|Kansas (Linn County), Cadmus — Cadmus War Memorial|
In honor of the Veterans of the
Civil War 1861-1865
In honor of the Soldiers, Sailors
and Marines who served in the
World War 1917-1918
In honor of the Loyal Women
of this community
In honor of the Veterans of the
Spanish-American War 1898
Dedicated Nov. 11, 1919 — Map (db m34551) HM|
|Kansas (Linn County), Centerville — "Quah-Kah-Ka-Num-Ad" — Rose Philippine Duchesne|
This memorial is dedicated to:
"Woman Who Prays Always".
Rose Philippine Duchesne was a nun of the
Society of the Sacred Heart of Jesus,
a teaching order.
She taught Indian children here in 1841.
She was cannonized [sic] a Saint on July 3, 1988. — Map (db m70633) HM|
|Kansas (Linn County), Centerville — [Potawatomi] Trail of Death — Indiana to Kansas|
Sept. 4 - Nov. 5, 1838
61 Day March
(Map showing path) — Map (db m70608) HM|
|Kansas (Linn County), Centerville — [Potawatomi] Trail of Death|
The removal of the Potawatomi Indians from northern Indiana to Kansas took place Sept. - Nov. 1838. Nearly 900 Indians were rounded up by soldiers and marched at gun point for 61 days. So many died on the way and were buried by the roadside that it is called the Trail of Death.
The First Week
Thursday 30th Aug. - Monday 3rd Sept. Twin Lakes, Plymouth Indiana. Gen. John Tipton captured Menominee's village, closed Father Petit's chapel, send squads of soldiers in all directions to . . . — Map (db m70609) HM|
|Kansas (Linn County), Centerville — Blacksmith Shop|
The hundreds of hand wrought metal items found at this site indicates that a blacksmith shop existed here in the 1800's.
Among the items found were parts of wagon wheels, cooking utensils, muskets, nails, scissors, grading tools, hammers, door latches, locks[,] cow bells, chains, and hundreds of unidentified pieces.
An unfinished horse shoe probably indicated that the site was abandoned abruptly. — Map (db m70539) HM|
|Kansas (Linn County), Centerville — Daily Offering|
This granite depiction of St. Philippine and two American Indians is an enlarged copy of a 3" x 5" sketch done by an unknown nun of St. Charles, Mo. Lawrence Branstetter of Bruce Marble in Fort Scott copied and enlarged the design using a sandblast technique on granite / the coloring used has a life expectancy of 40 years outdoors.
The Stations of the Cross were also done by Mr. Branstetter using the same technique. — Map (db m70656) HM|
|Kansas (Linn County), Centerville — Father Petit and the Potawatomi 'Trail of Death' — (Indiana to Kansas, September 4 - November 4, 1838)|
Rev. Benjamin Marie Petit, of the City of Rennes, France, arrived as the Catholic missionary to the Potawatomi Indians in northern Indiana in November 1837. By June 1838, he had learned much of their difficult language and their culture, and had instructed and baptized many. "'We were orphans,' they said to me, 'and as if in darkness, but you appeared among us like a great light, and we live'," Father Petit wrote to his mother in France. The Indians begged their "Father Black Robe" . . . — Map (db m70652) HM|
|Kansas (Linn County), Centerville — Father Petit and the Trail of Death|
Father Benjamin Marie Petit, a missionary to the Potawatomi in northern Indiana, accompanied them on the forced removal in 1838. He ministered to their needs, both spiritual and physical. He baptized the dying children, "whose first step was from the land of exile to the bliss of heaven." Petit's letters to Bishop Brute of Vincennes were published by the Indiana Historical Society in 1941. His letters vividly describe the hardships of the trek as they "marched in line and surrounded by . . . — Map (db m70635) HM|
|Kansas (Linn County), Centerville — Ft. Scott and California Road|
This road was used by settlers going to Ft. Scott, where groups going to California and New Mexico were escorted by the U.S. Calvary [sic - Cavalry]
This is the only section of the road to still exist — Map (db m70540) HM|
|Kansas (Linn County), Centerville — Kanza Indian Site?|
The rock lined pits in this area pre-date the arrival of the Potawatomi Indians. Theories are that they may have been used for seed or food storage. The rocks here are shaped differently than any other in the area and their origin is uncertain. It is not clear if the Potawatomie used the pits but they did build on the site. Located in this area were Rosary beads, an 1810 American coin, religious medals dated 1830 with French & Latin inscriptions, glazed European pottery with Roman & Grecian . . . — Map (db m70575) HM|
|Kansas (Linn County), Centerville — Log Cabin School — October 9, 1841|
On this site a log cabin with stone foundation was built for St. Philippine Duchesne and two other nuns. The work was done by the Pottawatomie Indians under the directions of black master carpenter Edmund who had accompanied the nuns to Kansas from St. Charles Mo. The cabin was 19'x 19' and was used as a school room for Indian girls. The loft served as a sleeping area for the nuns. — Map (db m70640) HM|
|Kansas (Linn County), Centerville — Log Convent|
On this site stood a
five room log convent
completed mid March 1842 — Map (db m70639) HM|
|Kansas (Linn County), Centerville — Potawatomi "Trail of Death" march & death of Fr. Petit|
[Map] Designates 1838 'Trail of Death' route from Indiana to present day Osawatomie, Kans.
In September 1838 over 850 Potawatomi Indian people were rounded up and marched at gunpoint from their Indiana homeland. Many walked the 600-mile distance, which took two months. More than 40 died, mostly children, of typhoid fever and the stress of the forced removal. Their young priest, Rev. Benjamin M. Petit, also became ill on the trail and died shortly thereafter near this location in St. . . . — Map (db m70654) HM|
|Kansas (Linn County), Centerville — Potawatomi Burial Ground — Memorial|
This place is in memory of more than 600 Catholic Potawatomi Indians buried in this field and down by the river far from their ancestral home of the Great Lakes Area.
Their names are incribed [sic] on the crosses
May they rest in peace — Map (db m70655) HM|
|Kansas (Linn County), Centerville — Priests House|
Some of the Jesuit priests who lived and served here
Fr. Christian Hoecken • Fr. Francis Renaud • Fr. Felix Vanquickenborne • Fr. Peter John Verhaegen • Fr. Peter Desmet • Fr. Fleix [sic] Verreydt • Fr. John Baptist Smedts • Fr. Herman Aelen
With many trials and hardships for the love of God and their fellowman.
A.M.D.G. — Map (db m70638) HM|
|Kansas (Linn County), Centerville — Saint Kateri Tekakwitha Onkweonweke Katsitsiio Teotsitsianekaron — (The Fairest Flower That Ever Bloomed Among The Red Men) — 1656 - 1680 (Died at Age 24)|
Kateri was an Indian princess. Her father Kenneronkwa was a chief of the Mohawk-Iroquois (Turtle Clan). Her mother was Kahenta of the Algonquin tribe.
This young Indian maiden is honored on July 14 as the first North American Indian proposed for canonization in the Roman Catholic Church. She was canonized Oct. 2, 2012 by Pope Benedict XVI. She dedicated her life to prayer, penance, chastity, caring for the ill, and other acts of charity. Immediately before her death, her childhood . . . — Map (db m70641) HM|
|Kansas (Linn County), Centerville — St. Mary's Mission — St. Philippine Duchesne Memorial Park|
Sugar Creek Mission
1839 - 1849
after a forced march from
A Journey Called
"Trail of Death" — Map (db m70574) HM|
|Kansas (Linn County), Centerville — St. Philippine Duchesne Memorial and Historical Park|
This is the Memorial and Historical Park dedicated to St. Philippine Duchesne and the Big Sugar/St. Mary Indian Mission, established 1838 to 1848.
The official Shrine to St. Philippine Duchesne is located in Sacred Heart Catholic Church in Mound City, Ks. (38.142101, -94.818234 GPS).
Approx. 13 miles southeast of this location on K-7 and K-52.
For entrance to the Shrine please contact
785-221-1210, 913-795-0272 or 913-795-2896. — Map (db m70632) HM|
|Kansas (Linn County), Lacygne — World War II Memorial|
Proudly we pay tribute to
Members of our Community
who served in the Armed Forces
in World War II — Map (db m69219) WM|
|Kansas (Linn County), Mound City — James Montgomery Ballot Box|
|Free Stater claimed voters deceived on slavery issue by Pro-slavery forces Jan. 1858 smashed ballot box scattering votes. — Map (db m21800) HM|
|Kansas (Linn County), Mound City — Mound City Civil War Memorial|
|In memory of the
officers and soldiers
buried within this cemetery
who gave their lives
in defence of the Union.
National Cemetery Plot
In 1865 National Cemetery Plot No. 1 was laid out by the Government for soldiers killed in the Battle of Mine Creek.
Linn County Historical Society — Map (db m21798) HM|
|Kansas (Linn County), Pleasanton — After the Battle|
Nearby homes were converted into makeshift hospitals where wounded were treated before being sent to larger hospitals in Mound City, Fort Scott, and Fort Leavenworth. Union soldiers killed in battle were buried in cemeteries within these same towns. Some Confederate soldiers were buried on the battlefield in unmarked graves.
The Union victory at Mine Creek forced Price's army out of Kansas and ended the Confederate threat to the state. The battle was one of the last significant . . . — Map (db m67435) HM|
|Kansas (Linn County), Pleasanton — 47 — Battle of Mine Creek|
|In October, 1864, a Confederate army under Gen. Stirling Price was defeated near Kansas City. He retreated south, crossed into Kansas, and camped at Trading Post. Early on the morning of October 25 Union troops under Generals Pleasonton, Blunt and Curtis forced him from this position, and a few hours later the battle of Mine Creek was fought over these fields. Confederate forces were thrown into confusion as they tried to cross the steep, slippery banks of the stream. In the close fighting on . . . — Map (db m6937) HM|
|Kansas (Linn County), Pleasanton — Battle of Mine Creek|
|Upon this rolling prairie and across Mine Creek occurred the largest Civil War battle in Kansas. It also was one of the largest cavalry battles of the Civil War. Nearly 8,000 Confederate soldiers clashed with 2,500 Union troops. The battle lasted less than one hour. Many Confederates were captured and more than 600 were killed or wounded. Union casualties numbered approximately 120. This decisive Union victory contributed to the defeat of the 1864 Confederate invasion of Missouri and Kansas. . . . — Map (db m20261) HM|
|Kansas (Linn County), Pleasanton — Battle of Mine Creek — October 25, 1864|
|Of the approximately 600 Confederate casualties in this battle, many of those killed in action were buried in unmarked graves on this battlefield.
Most of the dead were from Marmaduke's Missouri Cavalry Division and Fagan's Arkansas Cavalry Division of Major General Sterling Price's Army of Missouri.
Known but to God, they gave their lives in the defence of their country, fighting for the ideals in which they believed. We dedicate this memorial in their honor. May they rest in peace for all eternity. — Map (db m20264) HM|
|Kansas (Linn County), Pleasanton — Cavalry|
The battle at Mine Creek was one of the largest cavalry battles of the Civil War. Thousands of men and horses took part in the engagement.
Cavalry regiments played an important role. In the beginning they supported the infantry and artillery and screened their movements from the enemy. They also gathered information as to the whereabouts and strength of enemy troops. After victorious battles they pursued and harassed the retreating troops; in a defeat they covered the rear of their . . . — Map (db m78168) HM|
|Kansas (Linn County), Pleasanton — Cavalry Horses|
Throughout the war a variety of horses were used by both sides. Morgans, American Saddlebreds, Thoroughbreds, Standardbreds, and Quarter Horses are only a few. The ideal horse was a mare or a gelding, aged four or five years, with a height of 56 to 64 inches (14 to 16 hands) at the shoulders.
The Union army purchased horses while Confederates brought their own mounts from home. When a horse was sick, injured, or killed, the Confederate soldier had 60 days to replace his mount at his own . . . — Map (db m78166) HM|
|Kansas (Linn County), Pleasanton — Combat at State Line|
Near Kansas City, Union troops clashed with Price's army in a series of battles:
October 19 in Lexington
October 21 at the Little Blue River
October 22 at the Big Blue River
October 23 in Westport
The Battle of Westport was a stunning Confederate defeat. Price withdrew south with Union cavalry in close pursuit.
Early on the morning of October 25 a running skirmish developed over the nine miles between Trading Post and Mine Creek. When the Confederate rear guard arrived at . . . — Map (db m67400) HM|
|Kansas (Linn County), Pleasanton — Conclusion of Price Campaign|
When Major General Sterling Price commenced his invasion of Missouri he had several objectives. By the time he reached Indian Territory (present-day Oklahoma) in November, not a single objective had been met. He failed to take St. Louis and Jefferson City, and he did not install a Confederate governor in Missouri. He had to destroy the huge wagon train of much needed supplies and most of the new recruits deserted on the retreat from Mine Creek.
Following Price's retreat the Confederate . . . — Map (db m78160) HM|
|Kansas (Linn County), Pleasanton — Confederate Defeat|
Although the Confederates greatly outnumbered the Union troops at Mine Creek, the Union army clearly had an advantage with its weapons. The Confederates were armed with long muzzle-loading infantry rifles, which were difficult to reload on horseback. They were no match for the Union troops' shorter breech-loading carbines, which were quickly reloaded at the rear of the barrel. Many Confederates fired one shot then turned their horses and fled. Others stayed and used their rifles as clubs . . . — Map (db m67409) HM|
|Kansas (Linn County), Pleasanton — Lieutenant Colonel Frederick W. Benteen Memorial Bridge|
Dedicated to the memory of those who served to preserve the Union during the Civil War, 1861-1865
This bridge was donated and installed to provide access to the main ford of Mine Creek
April 2005 — Map (db m78188) WM|
|Kansas (Linn County), Pleasanton — Mine Creek Battlefield Aerial Overlay|
This present day photo of Mine Creek Battlefield with overlays highlights the positions of Union and Confederate troops at 11 a.m. on October 25, 1864. Note where you are positioned in relationship to the events of that day.
The woods and farm fields were not present in 1864. The Mine Creek area was prairie with a few farm fields and some trees at the creek. — Map (db m67380) HM|
|Kansas (Linn County), Pleasanton — Nursing the Wounded|
When the armies moved south, hundreds of dead and wounded men were left behind on the battlefield. As soon as the shooting stopped civilians from nearby homes offered assistance.
Men "had fallen all about the house and crawled away to fence corners or brush. When all the wounded were taken from the field we went to the hospital which was established in a cabin north of the creek. Here indeed was a sickening scene, men wounded in almost every way possible. Some were bearing their pain . . . — Map (db m78162) HM|
|Kansas (Linn County), Pleasanton — Price's Raid|
One of the largest cavalry battles of the Civil War was fought in the fields around Mine Creek.
In August 1864 Confederate Major General Sterling Price received orders to invade Missouri. He was to bring Missouri into the confederacy and at the same time weaken Abraham Lincoln's chance at reelection. To accomplish his objectives, Price intended to:
• capture St. Louis
• capture Jefferson City and install a Confederate governor in the capitol
• collect supplies and weapons . . . — Map (db m67398) HM|
|Kansas (Linn County), Pleasanton — The Battle Begins|
With two brigades of 2,500 Union cavalrymen bearing down upon them, the Confederate rear guard formed a skirmish line. This maneuver delayed Union troops long enough for the Confederates to establish a main line of defense 800 yards south. The two Confederate cavalry divisions numbered approximately 7,000.
The field was wet and muddy from the previous night's rain, and hundreds of horses and wagons had trampled the ground. In spite of the precarious conditions, both sides quickly moved . . . — Map (db m67408) HM|
|Kansas (Linn County), Pleasanton — The Fort Scott Road|
| The Fort Scott Road ran in a north/south direction just east of the fence line. As it approached Mine Creek it veered to the southwest. This road paralled [sic] the route of present-day U.S. 69 Highway. Because this was a "running" engagement, the road played a central role in Price's raid generally and in the Battle of Mine Creek in particular. — Map (db m50161) HM|
|Kansas (Linn County), Pleasanton — Stop F — Two Mounted Armies Collide|
| Captain Richard Hinton was with the Union soldiers as they approached from the north. As the "timber of Mine Creek" came into view, Hinton wrote,
the enemy were discovered in great force formed in line of battle upon the north side of the stream....From our front to the rebel lines, the ground formed a gentle descent. On the right, and a little to our front, was a farm house and fences. To our extreme left and front was a slight swale, the timber and the creek, then a rising corn field . . . — Map (db m50170) HM|
|Kansas (Linn County), Pleasanton — Union Charge|
When the Union charge commenced the 10th Missouri Cavalry, USA, started forward with a yell and bugles blaring, but half-way down the slope the men hesitated and stopped when the Confederates showed no sign of breaking.
Union Lieutenant Colonel Frederick W. Benteen (later of Little Big Horn fame) rode out front, shouting and waving his sword for his men to continue, but they stood frozen in their tracks, intimidated by a force three times their size.
As the 10th Missouri faltered, . . . — Map (db m67445) HM|
|Kansas (Linn County), Prescott — Prescott Rural High School — 1924|
This property has been
placed on the
of Historic Places
by the United States
Department of the Interior — Map (db m64662) HM|
|Kansas (Linn County), Prescott — Prescott School — 1883|
This property has been
placed on the
of Historic Places
by the United States
Department of the Interior — Map (db m64659) HM|
|Kansas (Linn County), Prescott — War Memorial|
Dedicated to the Glory of God and the honored memory of those men whose patriotic service and sacrifice have helped make American war efforts successful in the Cause of Humanity.
World War II
2nd LT. G. Guilard Long 1944
PFC Donald J. Grimes 1944
Cpl Jackie E. Parsons 1951
PFC Gerald W. Springer 1968 — Map (db m64664) WM|
|Kansas (Linn County), Trading Post — Marais des Cygnes Massacre|
|Nothing in the struggle over slavery in Kansas did more to inflame the nation than the mass killing which took place May 19, 1858, about four miles northeast of this marker. Charles Hamelton who had been driven from the territory by Free-State men, retaliated by invading the county with about thirty Missourians. Capturing 11 Free-State men, he marched them to a ravine and lined them up before a firing squad. Five were killed, five were wounded, and one escaped by feigning death. The site and . . . — Map (db m4359) HM|
|Kansas (Linn County), Trading Post — Marais des Cygnes Massacre State Historic Site Trail|
| A Nation at Odds
The mid 1800s were a time of turmoil and tragedy in the U.S. The issue of slavery polarized the nation. It created a moral, political, and economic dilemma. The struggle over slavery ultimately led to the Civil War, splitting the Northern and the Southern states.
Tension in Kansas Territory
The Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854 created Kansas Territory. The voters of the territory would decide if it was to be a free or slave state. (The state of Missouri lies 1,200 . . . — Map (db m39862) HM|
|Kansas (Linn County), Trading Post — Marais Du Cygne Martyrs Memorial|
Rev. B. L. Read
John F. Campbell
William A Stilwell
On the 19th day of May 1858, the men whose names appear on this monument were taken from their daily avocations by a band of armed border ruffians and marched to a deep ravine four miles east of this place and there shot and left for dead.
Their only offense was was . . . — Map (db m20113) HM|
|Kansas (Linn County), Trading Post — Murder on the Marais des Cygnes|
| The bloodiest single incident in the Kansas-Missouri border struggles, 1854-1861, occurred May 19, 1858, when about 30 Proslavery Missourians seized 11 Kansas Free-State men near Trading Post and marched them to a ravine 225 yards northwest of this marker. Lining up their prisoners, they callously shot them down, killing five and wounding five others. One escaped injury by feigning death. Northerners were horrified, and John Greenleaf Whittier immortalized the fallen in a poem, "Le Marais du . . . — Map (db m39861) HM|
|Kansas (Linn County), Trading Post — Sounds along the byway...anxiety and anticipation in the creak of wagon wheels. — Frontier Military Historic Byway|
| Westward bound settlers crossed and traveled the Frontier Military Road as they headed to new land and new lives. These migrants faced the unknown with anxiety and anticipation in search of a better life. The Sante Fe Trail, the Oregon Trail and the California Trail crossed the Frontier Military Road near what is now the Kansas City metropolitan area. — Map (db m33942) HM|
|Kansas (Linn County), Trading Post — Sounds along the byway...auto, trucks and buses. — Frontier Military Historic Byway|
| Today's Frontier Military Scenic Byway visitors travel at higher speeds and in greater numbers than those who traveled the Frontier Military Road in the 1800s. Vehicles protect today's travelers from the weather, and our roadways of today keep travelers from getting stuck in mud or creeks. — Map (db m33934) HM|
|Kansas (Linn County), Trading Post — Sounds along the byway...fur traders bringing their goods. — Frontier Military Historic Byway|
| In 1825, Cyprian Chouteau, of the Chouteau family that founded St. Louis, Missouri, came to this area to open a trading post. The Choteau family members were extensive fur traders in the Missouri River Valley and present-day eastern Kansas and Oklahoma. Fur, whiskey and pro- and anti-slavery barbs were traded. The town of Trading Post remains today. — Map (db m33936) HM|
|Kansas (Linn County), Trading Post — Sounds along the byway...saws, picks and axes. — Frontier Military Historic Byway|
| "The ax, pick, saw and trowel, has become more the implement of the American soldier than the cannon, musket or sword."
Colonel Zachary Taylor, 1820
In 1836, President Andrew Jackson authorized $100,000 to build a military road from Fort Snelling, Minnesota to Fort Gibson in present day Oklahoma. The road was to be used for frontier defense and a patrol system, and later for commerce. In 1844 the Quartermaster General requested funds to repair all of the bridges and road surfaces that had . . . — Map (db m33939) HM|
|Kansas (Linn County), Trading Post — Sounds along the roadway...soldiers on the move. — Frontier Military Historic Byway|
| The Frontier Military Road was used to provide soldiers and supplies to the forts along the "Permanent Indian Frontier". Fort Leavenworth and Fort Scott were on the route in what is now eastern Kansas. The only major Civil War Battle in Kansas was fought at Mine Creek on October 25, 1864. This was the second largest cavalry battle in the Civil War where approximately 2,800 Union cavalrymen overwhelmed 8,000 Confederates. — Map (db m33940) HM|
|Kansas (Linn County), Trading Post — Sounds from the past...hoof beats and heartbeats. — Frontier Military Historic Byway|
| Pro- and anti-slavery forces made their way to this area on horseback and on foot in the fight over whether Kansas would be a free state or a slave state. Skirmishes, scuffles and screams could be heard in the woodlands nearby.
The Marias des Cygnes Massacre occurred just northeast of here on May 19, 1858 when pro-slavery forces came from Missouri and captured 11 free-state men, killing five of them in a ravine. In December, 1858, John Brown gathered 11 slaves in Missouri and brought them . . . — Map (db m33944) HM|
|Kansas (Linn County), Trading Post — Sounds of the byway...moccasins and tears. — Frontier Military Historic Byway|
| Potawatomi Tribal members were marched from Indiana in 1838 to be relocated on Indian Territory lands. The march was long and arduous. Many Potawatomi, especially children and the elderly, died of illness along the way. Those who survived the journey were settled temporarily near present-day Osawatomie and then relocated to their present home near Mayetta, Kansas. — Map (db m33946) HM|