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Hawaii County Markers
Hawaii (Hawaii County), Captain Cook — In Memory of Captain James Cook, R.N.
Marker panel on obelisk (1874): In Memory of the great circumnavigator Captain James Cook, R.N. who discovered these islands on the 18th of January, 1770 and fell near this spot on the 14th of February, 1779. ---------------------- This monument was erected in November A.D. 1874 by some of his fellow countrymen. Second Marker: Near this spot Capt. James Cook met his death February 14, 1779 — Map (db m72497) HM
Hawaii (Hawaii County), Honaunau — Pu‘uhona O Hōnaunau - Place of Refuge
This ancient Hawaii Sanctuary (Puuhonua) was preserved through the foresight of Charles R. Bishop who added it to the Bishop Estate. With the cooperation of the State of Hawaii, the trustees of the Bernice Pauahi Bishop Estate have dedicated it to the people of the United States as a monument to the achievements of the Polynesians who first discovered and settled these islands. — Map (db m2981) HM
Hawaii (Hawaii County), Kailua Kona — Honokohau Settlement
Honokohau Settlement has been designated a Registered National Historic Landmark under the provisions of the Historic Sites Act of August 21, 1935. This site possesses exceptional value in commemorating and illustrating the history of the United States. — Map (db m4248) HM
Hawaii (Hawaii County), Kailua Kona — Hulihe‘e Palace
Hulihe‘e Palace was built in 1838 by Governor John Adams Kuakini, a companion of Kamehahena I and one of the first Chiefs to take up western ways. Built of coral lava rock and a native woods, it was handsomely furnished. Hulihe'e became the Kailua residence of Princess Ruth governess of Hawaii. King Kalakaua redecorated it for use as his Summer Palace and later it belonged to Prince Jonah Kalaniana'ole, Hawaiian delegate to Congress. In need of repairs for several years, the . . . — Map (db m302) HM
Hawaii (Hawaii County), Kailua Kona — Hulihe‘e Palace / Moku‘aikaua Church
Hulihe‘e Palace Construction of Hulihe‘e Palace was completed in 1838. Hulihe‘e was the gracious residence of Governor John Adams Kuakini and a favorite retreat for Hawai‘i’s royal families. Kuakini oversaw the construction of both Moku‘aikaua Church and Hulihe‘e Palace and these landmarks once shared a similar architectural style. In 1884, King Kalakaua updated Hulihe‘e with a stucco exterior and widened lanai. Today, the Palace is operated as a museum by the Daughters of Hawai‘i. . . . — Map (db m39424) HM
Hawaii (Hawaii County), Kailua Kona — The First Hawaiian Christian
The first Hawaiian Christian, Henry Opukahaia, died at Cornwall, Conn. 1818 The first Christian missionaries to Hawaii, Bingham, Thurston, Whitney, landed at Kailua, April 12, 1820 with their Hawaiian comrades Hopu, Kanui, Honoli. — Map (db m39440) HM
Hawaii (Hawaii County), Kailua-Kona — A Sanctuary for Humpback WhalesHawaiian Islands Humpback Whale National Marine Sanctuary — Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park
The sanctuary lies within the shallow, warm waters surrounding the main Hawaiian Islands and is one of the world’s most important humpback whale habitats. Most of the North Pacific humpback whale population migrates nearly 3,000 miles to Hawaiian waters each winter to mate, calve, and nurse. During the spring and summer, they return to feed in cool, nutrient-rich waters near Alaska and other northern areas. (Inscription below the photo in the left side) The Hawaiian Islands Humpback Whale . . . — Map (db m72000) HM
Hawaii (Hawaii County), Kailua-Kona — Ala Mauka MakaiMountain-Ocean Trail — Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park
This trail cuts across Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park, passing sites that represent many of the values for which this park was created, such as a malama ka aina, caring for the land. This was a place where Hawaiian families lived, values and traditions were promoted, and the importance of family and caring for one another were taught. As you walk to the shore keep your senses alert for things to see, feel, and smell, and keep your mind open to the spirit of those who lived here long . . . — Map (db m72001) HM
Hawaii (Hawaii County), Kailua-Kona — Discovering Kaloko-HonokohauKaloko-Honokohau National Historic Park
Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park celebrates the indigenous people of Hawaii. It penetrates deep into Hawaiian antiquity by preserving evidence of a thousand years of society. It links the touched with the heartfelt, transcending the physical into the spiritual by preserving values, ideas, beliefs and legends. The park is a window into which you glimpse the lives of generations of Hawaiians, on the land where they lived. It is also a door to creating a future where traditional . . . — Map (db m71999) HM
Hawaii (Hawaii County), Kawaihae — Pu'ukohola HeiauA Sacred Place Since Prehistoric Times
A heiau (temple) at Pu’ukohola was built long before Kamehameha started construction on the heiau that you see. This showed great vision and strategy on the part of the kahuna (priests). The heiau was physically very prominent and imposing on the landscape, adding to its spiritual power. Only the male kahuna (priests), male ali’i (chiefs) and other royalty were allowed to enter the heiau. Women of all status were forbidden entry into the heiau proper. The structure was designed so that . . . — Map (db m71886) HM
Hawaii (Hawaii County), Keauhou — Hale Mua
This archaeological site has been identified as a men's house associated with a person of chiefly rank who resided at the Lonoikamakahiki Residence. Hydration-Rind dating performed by the Bishop Museum indicated that the major portion of this site was constructed in pre-historic times over a period of 1550 to 1630 AD. Evidence that supports the identification as a men's house is the architectural construction of this site, which is similar to other known men's houses elsewhere in the . . . — Map (db m39410) HM
Hawaii (Hawaii County), Keauhou — Inikiwai Ku'ula Heiau
This archaeological site is known as the Inikiwai Heiau. It is sometimes known as the Pahe'ehe'e Ku'ula. Hawaiian Fishermen built these shrines on promontories along the seashore or near ponds and streams. These shrines are a place for prayer and offerings to the fish god Ku'ula or the fisherman's personal family gods ('Aumakua). Ku'ula was the most prominent god of fishing. His wife, Hina, and son Aiai, were also fishing gods. The shrine itself is also called a Ku'ula. Fishermen . . . — Map (db m39305) HM
Hawaii (Hawaii County), Keauhou — Keauhou - Kahalu'u Heritage Corridor
Moku (island districts) were traditionally subdivided into smaller land wedges called ahupua'a. Generally, these ahupua'a extend from the mountain to the sea and contain all the resources needed for sustainable living. Mauka (upland) field systems were cultivated for crops and the makai (seaward) focus was on ocean resources such as fishing and salt preparation. Natural resources were of paramount importance and every person within the community shouldered the . . . — Map (db m39438) HM
Hawaii (Hawaii County), Keauhou — Lonoikamakahiki Residence
This archaeological site is known as the Lonoikamakahiki Residence. It is believed that during different periods of time, four great Hawaiian kings lived at this site. These kings were Umi, Lonoikamakahiki, Kalaniopuu, and Kamehameha I. This residence is believed to have been originally built by Umi. Umi was the son of Liloa who was a superior chief of the entire island of Hawaii who lived in the 15th century. Liloa and Umi were direct descendants of . . . — Map (db m39409) HM
Hawaii (Hawaii County), Laupahoehoe — Laupahoehoe Point
The Laupahoehoe we see now is very different from the Laupahoehoe of old. Laupahoehoe Point was a peaceful, Hawaian fishing village, untouched by missionaries and plantation life; the valley and the sea provided bountiful life. In the late 1800's one of the island's many sugar plantations was located there. Laupahoehoe was one of four deep harbor ports besides Hilo. Ships moored here to transport goods. Tourists braved the seas and skiffs to be unloaded here, just as they did with cattle, . . . — Map (db m94338) HM
Hawaii (Hawaii County), Naalehu — 66000291 — South Point Complex
South Point Complex has been designated a Registered National Historic Landmark under the provisions of the Historical Sites act of August 21st 1935. This site possesses exceptional value in commemorating and illustrating the history of United States. U.S. Department of the Interior National Park Service 1964 — Map (db m2314) HM
Hawaii (Hawaii County), Volcano — Countless are the Accomplishments of Roosevelt's Trusty "Tree Army"
The Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC), established by President Franklin Delano Roosevelt in 1933, was one of many "New Deal" Programs created towards economic recovery from the Great Depression. The goal of the CCC was to create Conservation Jobs for the thousands of young men struggling with unemployment. Employed in national forest and national and state parks, their world included landscaping, road work, building and trail construction, erosion control, and masonry. This nation-wide . . . — Map (db m94340) HM
Hawaii (Hawaii County), Volcano — Site of Hawaiian Volcano Observatory
1912-1942 For nearly 30 years, America’s first full-time volcano observatory occupied this site. Under the direction of Dr. Thomas A. Jaggar, world renowned volcanologist, the expertise to monitor and study volcanoes was developed. In 1942, the observatory was relocated to Uwekahuna, overlooking Haema’uma’u, to make way for the Volcano House Hotel. This concrete piling served as a base for cameras and transits. The mound covers the old Whitney Seismograph Vault, where early seismic instruments were located. — Map (db m2980) HM
Hawaii (Hawaii County), Volcano — The "Firepit" of Halema'uma'u
Halema'uma'u Crater is the site of the most eruptions at the summit of Kilauea Volcano. Between 1905 and 1924, a period of about 20 years, a dazzling lake of molten lava circulated within its walls. Then, in 1924, the lake drained away, allowing ground water to penetrate deep inside the volcano. Enormous steam explosions resulted, showering the landscape with rocky debris, still visible around the rim today. During the 1924 steam blasts, Halema'uma'u collapsed, forming a gaping pit 1600 meters . . . — Map (db m26233) HM
Hawaii (Hawaii County), Waikoloa — Puakō Petroglyph Archaeological District
Man has always left his mark. Symbols in rock were left by many early civilizations. Te Puako Petroglyph site is one of the largest and finest concentrations of the mysterious symbols left in Hawai‘i. It is likely that many of these petroglyphs were made sometime between A.D. 1000-1800. Holding Secrets from the Past: Why were petroglyphs made? No one knows for sure. Could they have been: Powerful mystical messages to primitive gods or ancestors? Pleas for protection or . . . — Map (db m3029) HM
Hawaii (Hawaii County), Waikoloa Village — The Waikoloa Petroglyph Field
Before you lies one of the major concentrations of ancient rock carvings in the Hawaiian Islands. Boundaries were not crossed casually in old Hawaii, and the thousands of surface carvings here, just north of the border between the ancient kingdoms of Kohala and Kona, suggest that many may have a religious or commemorative meaning to the event of crossing that border. Groups waiting for permission to cross, or armies poised to defend the border or attack it, made simple encampments using . . . — Map (db m4247) HM
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