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Eddy County New Mexico – Historical Markers

<i>rear of:</i> Artesia Marker image, Click for more information
By Bill Kirchner, October 26, 2012
rear of: Artesia Marker
New Mexico (Eddy County), Artesia — ArtesiaPopulation 10,385 – Elevation 3,350
Artesia, named for the area's many artesian wells, lies on the route of the Pecos Valley cattle trails used by Charles Goodnight, Oliver Loving, and John S. Chisum. The town, established in 1903, is located in what was once part of Chisum's vast . . . — Map (db m61444) HM
New Mexico (Eddy County), Artesia — ArtesiaPopulation 10,385 – Elevation 3,350
Artesia, named for the area's many artesian wells, lies on the route of the Pecos Valley cattle trails used by Charles Goodnight, Oliver Loving, and John S. Chisum. The town, established in 1903, is located in what was once part of Chisum's vast . . . — Map (db m61456) HM
New Mexico (Eddy County), Artesia — Castaño de Sosa’s Route
In 1590-91 Gaspar Castaño de Sosa, a Portuguese by birth, took an expedition up the Pecos River in an attempt to establish a colony in New Mexico. His venture was a failure, but it led to a permanent settlement under Don Juan de Oñate in 1598. . . . — Map (db m61454) HM
New Mexico (Eddy County), Artesia — First Lady of Artesia
Dedicated to the Spirit of the Pioneer Woman Sculptor: Robert Summers Foundry: Eagle Bronze First Lady of Artesia is approximately 12 feet tall and 6 feet in diameter. The artist designed Sallie Chisum from several photographs . . . — Map (db m73436) HM
New Mexico (Eddy County), Artesia — Independent Spirit
The men who drove cattle from Texas up along the Pecos River during the mid-1860s until the barbed-wire era of the early 1900s were tough, independent and courageous. Those who chose to settle down and ranch in the surrounding plains or rugged . . . — Map (db m61443) HM
New Mexico (Eddy County), Artesia — Seven Rivers Cemetery
Seven Rivers was located south of Artesia near the confluence of seven branches of a stream that flowed into the Pecos River. Settled in the mid-1860s, the town flourished as a trading post and refuge for participants in the Lincoln County War. The . . . — Map (db m61457) HM
New Mexico (Eddy County), Artesia — The Derrick Floor
Dedicated to the men and women who take the risks and do the work to find, produce and refine New Mexico oil and gas. This monument of a 1950s drilling rig is unveiled in celebration of the 80th anniversary of the Illinois #3, the first commercial . . . — Map (db m61445) HM
New Mexico (Eddy County), Carlsbad — Carlsbad Caverns National Park
These vast and magnificent caverns contain over 21 miles of explored corridors. The chambers contain countless stalactites and stalagmites unrivaled in size and beauty. The caverns are within a reef that formed in an ancient sea 240 million years . . . — Map (db m61473) HM
New Mexico (Eddy County), Carlsbad — Carlsbad Caverns National ParkCCC Rattlesnake Springs Campsite
The Civilian Conservation Corps provided employment for more than 50,000 young men in New Mexico during the great depression of the 1930's. At the National Park Service CCC Camp, they developed nearby Rattle Snake Springs into a permanent water . . . — Map (db m61474) HM
New Mexico (Eddy County), Carlsbad — Carlsbad Irrigation Flume
The massive concrete flume in the distance carries water from the Pecos River to irrigate much of the farmland in this area. It is a vital link in an extensive irrigation system which made possible development of the region's agricultural resources. . . . — Map (db m61458) HM
New Mexico (Eddy County), Carlsbad — Civilian Conservation Corps Carlsbad Campsite
The Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) provided employment for more than 50,000 young men in New Mexico during the Great Depression as part of President Roosevelt's New Deal Program. Three CCC companies were located where the Carlsbad Hospital now . . . — Map (db m61461) HM
New Mexico (Eddy County), Carlsbad — Goodnight-Loving Trail
After leaving Fort Sumner, the Goodnight-Loving Trail forked in two directions. This branch, developed by Oliver Loving in 1866, followed the Pecos River to Las Vegas, and the Santa Fe Trail to Raton Pass. The great Texas cattle drives followed this . . . — Map (db m61469) HM
New Mexico (Eddy County), Carlsbad — Guadalupe Escarpment Scenic Area
Fellow Travelers, imagine the land and mountains before you covered by a deep inland sea. Then imagine a large reef forming over 255 million years ago. As the inland sea vanished minerals such as calcite and aragonite bonded together the sea life . . . — Map (db m61488) HM
New Mexico (Eddy County), Carlsbad — Guadalupe Mountains
Guadalupe Mountains to southwest rise from Pecos River Valley, with higher southern peaks at 8,750 feet. Bold escarpment is of famous Capitan limestone, an ancient reef similar to Great Barrier Reef of Australia, and host to Carlsbad Caverns as well . . . — Map (db m61487) HM
New Mexico (Eddy County), Carlsbad — Stephen Tyng MatherJuly 4, 1887 - Jan. 22, 1930
He laid the foundation of the National Park Service defining and establishing the policies under which its areas shall be developed and conserved unimpaired for future generations. There will never come an end to the good that he has done. — Map (db m5979) HM
New Mexico (Eddy County), Loving — Espejo's Trail
Don Antonio de Espejo, leader of the third expedition to explore New Mexico, passed near here on his return to Mexico City in 1583. After learning of the martyrdom of two Franciscan friars from an earlier expedition, he explored the Pueblo country . . . — Map (db m61472) HM
New Mexico (Eddy County), Loving — Loving's Bend
In July 1867 Oliver Loving, a partner in the Goodnight-Loving cattle concern, was attacked by Comanches while driving cattle to Fort Sumner. Wounded, Loving held off the attack for two days and nights. With the help of Mexican traders, he made it to . . . — Map (db m61471) HM

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