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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
 
 

Lawrence County Alabama Historical Markers

 
A Cotton Kingdom Marker image, Click for more information
By Lee Hattabaugh, December 14, 2012
A Cotton Kingdom Marker
Alabama (Lawrence County), Courtland — A Cotton Kingdom
Side A A combination of rich soil, mild climate and ready access to market via river and later railroad made Courtland an early center of cotton production. From surrounding plantations with colorful names like Bonnie Doone, Oak Grove, . . . — Map (db m71285) HM
Alabama (Lawrence County), Courtland — American Legion - Post 58
Side A On April 20, 1934, a temporary charter was issued for Gen. Joe Wheeler Post 58, Courtland, Alabama. On November 12, 1946, a permanent charter was granted and the name changed to Wiley Horton Post 58 in honor of the deceased son of . . . — Map (db m84303) HM
Alabama (Lawrence County), Courtland — Courtland Army Air Field (CAAF): Beginnings/Flight Schools
(side 1) Courtland Army Air Field (CAAF): Beginnings Following the onset of WWII the Army Air Corps initiated an ambitious pilot training program. During its most active period, this program would train over 100,000 pilots per . . . — Map (db m74409) HM
Alabama (Lawrence County), Courtland — Courtland Army Air Field (CAAF): Facilities/Deactivation
(side 1) Courtland Army Air Field (CAAF): Facilities At its greatest strength, CAAF was home to 4600 officers, enlisted servicemen, and cadets. During the war years it was the largest population center within Lawrence County. Over . . . — Map (db m74411) HM
Alabama (Lawrence County), Courtland — Courtland Cemetery-1819-
Side A One of Alabama's oldest and most picturesque town cemeteries, this site was set aside as a burying ground by the Courtland Land Company in its original survey made prior to the incorporation of the town in 1819. Many of the area's . . . — Map (db m84304) HM
Alabama (Lawrence County), Courtland — Courtland's Early Architecture(circa 1820-1940)
Side A Structures within the Courtland historic district represent over 150 years of changing tastes in building design. Although only a few of Courtland’s earliest buildings survive, the Federal~style architecture of the oldest houses . . . — Map (db m28990) HM
Alabama (Lawrence County), Courtland — Early Roads / One of the South's First Railroads 1832
Side A Tennessee Street along the north side of the square was originally part of Gaines’ Trace, a horse path laid out in 1807 under the direction of Capt. Edmund Pendleton Gaines of the U. S. Army. From Melton’s Bluff on the Tennessee . . . — Map (db m29056) HM
Alabama (Lawrence County), Courtland — Harris-Simpson Home
Side A This circa 1820 house is thought to be one of the oldest houses in Courtland. Occupying a lot platted by the Courtland Land Company in 1818, the house faces North toward what was once the main Tuscumbia Road. Dr. Jack Shackelford . . . — Map (db m84306) HM
Alabama (Lawrence County), Courtland — McMahon House
Built about 1830 for merchant Joseph Trotter, this house was purchased in 1838 by John J. McMahon, a Virginia-born cotton factor who divided his time between Courtland and New Orleans. The house remained the home of McMahon's descendants for nearly . . . — Map (db m84307) HM
Alabama (Lawrence County), Courtland — The African ~ American Experience
Marker Front: African~Americans played a very significant role in the early history of Courtland. Most came as slaves from the older southern states to help clear the land, to plant crops of cotton and corn, and to serve as household . . . — Map (db m29009) HM
Alabama (Lawrence County), Courtland — The Red Rovers / Red Rovers Roster
Side A Volunteer military company organized at Courtland 1835 to aid Texas in struggle for independence. Commanded by Dr. Jack Shackelford, local physician, company derived its name from color of home spun uniforms, made by citizens of . . . — Map (db m84308) HM
Alabama (Lawrence County), Courtland — The Town of Courtland / Early Settlers1819
Side A Federal lands in this area were first sold in 1818 and quickly purchased by settlers and speculators. A group of investors calling themselves the “Courtland Land Company” and consisting of William H. Whitaker, James M. . . . — Map (db m28989) HM
Alabama (Lawrence County), Danville — James Cleveland "Jesse" Owens
Born near this site 12 September 1913 to Henry Cleveland and Emma (Fitzgerald) Owens, who were sharecroppers and the offspring of freed slaves, Jesse was destined to attain immortality in the 1936 Olympic Games at Berlin, Germany. Although he moved . . . — Map (db m80969) HM
Alabama (Lawrence County), Hillsboro — Home of Annie Wheeler
Born July 31, 1868 ~ Died April 10, 1955 Daughter of General Joseph Wheeler Gallantly served her country three times on foreign soil. Volunteer nurse, Santiago, Cuba~1898. Spanish~American War and Manila, P.I. ~1899 during Philippine . . . — Map (db m29558) HM
Alabama (Lawrence County), Hillsboro — Home of Gen. Joe Wheeler
The record of his service shines in letters of living light in the annals of his country's history. — Map (db m76926) HM
Alabama (Lawrence County), Moulton — A County Older Than The StateLawrence County
Created by Territorial Legislature in 1818 from lands ceded by Cherokee and Chickasaw Indians Named for U.S, Navy hero of War of 1812 Capt. James Lawrence Fatally wounded, his famous command was "Don't Give Up The Ship" County . . . — Map (db m69672) HM
Alabama (Lawrence County), Moulton — Anne Newport Royall
Born 11 June 1769, in Maryland and married 18 Nov 1797, Anne Royall became a wealthy widow upon her Revolutionary War Veteran husband's death in 1813. However, her husband's family filed an ultimately successful suit for his estate. While she waited . . . — Map (db m84309) HM
Alabama (Lawrence County), Moulton — Cheatham Road
Wyatt Cheatham (1769-1856) was one of the early settlers of Lawrence County and bought land near Wren in 1818. The Alabama Legislature on 14 Dec 1824 authorized him, "to open out and make a road leading from at or near the Gum Pond in said county to . . . — Map (db m84310) HM
Alabama (Lawrence County), Moulton — Confederate Veterans Memorial
(front) Dedicated to the men of Lawrence County, Alabama, from all walks of life, who left kith and kin, hearth and home, and lost their lives in military service for the Confederate States of America during the War for Southern . . . — Map (db m84311) WM
Alabama (Lawrence County), Moulton — Gallagher Hill/Science Hill
The elevation to the northeast was known as Gallagher Hill. It was owned by John Gallagher who was born 1784 in Donegal County, Ireland. Coming to America 12 Aug 1812, he was a Lawrence County official by 1822. Later known as Science Hill, the . . . — Map (db m69668) HM
Alabama (Lawrence County), Moulton — General Leroy Pope Walker
General Leroy Pope Walker was born 7 Feb 1817 in Madison County, Al., son of John W. Walker (1784~1823). John was House Speaker of the AL Territory, the first constitutional convention president, the first US AL senator, and namesake of Walker . . . — Map (db m69669) HM
Alabama (Lawrence County), Moulton — General Phillip Dale Roddy
Born on this site about 1820 to Phillip and Sarah Roddy, Phillip Dale Roddy grew up in poverty. His father a saddle maker and War of 1812 veteran, was one of the earliest murder victims in Moulton. Phillip Dale was raised by his mother and received . . . — Map (db m69674) HM
Alabama (Lawrence County), Moulton — Judge Thomas M. Peters
A scientist of national fame, Peters (1810-1888) lived for many years in Moulton with his wife Naomi (Leetch), a relative of President James K. Polk, who possibly visited here. A man of many talents, Peters was a noted linguist, early civil rights . . . — Map (db m69670) HM
Alabama (Lawrence County), Moulton — Lawrence CountyVietnam Veterans
Tribute to our Vietnam Veterans Obedient to duty's call Many to return injured 9 never to return Herman Lee Cooper Willie Frank Garner Benjamin Harris Artie Terry Jeffery W. Smith Ray Anthony Rhodes Harold Laverol . . . — Map (db m69673) WM
Alabama (Lawrence County), Moulton — Peerson/McKelvey Cemetery
First known as the Peerson Cemetery, it later became the McKelvey Cemetery and still carries that name. Buried here are some early Moulton pioneers and merchants, Veterans of the War of 1812 and Civil War, each contributed to Moulton's early . . . — Map (db m84312) HM
Alabama (Lawrence County), Moulton — Warrior Mountains
This area was the home to Indians, settlers, people of mixed ancestry and their descendants. Local bluff shelters contain evidence of occupation from Paleo Indian (10,000 BC) through the Mississippian Period (1540 AD). Chief Tuscaloosa (Black . . . — Map (db m84313) HM
Alabama (Lawrence County), Oakville — Cherokee Council House Museum
The Oakville Indian Mounds Museum is based on a seven sided Cherokee council house. This type of council house was used during the cooler months and an open sided rectangular pavilion during warmer weather. The descriptions used for the museum's . . . — Map (db m84314) HM
Alabama (Lawrence County), Oakville — Cherokee Indian Removal
In the early 1800's Cherokees of this area were under the leadership of Doublehead and Tahlonteskee. After Doublehead's assassination in 1807, Tahlonteskee notified President Jefferson that he and his people were ready to move west. In 1808 . . . — Map (db m36030) HM
Alabama (Lawrence County), Oakville — Copena Burial Mound
Copena Indians built this mound with baskets of dirt some 2000 years ago. The Copena name was derived from their use of copper and galena (lead ore) found in their burials along with gorgets and celts. The mounds were a burial site with the dead . . . — Map (db m84315) HM
Alabama (Lawrence County), Oakville — Creek Indian Removal
Black Warriors' Path played a critical role as a route for Creek Removal. On December 19, 1835, some 511 Creek emigrants passed along the path through present ~ day Oakville Indian Mounds Park. In September 1836, a group of Creeks left Tallassee in . . . — Map (db m36027) HM
Alabama (Lawrence County), Oakville — Doublehead
Doublehead, (c1744-1807), aka Dsugweladegi or Chuqualatague, was the son of Great Eagle (Willenawah) and grandson of Moytoy. Among his siblings were Pumpkin Boy, Old Tassel and the unnamed grandmother of Sequoyah. After his sister's son John Watts . . . — Map (db m84316) HM
Alabama (Lawrence County), Oakville — Historic Indians
Five Historic Indian tribes lived in this area. By 1701, The Yuchi were living at the shoals on the Tennessee River. In early 1700s the Yuchi left, some moving to the Cherokee Nation on the Hiwassee River, TN and others to Chattahoochee River, GA. . . . — Map (db m36040) HM
Alabama (Lawrence County), Oakville — Oakville Indian Mound
Rising 27 feet high, this is the largest woodland mound in Alabama, with a base covering 1.8 acres and a flat top of over one acre. Built by prehistoric Copena Indians, the mound is 2,000 years old and constructed from earth probably carried one . . . — Map (db m84317) HM
Alabama (Lawrence County), Oakville — Streight's Raid
On 26 Apr 1863, a Union raiding party of 1500 including the 51st and 73rd IN, 3rd OH, 18th IL, and local men from two companies of the 1st AL Calvary left Tuscumbia for Russellville. Led by Col. Abel Streight, their objective was to cut Confederate . . . — Map (db m84318) HM
Alabama (Lawrence County), Oakville — Town of Oakville
Based on the large number of local mounds and artifacts, this site shows evidence of Indian occupation over 2000 years ago. According to tradition about 1780, Oakville became a Cherokee town located on Black Warriors' Path. By the early 1820's, . . . — Map (db m36036) HM
Alabama (Lawrence County), Town Creek — Saunders~ Hall~ Goode Mansion
This mansion, located about one mile east, was placed on the National Register of Historic places 1 Oct 1974. Built by Turner Saunders (1782-1853) on property purchased 9 April 1833, the house may have an earlier construction date. Revolutionary . . . — Map (db m37281) HM
Alabama (Lawrence County), Town Creek — The TVA System of Multi-purpose DamsWheeler Dam — Built for the people of the United States of America
The Tennessee River has its headwaters in the mountains of Tennessee, Virginia, North Carolina and Georgia. The main stream forms at Knoxville, where the Houston and the French Broad Rivers join. The valley, 41,000 square miles in area, receives . . . — Map (db m47486) HM
Alabama (Lawrence County), Town Creek — Trail of Tears
Form the late 1700's to 1807 a Cherokee Chief named Doublehead guarded this area, that was claimed by both the Cherokee and Chickasaw Nations as sacred hunting grounds against encroachment of white settlers. Chief Doublehead had the reputation of . . . — Map (db m84646) HM
Alabama (Lawrence County), Wheeler — Home of Gen. Joseph Wheeler1836~1906
. . . — Map (db m76952) HM

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