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Lexington County South Carolina – Historical Markers

Hartley House and Marker image, Click for more information
By Mike Stroud, April 13, 2010
Hartley House and Marker
South Carolina (Lexington County), Batesburg-Leesville — 32-10 — Hartley House
This house was built before 1800 for John Pierson Bond, according to local tradition. It later came into the possession of John Bates, of the family for whom Batesburg derives its name, and has been owned for over a century by Lodwick Hartley and . . . — Map (db m21880) HM
South Carolina (Lexington County), Batesburg-Leesville — 32-9 — Lee's Tavern Site
Mills's Atlas of 1825 shows this site on the Augusta-Columbia road as the location of John W. Lee's Stage Tavern. According to local tradition, this vicinity was the probably site of President George Washington's breakfast stop on May 22, 1791. . . . — Map (db m21884) HM
South Carolina (Lexington County), Batesburg-Leesville — Moorefield Memorial Highway
In Memory of Charles Henry Moorefield State Highway Engineer of South Carolina 1920 - 1935 — Map (db m21876) HM
South Carolina (Lexington County), Batesburg-Leesville — 32-33 — Pinarea / Quattlebaum Sawmill, Flour Mill, and Rifle Factory
Pinarea Pinarea, the plantation owned by soldier, statesman, and manufacturer Paul Quattlebaum (1812-1890), was a mile E. Quattlebaum was a captain in the Seminole War and a brig. gen, in the S.C. militia by 1843. He was a state representative . . . — Map (db m21869) HM
South Carolina (Lexington County), Cayce — 32-30 — Battle of Congaree Creek
(Front text) On February 15, 1865, as Gen. W.T. Sherman's Federal army advanced to Columbia, Gen. O.O. Howard's Army of the Tennessee found its way blocked by Confederates entrenched behind Congaree Creek and defending the Old State Rd. . . . — Map (db m39818) HM
South Carolina (Lexington County), Cayce — 32-1 — Congaree Fort
In 1718, at a site 2.7 miles east, near the place where the Cherokee Path crossed Congaree Creek, the first frontier outpost in central South Carolina was established under the command of Captain Charles Russell. The fort was abandoned in 1722, but . . . — Map (db m21711) HM
South Carolina (Lexington County), Cayce — Emily Geiger
Emily Geiger Heroine of the Revolutionary War captured while delivering secret message from Gen. Greene to Gen. Sumter held captive at Fort Granby July 3, 1781 — Map (db m59067) HM
South Carolina (Lexington County), Cayce — Guignard Park
Gift to the City of Cayce on March 13, 1961, by the heirs of John G. Guignard to be maintained as a public park in a state of natural beauty. This park established to conserve wild flowers, native shrubs and trees and to provide a place of quiet and . . . — Map (db m59069) HM
South Carolina (Lexington County), Cayce — 32-6 — Old State Road
This route follows an old Indian trail path and later in 1747 a public road from Charleston to Granby and points west. The State Road laid out by the newly established Board of Public Works in 1820 from Charleston to Columbia and on to the . . . — Map (db m21697) HM
South Carolina (Lexington County), Cayce — The Post at the Congarees
In 1175 the building upon the ground adjacent hereto was used as a store. Upon the fall of Charles Town in 1780 the British seized the store, fortified it, and established here "The Post at the Congarees." Attacked Feb. 19, 1781, by Gen. Sumter, . . . — Map (db m59065) HM
South Carolina (Lexington County), Cayce — World War II Monument and Memorial
1941 WWII 1946 A Tribute to give our military veterans the honor and respect due them They hit the line and they hit it hard They ran the ends of fame They passed and kicked to distant goals When . . . — Map (db m22227) HM
South Carolina (Lexington County), Chapin — 32-26 — St. Peter Church
SC Gen. Assembly incorp. this Lutheran church 17 Dec. 1794. Frederick Josephus Wallern served as 1st pastor. Today's church, dedicated 1936 is the 3rd building. — Map (db m21507) HM
South Carolina (Lexington County), Gilbert — 32-31 — Lewie Chapel (Old Gilbert Methodist Church) / The Lewie Family
(Front) Lewie Chapel, a Methodist church founded on this site in the 1870s by Solomon R. Lewie (1835-1878) and others, was later known as Lewiedale Methodist Church and after 1910 as Gilbert Methodist Church. The original sanctuary, replaced . . . — Map (db m30372) HM
South Carolina (Lexington County), Gilbert — 32-18 — Revolutionary Skirmish Near Juniper Springs
A party of Sumter's soldiers, harassing a rear guard of British foragers under Lord Rawdon (en route to relieve besieged Ninety Six), was ambushed several miles north of here on June 18, 1871. The state troops, under Col. Charles S. Myddelton, . . . — Map (db m21894) HM
South Carolina (Lexington County), Irmo — 32-14 — St. Andrew's Lutheran Church
These four acres were conveyed to St. Andrew's Lutheran Church in 1835, and by November of that year the congregation had built and dedicated a building. It is believed that the community of St. Andrews derived its name from this church. In 1949, . . . — Map (db m21532) HM
South Carolina (Lexington County), Irmo — 32-19 — Town of Irmo
[Front]: The Town of Irmo was established in a small farming community when the Columbia, Newberry and Laurens Railroad constructed its line here in february of 1890. The town was incorporated by the SC General Assembly in December of . . . — Map (db m21525) HM
South Carolina (Lexington County), Lexington — Cotton Gin
This c. 1850 building once stood north of the Saluda River in the Dutch Forks Pineridge area. Turned by one or two mules or horses, the wooden gears underneath powered the saw-toothed gin upstairs to extract seed from raw cotton. Working eight . . . — Map (db m22042) HM
South Carolina (Lexington County), Lexington — Daniel Koon House
This c. 1810 cottage was built on Bear Creek southeast of present Chapin by the family of Daniel Koon (1810-1876) who, with a secession of three wives, fathered 14 children. Self-taught, he spoke four languages and was well-known for his talent in . . . — Map (db m21967) HM
South Carolina (Lexington County), Lexington — Hazelius House
Built c. 1820 by the Gross family and bought by the Lutheran Synod in 1834, this house served as home to the Lutheran Seminary's headmaster, Dr. Ernest Hazelius, during that school's location here 1834-1858. Theologian, historian, . . . — Map (db m21954) HM
South Carolina (Lexington County), Lexington — John Fox House
Built on this site c. 1832, this vernacular farm house was home to the family of John Fox (1805-1884), whose plantation, The Point, was located 3 miles northwest of here. Fox served as Sheriff, Clerk of Court, Representative, and Senator for . . . — Map (db m22026) HM
South Carolina (Lexington County), Lexington — John Fox House
Built on this site c. 1832, this vernacular farm house was home to the family of John Fox (1805-1884), whose plantation, The Point, was located 3 miles northwest of here. Fox served as Sheriff, Clerk of Court, Representative, and Senator for . . . — Map (db m22032) HM
South Carolina (Lexington County), Lexington — Kitchen
This kitchen, built c. 1825 in Batesburg-Leesville by planter Joel Ridgell (1798-1870) whose second wide was a sister of John Fox, is almost identical to the kitchen that originally stood here from 1832 until demolished c. 1920. Each kitchen served . . . — Map (db m22034) HM
South Carolina (Lexington County), Lexington — Lake Murray
. . . — Map (db m22218) HM
South Carolina (Lexington County), Lexington — 32-28 — Laurence Corley House
[Front]: This log house was built ca. 1771 by Laurance Corley (1742-1815), whose plantation of over 1700 acres occupied much of present-day Lexington. Corley later served in Capt. Gabriel Friday's militia company during the Revolution. . . . — Map (db m22010) HM
South Carolina (Lexington County), Lexington — 32-22 — Lexington Baptist Church
This church was constituted May 21, 1893, with ten charter members. The original one-room frame building, dedicated 1894 and located on land given by James C. Fort, was across Main Street about 600 feet east of here. The congregation of about 150 . . . — Map (db m22198) HM
South Carolina (Lexington County), Lexington — Lexington County Confederate Monument
[Southeast] Lexington's valiant sons who went forth to battle for their country's cause. And gave their lives in the service of the Confederate States. A.D. 1861-1865. [Crossed Swords] [List of Names] To . . . — Map (db m22182) HM
South Carolina (Lexington County), Lexington — Lexington County Veterans Monument
Obelisk [South] "I do not believe that the men who served in uniform in Vietnam have been given the credit they deserve. It was a difficult war against an unorthodox enemy." Gen. Wm. C. Westmoreland . . . — Map (db m88502) WM
South Carolina (Lexington County), Lexington — Lexington County World War I Monument
[Southeast] A tribute to the soldiers, sailors, and marines of Lexington County who gave their lives in the World War. 1917 ----- 1918 [Northwest] African-American Veterans Allen, James A.; Buzard, Fred; . . . — Map (db m22184) HM
South Carolina (Lexington County), Lexington — 32-2 — Lexington Courthouses
On this site or close by have stood five courthouses of Lexington District or County. In 1820 Barbara Corley deeded land in the present town for a centrally located courthouse. A later ante-bellum building was burned Feb. 17, 1865 by Sherman. Two . . . — Map (db m22053) HM
South Carolina (Lexington County), Lexington — Oak Grove Schoolhouse
This old field-school was built c. 1815 in the Oak Grove area approximately five miles east of here. Typical of early educational facilities in South Carolina, it was a private community school somewhat subsidized with state funds from the Free . . . — Map (db m22012) HM
South Carolina (Lexington County), Lexington — Old Time Religion
Around 1888 near this site, Charles D. Tillman was conducting a tent revival and first heard the local Negro spiritual "Old Time Religion." Tillman had the song leader assist him in notating the music and lyrics. It is now seen in . . . — Map (db m22199) HM
South Carolina (Lexington County), Lexington — Post Office
Built c. 1790 as a lawyer's office at Granby on the Congaree River, this building was rolled to the new county seat called Lexington Courthouse in 1820 and was used as a medical office for Dr. Thomas Simmons (1794-1853). His widow, Mary, . . . — Map (db m21937) HM
South Carolina (Lexington County), Lexington — 32-20 — Providence Church
Lutheran church said est. 1862. Admitted to the synod 1866. Present remodeled building, built by 1869, is on land deeded church by Jacob Rauch family. — Map (db m21936) HM
South Carolina (Lexington County), Lexington — 32-24 — St. Stephen's Church
This Lutheran Church, founded by 1830, and the earliest church in Lexington, dedicated its first-known house of worship on this site in 1831. In 1865 Union troops under Wm. T. Sherman burned the structure. The congregation's second building, . . . — Map (db m22208) HM
South Carolina (Lexington County), Lexington — 32-11 — The Sycamore Tree
This tree was planted from a cutting of the old sycamore tree that stood several hundred feet west of here on the historic Two Notch Road. Local tradition holds that there had been a succession of sycamore trees at that site used as a landmark or . . . — Map (db m47549) HM
South Carolina (Lexington County), Lexington — 39-12 — Tomb of Dr. E.L. Hazelius
At this site is the grave of the Reverend Ernest L. Hazelius, 1777-1853, Lutheran clergyman, Doctor of Divinity, teacher, and author of several books on church history and theology. From 1834 to 1853, he was professor of theology in the Lutheran . . . — Map (db m22211) HM
South Carolina (Lexington County), Lexington — 32-36 — World War II Bombing Ranges
[Front]: Lake Murray islands, most notably Lunch Island (since 1945 also called Bomb Island or Doolittle Island), Shull Island, and Dreher Island, were used as bombing ranges during World War II. B-25 crews from the Columbia Army Air . . . — Map (db m21535) HM
South Carolina (Lexington County), Lexington — 32-16 — Zion Lutheran Church / Dreher's Fort
Zion Lutheran Church This congregation, the oldest continuing church in Lexington County, originated with pioneers who settled in this area in the 1740s. Organized at Zion in 1787 was the "Corpus Evangelicum," consisting of fifteen . . . — Map (db m21558) HM
South Carolina (Lexington County), Peters — 32-29 — St. Peter's (Meetze's) Lutheran Church
This church, organized in 1780, held services in German and English until 1874. In 1835 it aligned with the Tennessee Synod and remained in it until 1922, when St. Peter's reunited with the South Carolina Synod. This 1953 sanctuary is the fourth . . . — Map (db m46123) HM
South Carolina (Lexington County), Pine Ridge — 32-25 — Camp Moore
This military post, also known as Camp Styx,was begun here in 1913 as a National Guard training center. The base sent men to a Mexican border disturbance after Pres. Woodrow Wilson mobilized the guard, 1916. The 1st Infantry Regiment, later the . . . — Map (db m39078) HM
South Carolina (Lexington County), Sandy Run — Herman Geiger
Dedicated to the Memory of Herman Geiger Father ~ Hans Jacob Gyger, Born 1679, at village of Wydnau, Parish of Diapololsau, Switzerland. Mother ~ Margareta Fearin Gyger of same place, born 1684. Herman Geiger (Gyger) Born (or Christened) . . . — Map (db m52469) HM
South Carolina (Lexington County), Springdale — 32-35 — Springdale
This community, which was incorporated as Springdale in 1955, was known as Long Branch for many years and named for a nearby branch of the Congaree River. At the turn of the twentieth century it was a farming community along both sides of Platt . . . — Map (db m39160) HM
South Carolina (Lexington County), West Columbia — “City of Columbia” Anchor
Anchor from C. S. N. “City of Columbia” ---------- Donated by Mrs. Lemuel Hall In memory of Lemuel Hall Mayor of West Columbia for 24 years — Map (db m67489) HM
South Carolina (Lexington County), West Columbia — 32-17 — 319th Bombardment Group
Activated in 1942 and stationed here at Columbia Army Air Base February through April of 1945, the 319th participated in many World War II campaigns in Europe and the Pacific. The group has recieved numerous honors, including two . . . — Map (db m10741) HM
South Carolina (Lexington County), West Columbia — 32-21 — Bombardment Groups
In 1942 the 310th, 321st, 340th groups trained here at Columbia Army Air Base for World War II. All participated in 9 campaigns and each received 2 Distinguished Unit Citations. — Map (db m10901) HM
South Carolina (Lexington County), West Columbia — 32-13 — Columbia Army Air Base / The Doolittle Raiders
Columbia Army Air Base Built during 1941 as the Lexington County Airport, this airfield became the Columbia Army Air Base shortly after the U.S. entered World War II in December, 1941. The base was used to train crews for medium bombardment . . . — Map (db m10680) HM
South Carolina (Lexington County), West Columbia — Delingo SchoolPineview Historical Recognition Site
From 1900 until 1916 Lexington County School District No. 68 operated a public school on this site. The building consisted of a single room where one teacher taught an average of 30 students of all grades. — Map (db m69553) HM
South Carolina (Lexington County), West Columbia — Friday’s Ferry
This ferry was named after the German settler Martin Fridig, who changed his name to Friday. He came to the area about 1735. In 1754 Friday received permission from the Colonial assembly in Charleston to operate a ferry across the Congaree near . . . — Map (db m67762) HM
South Carolina (Lexington County), West Columbia — Gervais Street Bridge
This 1,412-foot-long arch bridge opened in 1927. At the time, the bridge was considered exceptional because of its innovative use of reinforced concrete and because it was the widest roadway in South Carolina. The Gervais Street Bridge was the only . . . — Map (db m67761) HM
South Carolina (Lexington County), West Columbia — Milestones
A milestone was one of a series of numbered markers placed along a road or other type of boundary at intervals of one mile, or occasionally, parts of a mile. These stone markers indicated either the distance traveled or the remaining distance . . . — Map (db m67771) HM
South Carolina (Lexington County), West Columbia — 32-15 — Mt. Hebron United Methodist Church / Temperance Hall
Mt. Hebron United Methodist Church This congregation, organized ca. 1800 in the home of Martin Hook, built its first house of worship at the Half Way Ground, near here. In 1837 a new church was erected at this site on land donated by John and . . . — Map (db m21598) HM
South Carolina (Lexington County), West Columbia — Old Congaree River Bridges
Before a bridge was attempted at this location, earlier bridges farther down river had been built, but were washed away in floods. Consequently, for more than 30 years only ferry service provided transportation across the river. In 1827 the . . . — Map (db m67766) HM
South Carolina (Lexington County), West Columbia — River Inn, c. 1740s
The transacting of Public Business on Saturdays . . . are executed at Taverns [where] there is more Company of a Saturday, than in the Church on Sunday.”The Rev. Charles Woodmason. “Sermon at the Congarees.” C. . . . — Map (db m67758) HM
South Carolina (Lexington County), West Columbia — 32-32 — Saluda Factory Cemetery
This cemetery, thought to contain graves of supervisors and workers in the post-Civil War community of Saludaville, includes 31 marked graves and between 525 and 900 total burials. The Saluda Factory was a modest success before the war and was . . . — Map (db m39236) HM
South Carolina (Lexington County), West Columbia — Saluda Factory Ruins
The Saluda Factory, built in 1834, was one of the first water-powered textile mills in South Carolina. During the Civil War the mill manufactured material used in making shirts and woolen uniforms for the Confederate Army. This area saw . . . — Map (db m45045) HM
South Carolina (Lexington County), West Columbia — 32-5 — Shelling of Columbia
Prior to the capture of Columbia by Gen. William T. Sherman, Federal artillery shelled the city on February 16, 1865, from the batteries on this hill and in the road at this end of the Congaree River bridge. Shots were fired at the Arsenal (site . . . — Map (db m21652) HM
South Carolina (Lexington County), West Columbia — 32-7 — The Cherokee Path
Before the Revolution, two major trading routes came together near here. Branching to the west was the road to New Windsor Township on the Savannah. The Cherokee Path extended north to Ninety Six and south through Saxe Gotha Township on the . . . — Map (db m43791) HM
South Carolina (Lexington County), West Columbia — 32-13B — The Doolittle Raiders
In February 1942, twenty-four B-25 bomber crews of the 17th Bombardment Group at Columbia Army Air Base volunteered to take part in a secret project headed by Lt. Col. James H. Doolittle. This group was the nucleus of the Doolittle Raiders . . . — Map (db m11984) HM

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