“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Cook County Illinois Historical Markers

American National Bank Marker image, Click for more information
By William Fischer, Jr., April 7, 2016
American National Bank Marker
Illinois (Cook County), Aurora — 16 — German-American Bank Building • American National BankDowntown Heritage Tour — 1923

Architect - George Grant Elmslie Prairie style with terra cotta ornamentation. —————————— Prior to the late 1860s, a grand three-story Italianate style building, the H. H. . . . — Map (db m94244) HM

Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — “Hubbard’s Folly”
On this site about 1834, Gurdon S. Hubbard built Chicago’s first warehouse for storing pork and other pioneer produce. Because of its size and substantial construction early skeptics called the building "Hubbard’s Folly." Erected by Chicago’s . . . — Map (db m47692) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — “Rites of Spring”Milton Horn (1906-1995) — Sculptor
This terra-cotta work of art by Milton Horn depicts a ram and an image of Pan, who in Greek mythology was the god of fields, forests, wild animals flock and shepherds. The sculpture is one of two identical pieces created in 1952 for the . . . — Map (db m47842) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — (Former) Marshfield Trust and Savings Bank
This terra-cotta-clad flat-iron building makes the most of its triangular building lot. Like many neighborhood banks from the 1920s, the Marshfield Trust and Savings Bank employed the Classical Revival style of architecture to convey a sense of . . . — Map (db m47457) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — 1877 Keystone from City Hall Building
This keystone, taken from the arch of the Washington Street entrance, in the City Hall Building Chicago, which was erected in 1877, replaced by the present building in 1909. — Map (db m68563) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — 910 South MichiganBuilt 1911 — Architect: Marshall and Fox
The Karpen Furniture Company commissioned Marshal and Fox to design a 12-story showroom and company office. The building’s simple ornament contrasted with the exuberant facades of Marshall and Fox’s other work, including the Blackstone and Drake . . . — Map (db m47884) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Aaron Montgomery Ward GardensIn Grant Park — “Forever Open, Clear and Free”
Aaron Montgomery Ward had a vision for Chicago’s lakefront that set him apart from most of his contemporaries. For two decades (1890-1910),he fought tirelessly to preserve Chicago’s lake shore as an open space and assure the city’s “front . . . — Map (db m47782) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Abandoned Shoreline of Lake Michigan
This ridge is an ancient beach or sand bar of Lake Michigan whose waters reached this point 8,000 years ago when the lake level was 20 feet higher than now. Clark Street runs north atop this ridge. The park ponds lie between such old beaches, . . . — Map (db m47816) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Abraham Lincoln MonumentAugustus Saint-Gaudens, sculptor Stanford White, architect — 1887
Chicago Landmark One of the oldest and most important public sculptures in Chicago, this monument to America’s sixteenth president influenced a generation of sculptors due to its innovative combination of a natural-looking . . . — Map (db m47815) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Alexander Robinson
(Chee Chee Pin Quay) Chief of the Potawatomi, Chippewa, and Ottawa Indians Who died April 22, 1872 Catherine (Chevalier) his wife who died August 7, 1860 and other members of their family are buried on this spot - Part of the . . . — Map (db m55451) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Alfred Caldwell Lily Pool
“Water has cut deeply into prairie soil. The clays and gravels of the Middle West are merely a thread on stone floors. In this loam, oak trees grass and corn take root.” Alfred Caldwell, 1943 A peaceful oasis surrounded by . . . — Map (db m47844) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Alfred Caldwell Lily PoolAlfred Caldwell, landscape architect — 1936-38
Chicago Landmark One of the most important historic landscapes in Chicago, this “hidden garden” in Lincoln Park was designed by note landscape architect Alfred Caldwell in the Prairie style. Inspired by his mentor Jens Jensen . . . — Map (db m47845) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Alfred Caldwell Lily Pool
has been designated a National Historic Landmark This site is a premier example of the Prairie style of landscape architecture. Alfred Caldwell, a landscape designer, architect, teacher and poet, transformed an old Victorian lily pool in . . . — Map (db m47846) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Allan PinkertonGraceland Cemetery, Chicago IL
In memory of Allan Pinkerton, born in Glascow, Scotland, August 25th 1819. Died in Chicago, Illinois July 1st 1884. Aged 65 years.

A friend to honesty and a foe to crime, devoting himself for a generation to the prevention and detection of . . . — Map (db m61986) HM

Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — American Book Company BuildingNelson Max Dunning, architect — 1912
This handsome building originally served as the Midwest office, warehouse and distribution center of the American Book Company, a nationally-prominent textbook publisher. Typical of industrial architecture of its time, this reinforced-concrete . . . — Map (db m69594) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Auditorium BuildingAdler and Sullivan, architects — 1889
The extraordinary engineering talent of Dankmar Adler and the architectural genius of Louis Sullivan created this building to reflect the cultural maturity of Chicago. Combining hotel and office space with a splendid theater, the Auditorium was a . . . — Map (db m34975) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Battery A Chicago Light Artillery1861 — 1865 — Rosehill Cemetery
Fort Henry • Fort Donelson • Shiloh • Chickasaw Bayou • Arkansas Post • Champion Hills Siege of Vicksburg • Siege of Jackson • Mission Ridge • Resaca • Dallas • Kenesaw Mount. W.H. Wilcox • C.L. Whittier • CED. Woodbury • C.H. Wyckoff • . . . — Map (db m81533) WM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Battle of Fort DearbornAugust 15 ,1812
From roughly 1620 to 1820 the territory of the Potawatomi extended from what is now Green Bay Wisconsin, to Detroit Michigan, and included the Chicago area. In 1803 the United States Government built Fort Dearborn at what today is Michigan Avenue . . . — Map (db m67806) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Blackstone HotelMarshall & Fox, architects — 1910
An outstanding example of Modern French style of Beaux-Arts Classical architecture. As one of the city's earliest luxury hotels, it became the "Hotel of Presidents," serving as host to a dozen U.S. Presidents, including Woodrow Wilson, Franklin D. . . . — Map (db m94409) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Carbide and Carbon BuildingBurnham Brothers Inc., architect — 1929
Chicago Landmark According to popular legend, the architects chose this building’s dark green and gold colors based on a gold-foiled champagne bottle seen at an office holiday party. Whether true of not, the building is one of the . . . — Map (db m51698) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Catholic CemeteryHidden Truths — The Chicago City Cemetery and Lincoln Park, Then and Now
Chicago's early Catholic Cemetery ran from North Av. south to Schiller St., and Dearborn St. to the lake, now Astor St. Established in 1845, it existed until the 1871 Chicago Fire charred the grounds. Like the City Cemetery to the north, not all . . . — Map (db m10665) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Charles N. Loucks HouseClarence H. Tabor, architect 1889 — Chicago Landmark
Designed as a "model home," this Queen Anne-style house was built for Irving Park land developer Charles N. Loucks. It is a fine example of "pattern book architecture,", building designs sold through the mail--a popular method used to keep pace with . . . — Map (db m66329) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Chicago & North Western Railway PowerhouseFoster & Granger, architects — 1909-1911
Chicago Landmark The Powerhouse is the best-surviving building associated with the Chicago and North Western Railway, one of the city’s most prominent historic railroads. While a utilitarian building, this grandly-scaled example of the . . . — Map (db m47726) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Chicago Board of Trade BatteryJuly 1862 — July 1865 — Rosehill Cemetery
Map (db m81517) WM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Chicago River
This river originally flowing eastward from the prairie home lands of the Potawatomi and other Indian tribes into Lack Michigan, linked the waters of the Atlantic, the St. Lawrence and the Great Lakes with those of the Illinois, the Mississippi and . . . — Map (db m47685) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Chicago Water Tower1869 – 1969
In this its centennial year the Chicago Water Tower has been designated the first American Water Landmark “because of its significance in the development of Chicago’s water resources and its symbolic identity with the spirit of . . . — Map (db m47575) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Churchill Corner
A crossroads in the development of Oekology (Ecology) at the turn of the century. Named for Dr. Frank Spooner Churchill an early pediatrician, medical inspector of Chicago;s Board of Health who pioneered reforms in pure food, water, air and . . . — Map (db m47604) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — City CemeteryHidden Truths — The Chicago City Cemetery and Lincoln Park, Then and Now
This was the site of the City Cemetery, Chicago's only public graveyard from 1843-1859. Extending from North Av. to Wisconsin St., there were more than 20,000 burials here. For nearly twenty years beginning in 1866, as the grounds were converted to . . . — Map (db m10660) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Claude Seymour ReebieOct. 5, 1922 • March 25, 1951 — In Memory Of

2nd Lieutenant Air Force U.S.A. HQ. & HQ. SQ. 20th Bomber Command World War II HQ. 437 Troop Carrier Wing Korean War Died Japan March 25, 1951

BSM [Bronze Star Medal] — Map (db m94372) WM

Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Co. B. 1st Reg. Ill. L't Artillery.Rosehill Cemetery
I die for liberty boys. Go back and man the gun. O.B. Ft Doneldson. T.M. Blaisdell I.Lt. • Jacob Deilman • C.M. Everett I.Ser. • Sam'l Hadlock • O.E. Beckers • A.H. Beidleman • A.J. Pulz • J.P. Chalman • D.K. Newell • S.C.P. Bogue • Fred . . . — Map (db m81534) WM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Columbia Yacht ClubFounded 1892
During the winter of 1891, a group of Chicago sailors gathered at the home of a bridge tender to discuss the formation of a club dedicated to the sport of sailing. Their idea was to create on the lakefront, a facility where men and women could enjoy . . . — Map (db m47651) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Confederate Mound Monument
Confederate Dead Erected to the memory of the six thousand southern soldiers here buried, who died in Camp Douglas Prison 1862-5. These men suffered all, sacrificed all, dared all, and died. — Map (db m63605) WM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Continental and Commercial Bank BuildingD.H. Burnham & Co. ; Graham, Anderson Probst & White, architects — 1914
Chicago Landmark This massive block-long office building was built to house one of Chicago’s leading banks and exemplifies the large commercial buildings that define the distinctive LaSalle Street “canyon.” Architect Daniel . . . — Map (db m47757) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Couch TombHidden Truths — The Chicago City Cemetery and Lincoln Park, Then and Now
This stone vault is the oldest structure standing within the Chicago Fire zone. It was erected in 1858 for Ira Couch, a wealthy hotelier who died at age 50 while wintering in Cuba. Though some theories exist, there is no official answer as to why . . . — Map (db m10664) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Couch Tomb
In 1857, the Couch Brothers, owner’s of Chicago’s Tremont Hotel, built this mausoleum in what was then a public cemetery on the edge of Lake Michigan. Designed by John Van Osdel, Chicago’s first professional architect, the classically-inspired . . . — Map (db m47814) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Dearborn StreetChicago Cultural Walk
[Side A] Dearborn Street showcases some of Chicago’s best architecture, art, and urban design dating from the late 19th century. Great names in architecture include Chicago School architects William LeBaron Jenney, Burnham & Root, and . . . — Map (db m47885) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — DeWitt Clinton Cregier
This tablet is erected in recognition of the outstanding services to the city of Chicago given by DeWitt Clinton Cregier Engineer of Chicago Ave. Pumping Station 1853-1879 City Engineer 1879-1883 Commissioner of Public Works 1882-1886 Mayor of . . . — Map (db m47579) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Earl Seymour Wharton ReebieDec. 13, 1918 • June 26, 1944 — In Memory Of

Staff Sergeant 727 AAF Bomb Sq 15th Air Force U.S.A. Killed by enemy action over Yugoslavia — Map (db m94369) WM

Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — 2 — Early Prominent Residents of Old Town (#2)
In the early 1800s and 1900s, Old Town was a thriving community of immigrants, laborers, brewers and civic leaders who contributed to the early success of Chicago. William B. Ogden – resident of Old Town and first mayor of Chicago from . . . — Map (db m47607) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Emil Bach HouseFrank Lloyd Wright, Architect — 1915
One of the last of Wright's small urban houses, the Bach House combines elements of the Prairie Style with a compact plan well suited for an interior lot. The inward orientation of the house ensures the privacy of its residents and reflects Wright's . . . — Map (db m59980) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Firefighters Memorial

In Memory of Members of the Volunteer Fire Department —————————— Firemens Benevolent Association Organized 1847 Chartered 1852 . . . — Map (db m94343) HM

Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — First Post Office
Near this site in 1833, the log store of John S.C. Hogan, was this section’s only post office, serving settler from miles around. Eastern mail was delivered once a week from Niles, Michigan. Erected by Chicago’s Charter Jubilee Authenticated . . . — Map (db m47724) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Florsheim Shoe Company BuildingAlfred S. Alschuler, architect • 1924-26 — Chicago Landmark

This building is a significant early 20th-century industrial building built for one of Chicago's best-known manufacturers. Founded and headquartered in the city for many years, the Florsheim Shoe Company was one of the nation's leading shoe . . . — Map (db m94316) HM

Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Former Site of the “Zum Deutschen Eck” Restaurant
”A true Bavarian Chalet in Chicago,” owned and operated by the Albert Wirth family and recognized as an outstanding dining and banquet facility, Zum Deutschen Eck was founded on June 16, 1956. On January 9, 2000 ZDE retired after 44 . . . — Map (db m82400) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Fort Dearborn
Defense Fort Dearborn stood almost on this spot. After an heroic defense in eighteen hundred and twelve, the garrison together with women and children was forced to evacuate the fort. Led by Captain Wells, they were brutally massacred by the . . . — Map (db m47670) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Frances E. WillardSept. 28 1839 • Feb. 17 1898

Founder of the World's Woman's Christian Temperance Union — Map (db m94342) HM

Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Gauler Twin HousesWalter Burley Griffin, Architect — 1906
Built as speculative housing by John Gauler, this pair of wood-and-stucco residences is a rare example of a "twin" Prairie School design. Their architect is internationally recognized for his distinctive designs and for his early contributions to . . . — Map (db m68556) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — George B. ArmstrongRosehill Cemetery
Founder of the United States Railway Mail Service. Put his first railway postal car in use on the Chicago and Northwestern Railway between Chicago, Ill and Clinton, Iowa, August 28th, 1864, under authority from Postmaster Gen. Montgomery Blair. . . . — Map (db m81514) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — George S. BangsDied November 17, 1877

His crowning effort The Fast Mail

United States Railway Post Office — Map (db m94347) HM

Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Getty TombAdler and Sullivan, architects • 1890 — Chicago Landmark

The Getty Tomb marks the maturity of [Louis] Sullivan's architectural style and the beginning of modern architecture in America. Here the architect departed from historic precedent to create a building of strong geometric massing, detailed with . . . — Map (db m94392) HM

Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Grant ParkBuckingham Fountain — Architect: Bennett, Parsons and Frost • Engineer: Jacques Lambert • Sculptor: Marcel François Layau
[Decorative features listed left to right; click on marker to enlarge] Console Size: 7’-0” high 3’-6” wide 6’-0” deep Material Pink Marble The console is a decorative bracket carved as a vertical scroll and projecting from . . . — Map (db m47659) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Graves Family Monument

Erected by Henry Graves, son of Dexter Graves, one of the pioneers of Chicago. Dexter Graves brought the first colony to Chicago, consisting of thirteen families arriving here July 15th, 1831 from Ashtabula, Ohio, on the schooner Telegraph . . . — Map (db m94353) HM

Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Great World War1917 – 1918
In Memoriam Erected by the Harold A. Taylor Post No. 47 American Legion In honor and grateful recognition of the gallant and meritorious services of the soldiers, sailors, and marines of the North Central District who sacrificed their lives in . . . — Map (db m47581) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Green Bay Road
From this point, the Green Bay Road ran northwesterly to Clark Street and North Avenue, and followed Clark Street’s present route to the vicinity of Peterson Avenue. This road connected Fort Dearborn with Fort Howard, Green Bay, Wisconsin. Erected . . . — Map (db m66624) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Henry B. Clarke House1836
Known as the widow Clarke's house, this is Chicago's oldest building and its only surviving example of the Greek Revival style fashionable in the early 1800s. — Map (db m69587) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Henry Gerber House1885 — Chicago Landmark
This house is nationally significant as the earliest known site associated with the gay and lesbian civil rights movement in the United States. It was the home of pioneering activist Henry Gerber from 1924 to 1925, during which time he organized the . . . — Map (db m47813) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Hidden TruthsThe Chicago City Cemetery and Lincoln Park, Then and Now
The 1852 funeral for David Kennison was the most elaborate Chicago had ever seen. The City paid all expenses, and donated 2 cemetery lots, intending to erect a monument on his grave. That never happened. The legend of his exploits grew to unfeasible . . . — Map (db m10657) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Hotel St. Benedict FlatsJames J. Egan, architect — 1882-83
This rare surviving example of Victorian Gothic design is also one of the city's best late-19th century apartment buildings. Because early luxury apartments were viewed with skepticism, this building was designed to look like a series of four . . . — Map (db m66612) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Illinois & Michigan CanalNational Heritage Corridor
Water Marks mosaic sculptures celebrate something few people know. Chicago owes its greatness to a canal built over 150 years ago. Generations of French fur traders and American travelers―nation builders―dreamed of connecting . . . — Map (db m81423) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Indian Boundary Park1916
This 13.06 acre park commemorates the treaty of 1816 which established the land boundaries of the Pottawatomie Indians. — Map (db m68559) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Indian Boundary Village
Long ago, Native American Indians lived on this land. Before recorded history, the Mound Builders traveled the area, perhaps along the nearby Ridge. Later the Illinois Tribe hunted game and planted maize. Last it was the Ottawa, the Chippewa, and . . . — Map (db m68560) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Jack BrickhouseHall of Fame Broadcaster — 1917-1998
[Front:] [Artwork motif of Wrigley Field, Soldier Field and Comiskey Park.] 'Hey Hey' [Left Side:] Inducted into Media Wing of Baseball Hall of Fame, Cooperstown, NY, in 1983, and 13 other Halls of Fame . . . — Map (db m47668) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Jane Addams' Hull-House and Dining HallSettlement active from 1889 to 1963
Here, in 1899, Jane Addams and Ellen Gates Starr started what became the most influential social settlement in America. It eventually consisted of several buildings around this house which had been built in 1856 by Charles Hull. The Dining Hall and . . . — Map (db m61819) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Jean Baptiste Beaubien
On this site, then the lake shore, Jean Baptiste Beaubien, Chicago's second civilian, in 1817, built a “mansion” to which he brought his bride, Josette LaFramboise. It remained their home until 1845. — Map (db m72205) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Jean-Baptiste Pointe DuSable1745-1818 — Founder of Chicago
African-Caribbean, born in St.Marc, Haiti In the 1770's he opened the first trading post, beside the Chicago River, establishing the settlement that became Chicago. The DuSable homestead was located near this site. This monument was . . . — Map (db m79428) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — John A. "Jack" Johnson1878 - 1946

First Black Heavyweight Champion of the World — Map (db m94368) HM

Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — John J. Glessner HouseHenry Hobson Richardson, Architect — 1887
A mature Richardsonian design, Glessner House is famous for its site development, innovative floor plan and rugged Romanesque facade. Glessner House, a reminder of the fabulous Prairie Avenue era, is the only remaining Chicago building by this . . . — Map (db m69586) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — John Peter AltgeldCitizen, Volunteer Soldier, Lawyer, Judge, Orator — Governor of Illinois

Born December 30, 1847 Died March 12, 1902

These Tablets Containing Selections from his Public Utterances are dedicated by The John P. Altgeld Memorial Association . . . — Map (db m94388) HM

Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Joseph R. ScottCol. 19th Regt. Ill. Volunteer Infantry — February 2 1838 - July 8 1863

From wounds received at Battle of Stone[s] River

"Who will save the Left" "The Nineteenth Illinois" — Map (db m94366) WM

Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Kennison Boulder Monument
In Memory of David Kennison The Last Survivor of the "Boston Tea Party" who died in Chicago, February 24, 1852, aged 115 yrs, 3 mos, 17 da, and is buried near this spot. This stone is erected by the Sons of the Revolution, the Sons of the . . . — Map (db m10656) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Kwanusila
Kwanusila, the Thunderbird, is an authentic Kwagulth Indian totem pole, carved in red cedar by Tony Hunt of Port Rupert, British Columbia. The crests carved upon the totem pole represent Kwanusila, the Thunderbird, a whale with a man on its . . . — Map (db m94404) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Lake View High School
Here in 1874, was built Lake View High School, one of the first township schools in Illinois. Erected in accordance with legislation enacted by General Assembly of 1872 Erected by Chicago’s Charter Jubilee Authenticated by Chicago Historical . . . — Map (db m47456) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Landmark Landings
Along with the South Pond and Lincoln Park Zoo, the landmark buildings of Café Brauer and Carlson Cottage have served Chicago for more than 100 years. Their history parallels the growth of the pond—and the city around it. Timeless . . . — Map (db m47818) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Lincoln Park TransitionsHidden Truths — The Chicago City Cemetery and Lincoln Park, Then and Now
Lincoln Park, named in 1865 for the assassinated President, gradually replaced the 22 year old City Cemetery. This urban cemetery land, already desired for park grounds, was first deemed a health hazard in 1859. That same year officials began . . . — Map (db m10659) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Lion House, Lincoln Park ZooPerkins, Fellows & Hamilton, architects — 1912
Located in one of the country's oldest municipal zoological parks, the Lion House blends both the grandly-scaled public architecture of the Classical style with the innovative Prarie style developed by Chicago architects in the early 20th century. . . . — Map (db m10653) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Louis Henri Sullivan1856 • 1934

By his buildings great in influence and power; his drawings unsurpassed in originality and beauty; his writings rich in poetry and prophesy; his teachings persuasive and eloquent; his philosophy where, in "form follows function," he summed up . . . — Map (db m94373) HM

Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Ludington BuildingWilliam Le Baron Jenney, architect — 1891
Chicago Landmark The city’s earliest surviving steal-frame building, a type of construction that changed commercial architecture. As one of the first structures clad in terra cotta, it marked an important step in the development of the . . . — Map (db m47781) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Melamerson Athletic FieldAbout Dorothy Melamerson...

Dorothy Melamerson lived most of her life in Lincoln Park. A Fitness enthusiast, she was a gym teacher at Stone Elementary School and other public schools for 36 years. When she retired in 1977, she began an education of her own: how to make . . . — Map (db m94413) HM

Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Monument of the Millennium
[Text on the right] The ASCE presented only ten such awards worldwide, each representing the most outstanding example of Civil engineering in a particular area of infrastructure over the past century.

Created in 1889, the District built . . . — Map (db m47658) HM

Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Office and Studio of Perkins, Fellows & Hamilton, architects1917 — Chicago Landmark
Finely detailed with tapestry brick and carved stone ornament, this Arts & Crafts-influenced facade is an excellent example of the type of designs for which this architectural firm was noted. "Towertown," as the area surrounding the Chicago Water . . . — Map (db m66729) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Old Fort Dearborn
Here • Stood Old • Fort • Dearborn 1803 – 1812 — Map (db m79616) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — 3 — Old Town and The Great Fire (#3)
On October 7, 1871, the Great Fire of Chicago started on the south side of the city and continued north. As the fire approached Old Town, the bells of St. Michael’s Church began to toll. The walls of church survived, but the interior was destroyed. . . . — Map (db m47605) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Old Town TriangleChicago Landmark District
Settled in the 1850s by German immigrants, this area was virtually destroyed by the Fire of 1871. Most of these wood cottages and brick and stone townhouses date to the last decades of the 19th century. After World War II, this area became the focus . . . — Map (db m47626) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — 1 — Old Town’s Entrepreneur Spirit (#1)
From 1870 through the 1800s, Henry Piper, one of Old Town’s early entrepreneurs, operated a successful bakery in a narrow alley. Today, the building at Wells and North is known as Piper’s Alley. The existing house located at 1546 North Wells was . . . — Map (db m47609) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Old Treaty Elm
The tree which stood here until 1933, marked the Northern Boundary of the Fort Dearborn Reservation, the trail to Lake Geneva, the center of Billy Caldwell’s (Chief Sauganash) Reservation, and the site of the Indian Treaty of 1835. — Map (db m55577) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Old Water Tower
This water tower, completed in 1869[,] marks establishment of Chicago’s second water works. Although most other buildings of pumping system were burned it stands as a principal memorial of 1871’s great fire. Erected by Chicago’s Charter . . . — Map (db m47576) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Oz Park
Oz Park was created in 1974, as part of an renewal program for the Lincoln Park area. Historically, the neighborhood underwent numerous population shifts and by the 1950s home ownership was declining and many buildings were in sub-standard . . . — Map (db m47629) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Palmer House HotelHolabird & Roche, architects — 1925-27
This massive hotel, once the world's largest, bears the name of Potter Palmer, one of Chicago's most important businessmen. It is designed in the Classical Revival style with French Neoclassical influences. Interior spaces of note include the . . . — Map (db m92465) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Philip Rogers Home Site
Philip Rogers, born in Ireland, came to Rogers Park about 1834 and bought 1600 acres from the government. First lived in a log house at Lunt and Western Avenues. Died in 1856. Village named after him in 1844. — Map (db m68565) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Potter's FieldHidden Truths — The Chicago City Cemetery and Lincoln Park, Then and Now
From 1843 to 1871, this area was the City Cemetery potter's field, a graveyard for the poor and disenfranchised. More that 15,000 people, including 4,000 Civil War Rebels, were buried here on marshy land near the water's edge. Within six days in . . . — Map (db m10663) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Q.S.M.V. Abegweit“Queen of The Northumberland Strait” — Prince Edward Island Service
Builder: Marine Industries Limited, Sorel, Quebec, Canada Launched on June 28, 1947 Hull Number: 144 Length: 372.6 ft. Width: 62 ft. Gross Tons: 7,600 Service: Operated by Canadian National Railway for service from Cape Tormentine, New . . . — Map (db m47648) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Regeneration
The Great Chicago Fire in October eighteen hundred and seventy-one devastated the city. From its ashes the people of Chicago caused a new and greater city to rise imbued with that indomitable spirit and energy by which they have ever been guided. . . . — Map (db m79609) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Rene Robert Cavalier Sieur de La Salle
In honor of Rene Robert Cavalier Sieur de La Salle & Henry de Tonti who passed through this river on their way to the Mississippi December 1681

This Tablet is placed by the Illinois Society of Colonial Dames of America under the auspices of the . . . — Map (db m47683) HM

Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Reverend Georg L. Mulfinger

Born Nov. 4, 1819 in Bavaria, Germany. Died July 28, 1883 in Chicago, Ill.

A pioneer of German Methodism in the Northwest; a member of the Chicago Methodist Conference, and for 41 yrs. a faithful Minister of the Gospel of . . . — Map (db m94346) HM

Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Rookery BuildingBurnham and Root, architects — 1886
Chicago Landmark Its powerful exterior softened by John Root’s lively ornament, the Rookery typifies the 1880s’ lingering picturesque attitude toward commercial architecture. A transitional structure in the evolution of modern architecture, . . . — Map (db m47758) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Rosehill Cemetery EntranceWilliam W. Boyington, architect • 1864 — Chicago Landmark

Designed by the architect of the Old Chicago Water Tower and predating it by five years, the Rosehill Cemetery Entrance is a rare Midwestern example of castellated Gothic architecture. Many prominent Chicagoans are buried here in plots marked . . . — Map (db m94331) HM

Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Rowe Building
Attributed to famed architect William Le Baron Jenney, the Rowe Building, a printing arts factory built in 1892, typifies the late nineteenth century Romanesque Revival style. Renovated in 1980, the Rowe Building is a distinguished member of . . . — Map (db m47780) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Saint Frances Xavier CabriniJuly 15, 1850-December 22, 1917
Saint Frances Xavier Cabrini was the first United States citizen canonized a Saint. In this building which bore her name, Mother Cabrini cared for the many Italian Immigrants who settled in this area of the near west side. In her honor and . . . — Map (db m98892) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Sauganash Veterans Memorial

Dedicated to the men and women of Sauganash who served their country in 1941 •World War II • 1945

[Honor Roll of Veterans] [Died in Service] Lemuel Day • J. Donald Gibe John T. Hartney • Elmer Julius Charles Kulieke • . . . — Map (db m94318) HM

Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Second City50th Anniversary — December 2009
Congratulations to The Second City on Serving up Chicago-style humor in this Old Town neighborhood for 50 years and to all who have helped make The Second City an institution that has been copied but never equaled. Vi Daley, Alderman Chicago’s . . . — Map (db m47624) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Second Presbyterian ChurchJames Renwick, Architect, 1874 — Rebuilt in 1900 by Howard Van Doren Shaw
When this neo-Gothic church was designed by a prominent New York architect, the surrounding streets, including Prairie Avenue one block east, were lined with the homes of wealthy Chicagoans. The fine interior decorations recall the congregation that . . . — Map (db m69590) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Senator William J. ConnorsJuly 26, 1891 – June 24, 1961
Supt. of Chicago License Bureau – 1923 Member of the Sanitary District – 1924 Member – Bd. of City Improvements – 1925 Dem. Ward Committeeman 42nd Ward – 1930-1961 State Representative – 1932 to 1934 . . . — Map (db m47602) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Shelter Building
Serving as a connection between the Terminal Building to the west and the Recreation Building to the east, the Shelter Building was part of the original Pier construction of 1916. As such, it served the tens of thousands of city residents who would . . . — Map (db m47850) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Site of Fort Dearborn1803
Chicago Landmark Fort Dearborn served as the major western garrison of the United States until destroyed during an Indian uprising in August of 1812. A second fort, erected on the same site in 1816, was demolished in 1858. Designated a Chicago . . . — Map (db m47681) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Site of the First Self-sustaining Controlled Nuclear Chain ReactionDecember 2, 1942
Physicist Enrico Fermi and his colleagues established the first self-sustaining controlled nuclear reaction in makeshift laboratories constructed under the grandstands of Stagg Field Stadium on December 2, 1942. The success of this experiment . . . — Map (db m69608) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Site of the Haymarket Tragedy
(plaque 1) On the evening of May 4th, 1886, a tragedy of international significance unfolded on this site in Chicago’s Haymarket produce district. An outdoor meeting had been hastily organized by anarchist activists to protest the violent . . . — Map (db m47728) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Site of the Sauganash Hotel/WigwamChicago Landmark
On this site stood the Sauganash Hotel, built in 1831 by pioneer Mark Beaubien, which was location of the frontier town’s first village board election in 1833. The Wigwam, an assembly hall built in 1860 (destroyed c. 1867) on the site of the hotel, . . . — Map (db m47725) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Soldiers & Sailors MonumentRosehill Cemetery
Our Heroes — Map (db m81507) WM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — South Water Street
This was Chicago’s main business street in 1834, connecting the village with Fort Dearborn. Years before this also was the site of a trading post with the Indians. Erected by Chicago’s Charter Jubilee Authenticated by Chicago Historical . . . — Map (db m47691) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — St. Boniface Union Soldiers MonumentSt. Boniface Catholic Cemetery
(German) Zum andenken an die heldenmuthige thellnahme der Deutschen an der vertheidigung des neuen vaterlandes im Amerkanischen Burgerkriege 1861-65 Enthullt am 30 Mai 1887 (English) In memory of the heroic Germans who . . . — Map (db m81518) WM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — State StreetChicago Cultural Walk
(side 1) Chicago’s Great Street There is only one State Street. Widely celebrated in song, “That Great Street” has been known since the 1870s for its concentration of premier department stores and world-class . . . — Map (db m81432) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Terminal Building
Still withstanding the test of time, the Terminal Building has hosted numerous receptions, parties and shows since it was constructed in 1916. Originally named the Terminal Building due to its function as a streetcar terminal, the structure also . . . — Map (db m47848) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — The Eastland Disaster
While still partially tied to its dock at the river’s edge, the excursion steamer Eastland rolled over on the morning of July 24, 1915. The result was one of the worst maritime disasters in American history. More than eight hundred people . . . — Map (db m61452) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — The 1992 River West Gas Fires
At 4 P.M. on January 17, 1992, a series of explosions and fires ravaged the River West community. The fires were in an area bounded by the Chicago River, the Kennedy Expressway, and Kinzie and Division Streets. The devastation was caused by . . . — Map (db m61460) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — 77 — The Blues Trail: Mississippi to Chicago
[Side A:] The "Great Migration" from the South to "the Promised Land" of Chicago brought more African Americans here from Mississippi than any other state, especially during and after World War II. With the migrants came the Delta blues . . . — Map (db m47901) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — The Chicago Board of Trade's StatuesSymbolizing Agriculture and Industry
These two statues, one symbolizing agriculture and the other industry, once stood over the main entrance of the Board of Trade Building built in 1885. The statues greeted commodity traders and the public for 45 years. Thought lost forever when the . . . — Map (db m47760) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — The Donohue Building
Built in 1883, the Donohue Building was the first large printing factory in historic Printing House Row. The Annex was added in 1913. The Donohue Buildings served until 1971 as the headquarters of the M.A. Donohue Publishing Company, a well known . . . — Map (db m47779) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — The Honorable Joanne H. Alter
Joanne H. Alter was elected Commissioner of the Metropolitan Water Reclamation District of Greater Chicago, and served with distinction from 1972 until 1990. Commissioner Alter’s vision for improvement in the Chicago River led to the revitalization . . . — Map (db m47665) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — The Nine Dragon Wall in Chicago’s Chinatown
There are three existing ancient Nine Dragon Walls in China. They are located in Datong, Shanxi Province and Beijing. The Nine Dragon Walls are originated from Screen Walls in ancient Chinese architecture. Ancient Chinese believed 9 to be the . . . — Map (db m81418) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — The Platt Luggage BuildingFormerly the Ginn & Company Publishers Building — Howard Van Doren Shaw, architect
The Platt Luggage Building, originally located at 2301 South Prairie Avenue, was designed by Howard Van Doren Shaw for the publishing company originally owned by H. H. Forsythe. Howard Van Doren Shaw was one of the region's most successful and . . . — Map (db m69593) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — The Standard Time System in the United StatesAdopted on this Site – October 11, 1883
Chicago’s famous Grand Pacific Hotel, then on the site of the present Continental Bank building, was the location of the General Time Convention of 1883 which, on October 11 of that year, adopted the current Standard Time System in the United . . . — Map (db m47759) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — The Water Tower & Great Chicago FireNear North Area Map
The Chicago Water Tower was erected in 1869 and housed a 138-foot-high standpipe, three feet in diameter, which equalized pressure and controlled the water flowing through the mains throughout the City. Fortunately, the tower was solidly constructed . . . — Map (db m81430) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Thomas Edwin Greenfield RansomBrevet Major General — United States Volunteers

Born Norwich Vt. Nov. 29, 1834

Died Near Rome Ga. Oct. 29, 1864

Charleston • Ft. Donelson Shiloh • Corinth Champion Hills Miss Vicksburg Pleasant Hill La — Map (db m94333) WM

Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Tribune TowerChicago Landmark
Tribune Tower John Mead Howells and Raymond Hood, architects 1925 This design was the result of an international competition for ‘the most beautiful office building in the world,” held in 1922 by the Chicago Tribune. The . . . — Map (db m47666) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Union Civil War Soldiers
. . . — Map (db m94332) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Victory, World War I Black Soldiers’ Memorial
Victory St. Mihiel, Argonne Forest, Mont de Signes, Oise-Aisne Offensive. In memory of the heroes of the old 8th Infantry, Illinois National Guard, redesignated during the World War as the 370th Infantry of the United States Army who . . . — Map (db m4683) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Wacker Drive
South Water Street 183[?] South Water Street 1924 Wacker Drive Begun 1924 Completed 1926 Built by the City of Chicago Wm. E. Dever Mayor Francis X. Busch Corporation Counsel Board of Local Improvement John J. Sloan . . . — Map (db m47696) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Waveland Clock Tower
Originally known as the Lincoln Park Fieldhouse and Carillon Tower, the Waveland Clock Tower was constructed in 1931. The English Gothic style building was designed by Edwin H. Clark and the chimes were from the Deagan Company of Chicago. The . . . — Map (db m94405) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — West Side GroundsHome Field of the Chicago National League Ball Club from 1893 to 1915
First Game: May 14, 1893 (Cincinnati 13, Chicago 12) Last Game: October 13, 1915 (Chicago 7, St. Louis 2) Seating Capacity: 16,000 Career Record at West Side Grounds: 1,018 wins, 640 loses World Series Champions: 1907, 1908 National . . . — Map (db m82399) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Wheeler–Kohn HouseOtis L. Wheelock, architect — 1870
A rare survivor of the stately mansions built on the Near South Side prior to the Great Chicago Fire of 1871, this also ranks as one of the city's best examples of Second Empire architecture. Built by banker Calvin Wheeler, it was remodeled in the . . . — Map (db m69591) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — WWI Memorial
This memorial erected as a tribute to our heroic comrades of the World-War who died for their country. Army Navy Marine Corps Aviation — Map (db m81516) WM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago Heights — Site of Absolem Wells Cabin
Site of Absolem Wells Cabin 1833 First Settler Southern Cook County — Map (db m87081) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Des Plaines — First McDonald's Franchise
Ray A. Kroc, founder of McDonald's Corporation, opened his first McDonald's franchise (the ninth McDonald's drive-in in the U.S.) on this site April 15, 1955 In memory of his wisdom and spirt, McDonald's Corporation dedicates this site to Ray A. . . . — Map (db m78319) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Elk Grove Village — Reverend J. Ward Morrison Boulevard
In Recognition of The Reverend J. Ward Morrison Pastor Emeritus Queen of the Rosary Parish Elk Grove Village, Illinois This Boulevard is named in honor of the Reverend J. Ward Morrison. He devoted much of his time, energies and talents . . . — Map (db m10672) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Evanston — Archange Ouilmette
Lake Shore Chapter Daughters of the American Colonists marks the S.E. corner of the two sections of land given by the Federal government to Archange Ouilmette, Pottowatomie Indian, in gratitude for her fathers aid in helping with a treaty between . . . — Map (db m55578) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Evanston — Grosse Point Light Station
. . . — Map (db m55579) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Franklin Park — Burial Site of Josette Beaubien
Josette Beaubien, a survivor of the Fort Dearborn Massacre, was buried here in 1845. She was married to Jean Baptiste Beaubien, one of Chicago's first settlers. Her brother was Claude LaFramboise, a chief of the Potawatomi Indians. Chief Alexander . . . — Map (db m55452) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Glenview — Kennicott House
Kennicott House was built in 1856 by John A. Kennicott, a prominent Illinois physician, horticulturist, and educational and agricultural leader. Kennicott moved to the Grove from New Orleans with his family in 1836 shortly after the birth of his . . . — Map (db m55575) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Glenview — The Grove
. . . — Map (db m55576) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Homewood — Dixie Highway
Dixie Highway was the first national road linking industrial northern states to agricultural southern states. Several governors met in 1915 to consider an improved road to Miami. Ten states lobbied for inclusion, resulting in eastern and western . . . — Map (db m87086) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Homewood — Dixie Highway connected Chicago to Miami in the early days of automobile travelHomewood: a bustling town grows along a former Indian trail
Following a path worn by buffalo, Native Americans traveled the length of the eastern border of Illinois. French fur trapper-traders utilized the same trail. Gurdon Saltonstall Hubbard, a fur trader for John Jacob Astor’s American Fur Trading . . . — Map (db m87082) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Homewood — Washington Park Racetrack
Opening on July 3, 1926, with the American Derby and a $100,000 purse, Washington Park Racetrack, built by Washington Park Corporation and Illinois Jockey Club, became a home for the nation's finest thoroughbreds. Colonel Matt Winn and the American . . . — Map (db m87089) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Morton Grove — American Indian - Potawatomi Tribe Eagle Dancer

Carved from a rescued portion of Morton Grove's Indian Marker Tree

Presented by the Morton Grove Historical Society Dedicated: November 3, 2013 — Map (db m94520) HM

Illinois (Cook County), Morton Grove — Harrer ParkA Morton Grove Historical Site

Harrer Park fronts on Dempster Street and reaches north to Park View School, covering some 20 acres of land. The park was named for George Harrer, the first president of the Village of Morton Grove. He helped organize the first local government . . . — Map (db m94523) HM

Illinois (Cook County), Morton Grove — Indian Trading Post

George Gabel opened an Indian trading post on this site in 1847. In 1856 he sold the property to John Dilg who had arrived in the Chicago area in 1850 and settled on Waukegan Road in 1854. Dilg and his wife, Maria Magdalena Gabel Dilg operated . . . — Map (db m94518) HM

Illinois (Cook County), Morton Grove — The American Legion Memorial

Built in 1949 by Morton Grove Post 134 of the American Legion, Dept. of Illinois. This has been the post's home and base for veterans of military service of all eras to work together and provide help to their comrades and others with . . . — Map (db m94522) HM

Illinois (Cook County), River Forest — River Forest, IllinoisProud Heritage – Bright Future
The site of present-day River Forest was once home to prehistoric Native Americans, who constructed large effigy mounds throughout the region. Soon after the American Revolution Chippewa, Menominee, and Potawatomi Indians moved onto the landscape, . . . — Map (db m94461) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Schaumburg — Wise RoadDesignated a Historic Roadway
Wise Road is named for the Wiese Family, who once farmed nearly 80 acres of land at the corner of Wise Road and Spring Cove Drive. The road was named "Wiese Road" for many years. It is unknown whether the "e" was dropped accidentally by the Cook . . . — Map (db m68495) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Thornton — Camp Thornton #2605 and the Civil Conservation CorpsCamp Motto: " String Along"
In the spring of 1934, Camp Thornton opened on this site as a home to young men of the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC). At first, the men slept in tents in grass and weeds three feet tall. Later they built their own military style barracks with . . . — Map (db m87090) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Winnetka — The Green Bay Trail
One branch of the Green Bay Trail traversed this region. Originally an Indian trail, after 1816 the route connected Fort Dearborn at Chicago with Fort Howard at Green Bay. Couriers faced hunger, cold and Indians to carry dispatches on a round trip . . . — Map (db m66618) HM

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