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Dona Ana County New Mexico – Historical Markers

Side 2 Of Marker image, Click for more information
By Julie Szabo, February 12, 2008
Side 2 Of Marker
New Mexico (Dona Ana County), Anthony — Brazito Battlefield
One of the few battles of the Mexican War to be fought in New Mexico occured near here on Christmas Day, 1846. U.S. troops under Colonel Alexander W. Doniphan defeated a Mexican army commanded by General Antonio Ponce de León. Two days later, . . . — Map (db m6552) HM
New Mexico (Dona Ana County), Anthony — Butterfield Trail/Espejo's Expedition/On the Camino Real
Stagecoaches of the Butterfield Overland Mail Co. began carrying passengers and mail from St. Louis to San Francisco, across southern New Mexico, in 1858. The 2,795-mile journey took 21-22 days. In 1861 the service was re-routed through Salt Lake . . . — Map (db m6553) HM
New Mexico (Dona Ana County), Anthony — Oñate’s Route On the Camino Real
Juan de Oñate, first governor of New Mexico, passed near here with his colonizing expedition in May, 1598. Traveling north, he designated official campsites (called parajes) on the Camino Real, used by expeditions that followed. In Oñate's . . . — Map (db m6549) HM
New Mexico (Dona Ana County), Dona Ana — Bartlett GarciaContinental Survey Point
On April 24, 1851, John Russell Bartlett for the United States and Pedro Garcia-Conde for the Republic of Mexico, erected near here a monument designating 32° 22’ north latitude on the Rio Grande as the initial point for the official survey of the . . . — Map (db m38177) HM
New Mexico (Dona Ana County), Dona Ana — Doña Ana(On the Camino Real)
This site, named after the legendary woman, Doña Ana, is first mentioned as a paraje along the Camino Real. Spanish rested near here as they retreated from New Mexico following the Pueblo Revolt of 1680. The community was founded in 1843 as the Doña . . . — Map (db m38178) HM
New Mexico (Dona Ana County), Dona Ana — Doña Ana (1604–1680)
The name of the county Doña Ana originates from Doña Ana Robledo, who died near here while fleeing south with other settlers during the 1680 Pueblo Revolt. She was buried below the peak that now bears her surname in the Robledo Mountains, so named . . . — Map (db m38176) HM
New Mexico (Dona Ana County), Dona Ana — Shalam Colony1884-1901
In 1884, Shalam Colony was established on the banks of the Rio Grande near the village of Doña Ana by John Ballou Newbrough and a group of Utopian followers called Faithists. Newbrough’s “Book of Shalam" set forth a plan for gathering the . . . — Map (db m38199) HM
New Mexico (Dona Ana County), Hatch — HatchPopulation 1,028  -  Elevation 4,055
Originally established as Santa Barbara in 1851, Apache raids drove the settlers away until 1853 when nearby Fort Thorn was established. Abandoned again in 1860 after the fort closed, it was reoccupied in 1875 and re-named for General Edward Hatch, . . . — Map (db m24745) HM
New Mexico (Dona Ana County), Las Cruces — America's First Battle of World War II: The Philippines
For America, WWII began of December 7, 1941, with the attack on Pearl Harbor, the first of Japan's day-long assault on locations throughout the Pacific. Major American installations on Luzon, the largest island of the Philippines, were also . . . — Map (db m38286) HM
New Mexico (Dona Ana County), Las Cruces — Civil War Battle of Mesilla & Major Lynde's RetreatJuly 24-27, 1861
On July 24, 1861, Lt. Col. John Robert Baylor led 300 men consisting of two companies of the Second Texas Mounted Rifles, a Texas light-artillery company without its howitzers, an El Paso County scout company, and some civilians from Fort Bliss to . . . — Map (db m38266) HM
New Mexico (Dona Ana County), Las Cruces — Doña Ana County Courthouse
County Seat Las Cruces, New Mexico Built 1937 — Map (db m38150) HM
New Mexico (Dona Ana County), Las Cruces — Fort Selden State Monument1865-1891
Fort Selden was established to protect settlers and railroad construction crews in the Mesilla Valley and the Jornada del Muerto from Apaches. The first regular army troops to garrison it were four companies of the black 125th Infantry. General . . . — Map (db m45085) HM
New Mexico (Dona Ana County), Las Cruces — Heroes of BataanThe New Mexico Story
More than fourteen hundred New Mexicans fought with the 200th Coast Artillery (CAC) Regiment defending the Philippines and the Bataan Peninsula at the beginning of World War II. The regiment received the Presidential Distinguished Unit Citation with . . . — Map (db m38293) HM
New Mexico (Dona Ana County), Las Cruces — Jornada del MuertoOn the Camino Real
This stretch of the Camino Real leaves the Ríó Grande and cuts across 90 miles of desert with little water or shelter. Despite its difficulty, the dreaded “Journey of the Deadman” was heavily used by Spanish, Mexican, and Anglo travelers . . . — Map (db m45083) HM
New Mexico (Dona Ana County), Las Cruces — La Mesilla
On November 16, 1854, a detachment from nearby Fort Fillmore raised the U.S. flag here confirming the Gadsden Purchase; thus the Gadsden territory was officially recognized as part of the United States. In 1858, the Butterfield stage began its run . . . — Map (db m38149) HM
New Mexico (Dona Ana County), Las Cruces — Las Cruces on the Camino RealPopulation 74,267 -- Elevation 3,909
In 1849, following the Mexican War, fields were first broken in Las Cruces. The town became a flourishing stop on the Camino Real, deriving its name, "The Crosses", from the marking of graves of victims of an Apache attack. Las Cruces since 1881 has . . . — Map (db m60679) HM
New Mexico (Dona Ana County), Las Cruces — María Gutiérrez SpencerAdvocate for Social Justice — (1919 - 1992)
Punished for not speaking English in school, María Gutiérrez Spencer devoted her life to validating the Indo-Hispano experience. A graduate of University of California, Berkeley and New Mexico State University, she pioneered bilingual and bicultural . . . — Map (db m89687) HM
New Mexico (Dona Ana County), Las Cruces — Miller Field Gates
There are three markers mounted on The Gates Marker A: Miller Field Gates The New Mexico A&M senior class built these gates to Miller Field in 1924. The athletic field, stretching north and west from the gates was said to be . . . — Map (db m89686) HM
New Mexico (Dona Ana County), Las Cruces — Nike Hercules Missile
Anti-aircraft missiles like this Nike Hercules once stood guard around many major U.S. cities and facilities during the Cold War. They were capable of knocking down high-flying, fast-moving bombers with high-explosive warheads or, equipped with a . . . — Map (db m38295) HM
New Mexico (Dona Ana County), Las Cruces — Paraje San Diego
This paraje, or stopping place, provided travelers along the Camino Real with a final opportunity to water their stock and prepare their caravans before leaving the Rio Grande Valley and entering the desolate Jornada del Muerto. Caravans on . . . — Map (db m45084) HM
New Mexico (Dona Ana County), Las Cruces — Pat Garrett Murder Site
Pat Garrett, the Lincoln County Sheriff who shot and killed William “Billy the Kid” Bonney at Fort Stanton in 1881, was himself murdered at a remote site nearby on February 29, 1908. Wayne Brazel, a local cowboy, confessed to shooting . . . — Map (db m73711) HM
New Mexico (Dona Ana County), Las Cruces — Rio Grande
Marker Front: The Rio Grande (big river) has been an integral part of the history of New Mexico for thousands of years. Running through the entire state, it is both its backbone and lifeblood. It originates in the southern Rocky Mountains of . . . — Map (db m67023) HM
New Mexico (Dona Ana County), Las Cruces — Rio Grande Theatre1926 — City of Las Cruces
Has been placed on the National Register of Historic Buildings By the United States Department Of the Interior — Map (db m38271) HM
New Mexico (Dona Ana County), Las Cruces — San Augustín Pass
Divide between the Tularosa Basin to the east and Jornada del Muerto to the west, cut between the Organ Mountains to the south and the San Augustín-San Andrés Mountains to the north. White gypsum sands glisten to the northeast. Roadcuts in Tertiary . . . — Map (db m38153) HM
New Mexico (Dona Ana County), Las Cruces — Site of San Agustín Springs
Here on July 27, 1861, less than 300 Confederate troops intercepted 500 Union soldiers retreating from Fort Fillmore to Fort Stanton. Exhausted from the heat and famished for water, the Union troops straggled across the desert in a five-mile . . . — Map (db m38154) HM
New Mexico (Dona Ana County), Las Cruces — The Historic Green Bridge
This structure is the oldest steel highway bridge in New Mexico, built in 1902 by Chaves County as part of the three-span Pecos River Bridge east of Roswell. There it connected the growing town with the smaller communities and ranches of the Eastern . . . — Map (db m89690) HM
New Mexico (Dona Ana County), Mesilla — All Servicemen and Women
In memory of: all Servicemen and Women of the Armed Forces who served their God and Country Dedicated July 4, 1957 by Ray McCorkle Post No. 3242 Veterans of Foreign Wars — Map (db m6989) HM
New Mexico (Dona Ana County), Mesilla — Butterfield Overland TrailSouth Central Region
Overland mail stage line, St. Louis to San Francisco 1858-1861 Forerunner to the Pony Express — Map (db m6987) HM
New Mexico (Dona Ana County), Mesilla — Doña Ana County Courthouse and Jail
has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior 1850 — Map (db m26924) HM
New Mexico (Dona Ana County), Mesilla — Head Quarters, Dept. of New MexicoFort Fillmore, Nov. 15th, 1854
I. The laws of the United States having been extended by proclamation over the Mesilla Valley and the territory recently acquired from the Republic of Mexico, the undersigned as military Commander of the same directs that Lt. Colonel Miles 3rd . . . — Map (db m6991) HM
New Mexico (Dona Ana County), Mesilla — La Mesilla
After the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, which concluded the Mexican War in 1848, the Mexican government commissioned Cura Ramón Ortiz to settle Mesilla. He brought families from New Mexico and from Paso del Norte (modern Ciúdad Juárez) to populate . . . — Map (db m6986) HM
New Mexico (Dona Ana County), Mesilla — Plaza de Mesilla
Conservation made possible by grants from United States Department of Commerce Economic Development Administration New Mexico American Revolution Bicentennial Commission and by matching funds from the Town of Mesilla and individual . . . — Map (db m6988) HM
New Mexico (Dona Ana County), Mesilla — The Gadsden Purchase Celebration
The Gadsden Purchase celebration held at Mesilla New Mexico in 1854.                         By A. J. Fountain Sr. Map (db m6992) HM
New Mexico (Dona Ana County), Radium Springs — Fort Selden Cemetery
Fort Selden was established nearby in 1865 to help protect the settlements of the Mesilla Valley and travelers along the Jornada del Muerto from Apache raids. The post cemetery was located in this field until the fort was abandoned in 1891. Military . . . — Map (db m38201) HM
New Mexico (Dona Ana County), Radium Springs — Jornada del MuertoOn the Camino Real
This stretch of the Camino Real leaves the Río Grande and cuts across 90 miles of desert with little water or shelter. Despite its difficulty, the dreaded “Journey of the Deadman” was heavily used by Spanish, Mexican, and Anglo travelers . . . — Map (db m38205) HM
New Mexico (Dona Ana County), Radium Springs — Jornada del Muerto
High plains of the Jornada del Muerto, elevation 4,340 feet, lie 400 feet above the Rio Grande Valley. It is a transitional area from the Basin and Range region to the west into tilted mountain ranges, such as the San Andres Mountains to the east, . . . — Map (db m38206) HM
New Mexico (Dona Ana County), Radium Springs — Paraje de Robledo
This paraje or resting place was named for Pedro Robledo, a member of the Juan de Oñate expedition, who was buried nearby on May 21, 1598. This camping place was a welcome sight for caravans entering or exiting the dreaded Jornada del . . . — Map (db m38200) HM
New Mexico (Dona Ana County), Radium Springs — Paraje San Diego
This paraje, or stopping place, provided travelers along the Camino Real with a final opportunity to water their stock and prepare their caravans before leaving the Rio Grande Valley and entering the desolate Jornada del Muerto. Caravans on their . . . — Map (db m38204) HM
New Mexico (Dona Ana County), Radium Springs — Rio Grandé Bridge at Radium Springs
This structure – one of the best surviving examples of timber and beam bridge construction in the state – was erected in 1933. The superstructure consists of 19 spans, each 25 feet in length. The roadway is 475 feet long. During the . . . — Map (db m38202) HM
New Mexico (Dona Ana County), Rincon — Rincón
Rincón was originally named El Rincón de Fray Diego in honor of a 17th century Franciscan who died here. Established as a settlement called Thorne in 1881, it became Rincón in 1883. With the establishment of the Santa Fe Railroad, Rincón . . . — Map (db m45082) HM
New Mexico (Dona Ana County), Sunland Park — El Paso Del Rio Del Norte
This canyon cut here by the Rio Grande marks the crossing of the historic Camino Real, or Royal Road, to La Tierra Adentra. Trackers and traders crossed the river here to begin the arduous journey north to Santa Fe. Permanent settlement of this area . . . — Map (db m38103) HM
New Mexico (Dona Ana County), Sunland Park — International Boundary and Water CommissionInternational Boundary Marker #1
[English Translation Marker:] The first international monument of the 276 monuments installed to the west along the international land boundary which marks the international boundary between the United States and Mexico. This monument . . . — Map (db m38105) HM
New Mexico (Dona Ana County), Valdo — Paraje de los Brazitos
Here the Camino Real between Santa Fe and El Paso passed along the eastern bank of the Rio Grande near a brazito, or small branch of the river that created a small island. At this paraje, or stopping place, American troops defeated a . . . — Map (db m38148) HM
New Mexico (Dona Ana County), White Sands — White Sands Missile RangeThe American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronatics Historic Aerospace Site
White Sands Proving Ground, as it was first called, is home to America’s first large-scale rocket and missile launch facilities. Established in 1945, the launching here of 67 V-2 rockets and many other vehicles propelled the United States into the . . . — Map (db m71526) HM WM

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