the academy and church until 1761 when he was chosen President of the College of New Jersey, now called “Princeton.” — Map (db m1807) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Conowingo — A Susquehannock Indian Fort
A Susquehannock Indian fort located at this point was an important factor in the boundary line controversy between Lord Baltimore and William Penn in 1683. — Map (db m1804) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Conowingo — Bald Friar Ford & Ferry
Near Pilot, two and one-half miles northwest of this point, lies the site of a Susquehanna fording used by Indians before the coming of the white man. By 1695, a barge provided ferry service to the colonists. The Conowingo Lake now covers the site. On April 12, 1781, Lafayette moved his troops south by way of this ford, followed by Rochambeau’s Artillery and baggage detachments on September 10 of the same year. — Map (db m1806) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Conowingo — Richards Oak
General Lafayette and his army camped arount this tree April 12, 1781. A Civil War cavalry unit later occupied the site. The oak, over 500 years old was owned by the Thomas Richards family for over a century. A huge limb fell August 1964, splitting the trunk, in 1965 the tree measured 85' in height 24' in girth and 115' in spread. Tree preserved 1922-1960 by Hytheham Club, Port Deposit. Restored 1965 by Historical Society of Cecil County. — Map (db m1758) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Conowingo — The Proprietors of the Susquehanna Canal
The corporate title of the company authorized in 1783 to build one of the first inland waterways in America. The bed of this canal and some of its stone locks are still visible near this road. — Map (db m1801) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Earleville — BohemiaFormerly Milligan Hall
Home of George Milligan (1720–1783), Scotch trader, purchased from his son, Robert, by Louis McLane (1784–1857) who represented Delaware in the United States House and Senate, was Minister to Great Britain, Secretary of the Treasury, Secretary of State, and President of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. • Not open to the public. — Map (db m1568) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Earleville — Cherry Grove
Ancestral home of the DeVeazie (Veazey) family; patented to John Veazey circa 1670. His descendant, Colonel Thomas Ward Veazey defended Duffy’s Fort, Fredericktown, from the British fleet May 5, 1813, and served as Governor of Maryland, 1836–1839. He is buried here in the family graveyard with his three wives. Not open to the public. — Map (db m1705) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Earleville — Essex Lodge
Granted to Samuel Brocus, whose daughter Susannah married, circa 1700, Edward Veazey. Their son, Colonel John Veazey, Sr., was Chief Military Officer of Cecil County and a Justice and Judge for 22 years. His eldest son, Edward, was High Sheriff of Cecil County, 1732-1753; his fourth son, Dr. Thomas Brocus Veazey, inherited from him Essex Lodge and married the daughter of Reverend William Thompson, Rector of St. Stephen's Church. Not open to the public. — Map (db m1703) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Earleville — Hazelmore
Land originally granted to Phillip Calvert, Chancellor of Maryland, and wife, Anne, in 1658. Richard Low, gentleman of Virginia, purchased tract known as "Hazelmore" and adjacent land "The Grove" in 1665. Bought by Abraham Wild, trader and mariner of England, in 1670. Edward Warner, of London, purchased plantation in 1701 and gave to son Richard in 1722. Now a private community known as Hazelmoor that originated from the Chesapeake Land Improvement Company. — Map (db m19448) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Earleville — Mount Harmon PlantationTobacco Prize House and Wharf
Originally owned by Godfrey Harmon, then by James Paul Heath; subsequent to 1760 the home of James Louttit, Sr. and Jr., and Sidney George, Jr., Patriots. Vestrymen on St. Stephen’s Church, and contributors, 1782, to the original endowment of Washington College, Chestertown, Maryland. — Map (db m1698) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Earleville — Mount Pleasant
Built by Dr. John Thompson Veasey, 1825, “of Mount Harmon” as he was known, who, with Colonel Thomas Ward Veasey assisted in the defense of Duffy’s Fort, 1813. He was a greatnephew of George Ross, signer of the Declaration of Independence. His son, Thomas Brocus Veasey, was captured and shot by Cubans during the Lopez Expedition, 1851. Not open to the public. — Map (db m1699) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Earleville — North Sassafras Parish(Episcopal)
Established by Act of Assembly in 1692. The first vestry met January 10, 1693 in the Court House at Ordinary Point. The Parish Church was “dedicated to the honor of Saint Stephen”, March 25, 1706. Rebuilt 1737, 1823 and 1873. — Map (db m1701) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Earleville — Rose Hill
Home of General Thomas Marsh Forman (1758–1845), Aide to General William Alexander, known as Lord Stirling, and a representative in the General Assembly, 1790 and 1800. He served with Major George Armistead, Fort McHenry, 1814. A later owner, William Ward, represented Cecil County in the General Assembly, 1875, and married Charlotte Ringgold Knight of Essex Lodge. Not open to the public. — Map (db m1697) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Earleville — St. Francis Xavier Church“Old Bohemia”
→ 2 Miles → Founded 1704 by Rev. Thomas Mansell, S.J., one of the earliest permanent Catholic establishments in the English Colonies. Bohemia Academy Founded 1745 by Rev. Thomas Pulton, S.J. attended by Charles Carroll of Carrollton, a signed of the Declaration of Independence, and his cousin John Carroll, first Catholic Bishop in the U.S. — Map (db m1572) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Earleville — St. Peters Episcopal Church BellFrom Cecilton Chapel Belfry
This Bell hung in the Cecilton Chapel belfry for many years. During the winter months it was rung each Sunday morning at service time. When the warm weather returned, services resumed here. With the demolition of the Chapel, the bell was stored until the summer of 2010 when it was relocated here. Pedestal design and remounting by John Parlier Communicant/Vestryman — Map (db m68037) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Earleville — The Anchorage
Home of the Lusbys in the early 1700’s. Ruth Lusby and Commodore Jacob Jones married in 1821. Made the Anchorage their home and enlarged it in 1835. Jones served on the “Philadelphia” when it ran aground at Tripoli and commanded the sloop “Wasp” during the War of 1812. — Map (db m1567) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Earleville — WoodlawnFormerly "Neighbour’s Grudge"
The 305 acre farm of William Ward. He gave a tract called “North Levell” on which stands St. Stephen’s Church. His descendant, Henry Veazey Ward, was Consul General for the Republic of Chile. Another, Juliana Veazey Ward, married Dr. George Read Pearce on “Pearce’s Neck,” grandson of George Read, signer of the Declaration of Independence. Not open to the public. — Map (db m1696) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Elkton — "O! say can you see..."Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
The Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail traces the War of 1812 in the Chesapeake. Along the trail you'll encounter tangible evidence of the war and stories that bring the people and events to life. Discover the far-reaching impacts of the war on this country and the world.

Experience the Trail • Drive through rural landscapes and historic communities • Paddle or cruise waterways where British and American troops once traveled • Witness battles at reenactment events . . . — Map (db m73839) HM

Maryland (Cecil County), Elkton — “New Munster”
A tract of 6,000 acres laid out in 1683 by George Talbot (then surveyor-general of Maryland for Edwin O’Dwire and 15 other Irishmen. Its northern boundary extended into what is now the State of Pennsylvania. — Map (db m1763) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Elkton — “Partridge Hill”Built c. 1760
Home of Henry Hollingsworth, merchant, legislator and colonel of Elk Battalion of Militia in Revolutionary Way as Commissary for the Eastern Shore. He obtained supplies for the Americans and French allies embarking near here in 1781 on voyage down Elk River and Chesapeake Bay to Virginia, where they engaged the British under Cornwallis. Hollingsworth and other patriots had pledged their fortunes to supply cattle, flour and boats for the armies of Washington, Lafayette and Rochambeau. — Map (db m1473) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Elkton — Blue Ball Tavern
Established about 1710 on Lot No. 35 of “The Nottingham Lots” by Andrew Job who secured it from William Penn. Job’s son, Thomas married Elizabeth Maxwell, niece of Daniel Defoe who wrote “Robinson Crusoe.” — Map (db m1765) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Elkton — Cecil County Doughboy Monument
This monument is erected by the people of Cecil County in grateful recognition of the services of the men and women of this county who, on land or at sea served their country in the Great World War - 1914 - 1918 - and in especial remembrance of the men of this county who in that war, "Laid down their lives that others might live." — Map (db m3569) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Elkton — Creswell Hall
The home of John A. J. Creswell who nominated James Buchanan for President in 1856 and turned Republican in 1861. He was successively Assistant-Adjutant General of Maryland, member of the House of Representatives, Senator and Postmaster by appointment by President Grant. — Map (db m1773) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Elkton — ElktonOriginally called “Head of Elk”
Lafayette embarked his troops March 8, 1781 to capture Benedict Arnold. Returned April 9, began overland march to Virginia April 12, 1781. Washington and Rochambeau with their combined forces stopped Sept. 6-7, 1781 on way to Yorktown. — Map (db m1474) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Elkton — Elkton, Wedding Capital of the East
In the early 20th century, Maryland had no waiting period for issuing marriage licenses, and couples from throughout the Northeast flocked to Elkton—the first county seat south of the State line—where they could be married without delay. Independent wedding chapels lined Main Street. In 1936, the town issued 11,791 marriage licenses. Two years later, the State adopted a 48-hour wait, but the tradition endured. As late as the 1970’s as many as 6,000 couples were wed here in a year. — Map (db m1935) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Elkton — Fighting BackStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
British raiders traveled along rivers to Upper Bay towns in 1813. Elkton, at the head of Elk River, expected to be a target, because it could be a landing site for an advance on Philadelphia. Citizens of Elkton built three earthen forts and placed a chain across the river for defense. On April 29 they fended off a British assault. Focusing on easier targets, the British then struck Frenchtown, Havre de Grace, Fredericktown, Georgetown and Queenstown in quick succession. On July 12, 1814, . . . — Map (db m73837) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Elkton — Frenchtown
Frenchtown, one mile west of this marker, was an important link in the north-south travel route during the 18th and 19th centuries. As a depot, it was burned by the British under Admiral Cockburn on April 29, 1813. — Map (db m1526) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Elkton — Hollingsworth House
About 1750 Zebulon Hollingsworth built the approximately 30 x 30 foot left hand section as a brick two story dwelling. In the mid-1800s it was gutted by fire and rebuilt as three stories with a low pitched roof. Also the two story right hand side addition was added and the entire structure stuccoed, Renovation is being supported by: Associated Cecil Endeavors. — Map (db m69814) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Elkton — Holly Hall
Built c. 1810–1820 by James Sewall. He was Clerk of Cecil County Court 1805–1841; Brigade Major of Maryland Militia and a Commander at nearby Fort Defiance in War of 1812; one of founders of Trinity Episcopal Church, Elkton in 1832. — Map (db m1478) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Elkton — Mitchell House
Built in 1769 as the home of Dr. Abraham Mitchell, noted physician. During the Revolutionary War he converted the house into a hospital for the use of wounded soldiers of the Continental Army. General Lafayette was a friend of the Mitchell family and visited here. — Map (db m877) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Elkton — New Castle and Frenchtown Railroad1832–1853
One of the earliest in the United States, the line ran from New Castle on the Delaware River, crossed the highway here, and extended to Frenchtown on the Elk River 1 1/2 miles west of this point. — Map (db m1564) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Elkton — Old Post RoadEstablished 1666
Where it crosses the Mason and Dixon Line, dividing the States of Maryland and Delaware. Run 1763–1767. — Map (db m1645) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Elkton — Rock Presbyterian Church
Founded 1720 in North Milford Hundred, Cecil County, Maryland. First called New Erection on the Branches of Elk River, then Elk River Church, Great Elk, upper Elk and, since 1793, Rock. Present church erected 1761 remodeled in 1844 and 1900. — Map (db m1764) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Elkton — Site of Fort Defiance
About one eighth mile south east on Elk River, American forces here and at Fort Hollingsworth (Elk Landing) repulsed the British under Admiral Cockburn in their attempt to capture Elkton, April 29, 1813. — Map (db m1644) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Elkton — Site of Fort Hollingsworth
About three tenths mile south at Elk Landing, American forces here and at Fort Defiance, about one mile below on Elk River, repulsed the British under Admiral Cockburn in their attempt to capture Elkton, April 29, 1813. — Map (db m2228) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Elkton — The Hermitage
Part of Friendship Tract and home of Robert Alexander, delegate to the Provincial Convention of 1774 and to the Continental Convention of 1776. On August 25, 1777, he was host to Washington here and three days later offered allegiance to British General Howe. A devoted Loyalist, he left his wife and lived in London until his death. His estate which included most of the present town of Elkton was confiscated and sold, but his wife retained this house. — Map (db m1475) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Elkton — War in the ChesapeakeStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
During the War of 1812 the young United States was embroiled in conflict with Great Britain. From 1812 to 1815 Americans fought to protect their rights and economic independence. They faced superior enemy forces on the homefront and the high seas.

The strategically important Chesapeake Bay region felt the brunt of the war, choked by shipping blockades and ravaged by enemy raids. The events in this region were crucial to the outcome of the war.

Though there was no clear victor at the end of . . . — Map (db m73838) HM

Maryland (Cecil County), Elkton — Wilna
Boyhood home of William Whann Mackall. Appointed to the U. S. Military Academy in 1834, resigned from the U. S. Army. Joined the confederacy and served on the staffs of Generals Albert Sydney Johnson, Braxton Bragg and Joseph E. Johnston. General Macall surrendered at Macon, Georgia, April 20, 1865. — Map (db m1735) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Frederickstown — Fort Duffy
Erected to honor the heroism of the men who so bravely defended Fort Duffy and Fredericktown against the British Fleet May 5, 1813 Colonel Thomas Ward Veazey, commanding Samuel Wroth, D.F. Heath; Moses Cannon; Nicholas Franks; John W. Etherington; Joshua Ward; Dormer Oaks; John Etherington; John V. Price; Elias See; John T. Veazey; David Paget; Tylus Robinson; P. Biddle; James Council; Joseph Hovington; James Darley; James Clayton; Sergeant R. C. Lusby; Lieutenant John Henderson; Captain . . . — Map (db m62347) WM
Maryland (Cecil County), Fredericktown — Sassafras River
Discovered and explored by Capt. John Smith 1607–1609 who named it Tockwough River after the tribe of Indians who inhabited its banks. Tockwough was the original Indian name for Sassafras, a root from which they made a form of bread. — Map (db m1695) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), North East — Gilpin’s Falls Covered Bridge
Built circa 1860, the bridge is one of the few covered ones left in Maryland and the only one on public ground in Cecil County. The area to the East has been the site of several mills, the earliest Samuel Gilpin’s flour mill circa 1735. • Bridge restored 1959 through the joint effort of the State Roads Commission and the Historical Society of Cecil County, led by Fletcher P. Williams, Past President. — Map (db m1692) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), North East — North East
George Talbot of Susquehanna Manor renamed North East River, “The River Shannon.” The iron forges of the Principio Company were located here. Saint Mary Ann’s Parish Church is one of the oldest in Cecil County. Russell, one of the owners of the Principio Company, lived nearby. — Map (db m1690) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), North East — Overlook of General Howe’s Landing
On August 25, 1777, after a month’s voyage from New York, 15,000 British troops led by Sir William Howe disembarked on the shores of the Elk River approximately 2 miles east of this site. The fleet of 300 vessels which had transported them was under command of the General’s brother, Admiral Richard Howe. Heavy thunderstorms subsided the night of August 27 when the British began their cautious march toward Philadelphia along both sides of the Elk. On September 11, they engaged and defeated Washington's army in the Battle of Brandywine. — Map (db m1693) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), North East — St. Mary Anne’s ChurchNorth Elk Parish – 1706
The building, erected 1742, is one of the oldest in Cecil County. The cornerstone bears the initials of the Rector and Vestrymen at that time. Communion vessels, a bible and a book of common prayer presented 1718 by Queen Anne of England still are used for special services. — Map (db m1691) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Perryville — BrooklandLand Grant by Lord Baltimore, 1732
To present log wing, believed built in 1735, George Gale added fieldstone section c. 1781. Further additions to house were made in 19th century. Gale, born in Somerset County in 1756, served in Continental Army during Revolutionary War. Was member of Maryland Convention which ratified Federal Constitution (1788) and was elected to first U. S. Congress (1789). He died here in 1815, is buried nearby at St. Mark’s Church. — Map (db m1648) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Perryville — Count de Rochambeau’s Troops
Crossed the Susquehanna River in five divisions and made their 23rd camp here at the end of August 1782 on the return from Yorktown victory to the north. — Map (db m1647) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Perryville — Old Post Road: Lower Susquehanna Ferry
Old Post Road established 1666. Lower Susquehanna Ferry established 1695. Rodgers’ Tavern where George Washington frequently stopped between 1781–1798. — Map (db m1482) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Perryville — PerryvilleOne Week After the War Began
On April 18-19, 1861, a week after the bombardment of Fort Sumter, South Carolina, Confederate sympathizers attacked U.S. Army forces en route to Washington in Baltimore, 35 miles southwest of here. On the second day shots were fired and soldiers died. Telegraph service was cut off; railroad bridges south of the Susquehanna River were burned, and Washington was in danger of isolation in Confederate territory. In response, Cecil County Unionists guarded the rail lines, hoisting U. S. flags along . . . — Map (db m1484) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Perryville — Rodgers Tavern
In memory of Colonel John Rodgers 1726-1791 Patriot-Innkeeper and friend of Washington ___________________________ Organized and Commanded 5th Co. MD. Militia, 1776 — Map (db m69167) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Perryville — Striking a BlowStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
After burning much of Havre de Grace May 3, 1813, British raiders crossed the Susquehanna to Cecil County. At Principio Iron Works they captured a five-gun battery and destroyed the foundry complex and the bridge across Principio Creek. More than 40 finished cannon were also lost to the American war effort that day. Strategic Target Principio began operation in 1725 and by 1727 had Maryland's first blast furnace and refinery forge. By 1796 it supplied cannon for the U.S. Navy and . . . — Map (db m73790) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Perryville — The Principio Company
A leading iron producer during the Colonial period, Principio held Maryland’s first blast furnace, operating 1725, and first refinery forge, constructed 1728. After the American Revolution, Principio made cannons and other ordnance until the British destroyed the complex in a raid during the War of 1812. The Whitaker Family revived the operation in 1837, and Principio remained an active iron manufacturing site for much of the nineteenth century. — Map (db m1481) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Port Deposit — Adams Hall
Adams Hall erected 1900 as the gymnasium of the Senior School for Girls of the The Jacob Tome Institute. In 1983 it became the Town Hall of the town of Port Deposit. — Map (db m64911) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Port Deposit — Bainbridge Naval Training Center
Dedicated To The Men of Bainbridge Naval Training Center Who Learned Their Seamanship Upon the Waters of The Susquehanna. Partners in The Victory of WWII — Map (db m64914) WM
Maryland (Cecil County), Port Deposit — Cummings Tavern
Count de Rochambeau’s heavy artillery and baggage train camped here September 9, 1781 before fording the Susquehanna at Bald Friar and proceeding to join the main army on the Philadelphia Road. — Map (db m1766) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Port Deposit — Flight 605
In memory of the passengers and crew that perished near here on Eastern Airlines Flight 605 May 30, 1947 — Map (db m49135) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Port Deposit — Gerry House
Built 1813, probably by Daniel Megredy. Lafayette was entertained here in 1824. Later owned by Cornelius Smith (1792–1858), farmer and philanthropist who financed road construction to create jobs for the unemployed and aided public education in Port Deposit. Smith willed house in 1858 to his stepgrandson, Lucius A. C. Gerry, who saw action in the Civil War as Artillery Officer in Capt. Alonzo Snow’s Battery B. — Map (db m1771) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Port Deposit — John A. J. Creswell
Born at this house at Creswell’s Ferry, now Port Deposit, in 1828, John Creswell graduated from Dickinson College and became a lawyer. He was elected to the General Assembly in 1861, became Adjutant General in 1862, was elected to Congress that same year and to the United States Senate in 1864. He served as President Grant’s Postmaster General from 1869 to 1874, in charge of Republican Party patronage, he returned to Elkton where he was the acknowledged head of the State’s Republican Party until his death in 1891. — Map (db m1772) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Port Deposit — Naval Training Center Bainbridge, MD1942-1976
In Tribute to the Men and Women Who Passed Through Her Gates To Answer Their Country’s Call. Proudly Presented by the USNTC Bainbridge Association — Map (db m64913) WM
Maryland (Cecil County), Port Deposit — Rock Run MillBuilt circa 1725
Owned by John Steel, this grist mill was in successful operation as early as 1731. At the same period a ferry was operated about one-half mile downstream at a crossing known as Upper Ferry. — Map (db m1768) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Port Deposit — Site of Chapel-of-Ease
To St. Mary Anne’s Church, North Elk Parish, North East, Maryland. Built in 1733, the oldest remaining gravestone in 1968 records the death of Thomas Shepherd, August 28, 1742. — Map (db m1767) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Port Deposit — Site of Woodlawn Camp Meeting
Established by the Methodist Episcopal Church in 1871, the camp was a popular center of religious and social life. Political candidates and vacationers attended the two-week meetings in August. Its forty-two year era ended in 1913. — Map (db m24111) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Port Deposit — Smith’s Falls
In 1608 Captain John Smith ascended the Susquehanna River until stopped by the rocks. On his map he calls this point “Smyths Fales” marking it by a X which he explains as meaning “hath bin discovered what beyond is by relation.” — Map (db m1802) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Port Deposit — Snow’s Battery
On August 30, 1861 Battery B of the Union Army under the command of Capt. Alonzo Snow was organized at Port Deposit, composed mainly of men from this town and vicinity. The Battery rendered important service to the Federal forces in the Civil War. Notably artillery support in two bloody battles of 1862, Malvern Hill on the James River in Virginia and Antietam near Sharpsburg in Maryland. — Map (db m1769) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Port Deposit — U. S. NTC Bainbridge
This monument is dedicated to shipmates of the Navy, Marine Corps and Coast Guard assigned to the U. S. Naval Training Center from 1942 to 1975. — Map (db m21063) WM
Maryland (Cecil County), Port Deposit — Veterans Memorial
Dedicated to those Men and Women of this Community who served our Country in times of Peace and War. Donated to the People of Port Deposit MD by V.F.W. Post 8185 — Map (db m64912) WM
Maryland (Cecil County), Port Deposit — Washington Hall
Directly across the street stood Washington Hall. The Institute's first building erected 1894 by Jacob Tome (1810-1898) founder and benefactor of The Tome School — Map (db m25581) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Rising Sun — In Memory of the Unknown Soldiers
In memory of the Unknown Soldiers buried at Brick Meetinghouse while it was used as a hospital in 1778. — Map (db m1789) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Rising Sun — The Nottingham Lots
37 lots of approximately 500 acres each given by William Penn to his colonists in 1702 although they lay in Maryland and were part of George Talbot’s “Susquehanna Manor” of 32,000 acres granted him in 1680 by Lord Baltimore. — Map (db m1760) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Warwick — “Worsell Mannor”1000 Acres
Patented 5th June, 1685, to Major Peter Sayer, a prominent Catholic. Later acquired by the Heath Family. On 14th May, 1773, George Washington “din’d and lodg’d at Mr. DL. Heath’s” taking his stepson Jackie Custis to King’s College, N.Y. (Columbia University). Gov. Eden accompanied them to Philadelphia to attend the races. — Map (db m65392) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Warwick — Colonists' Wrought Iron CrossSt Francis Xavier Church
This replica of the Maryland Colonists’ Wrought Iron Cross of 1634 stands directly over the south foundation wall of the original house-chapel-academy building (circa 1720-1745) — Map (db m69828) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Warwick — George Washington
Visited Warwick Feby, 1756, March 1756. “Din’d and lodg’d at Mr. D’L Heath’s May 1773. Passed through Sept, 9 and Oct. 28, 1774. Breakfasted March 23, 1791 and again in September 1793.” — Map (db m1575) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Warwick — James Rumsey
The inventor of the steam boat was born 1743 two miles north of this point in “Middle Neck”. George Washington showed much interest in Rumsey’s experiments and made him superintendent of “The Potomac Company.” — Map (db m1574) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Warwick — St. Francis Xavier Church“Old Bohemia”
→ 2 Miles → Founded 1704 by Rev. Thomas Mansell, S.J., one of the earliest permanent Catholic establishments in the English Colonies. Bohemia Academy Founded 1745 by Rev. Thomas Pulton, S.J. attended by Charles Carroll of Carrollton, a signed of the Declaration of Independence, and his cousin John Carroll, first Catholic Bishop in the U.S. — Map (db m1573) HM
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