|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — King Kamehameha I — Thomas Ridgeway Gould — Bronze, 1883|
|King Kamehameha I (c. 1758–1819) is generally recognized as the most important figure in Hawaiian history. He was a wise ruler who enacted laws to protect the defenseless and to bring order to the newly united kingdom. An astute statesman, he encouraged foreign trade and the use of foreign technology, while avoiding foreign rule. His greatest achievement, through warfare and diplomacy, was the unification of the Hawaiian Islands.
As befits a man of enormous historic and symbolic . . . — Map (db m13581) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Afong Villa — Waikīkī Historic Trail|
|On this site stood the villa of Chun Afong, Hawai‘i’s first Chinese millionaire, who arrived
in Honolulu in 1849. By 1855, he had made his
fortune in retailing, real estate, sugar and rice, and for a long time held the government
monopoly opium license.
Chun Afong was a member of King Kalakaua’s privy
council, and married Julia Fayerweather, a descendent of Hawaiian royalty, with whom he had 16 children, 13 of
whom were daughters. He was the inspiration for Jack
London’s famous story, . . . — Map (db m49676) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Aliiolani Hale — State of Hawaii Historic Marker|
|Originally designed as a palace, it was built by Kamehameha V to house the legislature, courts and cabinet offices of the Kingdom. He died not long after laying the cornerstone and the building was given his name Aliiolani. It was formally opened by Kalakaua for the legislative session of 1874.
A revolutionary committee occupied the building on January 17, 1893 and proclaimed here the overthrow of the Monarchy and formation of the Provisional Government. Since then it has served as . . . — Map (db m13569) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — 16 — Duke Kahanamoku — Waikīkī Historic Trail|
|Olympic swimming champion Duke Kahanamoku (1890–1986) spent much of his youth here in Kālia with his mother’s family, the Paoas. The family owned most of the 20 acres which the Hilton Hawaiian Village now occupies.
It is said that it was here in
Kālia that a husband waited
patiently for the return of his
wife who had been wooed
away by a rival chief on
Maui; hence, the name Kālia
or “waited for.” Duke’s
grandfather, Ho`olae Paoa,
a descendant of royal . . . — Map (db m13188) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Father Damien — The Reverend Joseph Damien De Veuster, SS. CC. — Hawaii|
| Greater love has no man than this, that a man lay down his life for his friends. —John 15:13
Born a farmer’s son at Tremeloo, Belgium, January 3, 1840. Damien joined the Missionary Congregation of the Sacred Heart and was ordained a Roman Catholic priest at the Cathedral of Our Lady of Peace in Honolulu in 1864. In 1873 he volunteered to serve alone at the leprosy settlement on the island of Molokai. For sixteen years he lived and worked among leprosy victims of all faiths and . . . — Map (db m13485) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — First Hawaiian Printing — January 7, 1822|
|In a grass house near this site High Chief Keeaumoku pulled the first sheet in the presence of Elisha Loomis, Printer; the Reverend Hiram Bingham; and James Hunnewell, Mission benefactor. — Map (db m60945) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — 20 — Fort DeRussy — Waikīkī Historic Trail|
|This green expanse in the middle of Waikīkī is Fort DeRussy, named in honor of Brigadier General Rene E. DeRussy, Corps of Engineers, who
served with distinction in the American—British War of 1812. It was started in 1908
as vital American bastion of defense, but today it serves as a place of recreation and relaxation for U.S. military personnel and their families.
If you turn toward the
mountains, all the land
you see before you extending to the foothills of Mānoa . . . — Map (db m13219) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Hiram Bingham|
|A Centennial Memorial of Hiram Bingham. Born in Bennington, Vt., Oct. 30, 1789. Died in New Haven, Ct., Nov. 11, 1869, Aged 80 Years.
This slab is placed here in grateful remembrance of a pioneer Missionary by descendants of Hawaiians (aided by his Children) among whom he preached Christ for more than twenty years. He preached the first sermon every delivered in this City April 25, 1820 from Fear not for behold I bring you glad tidings of great joy. Here he taught confiding . . . — Map (db m13800) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — 17 — Kālia Bay — Waikīkī Historic Trail|
|Fish were easily netted from the ponds near Pi‘inaio Stream.
In ancient times, the
area was home to many Hawaiian families, who enjoyed the offerings in its bountiful waters. It was not unusual to see native men and women fishing, diving, and gathering seaweed here. Originally, the Pi‘inaio was Waikīkī’s third stream, which entered the ocean here where the ‘Ilikai Hotel now stands. Unlike the Kuekaunahi and
‘Apuakēhau streams, the mouth of the Pi‘inaio was a large, . . . — Map (db m13127) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Kaha ha ʻlo me nā Makani — “The Hawk Soars with the Winds” — by sculptor, Kim Duffett|
|Envisioned on a grand scale, these three awe-inspiring figures in bronze are dancing hula kahiko, the ancient style of Hawaiian dance. The two female dancers, spirits of the wind, represent the dance and chant of Hawaiian hula. Together they are the winds that uplift the mighty ’lo, the Hawaiian hawk, our central male dancer, who represents the spirit of Hawai‘i poised to take flight. These images pay tribute to the importance of dance, chant and song in the rebirth and . . . — Map (db m13201) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Kawaiaha‘o Landmark|
|William Charles Lunalilo was the kingdom’s sixth
monarch and proved to be very popular from the
beginning of his reign. King Kamehameha V had
preceded Lunalilo and had died without naming a successor. Therefore Lunalilo was appointed by the Legislature, but to affirm that he was the people’s choice, the newly appointed king called for a general election and was voted to the throne by his loving public. His investiture was held here at Kawaiaha‘o. He was destined to rule only a little over . . . — Map (db m13809) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — 13 — Kawehewehe — Waikīkī Historic Trail|
|From olden times Waikīkī was viewed not only as a place of peace and hospitality, but of healing.
There was great mana (spiritual power) in Waikīkī. Powerful kahuna la‘au lapa‘au (or physicians) lived here. Throughout the 19th
century, Hawai‘i’s royalty
also came here to convalesce.
One of Waikīkī’s places of
healing was this stretch of
beach fronting the Halekulani
Hotel, called Kawehewehe
(or the removal). The sick and
the injured came to bathe in
the . . . — Map (db m13225) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — King William Charles Lunalilo — Jan. 31, 1835 – Feb. 3, 1874|
|King Kamehameha V died on December 11, 1872, without naming a successor to the throne. Prince William Charles Lunalilo was the highest ranking Chief at that time. Instead of claiming his birthright to the throne, he wanted the people to choose their next ruler in a democratic way. Lunalilo requested a special election which pitted him against David Kalakaua, a High Chief, but not of the Kamehameha line. Seven days later on January 8, 1873, an entire city cheered as the Legislature proclaimed . . . — Map (db m13788) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Kuroda Field|
|Named in honor of Staff Sergeant Robert T. Kuroda, 442nd Regimental Combat Team.
On 20 October 1944, during the battle of Bruyeres, France, Sergeant Kuroda led his squad in an attack against a strongly defended enemy position. He deployed his squad to cover his advance and personally destroyed two enemy gun positions before being struck by an enemy bullet. Sergeant Kuroda was posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor.
Fort DeRussy was the home of the 100th Infantry Battalion, 442nd . . . — Map (db m13256) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Rainbow Mural|
|This Rainbow Mural, tallest in the world, 286 feet high, 26 feet wide, comprises 8,046 pieces of hand-painted ceramic tile created for the Hilton Tower by Millard Sheets. Dedicated by Conrad N. Hilton and Fritz B. Burns. November 8, 1968. — Map (db m19077) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Rainbow Tower & Hilton Lagoon — Waikīkī Historic Trail|
|The legendary surfer Duke Kahanamoku often strolled the sands of Waikīkī Beach fronting what is now Hilton Hawaiian Village Beach Resort & Spa, 1959.
In ancient times, the coastal plain where you now stand was known as Kālia. Water from the Ko‘olau Mountains flowed in streams into the ocean through what is now world-famous Waikiki Beach. The Kālia area was served by the Pi‘inaio Stream and several freshwater springs. Early Hawaiian farmers developed complex . . . — Map (db m13082) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — 19 — The Ala Wai Canal — Waikīkī Historic Trail|
|Ala Wai (freshwater way) Canal was
at the heart of the Waikīkī Reclamation Project launched in the early 1900s “to
reclaim an unsanitary and most unsightly portion of the city.” The duck farms and the millions of mosquitoes that stagnant ponds
bred were the culprits. Residents complained, the Territorial government responded, and work began in
1922. With the canal’s completion in 1928, the taro and rice fields, the fish and duck ponds, all vanished. The reclaimed acres . . . — Map (db m13196) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — The Honolulu Memorial at the National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific|
|In these gardens are recorded
the names of Americans
who gave their lives
in the Service of their Country
and whose earthly resting place
is known only to God
*Indicates Medal Of Honor Award — Map (db m4504) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — The Story of Kālia — Waikīkī Historic Trail|
|Chief Ma‘likūkāhi, who reigned over the island of Oahu in the mid-1400s, resided in Waikīkī and used it as his seat of government. He was greatly loved by his subjects who enjoyed unprecedented peace and prosperity. Ali‘i (royalty) from all points came to Waikīkī to enjoy surfing, sporting games, hula, and other entertainment. The maka‘āinana (common people) living in Kālia gladly supplied their chiefs with the fruits of their labor. The sharing of food . . . — Map (db m13200) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — U.S. Naval Base Pearl Harbor|
|U.S. Naval Base, Pearl Harbor
has been designated a
Under the provisions of the
Historic Sites Act of August 21, 1935
this site possesses exceptional value
in commemorating and illustrating
the history of the United States
U.S. Department of the Interior
National Park Service
1964 — Map (db m4526) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — U.S.S. Arizona|
|At 0755, 7 December 1941,
near this spot at Berth Fox 7
The USS Arizona
was hit by one torpedo and approximately
seven bombs. One bomb went down the stack and another penetrated the black powder magazines. The sunken ship remains the tomb of nine hundred men.
The USS Vestal was moored alongside the Arizona but got underway and was beached on Aiea Shoal after having been struck by two fifteen inch armor-piercing projectile type bombs. — Map (db m7447) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — USS Arizona Memorial|
|In reverent recognition of divine guidance
and - to the eternal memory of those who
gave their last full measure of devotion
to their country this monument is
dedicated - humbly to their sacrifice in
defending our freedom.
Erected by the
Navy Club of the United States of America
A Naval veterans organization
7 December 1955. — Map (db m60157) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — USS Utah Memorial|
|Near this spot, at Berth Fox 11
on the morning of 7 December 1941,
the USS Utah was struck on the portside
with what is believed to have been
three aerial torpedoes and was sunk.
She was subsequently rolled over
to clear the channel but was
left on the bottom. — Map (db m60044) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — USS Utah Memorial|
|This memorial was officially authorized by the 91st Congress of the United States of America on 14 October 1970. Its construction was made possible by Congressional appropriation and by the generous contributions of many individuals and organizations devoted to the preservation of heroic memories.
Dedicated Memorial Day 1972
Constructed under the direction of the U.S. Navy.
Secretary: John M. Chaffee
Commander-In-Chief Pacific Fleet -
Admiral B.A. Clarey, USN •
Commandants . . . — Map (db m60071) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — USS Utah Memorial — World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument|
|In the waters ahead lie the mostly submerged remains of USS Utah, a former battleship used for target and gunnery training. Two torpedoes struck the Utah as the Pearl Harbor attack began on December 7, 1941. The ship capsized, trapping dozens of men inside. They included Medal of Honor recipient Chief Watertender Peter Tomich, who stayed at his post to make sure the ship's boilers were secured and all fireroom personnel had left their stations.
Efforts to raise the ship . . . — Map (db m60161) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — USS West Virginia Memorial|
|At 0758, 7 December 1941,
near this spot at Bert Fox 6
the USS West Virginia
moored outboard the USS Tennessee
was damaged and sunk by enemy bombs and torpedoes.
As the West Virginia settled to the bottom
she forced the Tennessee against the quay
causing hull damage. The Tennessee also
was struck by two armor-piercing bombs,
and was severely burned by oil fires
on the water, which spread from the
Arizona nearby at Berth Fox 7. — Map (db m60158) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Pearl Harbor — U. S. S. Missouri — Instrument of Surrender, WWII|
|The instrument of surrender terminating the Second World War was signed on this ship, 2 September 1945 east longitude date while she lay at anchor in Tokyo Bay.
The Allied representatives were • General of the Army Douglas MacArthur, The Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers • Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, United States of America • General Hsu Yung-Ch’ang, Republic of China • Admiral Sir Bruce A Fraser, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland • Lieutenant General Kuzma . . . — Map (db m49677) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Waikiki — “Brothers in Valor” Memorial — Fort DeRussy, Oahu, Hawaii|
|Honoring the World War II Veterans of the 100th Infantry Battalion (Separate), the 442nd Regimental Combat Team, the Military Intelligence Service, and the 1399th Engineer Construction Battalion.
“Veterans who served in these units, which are deeply rooted to Hawaii, have rendered significant service to their nation, often with great sacrifice.” —Lt. General Robert L. Ord, III, Commander, U.S. Army, Pacific. November 1995.
100th Infantry Battalion (Separate), . . . — Map (db m26939) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Waikiki — King David Kalākaua — 1836–1891|
| (tablet on back of base)
David Kalākaua was born on November 16, 1836. He succeeded to the throne on February 12, 1874, and ruled with his queen, Kapi‘olani. King Kalākaua was the catalyst for the revival and flowering of Hawaiian intellectual and artistic traditions that took place in the last quarter of the 19th century.
He was an accomplished musician and, among other chants and songs, composed he words of “Hawai‘i Pono’i,” now the State of Hawaii’s . . . — Map (db m13586) HM|
|Hawaii (Honolulu County), Wakiki — Mahiole — (Helmet)|
|Ancient Hawaii was governed by a sharply defined caste system. The kings were the highest authority. Chiefs, or Alii, ruled over sections of the land at the pleasure of the kings. At times there was a king for each of the major islands in the Hawaiian chain.
Wars were frequent among the ancient Hawaiians. A king might attack the people of another island—or a chief might attack the village of a rival chief. Battles consisted largely of hand to hand combat using spears, clubs and . . . — Map (db m13260) HM|