|Wisconsin (Door County), Baileys Harbor — Baileys Harbor Lower Range Light|
| This lower rangelight and the upper rangelight residence, 950 feet inland, were built by the U.S. Lighthouse Service in 1869. The upper rangelight also served as the lighthouse keepers residence and is 15 feet taller than the lower tower. this enabled ships entering the harbor to align the lights at night and the towers during the day preventing them from running aground on hidden reefs near the harbor entrance. The lanterns were originally fueled by lard or whale oil, then by kerosene and . . . — Map (db m39252) HM|
|Wisconsin (Door County), Brussels — Well Site — Tornado Memorial Park|
|During the fire of October 8, 1871, this well site was used by seven persons as a place of refuge. The last man to the well found the wood curb on fire. After tearing off the curb he entered the well and pulled a wet blanket over the opening. Five of the seven survived. — Map (db m39008) HM|
|Wisconsin (Door County), Egg Harbor — Halfway to the North Pole|
|The 45th parallel (45 Degrees North Latitude) runs through this wayside. This is the midpoint between the equator and North Pole. But because the Earth is slightly flattened at the poles, the distance from the 45th parallel to the North Pole is approximately 3117 miles and to the equator approximately 3105 miles.
Polaris (North Star) is directly above the North Pole. Therefore the angle between this point and Polaris is 45 degrees.
Door County Historical Society – 2000 — Map (db m26713) HM|
|Wisconsin (Door County), Ephraim — Anderson Dock|
|Aslag Anderson, Norwegian born mill-wright, built this store and dock in 1858.
The dock served as the transportation center for this area from the sailing days through the steamship era in the 1920's.
On Anderson's death in 1892, two of his children, Adolph and Lizzie, took over the management of the store and dock. In 1952 the dock was acquired by the village. With the aid of the Ephraim Foundation, it was restored to its present condition.
This stone is erected in honor of . . . — Map (db m57690) HM|
|Wisconsin (Door County), Ephraim — First Permanent Colony in Door County|
A.M. Iverson, Pastor
landed May, 1853,
forming the first
in Door County
Erected 1923 — Map (db m15714) HM|
|Wisconsin (Door County), Fish Creek — 386 — The Alexander Noble House|
|The Alexander Noble House was built in 1875 on land purchased from Asa Thorp, the founder of the Village of Fish Creek. This Greek Revival Style-influenced residence is the Village's oldest existing dwelling still in its original location. Born in Scotland in 1829, Alexander Noble immigrated to Canada in 1840 and settled in Fish Creek in 1855 where he lived until his death in 1905. He was a blacksmith by trade and served for many years as town chairman, postmaster and member of the county board. — Map (db m12122) HM|
|Wisconsin (Door County), Gills Rock — Pilot Island Site — Historic Shipwrecks — Wisconsin's Maritime Trails|
J.E. Gilmore ·
Type: wooden schooner ·
Built: 1867, Asa Wilcox, ·
Three Mile Bay, N.Y. ·
Length: 137.7' ·
Beam: 25.4' ·
Propulsion: sail, 2 masted.
Type: wooden scow-schooner ·
Built: 1857, David Lester, ·
Newport, Mich. / rebuilt 1880 ·
Length: 87.5' / rebuilt 115.6' ·
Beam: 22.25' / rebuilt 23' ·
Propulsion: sail, 2 masted / rebuilt 3 masted.
A.P. Nichols ·
Type: wooden schooner ·
Built: 1861, Bailey Brothers, . . . — Map (db m38339) HM|
|Wisconsin (Door County), Jacksonport — Halfway to the North Pole|
|The 45th parallel (45 Degrees North Latitude) runs through a point one half mile south of this wayside (intersection of Hwy. 57 and Logerquist Road). This is the geographical midpoint between the equator and North Pole. But, because the earth is slightly flattened at the poles, the distance from the 45th parallel to the North Pole is approximately 3117 miles and to the equator approximately 3105 miles.
Polaris (North Star) is directly above the North Pole. Therefore, the angle between . . . — Map (db m26671) HM|
|Wisconsin (Door County), Jacksonport — 493 — Jacksonport United Methodist Church|
|Also known as “The Little White Church by the Lake,” the Jacksonport United Methodist Church was completed in 1892. Its simple design is attributed to George Bagnall Sr., one of the original builders. Alex Halstead, Harry Wilson Sr. and Jed Jones helped in its construction. The church retains its original straight pews, white altar rail and pulpit, as well as its original Epworth reed organ. Current church rolls show many of the same family names as in the 1890s. Services are still held here May through October, and Christmas Eve. — Map (db m12114) HM|
|Wisconsin (Door County), Jacksonport — 544 — Zion Evangelical Lutheran Church|
|On January 18, 1889, Zion Evangelical Lutheran Church was formally incorporated. The congregation consisted mostly of German Lutheran immigrants from the district of Saxon-Weimar-Eisenach who settled in the Jacksonport area. That spring the newly organized congregation started to construct a forty-by-twenty-eight-foot wood-frame structure using locally donated logs. The land was provided by John and Rose Anschutz, the foundation by Ernest Wiegand, the lime by John Flock, and a week's labor by . . . — Map (db m67017) HM|
|Wisconsin (Door County), Jacksonsport — 521 — The Episcopal Church of the Holy Nativity|
|The Reverend W. R. Gardner founded the Episcopal Church of the Holy Nativity in 1882 to serve the Canadian Anglicans who had relocated to the area after the Civil War to cut and haul timber. Services were held once a month at the village schoolhouse. Later, $100 was raised to purchase 60 acres, sufficient for buildings and farmable land for a clergyman. The church cornerstone was laid September 24, 1885, and the first service was held July 25, 1886. While the church's original form is intact, . . . — Map (db m59212) HM|
|Wisconsin (Door County), Namur — 321 — Belgian Settlement in Wisconsin|
|Wisconsin's and the nation's largest Belgian American settlement is located in portions of Brown, Kewaunee and Door counties adjacent to the waters of Green Bay. Walloon-speaking Belgians settled the region in the 1850s and still constitute a high proportion of the population. A variety of elements attests to the Belgian American presence: place names (Brussels, Namur, Rosiere, Luxemburg), a local French patois, common surnames, unique foods (boohyah, trippe, jutt), the Kermiss harvest . . . — Map (db m12141) HM|
|Wisconsin (Door County), Sturgeon Bay — "The Old Rugged Cross"|
|Most popular and widely accepted Christian hymn "The Old Rugged Cross" completed by Rev. George Bennard during Evangelistic meetings here Dec. 29, 1912 - Jan. 12, 1913
First sung as a quartet in the Friends Church Parlors and as a duet at the last service from penciled words and notes
"The Old Rugged Cross"
On a hill far away stood an old rugged cross,
The emblem of suffering and shame;
And I love that old cross where the dearest and best
For a world of lost sinners was . . . — Map (db m59215) HM|
|Wisconsin (Door County), Sturgeon Bay — ‘Old Bell’ Tower|
|A modern rendition of Bank of Sturgeon Bay's original tower erected in 1900 on the NW corner of 3rd Ave. & Kentucky St., and removed in 1939. The original bell was reacquired with the cooperation of the First Baptist Church of Sturgeon Bay where it had called parishioners to worship since 1946.
Dedicated to the people of Door County who have the courage to dream and give life their best.
January, 26, 1990
Commemorated in honor of
Bank of Sturgeon Bay's 100th Anniversary — Map (db m15722) HM|
|Wisconsin (Door County), Sturgeon Bay — Bradley Crandall Sawmill Site|
|This sawmill led to the
founding of Sturgeon Bay
The Founding of Little Lake
Sturgeon Bay's first major settlement was founded in 1853 with the construction of the Bradley-Crandall Sawmill. The original mill was located on a small island and had a workforce of 30 – 40 people, about half the population of the area. Life was hard and transportation difficult. Wild animals were prevalent, especially bears and wolves.
The channel between the island and the . . . — Map (db m26859) HM|
|Wisconsin (Door County), Sturgeon Bay — Eastern Terminus Ice Age National Scenic Trail — Potawatomi State Park|
| This site marks the Eastern Terminus of the Ice Age National Scenic Trail. The Trail was designated a National Scenic Trail by Congress in 1980 and Wisconsin's first State Scenic Trail in 1987. The Western Terminus is in Interstate State Park on the Minnesota border near St. Croix Falls.|
Commemorating the Wisconsin Glaciation, which ended about 10,000 years ago, this 1,200-mile trail highlights the landscape formed by the forces that shaped much of North America.
The National Park . . . — Map (db m39249) HM
|Wisconsin (Door County), Sturgeon Bay — Historic Sturgeon Bay — Downtown Historic District|
|The Downtown Historic District includes over forty late 19th and early 20th century commercial, civic and converted buildings. It is located along the three block long heart of Sturgeon Bay's traditional downtown. The District grew as a casual grid of stump studded streets on the higher land above the bay for which the city was named. A formal plat of the District was not prepared until 1855.
The District was the commercial "crossroads" of Sturgeon Bay since the city's founding. It was the . . . — Map (db m26885) HM|
|Wisconsin (Door County), Sturgeon Bay — 417 — Leathem and Smith Quarry|
|John Leathem and Thomas Smith established this dolomite quarry at the mouth of Sturgeon Bay in 1893. Though they produced dimension stone for building harbors around Lake Michigan, Leathem and Smith's quarry became a major operation by capitalizing on the growing demand for crushed stone for roads, railroad beds and concrete. In 1914, a huge stone crushing plant was constructed on the lower quarry floor. On the upper level, a steam shovel loaded stone into carts, which were hauled to the . . . — Map (db m39345) HM|
|Wisconsin (Door County), Sturgeon Bay — Portage Park|
the Indian canoe portage
between Lake MIchigan
Sturgeon Bay — Map (db m39092) HM|
|Wisconsin (Door County), Sturgeon Bay — Steam Barge Joys — Historic Shipwreck — Wisconsin's Maritime Trails|
|Resting 150 yards off shore from here is the wreckage of the steam barge Joys, a vessel once hailed as a “greyhound among lumber carriers” for her record-breaking speed. The Joys was constructed in 1884 in the Milwaukee Ship Yard Company. She hauled lumber, iron, and stone through the Sturgeon Bay ship canal between Menominee and the ports of Milwaukee, Chicago, Manistee and Michigan City. The Joys’ career ended on December 23, 1898. While at anchor in the canal, a fire broke out . . . — Map (db m43400) HM|
|Wisconsin (Door County), Sturgeon Bay — Sturgeon Bay and Lake Michigan Ship Canal|
|This canal was the dream of Joseph Harris, Sr., "the Father of the Sturgeon Bay and Lake Michigan Ship Canal." His intent was not only to provide a shorter and safer route for sailing vessels, but to also become rich by selling building lots along the canal in the town of "Harrisburg" that would surely result along the lake end of the canal. After much work, lobbying, and a change in the canal location, a state charter was granted in 1864 to his Sturgeon Bay and Lake Michigan Ship Canal and . . . — Map (db m15196) HM|
|Wisconsin (Door County), Sturgeon Bay — The Old Bridge|
|In pioneer times, private boats and commercial ferries were used to cross the waters of Sturgeon Bay. In 1887 the crossing became considerable [sic] easier when John D. Leathem and Thomas H. Smith completed a toll bridge consisting of a wooden plank road on a timber pile trestle and a center pivoting truss bridge to allow for boat passage. Tolls charged for crossing the bridge included "75¢ for threshing outfits," "25¢ for team and rider" and "5¢ per head for foot passengers."
In 1891, the . . . — Map (db m43677) HM|
|Wisconsin (Door County), Sturgeon Bay — 98 — The Orchards of Door County|
|In 1858 Joseph Zettel, a native of Switzerland, acquired the farm directly south of this Station and established the first commercial orchard on the Door Peninsula. The high yields and quality of his fruit aroused the interest of Emmett S. Goff of the University of Wisconsin and Arthur L. Hatch, orchardist, and led to the discovery that the Peninsula is remarkably suited for fruit growing. In 1892 Goff and Hatch planted a small acreage to cherries, apples and plums. Commercial production of red . . . — Map (db m5190) HM|
|Wisconsin (Door County), Sturgeon Bay — Wisconsin State Rock|
|This monument is an intrusive igneous red granite rock — the official rock of the State of Wisconsin. It was quarried near Wausau, Wisconsin, and specifically known as "Wisconsin Ruby Red." It was crystallized from magma about 1750 million years ago.
The red mineral in this rock, potassium feldspar (microcline) is colored by finely divided hematite. Quartz is the glassy material and other minerals are oligoclase and biolite.
Granite is found in many textures and colors, gray, . . . — Map (db m15205) HM|