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Honolulu County Markers
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — King Kamehameha IThomas Ridgeway Gould — Bronze, 1883
King Kamehameha I (c. 1758–1819) is generally recognized as the most important figure in Hawaiian history. He was a wise ruler who enacted laws to protect the defenseless and to bring order to the newly united kingdom. An astute statesman, he encouraged foreign trade and the use of foreign technology, while avoiding foreign rule. His greatest achievement, through warfare and diplomacy, was the unification of the Hawaiian Islands. As befits a man of enormous historic and symbolic . . . — Map (db m13581) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Afong Villa — Waikīkī Historic Trail
On this site stood the villa of Chun Afong, Hawai‘i’s first Chinese millionaire, who arrived in Honolulu in 1849. By 1855, he had made his fortune in retailing, real estate, sugar and rice, and for a long time held the government monopoly opium license. Chun Afong was a member of King Kalakaua’s privy council, and married Julia Fayerweather, a descendent of Hawaiian royalty, with whom he had 16 children, 13 of whom were daughters. He was the inspiration for Jack London’s famous story, . . . — Map (db m49676) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Aliiolani Hale — State of Hawaii Historic Marker
Originally designed as a palace, it was built by Kamehameha V to house the legislature, courts and cabinet offices of the Kingdom. He died not long after laying the cornerstone and the building was given his name Aliiolani. It was formally opened by Kalakaua for the legislative session of 1874. A revolutionary committee occupied the building on January 17, 1893 and proclaimed here the overthrow of the Monarchy and formation of the Provisional Government. Since then it has served as . . . — Map (db m13569) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Bombers Over Battleship RowUSS Arizona Memorial
The Japanese raided Pearl Harbor and other military targets on Oahu with carrier-launched aircraft which included fighters, horizontal bombers, torpedo planes, and dive bombers. The planes truck here in two waves, beginning at 7:55 a.m., with a 15 minute lull about 8:30. Finding the American aircraft carriers absent, the Japanese zeroed in on U.S. battleships. Seven of them were lined up beside the mooring blocks (quays) visible across the channel in front of you. It was here, on . . . — Map (db m71616) WM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — 16 — Duke Kahanamoku — Waikīkī Historic Trail
Olympic swimming champion Duke Kahanamoku (1890–1986) spent much of his youth here in Kālia with his mother’s family, the Paoas. The family owned most of the 20 acres which the Hilton Hawaiian Village now occupies. It is said that it was here in Kālia that a husband waited patiently for the return of his wife who had been wooed away by a rival chief on Maui; hence, the name Kālia or “waited for.” Duke’s grandfather, Ho`olae Paoa, a descendant of royal . . . — Map (db m13188) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Father DamienThe Reverend Joseph Damien De Veuster, SS. CC. — Hawaii
Greater love has no man than this, that a man lay down his life for his friends. —John 15:13 Born a farmer’s son at Tremeloo, Belgium, January 3, 1840. Damien joined the Missionary Congregation of the Sacred Heart and was ordained a Roman Catholic priest at the Cathedral of Our Lady of Peace in Honolulu in 1864. In 1873 he volunteered to serve alone at the leprosy settlement on the island of Molokai. For sixteen years he lived and worked among leprosy victims of all faiths and . . . — Map (db m13485) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — First Hawaiian PrintingJanuary 7, 1822
In a grass house near this site High Chief Keeaumoku pulled the first sheet in the presence of Elisha Loomis, Printer; the Reverend Hiram Bingham; and James Hunnewell, Mission benefactor. — Map (db m60945) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — 20 — Fort DeRussy — Waikīkī Historic Trail
This green expanse in the middle of Waikīkī is Fort DeRussy, named in honor of Brigadier General Rene E. DeRussy, Corps of Engineers, who served with distinction in the American—British War of 1812. It was started in 1908 as vital American bastion of defense, but today it serves as a place of recreation and relaxation for U.S. military personnel and their families. If you turn toward the mountains, all the land you see before you extending to the foothills of Mānoa . . . — Map (db m13219) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Hiram Bingham
A Centennial Memorial of Hiram Bingham. Born in Bennington, Vt., Oct. 30, 1789. Died in New Haven, Ct., Nov. 11, 1869, Aged 80 Years. This slab is placed here in grateful remembrance of a pioneer Missionary by descendants of Hawaiians (aided by his Children) among whom he preached Christ for more than twenty years. He preached the first sermon every delivered in this City April 25, 1820 from Fear not for behold I bring you glad tidings of great joy. Here he taught confiding . . . — Map (db m13800) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Island of OahuAttack on Pearl Harbor
At dawn on 7 December 1941 more than half of the United States Pacific Fleet, approximately 150 vessels and service craft, lay at anchor on alongside piers in Pearl Harbor. All but one of the Pacific fleet’s battleships were in port that morning, most of them moored to quays flanking Ford Island. By 10:00 a.m. tranquil Sunday calm had been shattered. 21 vessels lay sunk or damaged the fighting backbone of the fleet apparently broken. Smoke from burning planes and hangers filled the sky. Oil . . . — Map (db m71610) WM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — 17 — Kālia Bay — Waikīkī Historic Trail
Fish were easily netted from the ponds near Pi‘inaio Stream. In ancient times, the area was home to many Hawaiian families, who enjoyed the offerings in its bountiful waters. It was not unusual to see native men and women fishing, diving, and gathering seaweed here. Originally, the Pi‘inaio was Waikīkī’s third stream, which entered the ocean here where the ‘Ilikai Hotel now stands. Unlike the Kuekaunahi and ‘Apuakēhau streams, the mouth of the Pi‘inaio was a large, . . . — Map (db m13127) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Kaha ha ʻlo me nā Makani“The Hawk Soars with the Winds” — by sculptor, Kim Duffett
Envisioned on a grand scale, these three awe-inspiring figures in bronze are dancing hula kahiko, the ancient style of Hawaiian dance. The two female dancers, spirits of the wind, represent the dance and chant of Hawaiian hula. Together they are the winds that uplift the mighty ’lo, the Hawaiian hawk, our central male dancer, who represents the spirit of Hawai‘i poised to take flight. These images pay tribute to the importance of dance, chant and song in the rebirth and . . . — Map (db m71922) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Kawaiaha‘o Landmark
William Charles Lunalilo was the kingdom’s sixth monarch and proved to be very popular from the beginning of his reign. King Kamehameha V had preceded Lunalilo and had died without naming a successor. Therefore Lunalilo was appointed by the Legislature, but to affirm that he was the people’s choice, the newly appointed king called for a general election and was voted to the throne by his loving public. His investiture was held here at Kawaiaha‘o. He was destined to rule only a little over . . . — Map (db m13809) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — 13 — Kawehewehe — Waikīkī Historic Trail
From olden times Waikīkī was viewed not only as a place of peace and hospitality, but of healing. There was great mana (spiritual power) in Waikīkī. Powerful kahuna la‘au lapa‘au (or physicians) lived here. Throughout the 19th century, Hawai‘i’s royalty also came here to convalesce. One of Waikīkī’s places of healing was this stretch of beach fronting the Halekulani Hotel, called Kawehewehe (or the removal). The sick and the injured came to bathe in the . . . — Map (db m13225) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — King William Charles LunaliloJan. 31, 1835 – Feb. 3, 1874
King Kamehameha V died on December 11, 1872, without naming a successor to the throne. Prince William Charles Lunalilo was the highest ranking Chief at that time. Instead of claiming his birthright to the throne, he wanted the people to choose their next ruler in a democratic way. Lunalilo requested a special election which pitted him against David Kalakaua, a High Chief, but not of the Kamehameha line. Seven days later on January 8, 1873, an entire city cheered as the Legislature proclaimed . . . — Map (db m13788) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Kuroda Field
Named in honor of Staff Sergeant Robert T. Kuroda, 442nd Regimental Combat Team. On 20 October 1944, during the battle of Bruyeres, France, Sergeant Kuroda led his squad in an attack against a strongly defended enemy position. He deployed his squad to cover his advance and personally destroyed two enemy gun positions before being struck by an enemy bullet. Sergeant Kuroda was posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor. Fort DeRussy was the home of the 100th Infantry Battalion, 442nd . . . — Map (db m13256) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Pearl Harbor Panorama-NorthUSS Arizona Memorial
From this viewpoint along the eastern shore of Pearl Harbor you can see many features associated with the 1941 Japanese attack. The photo was taken in 1991, fifty years after the bombing. 1. Attack Signal-From the cockpit of his bomber over the west coast of Oahu, Cmdr Mitsuo Fuchida gave the signal that meant war with the United States. At 7:49 a.m. he radioed his pilots, “To, to, to,” Japanese for “charge.” Although he was still twenty miles from here, he could see . . . — Map (db m71620) WM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Pearl Harbor Panorama-WestUSS Arizona Memorial
From this viewpoint along the eastern shore of Pearl Harbor you can see many features associated with the 1941 Japanese attack. The photo was taken in 1991, fifty years after the bombing. 1. Naval Station Signal Tower-From the top of this water tower the U.S. Navy directed vessels in and out of the harbor in 1941. The tower is still in use today. (Inscription below the photo) The Naval signal tower is the center one in this photo taken December 7, 1941, from the Marine Barracks parade . . . — Map (db m71619) WM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Rainbow Mural
This Rainbow Mural, tallest in the world, 286 feet high, 26 feet wide, comprises 8,046 pieces of hand-painted ceramic tile created for the Hilton Tower by Millard Sheets. Dedicated by Conrad N. Hilton and Fritz B. Burns. November 8, 1968. — Map (db m19077) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Rainbow Tower & Hilton Lagoon — Waikīkī Historic Trail
The legendary surfer Duke Kahanamoku often strolled the sands of Waikīkī Beach fronting what is now Hilton Hawaiian Village Beach Resort & Spa, 1959. In ancient times, the coastal plain where you now stand was known as Kālia. Water from the Ko‘olau Mountains flowed in streams into the ocean through what is now world-famous Waikiki Beach. The Kālia area was served by the Pi‘inaio Stream and several freshwater springs. Early Hawaiian farmers developed complex . . . — Map (db m13082) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Sunday MorningUSS Arizona Memorial
December 7, 1941, at Pearl Harbor began routinely. Sailors and marines turned out for church services, morning colors, and chow. They looked forward to off-duty time for recreation, letter-writing, or sleep. It was Sunday in the peacetime Navy. The Navy was preparing for war at sea, but not for a massive air attack. Unknown to the Americans, more than 350 Japanese planes were headed this way from aircraft carriers north of the island, while Japanese midget submarines probed harbor . . . — Map (db m71617) WM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — 19 — The Ala Wai Canal — Waikīkī Historic Trail
Ala Wai (freshwater way) Canal was at the heart of the Waikīkī Reclamation Project launched in the early 1900s “to reclaim an unsanitary and most unsightly portion of the city.” The duck farms and the millions of mosquitoes that stagnant ponds bred were the culprits. Residents complained, the Territorial government responded, and work began in 1922. With the canal’s completion in 1928, the taro and rice fields, the fish and duck ponds, all vanished. The reclaimed acres . . . — Map (db m13196) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — The Honolulu Memorial at the National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific
In these gardens are recorded the names of Americans who gave their lives in the Service of their Country and whose earthly resting place is known only to God *Indicates Medal Of Honor Award Map (db m4504) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — The Story of Kālia — Waikīkī Historic Trail
Chief Ma‘likūkāhi, who reigned over the island of Oahu in the mid-1400s, resided in Waikīkī and used it as his seat of government. He was greatly loved by his subjects who enjoyed unprecedented peace and prosperity. Ali‘i (royalty) from all points came to Waikīkī to enjoy surfing, sporting games, hula, and other entertainment. The maka‘āinana (common people) living in Kālia gladly supplied their chiefs with the fruits of their labor. The sharing of food . . . — Map (db m13200) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — U.S. Naval Base Pearl Harbor
U.S. Naval Base, Pearl Harbor has been designated a Registered National Historic Landmark Under the provisions of the Historic Sites Act of August 21, 1935 this site possesses exceptional value in commemorating and illustrating the history of the United States U.S. Department of the Interior National Park Service 1964 — Map (db m4526) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — U.S.S. Arizona
At 0755, 7 December 1941, near this spot at Berth Fox 7 The USS Arizona was hit by one torpedo and approximately seven bombs. One bomb went down the stack and another penetrated the black powder magazines. The sunken ship remains the tomb of nine hundred men. The USS Vestal was moored alongside the Arizona but got underway and was beached on Aiea Shoal after having been struck by two fifteen inch armor-piercing projectile type bombs. — Map (db m7447) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — USS Arizona Memorial
In reverent recognition of divine guidance and - to the eternal memory of those who gave their last full measure of devotion to their country this monument is dedicated - humbly to their sacrifice in defending our freedom. Erected by the Navy Club of the United States of America A Naval veterans organization 7 December 1955. — Map (db m60157) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — USS Utah Memorial
Near this spot, at Berth Fox 11 on the morning of 7 December 1941, the USS Utah was struck on the portside with what is believed to have been three aerial torpedoes and was sunk. She was subsequently rolled over to clear the channel but was left on the bottom. — Map (db m60044) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — USS Utah Memorial
This memorial was officially authorized by the 91st Congress of the United States of America on 14 October 1970. Its construction was made possible by Congressional appropriation and by the generous contributions of many individuals and organizations devoted to the preservation of heroic memories. Dedicated Memorial Day 1972 Constructed under the direction of the U.S. Navy. Secretary: John M. Chaffee Commander-In-Chief Pacific Fleet - Admiral B.A. Clarey, USN • Commandants . . . — Map (db m60071) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — USS Utah MemorialWorld War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument
In the waters ahead lie the mostly submerged remains of USS Utah, a former battleship used for target and gunnery training. Two torpedoes struck the Utah as the Pearl Harbor attack began on December 7, 1941. The ship capsized, trapping dozens of men inside. They included Medal of Honor recipient Chief Watertender Peter Tomich, who stayed at his post to make sure the ship's boilers were secured and all fireroom personnel had left their stations. Efforts to raise the ship . . . — Map (db m60161) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — USS West Virginia Memorial
At 0758, 7 December 1941, near this spot at Bert Fox 6 the USS West Virginia moored outboard the USS Tennessee was damaged and sunk by enemy bombs and torpedoes. As the West Virginia settled to the bottom she forced the Tennessee against the quay causing hull damage. The Tennessee also was struck by two armor-piercing bombs, and was severely burned by oil fires on the water, which spread from the Arizona nearby at Berth Fox 7. — Map (db m60158) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Pearl Harbor — U. S. S. MissouriInstrument of Surrender, WWII
The instrument of surrender terminating the Second World War was signed on this ship, 2 September 1945 east longitude date while she lay at anchor in Tokyo Bay. The Allied representatives were • General of the Army Douglas MacArthur, The Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers • Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, United States of America • General Hsu Yung-Ch’ang, Republic of China • Admiral Sir Bruce A Fraser, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland • Lieutenant General Kuzma . . . — Map (db m49677) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Waikiki — “Brothers in Valor” MemorialFort DeRussy, Oahu, Hawaii
Honoring the World War II Veterans of the 100th Infantry Battalion (Separate), the 442nd Regimental Combat Team, the Military Intelligence Service, and the 1399th Engineer Construction Battalion. “Veterans who served in these units, which are deeply rooted to Hawaii, have rendered significant service to their nation, often with great sacrifice.” —Lt. General Robert L. Ord, III, Commander, U.S. Army, Pacific. November 1995. 100th Infantry Battalion (Separate), . . . — Map (db m26939) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Waikiki — King David Kalākaua1836–1891
(tablet on back of base) David Kalākaua was born on November 16, 1836. He succeeded to the throne on February 12, 1874, and ruled with his queen, Kapi‘olani. King Kalākaua was the catalyst for the revival and flowering of Hawaiian intellectual and artistic traditions that took place in the last quarter of the 19th century. He was an accomplished musician and, among other chants and songs, composed he words of “Hawai‘i Pono’i,” now the State of Hawaii’s . . . — Map (db m13586) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Wakiki — Mahiole(Helmet)
Ancient Hawaii was governed by a sharply defined caste system. The kings were the highest authority. Chiefs, or Alii, ruled over sections of the land at the pleasure of the kings. At times there was a king for each of the major islands in the Hawaiian chain. Wars were frequent among the ancient Hawaiians. A king might attack the people of another island—or a chief might attack the village of a rival chief. Battles consisted largely of hand to hand combat using spears, clubs and . . . — Map (db m13260) HM
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