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Lee County Markers
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — Battle of Brices Cross Roads June 10, 1864 The Western Campaign, 1864
When General Sherman advanced on Atlanta, General Forrest sought to destroy the Union supply line between Nashville and Chattanooga. He had nearly reached the Tennessee River when he had to turn back to meet a Union force marching southeast from Memphis under General Sturgis. Forrest's remarkable ability to concentrate his men quickly and strike vigorously resulted in total victory by 4,787 Confederates over 7,900 Federal troops who retreated in confusion to Memphis. Yet Forrest was diverted . . . — Map (db m8365) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — Battle of Brice's Cross Roads
In Memory of the Men of the Confederate and the Federal Armies who took part in the Battle of Brice's Cross Roads or Tishimingo Creek June 10, 1864 which resulted in a victory for the Confederate forces under Brigadier General N. B. Forrest — Map (db m72156) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — Bethany A.R.P. Church
Organized in 1852 by the Alabama Presbytery, Bethany Associate Reformed Presbyterian Church had a charter membership of twenty-five including four slaves. The church was used as a hospital in 1864 following the Battle of Brice's Cross Roads. The present structure, built in 1956, is located across the road from the original church. — Map (db m60738) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — A-1 — Brice's Cross Roads June 10, 1864
Maj. Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest "owned" northern Mississippi and southwestern Tennessee in mid-1864, but that was not where the war was being won or lost. Port Hudson, Louisiana, and Vicksburg, Mississippi, had fallen in July 1863, giving the Union control of the Mississippi River. Gen. William T. Sherman was advancing steadily on Atlanta. Grant was engaging Lee at Cold Harbor and Petersburg, Virginia, in the push toward Richmond. Still, Forrest's command worried Union planners. His cavalry . . . — Map (db m62170) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — B-2 — Brice's Cross Roads First Main Battle Line (Union)
Brig. Gen. Benjamin Grierson's Federal cavalry (3,300 troops) left Stubbs plantation (nine miles northwest of Brice's Cross Roads) at daybreak on June 10, 1864. By 10:00 a.m. the cavalry had reached Brice's Cross Roads and advance units had encountered "a heavy force of the enemy" along the Baldwyn Road. The cavalry was dismounted and deployed on either side of the road, in the woods at the western edge of a cleared field, one-half mile east of the Cross Roads. Col. George Waring's brigade was . . . — Map (db m62172) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — B-1 — Brice's Cross Roads First Main Battle Line Overview
By 10:00 a.m. on June 10, 1864, Col. George Waring's Federal cavalry had reached the Cross Roads. The troops deployed on either side of the Baldwyn Road, in the woods at the western edge of a cleared field, one-half mile east of the Cross Roads. Skirmishing between one of Waring's squadrons and advance Confederate squads had already taken place further east on the Baldwyn Road. Facing Waring's troops from the opposing hilltop across a small creek was Col. Hylan B. Lyon's brigade which was soon . . . — Map (db m62173) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — Chief Tishomingo
Long before Civil War soldiers fought at this site in 1864, this land was part of the Chickasaw Nation. Tishomingo, whose name derived from the Chickasaw title tishu minko meaning "speaker for the chief" or "assistant chief" in the Chickasaw language, lived near here and was a prominent leader of the Chickasaws in this district. Tishomingo was born as early as the 1730s, probably at Chickasaw Old Town in what is now northwest Tupelo. Tishomingo was a warrior and a staunch defender of . . . — Map (db m61924) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — Confederate's First Battle Line Formed Here
at 1:00 o'clock. General Forrest's men were all on the field ready for action. From a quarter of a mile north and extending more than a mile south across the Guntown Road the Confederates formed a pincers movement against the enemy. Confederate units engaged in this line. From the northern end of the line: Warren's and Williams' Battalions, 4th Alabama, Moreland's 7th, 3rd, 8th and 12th Kentucky, 7th Tennessee, 13th and 8th Mississippi, and Companies A and H of the 12th Kentucky. — Map (db m62106) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — Confederate's Second Battle Line
Pushing the Union forces back, General Forrest slowly closed his pincers movement, forcing General Sturgis nearer the Crossroads. This line was anchored on the Blackland Road 400 yards northwest. The southern end across the Guntown Road. Confederate Units Forming this Line Warren's and Williams' Battalions; 4th Alabama; Moreland's 7th Kentucky; 12th Kentucky; Morton's and Rice's Batteries; 7th Tennessee; 18th Mississippi; 16th Tennessee; 15th Tennessee; 19th Tennessee; 8th Mississippi; . . . — Map (db m62110) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — Federal Cavalry and Artillery Formed First Battle Line Here
From 500 hundred yards north and extending more than a mile south, across the Guntown Road, this Line, behind rail fences and dense scrub-oak thickets fought stubbornly as the Confederates pushed on to the Crossroads. Hand to hand fighting along this line. Federal Cavalry and Artillery Engaged in this Line From the northern end of the line: Company H of 7th Indiana; 4th Missouri; 4th Missouri Battery On North Side of Road: 14th Indiana Battery On South Side of Road: 7th Indiana; 2nd New . . . — Map (db m62108) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — General Barteau's Flank Movement
Along the ridge north-east, General Barteau's 2nd Tennessee flanked the Union forces, creating havoc among white and negro soldiers of General Sturgis' command. — Map (db m61957) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — General Sturgis' Supreme Effort
To Hold The Crossroads Placing th 93rd Illinois, 8th Illinois and 114th Illinois Infantry here and immediately behind, he placed his artillery consisting of Battery B of 2nd Illinois; 7th Wisconsin Battery; 14th Indiana Battery; Battery E of 1st Illinois and Joyce's Battery. Orders were given to fire over heads of infantry into advancing Confederates. — Map (db m5738) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — Spoils of War
As Confederate cannon rained fire on exhausted Union troops waiting to cross Tishomingo Creek, a somewhat orderly retreat turned into a panicked rout. Soldiers swam across the creek, bypassing thee clogged and bottlenecked bridge and ran into the woods. Officers lost control of their units. Just one month after the Battle of Brice's Crossroads, Union and Confederate troops faced off again at the Battle of Tupelo. Union general A. J. Smith and his troops defeated the Confederates on July 14, . . . — Map (db m61930) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — Tishomingo Creek Bridge
The Federal retreat at the Battle of Brice's Crossroads was funneled onto a small bridge across Tishomingo Creek. The structure was too narrow for Sturgis' Expeditionary Force, and the span quickly became a bottleneck as horses, wagons, cannon, and men all raced to cross the creek at the same time. The rains of the previous several days had raised the water level of the deeply banked creek, making it very difficult to cross without using the bridge. Panicked soldiers and horses in full retreat . . . — Map (db m61927) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — Tishomingo Creek Bridge
Retreating wagons blocked bridge. General Forrest captured 200 Wagons, 14 pieces of artillery and hundreds of men. Artillery fire from the Crossroads killed hundreds of Federals here. — Map (db m61953) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — Union Wagon Train
A critical factor in the Union defeat at Brice's Crossroads was the decision by an unknown officer to bring most if not all of the Union supply train across the Tishomingo Creek Bridge and into the field across the road from where you now stand. When the time came for retreat, the slow-moving wagons clogged the narrow bridge, creating a panic among exhausted Union troops who were desperate to get away from the enemy fire. The supply train consisted of 250 wagons, each pulled by a team of four . . . — Map (db m62176) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Saltillo — Old Trace National Park Service Natchez Trace Parkway
Much of the Old Trace had been abandoned by the start of the civil war. However, the war did leave its mark on the Trace as it did upon the rest of the South, as soldiers marched, camped and fought along portions of this historic old road. A 5 minute walk on the Old Trace here takes you to the gravesites of 13 unknown Confederate soldiers, a mute reminder of bygone days and of the great struggle out of which developed a stronger nation. — Map (db m61803) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Tupelo — Battle of Tupelo
In Memory Of The Men Of The Federal And The Confederate Armies who took part in the Battle of Tupelo or Harrisburg July 14-15, 1864. Which resulted in a victory for the Federal Forces under Major General Andrew J. Smith — Map (db m5739) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Tupelo — Battle of Tupelo The Western Campaign, 1864
In the summer of 1864, General Forrest's hard hitting troops in Northern Mississippi threatened the supplies of General Sherman's campaign against Atlanta. Therefore, General A.J.Smith marched 14,000 Union troops against Forrest. He reached Tupelo despite harassing attacks and took positions here. A Confederate force of about 10,000 under General Stephen D. Lee, with Forrest commanding the right wing, attacked fiercely and repeatedly from the west throughout July 14, but could not penetrate the . . . — Map (db m6784) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Tupelo — MS-54 — Birthplace of Elvis Presley
Elvis Aaron Presley was born Jan. 8, 1935, in this house built by his father. Presley's career as a singer and entertainer redefined American popular music. He died on Aug. 16, 1977, at Memphis, Tennessee. — Map (db m4477) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Tupelo — Elvis Presley and the Blues
Marker Front: Elvis Presley revolutionized popular music by blending the blues he first heard as a youth in Tupelo with country, pop, and gospel. Many of the first songs Elvis recorded for the Sun label in Memphis were covers of earlier blues recordings by African Americans, and he continued to incorporate blues into his records and live performances for the remainder of his career. Marker Rear: Elvis first encountered the blues here in Tupelo, and it remained central to . . . — Map (db m29823) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Tupelo — Elvis Presley's Childhood Church
Attend a Pentecostal church service where Elvis first fell in love with gospel music. Elvis Presley Birthplace presents a unique experience in the First Assembly of God Church where Elvis and his family regularly attended service. This structure was originally one block away on Adams Street. To make way for a larger building, the old church was moved across the street and turned into a residence. In 2008 the building was moved to this site and restored to its original condition. . . . — Map (db m29821) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Tupelo — Shake Rag (Shakerag)
Marker Front: Shake Rag, located east of the old M & O (later GM & O) railway tracks and extending northward from Main Street, was one of several historic African American communities in Tupelo. By the 1920s blues and jazz flowed freely from performers at Shake Rag restaurants, cafes, and house parties, and later from jukeboxes, while the sounds of gospel music filled the churches. The neighborhood was leveled and its residents relocated during an urban renewal project initiate int he . . . — Map (db m29629) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Tupelo — Shake Rag Community
From 1943~47, Elvis' father, Vernon, worked for L.P. McCarty & Son's local wholesale grocery company making deliveries to various parts of the City. Shake Rag, a historically black community, was one of his delivery areas. It was here that Elvis was influenced by the sanctified gospel and blues music he heard which contributed greatly to the style he made famous. — Map (db m29630) HM
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