|California (Kern County), Arvin — Arvins Veterans|
|Dedicated with Pride and Appreciation to All
Military Personnel from the Arvin and Lamont Area
"Operaton Desert Storm"
Janice Acree • Jose A. Garza • Javier Almaguer • Steven M. Gutierrez • John Alverez • Ted Johnson • Joe Baltierra • Russell Halterman • Timothy Been • Charles W. Hull • Nathaniel Bratton • Antonio Martinez • Victor H. Cardenas • Regino Medina •
Eddie Cervantes • Lance Renteria • Pedro Chavez • Dexter Scott • Bruce Coates • William Shears • Edward Decker • . . . — Map (db m59203) HM|
|California (Kern County), Arvin — Arvin-Sierra Glider Port — 1937-1941|
|Located on the hills in front of you, on the historic Tejon Ranch, the Arvin-Sierra Glider Port was the site for the West Coast Soaring Championships. Many of America’s famous glider pilots made record flights from here, soaring over the mountains and into the desert. The contests were popular events to pilots and public alike and the site became the most important glider port in California. When World War II shut down activity here, those star pilots became key to the war effort — as . . . — Map (db m80599) HM|
|California (Kern County), Arvin — Bakersfield National Cemetery|
|Dedicated to the Memory of
All the Patriotic Men and Women
Who Answered Their Country's Call to Service
George W. Bush
President of the United States
James B. Peake
U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs
William F. Tuerk
Under Secretary for Memorial Affairs
National Cemetery Administration — Map (db m59200) HM|
|California (Kern County), Arvin — 371 — Francisco Garces O.F.M|
|Padre Garcés, first recorded non-Indian to visit this locality, came in April of 1776, seeking a new route from Mexico to California. His epic journey covered more than two thousand miles of uncharted wilderness, opening trails that later became highways and railroads. — Map (db m11932) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Adobe House|
Adobe was a common material used to construct buildings from the Spanish mission period of California history through the 1930s.
Adobe is a sun-dried brick made from soil or clay. This structure was built to resemble an adobe dwelling in Kern County during the mid 1800s.
The adobe bricks used to construct this building were salvaged from a 1930s Bakersfield residence. The adobe house, located near Fairfax Road and Brundage Lane, belonged to William and Flora Deuel Combs. . . . — Map (db m25062) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Alphonse Weill Residence|
|This is the original site of the residence of pioneer merchant Alphone Weill, wife Henrietta, and three children, Irma, Blanche, and Lawrence. The house, built in 1882-3, and now standing in Pioneer Village, was constructed by Alexis Godey, former scout for General John C. Fremont. — Map (db m55120) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Arlington House|
|Former site of two-story
opened December 26, 1874. Rebuilt to
three stories after fire of 1889
and operated until 1915. Redesigned
in 1916 to two-story business and
store building. — Map (db m55122) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Assay Office|
| Kern County experienced a mining boom just like other parts of California. Prospectors arriving from near and far found gold, silver and other valuable ore in Kern County’s mountains beginning in the 1850s.
An assayer tests the purity of gold and other precious metals in a sample of rock and minerals.
This exhibit resembles the assay office at the Yellow Aster Mine in Randsburg, a mining town in eastern Kern County, around 1900. The Yellow Aster Mine is one of the most famous . . . — Map (db m26080) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Bakersfield Californian|
The Bakersfield Californian
1925 — Map (db m55744) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Bandstand|
| Public parks sprang up as a response to the increasingly polluted urban environments created by the industrial revolution in the 1800s.
Urbanization and industrialization began to change American life by the 1840s. Large, open, green areas were planned to offer city dwellers a place to reconnect with nature.
With the inclusion of bandstands, amphitheatres, and playgrounds, parks became a community gathering place for concerts, recreation, and other activities.
Truxtun . . . — Map (db m25447) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Bank of Bakersfield|
|This site patented by Colonel Thomas Baker in 1867. Numerous individuals owned property until erection of Bank of Bakerfield in 1903. Replaced by present Bank of America buiding in 1930. — Map (db m55118) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Barnes Log Cabin|
| After being injured while fighting for the Confederacy during the Civil War, Thomas Barnes came to Kern County looking for opportunity.
In 1868, a tremendous flood washed trees from the Sierra Nevada Mountains down the Kern River depositing them on the valley floor. Thomas Barnes built this cabin from logs he retrieved after the flood. Thomas and his wife Jane with seven of their children lived in this house.
Thomas and Jane settled on 160 acres southwest of Bakersfield near . . . — Map (db m25076) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Beale Memorial Clock Tower|
| The Beale Memorial Clock Tower was a gift to the City of Bakersfield from Truxtun Beale in memory of his mother, Mary Edwards Beale.
Dedicated on April 2, 1904, the clock tower originally stood in the center of the intersection at Chester Avenue and 17th Street in downtown Bakersfield.
In the summer of 1952, a series of earthquakes shook Kern County causing extensive damage to the clock tower. The clock tower was demolished in the quake’s aftermath. Only the original clock works, . . . — Map (db m25001) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Bena Depot|
| Situated at the southern end of the San Joaquin Valley, Kern County was part of a natural corridor for a railroad running between San Francisco and Los Angeles.
The Southern Pacific Railroad began laying track southward from San Francisco through the San Joaquin Valley in the 1870s. The Tehachapi Mountains were the last obstacle to finishing the railroad. The steep climb from the valley floor up the mountains was overcome with an engineering marvel known as the Tehachapi Loop, . . . — Map (db m25117) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Blacksmith Shop|
Many large farms and ranches throughout Kern County operated a blacksmith shop to make and repair tools.
This blacksmith shop was built at the Calloway Ranch around 1890. The Calloway Ranch was located near the Kern County Land Company’s Rosedale Colony northwest of Bakersfield.
Many trades were practiced in a ranch’s blacksmith shop. Blacksmiths shaped metal using various tools including a forge, hammer, anvil, tongs and a vise. Farriers affixed metal shoes to the bottom of . . . — Map (db m26972) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Brock's Department Store|
|This site was deeded by Col Thomas Baker to Agnes Stine in 1871. Dave Hirshfeld ran the Pioneer Store here in 1899. Succeeded by Otto Belau in the same year. In 1904 the business was sold to Hochheimer and Co. After the 1919 fire the structure was rebuilt in 1920. In 1924 the property became Brock's Department Store, the present building was modernized following the earthquakes of 1952. — Map (db m55116) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Bungalow|
|The bungalow style home was popular throughout California and across the country in the early years of the 1900s because of its simplistic design and low cost.
People migrating to California often had very limited resources and would first live in a small structure while saving for a more substantial house. These small homes gained an air of dignity after travelers noticed the resemblance between these wide-spread, one-story houses and the East Indian "bungalow."
The California . . . — Map (db m64023)|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Cable Tool Drilling Rig|
| Kern County is one of the top oil producing areas in the United States. Four oil fields in Kern County have each produced over one billion barrels of oil.
In 1899, the discovery of oil on land near the Kern River started an oil boom. The oil boom resulted in the construction of hundreds of wooden derricks north of Bakersfield over the next few years.
A cable tool drilling rig uses a cable or rope to raise and lower a large metal drill bit. The drill bit pounds on the ground . . . — Map (db m25692) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Captain Elisha Stephens — and the — Stephens-Townsend-Murphy Party of 1844|
|Elisha Stephens was born in South Carolina in 1804 and moved to Georgia with his family at a young age.
However, he was to spend most of the first half of his life in the frontier lands bordering the Missouri River. Like many other Americans of his time he had many occupations: blacksmith, trapper, hunter, guide, soldier, farmer, and explorer. During the 1820’s and 1830’s, it appears that he participated as a free trapper in the northwest fur trade, thus developing the skills of a mountain man . . . — Map (db m55187) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — 382 — Colonel Thomas Baker|
|California Historical Landmark
Colonel Thomas Baker
Civil Engineer – Lawyer
Farmer – Soldier
1810 – 1872
In 1863 Colonel Baker came to this location. A friend to all travelers. His settlement became known at “Baker’s Field.” This civic center is his dream come true. His motto —
“Time will justify a man
who means to do right”
October 18, 1942
Kern County Historical Society, Bakersfield City Council, El Tejon . . . — Map (db m24900) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Cook Wagon|
| During the 1880s, this wagon was used by a cook as a portable kitchen to prepare meals for field hands employed by the Kern County Land Company.
The wagon is equipped with a pantry for storing vegetables and bread, a sink, a work space with bins for flour and sugar and a room to hang meat.
The Kern County Land Company, founded by Lloyd Tevis and James Ben Ali Haggin, once owned vast expanses of land in Kern County.
The Kern County Land Company donated this cook wagon, . . . — Map (db m26973) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Court House and Jail|
From the 1850s to the 1890s, the lure of gold brought people to the mountains and deserts of Kern County. Mining towns such as Claraville, Havilah and Randsburg sprang up almost overnight.
Although most of the residents of these towns were law abiding citizens, some unsavory characters came to the bustling towns of Kern’s mining districts.
In 1866, Havilah became Kern County’s first center of government due to the city’s growing population.
This building, representing . . . — Map (db m25994) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Dentist's Office|
| Tooth decay was a common and greatly feared ailment in earlier days.
People either had to make do with a painful tooth or find someone to pull it. If a trained dentist could not be found or afforded, a blacksmith or another person who was adept at tongs was often called upon to extract the tooth.
Al Kruger donated this residence in 1957. It was originally located on farmland about four miles west of downtown Bakersfield.
One room homes, such as this one, were a common . . . — Map (db m25929) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — 290 — Discovery Well — Kern River Field — California Historical Landmark|
|Oil was discovered at 70 feet in 1899, when Tom Means persuaded Roe Elwood and Frank Wiseman, aided by Jonathan, Bert, Jed, and Ken Elwood, George Wiseman, and John Marlowe, to dig here for oil. On June 1, 1899, 400 feet to the north, Horace and Milton McWhorter drilled this region's first commercial well. — Map (db m25294) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Doctor's Office|
| Until modern medicine, contagious diseases afflicted both young and old and many died at a young age.
In 1875, there were fifteen physicians in Kern County, which had a widely scattered population of approximately 2,700 people. These fifteen doctors and the many that followed could be summoned day or night, during floods and storms, to the bedside of those in need.
There were many times when all a doctor could do for the suffering patient was to relieve pain, bind up wounds, . . . — Map (db m25921) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Don José Jesús (J. J.) Lopez|
|This gentleman deserves so much more than a simple grave marker saying, “Father – Joseph J. Lopez – 1852 – 1939”. The man’s true name was José Jesús Lopez (or J. J.). Among other things he was in charge of all of the animals on Rancho El Tejón for almost 60 years. He was hired by General Edward F. Beale in 1874 to manage his 95,000 sheep, then in 1885 they switched to cattle. J. J. retired as Majordomo in 1933 but stayed on the ranch as a valued advisor until . . . — Map (db m83347) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Drug Store|
| Treatment for illness and the maintenance of good health were important for the success of a new community.
Early pharmacists compounded prescription medicine with mortars and pestles, made their own pills, and sold popular patent medicines, which promised to cure a variety of ills.
Francis M. Carlock operated his dray and transfer business out of this building, which originally stood on 18th Street in downtown Bakersfield. A dray is a two- or four-wheeled wagon used for . . . — Map (db m25308) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Enternal Flame|
Who Lie In
or Beneath His
Murmuring Waves — Map (db m55746) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Ethel's Old Corral|
|These days restaurants come and go in the blink of an eye. But every so often a venue dishes up just the right mix of food and ambiance. Ethel's Old Corral is a perfect example of a restaurant getting it right. Great food, entertainment, customer service, and the original rustic ambiance have kept customers returning for over 70 years. Ethel Beeson"s family opened Ethel's in the 1940's and current owner Natalie Mears has continued to operate the business with the original vision which has made . . . — Map (db m89308) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Fairhaven Pump House|
| Access to adequate water supplies was crucial to the settlement of Kern County.
Water from the Kern River was diverted to irrigate farmlands, but most towns relied on wells for drinking water.
The Fairhaven Water Company built this structure in 1921 to house a well and pump located in the middle of the intersection of Fairhaven Drive and East Drive northwest of Bakersfield.
The Fairhaven Water Company provided water to residential and commercial customers until 1981 when . . . — Map (db m25493) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — 277 — Francisco Garces — 1738 – 1781 — Spanish Franciscan|
|Padre Garces seeking a new route between Sonora, Mexico and Monterey crossed Rio de San Felipe (Kern River May 7, 1776) at Rancheria San Miguel now Bakersfield. First recorded white man in this locality, he brought Christianity to the Indian and on Rio Colorado his brave life was crowned with martyrdom.
“Greater love hath no
man than this – That a man
lay down his life for his friends.” — Map (db m34769) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Fraternal Hall|
To entertain men seeking their fortunes in mining boom towns, social clubs and fraternal organizations held meetings and offered other diversions in Kern County’s mining communities.
The exhibits on display in this building contain artifacts from various fraternal organizations in Kern County. The upstairs portion of this building is refurbished as a Masonic Lodge Hall with the cooperation of local organizations. The cubicles on the lower floor house exhibit regalia from Elks, . . . — Map (db m26006) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Gazebo|
A gazebo is a common garden structure often found in warm climates to provide shade.
Dairy owner Christian Mattly built this gazebo next to a dormitory for students enrolled in courses at the Kern County High School farm around 1905.
Students were instructed in growing alfalfa, corn, cotton, fruit, vegetables and flowers to build their knowledge of agricultural practices. Instructors also taught students how to care for chickens, cows, horses, and turkeys.The high school farm . . . — Map (db m25369) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — General Store|
|One of the first retail establishments built in a small town during the early 1900s was a general store selling food, household goods and hardware to people living nearby
The town of Woody, named for Sparrel Woody, was established about 1889 in the mountains north of Bakersfield. Trying to entice settlers to the area, Joseph Weringer laid out a townsite named Weringdale on land adjacent to Woody in 1909. The name Weringdale given to the townsite eventually changed to Woody. . . . — Map (db m83625) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — 137 — Gordons Ferry — California Historic Landmark|
|Gordon’s Ferry was an overhead cable type of ferry operated during the 1850’s by Major Gordon. An adobe station house was located on the south bank of Kern River, just a few yards to the west of this marker. It was also a station on the Butterfield Overland mail stage route from 1858 to 1860. — Map (db m25149) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Havilah Courier|
Newspapers brought news of wars, politics, local happenings and other important information to the residents of Kern County.
This exhibit displays artifacts reminiscent of Kern County’s first newspaper office, the Weekly Courier. George Tiffany first published the Weekly Courier beginning on August 18, 1866 in the county seat of Havilah.
The remnants of the mining boom town, Havilah, is located in the Sierra Nevada Mountains between the Kern River Valley and Walker Basin . . . — Map (db m26087) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — 732 — Home of Elisha Stevens|
|Near this spot stood the last home of Elisha Stevens, noted American pathfinder and scout. Born in Georgia April 5, 1804, he learned blacksmithing during his youth. Drifting west he became a trapper on the Upper Missouri for more than two decades. In 1844 he led the 50-member Murphy-Townsend wagon train safely from Council Bluffs to Sutter’s Fort. During the Mexican War he served as an ordnance mechanic under Commodore Stockton. For a time he lived in Santa Clara County, then settled here on a . . . — Map (db m50252) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Hospital|
| Only the most impoverished people sought treatment at a hospital.
The first county hospital in Bakersfield opened its doors to the public in January 1875. The hospital was constructed at 13th and G Streets for $1,400.00. It was a plain one-story frame building with the “most primitive facilities for the treatment of patients.”
During the late 1800s, the right to feed, nurse, and even bury patients was awarded to the lowest bidder. As a result, care was often . . . — Map (db m27061) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Hotel Fellows|
The discovery of oil on the west side of Kern County in the late 1800s brought an influx of people to the area and created oil boom towns such as Fellows, Reward, and Taft.
In 1910, L. R. Buchanan built the Hotel Fellows for Martha Derminghem Buress in the once thriving town of Fellows. Martha, an immigrant from France, provided room and board for oil field workers and their families. Martha married Joe Randall in 1913. An industrious businesswoman, she was affectionately known as . . . — Map (db m25992) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Howell House|
| In 1891, William Howell hired local carpenter John Singleton to construct this Queen Anne style Victorian home on the northeast corner of 17th and H Streets in Bakersfield.
William Howell moved with his parents and sisters from Nebraska to Kern County in 1877. William became a court reporter for the Kern County Superior Court after his father died of pneumonia. William later became the County Auditor and a successful businessman.
William married Elizabeth Dugan, the daughter . . . — Map (db m25034) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — 14 — Jewett Family – Kern County Pioneers|
|This area was originally a portion of the Jewett Brothers’ Ranches. In 1859 Solomon and Philo Jewett walked 2000 miles to present day Kern County. They built the first store in Bakersfield in 1865 and the same year raised the first commercial cotton in Kern. In 1874 they organized the Kern Valley Bank in Bakersfield, first in the county. They were also leaders in raising Blooded Merino Sheep, in producing the first oil well in Kern and in construction of Sunset Railroad to Westside oil fields. . . . — Map (db m24989) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Joss House|
| The Chinese community was an early and significant element of the population of Kern County.
Chinese immigrants contributed to the social, economic and industrial growth of Kern County by mining, farming, building railroads, and owning businesses. The first Chinese immigrants to Kern County came to work in the mines around Keyesville.
A small building was constructed in the 1870s in Bakersfield to serve the religious needs of the Chinese residents of the area. Such a Chinese . . . — Map (db m25318) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Kern City French Bakery|
| East Bakersfield, originally named Sumner, was founded by the Southern Pacific Railroad in 1874. The name of the town was changed to Kern in 1893 and shortly thereafter was called Kern City.
This building, constructed in 1910, was originally the Kern City French Bakery. The bakery was located at 717 East 21st Street in Kern.
Around 1920, the Kern City French Bakery produced over 1,000 loaves of bread and rolls daily. Most of the bread was delivered to homes and hotels with a . . . — Map (db m25063) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Kern County Chamber of Commerce|
| The Kern County Chamber of Commerce building was completed in 1928, Chester Avenue was part of State Highway 99, the main north-south route through California.
Architect Charles H. Biggar designed this Spanish-style building on land adjacent to the Kern County Fair Grounds. Inside this building, visitors were treated to exhibits of Kern County’s produce and products.
Soon after the building opened, a letter to the editor suggested historical materials be collected at the Chamber. . . . — Map (db m25008) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Kern County Fair Exhibit Building|
|Over the years, county fairs have provided a venue for farmers and their families to showcase crops, livestock, arts, and crafts and learn about the latest agricultural techniques.
The land presently occupied by the museum was once the Kern County Fair Grounds. This building was used as a community exhibits building to display locally grown crops. The Kern County Fair moved from this site to its current location in southeast Bakersfield in 1952.
Prior to becoming the fair . . . — Map (db m51873) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Kern County Hospital|
|In 1875 a one story wooden building was erected here facing G Street in a swampy area. Facilities were primitive. Cost of the structure was $1,400. — Map (db m83295) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Kern County Korean War Memorial|
The Forgotten War
June 25, 1950 – July 27, 1953
33,741 – Americans Killed in Action
2,835 – Non-Hostile Deaths
103,283 – Americans Wounded
Kern County Killed in Action
Adams, Robert W. ∙ Blackmon, Thomas W. Jr. . . . — Map (db m25041) WM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Kern County Land Company Building|
|In 1894, four years after the formation of the Kern County Land Company, the firm built an office building that demonstrated its "Faith in the Future" of Bakersfield. The structure with outside walls of cream colored pressed brick, trimmed with gray sandstone and granite, was designed by architect Henry A. Schulze of San Francisco. By the 1950s the Kern County Land Company had outgrown the building and sold it in 1959. — Map (db m52573) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Kern County Veterans — "Grove of Honor"|
|In honor and memory of the brave men and
women who served in the Armed Forces of the
United States of America.
Let this "Grove of Honor" serve as a "Living
Memorial" honoring the service and sacrifice
of our Veterans. — Map (db m72640) WM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Kern County Vietnam War Memorial|
To The More Than 14,000
Men and Women
From Kern County
Who Served In Vietnam…
And To Those Who Gave
The Ultimate Sacrifice…
You Are Not Forgotten
Wind Beneath My Wings
Clayton A. Fannin
Larry S. Pierce ∙ Harry E. Thomas M.I.A. ∙ Edward Jourjon-Roche ∙ Paul E. Rytter
Ernesto Dominguez ∙ Larry J. Cox ∙ Lantham O. Broyles ∙ Michael T. Faust ∙ Billy G. Fry ∙ Ronald J. Kinkeade . . . — Map (db m25130) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Kern River Flour Mills|
|In 1871 Horatio P. Livermore and William Muehe built the Kern River Flour Mills on the Kern Island Canal. Muehe sold his interest to Fordyce Roper in 1874 and Livermore to James B. Haggin in 1879, who also acquired Roper's interest in 1884. The business became a corporate holding of the Kern County Land Company in 1890, flour production continued until 1923, and grain was processed and stored until a destructive earthquake in 1952. — Map (db m53243) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — 588 — Kern River Slough|
Just south of this point stood the Butterfield Overland Stage site known as Kern River Slough. Operating through present Kern County during 1858 – 1861. This famous line ran from St. Louis, Missouri to San Francisco until the outbreak of the Civil War.
Dedicated June 30, 1957
Marker placed by
Kern County Historical Society
El Tejon Parlor No. 239 N.D.G.W.
Kern County Museum
State Registered Historical Landmark No. 588
Re-dedicated Oct. 6, 1996 — Map (db m24946) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Kern Valley Bank|
| The Kern Valley Bank, established on February 24, 1874, was the first bank incorporated in Kern County.
Established soon after the economic depression known as the Panic of 1873, the Kern Valley Bank managed to weather the nationwide economic turmoil and survive for 37 years - an admirable record for a small community bank.
Solomon Jewett cofounded the bank, which opened on the corner of 18th Street and Chester Avenue in downtown Bakersfield. Jewett served as the president of . . . — Map (db m25978) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Lόpez-Hill House|
| José and Mary Lόpez belonged to the first generation of Americans born in California after statehood was granted on September 9, 1850.
José Lόpez came to Kern County to raise sheep in 1873. The following year Edward Beale, owner of the Tejon Ranch, hired José to manage the sheep on his ranch. In 1885, Lόpez became the manager of the Tejon Ranch overseeing ranch operations for the next twenty-four years.
Mary Winter came to Kern County with her Scottish . . . — Map (db m25013) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — 690 — Last Home of Alexis Godey|
|Near this site stood the home of Alexis Godey, frontiersman and scout, who lived here from 1883 until his death on January 19, 1889. Born in St. Louis, Missouri in 1818, he acted as guide for John C. Frémont's expedition through the Kern area in 1843-44, and was honored for his services at the Battle of San Pasqual in 1846. Moving here in 1883, Godey died January 19, 1889. — Map (db m51676) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Livermore and Chester Store|
|Site of Livermore and Chester Store, first business establishment in Bakersfield, an adobe structure built in 1865. Purchased by H. H. Fish in 1886. Destroyed in the fire of 1889. Rebuilt in 1890. — Map (db m55119) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Metcalf House|
| Thomas Metcalf built this charming Eastlake-style Victorian house on the southwest corner of Dracena and C Streets near downtown Bakersfield in 1885.
Thomas Metcalf, born in St. Clairsville, Ohio, enlisted to fight for the Union Army as a private during the Civil War. In 1867, two years after the war ended, he married Elizabeth Wible. Thomas and Elizabeth had two children, Simon and Modena (Maude). The Metcalf family came to Kern County in 1883. They initially settled on a ranch . . . — Map (db m25983) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Miller and Lux Survey Office|
| Large scale farming and ranching was needed to supply the restaurants and grocery stores in fast-growing cities like San Francisco and Los Angeles in the late 1800s.
Henry Miller and Charles Lux purchased large areas of land throughout the western states to control the supply of cattle for their San Francisco butchering operation. By the late 1880s, Miller & Lux had acquired more than one million acres in California, Nevada, and Oregon. Most of their land was located in the San . . . — Map (db m25309) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Norris School|
| One-room school houses dotted the rural Western landscape to serve sparse populations before the automobile made transportation to towns faster and easier.
This one-room school was built in 1882 north of the town of Rosedale on land donated by local farmer Robert T. Norris. Cora Petty was the first teacher employed to educate students ranging from the first to eighth grade.
A new, larger school was built for students residing in the growing Norris district, and in 1914 this . . . — Map (db m25075) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — 1 — Pablo Galtes - Union Cemetery — Historical Marker #1|
|Pablo Galtes facilitated the establishment of the Catholic community of Bakersfield in the early 1870's. The first Mass celebrated in Bakersfield was said in the back of Pablo's store located on 19th Street near Chester Avenue. (Eleven family members are buried in the crypt).
To the north are the Howell Family plots. The Howell's were highly active in the building of St. Francis Church, giving great help to Mercy Hospital. On August 7, 1952, William Howell was awarded the Papal Knighthood . . . — Map (db m52546) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Photographer’s Studio|
| The invention of photography and mass production of photographic prints brought images of never before seen people, places and events into American homes.
By the 1850s, people could obtain a photograph depicting their exact likeness at an affordable price. Traveling photographers earned money moving from town to town setting up portable studios to take portrait photographs of residents.
This exhibit displays artifacts utilized in a photographer’s studio during the 1890s. . . . — Map (db m25115) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Pinkney House|
| During their childhood, William Pinkney and Amanda Boydston took part in a migration of Americans heading west to seek land, gold and other opportunities in the western states shortly after the end of the Civil War.
In 1898, William married Amanda, a widow with two young daughters. Two years later, the young couple bought this house, which was originally located at 812 H Street.
William, born in South Carolina, came to Bakersfield in 1884 with his parents to pick cotton on a . . . — Map (db m25114) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — 539 — Posey Station of Butterfield Overland Mail Lines|
|Two and one-half miles east of this point stood the Posey Station on the Butterfield Overland Stage route that ran from St. Louis, Missouri through present-day Kern County to San Francisco during 1858-61, until the outbreak of the Civil War. — Map (db m25444) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Railroad Scale House and Telephone Booth|
| Railroad yards are highly specialized facilities consisting of engine maintenance buildings, fueling areas, track and switching areas and material storage yards.
This scale house was used in the Santa Fe Railroad switchyard in Bakersfield. A scale located adjacent to the building weighed train cars to determine the amount of freight and total weight of a train. Railroads charged a fee to haul freight based on weight. Knowing the total weight of a train was necessary to ensure a . . . — Map (db m25636) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — 278 — Rio de San Felipe — California Historical Landmark|
|One mile north of here on May 1, 1776, Francisco Garces of the Franciscan Order, crossed Kern River in his search for a shorter route from Sonora, Mexico to Monterey, California. He was the first known explorer to describe this river, which he named Rio de San Felipe.
May 1, 1938
Bakersfield Parlor No.42 N.S.G.W., El Tejon Parlor No.239 N.D.G.W., Kern County Historical Society, Kern County Chamber of Commerce
Department of Natural Resources Reg. No.278
State of . . . — Map (db m24984) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Saint John's Episcopal Mission|
| People living in small towns built churches to provide services within walking distance from their homes.
Saint John’s Episcopal Mission opened to parishioners in Rosedale in 1892. In the early days, a pastor from Saint Paul’s Episcopal Church in Bakersfield rode on horseback to conduct services in this rural church. Eventually, the automobile made the trip to Bakersfield more practical, and in 1920 the church closed.
The original clear glass windows in the church were removed . . . — Map (db m25457) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Santa Fe Caboose #1323|
The caboose was an office, a lookout, and a home away from home for a train crew.
In the days before automatic air brakes, the engineer signaled the caboose with his whistle when he wanted to slow down or stop. A brakeman would then climb out of the caboose and make his way forward, twisting the brake wheels atop the cars with a stout club. Another brakeman riding in the engine would work his way toward the rear. Once the train stopped, the flagman would walk back to a safe . . . — Map (db m25598) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Sheepherder's Cabin|
| Spanish missionaries brought the first domesticated sheep to California. During the Gold Rush, sheep provided food and textiles to people seeking their fortune in California.
In 1906, Thomas Quinn built this cabin to provide housing for shepherds tending flocks of sheep on the Quinn Ranch. Named for his father, Harry, the Quinn Ranch once spanned 20,000 acres of grassland with 10,000 sheep roaming Kern’s foothills northeast of Delano.
Designed to be pulled by horses, this . . . — Map (db m25081) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Sonora Service Station|
| The popularity of the automobile created an increasing demand for petroleum products, like gasoline, in the early 1900s.
Americans were suddenly able to travel to new destinations faster and easier than ever before, thus requiring new services along the way.
In 1936, this gas station was built on the corner of East 18th and Sonora Streets in Bakersfield. Gasoline cost around 15 cents a gallon when this service station first opened for business.
Hans and Virginia Nielsen . . . — Map (db m25187) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Southern Pacific Engine #2914|
This locomotive, among the largest and most powerful on the Southern Pacific Railroad system, supported the growth and development of the San Joaquin Valley and the West.
Engine #2914, called a 4-8-0 because of its wheel configuration, is characteristic of the type of locomotive used in freight service by railroads in the early 1900s. Built by the Schenectady Locomotive Works, 4-8-0 locomotives pulled well for their size, yet were easy to operate.
As the years passed they . . . — Map (db m25600) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Southern Pacific Railroad Jail|
| Approximately 3,000 men labored on railroad construction up and over the Tehachapi Mountains in the 1870s.
It took over three years for the line to be completed through Kern County. As the railroad slowly progressed through the county, settlements sprang up along the track to supply the hungry and thirsty railroad workers. In the fall of 1875, Caliente, a rowdy temporary railhead, was described as “infested with a numerous horde of thieves and robbers, comprising the worst . . . — Map (db m25606) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Standard End Pumping Unit|
|This standard end pumping unit was salvaged and erected by the Production Department, Chevron U.S.A., Inc., La Habra to commemorate the 100th anniversary of Standard Oil Company of California
The unit is composed of original parts from the San Joaquin Valley and the Los Angeles Basin. It is one of the few remaining handmade solid redwood units used during the early 1920’s. — Map (db m26118) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Standard Oil Company Building|
|Constructed in 1917 by Henry Jastro, this building is listed on both The National Register of Historic Buildings and the The Register of Historic Places by the Bakersfield City Council. It originally housed the executive offices of Standard Oil Company of California. In 1990 it suffered a major fire and was completely refurbished by Macsoft, Inc. — Map (db m55124) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Standard School|
|The discovery of oil near the Kern River in 1899 brought people to the area, creating a boomtown such as Oil Center, Oil City and Oildale.
The Standard School District was formed in 1909. Standard Oil Company donated five acres of land for a new school near Oil Center.
This schoolhouse designed by architect Orville L. Clark in 1911 was originally located on Oil Center Road. The building was moved to a new school site on North Chester Avenue in 1918.
Over the years, this . . . — Map (db m51874) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — The Barn|
This barn, used to feed and harness teams of horses, was originally located at 1606 “R” Street in Bakersfield.
Four horses could be fed and harnessed inside this barn. Chopped hay, stored in the barn’s loft, was lowered through a door into a trough located along the wall. Horses were fitted with a leather harness and bridle while they ate. Once harnessed, the horses were hitched to a buggy or wagon to transport people or goods.
The slatted structure adjacent to . . . — Map (db m25642) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Undertaker's Office|
Life in the mid 1800s was difficult. The average age of death in the United States of America was around 40 years old. Disease, accidents and hard work took its toll on people lives.
This exhibit displays artifacts, dating from the 1890s to the 1920s, utilized in an undertaker’s office to prepare a body for burial.
This building, constructed at Kern River Park, now known as Hart Memorial Park, housed park employees and visitors. The Kern County Board of Supervisors purchased the land for the park in 1921. — Map (db m26141) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Weill House|
Built on the southeast corner of 17th and H Streets in Bakersfield in 1882, Alphonse and Henrietta Weill’s house was considered “modern” for its day because of the high ceilings, long hallway, and indoor plumbing.
In 1870, Alphonse Weill migrated from France to Kern County. He originally settled in the mining town of Havilah to pursue a career as a merchant. Two years later, Alphonse moved to Bakersfield and later opened his own general merchandise store. Alphonse was . . . — Map (db m25395) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Weill's Department Store — "Pioneers of the Past - Builders of the Furture"|
|Alphonse Weill came from France to Havilah in 1870 and moved to Bakersfield in 1872, was employed by merchant Jacob Weil (No Relation), and became his partner in 1873. Subsequently Weill acquired the business and named it Weill's Department Store. A brick building replaced the wood structure in 1887 and was rebuilt after the fire in 1889. Weill died in 1946 and the firm was sold in 1952, but continued to operate as Weill's until 1963. — Map (db m55123) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Weller House|
In the decades after the end of the Civil War, an unstable economy created economic and social turmoil in the United States. People looking for opportunity migrated to the West.
The Kern County Land Company founded the Rosedale Colony in 1890. After building the Calloway Canal through the area, the company recruited settlers from the eastern United States and Europe.
In 1898, William and Irena Weller migrated from Michigan to Kern County with their children, Amos and Alma, . . . — Map (db m25678) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Wells, Fargo & Company Express Office|
The discovery of gold in California in 1849 started one of the greatest migrations in American history.
After moving west to seek their fortune in California, people living in mining camps had to travel long distances to a large city to send or receive mail and go to a bank. Sometimes the road to town was treacherous with robbers trying to steal gold from traveling miners.
Henry Wells and William Fargo founded a banking and express company in 1852 to provide services closer . . . — Map (db m25143) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bodfish — Silver City Ghost Town|
|In 1855 gold was discovered in the Kern Valley. Miners flocked here from throughout the world to get in on what was believed to be California's second great gold rush. Towns sprung up in the area but many were abandoned within a few years when the gold ran out. In the 1970's the Dave Mills family saved historical structures from the deteriorating mining camps and moved them to this site (behind the structures you see here). Around 1973 the Mills closed the ghost town. The J. Paul Corlew family . . . — Map (db m51825) HM|
|California (Kern County), Bodfish — USS Arizona|
|She was one of the mightiest battleships of her time, measuring 608 feet in length and 97 feet at the widest point in her beam. She carried twelve 14 inch guns in four turrets and 22.5 inch .51 caliber guns. Her displacement was 31,400 tons with a mean draft of 29 feet.
Arizona served the Atlantic Fleet during WWI and joined the Pacific Fleet in 1921. She was the flagship of Battleship Division one, participating in many maneuvers, and fleet problems designed to be used in the event of . . . — Map (db m75886) WM|
|California (Kern County), Boron — Twenty Mule Team|
|This is one of the original twenty mule team wagons, built to carry borax out of Death Valley – through 165 miles of desolated mountains and blistering deserts – to the nearest railroad junction in Mojave. It took 20 days to make the round trip and deliver 20 tons of borax. The teams worked steadily from 1883 to 1888. — Map (db m50450) HM|
|California (Kern County), Buttonwillow — 492 — Buttonwillow Tree — California Historical Landmark|
|A lone tree landmark on an old trans-valley trail. It was an ancient Yokuts Indian meeting place, later a location for white stock rodeos. Miller and Lux established their headquarters and store here about 1885. The town of Buttonwillow takes its name from this old tree and rodeo grounds. — Map (db m50251) HM|
|California (Kern County), Caliente — 741 — Bealeville|
|Named for Edward F. Beale this station on the Southern Pacific rail line was established in 1876 as a depot and telegraph office. Service was discontinued in 1943. Beale was Superintendent of California Indian Affairs during the 1850’s. In 1865 he became owner of the adjacent Ranch El Tejon — Map (db m50253) HM|
|California (Kern County), Caliente — 757 — Caliente|
|Originally known as Allen's Camp after Gabriel Allen, who in the 1870s had a cabin and stock pasture near here, the settlement was named Caliente when railroad construction reached this point in April 1875. The town became a railroad terminal for about 16 months while a force of up to three thousand men, most of them Chinese, labored on the heavy railroad construction on the mountain. — Map (db m11935) HM|
|California (Kern County), California City — 129 — The Randsburg - Mojave Road|
|The Randsburg Mojave Road was built by Rice & Shippee of Mojave to speed stage transportation from the Southern Pacific railroad station at Mojave, to the rich gold mines in the Randsburg area; service commenced on November 22, 1898. The stage left Mojave at 9 o’clock and arrived at Randsburg at 2 o’clock, just five hours after leaving Mojave. This new route was only 36 miles, versus the 54-mile (and eight hour) route through Garlock. The cost of a one-way ticket was three dollars.
The . . . — Map (db m78529) HM|
|California (Kern County), Cantil — 476 — Desert Spring|
|This spring was on the old Indian Horsethief Trail and later (1834) Joe Walker Trail. The famished Manly-Jayhawk Death Valley parties (1849-50) were revived here after coming from Indian Wells through Last Chance Canyon. The was also a station on the Nadeau Borax freight road. — Map (db m50247) HM|
|California (Kern County), Cantil — Florence "Pancho" Barnes|
|Florence Leontine Lowe was born July 29, 1901 in Pasadena. Through an arranged marriage in 1921, she became the wife of a minister, Rankin Barnes. She ended her relationship with him a few years after bearing a son, Billy.
Florence acquired the nickname "Pancho" on a trip to Mexico in 1927 and returned to purchase her first airplane after her solo flight in 1928. She began performing stunts in airshows and movies. Soon she was winning races and toppling speed records. Pancho formed the . . . — Map (db m51666) HM|
|California (Kern County), Delano — The Forty Acres|
|Has been designated a
National Historic Landmark.
This property possesses national significance
in commemorating the history of the
United States of America.
Forty Acres embodies and conveys multiple layers of national significance associated with César Chávez. The Farm Worker Movement that thrived under his leadership, and a wider range of civil rights and social reform movements that helped define Twentieth Century American history. — Map (db m54836) HM|
|California (Kern County), Edison — 660 — Point On The Jedediah Smith Trail|
|About February 1, 1827, Jedediah Strong Smith, first American to reach Mexican California overland, passed near this spot with his party of fur trappers. From San Gabriel Mission, the group was en route north to a land reported teeming with 'plenty of beaver.' Smith and his men were trailblazers whose exploits soon led to the American conquest of California.
— Map (db m51855) HM|
|California (Kern County), Edwards — Bell XP-59A Jet Aircraft|
|On Oct. 2, 1942, a Bell XP-59A Aircraft powered by Twin General Electric Type 1-A Engines introduced Jet Flight to America. This new age began here at Edwards Air Force Base as the XP-59A lifted from Rogers Dry Lake with Bell Test Pilot Robert M. Stanley at the controls. Later the same day, Col.L.C. Craigie became the first American military pilot to the fly the aircraft.
This Memorial is Dedicated
To all those who contributed to these first flights and is presented in conjunction . . . — Map (db m53125) HM|
|California (Kern County), Edwards — First Flight to Break the Sound Barrier — X-1 Loading Pit|
|The Bell X-1 was loaded into its B-29 Launch Aircraft from this Pit on
October 14, 1947
Captain Charles E. "Chuck" Yeager
Piloted the Airplane to Mach 1.06 (700 mph) — Map (db m52545) HM|
|California (Kern County), Edwards — Jackie Cochran — "F-104 Starfighter Record Setter"|
|During her extraordinary 40-year flying career, aviation pioneer Jacqueline "Jackie" Cochran established more speed, altitude and distance records than any other pilot, male or female, in aviation history. While flying a USAF F-88A Sabre here at Edwards, she became the first woman to exceed the speed of sound in May 1953.
Upon her return to Edwards in 1961, she set eight major world records in a T-38 Talon, including a top speed of 844.2 mph over a 15 km course on 24 August and a peak . . . — Map (db m53124) HM|
|California (Kern County), Edwards — Sound Barrier Cracked|
|On October 14, 1947 42,000 feet above this
monument, Captain Chuck Yeager, USAF, piloting a Bell X-1 rocket airplane named Glamour Glennis, became the first person to exceed Mach 1. With this flight, the era of supersonic aviation was born.
This monument honors that flight, the aircraft, a loyal ground crew, and its valiant pilot. — Map (db m52625) HM|
|California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — Boeing B-52D - “Stratofortress”|
|The first prototye B-52 took to the air on 15 April 1952. Nearly 750 B-52’s were eventually built, of which 170 were –Ds. Records set by B-52s included the world’s first non-stop round-the-world flight by a jet aircraft and the first hydrogen bomb drop. B-52s began flying combat missions in Southeast Asia (SEA) in June 1965. By August 1973, they had flown 126,615 combat sorties with 17 B-52s lost to enemy action.
The aircraft on display flew combat missions in SEA while assigned to . . . — Map (db m64590) HM|
|California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — CT-39A - "Sabreliner" — North American|
|Originally developed as a private venture to meet a USAF requirement for a twin jet utility trainer, the prototype T-39 made its first flight on 16 September 1958. In all, 143 T-39A’s and six T-39B’s were built for the USAF. Another 62 T-39’s were produced for the Navy. Sabreliners began flight testing at Edwards in 1959 and, as of 2020, still operate here fulfilling a variety of test support roles. A commercial Sabreliner Model 40 version of the aircraft has been very successful.
The . . . — Map (db m64619) HM|
|California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — F-101B • “Voodoo” — McDonnell|
|Originally developed from the McDonnell XF-88 penetration fighter, the F-101 was designed as a long-range bomber escort for the Strategic Air Command. The prototype made its first flight at Edwards AFB in September 1954. When high-speed, high-altitude jet bombers such as the B-52 entered active service, escort fighters were not needed. Therefore, before production began, the F-101’s design was changed to fill both tactical and air defense roles. First flown on 27 Mar 57, 480 of the two-seat, . . . — Map (db m62135) HM|
|California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — F-104A • “Starfighter” — Lockheed|
|The first XF-104 made its initial flight here at Edwards AFB in February 1954. In May 1958, a YF-104A set a world speed record of 1,404.19 mph over Edwards, and in December 1959, an F-104C set a world altitude record of 103, 395 feet here. The Starfighter was the first aircraft to hold simultaneous official world records for speed, altitude and time-to-climb, most of which were established at Edwards AFB. The USAF procured about 300 Starfighters in one-and two-seat versions and another 1700 . . . — Map (db m62133) HM|
|California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — F-105D • “Thunderchief” — Republic|
|The YF-105 completed its maiden flight at Edwards AFB in October 1955, easily exceeding Mach One, even though it was powered by a J57 engine - much less powerful than its projected power plant, the J75. The D-model “Thud” added water injection to the J75 engine, along with updated avionics, attack equipment, and improved refueling features. It first flew in June 1959. A total of 833 Thunderchiefs of all types were built, including 610 F-105Ds. All models of the F-105 were flight . . . — Map (db m62132) HM|
|California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — F-106B • “Delta Dart” — Convair|
|The F-106 Delta Dart had a long and illustrious career at Edwards AFB. The prototype A-model made its first flight here on 26 Dec 56. On 15 Dec 59, Col Joe Rogers piloted as F-106 A to a world speed record of 1,525.695 mph (Mach 2.41) here. In Apr 58, the first two-seat F-106B completed its maiden flight here and later served as an ejection seat test vehicle at the AFFTC’s 6511th Test Group at El Centro NAS, Ca. During the 1960s, F-106s were stationed at Edwards as a detachment of the 329th . . . — Map (db m62130) HM|
|California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — F-111A - "Aardvark" — General Dynamics|
|The F-111A was the world’s first production variable-sweep wing fighter. It completed its maiden flight on 21 December 1964, at Carswell AFB, Texas. The aircraft could exceed twice the speed of sound (Mach 2) by sweeping its wings rearward while in flight. The wings were swept forward for takeoffs, landing, or slow speed flight. Flight test programs were carried out at Edwards AFB on nearly every model of the F-111 series almost continuously from 1965 to 1990.
The aircraft on display was . . . — Map (db m64615) HM|
|California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — F-16B — "Fighting Falcon"|
|When first flown at Edwards AFB on January 20, 1974, the YF-16 was the most advance fighter in the world. The F-16B is a combat-capable two-seat version of the production F-16A. To date, over 4,000 F-16s have been manufactured worldwide and 122 B models were delivered to the USAF. Just under 200 F-16Bs are in service with foreign countries, many of them build on foreign assembly lines.
This particular airplane was flown extensively in the test support role while assigned to the Test Wing. . . . — Map (db m63609) HM|
|California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — F-84F - "Thunderstreak" — Republic|
|The Republic YF-84F prototype (a modified F-84E straight-wing officially designated YF-96A) completed its hour-long first flight at Edwards in June 1950. The first flight of the revised F-model prototype, with its distinctly deeper fuselage profile, took place at Edwards in February 1951. More than 2700 Thunderstreaks were produced, 237 of them under license by General Motors (including this aircraft) at their St. Louis Buick factory. This F-84 was rescued from a back yard in the Midwest-after . . . — Map (db m64620) HM|
|California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — F-86F — "Sabre"|
|The F-86, the Nation’s first swept-wing jet fighter, made its initial flight at what is now Edwards AFB on October 1, 1947. The first production model flew on May 20, 1948 and on September 15, 1948 an F-86A streaked to a world-record 670.9 mph.
The Sabre saw combat in Korea in three successive series (F-86A, E, and F) to counter the Russian-built MiG-15. By the end of hostilites, Air Force fighter pilots flying their Sabres into “MiG Alley” had shot down 792 MiGs at a loss of . . . — Map (db m63607) HM|
|California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — HL-10 — Lifting Body|
|Flown 37 times by Nasa's Flight Research Center,
Edwards Air Force Base, California
First Flight December 22, 1966
Final Flight July 17,1970
Maxium Speed and Altitude Records for
Lifting Bodies Held By The HL-10:
Mach 1.86 (1228 M.P.H.) and 90,300 Feet
Bruce A. Peterson • John A. Manke • Peter C. Hoag
• Jerauld R. Gentry • William H. Dana
The HL-10 was part of a program that investigated blunt-shaped vehicles, called lifting bodies, which led to the selection . . . — Map (db m64025) HM|
|California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — Leaps in Technology|
|The United States Air Force has always relied upon the application of leading-edge technologies to fulfill its mission of airpower projection. From the XP-59 of 1942 to the B-2, C-17, and F-22 of today, the Flight Test Center has been essential to the USAF strategy of developing and deploying the worlds’ most advanced and effective military aircraft. The F-86 and F-16 (displayed here) represent stellar milestones in this technological continuum and share many similarities. Both were . . . — Map (db m63608) HM|
|California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — N.F.-11 (T.T.-20) - “Meteor” — Gloster Aircraft|
|The Meteor was Britain’s first operational jet aircraft and the only operational Allied jet to see service in World War II. The prototype, designated G.41, completed its first flight in March 1943 under the power of two de Havilland H-1 turbojets. The United States evaluated the Meteor at Edwards AFB (then Muroc AAFB) after WWII. The N.F.11 was a two-seat night-fighter version of the Meteor with upgraded Rolls-Royce Derwent engines and a lengthened nose to house a larger radar. Developed under . . . — Map (db m64595) HM|
|California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — NF-4C - "Phantom II" — McDonnell|
|The Phantom II, first flown in May 1958, was developed as a fleet defense interceptor for the U.S. Navy. After entering Navy service in 1961, the USAF evaluated it at Edwards AFB to fill a fighter-bomber requirement. In 1963 production F-4Cs began operational service. It could carry twice the normal bomb load of a B-17 from World War II.
Phantoms have also served with the U.S. Marine Corps and many foreign nations such as Great Britain, Germany, Japan, and Israel. Over 5,000 had been built . . . — Map (db m64623) HM|
|California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — PGM-17A • "Thor" — Douglas Aircraft|
|Thor was the free world’s first operational intermediate range ballistic missile (IRBM). It was 65 feet long, 8 feet in diameter and weighed 105,000 pounds. Douglas Aircraft was the prime contractor. The missile utilized a single stage North American Rocketdyne LR-79 liquid oxygen rocket motor, which provided 150,000 lbs of static thrust. This gave the Thor of range of 2,000 miles. Development of the system was rapid. Thor’s first successful launch was made on 20 Sep 57 and it entered active . . . — Map (db m64589) HM|
|California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — T-28B - "Trojan" — North American|
|The T-28B was originally developed as a U.S. Navy basic trainer and completed its maiden flight on 6 April 1953. Nearly 500 were built. Early models of the Trojan were tested at Edwards beginning shortly after the plane’s first flight in 1949. A later version – the YAT-28-powered by a turbo-prop engine, was tested at Edwards in the early 1960s. In 1966, the U.S. Army brought four T-28B’s to Edwards AFB to serve as chase planes for the Lockheed AH-56 Cheyenne helicopter test program. . . . — Map (db m64596) HM|
|California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — T-33A “Shooting Star” — Lockheed|
|The two-seat T-33 was developed from the single-seat F-80 fighter by lengthening the fuselage slightly more than three feet to accommodate a second cockpit. It was originally designated TF-80C and made its first flight in March 1948. It quickly became the centerpiece of USAF flight training. Over 5000 “T-Birds” were manufactured by Lockheed with more than 1000 eventually transferred to foreign countries. It was also built under license in Canada and Japan. T-33s were flight tested . . . — Map (db m64593) HM|
|California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — TF-102A • “Delta Dagger” — Convair|
|The F-102 was developed from the Convair XF-92 delta wing research aircraft of the late 1940s and the prototype made its initial flight in October 1953 at Edwards AFB. It became operational with the Air Defense Command in 1956. At the peak of deployment in the late 1950s, F-102s equipped more than 25 ADC squadrons. Convair built 1,000 F-102s, 889 of which were F-102As. The USAF also bought 111 TF-102As as combat trainers with side-by-side seating. The TF-102A completed its maiden flight at . . . — Map (db m62134) HM|
|California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — The Medal of Honor — In Memory of United States Air Force — Medal of Honor Recipients|
| Main Plaque:
The medal of honor is the highest U.S. military decoration awarded to individuals who, while serving in the U.S. armed services, have distinguished themselves by conspicuous gallantry and courage at the risk of life, above and beyond the call of duty. Each decoration awarded represents an incontestable act of bravery or self-sacrifice involving obvious risk of life and, if the risk had not been taken, there would be no grounds for censure. The President of the United . . . — Map (db m62138) WM|
|California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — UC-45J - "Expeditor" — Beech|
|The Beech C-45 was the Army Air Force version of the Beech Aircraft Corporation’s Model B-18S commercial transport. The popular “Beech 18” also appeared as the AT-7 and AT-11 bombing and navigation trainers (Navy designation SNB-1/SNB-2), and the F-2 photo-reconnaissance type. More than 4,000 variants were built during World War II. In the early 1950’s, surviving C-45s were rebuilt by Beech and designated C-45G or C-45H.
The aircraft began life as a Navy SNB-2, was rebuilt as an . . . — Map (db m64592) HM|
|California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — YA-10B Prototype number 73-1664 — Fairchild Republic|
| Only two-seat A-10 made
Fairchild Republic Company’s two-place night/adverse weather A-10 began flight tests at Air Force Flight Test Center at Edwards AFB in May 1979. It was converted by Fairchild from one of six pre-production single place A-10s built in 1975. It was a two seat adverse-weather configuration. The pilot was assisted by a weapons officer in the back seat.
• Low Altitude navigation
• Accurate visual weapons delivery at night and in adverse weather
• . . . — Map (db m64624) HM|
|California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — YA-7D - "Corsair II" — Ling-Temco-Vought (LTV)|
|The Corsair II was designed to meet a 1963 Navy requirement for a light attack plane to replace the A-4. The Navy’s A-7A made its first flight in September 1965. Two months later, the Air Force settled on the A-7 as a low-cost way to provide specialized, close–air support to the Army. Over 450 A-7Ds were eventually delivered to the USAF. A-7Ds flew 12,928 sorties during the Vietnam War, including the last air strike into Cambodia. The last A-7Ds in combat were flown by Air National Guard . . . — Map (db m64614) HM|
|California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — YC-15 — McDonnell Douglas|
|Two built by McDonnell Douglas (now Boeing) as Advanced Medium STOL Transport (AMST) with Short Take Off and Landing ability.
First flight 26 Aug 1975, landing at Edwards AFB. Pioneered supercritical wing on large aircraft; advanced airlift state of the art; could carry outsized vehicles; lift 27,000-lb. payload from 2,000-ft. runway. Prototype adapted DC-10 cockpit, DC-8 nosewheel, C-141 main landing gear. Display is first aircraft, number 70-1875, later fitted with larger wing. Though not . . . — Map (db m62137) HM|
|California (Kern County), Edwards AFB — YF-100A “Super Sabre” — North American|
|The F-100 was the USAF’s first operational aircraft capable of flying faster than the speed of sound (760 mph) in level flight. The prototype YF-100A made its initial flight on 25 May 1953 and the first production aircraft was completed on October 1953. Several world records for speed were set by F-100s flying from Edwards AFB. In October 1953, the prototype set a world speed record of 755 mph at low altitude and in 1955 an F-100C set a high altitude world speed record of 822.135 mph. Designed . . . — Map (db m62136) HM|
|California (Kern County), Frazier Park — El Camino Viejo|
El Camino Viejo (The Old Highway) began as an inland trail prior to 1800. It was originally a refugee route running between present day San Pedro in Southern California to the East Oakland area in the north. It was used by Indians, trappers, packers, prospectors, and settlers. Cattle and horse herds were also driven over it. In later years it became a wagon road. — Map (db m52115) HM|
|California (Kern County), Glennville — 495 — Glennville Adobe|
Kern County’s oldest residence. Built before Civil War by Thomas Fitzgerald as trading post at junction of two Indian trails. Present Greenhorn Road follows east – west trail (later McFarlane Toll Road) to Kern River mining districts. Town named in 1857 after James Madison Glenn, an early settler.
State Registered Landmark No.495
Building and land donated to Kern County by
Mr. and Mrs. Hal Duval
Marker placed by California State Division of Beaches and Parks in cooperation . . . — Map (db m25032) HM|
|California (Kern County), Glennville — 672 — Lavers Crossing|
|In 1854 John C. Reid filed a squatter’s claim on this spot. This same year Kern County’s first school class was held here. In 1859 David Lavers, with his father and brother, John, built a hotel and stage barn on the Old Bull Road. The crossing was the principal community in Linn’s Valley until about 1870.
Dec. 13, 1959 — Map (db m25323) HM|
|California (Kern County), Glennville — Lynn’s Bull Road|
|William Lynn completed his Bull Road past this site from Linn’s Valley across Greenhorn Mountain to Keyesville in 1856. This freight route was used until the opening of the McFarlane Toll Road through Glennville en route to the Kern River Mines in 1864. — Map (db m25196) HM|
|California (Kern County), Grapevine — 300 — Rose Station|
|Wm. B. Rose, in 1875, a mile east; built an adobe stage station on the site of the Overland Mail Way Station established 1858. From 1853 to 1875 site was known as Rancho Canoa (trough). Originally vaquero camp of the Sebastian Indian Reservation. Rose Station was a stockmen's headquarters, post office, and polling place.
November 16, 1941
Bakersfield Parlor No.42, N.S.G.W.
El Tejon Parlor No.239, N.D.G.W.
Kern County Historical Society
Kern County Chamber of Commerce . . . — Map (db m20196) HM|
|California (Kern County), Grapevine — 133 — Sebastian Indian Reservation|
|The Sebastian or Tejon Indian Reservation (headquarters 10 miles east of here) was established in 1853 by Gen. Edward Fitzgerald Beale as one of several California Reservations. The number of Indians quartered here varied from 500 to 2000. General Beale acquired title to this area under Mexican Land Grant of 1843. In 1864 the U.S. Government transferred the Indians to other reservations.
Nov. 12, 1937
Bakersfield Parlor Number 42, N.S.G.W.
El Tajon Parlor Number 239, . . . — Map (db m20161) HM|
|California (Kern County), Havilah — First Catholic Church and Cemetery in Kern County|
|This is the site of the first Catholic Church St. Josephs and Cemetery built in Kern County in August 1866. It was established by Father Francis Dade, the circuit priest headquartered in Visalia. The Catholic Church here in Havilah was moved to Bakersfield in 1873 when the gold ran out. St. Francis Church was then built in Bakersfield in 1881 and is still a principle parish to this day. — Map (db m89215) HM|
|California (Kern County), Havilah — 100 — Havilah — California Historical Marker|
|Gold deposits at Havilah were discovered in 1864. Havilah was the county seat between 1866, when Kern County was organized, and 1872, when the government was moved to Bakersfield. Havilah was an active mining center for more than 20 years, and there are still some operating mines in this vicinity. — Map (db m51821) HM|
|California (Kern County), Havilah — Stage Robbery!|
|The last stage coach robbery in Kern County occurred near here on August 26, 1896. The Kernville stage to Caliente was held-up by a lone gunman on horseback who got $1,700 in coin and gold bullion from the Wells Fargo strong box. He did not molest the passengers, however, although the local citizens searched doggedley, the loot was never recovered nor the bandit ever apprehended, as a result of the stick up, the route was discontinued, thus ending an era. — Map (db m83415) HM|
|California (Kern County), Inyokern — "Siding 16" — 1909 - 2009|
|This Railroad Siding, established in 1909,
was the beginning of the town of
In celebration of its 100th anniversary,
it is with pride that the
Inyokern Chamber of Commerce
contributes this commemorative inscription. — Map (db m50242) HM|
|California (Kern County), Inyokern — 766 — Freeman Junction|
|In 1834 explorer Joseph R. Walker passed this junction of Indian trails after discovering nearby Walker Pass. Death Valley 49er parties here diverged west and south after their escape from Death Valley enroute to the California gold fields. Later this became a junction point where the bandit Tiburcio Vasquez preyed on stages and freighters traveling between the Kern River mines and Los Angeles and the mines of Bodie and the Panamints. — Map (db m50244) HM|
|California (Kern County), Inyokern — 457 — Indian Wells|
|Indian water hole on Joseph R. Walker trail of 1834 where Manly-Jayhawker parties of 1849 found their first water after five days of travel from Argus Range. During 1860's was site of stage and freight station from Los Angeles to Coso and Cerro Gordo mines. — Map (db m50243) HM|
|California (Kern County), Johannesburg — Major Michael Adams, USAF — The First In-Flight Fatality of the American Space Program|
|In memory of
Major Michael Adams, USAF,
The First In-Flight Fatality
of the American Space Program
On November 15, 1967 Adams conducted a sub-orbital space flight with the mission of performing six scientific experiments. This was the 191st overall flight, and the 9th space flight of the X-15 program. During ascent, Major Adams encountered problems that resulted in a loss of control during reentry. Major Adams and his X-15 crashed here in the Mojave Desert. . . . — Map (db m92271) HM|
|California (Kern County), Johannesburg — 18 — Red Mountain|
|One of the richest silver strikes occurred in the community of Red Mountain. The Kelly and Grady claims started a silver boom which brought prosperity to this region in the 1900's. In one 60 day period over $170,000 in silver was mined from a hole less than 75 feet deep. — Map (db m78593) HM|
|California (Kern County), Kernville — Bob Powers — June 7, 1924 – September 11, 2002|
|A fifth generation native of Kern River Valley, Bob is best remembered for the 9 history books he wrote. Without him much of what happened in our valley’s past would have been lost. He was a cowboy, cattleman, ranger, family man and historian. But most of all he was a man of honesty and integrity. As a director and curator for the museum, he gave a lifetime collection of artifacts for all to enjoy. Awarded for his writing, his wife, Marge, said he would be embarrassed with the attention. When . . . — Map (db m25238) HM|
|California (Kern County), Kernville — 132 — Kernville — California Historical Landmark|
|Kernville called Whiskey Flat until 1864, was founded in 1860 when Adam Hamilton, whiskey dealer, moved shop here from more temperate Quartzburg, founded earlier that year. Both camps resulted from the discovery of the Big Blue Ledge by “Lovely” Rogers while tracking a stray mule from the earlier camp of Keyesville.
April 18, 1937
This Monument Moved From
May 3, 1953
Kern River Chamber of . . . — Map (db m25169) HM|
|California (Kern County), Kernville — Kernville Veterans Memorial|
American Prisoners of War and Missing in Action
The Loneliest Prayer
As I squat here in this lonely place
A man maybe even you forgot,
Am I in living hell?
Am I alive or not?
I think its more than ten years now
since my last friend left this place.
I guess he’s back home -
whatever that is -
among the human race.
Forgive me, Lord,
if I seem untrue
to the values of my parents taught,
to my thoughts of you,
of family and country - . . . — Map (db m27367) HM|
|California (Kern County), Kernville — Roads End|
|In 1910 this was Camp 8 – the end of the road. From this uppermost camp a rough wagon track pushed one and one half miles up the river to where Southern California Edison Company constructed the intake for Kern River No. 3 Power Plant.
In 1922, Earl and Lucille Pascoe started Pascoe’s Pack Station. By 1927 it was a year round operation and by 1934 boasted the Roads End Store, a lodge and guest cottages. Earl built up his packing business to 150 head of horses and mules and 12 or 13 . . . — Map (db m83825) HM|
|California (Kern County), Lake Isabella — 742 — Campsite of Edward Kern|
|Near this spot at the confluence of the north and south forks of the Kern River the Theodore Talbot Party of Captain John C. Fremont’s third expedition to the West camped for several weeks during December 1845 and January 1846. The river was named by Fremont in honor of Edward M. Kern, Topographer for the expedition. Kern County was established in 1866 and derived its name from that of the river.
California Registered Historical Landmark No.742 — Map (db m25092) HM|
|California (Kern County), Lake Isabella — Old Isabella|
|Located to the northwest of here, Isabella, a ranching and mining town, was named by Steven Barton in 1893, after Queen Isabella of Spain, Patron of Christopher Columbus. A post office was established here in 1896. In 1953 the community was moved a short distance south to the present location. — Map (db m76872) HM|
|California (Kern County), Lebec — Camel Trail Terminus — Fort Tejon|
|Jefferson Davis, “Father of National Highways,” as Secretary of War 1853-57 sponsored the importation of 33 camels for transporting military supplies to the west coast. The camel trail survey ran from San Antonio, Texas to Fort Tejon which marks the western terminus, part of the Jefferson Davis Highway.
The army camel corps arrived at this fort in November, 1857, with Lt. Edward F. Beale in command.
United Daughters of the Confederacy
May 11, 1956 — Map (db m32823) HM|
|California (Kern County), Lebec — 283 — Don Pedro Fages|
|In 1772, Don Pedro Fages, leaving the first written record of explorations in the south San Joaquin Valley, passed this site, traveling from San Diego to San Luis Obispo via Cajón Pass, Mojave Desert, Hughes Lake, Antelope Valley, Tejón Pass, Cañada de los Uvas (Grapevine Canyon), and Buena Vista Lake.
October 9, 1938
Bakersfield Parlor No.42 N.S.G.W.
El Tejon Parlor No.39, N.D.G.W.
Kern County Historical Society
Kern County Chamber of Commerce
Department of . . . — Map (db m20132) HM|
|California (Kern County), Lebec — 129 — Fort Tejon|
|This military post was established by the United States Army on June 24, 1854, to suppress stock rustling and for the protection of Indians in the San Joaquin Valley. As regimental headquarters of the First Dragoons, Fort Tejón was an important military, social, and political center. Camels for transportation were introduced here in 1858. The fort was abandoned September 11, 1864. — Map (db m81718) HM|
|California (Kern County), Lebec — Lieutenant Edward Fitzgerald Beale|
|This memorial plaque placed in memory of
Lieutenant Edward Fitzgerald Beale
First Superintendent of Indian
Affairs in California appointed
by President Millard Fillmore
Sanctioned by the United States
government the Tejon Indian Reservation
was established in 1853 by Beale for
the welfare and protection of the
Indians in this part of California
Fort Tejon was established in 1854
Dedicated by The Historical Society of Southern California
June 13, 1953 — Map (db m32213) HM|
|California (Kern County), Lebec — Peter Lebec|
|Although little is known about Peter Lebec, it is believed that he was killed by a grizzly bear, and buried under this tree. His epitaph was originally carved into the tree. — Map (db m11092) HM|
|California (Kern County), Lebec — Peter Lebeck|
|Killed by a bear October 17, 1837.
In memory of a pioneer
of whom only conjecture can speak. — Map (db m83563) HM|
|California (Kern County), Lebec — The Camels of Fort Tejon|
|In 1856 the U.S. Army started an experiment using camel for supply transport in the southwest. The camels proved ill suited to the American southwest.
In November 1859 a civilian contractor turned over 28 camels to the Army at Fort Tejon.
The post quartermaster cared for the camel herd until 1861 when the herd was transferred to the Los Angeles Depot. With the possible exception of an unsuccessful messenger service in September 1860, the camels were never used in military operations. . . . — Map (db m32821) HM|
|California (Kern County), Lebec — The First and Only "Camel Brigade" of the United States Army|
|The first and only "Camel Brigade" of the United States Army commanded by Lt. Edward E. Beale 1857-1864. San Antonio, Texas to Fort Tejon, California. — Map (db m32820) HM|
|California (Kern County), Maricopa — 485 — Lakeview Gusher No.1 — California Historical Landmark|
|America's most spectacular gusher blew in here on March 14, 1910. Initially 18,000 barrels per day, the flow later reached an uncontrolled peak of 100,000 barrels per day, completely destroying the derrick. This Union Oil Company well produced nine million barrels of oil in 18 months.
— Map (db m54267) HM|
|California (Kern County), Maricopa — Maricopa's Jail|
|This original iron structure served as the City of Maricopa's Jail for 50 to 60 yrs. (From the teens to the 1960's) It primary functioned as a "Drunk Tank." — Map (db m54788) HM|
|California (Kern County), McKittick — Painted Rock|
|Rising above the Carrizo Plain is Painted Rock, an important cultural and spiritual site to California’s native peoples. Most of the pictographs, or painted images found on Painted Rock, are characteristic of the Chumash who lived on the Channel Islands, central coast and interior region of California. The painting style of the Yokuts from the San Joaquin Valley also suggest their use of Painted Rock. The Salinan people in the Cholame area are the nearest native people to the northwest of . . . — Map (db m52158) HM|
|California (Kern County), McKittrick — 504 — Buena Vista Refinery — California Historical Landmark|
|Eight miles due west of this marker stood one of California's first commercial oil refineries. Between August 1864 and April 1867, approximately 4,000 gallons of illuminating oil produced there was shipped to San Francisco by the Buena Vista Petroleum Company. Refining operations terminated due to excessive transportation rates. — Map (db m78295) HM|
|California (Kern County), McKittrick — 498 — McKittrick Brea Pit — California Historical Landmark|
|Located one-eigth mile west of here is ancient asphaltum seepage in which hundreds of Pleistocene (15,000 - 50,000 years ago) birds and animals were trapped. Site first explored in 1925 by the University of California, with excavation completed in 1949 by Los Angeles and Kern County Museums.
State Registered Historical Landmark No. 498
Marker placed by Kern County Historical Society, Miocene Parlor No. 228 N.D.G.W., El Tejon Parlor No. 238 N.D.G.W., and Kern County Museum. — Map (db m42707) HM|
|California (Kern County), Mettler — 291 — Fages-Zalvidea Trails — California Historical Landmark|
|In 1772, Don Pedro Fages, first recorded non-Indian to visit the southern San Joaquin Valley, crossed this spot on his way from San Diego to San Luis Obispo. Near this point crossed Father José María de Zalvidea in 1806, while accompanying the Ruiz expedition in search of mission sites. — Map (db m54266) HM|
|California (Kern County), Mettler — 540 — Sinks of the Tejon|
|Six miles east of this point was the site of the Butterfield Stage Line station Sinks of Tejón. Operating through present Kern County during 1858-61, this famous line ran from St. Louis, Missouri to San Francisco until the outbreak of the Civil War. — Map (db m51679) HM|
|California (Kern County), Mojave — Golden Queen Mine Cart|
|This display commemorates the Mojave area's rich mining history, which began with the discovery of gold on the Little Buttes north of the present day Silver Queen Road.
That discovery by W.W.Bowers was followed by many others in the region, including the Yellow Dog Mine in 1925 and the Silver Queen (Golden Queen) on Soledad Mountain in 1934.
Other mines followed, and in 2010 gold mining began again on Soledad Mountain by the Golden Queen Mining Company, Ltd.
Mojave also played an . . . — Map (db m53129) HM|
|California (Kern County), Mojave — 93 — Josephine Stephens Bishop|
|"Josie" was born on June 18, 1875 in Silver City, New Mexico to Harvey and Harriet Whitehall. At 19 years old, she taught school in Pinos Altos, New Mexico. She married Herbert Hall Bishop on March 4, 1896, bearing him seven children. The Bishops moved around the country for several years, finally separating in 1920. While living in Long Beach, Josie began her short acting career and mined this area for gold and silver. After acquiring numerous claims, Josie finally hit pay dirt in 1937 by . . . — Map (db m78560) HM|
|California (Kern County), Mojave — 652 — Mojave 20-Mule Team Borax Terminus|
|Just west of this point was the Southern Pacific terminus for the 20-mule-team borax wagons that operated between Death Valley and Mojave from 1884 to 1889. The route ran from the Harmony Borax Mining Company works, later acquired by the Pacific Coast Borax Company, to the railroad loading dock in Mojave over 165 miles of mountain and desert trail. A round trip required 20 days. The ore wagons, which hauled a payload of 24 tons, were designed by J. W. S. Perry, Borax Company superintendent in . . . — Map (db m11928) HM|
|California (Kern County), Mojave — Mojave Air & Spaceport|
|The Mojave Airport was created in 1935 as part of the Kern County Airport System. The fledgling airport was built to serve gold mines near Mojave. At the outset of World War Two, the airport became a Marine Corps Air Station that trained Marine Aviators in gunnery, producing the most productive aerial gunners in the Pacific War.
Following the war the airport was designed as a Naval Air Station that supported some of the first flight tests of what are now known as unmanned aerial vehicles. . . . — Map (db m53126) HM|
|California (Kern County), Mojave — Rotary Rocket Roton ATV — First Rocket Powered Vehicle to Fly At Mojave Spaceport — 1999 A.D.|
|Far better it is to dare mighty thinkigs...even through checkered by failure, than to rank with those timid spirits who neither enjoy nor suffer much because they live in the gray twilight that knows not victory nor defeat.
Chief Designer: Bevin McKinney
ATV Chief Engineer & Test Pilot: Marti Sarigul-Klijn
Director of Flight Test & Co-Pilot: Brian Binnie — Map (db m53128) HM|
|California (Kern County), Mojave — United States Marine Corps Air Station — Mojave California — 1942 - 1947 • 1951 - 1959|
| In dedication to the pilots, air crews and personnel of Mojave, who trained, served and gave their lives in the service of this country, especially to those who valiantly fought for freedom in the great battles of World War II and Korea.
Presented by East Kern Airport District
Mojave Chamber of Commerce
30 May 1996 — Map (db m53280) HM|
|California (Kern County), Mojave — Voyager Aircraft / SpaceShipOne Replica|
| Left Plaque:
The 1/5 scale flying model of Voyager was built by Glenn Dunlap of Cincinnati, Ohio, and donated to the Mojave Transportation Museum Foundation in 2009.
The original Voyager, designed by Burt Rutan and built at Mojave Airport, hangs in the National Air & Space Museum in Washington D.C.
Voyager and its crew of Dick Rutan and Jeana Yeager, took-off from Edwards Air Force Base at 8:01 a.m. December 14, 1986, and flew west 26,366 statue miles.
On December 23, . . . — Map (db m53127) HM|
|California (Kern County), Oildale — Oildale Waits Drilling Company|
|In May 1899, Thomas A. Means owned the land where James and Jonathan Elwood discovered oil on the North Bank of the Kern River. They used a hand auger under the edge of the cliff checking for oil, and later moved to the top to drill. Oil surfaced from 256 feet, on July 26, 1899.
You can see the Discovery Well, capped in red, behind the dedication plaque. The Kern River Field has been the longest producing in the nation - over 100 Years.
As the Standard Oil Company grew in Kern County, . . . — Map (db m64665) HM|
|California (Kern County), Oildale — Oildale, A 100 Years Ago|
|This mural depicts Oildale around 1899, from the bridge to the surrounding oil derricks on the hills.
Oildale was called "Waits" during the oil boom.
To your right is Waits Train Station, on Norris Rd.
Several business sprang up, and eventually a church and subdivisions filled this active oil area. — Map (db m64663) HM|
|California (Kern County), Onyx — Onyx Store - 1880
|William Scodie, born in 1827 in Prussia, originally
moved to Keyesville in 1856 and opened an
eating establishment. He relocated to this area in 1861
operating a way-station from his house. Stocking his
front room with supplies, he sold to locals as well
as miners and freighters passing through to the
Argus Mines in San Bernardino County.
This store, originally called the Scodie Store,
was constructed in 1880 under the . . . — Map (db m51862) HM|
|California (Kern County), Onyx — 99 — Walker's Pass|
|Discovered by Joseph R. Walker, American trail-blazer who left the San Joaquin Valley through this pass in 1834. This area was traversed by topographer Edward M. Kern, after whom the Kern River was named, while accompanying the Fremont expedition of 1845. After 1860 it became a mining freight route to Owens Valley. — Map (db m71071) HM|
|California (Kern County), Piute Springs — Piute Ranch Homesite of Elizabeth "Lizzie" McGuirk — Scobie, Shipsey, Kersey — 1860 - 1932|
|Came to territory by
covered wagon in 1865
Settled here in 1876
Owned and operated
Gwynne Gold Mine, store
hotel and stage station
cattle rancher, Indian agent
Postmistress — Map (db m83310) HM|
|California (Kern County), Randsburg — D.T. Jones - Dry Goods — First Adobe Buidling In Town — 1895 Randsburg Centennial 1995|
|In October of 1897 Mr. Jones opened a dry good store in Randsburg. His building was wiped out in the great fire of May 1898, but saved most of his stock by placing it in a fireproof cellar. After the fire he immediately built a new adobe building which according George McPherson in his History of Randsburg, was the first adobe built in town. Based on the photo in Mr. McPherson’s history it is believed that this is the building. Approximately 5 feet was added to the front of this building in . . . — Map (db m53854) HM|
|California (Kern County), Randsburg — 671 — Garlock|
|In 1896 Eugene Garlock constructed a stamp mill near this spot for the crushing of gold ore from the Yellow Aster Mine on Rand Mountain. Known originally as Cow Wells, by prospectors and freighters during the 1880’s and early 1890’s, the town of Garlock continued to thrive until water piped from here to Randsburg in 1898 and the Kramer-Randsburg rail line was completed in the same year. — Map (db m51672) HM|
|California (Kern County), Randsburg — Historic Randsburg|
|Rand Camp began as a tent city, erected by eager miners who rushed to the Mojave Desert following a major gold discovery in April 1895. A year later, the town of 1,500 had been renamed "Randsburg." Saloons sprouted, a U.S. Post Office was established, and the community's first newspaper, "The Randsburg Miner," appeared. By 1900, Randsburg's 3,500 inhabitants had a "30 stamp" ore crusher, bank, churches and theaters. Railroad tracks soon connected the nearby town of Johannesburg to Kramer's . . . — Map (db m53869) HM|
|California (Kern County), Randsburg — 938 — Rand Mining District|
|The Yellow Aster, or Rand Mine, was discovered in April, 1895 by Singleton Burcham and Mooers. The town of Randsburg quickly developed followed by the supply town of Johannesburg in 1896. Both names were adopted from the profusion of minerals resembling those of the Rand Mining District in South Africa. In 1907 Churchill discovered tungsten at Atolia, used in steel alloy during World War I. In June 1919 Willams and Nosser discovered the famous California Rand Silver Mine at Red Mountain. — Map (db m50461) HM|
|California (Kern County), Randsburg — Randsburg Drug Store — Rand Mining District Centennial — 1895 - 1995|
Nicholas N. Miller – Randsburg Drug Store
Nicholas Miller, a native of Michigan, came to Randsburg in December of 1896 and opened a drug store a month later. He was burnt out in both fires of 1898 losing $4,000 in the last fire and an unknown amount in the first fire. However he did rebuild and remained in business until 1900 when it is believed that he sold out to G. W. Turner.
George W. Turner – Randsburg Drug Store
As a young man of twenty one George W. Turner . . . — Map (db m53851) HM|
|California (Kern County), Randsburg — 57 — Randsburg, California|
|Gold was discovered on the slope of Rand Mountain in 1895. From this discovery, the town of Randsburg sprang up almost overnight. By 1899, the town had over 3500 residents. Randsburg boasted a 100-stamp mill and conservative estimates are that $60,000,000 in gold was taken out of the mines in the area during the town’s boom years. From 1895 till about 1933, the Yellow Aster Mine produced almost $25,000,000 worth of gold at the old gold prices of about $20.00 per ounce. The jail and White House . . . — Map (db m78578) HM|
|California (Kern County), Randsburg — The Baltic Mine Project|
|Few local miners still burrow underground, lured by the rich yellow gleam of gold. Most gold now recovered from California’s Rand Mining District is microscopic in size, and so finely dispersed that it is invisible to the naked eye. Rock containing as little as .02 ounces of gold per ton is considered “ore” meaning that it can be mined at a profit. From this vantage point, you can watch the Baltic Mine’s excavation of approximately 50,000 total tons per day. When tests reveal that . . . — Map (db m53870) HM|
|California (Kern County), Randsburg — The Commerical Hotel — My Place Dance Hall / Orpheum Theater — 1895 Centennial 1995|
|The Commercial Hotel
The mining boom of 1922 created a demand for more hotels. To help fill this demand Mrs. Artibe had the Commercial Hotel built in 1922. The lumber for this hotel was finished by the Johannesburg Lumber Company.
My Place Dance Hall
From 1903 to 1907 Marguerite Roberts ran a “House of Ill Repute”, on or about this location, called the “My Place Dance Hall”. Several trade tokens from the dance hall and the “Orpheum Theater” . . . — Map (db m53856) HM|
|California (Kern County), Randsburg — The Joint — Steam Bakery – Randsburg Bakery — 1895 Centennial 1995|
Ray and Olga Guyett purchased this building in the 1950’s and established The Joint, restaurant and bar. The Joint has been the center of Randsburg’s social life for over forty years and has the distinction of being the longest run business under the same ownership in the history of Randsburg.
Steam Bakery – Randsburg Bakery
Henry Rott-- Steam Bakery
Henry Rott was a German immigrant who became a naturalized citizen in 1865 in Indiana. He was 57 years . . . — Map (db m53853) HM|
|California (Kern County), Randsburg — Whitehouse Saloon — Dickinson's Saloon — 1895 Centennial 1995|
|The Whitehouse Saloon
The Whitehouse Saloon was thought to first open as Whitehouse in the late “Teens” under the management of H.B. “Moses” Elder and his brother Emmett Elder. It was closed down by Prohibition in 1920 and operated as restaurant during that period. When Prohibition was repealed it was reopened as a Saloon and has operated as such except for a short period as an antique shop.
Samuel K. Dickerson purchased this building in . . . — Map (db m53855) HM|
|California (Kern County), Red Mountain — 8 — The Owl Hotel|
|The Owl Hotel
where the action was!
Dedicated to Hattie, Little
Eva and the girls of the line.
While the men mined silver,
they dug for gold. — Map (db m78597) HM|
|California (Kern County), Ridgecrest — William Henry "Burro" Schmidt|
|A Monument to
Determination and Perserverance
William Henry "Burro" Schmidt
Took thirty eight years to hand dig this
half-mile long tunnel--Completed in 1936
Born in Rhode Island, January 30, 1871
Died in Ridgecrest, Calif., January 27, 1954 — Map (db m89221) HM|
|California (Kern County), Rosamond — 130 — Willow Springs — California Historical Landmark|
|Visited by Padre Garces (1776) while following Old Horse Thief Trace later known as Joe Walker Trail. Fremont stopped here (1844). The famished Jayhawk Party (1850) found water here while struggling from Death Valley to Los Angeles. Still later was station on Los Angeles – Havilah and Inyo Stage Lines.
Dedicated April 1, 1951 — Map (db m50248) HM|
|California (Kern County), Rosamond — 130 — Willow Springs — California Historical Landmark|
|Willow Springs was a stage station on the Los Angeles-Havilah Stage Lines, 1864-1874. From here light traffic went through Oak Creek Pass via Tehachapi to Havilah and Kernville; heavy traffic went northwest to the Inyo mines, or via Jawbone Canyon to the South Fork of the Kern; hence to the Kern mines.
Dedicated June 6, 1937 — Map (db m50249) HM|
|California (Kern County), Shafter — 1022 — Shafter Cotton Research Station|
|The Shafter Cotton Research Station, established here in 1922 by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, developed the "Acala" varieties which were exceptionally well suited to the San Joaquin Valley. The quality of the acala cottons and the marketing advantage of the one variety cotton district, created in 1925, resulted in premium cottons with a world-wide demand. Through the continued vision and cooperative efforts of growers and researchers, production of acala cotton became one of California's largest agricultural enterprises. — Map (db m52055) HM|
|California (Kern County), Shafter — 923 — Site of Gossamer Condor Flight|
|This plaque at Shafter Airport commemorates the world's first man-powered flight to complete the Kremer Circuit, August 23, 1977. The circuit, a figure eight around two pylons one-half mile apart, was completed in six minutes, twenty-two seconds. The plane was designed by Dr. Paul MacCready, Jr. and flown by Bryan Allen. A cash prize of 50,000 pounds was awarded by the Royal Aeronautical Society, London, England. — Map (db m52057) HM|
|California (Kern County), Shafter — The Green Hotel — Shafter's First Commerical Building|
|Built in 1913 by Kern County Land Company
to accommodate prospective land buyers for the settlement of Shafter
Listed 1989 National Register of Historic Places
Supported by California Office of Historic Preservation Grants — Map (db m52058) HM|
|California (Kern County), Taft — History of Taft|
|As Taft’s first 100 years is being celebrated in 2010, let’s look back to see from where we came. Taft got its start when the railroad laid tracks to Taft and beyond. Siding Number Two was where it all started along the tracks in the vicinity of 2nd and Supply Row. Railroad cars were being unloaded with supplies for the rapidly expanding oil production for miles along what was called the Midway Sunset Oil Field. Buildings began springing up, followed by houses, businesses, schools, and . . . — Map (db m54388) HM|
|California (Kern County), Taft — Midway Cemetery - 25 Hill|
|In memory of the men,
women and children who
were the pioneers of the
Midway Sunset Oilfields,
never to be forgotten. This
cemetery was established
November 1911 by
William Brooks of the Taft
Undertaking Company on
land supplied by Standard Oil. — Map (db m88604) HM|
|California (Kern County), Taft — The Fort — Replica of Sutter’s Fort — Erected in 1940 A.D.|
|Constructed on the basic plan of Sutter’s original fort one hundred years after its erection in Sacramento by that distinguished pioneer Captain John Augustus Sutter. The building of this replica of one of the most outstanding landmarks to the early California pioneers was prompted by the same spirit that animated its founder. The advancement of American civilization.
Constructed jointly by Federal Works Agency
Work Project Administration
County of Kern . . . — Map (db m54394) HM|
|California (Kern County), Taft — The Fort, Taft|
|Built of native adobe, The Fort is a replica of Sutter's Fort in Sacramento, originally it was built to accommodate county, state, and federal officers, as well as be utilized as a town hall. The Fort was dedicated on May 22, 1940. — Map (db m54397) HM|
|California (Kern County), Taft — West Kern Oil Museum|
|The Jameson # 17 oil derrick, which was drilled in 1917 and produced until
the 1980’s, was scheduled to be torn down. In 1974 the local American
Association of University Women and several dedicated people convinced
Jameson Oil Company to donate the wooden derrick along with three acres
of land to give the West Kern Oil Museum, Inc. a promising start.
The Jameson # 17 was the last standing wooden derrick in California,
outlasting more than 7000 wooden derricks that covered the . . . — Map (db m88603) HM|
|California (Kern County), Tehachapi — 643 — "Old Town"|
|The oldest settlement in Tehachapi Valley, known as 'Old Town,' was established here during the 1860s. It was long an important station on the road between Southern California and the San Joaquin Valley, the community began to decline when residents gradually removed to nearby Greenwich, later renamed Tehachapi, after completion of the Southern Pacific Railroad in 1876. — Map (db m11913) HM|
|California (Kern County), Tehachapi — 28 — 1915 Street Dance Mural|
|A street dance held in 1915 commemorated the first electric streetlights installed in Tehachapi. The site of the dance was the corner of Green and F Street. The building there housed the Masonic Lodge and Post Office in 1915, and the mural shows the type of streetlight actually installed in 1915. Faces of current local residents, and those from the history of Tehachapi, were chosen to incorporate into the scene. The faces represent five former mayors and other old-time residents, as well as . . . — Map (db m53119) HM|
|California (Kern County), Tehachapi — 16 — Arrastra at Railroad Park|
|The arrastra was a very primitive way of milling or crushing gold ore, using a mule walking in a circle and “drag” stones, a method brought to the New World by the Spaniards. The Tehachapi Heritage League moved the arrastra to this location stone by stone. This arrastra was in danger of being eroded and destroyed by runoff water at its original site at Water Canyon Creek — Map (db m50254) HM|
|California (Kern County), Tehachapi — 3 — August Weferling House|
|Located on the northeast corner of "D" and Green Streets, this house was built in 1880 by August Weferling. The redwood tree in front was planted the day he married his second wife, Luella Duty Weferling (an early Tehachapi businesswoman), in 1905. — Map (db m52801) HM|
|California (Kern County), Tehachapi — 6 — B.M. Denison House & 1880's House|
| B.M.Denison House - Located on the northeast corner of "D" and Curry Streets, this house was constructed entirely from cedar wood in 1898 by B.M. Denison. He planted the first commercial Barlett Pear orchard along Curry Street.
1880s House - Located on the southeast corner of "D" and Curry Streets, this house was built in the late 1880s. — Map (db m52811) HM|
|California (Kern County), Tehachapi — 20 — Beekay Theatre — Dedicated on the day, December 6, 2008 — City of Tehachapi - Respecting Our Past – Planning Our Future|
|Originally opened in 1936, the Beekay Theatre survived the historic earthquake of 1952 and endured a number of façade changes before burning in the 1990’s. The reconstruction preserves the original façade behind, which lies a fully modern theatre.
The City of Tehachapi would like to thank the Duplan Family Trust for the generous donation of the building in 1999.
Restoration efforts could not been possible without the talent and vision of our partner, Tehachapi Community Theatre. . . . — Map (db m52969) HM|
|California (Kern County), Tehachapi — Duty~Honor~Country|
|The Sacrifices of few ensured the freedom of many. A grateful community remembers those who served in the Armed Forces of the United States during time of war and peace, whose courage and personal sacrifices defended and preserved our freedom. — Map (db m79895) WM|
|California (Kern County), Tehachapi — 8 — Early High School|
|This house was built by Dr. Russell Peery in the 1890s. It was originally constructed in Cummings Valley for use as a hotel and spa. Later dismantled, it was moved to the present site. In 1928, it was used as a high school, and continued until conventional high school buildings were completed. The building retains its original high ceilings. — Map (db m52813) HM|
|California (Kern County), Tehachapi — 2 — Errea House|
|The Erra family occupied this dwelling for 75 years. The structure was built by a doctor in "Old Town" (or "Tehichipa") 4 miles west of Tehachapi between 1870 and 1875. It was moved to this location on log rollers about 1900. It is the only surviving structure from the Tehichipa settlement. The Erra House was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on July 29, 1997. — Map (db m52800) HM|
|California (Kern County), Tehachapi — 4 — First Methodist & Episcopal Church|
|The first Methodist & Episcopal Church in Tehachapi was built here in 1881. It was later torn down and the present house was built with the wood from the church. — Map (db m52802) HM|
|California (Kern County), Tehachapi — 24 — Former Post Office — Site of Early Historic Buildings & Former Post Office|
|The current building, which was built to house the post office, replaced two older houses. It is now privately owned and houses offices of local businesses.
Across the alley behind the building, there was once a small, tin building that housed firefighting equipment, including a hand-drawn care with hoses. That building can now be seen at the northeast corner of the Errea House Garden (Walking Tour Stop # 2).
Maps for the walking tour are available at . . . — Map (db m71108) HM|
|California (Kern County), Tehachapi — 18 — Former Richfield Service Station|
|The Richfield Service Station was built here in 1921 by Jack and "Doro" (Theodore) Leiva, who operated the station and adjoining cabins for travelers for over 50 years. It was named the Bartlett Richfield Station due to the many Bartlett Pear trees being planted in the area at the time. Earlier, this was the site of the first town dump. — Map (db m52895) HM|
|California (Kern County), Tehachapi — 12 — Gallinger House|
|Built by Joe Gallinger in 1880, it was purchased in 1926 by Jim and Lucinda (Callie) Wiggins Brite. Upon Lucinda's death in 1944, the Davis family purchased the house. It was customary to drive sheep and cattle along Curry Street to the railroad stockyard on "G" Street (now Tehachapi Boulevard) for shipment by rail. — Map (db m52890) HM|
|California (Kern County), Tehachapi — 23 — Hitching Post Theatre|
|This building was contructed after the 1952 earthquake to house a post office, a department store, an electric shop, a variety store and a drug store. The photo shows the two-story frame hotel (formerly the Old Summit School, which was moved to this site from North Curry Street in the early "1900s"). It survived the earthquake, and the upper floor was moved from this site to make way for the new construction. It was moved to "C" Street and became the Garage for a time. — Map (db m52968) HM|
|California (Kern County), Tehachapi — 5 — McFarland House & Late 1880s House|
McFarland House - Located on the northwest corner of "D" and Green Streets, this house was built in the late 1800s by the McFarland family, who operated a sawmill and box factory in Tehachapi, circa 1890.
Late 1880s House - Located on the southwest corner of "D" and Green Streets, this house was built in the late 1880s. — Map (db m52810) HM|
|California (Kern County), Tehachapi — Monolith — California|
1906-1914: City of Los Angeles builds and operates plant to make cement for Los Angeles Aqueduct and also constructs town named Aqueduct to house workers and families.
1910: Aqueduct train station and post office are renamed Monolith.
1920: U.S. Potash Co. leases plant from City of Los Angeles.
1921-1989: Monolith Portland Cement Co. is created, buys and operates plant.
1923: Coy Burnett buys out Monolith partners, becomes President and owner. . . . — Map (db m52988) HM|
|California (Kern County), Tehachapi — 97 — Oak Creek Pass — California Historical Landmark|
|Father Francisco Garces used the Oak Creek Pass in 1776 to return to the Mojave after exploring the San Joaquin Valley, as did Fremont in 1844-45. Until the building of the railroad through the Tehachapi Pass in 1876, Oak Creek Pass was the only route used through the Tehachapi Mountains. — Map (db m50250) HM|
|California (Kern County), Tehachapi — 13 — Odd Fellows Hall|
|Built as the Odd Fellows Hall in the early 1930's, it was later used as a movie theatre, dance hall and labor union hall. It was once owned by St. Malachy Church and used as a church hall (1949-53). The structure survived the 1952 earthquake intact, and then housed the Red Cross, the telephone company, and a department store, among other temporarily "displaced business." It was then sold to become the Santa Fe Hotel, and later became a private residence (known as the Talmarc Building). It is currently known as the Door of Hope Building. — Map (db m52892) HM|
|California (Kern County), Tehachapi — 11 — Original site of the First Catholic Church in 1887|
|The present, remodeled bank building was constructed in 1936 as the second St. Malchy Church. In the early 1980's the structure was sold to the newly formed Sierra National Bank, which was acquired by the Bank of the Sierra in May 2000. — Map (db m52888) HM|
|California (Kern County), Tehachapi — 7 — Peery House|
|This house was built by Dr. Russell Peery in 1890. He owned a drug store in Tehachapi and was noted for having developed the "gold cure" for arthritis. It later became the residence of Albert Ancker, a long time banker who was a President of the Bank of Tehachapi. — Map (db m52812) HM|
|California (Kern County), Tehachapi — 25 — People of the Mountains — The Nuwa Tribe|
|In this village scene from before contact with the white man, women weave baskets and grind foodstuffs in bedrock mortars. Children play games, as the men make tools and weave rabbit pelt blankets. The border shows more recent members and elders of the tribe, and baskets for which the local Indians were known.
The background includes local pictographs, a natural lake and the natural vegetation still visible in the area, such as cattails and rushes. The domed huts are called kahni, which means house in the Kawaiisu or Nüwa language. — Map (db m52990) HM|
|California (Kern County), Tehachapi — 26 — Red Front Blacksmith Shop Mural|
|The original Red Front Blacksmith Shop was located directly across the street from this mural. The workers pictured represent many local ranching families. The images in the ovals next to the buildings show scenes from Tehachapi's ranching history.
The outside ovals show working blacksmiths in their shops. All images were taken from old photographs. A few well-known, local cattle brands and the names of the ranches are shown in the box below.
Painted by Lyn Bennett - 2006 assisted by Brenda Anderline — Map (db m53116) HM|
|California (Kern County), Tehachapi — 22 — Site of Bank of Tehachapi|
|The first bank in Tehachapi was incorporated on October 11, 1892, in a dry goods store on "G" Street (now Tehachapi Boulevard). The founder and first President of the Bank of Tehachapi ws Isadore Asher, who operated the bank in the rear of this store. The bank relocated to a brick building on this site in 1906. After the building was destroyed in the 1952 earthquake, the current building on the site housed the Farrar Insurance Agency. — Map (db m52966) HM|
|California (Kern County), Tehachapi — 15 — Site of the Kessing Building|
|On this site, the first frame building in Tehachapi was built by Mary and Bernard Kessing. They replaced the original wooden building in 1905 with a beautiful brick building named the Kessing Building, which was destroyed in the 1952 earthquake. A stone plaque above the doorway on the corner commemorated the name and completion date of the building. — Map (db m53123) HM|
|California (Kern County), Tehachapi — 9 — Tehachapi Hospital|
|Originally built by Jean Capdeville as a rooming house, it was later sold to Drs. Madge and Harold Schlotthauer in 1934. It was then used as a hospital until the 1952 earthquake. Although badly damaged, no lives were lost in the hospital. The large trees were planted before the Capdevilles built the rooming house. When the Schlotthauers rebuilt the hospital after the earthquake, they stipulated that the trees were not to be cut down. — Map (db m52819) HM|
|California (Kern County), Tehachapi — 508 — Tehachapi Loop|
|From this spot may be seen a portion of the world-renowned “Loop.” It was completed in 1876 under the direction of William Hood, Southern Pacific Railroad Engineer. In gaining elevation around central hill of loop a 4000 foot train will cross 77 feet above its rear cars in tunnel below. — Map (db m11903) HM|
|California (Kern County), Tehachapi — 27 — Tehachapi Loop Mural|
|The Tehchapi Loop put Tehachapi on the map when it was completed in 1876. Before that time there was no rail access across the Tehachapi Mountains. The historic Loop is pictured here, circa 1952, with a trompe l'oeil effect showing damage to the building due to the historic 1952 earthquake. The wall upon which the mural is painted appears to be cracking open from the force of the earthquake. The Loop is pictured in late summer colors, rather than the usual greens that are only seen for a short . . . — Map (db m53117) HM|
|California (Kern County), Tehachapi — 1 — Tehachapi Museum|
|This structure was built in 1932 as the Kern County Branch Library. When a new library was constructed in 1981, the County gave the old building to the City of Tehachapi with the stipulation that it be used as a public building. In 1982 the City leased it to the Tehachapi Heritage League to be used as a museum. — Map (db m52668) HM|
|California (Kern County), Tehachapi — Tehachapi Pass|
|Tehachapi Pass became the preferred route connecting the Mojave and the San Joaquin Valley after John C. Fremont and Kit Carson passed this way during the 2nd Fremont Expedition in 1844. Situated at the southern edge of the Sierra Nevada, Tehachapi Pass provided a reliable way to enter and leave the San Joaquin Valley during the winter.
In 1853, while surveying the area for the U.S. Government, Lt. R.S. Williamson learned from the Indian villagers the name of the principal creek that . . . — Map (db m51786) HM|
|California (Kern County), Tehachapi — Tehachapi Pass Railroad Line — Constructed 1874 – 1876 — Commemorated October 1998|
|In front of you is the world famous Tehachapi Loop which is about halfway upgrade to the Tehachapi Pass. This steep line averages 2.2% in gradient in its 28 miles of length. This feat of civil engineering genius was crowning achievement of civil engineer William Hood of the Southern Pacific Railway Company. It is one of the seven wonders of the railroad world.
The Tehachapi Pass Railroad Line was cut through solid and decomposed granite by up to 3000 Chinese laborers from Canton, China. They . . . — Map (db m11910) HM|
|California (Kern County), Tehachapi — 29 — T-Hacha-P Brand Mural|
|The "T-Hacha-P" logo was taken from an early fruit crate label. The steam powered combine shown is followed by a horse drawn water wagon, with Tehachapi Peak in the background. Jake Jacobsen, a former mayor and civic leader, along with his brother Rolf, built this seed-packing shed.
The funnel still seen on the roof of the building, directed seeds into a hopper, which you can see inside the building. In the past, Tehachapi has seen the production of seeds for many diverse crops. . . . — Map (db m53115) HM|
|California (Kern County), Tehachapi — The Great Flood of 1932 and Engine No. 3834|
|On September 30th torrential rains flooded Tehachapi Creek, undermining the tracks under Santa Fe Engine No. 3834 which was waiting out the storm about ½ mile east of Woodward Station. The engine disappeared into the raging water below. It remained “lost” for two weeks, hidden under 10 feet of mud. It took one month to free the severely damaged engine. Its bell was never found. Almost three years after the flood the newly refurbished engine was returned to service with people . . . — Map (db m11912) HM|
|California (Kern County), Tehachapi — The Legend of Avelino Martinez|
|Avelino Martinez was of Mexican, Indian and Chinese descent, four feet-four inches tall and thirteen years of age when he came with a group of drovers to the United States from Sonora, Mexico, searching for his father. He worked as a groom for horses in one of legendary outlaw Joaquin Murrieta's four horse gangs. Members would capture wild horses and then drive them back to the Sonora area of Mexico where rich ranchers were a ready market.
Most of Martinez's life from 1853, when Murrieta . . . — Map (db m52918) HM|
|California (Kern County), Tehachapi — 17 — The Muro House|
|This was the first house constructed in Tehachapi, built in 1877 by Fred Boden. It was occupied from 1895 to 1940 by Mr. and Mrs. T.P. Sullivan. He was the Southern Pacific Roadmaster and was elected to Tehachapi's first Board of Trustees in 1909.
Designated a "landmark" by the Tehachapi City Council the house takes its name from the Jose Muro family, who lived in the house for many years. — Map (db m52893) HM|
|California (Kern County), Tehachapi — The Tehachapi Museum|
|City of Tehachapi
Respecting Our Past – Planning Our Future
The Tehachapi Museum
Dedicated On May 22, 2010
Built in 1931 in the Art Deco style, this building originally housed the Kern County Library and was later given to the City. The Tehachapi Heritage League relocated the Museum to this site in 1982 through a long-term partnership with the City of Tehachapi. The current renovation and addition were made possible through the assistance of the City of Tehachapi and . . . — Map (db m52829) HM|
|California (Kern County), Tehachapi — 1054 — Tomo-Kahni|
|In the Kawaiisu language, tomo-kahni means winter village. The site's location between the coast and desert allowed the site occupants to hold an important place for trade between these areas and the southern Central Valley. The sacred rock art found throughout the site contains stylistic elements from the Great Basin and Central Valley culture areas. The site has been an area of extensive occupation and contains important information for better understanding Kawaiisu community and village life locally as well as statewide. — Map (db m92889) HM|
|California (Kern County), Tehachapi — 10 — Two 1890's Houses|
|These two houses were constructed in the 1890's. One structure was built by R.D.Williamson and the other by Fred Boden. — Map (db m52669) HM|
|California (Kern County), Tehachapi — Why Tehachapi Pass? / Pioneers of the Wind / Hike A Mile or Two - Thousand|
| First Panel:
Why Tehachapi Pass?
1) Close to Energy Users
The proximity of Tehachapi Pass to the Los Angeles Basin makes it an attractive location for wind power development, as it reduces the length, cost, and environmental impact of the required transmission lines. Power from numerous wind farms in the East Kern Wind Resource Area is conditioned at Southern California Edison’s Windhub substation and sent south on 500,000 Volt transmission lines of . . . — Map (db m63166)|
|California (Kern County), Twin Oaks — Walker Basin — Point of Historical Interest|
|Walker Basin was on the stagecoach route from Caliente to Keyesville. The Western Confederates were here during and after the Civil War 1861 to 1867. Abia T. Lightner came to the basin in 1858 and took up farming and raising cattle. In 1864, where this monument stands, Daniel Walsher bought the property from Hamp Williams, which was the "First Deed of Record" in the basin. Long before its discovery the beautiful basin was populated by Piute Indians of Great Basin Origin. . . . — Map (db m51829) HM|
|California (Kern County), Twin Oaks — KER - 008 — Walker Basin — Point of Historical Interest|
|Originally called "The Park" due to its characteristics, the area, according to the present day historical experts, was named Walker's Basin, sometime in the 1860's after George Walker, its first settler. Early history books indicate, however, that the area was named after Joseph Reddefford Walker, early explorer and trapper, who came into present day Kern County in 1834 as part of the Bonneville Expedition into the Rocky Mountains.
Charles Warren Gillingham, Daniel C. Cork, . . . — Map (db m51830) HM|
|California (Kern County), Walker Basin — Dedicated to Little Lucy and the Lightners|
| Left Plaque:
and the Lightners
Clyde (Bob) Robinson, Charman • Bob Robinson, Vice Chairman • Ron Wermuth, Secretary • Barbara Allen, Treasurer • June Price Boner, Public Relations • Norie Ellerman, Tribual Operations • Josephine Stone, Tribual Operations • Lucy Arvidson, Deceased • Phyllis Hix, Attorney.
In memory of Lucy, a Native American raised by the family of Livinia Lightner Rankin, married Francisco Robles about 1874. — Map (db m71074) HM|
|California (Kern County), Walker Basin — Rankin Ranch|
|This valley, Walker Basin, was originally named "The Park" before being named for Joseph R. Walker, an early day scout.
The founder of Rankin Ranch, Walker Rankin was 22 when he left Pennsylvania in 1854 for the California "Gold Rush." He founded Rankin Ranch in 1863 and married Lavinia Lightner, whose family had settled in the basin in 1858. The Rankin home and barns, which are still in use today, were built in the mid 1870's. From that time to the turn of the century Rankin Ranch was a . . . — Map (db m71073) HM|
|California (Kern County), Wasco — Korean and Vietnam Veterans Memorial|
|For the comrades and families
who gave of themselves to
insure America’s Freedom.
Dedicated to the memory of SSG Larry S. Pierce, Sept 1965, MOH-RVN; Sgt. Steven Chavira, 1971 MIA-RVN. — Map (db m62804) WM|
|California (Kern County), Woody — 631 — Garcés Baptismal Site|
|Three miles north of this point was the site of the first recorded Christian baptism in the San Joaquin Valley. On May 23, 1776, Padre Francisco Garcés, earliest non-Indian in this area, baptized an Indian boy whom he called Muchachito at a Yokuts Rancheria in Grizzly Gulch.
Editor's Note: Text taken from California Office of Historic Preservation Website. — Map (db m83803) HM|
|California (Kern County), Woody — Granite Station — (Five Dogs)|
|Built it 1873 by John Elden, this stand of buildings served as store, restaurant, and lodging place on the stage route between Bakersfield and Glennville. In later years it became a stopping place for freighters and sheepmen who were on their trek to the Mojave Desert.
Kern County Museum
Kern County Historical Society
E Clampus Vitus Peter LeBeck Chapter 1866 — Map (db m25716) HM|
|California (Kern County), Woody — Joseph Weringer, Sr. — Pioneer Businessman, Miner|
|Joseph Weringer, Sr., Born 1855 In Vienna, established the “Weringer Brewery and Bowling Alley” in Bakersfield in 1881. In 1889 he moved here and established the original townsite of Woody, named after pioneer rancher Sparrel Woody. Renamed Weringdale in 1891, the name reverted to Woody after several years.
Weringer discovered copper here in 1891 and operated the Greenback copper mine until after World War One, when ore shipping costs to Arizona and drops in copper prices made . . . — Map (db m83306) HM|
|California (Kern County), Woody — Woody|
|Dr. Sparrell W. Woody, pioneer rancher, settled in this area in 1862. In 1894 quartz gold was discovered on Blue Mountain. Copper was discovered in 1891 by Joseph Weringer who operated both the Greenback Copper Mine and the Weringdale Hotel. The townsite of Woody was subdivided by Weringer in 1909. — Map (db m83341) HM|