|Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — 10011 — Bethany Lutheran Church|
| Early settlers in Fredericksburg worshiped together in a community church, the Vereins Kirche. On March 27, 1887, the Rev. John Heinzelmann and about 80 families organized a separate congregation known as Die Evangelische Kirche (The Evangelical church). Early worship services were conducted in the Vereins Kirche and later in the Southern (First) Methodist Church. By 1889 the members were able to build their own sanctuary at 107 E. Austin Street. A cornerstone-laying . . . — Map (db m35863) HM|
|Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — 10029 — Domino Parlor|
|The original part of this stone structure containing a cellar with a vault ceiling, was built in the early 1850s on property owned by John Schmidtzinsky, a pioneer area settler. Once used as a pharmacy, it housed H. R. Richter's Jewelry store in the early 1900s. Richter also sold musical instruments, and the front room was used for concerts. His family lived in the rear section of the building. In recent years a cafe and a domino parlor have been located here.
Recorded Texas Historic Landmark-1980 — Map (db m61849) HM|
|Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — Fairwater of USS Pintado (SS-387) [National Museum of the Pacific War]|
| Pintado made six war patrols in enemy waters, during which she disposed of five naval vessels and ten merchantmen of the Empire of Japan, sunk or otherwise disabled, totaling 132,900 tons of enemy shipping. During her fifth patrol, she rescued all twelve crew members of the B-29 “City of Galveston.”
Pintado was awarded two Presidential Unit Citations for extraordinary heroism during her first three patrols, the Submarine Combat Patrol Insignia with three stars, and . . . — Map (db m42424) HM|
|Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — Lasting Friendship by J. Hester Pioneer Garden|
| John O. Meusebach, German settler and founder of Fredericksburg, and Penatuka Comanche chief, Santanna share a peace pipe on May 7, 1847, at the signing of the treaty between the People of Fredericksburg and the Comanche Nation. The standing Comanche represents more than twenty other chiefs also participating in the treaty. This treaty is the only known peace treaty with Native Americans in United States history thought never to be broken. The spirit of this treaty continues in Fredericksburg . . . — Map (db m35884) HM|
|Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — 10079 — Market Square (Marktplatz)|
| This Square, originally a two-block area which included what is now called the Courthouse Square, has been at the center of Fredericksburg since the city's founding in 1846. The area was still heavily forested when the town's Vereins Kirche was built in the center of Main street in 1847. The octagonal building served as a community church, meeting place, school, and refuge from possible Indian attacks. A county jail was built on the Square in 1852. In 1856 a public schoolhouse was . . . — Map (db m35862) HM|
|Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — 10089 — Nimitz Hotel [National Museum of the Pacific War]|
| This property was purchased by Charles Henry Nimitz, Sr., in 1855. By 1860 the Nimitz Hotel was established, hosting frontier travelers and providing a home for the large Nimitz family. Expanded in the 1870s to feature a steamboat shaped facade, the hotel was a center for community activities. It was sold by the family in 1926 and underwent major alterations. In 1964 it became a museum honoring Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz and those who served with him in World War II. The steamboat facade was later rebuilt and remains a local landmark. — Map (db m42425) HM|
|Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — Otfrid Hans Freiherr von Meusebach [In memory of]|
| Born at Dillenburg, Nassau, Germany
May 26, 1812.
Commissioner-General of the Society for
the Protection of German Immigrants in Texas
who became a citizen of the Republic of Texas
under the name of John O. Meusebach.
Founder of Fredericksburg on May 8, 1846.
On March 1-2, 1847, he negotiated with 20 Comanche chiefs
a treaty of peace which protected the German frontier
settlements from Indian raids.
State senator in 1851.
Appointed commissioner for the "Colony of . . . — Map (db m35893) HM|
|Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — 10096 — Pinta Trail|
|Origin of the Pinta Trail is attributed to nomadic Plains Indian tribes. Early Spanish and Mexican expeditions followed the general route of the trail, which extended from San Antonio de Bexar to the San Saba River near present Menard. A survey by German immigrants in 1845 provided a wagon road over part of the trail, and, after the discovery of gold in California in 1849, the trail was utilized by U.S. Military companies seeking new routes to the western states. Use of the trail declined with . . . — Map (db m69238) HM|
|Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — 10110 — Pioneer Schandua House|
|Built before 1880, this house was purchased by John Schandua, a local merchant, shortly after his marriage to Bertha (Klein) in 1883. The front room, called "die stube", served as a bedroom and living area. The back room was used as a bedroom for their children. Gingerbread woodwork accents the posts on the front porch. The residence was used for a short time as a Sunday school building for the Bethany Lutheran Church.
Recorded Texas Historic Landmark - 1979 — Map (db m88111) HM|
|Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — Site of Fort Martin Scott|
| Established by the United States Army
December 5, 1848
as a protection to travelers and
settlers against Indian attack.
Named in honor of Major Martin Scott,
Brevet Lieutenant Colonel,
5th United States Infantry,
killed at Molino del Rey,
September 8, 1847.
Its garrison participated in many
Occupied intermittently after 1852,
held by the Confederates, 1861-1865,
permanently abandoned in December, 1866.
Erected by the State of Texas . . . — Map (db m35905) HM|
|Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — 10033 — The Easter Fires|
|Blazing on the hills around Fredericksburg each Easter eve, combined with a local pageant these fires recall an old tale.
In March 1847, when Comanches and whites signed a major peace treaty, the Indians lighted huge signal fires on these hills.
To calm her children's fears, one mother—recalling Easter fires in her native Germany—told them the smoke came from pots in which the Easter Bunny was dyeing eggs with flowers. As the tale spread and pioneers kindled the fires in . . . — Map (db m88112) HM|
|Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — 10048 — The Grapetown School|
|In 1882, Frederick Baag donated this tract of land for the third Grapetown schoolhouse. Completed in 1884, the structure was built with labor and materials donated by the community. All seven grades were taught by one teacher. In 1905, the facility became a county school known as Grapetown Line School, District No. 14. In 1949, the schoolhouse was closed as the district was consolidated with surrounding community schools. A total of 28 teachers taught here.
Recorded Texas Historic Landmark - 1984 — Map (db m71924) HM|
|Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — 10109 — The Schandua Building|
|Erected in 1897 of hand-hewn limestone, this structure was the home of John (d. 1900) and Bertha (Klein) Schandua (d. 1943). They lived upstairs with their children and John's hardware store was downstairs. For a time, the Masonic Lodge met upstairs in exchange for some construction costs. After John died his brother Henry married Bertha, enlarged the building, and continued the hardware business on the first floor. Hardware businesses were operated here until 1972.
Recorded Texas Historic Landmark - 1979 — Map (db m88109) HM|
|Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — 10123 — Vereins Kirche|
| [Seal of the Texas State Historical Survey Committee] [Panel 1:] Church for all denominations, school and community hall. Built, summer 1847, after the Comanche peace treaty made by John O. Meusebach, Commissioner, German Emigration Company. Located in Main Street between Courthouse and Market Square of early Fredericksburg. Razed after the celebration of fiftieth anniversary of the arrival of first settlers, 1896. Replica, first used as museum and library, constructed 1934-35. . . . — Map (db m35864) HM|
|Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — Walch Home|
|In 1845, Johan (John) Joseph Walch (1828-1914) migrated to Texas from Germany. In 1847 he settled in Fredericksburg, where he worked as a stonemason. Before Walch married Wilhelmine Gaertner in 1851, he erected a two-room limestone house on this lot. He also built a rock barn, which he later enlarged by adding a second story. One of the Walches' eleven children, Felix, remodeled the barn for use as a residence in 1904. — Map (db m33045) HM|
|Texas (Gillespie County), Fredricksburg — 10025 — Cross Mountain|
|This marl and limestone hill, elevation 1,915 feet, was an Indian signal point, advancing news of the intrusions of white settlers. The hill was first recorded and described by the German geologist, Dr. Ferdinand Roemer in 1847. A timber cross found on the hilltop the same year suggests that Spanish missionaries recognized it as a landmark on the path from San Antonio to Mission San Saba. John Christian Durst (1825-1898), arriving with his family in 1847 from Germany, received a town lot and 10 . . . — Map (db m71921) HM|
|Texas (Gillespie County), Harper — 10077 — Site of the McDonald Massacre|
|Pioneer preacher Matthew Taylor and the families of his daughter and two sons moved here in 1863 from their homestead on the Llano River. They built a cabin on this site near the source of the Pedernales River. In August 1864, Matthew and his son Jim returned to the Llano for a load of hay, leaving in charge Eli McDonald, husband of Matthew's daughter Caroline.
On August 8, 1864, at a nearby spring, Jim Taylor's wife Gill was surprised by a band of Kiowas and wounded by an arrow. Before . . . — Map (db m59741) HM|
|Texas (Gillespie County), Luckenbach — Luckenbach|
|Members of the Luckenbach family and other German immigrants moved here from Fredericksburg in the 1850s. They settled along Grape Creek and soon established a school for their children. The Grape Creek Post Office was in operation briefly after 1858 with William Luckenbach as first Postmaster. Later settlers included August Engel, who served as first Postmaster when the Post Office was reestablished here in 1886 under the name of Luckenbach. John Russell Hondo Crouch and others bought the . . . — Map (db m4654) HM|
|Texas (Gillespie County), Stonewall — 10073 — Lower South Grape Creek School|
|Area settlers built a log schoolhouse 1.5 miles south of here in 1871 along South Grape Creek. It was part of Luckenbach School Precinct No. 3 until 1889, when it was renamed Lower South Grape Creek and began to serve as District No. 21. The log schoolhouse was replaced with this structure in 1901. It is typical of early 1900s rural school buildings found in Texas' Hill Country. The stuccoed limestone building features an open plan and bell tower with a pyramidal roof. The school closed in 1960 . . . — Map (db m88113) HM|