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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
 
 

Kern County California – Historical Markers

Arvins Veterans Marker image, Click for more information
By Denise Boose, June 3, 2012
Arvins Veterans Marker
California (Kern County), Arvin — Arvins Veterans
Dedicated with Pride and Appreciation to All Military Personnel from the Arvin and Lamont Area "Operaton Desert Storm" Janice Acree • Jose A. Garza • Javier Almaguer • Steven M. Gutierrez • John Alverez • Ted Johnson • Joe Baltierra • . . . — Map (db m59203) HM
California (Kern County), Arvin — Arvin-Sierra Glider Port1937-1941
Located on the hills in front of you, on the historic Tejon Ranch, the Arvin-Sierra Glider Port was the site for the West Coast Soaring Championships. Many of America’s famous glider pilots made record flights from here, soaring over the mountains . . . — Map (db m80599) HM
California (Kern County), Arvin — Bakersfield National Cemetery
Dedicated to the Memory of All the Patriotic Men and Women Who Answered Their Country's Call to Service George W. Bush President of the United States James B. Peake Secretary U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs . . . — Map (db m59200) HM
California (Kern County), Arvin — 371 — Francisco Garces O.F.M
Padre Garcés, first recorded non-Indian to visit this locality, came in April of 1776, seeking a new route from Mexico to California. His epic journey covered more than two thousand miles of uncharted wilderness, opening trails that later became . . . — Map (db m11932) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Adobe House
Adobe was a common material used to construct buildings from the Spanish mission period of California history through the 1930s. Adobe is a sun-dried brick made from soil or clay. This structure was built to resemble an adobe dwelling . . . — Map (db m25062) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Alphonse Weill Residence
This is the original site of the residence of pioneer merchant Alphone Weill, wife Henrietta, and three children, Irma, Blanche, and Lawrence. The house, built in 1882-3, and now standing in Pioneer Village, was constructed by Alexis Godey, former . . . — Map (db m55120) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Arlington House
Former site of two-story Arlington House opened December 26, 1874. Rebuilt to three stories after fire of 1889 and operated until 1915. Redesigned in 1916 to two-story business and store building. — Map (db m55122) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Assay Office
Kern County experienced a mining boom just like other parts of California. Prospectors arriving from near and far found gold, silver and other valuable ore in Kern County’s mountains beginning in the 1850s. An assayer tests the purity . . . — Map (db m26080) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Bakersfield Californian
Home of The Bakersfield Californian Erected by Alfred Harrell 1925 — Map (db m55744) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Bandstand
Public parks sprang up as a response to the increasingly polluted urban environments created by the industrial revolution in the 1800s. Urbanization and industrialization began to change American life by the 1840s. Large, open, green . . . — Map (db m25447) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Bank of Bakersfield
This site patented by Colonel Thomas Baker in 1867. Numerous individuals owned property until erection of Bank of Bakerfield in 1903. Replaced by present Bank of America buiding in 1930. — Map (db m55118) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Barnes Log Cabin
After being injured while fighting for the Confederacy during the Civil War, Thomas Barnes came to Kern County looking for opportunity. In 1868, a tremendous flood washed trees from the Sierra Nevada Mountains down the Kern River . . . — Map (db m25076) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Beale Memorial Clock Tower
The Beale Memorial Clock Tower was a gift to the City of Bakersfield from Truxtun Beale in memory of his mother, Mary Edwards Beale. Dedicated on April 2, 1904, the clock tower originally stood in the center of the intersection at Chester . . . — Map (db m25001) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Bena Depot
Situated at the southern end of the San Joaquin Valley, Kern County was part of a natural corridor for a railroad running between San Francisco and Los Angeles. The Southern Pacific Railroad began laying track southward from San . . . — Map (db m25117) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Blacksmith Shop
Many large farms and ranches throughout Kern County operated a blacksmith shop to make and repair tools. This blacksmith shop was built at the Calloway Ranch around 1890. The Calloway Ranch was located near the Kern County Land . . . — Map (db m26972) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Brock's Department Store
This site was deeded by Col Thomas Baker to Agnes Stine in 1871. Dave Hirshfeld ran the Pioneer Store here in 1899. Succeeded by Otto Belau in the same year. In 1904 the business was sold to Hochheimer and Co. After the 1919 fire the structure was . . . — Map (db m55116) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Bungalow
The bungalow style home was popular throughout California and across the country in the early years of the 1900s because of its simplistic design and low cost. People migrating to California often had very limited resources and would . . . — Map (db m64023)
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Cable Tool Drilling Rig
Kern County is one of the top oil producing areas in the United States. Four oil fields in Kern County have each produced over one billion barrels of oil. In 1899, the discovery of oil on land near the Kern River started an oil boom. . . . — Map (db m25692) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Captain Elisha Stephensand the — Stephens-Townsend-Murphy Party of 1844
Elisha Stephens was born in South Carolina in 1804 and moved to Georgia with his family at a young age. However, he was to spend most of the first half of his life in the frontier lands bordering the Missouri River. Like many other Americans of his . . . — Map (db m55187) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — 382 — Colonel Thomas Baker
California Historical Landmark Colonel Thomas Baker Civil Engineer – Lawyer Farmer – Soldier 1810 – 1872 In 1863 Colonel Baker came to this location. A friend to all travelers. His settlement became known at . . . — Map (db m24900) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Cook Wagon
During the 1880s, this wagon was used by a cook as a portable kitchen to prepare meals for field hands employed by the Kern County Land Company. The wagon is equipped with a pantry for storing vegetables and bread, a sink, a work space . . . — Map (db m26973) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Court House and Jail
From the 1850s to the 1890s, the lure of gold brought people to the mountains and deserts of Kern County. Mining towns such as Claraville, Havilah and Randsburg sprang up almost overnight. Although most of the residents of these . . . — Map (db m25994) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Dentist's Office
Tooth decay was a common and greatly feared ailment in earlier days. People either had to make do with a painful tooth or find someone to pull it. If a trained dentist could not be found or afforded, a blacksmith or another person who . . . — Map (db m25929) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — 290 — Discovery WellKern River Field — California Historical Landmark
Oil was discovered at 70 feet in 1899, when Tom Means persuaded Roe Elwood and Frank Wiseman, aided by Jonathan, Bert, Jed, and Ken Elwood, George Wiseman, and John Marlowe, to dig here for oil. On June 1, 1899, 400 feet to the north, Horace and . . . — Map (db m25294) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Doctor's Office
Until modern medicine, contagious diseases afflicted both young and old and many died at a young age. In 1875, there were fifteen physicians in Kern County, which had a widely scattered population of approximately 2,700 people. These . . . — Map (db m25921) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Don José Jesús (J. J.) Lopez
This gentleman deserves so much more than a simple grave marker saying, “Father – Joseph J. Lopez – 1852 – 1939”. The man’s true name was José Jesús Lopez (or J. J.). Among other things he was in charge of all of . . . — Map (db m83347) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Drug Store
Treatment for illness and the maintenance of good health were important for the success of a new community. Early pharmacists compounded prescription medicine with mortars and pestles, made their own pills, and sold popular patent . . . — Map (db m25308) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Enternal Flame
We salute All Veterans Who Lie In God's Quiet Garden or Beneath His Murmuring Waves — Map (db m55746) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Ethel's Old Corral
These days restaurants come and go in the blink of an eye. But every so often a venue dishes up just the right mix of food and ambiance. Ethel's Old Corral is a perfect example of a restaurant getting it right. Great food, entertainment, customer . . . — Map (db m89308) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Fairhaven Pump House
Access to adequate water supplies was crucial to the settlement of Kern County. Water from the Kern River was diverted to irrigate farmlands, but most towns relied on wells for drinking water. The Fairhaven Water Company built this . . . — Map (db m25493) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — 277 — Francisco Garces1738 – 1781 — Spanish Franciscan
Padre Garces seeking a new route between Sonora, Mexico and Monterey crossed Rio de San Felipe (Kern River May 7, 1776) at Rancheria San Miguel now Bakersfield. First recorded white man in this locality, he brought Christianity to the Indian and on . . . — Map (db m34769) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Fraternal Hall
To entertain men seeking their fortunes in mining boom towns, social clubs and fraternal organizations held meetings and offered other diversions in Kern County’s mining communities. The exhibits on display in this building contain . . . — Map (db m26006) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Gazebo
A gazebo is a common garden structure often found in warm climates to provide shade. Dairy owner Christian Mattly built this gazebo next to a dormitory for students enrolled in courses at the Kern County High School farm around 1905. . . . — Map (db m25369) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — General Store
One of the first retail establishments built in a small town during the early 1900s was a general store selling food, household goods and hardware to people living nearby The town of Woody, named for Sparrel Woody, was established about . . . — Map (db m83625) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — 137 — Gordons FerryCalifornia Historic Landmark
Gordon’s Ferry was an overhead cable type of ferry operated during the 1850’s by Major Gordon. An adobe station house was located on the south bank of Kern River, just a few yards to the west of this marker. It was also a station on the Butterfield . . . — Map (db m25149) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Havilah Courier
Newspapers brought news of wars, politics, local happenings and other important information to the residents of Kern County. This exhibit displays artifacts reminiscent of Kern County’s first newspaper office, the Weekly Courier. . . . — Map (db m26087) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — 732 — Home of Elisha Stevens
Near this spot stood the last home of Elisha Stevens, noted American pathfinder and scout. Born in Georgia April 5, 1804, he learned blacksmithing during his youth. Drifting west he became a trapper on the Upper Missouri for more than two decades. . . . — Map (db m50252) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Hospital
Only the most impoverished people sought treatment at a hospital. The first county hospital in Bakersfield opened its doors to the public in January 1875. The hospital was constructed at 13th and G Streets for $1,400.00. It was a plain . . . — Map (db m27061) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Hotel Fellows
The discovery of oil on the west side of Kern County in the late 1800s brought an influx of people to the area and created oil boom towns such as Fellows, Reward, and Taft. In 1910, L. R. Buchanan built the Hotel Fellows for Martha . . . — Map (db m25992) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Howell House
In 1891, William Howell hired local carpenter John Singleton to construct this Queen Anne style Victorian home on the northeast corner of 17th and H Streets in Bakersfield. William Howell moved with his parents and sisters from . . . — Map (db m25034) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — 14 — Jewett Family – Kern County Pioneers
This area was originally a portion of the Jewett Brothers’ Ranches. In 1859 Solomon and Philo Jewett walked 2000 miles to present day Kern County. They built the first store in Bakersfield in 1865 and the same year raised the first commercial cotton . . . — Map (db m24989) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Joss House
The Chinese community was an early and significant element of the population of Kern County. Chinese immigrants contributed to the social, economic and industrial growth of Kern County by mining, farming, building railroads, and owning . . . — Map (db m25318) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Kern City French Bakery
East Bakersfield, originally named Sumner, was founded by the Southern Pacific Railroad in 1874. The name of the town was changed to Kern in 1893 and shortly thereafter was called Kern City. This building, constructed in 1910, was . . . — Map (db m25063) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Kern County Chamber of Commerce
The Kern County Chamber of Commerce building was completed in 1928, Chester Avenue was part of State Highway 99, the main north-south route through California. Architect Charles H. Biggar designed this Spanish-style building on land . . . — Map (db m25008) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Kern County Fair Exhibit Building
Over the years, county fairs have provided a venue for farmers and their families to showcase crops, livestock, arts, and crafts and learn about the latest agricultural techniques. The land presently occupied by the museum was once the . . . — Map (db m51873) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Kern County Hospital
In 1875 a one story wooden building was erected here facing G Street in a swampy area. Facilities were primitive. Cost of the structure was $1,400. — Map (db m83295) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Kern County Korean War Memorial
[Center Panel:] Korea The Forgotten War June 25, 1950 – July 27, 1953 33,741 – Americans Killed in Action 2,835 – Non-Hostile Deaths 103,283 – Americans Wounded . . . — Map (db m25041) WM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Kern County Land Company Building
In 1894, four years after the formation of the Kern County Land Company, the firm built an office building that demonstrated its "Faith in the Future" of Bakersfield. The structure with outside walls of cream colored pressed brick, trimmed with gray . . . — Map (db m52573) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Kern County Veterans"Grove of Honor"
. . . — Map (db m72640) WM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Kern County Vietnam War Memorial
To The More Than 14,000 Men and Women From Kern County Who Served In Vietnam… And To Those Who Gave The Ultimate Sacrifice… You Are Not Forgotten Wind Beneath My Wings 1963 Clayton A. Fannin 1965 Larry S. Pierce . . . — Map (db m25130) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Kern River Flour Mills
In 1871 Horatio P. Livermore and William Muehe built the Kern River Flour Mills on the Kern Island Canal. Muehe sold his interest to Fordyce Roper in 1874 and Livermore to James B. Haggin in 1879, who also acquired Roper's interest in 1884. The . . . — Map (db m53243) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — 588 — Kern River Slough
Just south of this point stood the Butterfield Overland Stage site known as Kern River Slough. Operating through present Kern County during 1858 – 1861. This famous line ran from St. Louis, Missouri to San Francisco until the outbreak of . . . — Map (db m24946) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Kern Valley Bank
The Kern Valley Bank, established on February 24, 1874, was the first bank incorporated in Kern County. Established soon after the economic depression known as the Panic of 1873, the Kern Valley Bank managed to weather the nationwide . . . — Map (db m25978) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Lόpez-Hill House
José and Mary Lόpez belonged to the first generation of Americans born in California after statehood was granted on September 9, 1850. José Lόpez came to Kern County to raise sheep in 1873. The following year Edward Beale, . . . — Map (db m25013) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — 690 — Last Home of Alexis Godey
Near this site stood the home of Alexis Godey, frontiersman and scout, who lived here from 1883 until his death on January 19, 1889. Born in St. Louis, Missouri in 1818, he acted as guide for John C. Frémont's expedition through the Kern area in . . . — Map (db m51676) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Livermore and Chester Store
Site of Livermore and Chester Store, first business establishment in Bakersfield, an adobe structure built in 1865. Purchased by H. H. Fish in 1886. Destroyed in the fire of 1889. Rebuilt in 1890. — Map (db m55119) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Metcalf House
Thomas Metcalf built this charming Eastlake-style Victorian house on the southwest corner of Dracena and C Streets near downtown Bakersfield in 1885. Thomas Metcalf, born in St. Clairsville, Ohio, enlisted to fight for the Union Army . . . — Map (db m25983) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Miller and Lux Survey Office
Large scale farming and ranching was needed to supply the restaurants and grocery stores in fast-growing cities like San Francisco and Los Angeles in the late 1800s. Henry Miller and Charles Lux purchased large areas of land throughout . . . — Map (db m25309) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Norris School
One-room school houses dotted the rural Western landscape to serve sparse populations before the automobile made transportation to towns faster and easier. This one-room school was built in 1882 north of the town of Rosedale on land . . . — Map (db m25075) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — 1 — Pablo Galtes - Union CemeteryHistorical Marker #1
Pablo Galtes facilitated the establishment of the Catholic community of Bakersfield in the early 1870's. The first Mass celebrated in Bakersfield was said in the back of Pablo's store located on 19th Street near Chester Avenue. (Eleven family . . . — Map (db m52546) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Photographer’s Studio
The invention of photography and mass production of photographic prints brought images of never before seen people, places and events into American homes. By the 1850s, people could obtain a photograph depicting their exact likeness at . . . — Map (db m25115) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Pinkney House
During their childhood, William Pinkney and Amanda Boydston took part in a migration of Americans heading west to seek land, gold and other opportunities in the western states shortly after the end of the Civil War. In 1898, William . . . — Map (db m25114) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — 539 — Posey Station of Butterfield Overland Mail Lines
Two and one-half miles east of this point stood the Posey Station on the Butterfield Overland Stage route that ran from St. Louis, Missouri through present-day Kern County to San Francisco during 1858-61, until the outbreak of the Civil War. — Map (db m25444) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Railroad Scale House and Telephone Booth
Railroad yards are highly specialized facilities consisting of engine maintenance buildings, fueling areas, track and switching areas and material storage yards. This scale house was used in the Santa Fe Railroad switchyard in . . . — Map (db m25636) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — 278 — Rio de San FelipeCalifornia Historical Landmark
One mile north of here on May 1, 1776, Francisco Garces of the Franciscan Order, crossed Kern River in his search for a shorter route from Sonora, Mexico to Monterey, California. He was the first known explorer to describe this river, which he named . . . — Map (db m24984) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Saint John's Episcopal Mission
People living in small towns built churches to provide services within walking distance from their homes. Saint John’s Episcopal Mission opened to parishioners in Rosedale in 1892. In the early days, a pastor from Saint Paul’s Episcopal . . . — Map (db m25457) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Santa Fe Caboose #1323
The caboose was an office, a lookout, and a home away from home for a train crew. In the days before automatic air brakes, the engineer signaled the caboose with his whistle when he wanted to slow down or stop. A brakeman would then . . . — Map (db m25598) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Sheepherder's Cabin
Spanish missionaries brought the first domesticated sheep to California. During the Gold Rush, sheep provided food and textiles to people seeking their fortune in California. In 1906, Thomas Quinn built this cabin to provide housing . . . — Map (db m25081) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Sonora Service Station
The popularity of the automobile created an increasing demand for petroleum products, like gasoline, in the early 1900s. Americans were suddenly able to travel to new destinations faster and easier than ever before, thus requiring new . . . — Map (db m25187) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Southern Pacific Engine #2914
This locomotive, among the largest and most powerful on the Southern Pacific Railroad system, supported the growth and development of the San Joaquin Valley and the West. Engine #2914, called a 4-8-0 because of its wheel . . . — Map (db m25600) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Southern Pacific Railroad Jail
Approximately 3,000 men labored on railroad construction up and over the Tehachapi Mountains in the 1870s. It took over three years for the line to be completed through Kern County. As the railroad slowly progressed through the county, . . . — Map (db m25606) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Standard End Pumping Unit
This standard end pumping unit was salvaged and erected by the Production Department, Chevron U.S.A., Inc., La Habra to commemorate the 100th anniversary of Standard Oil Company of California The unit is composed of original parts from the San . . . — Map (db m26118) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Standard Oil Company Building
Constructed in 1917 by Henry Jastro, this building is listed on both The National Register of Historic Buildings and the The Register of Historic Places by the Bakersfield City Council. It originally housed the executive offices of Standard Oil . . . — Map (db m55124) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Standard School
The discovery of oil near the Kern River in 1899 brought people to the area, creating a boomtown such as Oil Center, Oil City and Oildale. The Standard School District was formed in 1909. Standard Oil Company donated five acres of land . . . — Map (db m51874) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — The Barn
This barn, used to feed and harness teams of horses, was originally located at 1606 “R” Street in Bakersfield. Four horses could be fed and harnessed inside this barn. Chopped hay, stored in the barn’s loft, was lowered . . . — Map (db m25642) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Undertaker's Office
Life in the mid 1800s was difficult. The average age of death in the United States of America was around 40 years old. Disease, accidents and hard work took its toll on people lives. This exhibit displays artifacts, dating from the . . . — Map (db m26141) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Weill House
Built on the southeast corner of 17th and H Streets in Bakersfield in 1882, Alphonse and Henrietta Weill’s house was considered “modern” for its day because of the high ceilings, long hallway, and indoor plumbing. In 1870, . . . — Map (db m25395) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Weill's Department Store"Pioneers of the Past - Builders of the Furture"
Alphonse Weill came from France to Havilah in 1870 and moved to Bakersfield in 1872, was employed by merchant Jacob Weil (No Relation), and became his partner in 1873. Subsequently Weill acquired the business and named it Weill's Department Store. A . . . — Map (db m55123) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Weller House
In the decades after the end of the Civil War, an unstable economy created economic and social turmoil in the United States. People looking for opportunity migrated to the West. The Kern County Land Company founded the Rosedale Colony . . . — Map (db m25678) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Wells, Fargo & Company Express Office
The discovery of gold in California in 1849 started one of the greatest migrations in American history. After moving west to seek their fortune in California, people living in mining camps had to travel long distances to a large city . . . — Map (db m25143) HM
California (Kern County), Bodfish — Silver City Ghost Town
In 1855 gold was discovered in the Kern Valley. Miners flocked here from throughout the world to get in on what was believed to be California's second great gold rush. Towns sprung up in the area but many were abandoned within a few years when the . . . — Map (db m51825) HM
California (Kern County), Bodfish — USS Arizona
She was one of the mightiest battleships of her time, measuring 608 feet in length and 97 feet at the widest point in her beam. She carried twelve 14 inch guns in four turrets and 22.5 inch .51 caliber guns. Her displacement was 31,400 tons with a . . . — Map (db m75886) WM
California (Kern County), Boron — Twenty Mule Team
This is one of the original twenty mule team wagons, built to carry borax out of Death Valley – through 165 miles of desolated mountains and blistering deserts – to the nearest railroad junction in Mojave. It took 20 days to make the . . . — Map (db m50450) HM
California (Kern County), Buttonwillow — 492 — Buttonwillow TreeCalifornia Historical Landmark
A lone tree landmark on an old trans-valley trail. It was an ancient Yokuts Indian meeting place, later a location for white stock rodeos. Miller and Lux established their headquarters and store here about 1885. The town of Buttonwillow takes its . . . — Map (db m50251) HM
California (Kern County), Caliente — 741 — Bealeville
Named for Edward F. Beale this station on the Southern Pacific rail line was established in 1876 as a depot and telegraph office. Service was discontinued in 1943. Beale was Superintendent of California Indian Affairs during the 1850’s. In 1865 he . . . — Map (db m50253) HM
California (Kern County), Caliente — 757 — Caliente
Originally known as Allen's Camp after Gabriel Allen, who in the 1870s had a cabin and stock pasture near here, the settlement was named Caliente when railroad construction reached this point in April 1875. The town became a railroad terminal for . . . — Map (db m11935) HM
California (Kern County), California City — 129 — The Randsburg - Mojave Road
The Randsburg Mojave Road was built by Rice & Shippee of Mojave to speed stage transportation from the Southern Pacific railroad station at Mojave, to the rich gold mines in the Randsburg area; service commenced on November 22, 1898. The stage left . . . — Map (db m78529) HM
California (Kern County), Cantil — 476 — Desert Spring
This spring was on the old Indian Horsethief Trail and later (1834) Joe Walker Trail. The famished Manly-Jayhawk Death Valley parties (1849-50) were revived here after coming from Indian Wells through Last Chance Canyon. The was also a station on . . . — Map (db m50247) HM
California (Kern County), Cantil — Florence "Pancho" Barnes
Florence Leontine Lowe was born July 29, 1901 in Pasadena. Through an arranged marriage in 1921, she became the wife of a minister, Rankin Barnes. She ended her relationship with him a few years after bearing a son, Billy. Florence acquired the . . . — Map (db m51666) HM
California (Kern County), Delano — The Forty Acres
Has been designated a National Historic Landmark. This property possesses national significance in commemorating the history of the United States of America. Forty Acres embodies and conveys multiple layers of national significance . . . — Map (db m54836) HM
California (Kern County), Edison — 660 — Point On The Jedediah Smith Trail
About February 1, 1827, Jedediah Strong Smith, first American to reach Mexican California overland, passed near this spot with his party of fur trappers. From San Gabriel Mission, the group was en route north to a land reported teeming with 'plenty . . . — Map (db m51855) HM
California (Kern County), Edwards — Bell XP-59A Jet Aircraft
On Oct. 2, 1942, a Bell XP-59A Aircraft powered by Twin General Electric Type 1-A Engines introduced Jet Flight to America. This new age began here at Edwards Air Force Base as the XP-59A lifted from Rogers Dry Lake with Bell Test Pilot Robert M. . . . — Map (db m53125) HM
California (Kern County), Edwards — First Flight to Break the Sound BarrierX-1 Loading Pit
The Bell X-1 was loaded into its B-29 Launch Aircraft from this Pit on October 14, 1947 Captain Charles E. "Chuck" Yeager Piloted the Airplane to Mach 1.06 (700 mph) — Map (db m52545) HM
California (Kern County), Edwards — Jackie Cochran"F-104 Starfighter Record Setter"
During her extraordinary 40-year flying career, aviation pioneer Jacqueline "Jackie" Cochran established more speed, altitude and distance records than any other pilot, male or female, in aviation history. While flying a USAF F-88A Sabre here at . . . — Map (db m53124) HM
California (Kern County), Edwards — Sound Barrier Cracked
On October 14, 1947 42,000 feet above this monument, Captain Chuck Yeager, USAF, piloting a Bell X-1 rocket airplane named Glamour Glennis, became the first person to exceed Mach 1. With this flight, the era of supersonic aviation was born. . . . — Map (db m52625) HM
California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — Boeing B-52D - “Stratofortress”
The first prototye B-52 took to the air on 15 April 1952. Nearly 750 B-52’s were eventually built, of which 170 were –Ds. Records set by B-52s included the world’s first non-stop round-the-world flight by a jet aircraft and the first hydrogen . . . — Map (db m64590) HM
California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — CT-39A - "Sabreliner"North American
Originally developed as a private venture to meet a USAF requirement for a twin jet utility trainer, the prototype T-39 made its first flight on 16 September 1958. In all, 143 T-39A’s and six T-39B’s were built for the USAF. Another 62 T-39’s were . . . — Map (db m64619) HM
California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — F-101B • “Voodoo”McDonnell
Originally developed from the McDonnell XF-88 penetration fighter, the F-101 was designed as a long-range bomber escort for the Strategic Air Command. The prototype made its first flight at Edwards AFB in September 1954. When high-speed, . . . — Map (db m62135) HM
California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — F-104A • “Starfighter”Lockheed
The first XF-104 made its initial flight here at Edwards AFB in February 1954. In May 1958, a YF-104A set a world speed record of 1,404.19 mph over Edwards, and in December 1959, an F-104C set a world altitude record of 103, 395 feet here. The . . . — Map (db m62133) HM
California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — F-105D • “Thunderchief”Republic
The YF-105 completed its maiden flight at Edwards AFB in October 1955, easily exceeding Mach One, even though it was powered by a J57 engine - much less powerful than its projected power plant, the J75. The D-model “Thud” added water . . . — Map (db m62132) HM
California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — F-106B • “Delta Dart”Convair
The F-106 Delta Dart had a long and illustrious career at Edwards AFB. The prototype A-model made its first flight here on 26 Dec 56. On 15 Dec 59, Col Joe Rogers piloted as F-106 A to a world speed record of 1,525.695 mph (Mach 2.41) here. In Apr . . . — Map (db m62130) HM
California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — F-111A - "Aardvark"General Dynamics
The F-111A was the world’s first production variable-sweep wing fighter. It completed its maiden flight on 21 December 1964, at Carswell AFB, Texas. The aircraft could exceed twice the speed of sound (Mach 2) by sweeping its wings rearward while in . . . — Map (db m64615) HM
California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — F-16B"Fighting Falcon"
When first flown at Edwards AFB on January 20, 1974, the YF-16 was the most advance fighter in the world. The F-16B is a combat-capable two-seat version of the production F-16A. To date, over 4,000 F-16s have been manufactured worldwide and 122 B . . . — Map (db m63609) HM
California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — F-84F - "Thunderstreak"Republic
The Republic YF-84F prototype (a modified F-84E straight-wing officially designated YF-96A) completed its hour-long first flight at Edwards in June 1950. The first flight of the revised F-model prototype, with its distinctly deeper fuselage profile, . . . — Map (db m64620) HM
California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — F-86F"Sabre"
The F-86, the Nation’s first swept-wing jet fighter, made its initial flight at what is now Edwards AFB on October 1, 1947. The first production model flew on May 20, 1948 and on September 15, 1948 an F-86A streaked to a world-record 670.9 mph. . . . — Map (db m63607) HM
California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — HL-10Lifting Body
Flown 37 times by Nasa's Flight Research Center, Edwards Air Force Base, California First Flight December 22, 1966 Final Flight July 17,1970 Maxium Speed and Altitude Records for Lifting Bodies Held By The HL-10: Mach 1.86 (1228 . . . — Map (db m64025) HM
California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — Leaps in Technology
The United States Air Force has always relied upon the application of leading-edge technologies to fulfill its mission of airpower projection. From the XP-59 of 1942 to the B-2, C-17, and F-22 of today, the Flight Test Center has been essential to . . . — Map (db m63608) HM
California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — N.F.-11 (T.T.-20) - “Meteor”Gloster Aircraft
The Meteor was Britain’s first operational jet aircraft and the only operational Allied jet to see service in World War II. The prototype, designated G.41, completed its first flight in March 1943 under the power of two de Havilland H-1 turbojets. . . . — Map (db m64595) HM
California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — NF-4C - "Phantom II"McDonnell
The Phantom II, first flown in May 1958, was developed as a fleet defense interceptor for the U.S. Navy. After entering Navy service in 1961, the USAF evaluated it at Edwards AFB to fill a fighter-bomber requirement. In 1963 production F-4Cs began . . . — Map (db m64623) HM
California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — PGM-17A • "Thor"Douglas Aircraft
Thor was the free world’s first operational intermediate range ballistic missile (IRBM). It was 65 feet long, 8 feet in diameter and weighed 105,000 pounds. Douglas Aircraft was the prime contractor. The missile utilized a single stage North . . . — Map (db m64589) HM
California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — T-28B - "Trojan"North American
The T-28B was originally developed as a U.S. Navy basic trainer and completed its maiden flight on 6 April 1953. Nearly 500 were built. Early models of the Trojan were tested at Edwards beginning shortly after the plane’s first flight in 1949. A . . . — Map (db m64596) HM
California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — T-33A “Shooting Star”Lockheed
The two-seat T-33 was developed from the single-seat F-80 fighter by lengthening the fuselage slightly more than three feet to accommodate a second cockpit. It was originally designated TF-80C and made its first flight in March 1948. It quickly . . . — Map (db m64593) HM
California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — TF-102A • “Delta Dagger”Convair
The F-102 was developed from the Convair XF-92 delta wing research aircraft of the late 1940s and the prototype made its initial flight in October 1953 at Edwards AFB. It became operational with the Air Defense Command in 1956. At the peak of . . . — Map (db m62134) HM
California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — The Medal of HonorIn Memory of United States Air Force — Medal of Honor Recipients
Main Plaque: The medal of honor is the highest U.S. military decoration awarded to individuals who, while serving in the U.S. armed services, have distinguished themselves by conspicuous gallantry and courage at the risk of life, above . . . — Map (db m62138) WM
California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — UC-45J - "Expeditor"Beech
The Beech C-45 was the Army Air Force version of the Beech Aircraft Corporation’s Model B-18S commercial transport. The popular “Beech 18” also appeared as the AT-7 and AT-11 bombing and navigation trainers (Navy designation . . . — Map (db m64592) HM
California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — YA-10B Prototype number 73-1664Fairchild Republic
Only two-seat A-10 made Fairchild Republic Company’s two-place night/adverse weather A-10 began flight tests at Air Force Flight Test Center at Edwards AFB in May 1979. It was converted by Fairchild from one of six pre-production single place . . . — Map (db m64624) HM
California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — YA-7D - "Corsair II"Ling-Temco-Vought (LTV)
The Corsair II was designed to meet a 1963 Navy requirement for a light attack plane to replace the A-4. The Navy’s A-7A made its first flight in September 1965. Two months later, the Air Force settled on the A-7 as a low-cost way to provide . . . — Map (db m64614) HM
California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — YC-15McDonnell Douglas
Two built by McDonnell Douglas (now Boeing) as Advanced Medium STOL Transport (AMST) with Short Take Off and Landing ability. First flight 26 Aug 1975, landing at Edwards AFB. Pioneered supercritical wing on large aircraft; advanced airlift state . . . — Map (db m62137) HM
California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — YF-100A “Super Sabre”North American
The F-100 was the USAF’s first operational aircraft capable of flying faster than the speed of sound (760 mph) in level flight. The prototype YF-100A made its initial flight on 25 May 1953 and the first production aircraft was completed on October . . . — Map (db m62136) HM
California (Kern County), Frazier Park — El Camino Viejo
El Camino Viejo (The Old Highway) began as an inland trail prior to 1800. It was originally a refugee route running between present day San Pedro in Southern California to the East Oakland area in the north. It was used by Indians, trappers, . . . — Map (db m52115) HM
California (Kern County), Glennville — 495 — Glennville Adobe
Kern County’s oldest residence. Built before Civil War by Thomas Fitzgerald as trading post at junction of two Indian trails. Present Greenhorn Road follows east – west trail (later McFarlane Toll Road) to Kern River mining districts. Town . . . — Map (db m25032) HM
California (Kern County), Glennville — 672 — Lavers Crossing
In 1854 John C. Reid filed a squatter’s claim on this spot. This same year Kern County’s first school class was held here. In 1859 David Lavers, with his father and brother, John, built a hotel and stage barn on the Old Bull Road. The crossing was . . . — Map (db m25323) HM
California (Kern County), Glennville — Lynn’s Bull Road
William Lynn completed his Bull Road past this site from Linn’s Valley across Greenhorn Mountain to Keyesville in 1856. This freight route was used until the opening of the McFarlane Toll Road through Glennville en route to the Kern River Mines in . . . — Map (db m25196) HM
California (Kern County), Grapevine — 300 — Rose Station
Wm. B. Rose, in 1875, a mile east; built an adobe stage station on the site of the Overland Mail Way Station established 1858. From 1853 to 1875 site was known as Rancho Canoa (trough). Originally vaquero camp of the Sebastian Indian Reservation. . . . — Map (db m20196) HM
California (Kern County), Grapevine — 133 — Sebastian Indian Reservation
The Sebastian or Tejon Indian Reservation (headquarters 10 miles east of here) was established in 1853 by Gen. Edward Fitzgerald Beale as one of several California Reservations. The number of Indians quartered here varied from 500 to 2000. General . . . — Map (db m20161) HM
California (Kern County), Havilah — First Catholic Church and Cemetery in Kern County
This is the site of the first Catholic Church St. Josephs and Cemetery built in Kern County in August 1866. It was established by Father Francis Dade, the circuit priest headquartered in Visalia. The Catholic Church here in Havilah was moved to . . . — Map (db m89215) HM
California (Kern County), Havilah — 100 — HavilahCalifornia Historical Marker
Gold deposits at Havilah were discovered in 1864. Havilah was the county seat between 1866, when Kern County was organized, and 1872, when the government was moved to Bakersfield. Havilah was an active mining center for more than 20 years, and there . . . — Map (db m51821) HM
California (Kern County), Havilah — Stage Robbery!
The last stage coach robbery in Kern County occurred near here on August 26, 1896. The Kernville stage to Caliente was held-up by a lone gunman on horseback who got $1,700 in coin and gold bullion from the Wells Fargo strong box. He did not molest . . . — Map (db m83415) HM
California (Kern County), Inyokern — "Siding 16"1909 - 2009
This Railroad Siding, established in 1909, was the beginning of the town of Inyokern. In celebration of its 100th anniversary, it is with pride that the Inyokern Chamber of Commerce contributes this commemorative . . . — Map (db m50242) HM
California (Kern County), Inyokern — 766 — Freeman Junction
In 1834 explorer Joseph R. Walker passed this junction of Indian trails after discovering nearby Walker Pass. Death Valley 49er parties here diverged west and south after their escape from Death Valley enroute to the California gold fields. Later . . . — Map (db m50244) HM
California (Kern County), Inyokern — 457 — Indian Wells
Indian water hole on Joseph R. Walker trail of 1834 where Manly-Jayhawker parties of 1849 found their first water after five days of travel from Argus Range. During 1860's was site of stage and freight station from Los Angeles to Coso and Cerro . . . — Map (db m50243) HM
California (Kern County), Johannesburg — Major Michael Adams, USAFThe First In-Flight Fatality of the American Space Program
In memory of his contribution: Major Michael Adams, USAF, The First In-Flight Fatality of the American Space Program On November 15, 1967 Adams conducted a sub-orbital space flight with the mission of performing six scientific . . . — Map (db m92271) HM
California (Kern County), Johannesburg — 18 — Red Mountain
One of the richest silver strikes occurred in the community of Red Mountain. The Kelly and Grady claims started a silver boom which brought prosperity to this region in the 1900's. In one 60 day period over $170,000 in silver was mined from a hole . . . — Map (db m78593) HM
California (Kern County), Kernville — Bob PowersJune 7, 1924 – September 11, 2002
A fifth generation native of Kern River Valley, Bob is best remembered for the 9 history books he wrote. Without him much of what happened in our valley’s past would have been lost. He was a cowboy, cattleman, ranger, family man and historian. But . . . — Map (db m25238) HM
California (Kern County), Kernville — 132 — KernvilleCalifornia Historical Landmark
Kernville called Whiskey Flat until 1864, was founded in 1860 when Adam Hamilton, whiskey dealer, moved shop here from more temperate Quartzburg, founded earlier that year. Both camps resulted from the discovery of the Big Blue Ledge by . . . — Map (db m25169) HM
California (Kern County), Kernville — Kernville Veterans Memorial
Dedicated to American Prisoners of War and Missing in Action The Loneliest Prayer As I squat here in this lonely place A man maybe even you forgot, I wonder Am I in living hell? Am I alive or not? I think its more than ten . . . — Map (db m27367) HM
California (Kern County), Kernville — Roads End
In 1910 this was Camp 8 – the end of the road. From this uppermost camp a rough wagon track pushed one and one half miles up the river to where Southern California Edison Company constructed the intake for Kern River No. 3 Power Plant. In . . . — Map (db m83825) HM
California (Kern County), Lake Isabella — 742 — Campsite of Edward Kern
Near this spot at the confluence of the north and south forks of the Kern River the Theodore Talbot Party of Captain John C. Fremont’s third expedition to the West camped for several weeks during December 1845 and January 1846. The river was named . . . — Map (db m25092) HM
California (Kern County), Lake Isabella — Old Isabella
Located to the northwest of here, Isabella, a ranching and mining town, was named by Steven Barton in 1893, after Queen Isabella of Spain, Patron of Christopher Columbus. A post office was established here in 1896. In 1953 the community was moved a . . . — Map (db m76872) HM
California (Kern County), Lebec — Camel Trail TerminusFort Tejon
Jefferson Davis, “Father of National Highways,” as Secretary of War 1853-57 sponsored the importation of 33 camels for transporting military supplies to the west coast. The camel trail survey ran from San Antonio, Texas to Fort Tejon . . . — Map (db m32823) HM
California (Kern County), Lebec — 283 — Don Pedro Fages
In 1772, Don Pedro Fages, leaving the first written record of explorations in the south San Joaquin Valley, passed this site, traveling from San Diego to San Luis Obispo via Cajón Pass, Mojave Desert, Hughes Lake, Antelope Valley, Tejón Pass, Cañada . . . — Map (db m20132) HM
California (Kern County), Lebec — 129 — Fort Tejon
This military post was established by the United States Army on June 24, 1854, to suppress stock rustling and for the protection of Indians in the San Joaquin Valley. As regimental headquarters of the First Dragoons, Fort Tejón was an important . . . — Map (db m81718) HM
California (Kern County), Lebec — Lieutenant Edward Fitzgerald Beale
This memorial plaque placed in memory of Lieutenant Edward Fitzgerald Beale First Superintendent of Indian Affairs in California appointed by President Millard Fillmore Sanctioned by the United States government the Tejon Indian . . . — Map (db m32213) HM
California (Kern County), Lebec — Peter Lebec
Although little is known about Peter Lebec, it is believed that he was killed by a grizzly bear, and buried under this tree. His epitaph was originally carved into the tree. — Map (db m11092) HM
California (Kern County), Lebec — Peter Lebeck
Killed by a bear October 17, 1837. In memory of a pioneer of whom only conjecture can speak. — Map (db m83563) HM
California (Kern County), Lebec — The Camels of Fort Tejon
In 1856 the U.S. Army started an experiment using camel for supply transport in the southwest. The camels proved ill suited to the American southwest. In November 1859 a civilian contractor turned over 28 camels to the Army at Fort Tejon. . . . — Map (db m32821) HM
California (Kern County), Lebec — The First and Only "Camel Brigade" of the United States Army
The first and only "Camel Brigade" of the United States Army commanded by Lt. Edward E. Beale 1857-1864. San Antonio, Texas to Fort Tejon, California. — Map (db m32820) HM
California (Kern County), Maricopa — 485 — Lakeview Gusher No.1California Historical Landmark
America's most spectacular gusher blew in here on March 14, 1910. Initially 18,000 barrels per day, the flow later reached an uncontrolled peak of 100,000 barrels per day, completely destroying the derrick. This Union Oil Company well produced nine . . . — Map (db m54267) HM
California (Kern County), Maricopa — Maricopa's Jail
This original iron structure served as the City of Maricopa's Jail for 50 to 60 yrs. (From the teens to the 1960's) It primary functioned as a "Drunk Tank." — Map (db m54788) HM
California (Kern County), McKittick — Painted Rock
Rising above the Carrizo Plain is Painted Rock, an important cultural and spiritual site to California’s native peoples. Most of the pictographs, or painted images found on Painted Rock, are characteristic of the Chumash who lived on the Channel . . . — Map (db m52158) HM
California (Kern County), McKittrick — 504 — Buena Vista RefineryCalifornia Historical Landmark
Eight miles due west of this marker stood one of California's first commercial oil refineries. Between August 1864 and April 1867, approximately 4,000 gallons of illuminating oil produced there was shipped to San Francisco by the Buena Vista . . . — Map (db m78295) HM
California (Kern County), McKittrick — 498 — McKittrick Brea PitCalifornia Historical Landmark
Located one-eigth mile west of here is ancient asphaltum seepage in which hundreds of Pleistocene (15,000 - 50,000 years ago) birds and animals were trapped. Site first explored in 1925 by the University of California, with excavation completed in . . . — Map (db m42707) HM
California (Kern County), Mettler — 291 — Fages-Zalvidea TrailsCalifornia Historical Landmark
In 1772, Don Pedro Fages, first recorded non-Indian to visit the southern San Joaquin Valley, crossed this spot on his way from San Diego to San Luis Obispo. Near this point crossed Father José María de Zalvidea in 1806, while accompanying the Ruiz . . . — Map (db m54266) HM
California (Kern County), Mettler — 540 — Sinks of the Tejon
Six miles east of this point was the site of the Butterfield Stage Line station Sinks of Tejón. Operating through present Kern County during 1858-61, this famous line ran from St. Louis, Missouri to San Francisco until the outbreak of the Civil War. — Map (db m51679) HM
California (Kern County), Mojave — Golden Queen Mine Cart
This display commemorates the Mojave area's rich mining history, which began with the discovery of gold on the Little Buttes north of the present day Silver Queen Road. That discovery by W.W.Bowers was followed by many others in the region, . . . — Map (db m53129) HM
California (Kern County), Mojave — 93 — Josephine Stephens Bishop
"Josie" was born on June 18, 1875 in Silver City, New Mexico to Harvey and Harriet Whitehall. At 19 years old, she taught school in Pinos Altos, New Mexico. She married Herbert Hall Bishop on March 4, 1896, bearing him seven children. The Bishops . . . — Map (db m78560) HM
California (Kern County), Mojave — 652 — Mojave 20-Mule Team Borax Terminus
Just west of this point was the Southern Pacific terminus for the 20-mule-team borax wagons that operated between Death Valley and Mojave from 1884 to 1889. The route ran from the Harmony Borax Mining Company works, later acquired by the Pacific . . . — Map (db m11928) HM
California (Kern County), Mojave — Mojave Air & Spaceport
The Mojave Airport was created in 1935 as part of the Kern County Airport System. The fledgling airport was built to serve gold mines near Mojave. At the outset of World War Two, the airport became a Marine Corps Air Station that trained Marine . . . — Map (db m53126) HM
California (Kern County), Mojave — Rotary Rocket Roton ATVFirst Rocket Powered Vehicle to Fly At Mojave Spaceport — 1999 A.D.
Far better it is to dare mighty thinkigs...even through checkered by failure, than to rank with those timid spirits who neither enjoy nor suffer much because they live in the gray twilight that knows not victory nor defeat. Theodore . . . — Map (db m53128) HM
California (Kern County), Mojave — United States Marine Corps Air StationMojave California — 1942 - 1947 • 1951 - 1959
In dedication to the pilots, air crews and personnel of Mojave, who trained, served and gave their lives in the service of this country, especially to those who valiantly fought for freedom in the great battles of World War II and Korea. Semper . . . — Map (db m53280) HM
California (Kern County), Mojave — Voyager Aircraft / SpaceShipOne Replica
Left Plaque: The 1/5 scale flying model of Voyager was built by Glenn Dunlap of Cincinnati, Ohio, and donated to the Mojave Transportation Museum Foundation in 2009. The original Voyager, designed by Burt Rutan and built at Mojave . . . — Map (db m53127) HM
California (Kern County), Oildale — Oildale Waits Drilling Company
In May 1899, Thomas A. Means owned the land where James and Jonathan Elwood discovered oil on the North Bank of the Kern River. They used a hand auger under the edge of the cliff checking for oil, and later moved to the top to drill. Oil surfaced . . . — Map (db m64665) HM
California (Kern County), Oildale — Oildale, A 100 Years Ago
This mural depicts Oildale around 1899, from the bridge to the surrounding oil derricks on the hills. Oildale was called "Waits" during the oil boom. To your right is Waits Train Station, on Norris Rd. Several business sprang up, and . . . — Map (db m64663) HM
California (Kern County), Onyx — Onyx Store - 1880

William Scodie, born in 1827 in Prussia, originally
 moved to Keyesville in 1856 and opened an 
eating establishment. He relocated to this area in 1861 
operating a way-station from his house. Stocking his 
front room with . . . — Map (db m51862) HM
California (Kern County), Onyx — 99 — Walker's Pass
Discovered by Joseph R. Walker, American trail-blazer who left the San Joaquin Valley through this pass in 1834. This area was traversed by topographer Edward M. Kern, after whom the Kern River was named, while accompanying the Fremont expedition of . . . — Map (db m71071) HM
California (Kern County), Piute Springs — Piute Ranch Homesite of Elizabeth "Lizzie" McGuirkScobie, Shipsey, Kersey — 1860 - 1932
Came to territory by covered wagon in 1865 Settled here in 1876 Owned and operated Gwynne Gold Mine, store hotel and stage station cattle rancher, Indian agent Postmistress — Map (db m83310) HM
California (Kern County), Randsburg — D.T. Jones - Dry GoodsFirst Adobe Buidling In Town — 1895 Randsburg Centennial 1995
In October of 1897 Mr. Jones opened a dry good store in Randsburg. His building was wiped out in the great fire of May 1898, but saved most of his stock by placing it in a fireproof cellar. After the fire he immediately built a new adobe building . . . — Map (db m53854) HM
California (Kern County), Randsburg — 671 — Garlock
In 1896 Eugene Garlock constructed a stamp mill near this spot for the crushing of gold ore from the Yellow Aster Mine on Rand Mountain. Known originally as Cow Wells, by prospectors and freighters during the 1880’s and early 1890’s, the town of . . . — Map (db m51672) HM
California (Kern County), Randsburg — Historic Randsburg
Rand Camp began as a tent city, erected by eager miners who rushed to the Mojave Desert following a major gold discovery in April 1895. A year later, the town of 1,500 had been renamed "Randsburg." Saloons sprouted, a U.S. Post Office was . . . — Map (db m53869) HM
California (Kern County), Randsburg — 938 — Rand Mining District
The Yellow Aster, or Rand Mine, was discovered in April, 1895 by Singleton Burcham and Mooers. The town of Randsburg quickly developed followed by the supply town of Johannesburg in 1896. Both names were adopted from the profusion of minerals . . . — Map (db m50461) HM
California (Kern County), Randsburg — Randsburg Drug StoreRand Mining District Centennial — 1895 - 1995
Nicholas N. Miller – Randsburg Drug Store Nicholas Miller, a native of Michigan, came to Randsburg in December of 1896 and opened a drug store a month later. He was burnt out in both fires of 1898 losing $4,000 in the last fire and an . . . — Map (db m53851) HM
California (Kern County), Randsburg — 57 — Randsburg, California
Gold was discovered on the slope of Rand Mountain in 1895. From this discovery, the town of Randsburg sprang up almost overnight. By 1899, the town had over 3500 residents. Randsburg boasted a 100-stamp mill and conservative estimates are that . . . — Map (db m78578) HM
California (Kern County), Randsburg — The Baltic Mine Project
Few local miners still burrow underground, lured by the rich yellow gleam of gold. Most gold now recovered from California’s Rand Mining District is microscopic in size, and so finely dispersed that it is invisible to the naked eye. Rock containing . . . — Map (db m53870) HM
California (Kern County), Randsburg — The Commerical HotelMy Place Dance Hall / Orpheum Theater — 1895 Centennial 1995
The Commercial Hotel The mining boom of 1922 created a demand for more hotels. To help fill this demand Mrs. Artibe had the Commercial Hotel built in 1922. The lumber for this hotel was finished by the Johannesburg Lumber Company. My Place . . . — Map (db m53856) HM
California (Kern County), Randsburg — The JointSteam Bakery – Randsburg Bakery — 1895 Centennial 1995
The Joint Ray and Olga Guyett purchased this building in the 1950’s and established The Joint, restaurant and bar. The Joint has been the center of Randsburg’s social life for over forty years and has the distinction of being the longest run . . . — Map (db m53853) HM
California (Kern County), Randsburg — Whitehouse SaloonDickinson's Saloon — 1895 Centennial 1995
The Whitehouse Saloon The Whitehouse Saloon was thought to first open as Whitehouse in the late “Teens” under the management of H.B. “Moses” Elder and his brother Emmett Elder. It was closed down by Prohibition in 1920 . . . — Map (db m53855) HM
California (Kern County), Red Mountain — 8 — The Owl Hotel
The Owl Hotel where the action was! Dedicated to Hattie, Little Eva and the girls of the line. While the men mined silver, they dug for gold. — Map (db m78597) HM
California (Kern County), Ridgecrest — William Henry "Burro" Schmidt
A Monument to Determination and Perserverance William Henry "Burro" Schmidt Took thirty eight years to hand dig this half-mile long tunnel--Completed in 1936 Born in Rhode Island, January 30, 1871 Died in Ridgecrest, Calif., January . . . — Map (db m89221) HM
California (Kern County), Rosamond — 130 — Willow SpringsCalifornia Historical Landmark
Visited by Padre Garces (1776) while following Old Horse Thief Trace later known as Joe Walker Trail. Fremont stopped here (1844). The famished Jayhawk Party (1850) found water here while struggling from Death Valley to Los Angeles. Still later was . . . — Map (db m50248) HM
California (Kern County), Rosamond — 130 — Willow SpringsCalifornia Historical Landmark
Willow Springs was a stage station on the Los Angeles-Havilah Stage Lines, 1864-1874. From here light traffic went through Oak Creek Pass via Tehachapi to Havilah and Kernville; heavy traffic went northwest to the Inyo mines, or via Jawbone Canyon . . . — Map (db m50249) HM
California (Kern County), Shafter — 1022 — Shafter Cotton Research Station
The Shafter Cotton Research Station, established here in 1922 by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, developed the "Acala" varieties which were exceptionally well suited to the San Joaquin Valley. The quality of the acala cottons and the marketing . . . — Map (db m52055) HM
California (Kern County), Shafter — 923 — Site of Gossamer Condor Flight
This plaque at Shafter Airport commemorates the world's first man-powered flight to complete the Kremer Circuit, August 23, 1977. The circuit, a figure eight around two pylons one-half mile apart, was completed in six minutes, twenty-two seconds. . . . — Map (db m52057) HM
California (Kern County), Shafter — The Green HotelShafter's First Commerical Building
. . . — Map (db m52058) HM
California (Kern County), Taft — History of Taft
As Taft’s first 100 years is being celebrated in 2010, let’s look back to see from where we came. Taft got its start when the railroad laid tracks to Taft and beyond. Siding Number Two was where it all started along the tracks in the vicinity of 2nd . . . — Map (db m54388) HM
California (Kern County), Taft — Midway Cemetery - 25 Hill
In memory of the men, women and children who were the pioneers of the Midway Sunset Oilfields, never to be forgotten. This cemetery was established November 1911 by William Brooks of the Taft Undertaking Company on land supplied by . . . — Map (db m88604) HM
California (Kern County), Taft — The FortReplica of Sutter’s Fort — Erected in 1940 A.D.
Constructed on the basic plan of Sutter’s original fort one hundred years after its erection in Sacramento by that distinguished pioneer Captain John Augustus Sutter. The building of this replica of one of the most outstanding landmarks to the early . . . — Map (db m54394) HM
California (Kern County), Taft — The Fort, Taft
Built of native adobe, The Fort is a replica of Sutter's Fort in Sacramento, originally it was built to accommodate county, state, and federal officers, as well as be utilized as a town hall. The Fort was dedicated on May 22, 1940. — Map (db m54397) HM
California (Kern County), Taft — West Kern Oil Museum
The Jameson # 17 oil derrick, which was drilled in 1917 and produced until the 1980’s, was scheduled to be torn down. In 1974 the local American Association of University Women and several dedicated people convinced Jameson Oil Company to donate . . . — Map (db m88603) HM
California (Kern County), Tehachapi — 643 — "Old Town"
The oldest settlement in Tehachapi Valley, known as 'Old Town,' was established here during the 1860s. It was long an important station on the road between Southern California and the San Joaquin Valley, the community began to decline when residents . . . — Map (db m11913) HM
California (Kern County), Tehachapi — 28 — 1915 Street Dance Mural
A street dance held in 1915 commemorated the first electric streetlights installed in Tehachapi. The site of the dance was the corner of Green and F Street. The building there housed the Masonic Lodge and Post Office in 1915, and the mural shows the . . . — Map (db m53119) HM
California (Kern County), Tehachapi — 16 — Arrastra at Railroad Park
The arrastra was a very primitive way of milling or crushing gold ore, using a mule walking in a circle and “drag” stones, a method brought to the New World by the Spaniards. The Tehachapi Heritage League moved the arrastra to this . . . — Map (db m50254) HM
California (Kern County), Tehachapi — 3 — August Weferling House
Located on the northeast corner of "D" and Green Streets, this house was built in 1880 by August Weferling. The redwood tree in front was planted the day he married his second wife, Luella Duty Weferling (an early Tehachapi businesswoman), in 1905. — Map (db m52801) HM
California (Kern County), Tehachapi — 6 — B.M. Denison House & 1880's House
B.M.Denison House - Located on the northeast corner of "D" and Curry Streets, this house was constructed entirely from cedar wood in 1898 by B.M. Denison. He planted the first commercial Barlett Pear orchard along Curry Street. 1880s . . . — Map (db m52811) HM
California (Kern County), Tehachapi — 20 — Beekay TheatreDedicated on the day, December 6, 2008 — City of Tehachapi - Respecting Our Past – Planning Our Future
Originally opened in 1936, the Beekay Theatre survived the historic earthquake of 1952 and endured a number of façade changes before burning in the 1990’s. The reconstruction preserves the original façade behind, which lies a fully modern theatre. . . . — Map (db m52969) HM
California (Kern County), Tehachapi — Duty~Honor~Country
The Sacrifices of few ensured the freedom of many. A grateful community remembers those who served in the Armed Forces of the United States during time of war and peace, whose courage and personal sacrifices defended and preserved our freedom. — Map (db m79895) WM
California (Kern County), Tehachapi — 8 — Early High School
This house was built by Dr. Russell Peery in the 1890s. It was originally constructed in Cummings Valley for use as a hotel and spa. Later dismantled, it was moved to the present site. In 1928, it was used as a high school, and continued until . . . — Map (db m52813) HM
California (Kern County), Tehachapi — 2 — Errea House
The Erra family occupied this dwelling for 75 years. The structure was built by a doctor in "Old Town" (or "Tehichipa") 4 miles west of Tehachapi between 1870 and 1875. It was moved to this location on log rollers about 1900. It is the only . . . — Map (db m52800) HM
California (Kern County), Tehachapi — 4 — First Methodist & Episcopal Church
The first Methodist & Episcopal Church in Tehachapi was built here in 1881. It was later torn down and the present house was built with the wood from the church. — Map (db m52802) HM
California (Kern County), Tehachapi — 24 — Former Post OfficeSite of Early Historic Buildings & Former Post Office
The current building, which was built to house the post office, replaced two older houses. It is now privately owned and houses offices of local businesses. Across the alley behind the building, there was once a small, tin building that housed . . . — Map (db m71108) HM
California (Kern County), Tehachapi — 18 — Former Richfield Service Station
The Richfield Service Station was built here in 1921 by Jack and "Doro" (Theodore) Leiva, who operated the station and adjoining cabins for travelers for over 50 years. It was named the Bartlett Richfield Station due to the many Bartlett Pear trees . . . — Map (db m52895) HM
California (Kern County), Tehachapi — 12 — Gallinger House
Built by Joe Gallinger in 1880, it was purchased in 1926 by Jim and Lucinda (Callie) Wiggins Brite. Upon Lucinda's death in 1944, the Davis family purchased the house. It was customary to drive sheep and cattle along Curry Street to the railroad . . . — Map (db m52890) HM
California (Kern County), Tehachapi — 23 — Hitching Post Theatre
This building was contructed after the 1952 earthquake to house a post office, a department store, an electric shop, a variety store and a drug store. The photo shows the two-story frame hotel (formerly the Old Summit School, which was moved to this . . . — Map (db m52968) HM
California (Kern County), Tehachapi — 5 — McFarland House & Late 1880s House
McFarland House - Located on the northwest corner of "D" and Green Streets, this house was built in the late 1800s by the McFarland family, who operated a sawmill and box factory in Tehachapi, circa 1890. Late 1880s House - Located . . . — Map (db m52810) HM
California (Kern County), Tehachapi — MonolithCalifornia
1906-1914: City of Los Angeles builds and operates plant to make cement for Los Angeles Aqueduct and also constructs town named Aqueduct to house workers and families. 1910: Aqueduct train station and post office are renamed Monolith. . . . — Map (db m52988) HM
California (Kern County), Tehachapi — 97 — Oak Creek PassCalifornia Historical Landmark
Father Francisco Garces used the Oak Creek Pass in 1776 to return to the Mojave after exploring the San Joaquin Valley, as did Fremont in 1844-45. Until the building of the railroad through the Tehachapi Pass in 1876, Oak Creek Pass was the only . . . — Map (db m50250) HM
California (Kern County), Tehachapi — 13 — Odd Fellows Hall
Built as the Odd Fellows Hall in the early 1930's, it was later used as a movie theatre, dance hall and labor union hall. It was once owned by St. Malachy Church and used as a church hall (1949-53). The structure survived the 1952 earthquake intact, . . . — Map (db m52892) HM
California (Kern County), Tehachapi — 11 — Original site of the First Catholic Church in 1887
The present, remodeled bank building was constructed in 1936 as the second St. Malchy Church. In the early 1980's the structure was sold to the newly formed Sierra National Bank, which was acquired by the Bank of the Sierra in May 2000. — Map (db m52888) HM
California (Kern County), Tehachapi — 7 — Peery House
This house was built by Dr. Russell Peery in 1890. He owned a drug store in Tehachapi and was noted for having developed the "gold cure" for arthritis. It later became the residence of Albert Ancker, a long time banker who was a President of the . . . — Map (db m52812) HM
California (Kern County), Tehachapi — 25 — People of the MountainsThe Nuwa Tribe
In this village scene from before contact with the white man, women weave baskets and grind foodstuffs in bedrock mortars. Children play games, as the men make tools and weave rabbit pelt blankets. The border shows more recent members and elders of . . . — Map (db m52990) HM
California (Kern County), Tehachapi — 26 — Red Front Blacksmith Shop Mural
The original Red Front Blacksmith Shop was located directly across the street from this mural. The workers pictured represent many local ranching families. The images in the ovals next to the buildings show scenes from Tehachapi's ranching history. . . . — Map (db m53116) HM
California (Kern County), Tehachapi — 22 — Site of Bank of Tehachapi
The first bank in Tehachapi was incorporated on October 11, 1892, in a dry goods store on "G" Street (now Tehachapi Boulevard). The founder and first President of the Bank of Tehachapi ws Isadore Asher, who operated the bank in the rear of this . . . — Map (db m52966) HM
California (Kern County), Tehachapi — 15 — Site of the Kessing Building
On this site, the first frame building in Tehachapi was built by Mary and Bernard Kessing. They replaced the original wooden building in 1905 with a beautiful brick building named the Kessing Building, which was destroyed in the 1952 earthquake. A . . . — Map (db m53123) HM
California (Kern County), Tehachapi — 9 — Tehachapi Hospital
Originally built by Jean Capdeville as a rooming house, it was later sold to Drs. Madge and Harold Schlotthauer in 1934. It was then used as a hospital until the 1952 earthquake. Although badly damaged, no lives were lost in the hospital. The large . . . — Map (db m52819) HM
California (Kern County), Tehachapi — 508 — Tehachapi Loop
From this spot may be seen a portion of the world-renowned “Loop.” It was completed in 1876 under the direction of William Hood, Southern Pacific Railroad Engineer. In gaining elevation around central hill of loop a 4000 foot train will . . . — Map (db m11903) HM
California (Kern County), Tehachapi — 27 — Tehachapi Loop Mural
The Tehchapi Loop put Tehachapi on the map when it was completed in 1876. Before that time there was no rail access across the Tehachapi Mountains. The historic Loop is pictured here, circa 1952, with a trompe l'oeil effect showing damage to the . . . — Map (db m53117) HM
California (Kern County), Tehachapi — 1 — Tehachapi Museum
This structure was built in 1932 as the Kern County Branch Library. When a new library was constructed in 1981, the County gave the old building to the City of Tehachapi with the stipulation that it be used as a public building. In 1982 the City . . . — Map (db m52668) HM
California (Kern County), Tehachapi — Tehachapi Pass
Tehachapi Pass became the preferred route connecting the Mojave and the San Joaquin Valley after John C. Fremont and Kit Carson passed this way during the 2nd Fremont Expedition in 1844. Situated at the southern edge of the Sierra Nevada, Tehachapi . . . — Map (db m51786) HM
California (Kern County), Tehachapi — Tehachapi Pass Railroad LineConstructed 1874 – 1876 — Commemorated October 1998
In front of you is the world famous Tehachapi Loop which is about halfway upgrade to the Tehachapi Pass. This steep line averages 2.2% in gradient in its 28 miles of length. This feat of civil engineering genius was crowning achievement of civil . . . — Map (db m11910) HM
California (Kern County), Tehachapi — 29 — T-Hacha-P Brand Mural
The "T-Hacha-P" logo was taken from an early fruit crate label. The steam powered combine shown is followed by a horse drawn water wagon, with Tehachapi Peak in the background. Jake Jacobsen, a former mayor and civic leader, along with his brother . . . — Map (db m53115) HM
California (Kern County), Tehachapi — The Great Flood of 1932 and Engine No. 3834
On September 30th torrential rains flooded Tehachapi Creek, undermining the tracks under Santa Fe Engine No. 3834 which was waiting out the storm about ½ mile east of Woodward Station. The engine disappeared into the raging water below. It . . . — Map (db m11912) HM
California (Kern County), Tehachapi — The Legend of Avelino Martinez
Avelino Martinez was of Mexican, Indian and Chinese descent, four feet-four inches tall and thirteen years of age when he came with a group of drovers to the United States from Sonora, Mexico, searching for his father. He worked as a groom for . . . — Map (db m52918) HM
California (Kern County), Tehachapi — 17 — The Muro House
This was the first house constructed in Tehachapi, built in 1877 by Fred Boden. It was occupied from 1895 to 1940 by Mr. and Mrs. T.P. Sullivan. He was the Southern Pacific Roadmaster and was elected to Tehachapi's first Board of Trustees in 1909. . . . — Map (db m52893) HM
California (Kern County), Tehachapi — The Tehachapi Museum
City of Tehachapi Respecting Our Past – Planning Our Future The Tehachapi Museum Dedicated On May 22, 2010 Built in 1931 in the Art Deco style, this building originally housed the Kern County Library and was later given to the . . . — Map (db m52829) HM
California (Kern County), Tehachapi — 1054 — Tomo-Kahni
In the Kawaiisu language, tomo-kahni means winter village. The site's location between the coast and desert allowed the site occupants to hold an important place for trade between these areas and the southern Central Valley. The sacred rock art . . . — Map (db m92889) HM
California (Kern County), Tehachapi — 10 — Two 1890's Houses
These two houses were constructed in the 1890's. One structure was built by R.D.Williamson and the other by Fred Boden. — Map (db m52669) HM
California (Kern County), Tehachapi — Why Tehachapi Pass? / Pioneers of the Wind / Hike A Mile or Two - Thousand
First Panel: Wind Development Why Tehachapi Pass? 1) Close to Energy Users The proximity of Tehachapi Pass to the Los Angeles Basin makes it an attractive location for wind power development, as it reduces the length, . . . — Map (db m63166)
California (Kern County), Twin Oaks — Walker BasinPoint of Historical Interest
Walker Basin was on the stagecoach route from Caliente to Keyesville. The Western Confederates were here during and after the Civil War 1861 to 1867. Abia T. Lightner came to the basin in 1858 and took up farming and raising cattle. In 1864, where . . . — Map (db m51829) HM
California (Kern County), Twin Oaks — KER - 008 — Walker BasinPoint of Historical Interest
Originally called "The Park" due to its characteristics, the area, according to the present day historical experts, was named Walker's Basin, sometime in the 1860's after George Walker, its first settler. Early history books indicate, however, that . . . — Map (db m51830) HM
California (Kern County), Walker Basin — Dedicated to Little Lucy and the Lightners
Left Plaque: Dedicated to Little Lucy and the Lightners Clyde (Bob) Robinson, Charman • Bob Robinson, Vice Chairman • Ron Wermuth, Secretary • Barbara Allen, Treasurer • June Price Boner, Public Relations • Norie Ellerman, Tribual . . . — Map (db m71074) HM
California (Kern County), Walker Basin — Rankin Ranch
This valley, Walker Basin, was originally named "The Park" before being named for Joseph R. Walker, an early day scout. The founder of Rankin Ranch, Walker Rankin was 22 when he left Pennsylvania in 1854 for the California "Gold Rush." He . . . — Map (db m71073) HM
California (Kern County), Wasco — Korean and Vietnam Veterans Memorial
For the comrades and families who gave of themselves to insure America’s Freedom. Dedicated to the memory of SSG Larry S. Pierce, Sept 1965, MOH-RVN; Sgt. Steven Chavira, 1971 MIA-RVN. — Map (db m62804) WM
California (Kern County), Woody — 631 — Garcés Baptismal Site
Three miles north of this point was the site of the first recorded Christian baptism in the San Joaquin Valley. On May 23, 1776, Padre Francisco Garcés, earliest non-Indian in this area, baptized an Indian boy whom he called Muchachito at a Yokuts . . . — Map (db m83803) HM
California (Kern County), Woody — Granite Station(Five Dogs)
Built it 1873 by John Elden, this stand of buildings served as store, restaurant, and lodging place on the stage route between Bakersfield and Glennville. In later years it became a stopping place for freighters and sheepmen who were on their trek . . . — Map (db m25716) HM
California (Kern County), Woody — Joseph Weringer, Sr.Pioneer Businessman, Miner
Joseph Weringer, Sr., Born 1855 In Vienna, established the “Weringer Brewery and Bowling Alley” in Bakersfield in 1881. In 1889 he moved here and established the original townsite of Woody, named after pioneer rancher Sparrel Woody. . . . — Map (db m83306) HM
California (Kern County), Woody — 589 — Mountain House
One and one-half miles north of this point stood the Mountain House Station on the route of the Butterfield Stage. Operating through present Kern County during 1858-1861, this famous line ran from St. Louis, Missouri to San Francisco until the . . . — Map (db m95183) HM
California (Kern County), Woody — Woody
Dr. Sparrell W. Woody, pioneer rancher, settled in this area in 1862. In 1894 quartz gold was discovered on Blue Mountain. Copper was discovered in 1891 by Joseph Weringer who operated both the Greenback Copper Mine and the Weringdale Hotel. The . . . — Map (db m83341) HM

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