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Goshen County Markers
Wyoming (Goshen County), Fort Laramie — Cavalry BarracksFort Laramie National Historic Site
The building before you is the only surviving enlisted men's barracks at Fort Laramie. The building proper was completed in late 1874 and was designed to provide quarters and other needed support facilities for two companies of soldiers, The veranda, although originally planned, was not added until 1883. As constructed the entire second floor was made up of only two equal, large rooms. These were the company dormitory bays or squad rooms where the enlisted soldiers lived. Each could house about . . . — Map (db m71018) HM WM
Wyoming (Goshen County), Fort Laramie — Commissary StorehouseFort Laramie National Historic Site — Visitor Center
This building was completed in 1884. It was built as a commissary storage facility. As such it would have been primarily divided into two large storerooms: one for meat and one for flour, rice, and beans. Three or four smaller rooms would have been used as offices, an "issue room" and a storage room for canned goods. This building also had a partial cellar with a trap door for use with a hand-operated elevator, rations and other official army food items were issued from this building. A commissary officer and sergeant ran the operation. — Map (db m71017) WM
Wyoming (Goshen County), Fort Laramie — Fort Laramie National Historic SiteCrossroads of a Nation Moving West
Fort Laramie was perhaps the single most important location in America’s expansion into the west. Founded in 1834 as a trading post, it became a military fort in 1849. Until it closed in 1890, Fort Laramie influenced major events in the history of the Trans-Mississippi West. From the eras of the fur trade, the Oregon Trail and the Indian Wars, the fort served as an American foothold in a rapidly changing west. We recommend that you begin at the Visitor Center. Follow the paved path to your . . . — Map (db m71016) HM
Wyoming (Goshen County), Fort Laramie — Fort Laramie National Historic Site
The epic story of America’s western expansion played out on a grand scale at Fort Laramie, where the North Platte and Laramie Rivers meet. Fort Laramie was first established in 1834 as a private fur trading post. By the 1840’s, it served as an important way station for thousands of emigrants traveling the Oregon, California and Mormon Pioneer trails. After purchase by the government in 1849, it rapidly became the primary military post on the Northern Plains. Stage lines, the Pony Express, . . . — Map (db m79778) HM
Wyoming (Goshen County), Fort Laramie — Fort Platte
A trading post built by Lancaster P. Lupton in 1841. Stood fifty yards to the north. — Map (db m79745) HM
Wyoming (Goshen County), Fort Laramie — John (Portugee) Phillips
Here on December 25, 1866 John (Portugee) Phillips finished his 236 mile ride to obtain troops for the relief of Fort Phil Kearny after the Fetterman Massacre. — Map (db m79773) HM
Wyoming (Goshen County), Fort Laramie — 49 — Mormon Pioneers at Fort Laramie
Between the years 1847 and 1868, most of the approximate 80,000 Mormon Pioneers passed through Fort Laramie. This was the first stop for the vanguard company after leaving Winter Quarters, (near Omaha) Nebraska. In June, 1847, after following a faint trapper trail on the north side of the Platte River, the Pioneers reached Fort Laramie. Brigham Young, with a number of his party, crossed the river and walked up to the fort. At this time the fort was called Fort John. It was owned by the . . . — Map (db m79776) HM
Wyoming (Goshen County), Fort Laramie — Old Army Bridge Over the Platte River
Erected in 1875. This bridge was a vital link between Cheyenne, Fort Laramie and the Military outposts, Indiana Agencies and gold fields of the Black Hills, Dakota Region. Placed by The Historical Landmark Commission of Wyoming, June 1951 — Map (db m5747) HM
Wyoming (Goshen County), Fort Laramie — Old Bedlam
This graceful old structure, built in 1849, is the oldest standing building in Wyoming. It was nicknamed “Old Bedlam” because of boisterous sounds supposedly heard while it was occupied by bachelor officiers. Shown in an 1889 photograph, “Old Bedlam” is generally regarded as the Bachelor Officiers Quarters. However, the left half was used as Post Headquarters and Commanders Apartment in the 1860’s and, at various times, the building was occupied by married officiers. — Map (db m79774) HM
Wyoming (Goshen County), Fort Laramie — Spanning a Century: End of an Era
Once broad and turbulent, the North Platte River posed a formidable obstacle to 19th century travelers. High water made it nearly impossible to cross the river for several months each year. The crossing became less dangerous by 1850 when ferry service was established to meet the growing volume of military and emigrant traffic. Frequent ferry accidents and slow crossing speeds continued to impede travelers until a permanent bridge was built. Following the Fort Laramie Treaty of 1868, which . . . — Map (db m79743) HM
Wyoming (Goshen County), Fort Laramie — The Cheyenne-Black Hills Trail
passed near this point between 1876 and 1887. Built to supply the Dakota gold camps, the road was constructed in violation of the Ft. Laramie treaty of 1868 which reserved the Black Hills for Sioux Indians. Stagecoaches and wagons carrying passengers, freight and gold bullion rumbled through nearby Ft. Laramie, an important stopping point along the lime, until the arrival of the Chicago and North Western Railroad rendered the route obsolete. — Map (db m79780) HM
Wyoming (Goshen County), Fort Laramie — The Greatest Ride in History
In memory of the Thoroughbred horse ridden by John “Portugee” Phillips from Fort Phil Kearny Wyoming to Fort Laramie Wyoming December 24, and 25, 1866, when he's sought aid for the garrison at Fort Phil Kearny, which was surrounded by Indians, after the battle with Lieutenant Colonel William F. Fetterman resulting in the death of Lieutenant Colonel Fetterman and 80 men. The horse died from exhaustion soon after arriving at Fort Laramie, having gone 236 miles in two days, . . . — Map (db m79746) HM
Wyoming (Goshen County), Fort Laramie — The Pony Express1860-1861 — 1960-1961
From April, 1860, to October, 1861, Fort Laramie was a major post on the Pony Express route between St. Joseph, Missouri and Sacramento, California. — Map (db m49117) HM
Wyoming (Goshen County), Fort Laramie — The Pony Express1860-1861 — 1960-1961
120 celebrated riders rode 650,000 miles with only one rider killed by Indians, one schedule not completed and one mail lost.

Russell • Majors • Waddell Founders • Owners • Operators — Map (db m49118) HM

Wyoming (Goshen County), Fort Laramie — The Rustic HotelFort Laramie National Historic Site
The Rustic Hotel opened in 1876. During that year it probably provided the best accommodations for travelers between Cheyenne and the Black Hills. It also served as a station for the Cheyenne-Black Hills Stage and Express Line. By 1883, when this photograph was taken, one lady found “horrid little bugs” in the sheets. Three years later the stage station corrals were polluting the water supply and had to be removed. (Inscription under the photo in the lower left) Primitive . . . — Map (db m71020) HM
Wyoming (Goshen County), Lingle — “If I Should Die Before…”
Many emigrants journals and diaries from the 1840s to 1860s mention experiences such as; “nooning,” camping for the night, crossing over, or burying a loved one on the banks of Rawhide Creek. Of these experiences, death and disease were common. It’s been estimated that there is an average of ten graves to every mile along the emigrant trails. The top five causes were; unclean water, poor food preparation, chilly night watches, sleeping on cold or wet ground, months of exhausting . . . — Map (db m79704) HM
Wyoming (Goshen County), Lingle — Oregon Trail
Oregon Trail Marked by the State of Wyoming 1914 — Map (db m79741) HM
Wyoming (Goshen County), Lingle — The Grattan Fight
Sioux Indians massacred 29 Soldiers with their Officer Brevet 2nd Lt. L. Grattan, on Aug. 19, 1854. Site is 1/2 mile north-west. An Indian killed a cow from a Mormon caravan. The detachment of soldiers was sent to receive the offender. In the ensuing fight all soldier and the chief of the Brule’s Sioux, Marton-Ioway, were killed. — Map (db m79706) HM
Wyoming (Goshen County), Lingle — To All Pioneers
To all Pioneers who passed this way to win and hold the West Trail crossed one mile South — Map (db m79742) HM
Wyoming (Goshen County), Torrington — Cold Springs
3/4 mile east from this point Cold Springs was a popular camping ground on the Overland Trail to California, Oregon, Utah and other points in the far west. It was a stage station along the Overland Stage Route 1854-1862 and also a Pony Express relay stop 1860-1861. Station tender was M. Reynal. — Map (db m79702) HM
Wyoming (Goshen County), Torrington — Stuart’s 1812-13 Astorian Party Campsite
Following the Lewis and Clark Expedition, much of the interior of the western United States remained a mystery and most people traveling to the west coast went by ship. By 1811, at the height of the fur trade, John Jacob Astor, owner of the Pacific Fur Company, pursued an overland route to link his trading empire in the Pacific Northwest to the East. He also recognized the new trading opportunities an overland route would provide for his business. Astor sent companies of men, called Astorians, . . . — Map (db m79700) HM
Wyoming (Goshen County), Torrington — The Oregon Trail
Entered Wyoming at this point 1841 Main trail 3 miles South — Map (db m79699) HM
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