|Texas (Coke County), Bronte — 517 — Bronte|
|Eastern gateway to Permian Basin, in Coke County called Oso and Broncho in early 1880's. Formally named for English novelist Charlotte Bronte, in 1890, incorporated 1907.
Basic agricultural economy, predominately ranching. Site of major oil and gas development since 1948. — Map (db m77860) HM|
|Texas (Coke County), Bronte — Bronte Depot|
|Built by local stonemason James C. Lammers (1874-1942), this depot was completed in 1911, two years after the first train arrived in Bronte. Built of locally quarried materials, the depot features stone lintels and window sills and a red tile roof. Originally owned by the Kansas City, Mexico, & Orient Railway, the Bronte Depot was sold in 1928 to the Atchison, Topeka, & Santa Fe Railway Company, which discontinued operations here in 1967.
Recorded Texas Historical Landmark - 1989 — Map (db m12236) HM|
|Texas (Coke County), Bronte — Bronte Veterans Memorial|
(Front Side, Center Panel)
Dedicated to the veterans of all wars who freely and courageously joined in the great world-wide conflicts for the preservation of peace freedom and democracy
Killed in Action
Verdon T. Allen • Joey Lee Boles • Richard L. Briscoe • James Caudle • Richard I. Collier • Claude O. Ditmore, Jr. • James M. Eubanks • Dean E. Hallmark • George C. (Lum) Hines • Jesse (Cotten) Hudman • Chester Kiker, Jr. • A. James Kunkel • Pammie Z. Landers • Percy Lord . . . — Map (db m18739) HM|
|Texas (Coke County), Bronte — 1973 — Fort Chadbourne|
|Established by the United States Army, October 28, 1852, as a protection to frontier settlers against Indians. Named in honor of
Lieutenant T.L. Chadbourne,killed at Resaca de la Palma, May 9, 1846. Occupied by Federal troops, 1852-1859; 1865-1867. An important station on the Butterfield Overland stage route, 1858-1861. — Map (db m77861) HM|
|Texas (Coke County), Bronte — 2637 — Indian Rock Shelters|
|Throughout this area during the last several centuries, rock ledges gave protection to Lipan Kickapoo, Comanche, and Kiowa Indians. In one typical shelter archeologists found evidence of 3 periods of occupation, plus numerous intricate petroglyphs (rock carvings). River shells, turkey and deer bones, flint knives, scrapers, and points lay about the area. One of several hearths (2' x 3' in size) consisted of small pieces of sandstone lining a natural rock trough. On the highest level was found . . . — Map (db m77615) HM|
|Texas (Coke County), Bronte — 4374 — Route of the Southern Overland Mail Line|
|One mile southeast to Fort Chadbourne, a station on the Butterfield Mail and Stage Line, which linked St. Louis and San Francisco, 1858-1861. The fort was established in 1852, occupied until its surrender to State forces in 1861, and garrisoned at times after the Civil War. — Map (db m77943) HM|
|Texas (Coke County), Bronte — 4983 — Southern Overland Mail, 1858-1861 — (Butterfield Stage)|
|Passed near this site, providing for the first time combined passenger and mail service between Pacific and Atlantic Coasts. Operating west from St. Louis and Memphis, John Butterfield’s company used 1350 horses and mules and 90 Concord coaches and wagons.
Stage traveled at a run, despite lack of good roads. A signal given approaching a station would have fresh horses ready and food on the table for crew and passengers. Route had stations 12 to 113 miles apart, and was sometimes changed . . . — Map (db m77944) HM|
|Texas (Coke County), Robert Lee — Henry Davis Pearce — (June 4, 1845 - December 8, 1911)|
|Born in Illinois. Came to Texas 1856. Joined Confederate Army in New Orleans, 1861; fought in siege of Vicksburg (1863), in Battle of Mansfield (1864), and at Pleasant Hill, LA., where he was captured. Exchanged at Blair's Landing, he served to end of war. He wrote history of Confederate veterans. Married Sarah Elizabeth Pride. Had eight children. Pioneered and helped organize Runnels County. He moved to Robert Lee, Coke County, in 1906. — Map (db m18741) HM|
|Texas (Coke County), Robert Lee — Robert Lee Cemetery|
|Established in 1891, two years after the founding of the city of Robert Lee, developers L. B. Harris and Eugene Cartledge, as president and secretary of the Austin & Northern Land & Cattle Company, on Sept. 29, 1892, sold for $1.00 this 11.7-acre burial ground. Already site of several graves, it was deeded to Hayrick Lodge No. 696, A.F.&A.M., for “sole use as cemetery grounds for the members, relatives, and friends”. Later it was named by the lodge.
Buried here are 34 Civil War . . . — Map (db m18740) HM|
|Texas (Coke County), Tennyson — 5225 — Community of Tennyson|
|In area roamed by Indians for centuries. Tamed by open-range cattlemen in the late 1870s.
Permanent settlement began in 1880s. A post office, named for British poet Alfred Tennyson, was established in 1894 with Mrs. Sarah E. Kiser as the first postmaster. Seven persons have held that office to date (1970). Over years, areas has had several schools, but all are now closed.
Nearby Mt. Margaret (height 335 feet), once local of Indian activities, is now site of annual community . . . — Map (db m77617) HM|
|Texas (Coke County), Tennyson — 3528 — Mule Creek Cemetery — (4.5 miles southwest)|
|Established by pioneers of Mule Creek community, a small frontier settlement founded in 19th century. Said to be named either for (1) an early horse and mule ranch, or (2) a stagecoach mule that died at a creek which runs nearby. The Abilene - Fort Concho stage once served area.
For years principal building here was a combination school-church. Since 20th century, shift to urban living has diminished population of Mule Creek.
Inscriptions on tombstones chronicle history of . . . — Map (db m77618) HM|