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Isle of Wight County Virginia Historical Markers

 
US Rt 17 (facing north) image, Click for more information
By Bernard Fisher, July 31, 2010
US Rt 17 (facing north)
Virginia (Isle of Wight County), Carrollton — K 311 — James River
The James River flows about 340 miles from the junction of the Jackson and Cowpasture rivers in Botetourt County to Hampton Roads at the Chesapeake Bay. In 1607 the first permanent English settlement in the New World was established on its banks at . . . — Map (db m33970) HM
Virginia (Isle of Wight County), Carrollton — K 247 — Josiah Parker(Macclesfield)
Col. Josiah Parker (1751-1810) served in the Revolutionary War in the 5th Virginia Regiment from Aug. 1776 until July 1778 when he resigned his commission. Parker distinguished himself at the Battle of Trenton (25-26 Dec. 1776), the Battle of . . . — Map (db m35974) HM
Virginia (Isle of Wight County), Carrollton — K 244 — Warraskoyack Indians
Near here, where the Pagan River empties into the James River stood the small village of Mokete of the Warraskoyack Indians. Another Warraskoyack village called Mathomank existed on Burwell's Bay. The principal settlement of Warraskoyack was located . . . — Map (db m35972) HM
Virginia (Isle of Wight County), Carrolton — 1954 Nike-Ajax Missile Site N-75L
The Cold War and Nike-Ajax Base N-75 The “Cold” War (1949-1990) is so named because no actual armed conflict took place between the two alliances: The Warsaw Pact and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). It began when . . . — Map (db m36019) HM
Virginia (Isle of Wight County), Carrolton — Missile Magazine and Launch Operations
Specifications Range: 25-30 miles Speed: Mach 3 (1,679 mph) Altitude: 70,000 feet Length: 34 feet 10 inches with booster Missile only: 21 feet Weight: 2,455 lbs. with booster Missile only: 1,000 lbs. Diameter: 12 inches . . . — Map (db m36029) HM
Virginia (Isle of Wight County), Carrolton — Nike-Ajax Missile Radar Control Site N-75C
The Cold War and Nike-Ajax Base N-75 Here was located site N-75C (C for control) and the counterpart site N-75L (L for launch) was located at Carrollton Nike Park. The “Cold” War (1949-1990) is so named because no actual . . . — Map (db m36038) HM
Virginia (Isle of Wight County), Carrolton — People and Places, circa 1957 at N-75L
U.S. Army units stationed at N-75L/C The Army Antiaircraft Command (ARAACOM), with both guns and missiles, was established 1 July 1950. It was re-designated Army Air Defense Command (ARADCOM) on 21 March 1957 after all units were converted . . . — Map (db m36034) HM
Virginia (Isle of Wight County), Isle of Wight — K 260 — Boykin's Tavern
Boykin's Tavern is a rare surviving example of the hostelries once common in Virginia courthouse complexes, where they offered food and accommodations for people attending court. The original structure was built in the late 18th century for Maj. . . . — Map (db m35977) HM
Virginia (Isle of Wight County), Isle of Wight — Isle of Wight County
Isle of Wight County formerly called Warrosquoyacke after Indians of this area visited by Captain John Smith 1608 settled by Captain Christopher Lawne and other adventurers 1619 one of eight original shires 1634-1637 . . . — Map (db m36057) HM
Virginia (Isle of Wight County), Isle of Wight — Isle of Wight County Confederate Monument
1861-1865 Confederate Dead Isle of Wight’s loving tribute, to her heroes of 1861 to 1865. “They bravely fought They bravely fell They wore the gray They wore it well” “Bright were the lives they gave for . . . — Map (db m36048) HM
Virginia (Isle of Wight County), Smithfield — K-242 — Basse’s Choice
In Nov. 1621, Capt. Nathaniel Basse received a grant of 300 acres of land, now known as Basse’s Choice, located nearby. It was one of the first English settlements in Isle of Wight County, though humans had lived there more than 5000 years. On Mar. . . . — Map (db m2678) HM
Virginia (Isle of Wight County), Smithfield — Battle of SmithfieldThe Town that Wouldn’t Surrender
This section of the Pagan River in front of you is where the Union gunboat, USS Smith-Briggs, was run aground and destroyed by local Confederate troops during the January 31-February 1, 1864, Battle of Smithfield. Smithfield . . . — Map (db m76763) HM
Virginia (Isle of Wight County), Smithfield — K-246 — Benn’s Church
This Methodist Church was known in 1804 as Benn’s Chapel. Bishop Asbury preached here in 1804. — Map (db m2674) HM
Virginia (Isle of Wight County), Smithfield — K-241 — Bennett’s Plantation
By Nov. 1621, Edward Bennett had obtained a patent from the Virginia Company to establish Bennett’s Plantation, also known as Warrascoyack and Bennett’s Welcome. By Feb. 1622, the Sea Flower arrived with the first residents and they began . . . — Map (db m2677) HM
Virginia (Isle of Wight County), Smithfield — Fort BoykinTrue Southerners Do and Dare — The 1862 Peninsula Campaign
True Southerners Do and Dare. The 1862 Peninsula Campaign. Directly in front of you is the entrance to Fort Boykin. Originally built in 1623 to protect the colonists against “Spaniards by sea and Indians by land” and called . . . — Map (db m2699) HM
Virginia (Isle of Wight County), Smithfield — 35 — Fort Boykin Historic Park
The Warraskoyack Indians had a town south of Fort Boykin in the vicinity of Tormentor Creek and another on Jones Creek near the mouth of the Pagan River. John Smith stayed with them on his 1608 mission to Powhatan’s residence on the York River . . . — Map (db m2757) HM
Virginia (Isle of Wight County), Smithfield — K 327 — Fort Huger
One mile northeast, at Hardy’s Bluff on Lawne’s Neck, existed Fort Huger, a Civil War earthen fortification. Virginia State Engineer Col. Andrew Talcott authorized this and other forts to block any Union naval advance up the James River to Richmond. . . . — Map (db m18619) HM
Virginia (Isle of Wight County), Smithfield — 34 — Fort HugerCaptain John Smith’s Adventures on the James — www.johnsmithtrail.org
Shells have been found in amazing quantities along this area of the river. The Indians who lived beside the saltwater stretches of river did not have tuckahoe and other freshwater plants to sustain them in poor crop years, when shellfish likely . . . — Map (db m18641) HM
Virginia (Isle of Wight County), Smithfield — Fort HugerDefending the James River — 1862 Peninsula Campaign
(prelude) In April 1862, Union forces under Gen. George B. McClellan began a major campaign to capture Richmond, marching west from Fort Monroe up the Peninsula between the York and James Rivers toward the Confederate capital. A Confederate . . . — Map (db m35929) HM
Virginia (Isle of Wight County), Smithfield — Isle of Wight County War Memorial
Dedicated to all veterans of Isle of Wight County for their honorable service to our nation. June 14, 2001 By these engravings we remember all those who made the supreme sacrifice in the wars of our nation, and less we not . . . — Map (db m36051) HM
Virginia (Isle of Wight County), Smithfield — K 329 — Ivy Hill Cemetery
One half-mile north, Ivy Hill Cemetery, established in 1887, is the resting place of many prominent local residents including Joseph W. Luter, Sr., Smithfield Packing Company co-founder, and P.D. Gwaltney Jr., founder of Gwaltney Hams. Others buried . . . — Map (db m76776) HM
Virginia (Isle of Wight County), Smithfield — Law & Politics in 18th Century Isle of Wight
Constructed in 1750 and 1751, this building was the center of law and politics in Isle of Wight County until 1800, when the seat of county government was moved to its current location, seven miles south of Smithfield. — Map (db m36049) HM
Virginia (Isle of Wight County), Smithfield — Liquid MazeCaptain John Smith Chesapeake National Historic Trail
More than 100,000 rivers, streams, and creeks flow through the Chesapeake region. This massive web of waterways includes some 11,000 miles of shoreline---more than that of the entire U.S. West Coast.

For centuries, these watercourses comprised . . . — Map (db m98262) HM

Virginia (Isle of Wight County), Smithfield — K 316 — Old Isle of Wight Courthouse
Smithfield served as the county seat from 1752 to 1801. The Old Isle of Wight Courthouse was built in 1752. Constructed by William Rand, it is one of Virginia's few surviving colonial structures and is notable for having a semicircular apse with a . . . — Map (db m35961) HM
Virginia (Isle of Wight County), Smithfield — K 238 — Old Town
Half a mile north, stood the Warrascoyack Indian village. Captain John Smith obtained corn there for the starving colonists in 1608. The Warrascoyacks took part in the massacre of 1622 and their village was destroyed in 1623. In 1680, Old Town was . . . — Map (db m18655) HM
Virginia (Isle of Wight County), Smithfield — Saint Luke's Church
Saint Luke's Church Mother Church of Warrasquyoake now Isle of Wight County The earliest original Gothic architecture structure in the United States of America 1632 An unique bridge between our civilization and the rich culture . . . — Map (db m86205) HM
Virginia (Isle of Wight County), Smithfield — K-243 — Smithfield
The town was established in 1752. The Masonic Hall was built in 1753. Benedict Arnold occupied the town, January 15, 1781. At Cherry Grove Landing near by, skirmishing took place on April 13-15, 1864, and the Confederates made a daring capture of a . . . — Map (db m2676) HM
Virginia (Isle of Wight County), Smithfield — K 243 — Smithfield
Smithfield, incorporated in 1752, became a busy colonial port and was county seat of Isle of Wight through 1800. British troops under Brig. Gen. Benedict Arnold occupied the town on 15 Jan 1781. During the Civil War, a two-day naval engagement . . . — Map (db m98254) HM WM
Virginia (Isle of Wight County), Smithfield — K-245 — St. Luke’s Church
St. Luke’s Church, also known as “The Brick Church,” and the Newport Parish Church, is likely America’s purest expression of Gothic architecture. Its buttressed walls, lancet side windows, and traceried east windows link the building to . . . — Map (db m2675) HM
Virginia (Isle of Wight County), Smithfield — Z-242 — Surry County / Isle of Wight County
Surry County Surry County, named for the county of Surrey in England, was formed from James City County about 1652. The Quiyoughcohannocks, whose villages were primarily situated in present-day Surry County, were among the first Virginia . . . — Map (db m2680) HM
Virginia (Isle of Wight County), Smithfield — 35 — Welcome to Fort Boykin Historic ParkCaptain John Smith’s Adventures on the James — www.johnsmithtrail.org
Fort Boykin was named after Francis Marshall Boykin who was a Virginia state senator, general in the state militia and owner of the property on which the fort was built. The topography at Fort Boykin provided the best possible location for . . . — Map (db m18638) HM
Virginia (Isle of Wight County), Smithfield — K 240-b — Wrenn’s Mill
Wrenn’s Mill stood south of here on Pagan Creek. A mill powered by water for grinding grain existed there before 1685, when Thomas Green bequeathed it to his wife. The mill was referred to as Little Mill and Green’s Mill before Charles Wrenn . . . — Map (db m2679) HM
Virginia (Isle of Wight County), Wills Corner — Z-113 — Isle of Wight County / Nansemond County
Isle of Wight County. Area 314 Square Miles. One of the original Shires formed in 1634. Its name was at first Warrascoyack, changed in 1637 to Isle of Wight. Of the oldest churches in the United States is in this County. Nansemond . . . — Map (db m75660) HM
Virginia (Isle of Wight County), Windsor — UT 19 — Seven Confederate Brothers
On 22 Apr. 1861, at the beginning of the Civil War, six sons of Benjamin Mills Roberts and Mary Ann Wright Roberts enlisted in Co. D (Isle of Wight Rifle Grays), 16th Va. Inf. Regt. They were Mills W., John W., Sylvester J., Benjamin C., Francis C., . . . — Map (db m35935) HM
Virginia (Isle of Wight County), Zuni — Z 191 — Southampton County / Isle of Wight County
(Obverse) Southampton County Area 604 Square Miles Formed in 1748 from Isle of Wight and Nansemond. Named for a locality that was originally named for the Earl of Southampton, active in the first settlement. General William Mahone . . . — Map (db m18109) HM
Virginia (Isle of Wight County), Zuni — U 121 — Zuni
Zuni, a rail stop along the Norfolk & Petersburg Railroad, was established by 1736. Confederate forces were stationed here in 1861 to protect the railroad bridge and the road leading to Suffolk. In May 1862, they destroyed the bridge to prevent . . . — Map (db m18160) HM

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