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Dane County Markers
419 markers matched your search criteria. The first 250 markers are listed. Next 169
Wisconsin (Dane County), Belleville — Early Belleville / Library Park
(side 1) Early Belleville Finding a mill site on the Sugar River, founder John Frederick settled here in 1845. His mill prompted "Yankee" settlement and a village developed with a hotel/tavern, blacksmith, harness maker and general store. In 1847 an octagon-shaped school was erected followed by the formation of Baptist, Methodist and Presbyterian congregations. In 1851 the village was platted and named for Frederick's native place, Belleville, Canada West. A post . . . — Map (db m59539) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Belleville — 329 — Primrose Lutheran Church
In the mid-nineteenth century, many newly arrived Norwegian immigrants in southern Wisconsin depended upon the spiritual and practical guidance of itinerant Lutheran ministers to help successfully adapt to the new land. One of the most influential was evangelist Rev. Elling Eielsen, who organized a congregation of fifty people in Primrose in 1850. Five years later, the congregation built a log church in the community. Eielsen was a follower of Hans Nielsen Hauge, a lay preacher who started a . . . — Map (db m55047) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Belleville — 9 — St. Raphael's Frenchtown Cemetery
Final resting place of early French emigrants and their descendants. Coming directly to the Montrose-Belleville community from St. Germain in eastern France, 32 families arrived beginning in the early 1850's. Unique and isolated, the group prospered and grew, numbering nearly 500 in 1900. Typical pioneers, these people were persistent, industrious, and true to the teachings of their church. "Jesus pardonnez a vos serviteurs pour lequels Marie la divine patronne implore la clemence." . . . — Map (db m37296) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Black Earth — 30 — Patrons' Mercantile Co-op — Oldest Cooperative in the Nation
Town of Vermont farmers, beset by a depressed economy in the early 1890's, organized a company to obtain quality products at fair prices. Amos Thorsrud was the first general manager. He and Nels Simley toured local farms to sell $10 shares in a company store, raising $1800 capital to finance an inventory of farm supplies. A share of the profits would be returned to the patrons. The store opened April 9, 1894 in a rented building. In 1897, the business moved to this site. Fire destroyed the . . . — Map (db m41930) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Black Earth — Vermont Creek
This once clear tributary to the Wisconsin River now carries tons of soil from croplands on ridges and slopes. Silver maples, willows and box elders grow on the soil deposited by erosion. The low peaty meadows on both sides of the creek serve as a sponge by trapping silt and providing a steady supply of cleaner water to the creek, enabling some trout to survive. Springtime brings a gala display as the yellow marsh marigold and blue flags bloom to a chorus of frogs and toads amid the humps . . . — Map (db m36987) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Blue Mounds — 29 — Blue Mounds Fort
The onset of the Black Hawk War in northwestern Illinois in April, 1832 triggered panic in southwestern Wisconsin's lead mining region, prompting erection of over a dozen stockades. On an open prairie knoll 3/4 mile south of this marker, area miners and settlers who became part of Col. Henry Dodge's militia built Blue Mounds Fort. Here the Hall sisters, survivors of the Indian Creek massacre, were released for ransom through Winnebago intercession. W.G. Aubrey, George Force and Emerson Green . . . — Map (db m35412) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Blue Mounds — 18 — Brigham Park
Ebenezer Brigham (1789-1861), first permanent white settler of Dane County, came here as a prospector in 1828. The inn he built for his miners became popular with travelers on the old Military Road, and Blue Mounds became a well-known landmark. Ebenezer Brigham was a colonel in the Black Hawk War and was prominent in Wisconsin's territorial affairs and early statehood. Charles Brigham came to Blue Mounds in 1886. He became a leader in dairying and soil conservation, and in the religious, . . . — Map (db m36125) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Blue Mounds — Brigham Park
You are looking north from the Military Ridge toward Mazomanie, which lies in the Wisconsin River Valley. Beyond the Wisconsin River bluffs, on a clear day, the higher Baraboo Hills can be seen 35 miles away. These hills, with some of the oldest rock on the continent, are fronted by the younger river bluffs of even height. Capped by the hard Prairie du Chien dolomite rock, the bluffs are the remains of an old "peneplain", a land worn flat by many years of erosion. The contour strip farming . . . — Map (db m36986) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Blue Mounds — Elvers Corner — Vermont Township
This corner has a colorful background as the site of a saw mill, grist mill, post office, grocery store, hotel, blacksmith shop, dance hall and until 1958 the Town Hall. In 1847 Samuel Lattimer built a saw mill that operated until 1865 when it was converted to a grist mill. In 1876 the mill passed to Charles Elver. In 1877 John Lohrs build a two-story frame store and hotel opposite the mill. On September 14, 1878 a post office named Elvers was established here. — Map (db m55592) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Blue Mounds — 38 — German Valley — Evangelical Lutheran Parochial Schule
German immigrant families from Hesse began settling in this area of Blue Mounds Township in the 1840s. As early as 1856, Lutheran missionaries conducted home services for the rural community. In 1867, on acreage purchased from Justus Heuser, a frame church was built on this site. Shortly thereafter, a parochial school erected in the valley below, taught Christian values in the native language. It remained active into the early 1900s. The school building was sold in 1923 and moved to a nearby . . . — Map (db m75828) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Blue Mounds — Site of Blue Mounds Fort
Built in May 1832 by the miners and settlers of the neighborhood and garrisoned by them as volunteer members of General Henry Dodge's Iowa-Michigan Brigade from May 20 to September 20, 1832 during the Black Hawk War This site was donated to the State Historical Society of Wisconsin by the heirs of Colonel Ebenezer Brigham Pioneer settler of Blue Mounds who helped build the fort Map (db m36980) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Cambridge — 11 — Koshkonong
Koshkonong Prairie with its twin churches at both East and West Koshkonong is one of the focal points from which Norwegian Lutheranism spread to many parts of the American continent. In 1844 at the request of pioneer Norwegian immigrants newly-ordained Johannes Wilhelm Christian Dietrichson came to Koshkonong from Norway. Under his leadership congregations were established and log churches built at both East and West Koshkonong. During his pastorate (1844-1850) Dietrichson traveled widely . . . — Map (db m36145) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Cottage Grove — 17 — The Wisconsin Granger Movement
The Cottage Grove Grange, which became a leader in the state and national Grange movement, had its meeting hall near this site shortly after the Civil War. As a community center it became a significant cultural and social influence for pioneer farm families. The spirited discussions held here focused attention on the expanding importance of agriculture, the rampant malpractices of railroad companies, and the growing national farmers' movement. William R. Taylor, local farm leader and . . . — Map (db m37290) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Cross Plains — Festge Park
You are looking across a deep preglacial valley. Once glacial meltwaters drained west to the Wisconsin River, depositing sand and gravel brought south to Middleton by the giant ice sheets. Today, winding through this unglaciated outwash plain is Black Earth Creek -- Dane County's most productive trout stream. Although aided by fish stocking and habitat improvement, the creek's greatest asset is the abundant flow of cold spring water filtering through the gravel. This rapid flow turns high . . . — Map (db m36988) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Cross Plains — 15 — Haney's Tavern
In 1838 at the foot of this bluff Berry Haney, a migrant from Cross Plains, Tennessee, established the Cross Plains Post Office in a log house. Early Cross Plains was the site of important military road crossings and Haney became the pioneer village's best known settler. One mile east stands Haney's Tavern, one of Dane County's oldest existing buildings, later used as a farm home. The tavern, built from native stone, was erected for Haney in 1840 by the Birds, builders also of Madison's first . . . — Map (db m32617) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Cross Plains — Kerl School — (Dist. No. 6)
Land for the Kerl School was donated by Otto Kerl, farmer and homeopathic practitioner. The school was built of native limestone by John Miller for $325 and opened in 1874. Early teachers earned $25 to $30 per month. From 1887 to 1907, there were two terms, the first lasting two months starting in April and a second term lasting five months starting in November. After 1907, a single term lasted eight to nine months. The school closed in 1954. — Map (db m41963) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Cross Plains — The Plain Good Building of Cross Plains
Construction on this site began in 1854. Time had reduced this building nearly to ruin during 143 years of service to this community. With great skill and uncompromising attention to detail, it was completely restored during the winter of 1997-1998 by Maurice Mitchell Bertram, master craftsman. — Map (db m41395) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Daleyville — 2 — Hauge Log Church - 1852
Early Norse pioneers who realized a need for a house of worship built the first Norwegian Lutheran Church in western Dane County from logs in the winter of 1851-52. First services held May 27, 1852 by the Rev. A.C. Preus. Previous itinerant pastors included C. Clausen, E Eielson, J.W.C. Dietrichson. Resident pastors from 1854 were P.A. Rasmussen, J.N. Fjeld, P.J. Solberg, and Knudt Hageseth who conducted last services in 1887 when congregation moved into a new church. — Map (db m36718) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Dane — 42 — Nathan Dane
Dane County was created by the Wisconsin Territorial Legislature in 1836. Judge James Doty had convinced the Legislature to select Madison as the Capital and name the surrounding county in honor of Nathan Dane, a compiler of the Ordinance of 1787, which established the Northwest Territory. Doty told legislators, "Read the Ordinance of 1787 attentively -- it is the fundamental law of the country." Dane was born in Massachusetts in 1752. He served in the Confederation Congress 1785-87. . . . — Map (db m37643) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Dane — 26 — Old Military Road - 100 Mile Point
In July, 1833, Lt. Alexander Center blazed a nearby oak, marking the 100-mile point of a military road he and James Doty were surveying. The Old Military Road, built from 1835 to 1837, connected Ft. Crawford at Prairie du Chien, Ft. Winnebago at Portage and Ft. Howard at Green Bay, a distance of 235 miles. In two months, troops from Ft. Crawford under Col. Zachary Taylor, later our 12th President, built the section between Prairie du Chien and Poynette, at a cost of $1200, excluding soldiers' . . . — Map (db m36907) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Deerfield — Goose Lake
To your left is a "drumlin," a long streamlined hill formed by the last glacier about 15,000 years ago. A vast field of 40 drumlins, all pointing southwest, can be seen from high points in this area. Centuries ago, marshes, bogs and lakes formed in the low areas between drumlins. A bog is a special kind of wetland. Its water is so cold and acidic that dead vegetation decomposes very slowly. Thick layers of peat build up over hundreds of years. In time tamarack trees, like those 300 yards . . . — Map (db m42378) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), DeForest — 32 — Andreas Dahl — 1844-1923
Andreas Dahl came to DeForest from Valdres, Norway in 1869. For more than a decade as an itinerant photographer in southern Wisconsin, he took pictures that captured the essence of life at that time. His studio stood to the north of this site and his gallery to the south. Eight hundred of his glass negatives, including many stereopticon views, survive. After an illness in 1879, Dahl became an ordained minister and devoted his remaining years to the Lutheran church. — Map (db m37005) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), DeForest — De Forest Centennial — 1863 - 1963
The Village of De Forest and the surrounding 2200 acres were once owned by Isaac N. De Forest. He purchased the site for $25.00 an acre in 1854 to farm and raise wheat. In 1856, before moving to Wetmore, Kansas, he started platting the site for a village. The native hand-hewn rock in this monument came from the original De Forest home in Madison, which he built in 1853. The structure, at the corner of Park and State streets, later was used as the Administration Building by the University of Wisconsin. The building was razed in 1965. — Map (db m37568) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), DeForest — Our Bell
Windsor Township High School was built on this site in 1895 on land donated by Ole S. Holum. This bell, a gift of the community's grateful young people, was installed in June 1896. When Union High School replaced the original building, the bell was moved to the grade school until 1952. The Stanley and Elmer Moe Museum preserved it during the intervening years and the Robert Wipperfurth family returned it to its original location where it now stands as a symbol of our community heritage. — Map (db m37567) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), DeForest — Site of the First Well in DeForest
In the 1850's, the U.S. government commissioned a well to be dug on this site to insure the settlers of a pure source of water. The well was seventy feet deep and cased in hand-laid stone. It served the community for many years after the Karows purchased the property. A wind mill was constructed. Later, the well was dug deeper and an electric pump was installed. With good care by the Karow family, this historic well was preserved into the 1980's. — Map (db m38091) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), DeForest — The De Forest Depot — Built in 1871
The DeForest Depot was built in 1871, at the time of the construction of the railroad line which connected Madison to Portage. Land for a depot was donated to the railroad by Isaac DeForest. Recognizing the importance of rail service to the growth of the community, area residents provided funds to erect the building. Knute Knudtson, a local tradesman, constructed the depot using a post and beam building technique common to many area barns. The original exterior siding consisted of vertical . . . — Map (db m37570) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Fitchburg — Dogtown - Fish Hatchery School — District No. 9 — 1860-1919
Originally at the NW corner of Fish Hatchery and Lacy Roads, the Dogtown School was later relocated ½ mile north and called the Fish Hatchery School. The Gorman Family relocated and restored the one room schoolhouse on this site in 1989. — Map (db m26762) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Fitchburg — Dogtown - Fish Hatchery School — District No. 9 — 1860-1962
Originally at the NW corner of Fish Hatchery and Lacy Roads, the Dogtown School was later relocated ½ mile north and called the Fish Hatchery School. In 1919 a new building was built at the original site. This building burned in 1937. A third building was constructed after the fire. The original school was moved to Whalen Road in 1989. — Map (db m26765) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Fitchburg — Illinois Central Depot
On this site a two-story railroad depot stood from 1888 to 1939. The depot served the Illinois Central Railroad, which provided passenger and freight service to Fitchburg on its route from Freeport, Illinois to Madison. The depot had a ticket office, waiting room, freight room and living quarters for the agent's family. By 1922, four passenger and four freight trains passed through here daily. A small platform stood nearby for the loading of milk. The last Illinois Central freight train . . . — Map (db m76347) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Fitchburg — 364 — The McCoy Farmhouse
Located on one of Dane County's earliest and most successful tobacco farms, the cream-brick-Italianate McCoy Farmhouse was built by Benjamin Brown in 1861. Tobacco growing began here in 1853 and boomed during the Civil War when Southern tobacco became unavailable in the North. In 1949, microbiologist Elizabeth McCoy, renowned for her work in bacteria toxins, and botulism, purchased the property. After her death in 1978, the farmhouse was named in her honor and listed on the National Register of Historic Places. — Map (db m33682) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 82 — "Elmside" — The Simeon and Maria Mills House — 1863
This elegant Italian villa style house was constructed of native sandstone on the 191-acre country estate of Simeon and Maria Mills. An early pioneer from Ohio, Mills erected Madison's first store and was a banker, real estate developer and respected civic leader who was instrumental in the growth and prosperity of Madison. He was a founder of Madison's first insurance company, the first newspaper, two major railroads and helped establish the University of Wisconsin. — Map (db m41983) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — "Let The Great Spirits Soar"
This memorial, carved by Harry R. Whitehorse from a storm-damaged hackberry tree, honors his Indian ancestors and is a tribute to the Effigy Mound Builders. Sculpture funded by City of Madison Committee for the Arts Dane County Cultural Affairs Commission and neighbors Dedicated May 19, 1991 — Map (db m33497) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 84 — 9XM - WHA — "The Oldest Station in the Nation"
On this campus pioneer research and experimentation in "wireless" led to successful transmissions of voice and music in 1917, and the beginning of broadcasting on a scheduled basis in 1919. Experimental station 9XM transmitted telegraphic signals from Science Hall until 1917 when it was moved to Sterling Hall. In that year professor Earle M. Terry and students built and operated a "wireless telephone" transmitter. In 1918, during World War I, when other stations were ordered silenced, . . . — Map (db m33629) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — A Grand Experiment — Bascom Hill Historic District
Fed up with the formalities of traditional education, Professor Alexander Meikeljohn decided in 1927 to try something new, converting a university residence hall into an "Experimental College." Students took no tests and received no grades, but instead participated in discussions, plays, performances and other activities that integrated learning into their daily lives. Although the college lasted only five years, it created a powerful legacy. Decades later, when universities across the nation . . . — Map (db m31986) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — A Stage for All — Bascom Hill Historic District
Not long after she was denied permission to perform in the D.A.R. Constitution Hall in Washington, D.C., because she was African-American, famous singer Marian Anderson found welcome at the University of Wisconsin. She sang at the Memorial Union in 1939, headlining the inaugural season of performances in the Wisconsin Union Theater, the first cultural center to be opened in a university union. Over the years, the theater established itself as a showcase for great performers from all cultures, . . . — Map (db m32697) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 64 — Adolf H. Kayser House — Claude and Starck — 1902
The Adolph H. Kayser house was designed by Claude and Starck, a local architectural firm that would later become the foremost practitioner of the Prairie School style in Madison. The design of the Kayser house is a distinctive blend of classical details, then very popular, and the broad horizontal lines and simple massing of the Prairie School, which was just coming into vogue. Kayser was a prominent Madison lumber dealer who also served as mayor of Madison from 1914 to 1916. — Map (db m40968) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 141 — Aldo Leopold House — 1924
Aldo Leopold lived in this Craftsman style house from 1924 until his death in 1948. Leopold came to Madison to work at the U.S. Forest Products Laboratory and was a pioneer in forestry, wilderness preservation, soil conservation and wildlife ecology. He taught at the UW and was a founder of the Arboreteum. Writer of "A Sand County Almanac," the classic text "Game Management" and over 350 other books and articles, Leopold has been called "probably the most quoted voice in the history of conservation." — Map (db m45691) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 4 — Alexander Smith House
Built of sand limestone and cap limestone from a nearby quarry, this residence is an example of the Greek Revival style. The building was constructed as a farmhouse, but it also served as a halfway house for travelers between Milwaukee and Prairie du Chien. In 1848, Alexander Smith bought this land, surveyed for the United States by Lucius Lyon, an early speculator, and he erected this house which remained in his family until 1920. — Map (db m41991) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 36 — American Exchange Bank — 1871 — Shipman
This Italian Renaissance Revival style structure, a distinguished example of its type, was designed by Madison architect Stephen Vaughn Shipman. Built of Madison sandstone as the Park Savings Bank, the structure occupies the former site of the American House where the first territorial legislative session was held. The American Exchange Bank, which moved to the building in 1922, has been a Madison institution since 1871. — Map (db m33644) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — American House
American House occupied this site 1838-1868 The first legislature in Madison met here November 26, 1838 — Map (db m36662) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 98 — American Tobacco Co. Warehouses — 1899 - 1901
These two buildings are the most substantial warehouses built in Madison to house the processing of leaf tobacco. From the Civil War until the 1940s, leaf tobacco was among Dane County's most lucrative crops. The tobacco grown in Wisconsin was typically used for chewing and cigar smoking, a hugely popular men's pastime before cigarettes eclipsed cigars after WW I. In their heyday over 350 men, boys, women and girls worked in these two buildings during the six month winter season. Designated March 2, 1992 — Map (db m53072) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 100 — Anna and Cornelius Collins Residence — Claude and Starck, Architects — 1908
This house, designed by Madison's premier architectural firm of Claude and Starck in 1908, incorporates an eclectic mix of popular styles of the era and includes Prairie, Tudor and Craftsman features. Windows take center stage at the front faηade: Leaded glass windows are on each side of the front dooer and a ribbon of windows acress the second floor feature mullions in the form of protecting pilasters. Significant for its association with Anna and Cornelius Collins, prosperous owners of . . . — Map (db m49272) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Anton F. and Mary Kubicek Duplex
Anton F. and Mary Kubicek Duplex 1926 is listed in the State Register of Historic Places — Map (db m23740) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Armory & Gymnasium — University of Wisconsin - Madison
Armory & Gymnasium University of Wisconsin - Madison has been designated a National Historic Landmark This site possesses national significance in commemorating the history of the United States of America. — Map (db m34019) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 65 — B. B. Clarke House — Claude and Starck — 1899
One of Claude and Starck's earliest designs, this Queen Anne house has a Gothic theme, with pointed-arched windows and steeply pitched roofs. It was designed for B. B. Clarke, who earned a fortune in Indiana by manufacturing threshing machines before he moved to Madison in 1890. From 1898 to his death in 1929, Clarke published The American Thresherman, an influential international journal specializing in the development and use of farm machinery. — Map (db m32867) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — B.B. Clarke
First known as Monona Park when it was established in 1902, then Spaight Street Park, this park was renamed in 1929 for Bascom B. Clarke (1851-1929), a Madison businessman. He was a founder of the Dane County Telephone Company, publisher of the nationally-distributed "American Thresherman" magazine, and an active fund-raiser for children's charities. — Map (db m41073) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 89 — Badger State Shoe Factory — Ferdinand Kronenberg, Architect — 1910
Albert and Henry Atkins founded the Badger State Shoe Factory in Milwaukee in 1893. They expanded production to Madison in 1900 and in 1910 constructed this building to consolidate manufacturing operations. Significant for its association with turn of the century industrial expansion in Madison, this was the only large shoe factory in the city. The work of Madison architect Ferdinand Kronenberg, its progessive design included an exterior with understated classical elements and a modern interior . . . — Map (db m49284) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Barry Alvarez
Winningest coach in UW football history with 118-73-4 record Guided Badgers to three Big Ten and three Rose Bowl titles in 16 seasons (1990-2006) Led UW to .727 winning percentage (8-3 record) in bowl games (best in college history at time of his retirement) Just the 10th coach in Big Ten history to win 100 games at one conference institution 1993 national coach of the year and two-time Big Ten Coach of the Year Coached nine first-round NFL draft choices, 34 All-Americans, and 62 . . . — Map (db m45685) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 8 — Bashford House — 1856-7
This house is an example of the towered Italian Villa style executed in sandstone. Its square, hipped roof, three story tower, or campanile, is unique among old Madison residences. The house was first occupied by H. K. Lawrence, banker and secretary of the Madison and Watertown Railroad. Robert M. Bashford, elected Mayor of Madison in 1890, moved into the house in that year. — Map (db m32466) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 99 — Baskerville Apartments — 1913-1914
The Baskerville Apartments is one of Madison's finest remaining early apartment houses, built in an era of population explosion caused by enlargement of the University of Wisconsin, state government and private industry. Downtown densities increased dramatically during this period before popular use of the automobile made the suburbs accessible to the lower and middle classes. The Baskerville is one of the best works of local architect Robert L. Wright, known also for his design of the City Market. — Map (db m38941) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Bear — Wah-Zhe-Dah
Common type of ancient Indian mound - length 82 feet — Map (db m33425) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 94 — Bear and Lynx Effigy Mounds — 500-1000 A.D.
These mounds were constructed by a people of a hunting and gathering culture who met periodically at ceremonial grounds like this one to bury their dead. — Map (db m33501) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 6 — Beecroft House — Claude and Starck, Architects — 1911
This house is attributed to Madison master architects Claude and Starck and is an excellent example of the Prairie style of architecture. Louis Claude was influenced by the work of architectural masters Louis Sullivan, Frank Lloyd Wright and George Elmslie while working in Sullivan's Chicago office where the Prairie style developed. This house exhibits many style defining characteristics: faηades of brick and stucco, horizontal emphasis, wide eaves and ribbons of leaded glass casement windows. . . . — Map (db m58121) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 81 — Bellevue Apartments — 1913 - 1914
Constructed by local builder Charles E. Marks, the Bellevue was the largest and most expensive apartment building erected during Madison's pre-World War I apartment house boom. Advertised as a place of "ease and comfort," the Bellevue featured such Victorian luxuries as built-in leaded glass bookcases and fireplaces. The building pioneered modern conveniences, including electric elevators, food and laundry service, and centralized vacuum, trash disposal and refrigerator systems. — Map (db m39920) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 109 — Belmont Hotel — Balch and Lippert, Architects — 1923 - 1924
The Belmont Hotel was built to serve business travelers and legislators, with two dining rooms and "modern facilities," meaning adjacent bathrooms. City boosters hoped that it would encourage conventions to come to Madison. The construction of the eleven-story Belmont spurred the state legislature to pass a law, still on the books, that buildings within one mile of the State Capitol could be no higher than the base of the Capitol dome. The Belmont was sold to the YWCA in 1968. — Map (db m41969) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 47 — Bernard - Hoover Boat House — 1915
This frame building is the third boat house on the site. The site symbolizes the importance of pleasure boating in Madison in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. The original boat yards and house were operated by Charles Bernard in the 1850's. His son William built this structure, which was purchased by Harry Hoover in 1943. — Map (db m38703) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Bernie's Beach
Bernie Holtman Park, commonly known as Bernie's Beach, was dedicated in 1981. It was previously known as South Shore Beach and, before that, Gilson Street Beach. From 1945 until his death in 1980, Bernard Julius Holtman was the owner of Bernie's Grocery, located a few blocks away. A popular place for children to stop on their way to the beach, the store was also the information hub of the neighborhood. Holtman was active in the South Side Men's Club, as a long-time member, Treasurer, and President. — Map (db m45499) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 55 — Biederstaedt – Breitenbach Grocery — 1874
A store with a residence above was a common pattern in nineteenth century Madison. This brick structure was erected as a saloon and grocery for Charles Biederstaedt. Built in a high Victorian Italianate mode, it replaced an earlier structure. In 1891 Bavarian immigrant George C. Breitenbach took over the store. — Map (db m33233) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Bird Effigy
Common type of Indian emblematic mound: Body 52½ feet, wingspread formerly about 133 feet — Map (db m33423) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 34 — Bird Effigy Mound — 500-1000 A.D.
This mound was constructed by people of a hunting and gathering culture who met periodically at ceremonial grounds like this one to bury their dead. — Map (db m33532) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Black Hawk — Sauk Chief
Black Hawk, Sauk chief, retreated through these grounds July 21, 1832 pursued by militia and U.S. regulars. — Map (db m32247) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 1 — Black Hawk — Lake Monona: Change
Madison changed with great speed in the 1830s: from Ho-Chunk home to war zone to capital city. Powerful forces were gathering against the Ho-Chunks. To gain more land, southwest Wisconsin lead miners pressured the U.S. government to remove the Ho-Chunk tribe. And in 1832, war hysteria, directed toward all American Indians, gripped the region. The Black Hawk War caused panic among American settlers in the Wisconsin Territory. Col. Henry Dodge met the Ho-Chunks and threatened punishment . . . — Map (db m35314) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Born in Madison, the Wisconsin Idea changed the nation — The Madison Heritage Series
In the early 20th century, experts from around the country came to study Wisconsin’s “laboratory of democracy.” The state’s Progressive politicians, led by “Fighting Bob”—Governor Robert La Follette Sr.—were using government in creative new ways. Progressives sought to improve the quality of people’s lives and to limit the power of large corporations. Beginning in 1903, La Follette asked University of Wisconsin experts for help solving society’s problems. . . . — Map (db m32939) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 143 — Boutell House — 1923
The Boutell House is significant as an elegant and finely detailed example of the Georgian Revival style in Madison. The style, locally popular between 1900 and 1940, is the product of the emergence of interest in Colonial architecture of the United States, which architects then interpreted as a new style. Hallmarks of the Georgian Revival style are featured on this house: symmetrical faηade, a center entrance within an enclosed entry porch, side-gabled roof, gabled roof dormers, multi-light . . . — Map (db m53984) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 17 — Bowen House — 1856-7
This Italianate style farmhouse was built for Seth Van Bergen from locally quarried sandstone. It is characterized by ornate wood bracketing and a central cupola. In 1859, Van Bergen sold the house to James B. Bowen, local homeopathic physician, and Bowen's son-in-law, Wayne Ramsay, cashier of the First National Bank. Bowen lived in the house until his death in 1881, when the Ramsay family occupied it. — Map (db m40976) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Bradley-Sigma Phi House
Bradley-Sigma Phi House has been designated a National Historic Landmark This site possesses national significance in commemorating the history of the United States of America — Map (db m41264) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 43 — Braley House — 1875-76
The house of Judge Arthur B. Braley was a social and cultural center of the Mansion Hill area in the Nineteenth Century. The house was built of cream brick with incised stone lintels in the Late Gothic Revival style. Braley, a patron of the literary arts, was also active in Madison politics for more than thirty years as a government official and journalist. — Map (db m33723) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 13 — Breese J. Stevens House — 1863 - 1864
This multi-faceted brick Italianate house was built for Madison lawyer, Daniel K. Tenney. In 1871, Tenney sold it to Breese J. Stevens who probably altered the house significantly during his ownership. Stevens was elected mayor of Madison in 1884 and was also a curator of the State Historical Society and a regent of the University of Wisconsin from 1891 to 1904. An early carriage house and latticed well cover may be found near the rear of the house. — Map (db m40861) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Breese Stevens Field
Madison's oldest sports park is named for Breese Stevens (1834-1903). A New York native, he came to Wisconsin in 1856 to look after family landed interests. Stevens became Mayor of Madison in 1884, UW Regent in 1891, and Doctor of Law in 1902. Until the mid-1960s, this was the only city park with lights. Almost all major outdoor events took place here, including major and minor league baseball, all Madison high school football games and midget car racing. The city purchased the land in 1923 . . . — Map (db m32639) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 132 — Breese Stevens Field — Claude and Starck, Architects — 1925; 1934
Breese Stevens Field, named for the former Madison mayor whose family donated the land, is significant as the city's premier athletic facility from 1926 through the 1960s. The grandstand, designed by prominent Madison architects Claude and Starck in the Mediterranean Revival style, was constructed of brick, terra cotta and clay tile with bleacher seating of reinforced concrete. The stands accommodated close to 4,000 baseball fans on opening day. The sandstone wall surrounding the field, built . . . — Map (db m58008) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 49 — Brittingham Boat House — Ferry & Clas — 1910
The construction of this public boat house represents the spirit of municipal improvement that infused this city at the turn of the century. The parkland and its model facilities were created through the generosity of lumberman Thomas E. Brittingham and the hard work of a private group, The Madison Park and Pleasure Drive Association, headed by John M. Olin. George B. Ferry and Alfred C. Clas were distinguished Milwaukee architects known here for their design of the State Historical Society Building. — Map (db m32456) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 22 — Buell House — 1894 — Conover & Porter
Designed for Madison attorney Charles Buell in the Shingle style with Queen Anne proportions and ornament, this house was the first built in University Heights. Called "Buell's Folly," it was the work of Madison architects Allen D. Conover and Lew F. Porter. The house is one of the few remaining Madison Shingle structures built in a style significant to the rise of American architecture in the Midwest. — Map (db m41149) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Burr Jones Field
This park was named in recognition of the Honorable Burr W. Jones (1846-1935) an active member of the Madison Park and Pleasure Drive Association who conveyed property and funds to create and enhance the Madison parks system. Jones, a Wisconsin native, was an attorney, law professor, chairman of the Wisconsin State Tax Commission, and a Supreme Court justice. — Map (db m90223) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Burrows Park
This land was bequeathed to the Madison Park and Pleasure Drive Association in 1909 by one of its active members, George B. Burrows (1832 - 1909). The lake shore area was filled to its present level by dredging the lake bottom. Until 1913 an on-site nursery house trees and shrubs used in park programs. Along with park development, Burrows' civic interests included serving as State Senator, and later Assemblyman from Madison. — Map (db m44408) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 111 — Camp Randall
From these historic grounds went forth Wisconsin's sons to fight for the preservation of the nation in the American Civil War -- 1861-1865. More than 70,000 men trained for service within the boundaries of this camp named after Alexander W. Randall, a wartime governor. Originally comprising 53½ acres and owned by the estate of William D. Bruen, the tract was leased to the State Agricultural Society in 1859. When war came in April 1861, the land was turned over to the state as a . . . — Map (db m31743) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Capitol Square has long been the heart of the city — The Madison Heritage Series
Even before Madison was founded, people met to exchange money and merchandise not far from this spot. Five hundred Ho-Chunk camped near the square in 1832 to swap furs for trader Oliver Armel’s goods. People began building businesses on Capitol Square in 1837. The first settlers lived on King Street, and downtown centered on the intersection of King, Main and Pinckney streets. The earliest hotels appeared on Pinckney Street, to host visiting legislators and government officials, and James . . . — Map (db m33482) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 107 — Cardinal Hotel — Ferdinand Kronenberg, Architect — 1908-1909
The Cardinal Hotel, designed by prolific Madison architect Ferdinand Kronenberg, is significant for its association with east Madison's commercial and railway corridor. Conceived primarily to serve rail passengers, when constructed the hotel towered over its neighbors and became a visual landmark for travelers arriving by both car and train at the two nearby depots. Of note is the intact first floor tavern, unique for its design in the Craftsman style with high wainscoted walls, paneled doors, . . . — Map (db m77755) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 351 — Ceramic Arts Studio of Madison
Once located at this site on North Blount Street, the Ceramic Arts Studio of Madison operated from 1940 until its closing in 1956. Founded by Lawrence Rabbitt and Reuben Sand, the company was one of the largest manufacturers of figurines in the world and distributed up to 500,000 pieces annually. The vases, figurines, and salt and pepper sets, designed chiefly by Betty Harrington, were known nationally for their great originality and consistently high standards of manufacture. — Map (db m31833) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Chamberlin Rock
This tablet commemorates the services to Wisconsin of Thomas Chrowder Chamberlin, leader in science and education, State Geologist of Wisconsin, 1873-1882, President of the University, 1887-1892. As State Geologist he conducted a survey distinguished for high scientific and economic value. As President he made the spirit of research effective in the organization and life of the University. He first distinguished and named the drifts left in this region by successive ice advances. This . . . — Map (db m32249) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 118 — Chi Phi Fraternity — Law, Law and Potter, Architects — 1928
The Chi Phi fraternity house is an outstanding example of the Tudor Revival style and is constructed of Madison sandstone. The striking design featuring steeply pitched and parapeted gables is one of the most accomplished works of premier Madison architects Law, Law and Potter who designed several of the fraternity and sorority houses on Langdon Street. The building is significant for its association with collegiate social organizations: the Chi Phi fraternity is the nation's oldest fraternity. . . . — Map (db m78506) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 84 — Chi Psi Lodge — 1911-1913
This imposing fraternity house was designed by noted Milwaukee architect Alexander C. Eschweiler and was built using Madison's native sandstone. Its Tudor Revival style is one of the best examples of that architecture in Madison. The Iota chapter of Chi Psi was founded here in 1878 and is one of the oldest fraternal orders at the University of Wisconsin. — Map (db m40963) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 86 — City Horse Barn — Built 1910-1914
This simple brick structure is a rare survivor of the horse-and-wagon era. Built as part of the old city yards, the barn housed up to nine draft horses whose job it was to pull maintenance and service vehicles. Each of the nine windows on the Dayton Street side provided light and air to a separate horse stall. Doors under the arches at each end led to the haymow. In the 1930s the barn was converted into offices. The Madison Mutual Housing Association renovated it into offices and two apartments in 1987. — Map (db m32640) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 50 — City Market — 1909 — Robert L. Wright
The City Market reflects the active civic improvement work in Madison at the turn of the century. Like other public projects, the Market was intended to enhance the advantages of city life. The building design by Madison architect Robert L. Wright is a unique example of the Prairie School style. Set out on an I-plan, its horizontality is emphasized by wide roof overhangs and by cement stringcourses through bichrome brick walls. — Map (db m32638) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 29 — Collins House — c. 1911 — Claude & Starck
Built for lumber executive William Collins, this dwelling was designed by architects Louis Claude and Edward Starck. The house is characterized by a gable roof, wide eaves, leaded glass windows, and horizontal and vertical banding that lends an effect of half-timbering. The design of this building has many affinities with the Prairie style. — Map (db m40964) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Confederate Rest
The valiant Confederate soldiers who lie buried here were members of the 1st Alabama Inf. Reg., Confederate States of America. They were captured in the spring of 1862 in the Civil War Battle of Island No. 10 in the Mississippi River south of Cairo, Illinois. Their task was to stop traffic carrying men and supplies to Northern forces further south. After weeks of fighting under extremely difficult conditions, they were forced to surrender. Constant fire from river gunboats and land forces made . . . — Map (db m33779) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Conical Mound — 0 - 400 A.D.
This mound was constructed by a people of a hunting and gathering culture who met periodically at ceremonial grounds like this one to bury their dead. — Map (db m33245) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Controlling Blood Clotting — College of Agricultural and Life Sciences
Through the misfortune of a Wisconsin farmer, biochemist Karl Paul Link and his University of Wisconsin associates were handed the keys to discovery of anticlotting factors. Farmer Ed Carlson in February 1933 brought to Link sweet clover hay that he thought might be involved in the death of his cattle from uncontrollable bleeding. Link and students isolated and identified dicumarol as the anticlotting agent in the spoiled hay. Link, and biochemists Mark Stahmann and M. Ikawa, then syndicated . . . — Map (db m57058) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 76 — Corry Carriage House — 1911
This quaint stone carriage house was built for James and Minnie Corry. Corry, a well-known realtor, helped develop the Fair Oaks plat and was a promoter of the east side. The Corrys' plans to build a house in front of the carriage house were halted when Corry died unexpectedly at the age of 44. Used then as a garage and temporary residence, the building was remodeled as a permanent residence in 1946. As one of a handful of carriage houses left in the city, it is a rare reminder of the days of the horse and buggy. — Map (db m45442) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 56 — Curtis-Kittleson House — 1901
William D. Curtis commissioned the architectural firm of J. O. Gordon and F. W. Paunack to design this imposing brick house with Queen Anne style. Hallmarks of the style include the complex shape, wide veranda and corner tower, highlighted by eclectic and finely-crafted details. Curtis was the manager of the local horse collar pad factory founded by his father, Dexter Curtis. He also served one term as the mayor (1904-1906). I. M. Kittleson, who served three terms as Madison's mayor from 1920 to 1925, bought the house in 1949. — Map (db m32670) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 48 — Cutter House — 1882
Judson C. Cutter, an entrepreneur, commissioned the construction of this house, but he never lived here. The house is designed in a late Victorian period style, sometimes called Stick-Eastlake. The decorative surface treatment, which seems to show the structure of the house, belies the mass of the building. Charles Lock Eastlake was an English tastemaker and author. — Map (db m41002) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — David James Schaefer — 1955-2004
David James Schaefer, 1955-2004 was a phenomenal phenomenon. Though plagued by the progressive debilities of cerebral palsy, "Schaefer" was an uncomplaining and generous friend to many. Disability Rights Specialist for the City of Madison in three different settings, his death of a heart attack in September 2004 made a hole in our community which cannot ever be filled. Erected by the Friends of Schaefer at private expense. — Map (db m40520) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 85 — Delta Upsilon Fraternity House — 1906-1907
Founded in the spring of 1885, the Wisconsin Chapter of Delta Upsilon Fraternity has occupied this stately structure since 1907. Delta Upsilon Fraternity is unique among local fraternities as a non-secret Greek letter society since it has no secret meetings, handshakes, passwords or mottoes. This red brick chapter house, decorated with Flemish gables, is an excellent local example of the early English Revival style. It was designed by the local architectural firm of Jennings and Kronenberg. — Map (db m40961) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 69 — Derrick C. Bush House — ca. 1867
Built of cream brick, this handsome Italianate house was constructed for Derrick C. Bush (1816-1887). A Vermont native, Bush became the village of Madison's first assessor in 1854, and later, a county judge. A later owner, Phineas Baldwin, was a state assemblyman who became a Dane County sheriff. Note the decorative side bay, original shutters, bracketed cornice and intricate porch details. — Map (db m41393) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 137 — Dick-Eddy Buildings — 1889 and 1907 — Conover and Porter, Architects
The imposing Dick Building is a flat-iron building in the Richardsonian Romanesque style, a style in which the local architects, Conover and Porter, were particularly adept. The Dick block was built in part to house Christian Dick's wine and liquor wholesale business. It also housed the Schlitz saloon, Prof. Kehl's Dance Academy and offices. The Eddy building next door was built by E. W. Eddy to house his "One Minute Lunch Room," a popular inexpensive eatery. Designated October 20, 1998 — Map (db m47942) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Discovering Vitamins and Trace Minerals — College of Agricultural and Life Sciences
By feeding diets of single grains to sixteen dairy heifers, University of Wisconsin scientists under the direction of biochemist E.B. Hart in 1907 set the stage for the discovery of vitamins and essential trace minerals. These feeding experiments revealed that micro-components other than fats, proteins, carbohydrates, and salts were necessary for life and reproduction. These missing components were later shown to be vitamins and essential minerals such as iron, copper, and iodine. The . . . — Map (db m32356) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Discovery of Vitamins A and B — College of Agricultural and Life Sciences
In 1913 University of Wisconsin biochemist Elmer V. McCollum and associates used rats to conduct nutritional studies that led to the discovery of vitamin A in butterfat and cod liver oil. In 1917 his group discovered vitamin B complex in milk whey. Scientists first named these "fat-soluble factor A" and "water-soluble factor B." Incorporating C. Funk's term of "vital amine," McCollum later named them "vitamine" A and "vitamine" B. This opened the field of nutrition for the identification of all . . . — Map (db m57103) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Disease-Resistant Plants — College of Agricultural and Life Sciences
At the end of the 19th century, a fungal infection called cabbage yellows threatened the entire Wisconsin cabbage crop. University of Wisconsin plant pathologist John C. Walker solved the problem by developing strains of cabbage resistant to the fungus. This was the first of many successful research efforts that later developed disease resistance in onions, potatoes, beans, peas, and cucumbers. Fifty-two of his 101 years of life were devoted to studying plant diseases at the University of Wisconsin. — Map (db m32398) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 156 — Doty School — Claude and Starck, Architect — 1906
Built during a population boom in Madison, Doty School replaced the smaller Fourth Ward School built on this site in 1866. When it opened, the new school was renamed for Madison's founder, James Duane Doty, the person responsible for Madison's selection as the state capital in 1836. Claude and Starck were prolific local architects who designed school houses across the state, as well as many of Madison's turn-of-the-century residences. The building was converted to condominiums in 1983. Designated October 15, 2002 — Map (db m53073) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 158 — Dowling Apartments — Philip Dean, Architect — 1922
William and Margaret Dowling built this impeccably maintained Craftsman style apartment building. It included luxury amenities such as chandeliers and built-in breakfronts in the dining rooms, laundry service and a dumb waiter system. Margaret Dowling, who lived here until her death in 1962, was a tireless advocate for the well being of institutionalized, elderly, immigrant and poor people, through her service on local, state and national Catholic and social welfare organizations. Designated October 15, 2002 — Map (db m40290) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Dr. Robert Fassnacht — In Memoriam
This is the site of the Sterling Hall bombing, which occurred at 3:40 AM on August 24, 1970. An outstanding research scientist, Dr. Robert Fassnacht, was killed in the bombing while working during the night in his laboratory on a physics experiment studying a basic mechanism for superconductivity in metals. Three others were injured. Dr. Fassnacht was 33 years old, married, and had three young children. — Map (db m40975) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 155 — Draper Brothers Block — 1867
The Draper Brothers block is significant as one of the few remaining buildings of native sandstone from Madison's earliest era of commercial development and for being associated with Madison's commercial history, having housed a meat market on the ground floor for seventy four years. The location across from the state capitol was used to full advantage; the asymmetrical footprint allowed for a prominent entrance directly on the corner and facing the capitol building, the large arched openings . . . — Map (db m52846) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Drohman Farm
The land surrounding this spot was originally the farm of George and Mary Drohman, pioneer German settlers who came to the U.S. around 1846. From 1851 to 1906 another German-American family, Adolph and Mary Sigglekow and their two sons, tilled this land. This foundation marks the site of their log and half-timber farmhouse. An ancient European technique called wattle-and-daub, in which sticks were woven together and packed with mud, was used as the original insulation. The house was moved to Sauk County in 1989. — Map (db m45337) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Eagle Effigy
Largest Indian Mound of its Type in Wisconsin Body 131 Feet Wingspread 624 Feet Marked by the Wisconsin Archeological Society July 30, 1910 — Map (db m35130) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 171 — East Side High School — Frank Riley, Architect — 1922
This school was built during a school board facility expansion initiative beginning in 1920 to serve the growing east side neighborhood. The school has become a neighborhood anchor, uniting the community through ethnic and economic changes. Significant for its association with the educational history of Madison, the building also an excellent example of the Collegiate Gothic style. The imposing brick and stone faηade features a prominent central entrance tower with Gothic arched openings, stone . . . — Map (db m52326) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Eben and Rosaline Peck
Eben and Rosaline Peck erected Madison's first home on this site. April, 1837 — Map (db m36948) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 19 — Edgewood
This marks the site of two structures that together spanned 114 years of Dane County history. Overlooking Lake Wingra, Edgewood Villa was built in 1855 for New York lawyer, John Ashmead. In 1856, Samuel Marshall, co-founder of the Marshall and Ilsley banking firm, acquired the home and the surrounding 55 acres. Governor Cadwallader C. Washburn purchased the property in 1873, and the Villa served as the Executive Residence for the remainder of his term. In 1881, Washburn deeded the . . . — Map (db m33519) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Edna Taylor Conservation Park
Edna E.E. Taylor was a teacher, writer and, in her later years, a dairy farmer. A believer in "Sensible Ecology" she proposed to sell 37 of her 98 acres of land to the city of Madison. Added to 10 adjacent acres already held by the city and 11 acres purchased from other owners, the land, which includes a spring, a glacial drumlin, indian mounds, a marsh, and oak stands, would form a conservation park to be enjoyed by future generations. The city purchased the land in 1972, four months after Taylor's death. — Map (db m33322) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Edward Klief Park
The first parcels of land for this park were acquired by the city of Madison in 1936 to create the "Milton Street Playground." Later, more land was purchased to expand the park. On March 5, 1969, the playground was renamed in memory of Edward Klief (1882-1969.) Klief had been a Madison resident for 68 years and had fought to create this park. He had served as an alderman in the old Eleventh Ward from 1935 through 1937, and also served as an election official at the polls for many years. — Map (db m40981) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Eggiman House — Robert W. McLaughlin Jr. Designer - 1936-1937
The Eggiman House is Wisconsin's only Motohome, a low-cost, prefabricated home manufactured of metal and concrete panels and sold by American Homes, Inc. The Motohome, manufactured between 1932 and 1937, is a nationally important example of the effort to industrialize the production of housing during the great depression. No more than 150 Motohomes were sold, making this house a rare example of early mass-produced housing. The Eggiman House is significant as an excellent example of the . . . — Map (db m94315) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Eliminating Pellagra — College of Agricultural and Life Sciences
Pellagra once was a widespread and often fatal disease that was particularly common where corn was a dietary staple. In 1938, University of Wisconsin biochemists Conrad Elvehjem and Frank Strong isolated and identified the B vitamin, niacin, and demonstrated that pellagra was caused by niacin deficiency. The application of this discovery eliminated pellagra as a significant health problem. This marker is made possible by a grant from the UW Foundation — Map (db m57097) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 27 — Elliott House — 1910 — Maher, Claude & Starck
The design of this house typifies the effect of Prairie School concepts of residential design in the first fifteen years of the Twentieth Century. Edward C. Elliott, professor of education at the University of Wisconsin and later president of Purdue University, commissioned the design, which was probably the result of the combined efforts of Chicago architect George Maher and the local firm of Louis Claude and Edward Stark. — Map (db m41074) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Elvis Presley Fight Scene
On this site, the corner of Hwy 51 and East Washington Avenue around 1 am, on June 24th, 1977, Elvis Presley was riding in the 2nd of two limousines which had stopped for a red light. He was coming from a concert in Des Moines and had just arrived in Madison. Elvis noticed a young teen on the ground being beaten by two other youths here at the former Skyland Service Station. Elvis jumped out of his limo and moved quickly to the fight scene. They admitted later that they knew it was the . . . — Map (db m37376) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 20 — Ely House — 1896 — Cobb & Frost
Designed in the the Georgian Revival style by Chicago architect Charles Sumner Frost, who was a partner of Henry Ives Cobb, this house was commissioned by Richard T. Ely, nationally known economist and university professor. In the academic freedom case involving Ely's allegedly radical views, the Board of Regents vindicated him with the statement which encourages "that continual and fearless sifting and winnowing by which alone the truth can be found." — Map (db m41102) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 150 — Emily Thompson House — Circa 1872
Emily Torstensenseim immigrated to the United States from Norway with her parents at the age of four. When she grew up she married a fellow Norwegian immigrant, Ole Thompson, who became a successful hotelier and grocer. Shortly after his death, his widow built this cream brick house for herself and her four children. It is a surviving and distinguished example of the smaller houses built in the first decades of Madison's history, many of which have been lost to the "march of progress." Designated October 15, 2002 — Map (db m73067) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 38 — Fess Hotel — 1858, 1901
A hotel for the common man throughout its history, the nineteenth century facade of the Fess remains a reminder of the commercial character of the King Street and Doty Street area. George Fess, the original proprietor of the hotel, catered to travelers on the nearby railroad lines and to weekly boarders. After a remodeling in 1901 by architects J.O. Gordon and F. W. Paunack, the lodging was known for a decade as the Central Hotel, though it remained in the Fess family until recently. — Map (db m32944) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 77 — Fire Station #4 — 1904 - 1905
Designed by local architect, Lew F. Porter, Fire Station #4 is one of the oldest fire stations remaining in Madison. The tiny windows on the east facade lit horse stalls. The rapid expansion of University Heights, Wingra Park and other near west side neighborhoods at the turn-of-the-century necessitated the construction of the fire house, which was the first built outside of the central city. In 1983, the Fire Department moved and in 1984 the building was sensitively rehabilitated into six townhouse apartments. — Map (db m44550) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — First Chemical Synthesis of a Gene — College of Agricultural and Life Sciences
Biochemist Har Gobind Khorana shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine in 1968 for research that was essential to understanding how DNA is translated into proteins. His work at the Institute for Enzyme Research completed the puzzle of which particular nucleic acid sequences code for each of the twenty-two amino acids that make up all proteins. He was also the first person to synthesize a gene chemically. This marker is made possible by a grant from the UW Foundation — Map (db m57017) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 61 — First Church of Christ, Scientist — Frank M. Riley — 1929
Designed with simplicity and grace, the First Church of Christ, Scientist is Georgian Revival in style, the form used for many early 20th century Christian Science churches across the country. It is the only Madison church designed by Frank Riley, one of the city's finest architects in the period revival styles. The congregation chose to locate on Wisconsin Avenue, a street that until the 1950's was lined with the steeples and domes of many of Madison's most historic churches. — Map (db m40205) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — First Reliable Test of Milk Quality — College of Agricultural and Life Sciences
A milestone in modern dairying was the development of a simple and accurate measure of the butterfat content of milk. University of Wisconsin biochemist Stephen M. Babcock in 1890 developed the test that made him internationally famous and revolutionized milk production and marketing. The test provided a rational basis of milk evaluation, and prompted better breeding, feeding, and milk production practices. Babcock instructed dairy farmers in the use of the test, which led to the start of the nation's first dairy manufacturing short course. — Map (db m32385) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 33 — Forest Hill Cemetery & Effigy Mound Group — 1857 - 1862 & C. 500 - 1000 A.D.
Forest Hill is an intact example of the rural cemetery movement of the 19th century, in which cemeteries were located in a park-like setting that also served as a place for strolling, picnics, quiet recreation and contemplation. Many centuries before, early native Americans used this beautiful site for their burial and effigy mounds. In the early 1900s, three mounds were destroyed by cemetery expansion. The surviving mounds have co-existed near graves of Madisonians without further disturbance. — Map (db m89869) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Forging Agrarian Democracy — College of Agricultural and Life Sciences
The modern discipline of agricultural and applied economics owes much to University of Wisconsin scholars Henry C. Taylor and Benjamin H. Hibbard for their seminal work on the economic, political, and social meaning of land ownership. Agricultural economists Kenneth H. Parsons and Raymond J. Penn continued and deepened Wisconsin's commitment to the traditions of land and institutional economics, emphasizing land-use planning and resources policy, public interest in private land, and the role of . . . — Map (db m32806) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 73 — Frank G. Brown House — 1905
This handsome house was built by Frank G. Brown (1852-1920), scion of a prominent real estate and banking family. Brown, who was first vice-president of the First National Bank, was a founder of the French Battery Company (now Rayovac). The Brown house, with its detailed cornice and fan light over the front door, is a fine example of Georgian Revival architecture. In 1927 this property was purchased from the family by the Iota Chapter of Alpha Phi Sorority. — Map (db m40749) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 44 — Frank J. Hess and Sons Cooperage / Frank J. Hess, Cooper — 1904 - 1966 / 1870 - 1958
Side A The Frank J. Hess and Sons Cooperage became Wisconsin's largest independent family-owned cooperage, manufacturing quarter-sawn white oak beer, wine, and whiskey barrels. The two factory buildings located near the railroad tracks were behind the family home, which stood at 1952 Atwood Avenue. At its peak, the Hess Cooperage could manufacture 40 barrels a day. When it closed in 1966, it was the last factory in America that manufactured white oak beer kegs. Side B Frank . . . — Map (db m31788) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 163 — Fuller & Johnson Manufacturing Co. Office Building — 1885; Additions c. 1892 and 1909
This building is significant for its association with Madison's industrial history. It is all that remains of the once expansive Fuller & Johnson Manufacturing Co., a producer of farm implements and the first major industry in Madison. The building is also significant for its association with John A. Johnson, the firm's president. Johnson, a former state senator, was a leading industrialist credited with establishing Madison as a manufacturing center, and who organized Madison's two largest . . . — Map (db m52125) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 23 — Gates of Heaven Synagogue — 1863
Gates of Heaven was designed for Madison's first Jewish congregation by local architect August Kutzbock in the German Romanesque style. Kutzbock also used this distinctive style for the Pierce and Keenan houses at Pinckney and Gilman. The building later served as the first Unitarian Society Meeting House, the Women's Christian Temperance Union, other churches and a funeral home. In 1971 it was saved from demolition through the efforts of local citizens and moved from its original location at 214 W. Washington Ave. — Map (db m32381) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Gay Liberation Sculpture
In 1984, the George Segal sculpture, Gay Liberation, was placed on this site through the efforts of the gay and lesbian community and the New Harvest Foundation. In 1991, the sculpture was moved to its original intended home in New York City's Christopher Park. It is missed. This installation commemorates the sculpture and honors the ongoing liberation of lesbians and gay men. — Map (db m32943) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Genetically Superior Crops — College of Agricultural and Life Sciences
University of Wisconsin geneticist R.A. Brink brought hybrid corn to Wisconsin, releasing the state's first hybrid for production in 1933. Eight years later ninety percent of Wisconsin corn was hybrid. Soon the yield per acre was tripled. Brink also developed a strain of alfalfa that could survive freezing weather. This strain, Vernal, soon became the leading variety in the nation. Throughout his career, Brink remained involved in basic research. His best-known efforts focused on transposable . . . — Map (db m32396) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — George Soelch Investment House — c 1860 \ 1887
George Soelch Investment House c 1860 \ 1887 is listed in the State Register of Historic Places — Map (db m41524) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 5 — Gilmore House — 1908 — Frank Lloyd Wright
This residence, called the "Airplane House," illustrates the essence of the Prairie School style of architecture. The strong feeling of horizontally is given by sweeping eaves; banded, leaded casement windows; horizontal wood trim; and site placement. Wright, the most outspoken of the Prairie architects, designed this house for attorney Eugene A. Gilmore at a time when prevailing architectural forms were derived from historical styles. — Map (db m32504) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 162 — Gisholt Machine Company Manufacturing Complex — 1899-1901; 1911; 1946
The Gisholt Machine Company site encompasses an expansive complex and is made up of three Neoclassical Revival style brick buildings: The 1899-1901 factory, the 1911 office building, and the 1946 engineering building. The company produced manufacturing tools including heavy machinery, precision balancing, and super-finishing machines. By 1912 Gisholt was Madison's largest employer; continued growth distinguished it as the east side manufacturing district's largest company. These accomplishments . . . — Map (db m52106) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Glenwood Children's Park
For children to enjoy nature at its best presented by the children of Mr. & Mrs. Louis Gardner Ruth Gardner Reese – Louis Gardner Jr. Martha Gardner Wernig ———— • ———— "As you witness the touch of his hand in the wonders of nature you too will feel closer to God" ———— Designed by Jens Jensen World famous landscape architect Dedicated Oct. 7, 1949 — Map (db m41674) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Global Vision — Bascom Hill Historic District
In 1961, more than 100 University of Wisconsin students and graduates applied to spend two years volunteering in some of the world's neediest countries as part of a new program known as the Peace Corps. Their participation began a long relationship between the University of Wisconsin and the Peace Corps, symbolic of the university's deep commitment to helping uncover and solve international problems. This university was one of the first to train these volunteers, and it has traditionally sent . . . — Map (db m31951) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 148 — Gloria Dei Evangelical Lutheran Church — Balch and Lippert, Architects — 1922
The Gloria Dei Church is a striking example of the Gothic Revival style, which was locally popular between 1915 and 1945 for the design of religious buildings. The faηade is of brick and limestone. Decorative elements include Gothic-arched door and window openings, leaded-glass windows, a square corner tower, buttresses, stone tracery and stepped parapets. The Gloria Dei congregation constructed the building in 1922; the Lutheran Church occupied it until 1963. The St. Paul's African Methodist . . . — Map (db m53469) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Governor Leonard Farwell lived here, in his octagonal mansion — The Madison Heritage Series
Madison was little more than a few buildings and a swamp in 1847 when Leonard Farwell bought large amounts of land here. Orphaned at 11, Farwell built a very successful hardware business in Milwaukee while still in his 20s. He would soon transform Madison and Wisconsin. Farwell built Williamson and Winnebago streets and East Washington Avenue, and straightened the Yahara River between lakes Mendota and Monona. He dammed Lake Mendota to harness power for the first mill. He supported and created . . . — Map (db m32953) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 45 — Grace Episcopal Church — 1855-58 — James Douglas
Designed by Milwaukee architect James Douglas, and constructed of local sandstone, Grace Episcopal Church is a distinguished example of the Gothic Revival style. Inspired by early English models, the corner tower contains a full carillon of bells. An ecclesiastical landmark on the Capitol Square for over a century, this building houses the oldest parish in the City of Madison, founded in 1838. — Map (db m33076) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Grace Episcopal Church
Commemorating the one hundreth anniversary of the first service held in this church on Quinquagesima Sunday February 14, 1858 the Rt. Rev. Jackson Kemper Bishop of Wisconsin officiating February 16, 1958 — Map (db m38886) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 28 — Greenbush
Once a marshy area off the shores of Lake Monona, this triangular shaped neighborhood became a dream for Italian immigrants during the early 1900's. Greenbush developed into one of America's countless Little Italys, complemented with Jewish, Black and Irish families and other ethnic groups. Cattails were replaced with homes, gardens, fruit trees and grapevines. Businesses, schools and places of worship created a bond within borders of Park and Regent Streets and West Washington Avenue and . . . — Map (db m32636) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 87 — Grimm Book Bindery — Alvan Small, Architect
This building is significant as the work of architect Alvan Small and as an example of a small commercial building executed in the Neoclassical style. The primary facade is of red brick with a side-gabled roof bracketed with a stepped parapet end wall. The ornament is restrained and features a center entrance with a monumentally scaled classical surround of concrete with a tall, arched, metal sash window to each side, and metal cornice with modillions. The Grimm Book Bindery operated in this . . . — Map (db m57732) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Hans Christian Heg
Colonel 15th Wis. Vols. Born in Norway Dec. 21, 1829 Fell at Chickamauga Sept. 19, 1863 Norwegian Americans gave this memorial to the State of Wisconsin — Map (db m33780) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Harvey Hospital
On this city block stood, during the Civil War, Harvey Hospital, and later the Wisconsin Soldiers' Orphans' Home, both established through the influence of Mrs. Cordelia P. Harvey, whose honored husband, Governor Louis R. Harvey, had, April 19, 1862, been accidentally drowned in Tennessee River, near Pittsburgh Landing, Tenn., where, after the Battle of Shiloh, he went with supplies for the comfort of sick and wounded Wisconsin soldiers. — Map (db m36391) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Here was Madison’s first African-American neighborhood — The Madison Heritage Series
John Hill first set eyes on Madison while visiting a relative who was attending the University of Wisconsin. He moved his family here from Atlanta in 1910 to join a modest community of about 140 African Americans. In 1917, Hill bought a house and attached grocery store at Dayton and Blount streets from Reverend Charles Thomas, pastor of St. Paul’s African Methodist Episcopal Church. Thomas had purchased the building, formerly used as a boarding house and meeting hall, from civic leader John . . . — Map (db m33612) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 37 — Heritage of the Hill
Madison developers Delaplaine and Burdick erected the three-story Lakeside Water Cure here in 1854. This unsuccessful venture closed after three years and re-opened in 1866 as a summer resort hotel. Known as the "Newport of the West," it appealed to wealthy families from St. Louis and farther south. Fire destroyed it in 1877. The Wisconsin Sunday School Assembly purchased the 28-acre parcel in 1881 to provide families with two weeks of entertainment and inspiration. Dozens of canvas tents . . . — Map (db m32955) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 68 — Herman J. Loftsgordon House — 1918
Herman Loftsgordon and his family lived in this house from 1918 until 1946. Loftsgordon was one of five brothers who came to Madison from Mt. Horeb in the early 1900's and settled within blocks of each other in the Elmside plat. The family was prominent in the development of the east side. Herman Loftsgordon served as vice-president of Security Bank, was a founder and board chairman of Anchor Savings and Loan, and developed the Eastwood Theater. He ran for mayor and was active in Norwegian-American associations. — Map (db m41523) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 37 — Hickory Hill House — 1842
A very early Madison sandstone house this farm dwelling was presumably constructed for John G. Hicks, a New Yorker. In 1854 James P. Falkner, a speculator, bought the house hoping to develop "Mendota Village" around it. His assets were wiped out by a recession a few years later. Exemplary of a pioneer farmstead, originally the site included a half-mile of Lake Mendota shoreline, outbuildings, and a 70-foot hand-dug well. — Map (db m45743) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Hiestand Park
The Hiestand family farmed this land for the last half of the 19th century. Settling here in the 1850's, Jacob Hiestand grew the first tobacco raised in Wisconsin. He served Blooming Grove in many capacities, including that of village chairman. His son was also a farm and community leader greatly respected for his untiring patience and assistance to young people. Another son, William was the registrar of the UW for many years. — Map (db m42183) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 44 — Hiestand School — 1915
Since about 1855 this site has been the location of the Blooming Grove township school. Named for pioneer tobacco grower, Jacob Hiestand, whose farmstead lay across the road, the original frame building was razed in 1915 to make way for this fully modern stucco-covered building. This one-room school is noteworthy as a progressively designed facility, as a community center, and as a reminder of the rural heritage of the township. — Map (db m42206) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 30 — Hirsig House — c. 1913 — Small
Commissioned to Madison architect Alvan E. Small by retail store owner Louis Hirsig, this stucco and brick house exemplifies the simplicity of the Prairie style. The horizontal lines of the windows along with the distinctive red tile roof and wide overhangs provide a well-balanced composition. Small, who was trained by Allen Conover and Louis Sullivan, chose earthen-colored materials as a part of the total design. — Map (db m40926) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 79 — Hocheera — The John R. and Nell Commons House — 1913
This large stucco house was designed by noted Madison bungalow designer, Cora Tuttle. From 1913 to 1937, it was the home of John R. Commons, a U.W. professor of economics. Commons was nationally significant as the author of important social reforms in the progressive era that helped pave the way for Roosevelt's New Deal. Commons was the mentor of many outstanding economists and is credited with originating the "Wisconsin Idea," in which University faculty serve as advisors to state government. — Map (db m45742) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 80 — Hoffman - Kennedy Dairy Horse Barn — Circa 1904
This simple brick horse barn was built by Conrad Hoffman, a laborer. In 1925, it was purchased by the largest dairy in Madison, the Kennedy Dairy, to house its east side branch. The barn had deteriorated seriously by 1985 when it was renovated into offices. The row of ten tiny windows along the west side of the barn, one for each horse's stall, and the pulleys above the hayloft are rare visual reminders of the horse-and-buggy era. — Map (db m40823) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 75 — Holy Redeemer Catholic Church — 1865-1869
This is the first parish organized by German Catholics and is the second oldest Catholic church in Madison. This church replaces the original brick structure built on this site in 1857 by the 80 founding families The simple Romanesque Revival structure was designed by architect John Nader and built of native sandstone. The contractor, James Livesey, also built Bascom Hall. The steeple, bells, clock, stained glass windows and other embellishments were later additions. — Map (db m38884) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 159 — Hotel Loraine — Herbert W. Tullgren, Architect — 1923-25
This building was designed by Herbert W. Tullgren, an architect nationally known for his design of hotels and apartment buildings in period revival styles. Hotel Loraine, having elements of both the Tudor and Mediterranean revival styles was the most expensive commercial construction project in the city to date, at $1.1 million. Named after the niece of hotel company president, Walter Schroeder, Hotel Loraine contributed to the social and commercial development of the city by hosting numerous . . . — Map (db m48309) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Howard M. Temin — 1934-1994
This path is dedicated to the memory of Howard M. Temin 1934-1994 Distinguished Professor of Oncology (1960-1994) Eminent Virologist at the McArdle Laboratory for Cancer Research University of Wisconsin-Madison Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1975) National Medal of Science, USA (1992) Exceptional seeker of truth in science and responsibility in society An inspiration to all who knew him Dr. Temin's fundamental discoveries on the replication and evolution of viruses . . . — Map (db m37722) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Howard M. Temin — 1934-1994
This path is dedicated to the memory of Howard M. Temin 1934-1994 Distinguished Professor of Oncology (1960-1994) Eminent Virologist at the McArdle Laboratory for Cancer Research University of Wisconsin-Madison Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1975) National Medal of Science, USA (1992) Exceptional seeker of truth in science and responsibility in society An inspiration to all who knew him Dr. Temin's fundamental discoveries on the replication and evolution of viruses . . . — Map (db m48158) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Hoyt Park
Frank W. Hoyt (1852 - 1950) was a founder of the Madison Park and Pleasure Drive Association in 1894. He was its treasurer for 38 years, and served 11 more years on the Madison Parks board when it began managing Madison parks in 1932. This park was an expansion of Owen Parkway, the first of the several pleasure drives developed by the Association. Hoyt, a native Madisonian, and his wife, Mary, donated gifts of land to enlarge the park in 1924 and again in 1941. — Map (db m44407) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 40 — Hyer - Jaquish Hotel — 1854
Built in a vernacular that borrows both from Greek revival and Italianate sources, this brick structure was the front section of a larger Farmers’ and Railway hotel. Such hotels offered lodging to boarders and travelers in the nineteenth century. David Hyer came to the nascent village of Madison in 1837. In 1855 he sold the hotel to Henry C. Jaquish who operated it until a fire destroyed the rear portion of the building in 1874. — Map (db m32454) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — In Memory of Our Beloved Sons
In memory of our beloved sons who paid the supreme sacrifice. — Map (db m33778) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Indian Mounds
One of the several groups of prehistoric burial, linear and effigy mounds formerly located on the crest of the Monona-Wingra ridge. Several of these were surveyed by Increase A. Lapham, in 1850. Village site was in the park below. Marked for the Wisconsin Archaeological Society by W.W. Warner, 1914. — Map (db m36955) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 101 — Irene and Robert Connor Residence — 1920
This Colonial Revival house was built for Robert and Irene Connor, daughter of lumber magnates Anna and Cornelius Collins who lived next door. Irene took over the position of vice-president of the family firm. The house is significant for its association with the Connor and Collins families, and as one of a group of three family homes in close proximity (640, 646, and 704 E. Gorham) representing a pattern of family living that was common at the turn of the century. The architect is unknown but . . . — Map (db m49271) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 90 — Italian Workmen's Club — 1922/1936
One of the few buildings remaining from the original Italian community in Greenbush, the Italian Workmen's Club was constructed by volunteer labor in 1922, with a major renovation in 1936. John Icke, local contractor and benefactor of the Italian community, assisted in the construction. The Club was founded in 1912 as a mutual benefit society for Madison's Italian families. The Club, still thriving, provides charitable benefits to its members, along with social activities such as the annual "Festa Italia." — Map (db m32642) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 63 — Jackman Building — Claude and Starck — 1913 - 1914
The Jackman Building is an unusual and valuable example of early twentieth century commercial architecture because it is preserved virtually intact both inside and out. It was built for the law firm of Richmond, Jackman and Swanson. Their successors occupied the second and most of the third floors until 1976. In style the building is a simplified version of the Classical Revival. Classical elements include the decorative cornice and stonework around the main entrance. — Map (db m38494) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 24 — Jacobs House I — 1937 — Frank Lloyd Wright
Built for Herbert Jacobs, Madison journalist, this L-plan structure is the first of Wright's Usonian houses designed for middle income families. The horizontal emphasis of the earlier Prairie School style is evident. Innovative construction techniques used in this house include a masonry core, pre-fabricated sandwich dry walls, elimination of basement and attic spaces, and heat conduits in a concrete slab floor. — Map (db m33500) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 74 — James and Bridget Casserly House — 1891
The Casserly house is a classic example of a Queen Anne style house built for a middle-class family. James Casserly was a foreman and later superintendent of the Madison Democrat, one of Madison's two major newspapers at the turn-of-the-century. The Casserlys were one of many families of Irish descent who lived in this neighborhood. In the 1960's, the house became a rooming house and its condition deteriorated. In 1980, it was carefully restored as offices and an apartment. — Map (db m40289) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 172 — James Doris Farmhouse — 1857-1858
This vernacular Greek Revival style, side-gabled house is significant as an example of a style locally popular between 1830 and 1860. One of the few remaining houses of the "stagecoach inn" design characteristically being two bays wide and five bays deep, the original building was executed in red brick and a later 1930s addition was constructed in lighter brick. The house was used by the Doris family as a boarding house for Irish immigrants and is significant for its association with the social . . . — Map (db m53064) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 15 — James Mears House — 1871
This square house designed in a modified Federal style with Italianate detailing was built for Major James Mears, realtor and merchant from New York state. The cream brick residence was originally built at a cost of $5,000. Its significant architectural characteristics include hipped roof brick, balanced elevation and main entrance to the left of center. — Map (db m40857) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Johann and Elsbeth Reiner Tree
This evergreen commemorates the first Christmas tree in Madison and perhaps one of the first in the country. It was erected at 616 Williamson Street in the log cabin of Johann Jacob Reiner, the 2nd German to arrive in Madison, and his Swiss bride, Elsbeth Hitz, Dec. 1848. The Northern European custom of decorating a Christmas tree soon spread throughout the United States. In 1850, the Reiners built a brick home on the lot next to Johann's blacksmith and carriage shop. During the great German . . . — Map (db m41867) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — John A. Johnson made Madison's Factory District Flourish — The Madison Heritage Series
John A. Johnson made a bold move when he co-founded an agricultural implement company in Madison in 1880. Many civic leaders opposed manufacturing, fearing the workers would lower the city's moral and intellectual tone. But Johnson proved his critics wrong. As president of Fuller and Johnson Manufacturing Company, he shared profits and decision-making with his employees, and provided them with affordable rental housing. Johnson's prosperous workers and impressive profits demonstrated that . . . — Map (db m32919) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — John A. Urich
A City of Madison Principal Planner whose work spanned from 1965 to 1996, John championed downtown urban design projects including the State Street Mall, Capitol Concourse, Civic Center, Capitol Centre, Martin Luther King, Jr. Boulevard, and the Monona Terrace Community and Convention Center. The quality of his work will leave a positive mark on the landscape of downtown Madison for years to come. — Map (db m40522) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 59 — John George Ott House — 1873
The Ott house is one of the finest High Victorian houses in Madison and the grandest remaining 19th century mansion in the Third Lake Ridge Historic District. German craftsmen probably executed the intricate woodwork on porches and bays, detailed brickwork and carved stone trim. Arriving here from Switzerland in 1850, Ott rose to prominence in business, ethnic, and civic affairs. He served his neighborhood as alderman and county supervisor and led the campaign to turn the old village cemetery into Orton Park. — Map (db m32699) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — John M. Olin — 1851 - 1924
A trust fund established by Mr. Olin President of the Madison Park and Pleasure Drive Association from 1894 to 1910, made possible the construction of architectural features in this garden — Map (db m36964) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — John M. Olin — 1851 - 1924
A trust fund established by Mr. Olin President of the Madison Park and Pleasure Drive Association from 1894 to 1910, made possible the purchase of this burr oak grove. — Map (db m41680) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 365 — John Mann House
Once the centerpiece of a 130 acre farm, this stone house and adjacent outbuildings were built by New York native John Mann in 1856. Of classical proportions, the vernacular Mann House displays a mixture of Greek Revival and Italianate architectural styles. Set amid a walnut grove, the house is constructed of locally quarried sandstone. One of Dane County's outstanding examples of sandstone construction, the Mann House became Quivey's Grove Restaurant in 1980 and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. — Map (db m33643) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — John Nolen Causeway
This causeway overlooking Lake Monona and downtown Madison is named after John Nolen (1869-1937). A nationally known landscape architect, Nolen was retained by the Madison Park and Pleasure Drive Association to study ways to make the city more functional and beautiful. In his book "Madison, A Model City" (1911), Nolen encouraged public action and support in park development, and made recommendations in the areas of housing, transportation, and land use controls. Over the course of several . . . — Map (db m32731) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 18 — Joseph Stoner House — 1858
This simple Italianate sandstone house, constructed in a masonry pattern peculiar to southern Wisconsin, was built for undersheriff, jailor, and horse dealer Andrew Bishop. It was later owned by W. B. Jarvis, lawyer and land speculator. In the period 1863 to 1867, local grocer Robert Nichols lived in the house. In 1868, Joseph Stoner, a picture salesman, bought the residence and lived here for more than a decade. — Map (db m32441) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 3 — Keenan House — 1858
Originally built in the early Romanesque Revival style, this house was altered in 1870 by the addition of a mansard roof. The Milwaukee cream brick structure was built for, but never occupied by, Napolean Bonaparte Van Slyke, first cashier of the Dane County Bank. James Robbins, Catfish River flouring mill operator, was its first owner-occupant in 1865. Dr. George Keenan, prominent Madison surgeon, lived in the house from 1900-1916. — Map (db m32383) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 10 — Kendall House — 1855
Pioneer banker J. E. Kendall built this two-and-one half story Italianate home in 1855. The mansard roof of the Second French Empire style was added between 1872 and 1879. This house stands as one of the four corner houses on Big Bug Hill, also called Aristocrat Hill, Yankee Hill, and Mansion Hill. It is one of many houses erected during the building mania of the middle years of the 1850's. — Map (db m32467) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 139 — Kessenich's Building — Frank Riley, Architect — 1923
The Kessenich's building is significant as an example of the Commercial French Renaissance style as designed by Frank Riley. The building features an artfully assembled faηade uniting two street frontages and the adjoining corner. The long faηades have identical treatments with paired pilasters, large plate glass display windows and decorative panels with ornament in relief, united at the corner by a monumentally scaled, arched entrance. Originally a women's clothing and dry goods store, its . . . — Map (db m51681) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 11 — Keyes House — 1853-54
This rambling brick Italianate and Eclectic style house probably was originally built for Lansing W. Hoyt, a local speculator. It was later occupied and altered by Elisha W. Keyes, a powerful local political "boss" who was appointed postmaster by Abraham Lincoln in 1861, and elected mayor of Madison in 1865, 1866, and again in 1886. The house was the site of many political conferences and social events. — Map (db m40856) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 14 — Keystone House
Squire William Pethrick, English barrister and gentleman farmer, used native stone and timber to build this house here in 1853 on 30 acres of land. Pethrick chose the site because he believed that Madison's State Street would eventually be extended to his home. Pethrick sold the property in 1876. Mrs. Freda Keys Winterble purchased it in 1943. She restored the home preserving its original architectural style and named it Keystone House. The Wis. Alumni Research Foundation purchased the . . . — Map (db m32470) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 153 — King Street Arcade — Charles Huart, Architect — 1927
The King Street Arcade is an example of an arcaded block, a distinctive building type popular in the United States during the first half of the twentieth century. The exterior is characterized by a series of tall, evenly spaced, arched openings across a multi-story faηade. The interior spans the depth of a city block, features a long central court open to skylights at the roof, with entrances to office and retail spaces along both sides, and street entry at each end. The King Street Arcade . . . — Map (db m55934) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 52 — Kircher House — 1877
An example of a High Victorian Italianate style pattern book house design, this cream brick dwelling was built by John Kircher, a German carpenter and contractor, in 1892. After a decade of absentee ownership, the house was bought by Adolph Klose who built the cottage across the street and who was a tailor for Olson & Veerhusen Clothiers at that time. — Map (db m32730) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 53 — Klose Cottage — 1870
Typical of the frame L-plan cottages which dotted the isthmus in the last half of the Nineteenth Century, the Klose cottage is a vestige of immigrant housing in that period. Adolph Klose, a Prussian immigrant, was a self-employed tailor when he had this house built. — Map (db m40989) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 91 — La Follette House — 1854
"Fighting Bob" La Follette and his wife Belle Case La Follette moved into this dignified old residence in 1881. Both graduated from the UW Law School, Belle being the first woman to do so. Both became preeminent state and national political figures, using their oratorical prowess to campaign against corruption and special privilege, and in favor of the new Progressive party, peace and woman's suffrage. "Fighting Bob" later served as U.S. Congressman, Governor, U.S. Senator and candidate for President. Designated April 16, 1990 — Map (db m90021) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 71 — Lamb Building — 1905
With its two-story bay, leaded glass detail, and original Carroll Street storefront, this is one of Madison's best remaining adaptations of the Queen Anne style to commercial architecture. Constructed for retired attorney F. J. Lamb, the building was designed by the prominent local firm of Claude and Starck. The building has been used for a variety of commercial purposes. — Map (db m38493) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Larson House — 1911
The Larson House, attributed to the architectural firm of Claude and Starck, is significant as an exceptional local example of the Prairie Style. The Prairie Style is one of the few indigenous American styles, identifiable by its horizontal emphasis and use of stucco, brick and stone. Contributing to the horizontal effect are wide overhanging eaves and ribbons of windows with intricate leaded glass in the upper sash. The treatment of window pairs meeting at 45 degrees provides a variation to . . . — Map (db m56162) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Law Park
James R. Law (1885-1952) was the founder of Law, Law, and Potter, an architectural firm that designed many buildings and homes in Madison. Law was appointed mayor in 1932 and was re-elected for 5 terms. In 1943 he resigned to become chairman of the State Highway Commission. The Monona Lake frontage was named to honor his plan to establish a new shoreline 200 feet out from the original shore. The area was later filled and developed into parkland by the city. — Map (db m36167) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Leaders in Science — Bascom Hill Historic District
The University of Wisconsin's setting along the shores of Lake Mendota made it a natural place to found the study of lakes in North America. But advances in limnology, which was first studied here in the 1880s, are only one aspect of a long legacy of scientific discovery and innovation on campus. For example, science researchers here were among the first to study cancer in the 1940s, the first to make possible genetic engineering for plants and food crops in the 1950s, and the first to design . . . — Map (db m33646) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 19 — Leitch House — 1857-58
The buff-colored sandstone for this Gothic Revival house was quarried in Westport, barged across Lake Mendota, and cut on the building site. The exterior of the structure is characterized by high peaked gables, decorative barge boards, spiked finials, and a central cupola. William T. Leitch, a New York clothier, commissioned the house before coming to Madison in 1858. He served three terms as mayor beginning in 1862. — Map (db m38700) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 58 — Lincoln School — Claude and Starck — 1915
Lincoln School is a superb example of the Prairie School of architecture. Some of the reflections of this style are the bands of terra cotta and stone that emphasize the horizontal lines of the design, detailed terra cotta ornament on capitals and over the doors, and a modern expression, devoid of historical motifs. Lincoln School is the finest remaining of several similar school buildings in Wisconsin designed by the local architectural firm of Louis W. Claude and Edward F. Starck. — Map (db m38704) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Lincoln Statue
First Marker: The original of this statue was provided by joint appropriations of the Congress of the United States and the State of Kentucky as a national memorial located in Hodgenville, Kentucky, Lincoln's native town. This, the only replica, was granted to this university through the courtesy and cordiality of the State of Kentucky in recognition of the living leadership of Lincoln's spirit to all of our sister states. The setting was provided by the State of Wisconsin . . . — Map (db m32091) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 93 — Lizard Effigy Mound — 500-1000 A.D.
These mounds were constructed by a people of a hunting and gathering culture who met periodically at ceremonial grounds like this one to bury their dead. — Map (db m33503) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 102 — Longfellow School — Law, Law and Potter, Architects — 1918, 1924 and 1938
The Longfellow School served the ethnically diverse Greenbush neighborhood as a community anchor between 1918 and 1980. Designed by the prominent Madison firm of Law, Law and Potter, the school is an excellent example of the Elizabethan Revival, a brick subtype of the Tudor Revival style. The school is also significant as an embodiment of Progressive educational ideals, including a curriculum of manual training and the improvement of health and nutrition. The school design incorporated new . . . — Map (db m49732) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 54 — Lougee House — 1907 — Claude & Starck
A significant example of the Prairie School style of architecture, this dwelling bears similarities to Frank Lloyd Wright's Harley Bradley house of 1900, in Kankakee, Illinois. Louis W. Claude worked for Louis H. Sullivan with Frank Lloyd Wright and George Grant Elmslie and remained lifelong friends with them. George Lougee was a distinguished hotel proprietor, operating the Park Hotel here and the Palmer House in Chicago. — Map (db m41868) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Lt. Gerald Stull USAF
"On May 5, 1958, Lt. Gerald Stull USAF was returning to Truax Field from a training mission when his F-102A fighter jet faltered and headed toward the residential neighborhood along Hudson Park. Lt. Stull forced the jet back toward the lake, at which time he knew he would have to ditch the plane into the lake at a steep angle. He ejected upon impact and died as a result of injuries he sustained in the crash. His selfless heroism saved the lives of many and he is remembered and appreciated by everyone throughout this community." — Map (db m33246) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 149 — Luther Memorial Chapel — Claude and Starck, Architects — 1914-1915
This limestone chapel was designed by the prolific Madison architectural firm of Claude and Starck in the Elizabethan Revival style. The building's asymmetrical design features a monumentally scaled entrance and a ribbon of Tudor-arched windows at the first and second stories. The building is also significant for its association with the religious history of the community as the first Protestant church in the city to purposefully serve the student population by locating close to campus, and . . . — Map (db m69713) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Luther Memorial Evangelical Lutheran Church — Claude & Starck; Reginald Stehr — 1921-1923; 1957-1958
The Gothic Revival style church by preeminent Madison architects Claude & Starck is a masterwork example of this style. The mid-century Gothic Revival style education building by Reginald Stehr is significant as a contemporary representation of the style. Together, these limestone buildings create a composition, showcasing the variant but compatible stylistic eras. The church features Gothic arches, buttresses, deeply recessed openings, and sculptural tracery. The education building's design . . . — Map (db m55933) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 62 — Machinery Row — 1898-1914
This block long group of brick buildings was originally known the Brown Brothers' Business Block. It earned the nickname "Machinery Row" when several agricultural implement branch houses located here, part of the lively railroad shipping business that flourished in Madison in the early 1900s. This substantial Romanesque Revival block was designed by the prominent local architectural firm Conover and Porter. It was built gradually, in sections, replacing older wooden structures and an ice house. — Map (db m40519) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 142 — Madison Candy Company — John Nader, Architect — 1903
The Madison Candy Company building is significant for its association with the development of local manufacturing. An industrial type building designed by John Nader, it is constructed of red brick, with a limestone foundation, belt courses and cornice. Expansive arched windows at the upper floors dominate the faηade and provided ample natural lighting onto the manufacturing floors. Madison's industrial influence emerged at the end of the 19th century; this building is representative of that . . . — Map (db m40604) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 121 — Madison Catholic Clubhouse — John J. Flad, Architect — 1938
This Mediterranean Revival clubhouse has Art Moderne touches, reflecting its late 1930s date. It was built for the Knights of Columbus, a fraternal society for Catholic men. Several other Catholic groups met here and the building also housed the offices of the Catholic Diocese. John J. Flad was a prominent Catholic layman who designed many buildings for the Catholic church. John J. Flad and Associates would grow to become one of the largest architectural firms in the city. — Map (db m39930) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 116 — Madison Club — Frank Riley, Architect — 1916-1918
The Madison Club, Madison's premiere social club, was designed in the Georgian Revival style by master Madison architect Frank Riley. Artfully executed in red brick with concrete classical ornament including columns, friezes, portico and urns, the building is among Riley's finest non-residential designs. Teddy Roosevelt, who stayed at the Madison Club on May 28, 1918, informally dedicated the building by raising the Club's flag. Also significant for its association with prominent Madison . . . — Map (db m59806) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 147 — Madison Gas & Electric Company Powerhouse — Claude & Starck; Mead & Seastone, Architects — 1902; 1915 Addition
The Madison Gas & Electric Powerhouse has been in continuous operation providing electrical power since its construction in 1902. The building is significant for its association with the development of Madison's utility industry and as the location of the city's largest gas and electrical utility company, which was principally responsible for the development of the city's electrical distribution framework. The Classical Revival style facade is of brick and displays classical ornament including . . . — Map (db m40250) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Madison Hotel — (1837-1863)
The Madison Hotel was built and owned by Col. Augustus A. Bird, one of the builders of the first Capitol in Madison. From this hotel, he waged a successful fight to keep Madison the Capital City. Many of Madison's most prominent visitors, including Gov. Dodge, stayed here. One of the first sermons heard by Madisonians was delivered in the hotel bar, November, 1837. In June of 1838, the first territorial Supreme Court held in Madison was organized in this hotel. The Madison Hotel was destroyed by fire March 17, 1863. — Map (db m33722) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Madison is an Indian mound capital — The Madison Heritage Series
At least 887 earthen Indian mounds once dotted the land around lakes Mendota, Monona, Wingra, Waubesa, and Kegonsa—so many that archaeologist Charles E. Brown once suggested Madison be renamed Mound City. Most southern Wisconsin mounds were constructed between 2,800 and 900 years ago. At first Indians shaped them into cones, and later into animal, spirit, and linear forms. Often built on high ground near water, the mounds were burial sites and probably served other ceremonial purposes. . . . — Map (db m35551) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Madison Masonic Temple
This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior. — Map (db m40206) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Madison Park & Pleasure Drive Association
During the 19th Century, Willow Creek marked the western edge of the University of Wisconsin campus and the end of University Drive. In 1892, at the suggestion of Prof. Edward T. Owen, a committee of public-spirited citizens constructed a "pleasure drive" west from this point, opening the privately-owned Lake Mendota shoreline for public enjoyment. As part of this project, the first Willow Creek bridge was built. The drive, intended for saddle horses, carriages, and bicycles, crossed University . . . — Map (db m41345) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 176 — Maeder Building / Ellsworth Block — 1871
The two-story Maeder building and the three-story Ellsworth block were constructed in 1871 as two distinct commercial buildings. Now considered one property, this block is significant as a representative example of the late 19th century commercial building type and as one of the few remaining groupings from that era to remain on capitol square. Constructed of local sandstone, the buildings have been altered but the Ellsworth block retains its distinctive Italianate window surrounds; the Maeder . . . — Map (db m62337) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Mansion Hill Historic District
Known variously as Yankee Hill, Aristocrat Hill and Big Bug Hill, the area north of the Capitol Square near Lake Mendota was selected by Madison's business, political, and academic elites in the 19th century for their homes. Successuful bankers, timber barons, real estate promoters, railroad lawyers, University regents, professors, governors, judges and mayors resided on the hill. The seed of the Wisconsin Idea may have been planted by informal discussion and formal associations among . . . — Map (db m38708) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Mass Production of Penicillin — College of Agricultural and Life Sciences
During World War II countless lives were saved through the use of the antibiotic penicillin, a natural product of a mold. However, the drug became widely available only after a method was developed to mass-produce it from a selected and genetically altered strain of the mold. University of Wisconsin bacteriologist Kenneth B. Raper isolated a productive organism, botanist John F. Stauffer genetically modified it, and biochemists William H. Peterson and Marvin Johnson developed submerged . . . — Map (db m32572) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 152 — Mattermore - Malaney House — 1875
This vernacular house is significant as a surviving example from Madison's earliest residential era and as an increasingly rare, intact, gable-front type house with wood clapboard siding. The elements which define this folk form are evident on the house: A simple facade with a gabled roof facing the street. Locally popular between 1840 and 1925, vernacular houses were constructed by carpenters, often following pattern books which were fashionable during the nineteenth century. This house has . . . — Map (db m54227) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Middleton's Beginning
This immediate area was the site of the first Middleton, settled shortly after Dane County was formed. Early settlers Harry Barnes and his father, Joe, were captains in the Civil War. Harry suggested that the area be called Middletown, after his home in Vermont. When the township was established in 1847 it was named Middleton. The cemetery was started at the top of the hill with the first burial in 1850. The Barnes families were buried there. Later additions brought the cemetery to the . . . — Map (db m66113) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 57 — Miller House — Moved 1908
The earliest known Black-owned building remaining in Madison, this unassuming house has been the residence of two generations of the Miller family. From the time of William Miller's arrival here from Kentucky in 1901 members of the Miller family have been local leaders in the advancement of Black people. The Millers leased the house to roomers until 1919 when they moved into it from the house next door (demolished in 1976). The building is in the heart of a small historic Black neighborhood . . . — Map (db m54184) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Mills Brothers Commercial Building
Built in 1904, this Neo-Classical Revival building was constructed for local grocers Albert and Elmer Mills. The wall ad around the corner for Gardner's "Purity Bread" with its butter yellow wrapper dates to the early 50s when the building was occupied by Star Grocery. Gardner's Bakery had its main bakery operation on East Washington Avenue. The mural was restored in 2003 by the Marquette Neighborhood Association with financial assistance from the City's Community Enhancement Program. — Map (db m50551) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 35 — Milwaukee Road Depot — Frost and Granger, Architects — 1903
The Neoclassical Revival style former depot was designed by Frost and Granger of Chicago, regionally prominent designers of train depots. It is locally significant, representing the national dominance of rail for the transport of goods and people. Rail was vital to the economic growth of Madison, providing affordable transportation through the first half of the nineteenth century. Significant features include the long covered passenger platform with its prominent brick and limestone gateway, . . . — Map (db m53070) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 119 — Mohr / Christoffer Block — 1873
These two buildings of an original three-building block were designed in the Italianate style, elements of which are visible above the first story. While this block housed a variety of businesses, it is historically significant for its association with Robert "Fighting Bob" La Follette, Wisconsin governor (1901-1906) and later US senator(1906-1925). One of this nation's most famous Progressive politicians and reformers, he located his nationally known Progressive Journal La Follette's Weekly . . . — Map (db m67033) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 83 — Monona Lake Assembly Normal Hall — D. R. Jones, Architect — 1884
This pavilion was built as a 450-seat lecture hall for the Monona Lake Assembly. Established to provide instruction for Sunday school teachers, it soon became a popular summer camp for tourists from throughout the Midwest. As many as 15,000 came each year for religious instruction, entertainment, recreation, and lectures by such notables as William McKinley and "Fighting Bob" La Follette. The Hall is one of the last buildings remaining from Madison's heyday as a resort community. — Map (db m35403) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 21 — Morehouse House — 1937 — G. Fred Keck
An International style structure built for Edward Morehouse, a Public Service Commission official, this residence was designed by Chicago architect George Fred Keck. The style developed in Europe in the 1920's and 1930's and was brought to Chicago by leaders of the German Bauhaus, Mies van der Rohe and Laszlo Moholy-Nagy, who had significant influence on Keck's work. — Map (db m41104) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 2 — Mound City — Lake Monona: People
More than a thousand mounds once dotted the shores of Madison's lakes, so many that archaeologist Charles Brown favored the name Mound City for Madison. In the early 1900s, Brown found 160 mounds in 17 groups around Lake Monona. Native people (ancestors of Wisconsin's modern Native Nations) sculpted these raised-earth shapes 800 to 2,000 years ago. Most contained burials. Conical, linear, and animal-shaped mounds are arranged carefully on the land, likely representing sacred beings. Mound . . . — Map (db m35431) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Nakoma
The Nakoma neighborhood has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior February 26, 1998 —————————— Nakoma Originally the site of a Ho-Chunk Village 1834 - Government survey 1915 - Madison Realty Company platted five farms for housing development — Map (db m59859) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 41 — Nathan Dane
Dane County was created by the Wisconsin Territorial Legislature in 1836. Judge James Doty had convinced the Legislature to select Madison as the Capital and name the surrounding county in honor of Nathan Dane, a compiler of the Ordinance of 1787, which established the Northwest Territory. Doty told legislators, "Read the Ordinance of 1787 attentively -- it is the fundamental law of the country." Dane was born in Massachusetts in 1752. He served in the Confederation Congress 1785-87. . . . — Map (db m37611) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 26 — Nathaniel Dean Farmhouse — 1856
A simple, flat-roofed brick structure with wood cornice and dentilation, this early Blooming Grove farmhouse was built for Nathaniel Dean, Madison dry goods merchant and real estate speculator. Dean, who lived in the house in the 1860's and the early 1870's, originally came to Madison in 1842. An active businessman and churchman, he also served as a regent of the University of Wisconsin. — Map (db m32457) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Natural Wonders — Bascom Hill Historic District
Surrounded by the natural beauty of this campus, a student named John Muir developed a love of the outdoors that would touch not only his own life, but those of future generations. Muir left the University of Wisconsin in 1863 and became one of the most famous naturalists in America. His writings influenced the creation of our national park system and convinced the expanding nation that resources such as the great redwoods of California were worth preserving. These surroundings, which so . . . — Map (db m37696) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 160 — Nelson House — 1881
The Nelson house is a beautiful example of a vernacular gabled-front type from the era of Madison's earliest residential development. The house features a simple faηade of brick, a street-facing gable and regular placement of windows. Ornament is derived from the windows - arched frames, stone sills and Italianate style segmental hoods over the windows - and the oculus under the gable. The portico is not original but is of the style of the house. Vernacular building types were popular in . . . — Map (db m60638) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 110 — Nichols Station — Balch and Lippert, Architects — 1917
Nichols Station is significant for its role in the advancement of water works technology and the public works history of Madison. The design introduced a steam operated pumping system, a turning point in water works technology which replaced the artesian well system. The new station was equipped with two Allis-Chalmers steam-driven pumping units of eight-million gallons per day capacity each. One of these pumps remains in place. Elements of the Prairie style used on this building were adopted . . . — Map (db m49220) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 202 — North Hall
The first building erected by the University of Wisconsin-Madison was North Hall, opened as North Dormitory for men on September 17, 1851. It was built of Madison sandstone at a cost of $19,000. Initially, the first three floors housed from 50 to 65 students; the fourth floor was divided into six public rooms for lectures, recitations, and study. The building was first heated by two hot-air furnaces. As an economy measure during the war (1865), stoves were placed in each room, and students . . . — Map (db m31583) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Olbrich Park
These grounds are a testament to the vision and persistence of Michael Olbrich (1881-1929). For years, this attorney and University of Wisconsin regent, worked to raise money to gain title to these properties, which he then sold to the City of Madison at no profit to himself. He was a wildflower enthusiast and an advocate for public parks throughout the city. — Map (db m36959) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Olbrich's Thai Pavilion and Gardens
Welcome. You are entering a garden of enchantment where powerful symbols, exquisite craftsmanship, and lush foliage combine to bring you closer to the culture of Thailand. Where is Thailand? [World map showing location of Thailand] A beautiful gift The pavilion is a gift from the Thai government and the Thai Chapter of the Wisconsin Alumni Association to the University of Wisconsin - Madison. The University gave the pavilion to the City of Madison, which . . . — Map (db m36960) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 7 — Old Governor's Mansion — 1855-56
Constructed of locally quarried sandstone and designed in the Italianate style, this house was originally built for Julius T. White, secretary of the Wisconsin Insurance Company. Governor Jeremiah Rusk acquired the house in 1883 and sold it to the state of Wisconsin two years later. It was the executive mansion for seventeen Wisconsin governors from 1885 to 1950. — Map (db m32459) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 16 — Old Spring Hotel — 1854
This Greek Revival house, also called Gorham’s Hotel, was a stagecoach stop on the Madison-Monroe Road for travelers to and from the western part of the state. The brick structure was built for Charles E. Morgan, Madison dry goods merchant. James W. Gorham bought the hotel shortly before the Civil War leaving his wife and children in the house when he went to battle. In later years the house achieved fame for its tollhouse cookies. — Map (db m33617) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Old Spring Tavern
Stage coach station on road to early lead mines - built 1854 Home of Gorham family 1860-1922 — Map (db m45472) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Olin Terrace
Olin Terrace honors the memory of John Myers Olin (1851-1924). Mr. Olin was a U.W. law professor and the president of, and driving force behind, the original Madison Park and Pleasure Drive Association. He was an energetic fundraiser and for his tireless efforts, was eulogized as being "The Father of Madison's Park System." The fountain and balustrade were financed by the John M. Olin Memorial Fund while the labor was completed in 1934 as part of a Civil Works Administration project. — Map (db m37038) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Olin-Turville Park
This park is named in honor of John Olin (1851-1924) for the instrumental role he played in the purchase of this 28-acre site in 1910. An additional 65 acres was donated to the city, in 1980 by the Turville Point Association. Between 1854 and 1910 this site housed several resorts, including the Water Cure from 1854-1857, the Lakeside Hotel from 1866-1877, and the Wisconsin Sunday School Assembly Camp from 1881-1908. — Map (db m35404) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 175 — Olson and Veerhusen Building / Hobbins Block — 1899 / 1906
This block is comprised of two buildings constructed seven years apart. Although altered, this block is significant as a representative example of the commercial building type and the early history of local commercial architecture. This building type was common at the turn of the 20th century, but now few groupings of late 19th and early 20th century commercial buildings remain in Madison. Of note are the Mediterranean Revival style elements visible at the second story which includes arcaded . . . — Map (db m62339) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — On the Air — Bascom Hill Historic District
In 1919, a group of students and professors gathered in the basement of Sterling Hall to transmit some of the earliest educational programming over the airwaves. Their regular broadcasts became the foundation of WHA, one of the oldest radio stations in continuous operation in the United States. A pioneer in using this new medium to teach its listeners, the station aired lectures, lessons and the world's first on-air sing-along, led in 1922 by Edgar "Pop" Gordon. For decades, it brought the . . . — Map (db m31987) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 138 — Orpheum Theater — Rapp and Rapp, Architects — 1925-1927
The Orpheum Theater is significant as the finest locally surviving theater from the movie palace era. Designed by preeminent theater architects Rapp and Rapp of Chicago, it features a distinctive Art Deco style faηade. Its French Renaissance style interior features a lobby and foyer with terrazzo staircases, decorative plaster, and walnut paneling. The theater features brocade fabric on the walls and crystal chandeliers. The building is significant for its association with the movie palace era . . . — Map (db m50085) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 39 — Orton Park — 1887
Originally chosen as the site for the Village of Madison Cemetery in 1846, the fathers of the growing city decided to disinter the bodies buried here a decade later upon acquisition of the Forest Hill site. Named for Supreme Court Justice Harlow S. Orton, the park was the first municipal facility of its type. Official dedication occurred in 1887, being the culmination of a twelve-year effort by Sixth Warders led by John George Ott. — Map (db m32616) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Orton Park
In 1887 this spot high over Lake Monona became the first Madison park. It is named in honor of Harlow S. Orton (1817-1895), Wisconsin Supreme Court Justice, Madison Mayor, Assemblyman, Circuit Court Judge, and University of Wisconsin Law School dean. As Madison Mayor and Common Council member, Orton cast the deciding vote that set aside this 3.5 acre area for park use. Formerly the Village of Madison Cemetery, by 1877 the burials had been moved to Forest Hill Cemetery. — Map (db m32646) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Otis Redding — The King of the Soul Singers — 1941 - 1967
This seating area is dedicated to honor the memory of Otis Redding, Jr., who lost his life in a plane crash in Lake Monona on December 10, 1967 while en route to a Madison engagement. Known as the "King of the Soul Singers," Redding was acclaimed during his life in France and England as the world's top popular male singer. Four months after his death, he achieved his first American number one record with "Dock of the Bay." On the morning of the flight to Madison, Redding had been . . . — Map (db m35249) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Outdoor markets are a Madison tradition — The Madison Heritage Series
Located in one of the richest agricultural counties in the country, Madison has always been a market town. But the farming community was out of luck in 1872 when state officials banned the hitching of horses on the interior side of Capitol Square. Farmers had to find a new place to tie their horses when shopping downtown. They chose the first block of East Washington Avenue, and a popular farmers’ market soon developed there. The Madison Businessmen’s Club used the same site from 1890 to 1906 . . . — Map (db m33481) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Panther Mound
To the native peoples who lived here, this water spirit represented the god of the underworld and has both spiritual and environmental significance. — Map (db m33514) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Pat Richter
Nine-time letterwinner in football, basketball, and baseball Consensus All-America end in 1962 Two-time first-team All-Big Ten selection Nation's leading receiver in 1961 Big Ten's leading receiver in 1961 and 1962 Then Rose Bowl-record 11 catches for 163 yards vs. No. 1 USC in 1963 Academic All-American in 1962 First-round NFL draft choice and eight-year member of the Washington Redskins Academic All-America Hall of Fame member and NCAA Silver Anniversary Award recipient College . . . — Map (db m45687) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Paunack Park
A.O. "Augie" Paunack (1879-1954) was a Madison native, the son of German immigrants. His business career began as a newspaper carrier and ended as the founder and president of the Commercial State Bank of Madison, a founder of radio station WIBA, and a builder of the old Capitol movie theater. The land was owned by his son, R.R. Paunack, who promoted the development and dedication of the property. — Map (db m31030) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 382 — Peck Cabin
Once located here, Peck Cabin -- Madison's first residence, business and post office -- was built by entrepreneurs Ebenezer and Roseline Peck in 1837. Constructing their cabin with adjoining additions near the new territorial capitol site, the Pecks opened their building as a public house and provided food, drink and lodging to visitors and new arrivals. On July 4th, 1837, the Pecks hosted the capitol cornerstone-laying celebration. Robert Ream assumed the business in 1838, and the cabin . . . — Map (db m31701) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Period Garden Park — City of Madison
Designed to preserve part of the original gracious character of the Mansion Hill area, the Period Garden Park incorporated historical elements that complement its two landmark neighbors, the Elisha Keyes House and the Timothy Brown House. The combination of grassy areas and large planted beds occurred frequently in early Madison domestic gardens. Curvilinear forms, brick walkways, carved sandstone step decorations and iron fencing were also familiar elements. When a thirty-unit apartment . . . — Map (db m38707) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 72 — Phi Gamma Delta House — Law, Law and Potter, Architects — 1928
This house is significant for its association with the Phi Gamma Delta fraternity as well as for its English Tudor revival style design by local master architects Law, Law and Potter. Executed in rusticated local limestone, the fraternity commissioned this house and therefore its interior plan is specially suited to the needs of an active fraternity. The house is divided into three sections: the street-facing part has a reception room and accommodations for visiting alumni; the lakeside . . . — Map (db m55465) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 151 — Philip Schoen Building — David R. Jones, Architect — 1875
The Schoen building is significant as an excellent example of an Italianate style commercial building from Madison's earliest commercial era. Constructed of local sandstone and designed by one of Madison's most influential architects, the building features an original cast iron storefront at the ground floor. Characteristics of the Italianate style are evident in the tall upper story windows featuring segmental arched, stone window hoods and similarly arched wood sash windows. This building was . . . — Map (db m60551) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 2 — Pierce House — 1857 — Kutzbock & Donnel
Built in the early Romanesque Revival style, this Prairie du Chien sandstone house exemplifies the ornate designs of local architects August Kutzbock and Samuel Donnel. In the 1850's and 60's, it was commissioned by Alexander A. McDonnell, contractor for the third State Capitol. Among later occupants of the house were Sarah Fairchild Dean Conover, a society dowager, and George Pierce, a power company executive. — Map (db m38740) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Pioneer Men and Women
In memory of the pioneer men and women who passed this way in covered wagons 1830-1930 Erected by John Bell Chapter Daughters of the American Revolution 1931 — Map (db m75656) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Pioneering Bacterial Genetics — College of Agricultural and Life Sciences
Geneticist Joshua Lederberg was the first University of Wisconsin faculty member to receive the Nobel Prize. His discovery of conjugation in bacterial cells was a milestone in biology and ushered in the new field of bacterial genetics. Soon, the genetics of the bacterium Escherichia coli became better understood than the genetics of all other organisms. Lederberg also discovered, with graduate student Norton Zinder, that a virus can carry genes from one bacterium to another through a prcoess . . . — Map (db m57031) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Pioneering Human Genetics — College of Agricultural and Life Sciences
While a University of Wisconsin genetics professor from 1960 to 1988, Oliver Smithies pioneered the targeted genetic modification of mouse embryonic stem cells. This discovery led to the development of "knockout" mice, which became an indispensable tool for studying the function of mammalian genes and understanding the root causes of human diseases. His earlier invention of gel electrophoresis also led to numerous molecular biology discoveries, including the sequencing of the human genome. . . . — Map (db m32580) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — 41 — Plough Inn — 1853, 1858
Originally constructed as the stone house of German immigrant August Paunack, the structure was converted to an inn in 1858. It was extended toward the road by a twenty-five foot brick addition in the Greek Revival vernacular. Owned by Englishman John Whare during this period, it stood on Wiota Road offering sustenance and shelter to travelers to and from the southwestern part of the state. — Map (db m45466) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Madison — Plough Inn
Tract entered at U.S. Land Office 1836 Plough Inn Stage Coach Stop and Tavern One of the oldest existing houses in Madison — Map (db m45470) HM
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