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Edgefield County South Carolina – Historical Markers

Edgefield County Memorial image, Click for more information
By Brian Scott, October 10, 2008
Edgefield County Memorial
South Carolina (Edgefield County), Edgefield — A History of Violence
From its earliest history, Edgefield developed a reputation for violence. The bloody fighting of the Cherokee War of 1760 was followed by years of lawlessness and retribution during the Regulator period. period. During the American Revolution . . . — Map (db m12534) HM
South Carolina (Edgefield County), Edgefield — Agricultural History
In the 18th century, Edgefield County had largely a subsistence economy in which the settlers consumed what they raised. Beginning around 1800, following the invention of the cotton gin, planters began to grow cotton, which became an extremely . . . — Map (db m12587) HM
South Carolina (Edgefield County), Edgefield — Andrew Pickens — November 13, 1779 - July 1, 1838 — Governor 1816-1818
The son of General Andrew Pickens, he served as a Colonel in the War of 1812. During his term as Governor, there was considerable focus on building roads and canals in the state. His son, Francis W. Pickens, was also Governor of . . . — Map (db m12877) HM
South Carolina (Edgefield County), Edgefield — Benjamin Ryan Tillman — August 11, 1847 - July 3, 1918 — Governor 1890-1894
. . . — Map (db m12919) HM
South Carolina (Edgefield County), Edgefield — 19-18 — Edgefield
(Front text) Edgefield was founded in 1785 as the county seat and site of the new courthouse and jail for Edgefield County, created out of the old Ninety-Six District. Also called Edgefield Village or Edgefield Court House, it was described . . . — Map (db m47517) HM
South Carolina (Edgefield County), Edgefield — Edgefield County
Present-day Edgefield County was first settled in the 1750's, then a portion of a vast unsettled region of virgin forests, abundant wildlife and Indian tribes. From the time of the first settlements through the period of the American Revolution, . . . — Map (db m12583) HM
South Carolina (Edgefield County), Edgefield — Edgefield County Confederate Monument
Erected by the Women of Edgefield, S.C. to the Memory of their Confederate Dead. — Map (db m12634) HM
South Carolina (Edgefield County), Edgefield — Edgefield County Veterans Memorial
[Front]: Dedicated in grateful tribute to the men and women of Edgefield County who served in the armed forces of our country during World War I-II and Korean War in preserving our freedom and our way of life. . . . — Map (db m12631) WM
South Carolina (Edgefield County), Edgefield — Edgefield County World War I Memorial
Erected by the Edgefield Daughters of the American Revolution in memory of the men from Edgefield County who gave their lives in the War with Germany; and to all who answered their country's call in service and sacrifice and still live . . . — Map (db m12621) HM
South Carolina (Edgefield County), Edgefield — 19-8 — Edgefield United Methodist Church / The Reverend Joseph Moore
Edgefield United Methodist Church By 1841, this congregation was established and was a member of the Edgefield circuit. The present structure was dedicated in November of 1892 by Bishop W.W. Duncan. The Reverend Joseph Moore sold to the church . . . — Map (db m12656) HM
South Carolina (Edgefield County), Edgefield — 19-3 — First Baptist Church / Village Cemetery
First Baptist Church Founded in 1823 as Edgefield Baptist Church, with Basil Manly, Sr., Pastor, Matthew Mims, Clerk, and Arthur Simkins, Moderator, this church led in the establishment here in 1826 of Furman Academy and Theological . . . — Map (db m12671) HM
South Carolina (Edgefield County), Edgefield — First Term of Court
. . . — Map (db m12595) HM
South Carolina (Edgefield County), Edgefield — Francis Wilkinson Pickens — April 7, 1805 - January 25, 1896 — Governor 1860-1862
From 1858 to 1860 he was U.S. Minister to Russia. As Governor, his order to fire on a Union Ship in Charleston Harbor led to the start of the War Between the States. He lived at Edgewood, one of Edgefield's greatest homes. He is . . . — Map (db m12905) HM
South Carolina (Edgefield County), Edgefield — George McDuffie — August 10, 1790 - March 11, 1851 — Governor 1834-1836
. . . — Map (db m12878) HM
South Carolina (Edgefield County), Edgefield — Governors and Lieutenant Governors from Edgefield
A tribute to the Governers and Lieutenant Governors of South Carolina who were natives of or at one time residents of Edgefield District or County. Governors Andrew Pickens II (1816-18) George McDuffie (1834-36) Pierce Mason . . . — Map (db m12645) HM
South Carolina (Edgefield County), Edgefield — Industrial History
About 1810, Dr. Abner Landrum developed Edgefield's first major industry, a pottery factory at "Pottersville." The most famous potter in Edgefield's history was an African American slave named "Dave." In the 1820's, Henry Schultz, a native of . . . — Map (db m12592) HM
South Carolina (Edgefield County), Edgefield — Israel Mukashy Building
Prior to the fire of 1881, this was the site of the store and barroom of A.A. Clisby (1848-1916) where the infamous Booth-Toney Shootout of 1878 occurred. (See the that marker for further information.) The present building was built in 1891 by . . . — Map (db m12494) HM
South Carolina (Edgefield County), Edgefield — J. Strom Thurmond
Native of Edgefield Born 1902 County Supt. of Education 1929-1933 State Senator 1933-1938 Circuit Judge 1938-1946 U.S. Army - World War II 1942-1946 Governor of South Carolina 1947-1951 United States Senate 1954- Chairman - Senate . . . — Map (db m12653) HM
South Carolina (Edgefield County), Edgefield — 19-13 — J. Strom Thurmond Birthplace
[Front]: J. Strom Thurmond, by mid-1997 the longest-serving U.S. Senator in history, was born here to J. William and Gertrude Strom Thurmond Dec. 5, 1902. educated at Clemson College, he taught high school 1923-29, was county . . . — Map (db m12408) HM
South Carolina (Edgefield County), Edgefield — James Henry Hammond — November 15, 1809 - November 13, 1864 — Governor 1842-1844
In addition to serving in the U.S. Congress and Senate, Hammond was a very successful planter and agricultural entrepreneur. He coined the phrase "Cotton is King" while in the Senate. "Redcliffe", his plantation home at Beech Island, is now a state . . . — Map (db m12897) HM
South Carolina (Edgefield County), Edgefield — James Strom Thurmond — December 5, 1902-June 26, 2003 — Governor 1947-1951
The longest serving and oldest Senator in American history, he began his public service as Edgefield County Superintendent of Education in 1929. A decorated soldier and circuit court judge, he was elected in the U.S. Senate as a write in candidate . . . — Map (db m12933) HM
South Carolina (Edgefield County), Edgefield — John Calhoun Sheppard — July 5, 1850 - October 17, 1931 — Governor 1886
He served a Speaker of the South Carolina House and was elected Lieutenant Governor in 1882 and 1884. Sheppard was a leader of the Conservative movement of the 1890's in opposition to Tillman. He is buried in Willowbrook Cemetery in Edgefield. — Map (db m12912) HM
South Carolina (Edgefield County), Edgefield — John Gary Evans — October 15, 1863 - June 22, 1942 — Governor 1894-1897
The youngest Governor in South Carolina history, Evans served in the House and Senate before being elected Governor. He was a veteran of the Spanish-American War and is buried in Willowbrook Cemetery in Edgefield. — Map (db m12923) HM
South Carolina (Edgefield County), Edgefield — Lynch Building
This is the site of W.E. Lynch & Company, a drug store form 1877 until 1969. The business was founded by William Edward Lynch (1851-1896), and continued by his wife, Kate Holstein Lynch (1854-1923), and son, W. Charlton Lynch (1882-1924) for nearly . . . — Map (db m12441) HM
South Carolina (Edgefield County), Edgefield — M60A3 Main Battle Tank
The M60A3 was designed in 1956 and entered service in 1960. The M60 is a big, tall tank with a rounded turret and heavy armor for its time. The A1 and A2 versions both fought in Vietnam. The A3 version has improved night sights, laser rather than . . . — Map (db m80343) HM
South Carolina (Edgefield County), Edgefield — Martha M. Rich Building
This building is dedicated to Martha M. Rich for her long and faithful service to Edgefield County. County Council Members C. Monroe Kneece - Chairman Samuel B. Speight - Vice Chairman Betty Ann Butler Norman Dorn Hazel M. Kitchens . . . — Map (db m12629) HM
South Carolina (Edgefield County), Edgefield — Milledge Luke Bonham — December 25, 1813 - August 27, 1890 — Governor 1862-1864
Bonham was a Colonel in the Palmetto Regiment in the Mexican war, a brigadier general during the War Between the States and served in the C.S.A. Congress prior to being elected Governor. He was the second consecutive Governor from Edgefield during . . . — Map (db m12909) HM
South Carolina (Edgefield County), Edgefield — Oakley Park Museum — Witness to Edgefield's Social and Political History
Oakley Park was built in 1835 by a prosperous Edgefield planter, Daniel Bird. In 1841, Bird's son was tragically killed in a shoot-out in front of the Edgefield County Courthouse. Suffering great sorrow at his loss, Bird sold his home and left town . . . — Map (db m12410) HM
South Carolina (Edgefield County), Edgefield — 19-1 — Old Law Building
Site of law offices of Eldred Simkins Congressman, Lt.-Governor George McDuffie Congressman, Governor, U.S. Senator Francis W. Pickens Congressman, Governor, Minister to Russia Francis H. Wardlaw Author of . . . — Map (db m12657) HM
South Carolina (Edgefield County), Edgefield — 19-4 — Old Simkins Cemetery
1/2 mile west, on "Ceder Fields" plantation, is buried the family of Captain Arthur Simkins, soldier in the American Revolution and a founder of Edgefield. Born in Virginia on Dec. 10, 1742, he died Sept. 29, 1826. He was a county court judge, a . . . — Map (db m12333) HM
South Carolina (Edgefield County), Edgefield — Original Site of Furman Academy
1826 Original site of Furman Academy and Theological Institution. Marked by the Old 96 District Chapter, Daughters of the American Revolution. 1926 — Map (db m12702) HM
South Carolina (Edgefield County), Edgefield — Piedmont Technical College, Edgefield Center — Originally Adams' Warehouse
W.W. Adams, a prosperous Edgefield merchant and longtime Edgefield mayor, built this building in 1907 as a warehouse to serve the needs of cotton founders. The Edgefield Chronicle noted in that year: "The great brick warehouse of Mr. W.W. . . . — Map (db m12939) HM
South Carolina (Edgefield County), Edgefield — Pierce Mason Butler — April 11, 1798 - August 20, 1847 — Governor 1836-1838
A member of the famous Butler families of the Edgefield District, Butler promoted education & the building of railroads during his term as Governor. He commanded the Palmetto Regiment during the war with Mexico where he was fatally wounded. — Map (db m81697) HM
South Carolina (Edgefield County), Edgefield — Political Heritage
Beginning early in the 19th century, Edgefield developed a strong tradition of political leadership, contributing ten South Carolina governors, five lieutenant governors, and seven United States Senators. Many of these leaders practiced law; others . . . — Map (db m12535) HM
South Carolina (Edgefield County), Edgefield — Religion & Education
Religion has played an important part in the lives of the people of Edgefield County. In the 1760's, the great evangelist Daniel Marshall, came to this area and established Big Stevens Creek and Horn's Creek Churches. In 1826 Edgefield Baptists, . . . — Map (db m12594) HM
South Carolina (Edgefield County), Edgefield — 19-5 — Richard Tutt House / Tutt Cemetery
Richard Tutt House The Tutt house which formerly stood on this site is believed to have been the first home at Edgefield Court House. Richard Tutt was one of the party who in October 1775 arrested Tory leader Robert Cunningham and escorted him . . . — Map (db m12767) HM
South Carolina (Edgefield County), Edgefield — 19-10 — Sheppard's Crossroads
In 1828, this property, shown on Anderson's 1816 map as Kirksey's Tavern, was sold by John Kirksey to James Sheppard (1790-1859), state representative, merchant, and War of 1812 veteran. He and Louise Mobley, his third wife, were parents of John C. . . . — Map (db m12499) HM
South Carolina (Edgefield County), Edgefield — The Booth-Toney Shootout of 1878
On the 12th of August 1878, two Edgefield County families has a shootout here that left three persons dead on the Square and four others badly wounded. The Booth and Toney families were from the eastern side of the county near Trenton. There had . . . — Map (db m12459) HM
South Carolina (Edgefield County), Edgefield — The Jewish Merchants of Edgefield
In the years following 1900, a number of immigrant Jewish merchants moved to Edgefield and actively participated in the commercial life of the Town for nearly a century. All of these merchants sold 'dry goods," meaning textiles, ready-to-ware . . . — Map (db m12412) HM
South Carolina (Edgefield County), Edgefield — The Name "Edgefield"
The origin of the name "Edgefield" is shrouded in mystery. There are six principle theories as to how the name may have come to be applied to this county and town: (1) Robert Mills, in his 1826 Statistics of South Carolina, said that the . . . — Map (db m12541) HM
South Carolina (Edgefield County), Edgefield — Town of Edgefield Parking Lot — Formerly Southern Railroad Depot Site
The parking lot adjacent to this building is the site where the Southern Railroad Depot was located for many years. When the railroad arrived in Edgefield in 1888, the depot was located a quarter mile south of here, but that depot was struck by . . . — Map (db m12938) HM
South Carolina (Edgefield County), Edgefield — Turner's Country Store
In the antebellum period this site was occupied by a store owned by Marshall Frazier, a prosperous Edgefield planter, and until the end of the 19th century, this location was known as "Frazier's Corner." The present building was built by J.M. . . . — Map (db m12498) HM
South Carolina (Edgefield County), Edgefield — 19-7 — Village Academy / Furman Academy and Theological Institute
Village Academy Organized in 1811, the Edgefield Village Academy was located for many years on this site acquired from Col. Eldred Simkins in 1825. The South Carolina Coeducational Institute was located here from 1903-1913. During . . . — Map (db m12700) HM
South Carolina (Edgefield County), Edgefield — Welcome to Historic Edgefield — Home to Ten South Carolina Governors
This Court House Square, which was identified as the site of the courthouse and jail for the newly established Edgefield District in 1785, has been the center of life here for over two centuries. Today the present courthouse, which was built in . . . — Map (db m12638) HM
South Carolina (Edgefield County), Edgefield — Welcome to Historic Edgefield
Home of Ten Governors Andrew Pickens, II * George McDuffie * P.M. Butler * J.H. Hammond * Francis Pickins * M.L. Bonham * J.C. Sheppard * Ben Tillman * J.G. Evans * Strom Thurmond " Edgefield has had more dashing, . . . — Map (db m47749) HM
South Carolina (Edgefield County), Johnston — Edwards Building
Donated in 1998 to the Town of Johnston in memory of the "Edwards Brothers," V.E. Edwards and E.B. Edwards, by children: Mrs. V.E. Edwards, Jr., Mrs. Helen H. Herlong, Mrs Mary E. Mathis, Mrs. Iza E. Salter, and by John S. Edwards, Sr., son of E.B. . . . — Map (db m12334) HM
South Carolina (Edgefield County), Johnston — 19-12 — Johnston
Johnston, founded in 1868 as Johnston's Station on the Charlotte, Columbia, & Augusta Railroad and also known as Johnson's Turn Out, was named for railroad president William Johnston. It was first incorporated in 1875 and rechartered with its . . . — Map (db m12338) HM
South Carolina (Edgefield County), Johnston — Johnston Civil War Monument
(South Face) CSA 1861 Our Confederate Dead (East Face) UDC 1865 (North Face) 1861 "Love of God and love of country are the two noblest passions in the human heart. A man without a . . . — Map (db m49454) WM
South Carolina (Edgefield County), Johnston — Johnston Presbyterian Church
The National Register of Historic Places South Carolina Department of Archives and History Johnston Presbyterian Church — Map (db m51164) HM
South Carolina (Edgefield County), Johnston — 19-17 — Johnston Schools / Johnston Educators
[Front] Johnston’s first school opened on this site in 1873. The Male and Female Academy was a boarding school, with Rev. Luther Broaddus as its first principal. Alternately a private and public school during its early history, it was . . . — Map (db m28226) HM
South Carolina (Edgefield County), Johnston — 19-14 — Lott's Tavern & Post Office
A house built for Emsley Lott about 1770, later Lott's Tavern and still later Lott's Post Office, stood here until it was demolished in 1918. Lott soon enlarged his one-room log house to become a tavern on the Columbia road. In 1839 his son John . . . — Map (db m28225) HM
South Carolina (Edgefield County), Johnston — William Johnston — 1817-1896
President Charlotte Columbia and Augusta Railroad Commissary General of N.C. C.S.A. — Map (db m12343) HM
South Carolina (Edgefield County), North Augusta — 19-2 — Big Stevens Creek Baptist Church (Hardy's)
Founded in 1762 by the Reverend Daniel Marshall, pioneer missionary and minister, this was the first church of the Baptist faith in the present Edgefield County, "Mother of Churches." — Map (db m12860) HM
South Carolina (Edgefield County), North Augusta — Birthplace of General James Longstreet
Birthplace of General James Longstreet C.S.A. 1821 - 1904 1 air mile east — Map (db m12855) HM
South Carolina (Edgefield County), North Augusta — 19-11 — Lt. General James Longstreet (1821-1904)
Born 1 mi. E. Cmdr. 1st Corps, Army of Northern VA Confederate States Army; Lee's "Old Warhorse"; West Point graduate; Mexican War veteran. — Map (db m81747) HM
South Carolina (Edgefield County), Trenton — 12 Stone Monument
Erected in honor of the founder of Bettis Academy Rev. Alexander Bettis Born August 4, 1836 - Died May 13, 1895 He was a born leader and a friend of humanity. Gone but not forgotten. ---------- Erected by Mt. Canaan Association 1942 . . . — Map (db m12850) HM
South Carolina (Edgefield County), Trenton — 19-15 — Benjamin R. Tillman House
[Front] Benjamin Ryan “Pitchfork Ben” Tillman (1847-1918), governor of S.C. 1890-94 and U.S. senator 1894-1918, bought this farm just before he left the governor’s office in 1894. He lived here until his death. Tillman, a farmer . . . — Map (db m28227) HM
South Carolina (Edgefield County), Trenton — 19-9 — Bettis Academy
Established as a result of the inspiration and efforts of the Reverend Alexander Bettis, this coeducational institution was incorporated in 1889 and provided elementary, high school, and junior college training for blacks. A.W. Nicholson . . . — Map (db m12795) HM
South Carolina (Edgefield County), Trenton — Bettis Academy — 19th Century Education for African Americans
Bettis Academy and Junior College, a private school for African Americans, was founded in 1881 by Rev. Alexander Bettis, a former slave who was taught to read by his owner's wife, but was never taught to write. A Baptist Minister, he established . . . — Map (db m12846) HM
South Carolina (Edgefield County), Trenton — 19 20 — Darby
(Side 1) This Greek Revival House was built for Nathan L. Griffin (1903-1853), lawyer, planter, and member of the S.C. House 1838-39 and S.C. Senate 1846-1853. Griffin’s son-in-law Milledge L. Bonham (1813-1890) lived here with his wife . . . — Map (db m80330) HM
South Carolina (Edgefield County), Trenton — 19-6 — Horns Creek Baptist Church / Revolutionary Skirmish at Horns Creek
Horns Creek Baptist Church This church was constituted in 1768 by the Reverend Daniel Marshall, one of the founders of the Baptist faith in this part of South Carolina. Other early ministers of Horns Creek included Hezekiah Walker, Samuel . . . — Map (db m12769) HM
South Carolina (Edgefield County), Trenton — Horn's Creek Church — Early Edgefield County History
Religion Founded in 1768 as a result of a religious revival sweeping the American colonies known as the "Great Awakening," Horn's Creek Baptist church was one of the first churches established in the South Carolina backcountry. The church . . . — Map (db m12782) HM
South Carolina (Edgefield County), Trenton — 19-16 — Mt. Canaan Baptist Church
[Front]: This church, founded in 1868, was one of the first black Baptist churches in this area. Alexander Bettis (1836-1895), a former slave, established this church with the assistance of three white ministers after the local Baptist . . . — Map (db m12800) HM

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