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Huntingdon County Markers
Pennsylvania (Huntingdon County), Alexandria — Hart's Log
The Frankstown Path, highway of early travelers in this region, passed through the settlement of Hart's Log--later called Hartslog, now Alexandria. The place was first named after a hollow log at this site, which the trader John Hart used between 1744 and 1755 as a feeding trough for his pack of horses. — Map (db m90791) HM
Pennsylvania (Huntingdon County), Huntingdon — 222 Penn Street
This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior-Circa 1850 — Map (db m90787) HM
Pennsylvania (Huntingdon County), Huntingdon — 228 Penn Street
This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior-Circa 1909 — Map (db m90785) HM
Pennsylvania (Huntingdon County), Huntingdon — An Industry in RuinsGreenwood Furnace State Park
By the 20th century, iron furnaces like these belonged to the past. The growing cost of transporting raw materials and finished products to and from rural furnaces reduced profits. The forest, the source of wood for charcoal fuel, had been depleted. Iron production, increasingly linked to the demand for steel, shifted to larger, more economical furnaces located in cities.

After furnace #2 closed in 1904, workers dismantled abandoned structures, relocated some, and salvaged the wood from . . . — Map (db m90827) HM

Pennsylvania (Huntingdon County), Huntingdon — An Undeniable PresenceGreenwood Furnace State Park
The iron furnaces at Greenwood dominated this otherwise rural landscape. Beginning in 1834, and for most of 70 years, one or both of the two furnaces located here brightened the night with a fiery, multi-colored glow. For miles around, wood-choppers harvested vast tracts of forest. Colliers then slow-burned the logs into charcoal. Miners dug tons of iron ore from mines nearby, and wagons loaded with limestone lumbered along rustic roads from quarries over the mountain.

So, in 1904, when . . . — Map (db m90822) HM

Pennsylvania (Huntingdon County), Huntingdon — Basic IngredientsGreenwood Furnace State Park
Before the age of railroads, the basic ingredients of iron production needed to be nearby. That explains why furnaces were built in rural settings surrounded by the necessary raw materials. A source of iron ore was essential.

As the furnace fires burned, limestone separated impurities from the molten iron. Huge forests supplied wood for charcoal, a fuel that burned with intense heat.

A stream or creek provided water power to operate machinery designed to fan the charcoal fire, raising . . . — Map (db m90813) HM

Pennsylvania (Huntingdon County), Huntingdon — Blacksmith & Wagon ShopGreenwood Furnace State Park
This large building was the transportation hub of the Furnace Community This large building was built about 1867 to house the blacksmith shop and wagon shop. The company owned over 140 horses and mules, which were brought here to be shoed. The company built and maintained their own wagons, completing about three wagons each year. Blacksmiths and carpenters worked in the building to make the numerous metal and wooden parts for the wagons and repaired tools.

Blacksmiths and . . . — Map (db m90973) HM

Pennsylvania (Huntingdon County), Huntingdon — David R. Porter
Ironmaster and Governor of the State, 1839-45, lived in this house. A leader in local affairs, he was called "our own Davy R." His son Horace, soldier and diplomat, was born here, 1837. — Map (db m52542) HM
Pennsylvania (Huntingdon County), Huntingdon — Fort Standing Stone
Built to protect the settlers against Indian raids. In July, 1778, Continental troops and Militia were ordered here as part of plan of defense against Indian attacks. Old Fort stood 200 yds. south, at Stone Creek and the Juniata. — Map (db m90771) WM
Pennsylvania (Huntingdon County), Huntingdon — Founders Hall1879 - 1979
Juniata acknowledges with gratitude those members of the Huntingdon community who made the construction of Founders Hall possible in 1879. On the occasion of its 100th Anniversary, the College expresses appreciation to those alumni and other friends who, a century later, provided for the renovation of this historic building. — Map (db m52602) HM
Pennsylvania (Huntingdon County), Huntingdon — From Mineral To MetalGreenwood Furnace State Park
The ironmaking process was well-known and cold-blast furnaces built in 18th and 19th century America mimicked designs first used 400 years earlier. A thick stone furnace, shaped like a flat-topped pyramid, served as the place of transformation, where minerals became metal.

Fillers dumped alternating layers of charcoal fuel, iron ore and limestone flux into the top of the furnace. As the charcoal burned, air forced into the furnace raised the temperature to 2,600 to 3,000 F creating several . . . — Map (db m90816) HM

Pennsylvania (Huntingdon County), Huntingdon — Greenwood Furnace
Built about 1837 to supply iron to Freedom Forge near Lewistown. Restored stack, the Church, Big House, and store common to iron making communities remain. Works closed 1904, the last to operate in this region. — Map (db m90809) HM
Pennsylvania (Huntingdon County), Huntingdon — Greenwood FurnaceStack No. 2
Replacing stack No. 1 erected 1833 about 22 feet north. Erected 1860 reconstructed 1935, dedicated Aug 8,1936 to Samuel T. Moore. Through whose efforts this stack was preserved — Map (db m90831) HM
Pennsylvania (Huntingdon County), Huntingdon — Huntingdon County
Formed September 20, 1787 out of Bedford County. Named for the Countess of Huntingdon. Huntingdon, the county seat, was laid out in 1767. This county was developed by settlers attracted to its fertile agricultural land and its rich iron deposits. — Map (db m52579) HM
Pennsylvania (Huntingdon County), Huntingdon — Martin G. Brumbaugh
World War I Governor from 1915-19, one of the most prominent educators of the State, was born a few miles SW, April 14, 1862. Buried in Valley View Cemetery in the same neighborhood. In 1895-1906; 1924-30, he was President Juniata College. — Map (db m52351) HM
Pennsylvania (Huntingdon County), Huntingdon — McAlevy’s Fort
A defense against the Indians-Built in 1778 near this spot by William McAlevy 1728-1822.

A pioneer settler, French and Indian War 1758. A Colonel in the American Revolution, one of five trustees appointed by the General Assembly 1787 to act for the erection of Huntingdon County. Brigadier General, Pennsylvania Militia, 1800. — Map (db m91027) HM

Pennsylvania (Huntingdon County), Huntingdon — McMurtrie Mansion
David McMurtrie built this house in 1817. A pioneer family; leaders in local political and business affairs. Now houses the Historical Society and the Library of Huntingdon County. —————— This home and the adjoining properties were given for the use of the Library and Historical Society of Huntingdon County by Miss Clara McMurtrie 1860 - 1952 — Map (db m52390) HM
Pennsylvania (Huntingdon County), Huntingdon — Northern Water SnakesGreenwood Furnace State Park
Look carefully! From April to October, you might spot Pennsylvania’s most common water snake. The non-venomous northern water snake likes to be close to water and good hiding places, like rocks, logs, and brush piles.

The northern water snake can be seen in a variety of colors. On some adults, the patterns can blend into the background color, making them appear completely black.

Nature’s Balance Northern water snakes are important to the balance of nature because they eat small . . . — Map (db m90812)

Pennsylvania (Huntingdon County), Huntingdon — Onojutta Juniata Achsinnink Standing Stone
Erected Sept. 8th 1896 as a memorial of the ancient Standing Stone Removed by the Indians in 1754< —————— "The Standing Stone" Symbol of Huntingdon Rededicated March 29, 1996 in conjunction with the opening to the bicentennial celebration In memory of those who have come and gone, and in honor of those here now and those who are yet to come. — Map (db m52574) HM
Pennsylvania (Huntingdon County), Huntingdon — Rural Electrification
In 1936 seventy-five percent of Pennsylvania farms had no electric service. During the next five years, with Federal support, 14 consumer-owned cooperatives were formed in this State. Valley Rural Electric Cooperative, serving seven counties from headquarters at Huntingdon, was incorporated November 1, 1938. — Map (db m6754) HM
Pennsylvania (Huntingdon County), Huntingdon — Smithfield Township World War MemorialHonor Roll
To perpetuate the memory of the men of Smithfield Township who served their country in the World's War 1917-1919 [Honor Roll of Veterans] And to honor him who made the Supreme Sacrifice Corporal Thomas Davis McEwen Killed in action, Vesle River, Fismette, France August 8th, A.D. 1918 — Map (db m52603) HM
Pennsylvania (Huntingdon County), Huntingdon — Speer House
Home of R. Milton Speer Congressman, 1870-1874, and his Sons: William McMurtrie Speer, 1865-1923 Newspaperman and Lawyer Robert E. Speer, 1867-1947 Missionary Statesman and Church Leader Victor Speer, 1872-1909 Newspaperman and Poet This house was built in 1850 by Greenbury Dorsey on Lot No. 10 Owned originally by William Smith, D.D. Founder of Huntingdon in 1767 —————— American Presbyterian and Reformed Historical Site No. . . . — Map (db m52394) HM
Pennsylvania (Huntingdon County), Huntingdon — The “Best” IronGreenwood Furnace State Park
Railroads needed the high quality cast iron produced here. Although hard and brittle, it could withstand great weight. Shipped to Freedom Iron Works, the parent plant 12 miles away, Greenwood Works’ cast iron became locomotive tires, railroad wheels and axles, piston and pump rods.

Greenwood iron performed so well that Enoch Lewis, the General Superintendent of the Pennsylvania Railroad wrote to Col. John A. Wright, Greenwood’s owner, “We have been using your Iron for various purposes . . . — Map (db m90828) HM

Pennsylvania (Huntingdon County), Huntingdon — The Worker’s PyramidGreenwood Furnace State Park
It took hundreds of workers to produce iron, although only a few actually worked at the furnace. Fillers dumped carts of ore, charcoal and limestone into the seething tunnel head. The founder, assisted by a keeper, ordered ingredients, determined the amount of air to be blasted into the furnace and decided when to draw off the iron, usually every 12 hours. Guttermen directed molten iron into channels hoed into the sandy, cast house floor. Some furnaces employed moulders to make castings for . . . — Map (db m90815) HM
Pennsylvania (Huntingdon County), Huntingdon — War Memorial
To Those Who Served Our Country In Time Of War ———— They Gave Their Today For Our Tomorrow — Map (db m52589) HM
Pennsylvania (Huntingdon County), Marklesburg — Martin G. Brumbaugh
Governor of the State, 1915-19, outstanding educator, was born near here April 14, 1862. Superintendent county schools, 1884-90. Juniata College president, 1895-1906; 1924-30. Died Mar. 14, 1930. Buried in Valley View Cemetery — Map (db m90789) HM
Pennsylvania (Huntingdon County), Mount Union — Mount Union Area Veterans Memorial
To Honor All Veterans Serving In The Armed Forces In War And Peace [Panels Recognize Different Wars] Dedicated November 11, 1991 — Map (db m52590) HM
Pennsylvania (Huntingdon County), Mount Union — Site of National Steam Grist Mill
Constructed 1867 by Peter M. Bare — Map (db m52381) HM
Pennsylvania (Huntingdon County), Mount Union — Stone House
Erected 1841 by John Sharrar — Map (db m52385) HM
Pennsylvania (Huntingdon County), Obisonia — Bedford Furnace
First iron furnace in the Juniata region. Famous as a center for making quality charcoal iron. Located on Black Log Creek below its junction with Shade Creek. Completed about 1786. — Map (db m44766) HM
Pennsylvania (Huntingdon County), Orbisonia — Juniata Iron
Along the streams of this region are ruins of many charcoal iron furnaces and forges built between 1790 - 1850. Juniata iron was the best in America. Its reign ended with the rise of coal and coke iron making. — Map (db m44767) HM
Pennsylvania (Huntingdon County), Rockhill Furnace — East Broad Top Railroad
East Broad Top Railroad Has Been Designated A Registered National Historic Landmark Under the Provisions of The Historic Sites Act of August 21, 1935 This Site Possesses Exceptional Value In Commemorating and Illustrating The History of the United States U.S. Department of the Interior National Park Service 1964 — Map (db m32389) HM
Pennsylvania (Huntingdon County), Shade Gap — Shadow of Death
The name applied to this locality by Conrad Weiser and other travellers on the Frankstown Path in the mid-18th century. Its local significance is now unknown. — Map (db m32404) HM
Pennsylvania (Huntingdon County), Shirleysburg — Fort Shirley
One of the chain of frontier defenses of the Province of Pennsylvania in the French and Indian Wars stood on this knoll, built 1756 by its Commander the noted Indian trader and agent George Croghan here in 1753 at the site of Aughwick Indian Town he had located his trading post and here September 3-6, 1754 Conrad Weiser the noted Indian interpreter and agent had held a conference with the great Iroquoian half king Tanacharisson and other chiefs . . . — Map (db m40042) HM
Pennsylvania (Huntingdon County), Shirleysburg — Fort Shirley
Built 1755-56 by George Croghan. First a stockade and then a major link in the frontier fort chain west of the Susquehanna. Base for the Armstrong expedition, 1756. Site on opposite knoll. — Map (db m44836) HM
Pennsylvania (Huntingdon County), Water Street — Frankstown Path
The path turned south, up the Frankstown Branch of Juniata. The Warriors Path from Great Island came in at Water Street, so named because the river bed was used as a passage through Tusseys Mountain. — Map (db m91030) HM
Pennsylvania (Huntingdon County), Water Street — Juniata Iron
Along the streams of this region are ruins of many charcoal iron furnaces and forges built between 1790-1850. Juniata iron was the best in America. Its reign ended with the rise of coal and coke iron making. — Map (db m91032) HM
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