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Loudoun County Virginia Historical Markers

 
BUSHROD LYNN Marker image, Click for more information
By John Harrison, August 28, 2016
BUSHROD LYNN Marker
Virginia (Loudoun County), Airmont — T 54 — Bushrod Lynn(1842-1917)
Bushrod Lynn was born in Loudoun County in 1842 and lived here at East Lynn. From 1891 to 1897, Lynn served as superintendent of the Virginia Penitentiary. During a period characterized by harsh prison conditions, Lynn instituted prison reforms that . . . — Map (db m97269) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Aldie — Aldie Mill
In the 1800s and early 1900s Aldie Mill reverberated with the rhythmic sounds of waterwheels, millstones, and farmers chatting with the miller about the weather and their crops. Charles Fenton Mercer located the grist mill here to capitalize on . . . — Map (db m1486) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Aldie — America's Oldest Agriculture College
A mile north of here, on Oatlands Road, stands the stone and stucco building, erected in 1854 as Loudoun and Mechanical Institute. Its three founders were prominent County agrarian scientists. Unfortunately, America's first agricultural college, . . . — Map (db m18362) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Aldie — Battle of Aldie17 June 1863
(East Side of Marker) Facing the Confederate Position. On the afternoon of June 17, 1863, cavalry from the Army of the Potomac under General Alfred Pleasonton and the Army of Northern Virginia under General JEB Stuart battled each . . . — Map (db m1547) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Aldie — Battle of AldieThe Fight Begins — Gettysburg Campaign
(Preface): After Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee's stunning victory at Chancellorsville in May 1863, he led the Army of Northern Virginia west to the Shenandoah Valley, then north through central Maryland and across the Mason-Dixon Line into . . . — Map (db m3742) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Aldie — Lee Moves North AgainScreening Lee's Infantry — Gettysburg Campaign
(Preface): After Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee's stunning victory at Chancellorsville in May 1863, he led the Army of Northern Virginia west to the Shenandoah Valley, then north through central Maryland and across the Mason-Dixon Line into . . . — Map (db m3750) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Aldie — Z 281 — Loudoun County / Prince William County
LOUDOUN COUNTY, area 519 square miles. Formed in 1757 from Fairfax and named for Lord Loudoun, titular governor of Virginia and head of the British forces in America, 1756-1758. Oak Hill, President James Monroe's home, is in this County. PRINCE . . . — Map (db m64583) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Aldie — B 28 — Mercer’s Home
Aldie was the home of Charles Fenton Mercer (born 1778, died 1858), liberal statesman. Mercer was a congressman (1817-1839) and a member of the Virginia constitutional convention of 1829-30, in which he advocated manhood suffrage. His attempt in . . . — Map (db m1464) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Aldie — F 15 — Mother of Stonewall Jackson
In this vicinity (and according to tradition two miles east at peach orchard) was born Julia Beckwith Neale, mother of Stonewall Jackson, February 29, 1798. She married Jonathan Jackson in 1818 and died, October 1831. — Map (db m1428) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Aldie — Mt. Zion Church
Mt. Zion Old School Baptist Church was founded in 1851. Just west of the church is a graveyard containing many 19th century grave markers. On July 6, 1864 nearby, Mosby's Rangers attacked and routed 150 Union cavalrymen. Over 100 Union soldiers were . . . — Map (db m55727) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Aldie — F 4 — President Monroe’s Home
The house to the North is Oak Hill. Designed by Thomas Jefferson for James Monroe, it was built about 1823. Monroe lived there for some years. — Map (db m1452) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Aldie — Sergeant Major John Champe
Here was the home of Sergeant Major John Champe, Continental Army, who risked the inglorious death of a spy for the independence of his country. — Map (db m737) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Aldie — Snickersville Turnpike
Originally an Iroquois hunting trail, it became by 1786 the first recorded operating turnpike in America, praised by Thomas Jefferson. In 1810 the Virginia Assembly chartered the Snickers Gap Turnpike Company, authorizing three toll gates between . . . — Map (db m62422) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Ashburn — Ashburn Station
At least two different railroad stations stood where you are now standing. When the Alexandra, Loudoun & Hampshire Railroad (later the W&OD) arrived in 1860, the aptly named crossroads of Farmwell became one of the many rail stops that served . . . — Map (db m20282) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Ashburn — T-30 — Belmont
Belmont was patented early in the eighteenth century by Thomas Lee, of Stratford. About 1800, Ludwell Lee, an officer in the Revolutionary Army, built the house and he lived here until his death in 1836. Here he entertained Lafayette in 1825. In . . . — Map (db m980) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Ashburn — Norman's Station
The shelter or "waiting shed" in the photograph below stood across the road from where you are now located. Crossing the track was Norman's Station Road (now called Smith's Switch Road). These three-sided shelters were typical of many small stops . . . — Map (db m20277) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Bluemont — Bluemont Historic District
Bluemont Historic District has been registered as a Virginia Historic Landmark pursuant to the authority vested in the Virginia Historic Landmarks Commission Act of 1966. — Map (db m4023) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Brambleton — Lyon Family Cemetery and Pvt. Richard MoranHistory of the Northern Virginia Regional Parks
"Mount up, the Yankees are coming!" -Pvt. Richard Moran April 1, 1863 prior to the "Battle of Miskel's Farm" Pvt. Richard (Dick) Moran is buried at this site. Moran was a member of the 43rd Va. Cavalry and leading member of "Mosby's . . . — Map (db m20011) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Dover — B 33 — A Revolutionary War Hero
Near here stood the home of Sergeant Major John Champe (1752–1798), Continental soldier. Champe faked desertion and enlisted in Benedict Arnold's British command for the purpose of capturing the traitor. Failing in his attempt, Champe rejoined . . . — Map (db m1410) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Dover — B 22 — Cavalry Battles
In June 1863, Gen. Robert E. Lee led the Army of Northern Virginia through gaps in the nearby Blue Ridge Mountains and into the Shenandoah Valley to invade the North. Maj. Gen. J.E.B. Stuart’s cavalry corps screened the army from Federal . . . — Map (db m1454) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Dover — B 32 — Gettysburg Campaign
In June 1863, as Gen. Robert E. Lee led the Army of Northern Virginia through Blue Ridge gaps to the Shenandoah Valley, Maj. Gen. J.E.B. Stuart’s cavalry screened the army from Federal observation. The Union cavalry chief, Brig. Gen. Alfred . . . — Map (db m1416) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Dover — B 30 — Stuart and Bayard
After the Battle of Antietam on 17 Sept. 1862, Gen. Robert E. Lee and the Army of Northern Virginia recrossed the Potomac River into Virginia. After President Abraham Lincoln’s constant urging, the Union Army of the Potomac, led by Maj. Gen. George . . . — Map (db m1453) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Hamilton — Hamilton Station
One of the oldest on the line, Hamilton's train station dates from 1870. It was not in the original plan. When the Alexandria, Loudoun & Hampshire Railway (later the Washington & Old Dominion) was established in the 1840s, its owners intended to . . . — Map (db m26961) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Hamilton — T-52 — Major General Ben H. Fuller
Maj. Gen. Ben H. Fuller was born in Michigan on 27 Feb. 1870. He was graduated from the U.S. Navy Academy in 1889 and was commissioned a second lieutenant in the Marine Corps in 1891. Fuller married Katherine H. Offley on 26 Oct. 1862, and they . . . — Map (db m1194) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Hamilton — Tracks into HistoryThe Washington & Old Dominion Railroad
The railroad that became the Washington & Old Dominion was born in Alexandria in response to the competition in shipping posed by the port in Baltimore, which was served by the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad. The B&O was diverting farm produce from the . . . — Map (db m27066) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Hillsboro — John W. MobberlyBetween-the-Hills Partisan Leader
During the war, this valley southeast of the Federal base at Harpers Ferry between the Blue Ridge and Short Hill was known as "Between the Hills." The much-feared Confederate partisan leader Pvt. ("Captain") John W. Mobberly roamed here from 1863 to . . . — Map (db m91189) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Hillsboro — T 25 — Loudoun Heights Clash
Union Maj. Henry A. Cole’s 1st Maryland Cavalry was camped here on Loudoun Heights on 10 Jan. 1864 when Confederate Maj. John S. Mosby and Capt. Benjamin Franklin “Frank” Stringfellow attacked before dawn with about 100 mounted Partisan . . . — Map (db m1998) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Hillsboro — Old Potts Graveyard
David Potts, a quaker, established this cemetery from a portion of his farm. He migrated here from Philadelphia Co. Pa. and in 1746 leased 866 acres of land from Catesby Cocke which he later purchased. He was born about the year 1700 and died 1768. . . . — Map (db m22963) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Hillsboro — This Is the Birthplace of Susan Koerner Wright
Hillsboro, Loudoun County, Virginia. This is the birthplace of Susan Koerner Wright, April 30, 1831–July 4, 1889, mother of Wilbur and Orville Wright, inventors of the airplane. A notable woman who largely guided and wisely . . . — Map (db m979) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — 15th Massachusetts Infantry
The 15th Massachusetts Infantry provided an initial scouting patrol on the night of October 20 and the troops for the raiding party the next morning. Five companies, roughly 300 men, were to attack a Confederate camp. Devens positioned his men . . . — Map (db m2223) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — 17th Mississippi Infantry
The 17th Mississippi Infantry was the last Confederate unit to arrive on the field. These 600-700 fresh troops showed up late in the afternoon and tipped the balance of what had been a hard but evenly fought contest up to that point. The . . . — Map (db m2234) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — 1862 Antietam CampaignLee Invades Maryland
Fresh from the victory at the Second Battle of Manassas General Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia crossed the Potomac River on September 1-6, 1862, to bring the Civil War to Northern soil and to recruit sympathetic Marylanders. Union Gen. . . . — Map (db m1110) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — 1862 Antietam CampaignLee Invades Maryland
Fresh from victory at the Second Battle of Manassas, Gen. Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia crossed the Potomac River on September 4–6, 1862, to bring the Civil War to Northern soil and to recruit sympathetic Marylanders. Union Gen. . . . — Map (db m1220) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — 18th Mississippi Infantry
The 18th Mississippi Infantry was sent from nearby Edward's Ferry and arrived near here around 3:00 p.m. Colonel Erasmus Burt ordered his men forward across the then open field unknowingly into a deadly crossfire between the two winds of the Union . . . — Map (db m2233) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — 1st California Regiment
The 1st California was one of four regiments that made up the “California Brigade” commanded by Colonel Edward D. Baker, U.S. Senator from Oregon and close friend of President Lincoln. In April, 1861, Baker helped to organize what was . . . — Map (db m2230) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — 20th Massachusetts Infantry
Companies D and I of the 20th Massachusetts (the “Harvard Regiment”) followed the 15th Massachusetts across the Potomac with orders to serve as a rear guard and cover the withdrawal of the 15th Massachusetts following what was hoped . . . — Map (db m2229) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — 42nd New York Infantry
The 42nd New York (“Tammany Regiment”) was commanded by Col. Milton Cogswell, the only West Point-trained officer among the senior Union commanders at Ball’s Bluff. Five companies of the 42nd participated in the battle. With the death . . . — Map (db m2231) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — 8th Virginia Infantry
The 8th Virginia Infantry was a local unit made up of six companies from Loudoun, two from Fauquier, and one each from Fairfax and Prince William counties. Commanded by Colonel Eppa Hunton, the Regiment arrived on the field about 12:30 p.m. . . . — Map (db m2211) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — 8th Virginia Volunteer Infantry Regiment
This monument is dedicated to the brave men of the 8th Virginia Volunteer Infantry Regiment The 8th Virginia Volunteer Infantry Regiment was organized into State Service May 8th, 1861 in Leesburg under the command of Colonel Eppa Hunton. These . . . — Map (db m85501) WM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — A Divided America, A Divided Loudoun County
On April 12, 1861, with the firing on Fort Sumter, America went to war with itself. Just as the country was divided, so were Virginia and Loudoun County. The western portion of Virginia became the separate state of West Virginia in 1863. Here in . . . — Map (db m2251) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Additional Area Civil War Sites
1. Sugarloaf Mountain - This was the site of a Union Signal Corps station that remained in operation throughout much of the war. 2. White's Ferry - Originally called Conrad's Ferry, this crossing was established in 1817 about four miles . . . — Map (db m27839) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Aftermath of Ball’s Bluff
Ball’s Bluff is the only battlefield where on which a United States senator was killed in combat. Edward Dickinson Baker, senator from Oregon, was also a colonel and one of Brig. Gen. Charles Stone’s three brigade commanders. Baker was a long-time . . . — Map (db m2203) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Ball’s Bluff Battlefield and National Cemetery
. . . — Map (db m2236) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — T 51 — Ball’s Bluff Masked Battery
Nearby is the likely site of the Confederate “masked battery” (concealed artillery) that was an object of Federal concern early in the Civil War. On 21 Oct. 1861, elements of the 13th Mississippi infantry near there engaged 35 horsemen . . . — Map (db m1491) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Ball’s Bluff Masked Battery...held to the bluff without room to retire.
Two hundred yards to your right are the remains of a small earthwork that may have been part of a masked (concealed) battery which played an important role in the Battle of Ball’s Bluff on October 21, 1861. The battery commanded the road from . . . — Map (db m1517) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Ball’s Bluff National Cemetery
The twenty-five graves here in one of America’s smallest national cemeteries contain the partial remains of 54 Union soldiers killed at the Battle of Ball’s Bluff, October 21, 1861. All are unidentified except Pvt. James Allen of Northbridge, . . . — Map (db m2235) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Ball’s Bluff Overlook
Ball's Bluff is a 600 yard long shale and sandstone cliff. It rises up a shallow bell curve from two ravines approximately 300 yards north and south of where you are standing. At this point, it is about 100 feet high, though just to the north (left) . . . — Map (db m2829) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — F-1 — Battle of Ball’s Bluff
One mile east occurred the Battle of Ball’s Bluff, October 21, 1861. A Union force, which had crossed the river at this point, was driven back over it by the Confederates. — Map (db m985) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Battle of Ball’s Bluff, October 21, 1861
The Battle of Ball’s Bluff was the result of a mistake. The previous evening, Capt. Chase Philbrick, Co. H, 15th Massachusetts, led a small reconnaissance patrol across the river to determine the results of some earlier Confederate troop movements. . . . — Map (db m2252) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Battle of Balls BluffOctober 21, 1861
6 AM - After crossing the river, the 15 MA (Colonel Devens) advanced to the area near the Jackson house, leaving the 20 MA (Colonel Lee) on the bluff to guard the exit path to the river. 8 AM - Captain Duff's (17 MS) Company ran into Devens . . . — Map (db m27590) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — F-1 — Battle of Ball's Bluff
Just to the east, 1,700 Union troops crossed the Potomac River and clashed with 1,700 Confederates on 21 Oct. 1861. The previous evening, a Union reconnaissance patrol had mistaken a row of trees for Confederate tents. Brig. Gen. Charles Stone . . . — Map (db m93420) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Battlefield Historic Restoration Project
In 2004, Ball's Bluff Battlefield Regional Park began a restoration project on the battlefield where you stand today. The objective of the effort is to return about 12 acres of the battlefield to its approximate appearance in 1861. First hand . . . — Map (db m19329) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Carriage House
The carriage house was used for storage of house drawn carriages and other equipment. This building was constructed in the 1880s and was in use until the 1930s. After horse drawn carriages were no longer commonly used, the building was used as a . . . — Map (db m7831) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Carriage House
The Carriage House, built in 1903 during the Eustis period, illustrates the era when the horse drawn carriage was the primary mode of transportation. Today, the Carriage House is the Oatlands Museum Gift Shop and Visitor center. The Chauffeur's . . . — Map (db m60112) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — T-24 — Charles Fenton Mercer
Charles Fenton Mercer (1778–1858) is buried near here in Union Cemetery. After serving as an officer in the U.S. Army, he was recalled to service as an aid to Virginia Governor James Barbour of Virginia in the War of 1812 and rose to the rank . . . — Map (db m893) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Clarkes Gap
At 582 feet, Clarkes Gap, up the hill to your left, was the highest point on the Washington & Old Dominion Railroad. The stone bridge dates from the 1870s, when the tracks were completed to Clarkes Gap. The station stood on the site where you are . . . — Map (db m2031) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Clinton Hatcher
Clinton Hatcher, 1840 - 1861 Co. F. 8th Va. Regt. C.S.A. fell Bravely Defending his native state. — Map (db m85502) WM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Dairy Barn
This dairy barn hails from the legendary Shenandoah Valley of Virginia. Built in 1900 in the town of Edinburg, it now sits at Market Station. The barn symbolizes the dairy farming that blossomed in the region, providing both county and town with . . . — Map (db m5128) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Diesel Trains on the W&OD
The Washington & Old Dominion Railroad switched from electric to diesel power during World War II. In 1941-42 the railroad bought its first three diesel-electric engines. Each General Electric engine had 380 horsepower and weighed 44 tons. Later . . . — Map (db m2111) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — F-31 — Dodona Manor
Home of Gen. George C. Marshall. This early-19th-century house and its surrounding four acres were purchased in 1941 by Gen. Marshall (1880–1959) and his wife, Katherine Tupper Marshall (1882–1978). A student of the classics, . . . — Map (db m892) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — F 35 — Douglass Community School
Before the construction of this high school, there were no schools beyond 7th grade for black students in Loudoun County. Late in the 1930s, the parent-teacher associations of various black schools formed the County-Wide League to raise money to . . . — Map (db m5096) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Douglass High School
has been registered as a Virginia Historic Landmark by the Virginia Department of Conservation and Historic Resources Throughout much of Virginia in the early 1900s, black parents were pressing the then system of racial segregation for improved . . . — Map (db m5100) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Ealry Methodism in Leesburg
Early Methodism in Leesburg. On this site, deeded in 1766, stood the old Methodist meeting house completed about 1770. Here in 1778 was held the sixth conference of American Methodism and the first in Virginia. In this cemetery in 1786 was buried . . . — Map (db m1580) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — T-22 — Early’s Washington Campaign
Jubal A. Early passed over this road on his return to the Shenandoah Valley, July 16, 1864. After leaving Lee before Richmond, June 13, Early traveled 450 miles, defeating Hunter at Lynchburg and Wallace on the Monocacy River in Maryland, and . . . — Map (db m1003) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Edward D. Baker
Colonel Baker is buried at the Presidio in San Francisco, California. This memorial stone was placed here to mark what was believed to be the location of Baker’s death and to honor the memory of the only U.S. Senator to have died on the field of . . . — Map (db m2237) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Edwards FerryAn Eighty-Mile-Long Column — Gettysburg Campaign
After Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee's stunning victory at Chancellorsville in May 1863, he led the Army of Northern Virginia west to the Shenandoah Valley, then north through central Maryland and across the Mason-Dixon Line into . . . — Map (db m63737) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Electric Trains on the W&OD
Electrification arrived in 1912, after the Great Falls & Old Dominion Railroad and the Southern Railway’s Bluemont Branch were consolidated into the Washington & Old Dominion Railway. The new owners brought modern interurban trolley cars. Wire . . . — Map (db m2107) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Elizabeth Mills Riverfront ParkPotomac Connections
This riverfront park will transport you back in time. It will enable you to look beyond the modern developments that dominate the landscape here today. It will take you back centuries, when American Indians lived here, harvesting the bounty of the . . . — Map (db m40211) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Fighting for FreedomMount Zion Community Cemetery
Four African American Civil War veterans are buried in this cemetery: James Gaskins (39th U.S. Colored Infantry), Joseph Waters (5th Massachusetts Colored Cavalry), William Taylor (1st U.S. Colored Infantry), and John W. Langford (U.S. Navy). The . . . — Map (db m76587) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — George Catlett Marshall
(Left Side Plaque): George Catlett Marshall (1880-1959) Born Union Town, Pennsylvania, educated at Virginia Military Institute, class of 1901, serving in the United States Army thereafter, resident of Leesburg, Virginia, 1941 to 1959. . . . — Map (db m4962) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — F-7 — Goose Creek Chapel
A short distance West is the site of the “Chapel Above Goose Creek”, built by the vestry of Truro Parish in 1736. Augustine Washington, father of George Washington, was a member of the vestry at the time. This was the first church on the . . . — Map (db m1213) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Ice House
In winter this building was filled with ice cut from the Potomac River. The tick stone walls and many layers of straw provided sufficient insulation to preserve a supply of ice for summer use. When the family needed ice, large chucks were retrieved . . . — Map (db m7836) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — In Memory of Richard Owings
First native born Methodist local preacher, born November 13, 1738, Baltimore County, Maryland. Died October 7, 1786, Leesburg, Virginia and was buried on this spot. He was converted under the ministry of Robert Strawbridge and Received on . . . — Map (db m1581) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Jenifer’s Cavalry
Lieutenant Colonel Walter H. Jenifer commanded the 300-man cavalry force in Colonel Nathan “Shanks” Evan’s Confederate brigade. Jenifer had some 70 troopers with him at Ball’s Bluff, including portions of the Chesterfield Light Dragoons, . . . — Map (db m2213) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Lee Comes to LeesburgConference at Harrison Hall
On the afternoon of September 4, 1862, five days after the Confederate victory at the Second Battle of Manassas, throngs of well-wishers lined Leesburg's streets, including King Street behind you, to welcome the threadbare but jubilant Army of . . . — Map (db m42333) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — LeesburgFrom Paradise to Peril — Antietam and Gettysburg Campaigns
“Leesburg! Paradise of the youthful warrior! Land of excellent edibles and beautiful maidens!” — so wrote a Confederate artilleryman in late 1861. A year later, a northern correspondent found Leesburg a weary town full of . . . — Map (db m1544) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Leesburg Freight Station
Leesburg’s first railroad depot opened here in 1860 to accommodate passengers, mail, express packages, and freight. All but the freight operations were moved west to King Street in 1887 when the new passenger station opened. An industrial area known . . . — Map (db m2109) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Leesburg Passenger Station
When the Alexandria, Loudoun, & Hampshire Railroad (later W&OD) arrived on May 17, 1860, Leesburg realized a dream. A local newspaper praised the railroad, which “throws us within an hour or two’s ride of the cities of the seaboard, and opens . . . — Map (db m2110) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Log House
Market Station's Log House, built in 1840 in Rectorstown, Maryland, is made entirely of native American chestnut. Upon its completion, the German builders covered the logs with clapboard and plaster. These protective refinements, usually reserved as . . . — Map (db m5125) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Loudoun County Court SquareWartime in Leesburg
Before the war, the courthouse square was the location of slave auctions and militia recruiting activities. On October 21, 1861, after the Battle of Ball's Bluff, more than 500 Union prisoners, including Col. Milton Cogswell, 42nd New York Infantry, . . . — Map (db m63738) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — F-28 — Loudoun County Courthouse
The Loudoun County Courthouse, first occupied in 1895, is the third on this site, which was designated for that use on the 1759 plat of Leesburg. On 12 Aug. 1776, the Declaration of Independence was read from the doorway of the first courthouse. The . . . — Map (db m876) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — McKimmey's Mill
In 1898 a fire devastated a Leesburg grain mill, along with several surrounding buildings. The mill that replaced the burned structure is now known as McKimmey's Mill and sits proudly at market Station. This massive multi-level grain mill contains . . . — Map (db m5121) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Mile HillCavalry Clash
On September 1, 1862, Col. Thomas Munford, commander of the Confederate 2nd Virginia Cavalry (163 men), was ordered to Leesburg to destroy a body of Union Cavalry—the locally raised Independent Loudoun Virginia Rangers—who were harassing . . . — Map (db m1219) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — F 29 — Morven Park
Morven Park was the home of Westmoreland Davis, who as governor of Virginia (1918-1922) created the executive budget system that concentrated state budgeting authority in the governor's hands. Davis bought Morven Park in 1903 and transformed it into . . . — Map (db m1214) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Norman-Harding Barn(The "Wharf")
"The Wharf" refers not only to the entire two-block area, but also to the Norman-Harding Barn, itself the original "Wharf." This building is on its original site. Since its construction around 1890, the two-story barn served as a storage warehouse . . . — Map (db m5127) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — OatlandsCivil War Comes to Oatlands
The Civil War arrived in Loudoun County on October 21, 1861, with the Battle of Ball’s Bluff. As Confederate forces gathered to protect Leesburg, Elizabeth Grayson Carter, the widowed mistress of Oatlands, wrote in her journal on October 17, . . . — Map (db m1164) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — F 33 — Oatlands
George Carter, a great-grandson of Robert “King” Carter, began this monumental mansion on his 3,408-acre estate in 1804 and embellished it over two decades. In 1827, he graced the façade with fluted Corinthian columns, endowing the . . . — Map (db m1165) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — T 23 — Old Stone Church Site
One block north on Cornwall Street is the site of the first Methodist-owned property in America. Lot 50 was deeded to the Methodist Society in Leesburg on May 11, 1766. In 1778, the Sixth American Conference of Methodists met there, the first such . . . — Map (db m1537) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Osterburg Mill
William Oster built this water-powered grist mill in the late 1800's to serve the residents of Osterburg, the village he founded in Three Springs Valley, between the Allegheny and Cove Mountains of Southwestern Pennsylvania. A large wooden water . . . — Map (db m5130) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — F 2 — Potomac Crossings
Here Lee turned east to the Potomac, crossing at White's Ford, September 6, 1862, in his invasion of Maryland. Jubal A. Early, returning from his Washington raid, crossed the river at White’s Ford, July 14, 1864. — Map (db m1609) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Red Rock Wilderness Overlook Regional Park
Red Rock Wilderness Overlook Regional Park is a 67-acre mostly wooded area situated along the Potomac River on the outskirts of Leesburg. Frances Speek donated a portion of the property to the Northern Virginia Regional Park Authority in 1978. The . . . — Map (db m7820) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — T 56 — Saving the Declaration of Independence / The War of 1812
Saving the Declaration of Independence. On 22 Aug. 1814, two days before British forces entered Washington, Sec. of State James Monroe ordered government records, including the Declaration of Independence, removed to Virginia for safekeeping. . . . — Map (db m90422) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — F-6 — Sharpsburg (Antietam) Campaign
Near here Stonewall Jackson bivouaced on the march into Maryland, September 4, 1862. — Map (db m986) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Stationmaster's House
This building of duplex design housed the Stationmaster in one section and other railroad employees in another. The railroad traditionally provided such housing close to switching yards and depots for its always-on-call employees. The . . . — Map (db m5123) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Swann's CastleMorven Park in the Civil War
You are standing in the midst of the drilling and review grounds for Confederate soldiers between the summer of 1861 and March 1862. Former Baltimore mayor and future Maryland governor Thomas Swann, Jr. owned the 1,200-acre plantation but was . . . — Map (db m13676) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Temple Hall
Temple Hall was the home of William Temple Thomson Mason, son of Thomson Mason of Raspberry Plain and nephew of George Mason, author of the Virginia Declaration of Rights. The house was constructed about 1810 and was the centerpiece for the farm . . . — Map (db m12954) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Temple Hall Farm Regional Park's Role in PreservingHeritage Livestock Breeds
What are Heritage livestock breeds and why are they important? Heritage livestock breeds are old breeds that were created before the onset of industrial agriculture. Industrialization of agriculture has greatly reduced the number of variety of . . . — Map (db m12956) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — The Battle at Ball’s Bluff
On the night of October 20, 1861, a small Federal scouting party crossed the Potomac River from Maryland to determine whether recent troop movements indicated a Confederate withdrawal from Leesburg. Advancing inland from Ball’s Bluff, the Federals . . . — Map (db m2205) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — The Creation of Temple Hall Farm Regional Park
In 1940, after a succession of owners, the property was purchased by Mr. and Mrs. James H. Symington. The Symingtons set about restoring the house and making improvements to the farm. The Symingtons succeed in restoring the mansion house, making . . . — Map (db m12955) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — The Depot
The Freight Depot was built at the turn of the century, replacing a depot gutted by the disastrous fire of 1898. The wooden building is a fine example of railroad station architecture, with its wide overhangs to protect dock workers and freight from . . . — Map (db m11324) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — The Great Falls Line
The Bluemont Branch of the Washington & Old Dominion was not the railroad’s only line. The Great Falls & Old Dominion Railroad arose in 1906 from the vision of two prominent men. Sen. Stephen B. Elkins of West Virginia had prospered through coal, . . . — Map (db m2106) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — The Leesburg Lime Company
The arrival of the railroad in the 1860s spawned new businesses. One such enterprise was the Leesburg Lime Company, which operated at the site where you are now located. In 1868 a local newspaper announced: New Lime Kiln— Messrs. Orr . . . — Map (db m2108) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — The North: Union Leaders at Ball's Bluff
Brigadier General Charles Pomeroy Stone As the overall commander of Union forces at Ball’s Bluff, Stone was a rising star in the Union army at the time of the battle. He become the scapegoat for the defeat. Stone was born September 30, 1824, in . . . — Map (db m2238) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — The South: Confederate Leaders at Ball’s Bluff
Colonel Nathan George “Shanks” Evans Nathan Evans was born in South Carolina in 1824. An 1848 West Point graduate, he was jokingly nicknamed “Shanks” by his classmates because he was knock-kneed. During the next decade he . . . — Map (db m2241) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — The Tolbert Building
Dedicated December 10, 1990 In honor of former Vice Mayor John W. Tolbert, Jr. The Tolbert building was originally two dwellings located at 6 and 8 Loudoun Street; built prior to 1796 on a part of lot no. 14, which was sold by Nicolas Minor to John . . . — Map (db m8868) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Thomas Clinton Lovett Hatcher
20 December, 1839 – 21 October, 1861 Standing over 6'4" and wearing a full red beard, Clinton Hatcher was a memorable figure. Despite his Quaker upbringing, he joined Company F of the 8th Virginia at the beginning of the war and became . . . — Map (db m2243) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Two-Chambered Granary
The two-chambered granary was used for storing threshed grain until it was either sold or consumed. The presence of two chambers indicates that the owner could grow two different crops and store them simultaneously. Grain was often transported . . . — Map (db m7832) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Union Artillery
The Federals crossed three pieces of artillery to Ball’s Bluff. Two mountain howitzers from the 2nd New York State Militia, detached under Lt. Frank French of Battery I, 1st U.S. Artillery, occupied this area for much of the afternoon. A 12-pdr . . . — Map (db m2224) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Well House
The well house was constructed of poured concrete and was used for storing water on the farm. One room housed a pump, which drew water from a shallow well outside. The second room housed a cistern that was used for storing water after it had been . . . — Map (db m7834) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Lincoln — Goose Creek Friends
Here on a log in the unbroken forest, Hannah Janney, wife of Jacob Janney, worshipped twice weekly in 1736. In 1738 Friends meetings were held in a private house once a month. Then came a log meeting house. Then the old stone house in 1765, and the . . . — Map (db m86228) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Lincoln — Goose Creek Friends 1765 Meeting House
This stone meeting house served as the place of worship for Goose Creek Friends from 1765 to 1819. It has served as the residence for the caretaker of the meeting's property since that time. — Map (db m3950) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Lincoln — Goose Creek Friends 1817 Meeting House
Goose Creek Friends meeting house was built from 1817 to 1819. Originally a two story building, it was reconstructed from 1948 to 1949 after a severe wind storm in 1943. — Map (db m3949) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Lincoln — Goose Creek Friends Oakdale School
Oakdale School house was built in 1815. It served as a Quaker school until 1885, a few years after the opening of the Public Schools. — Map (db m3948) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Lincoln — Goose Creek Historic District
Goose Creek Historic District has been registered as a Virginia Historic Landmark pursuant to the authority vested in the Viginia Historic Landmarks Commission Act of 1966. — Map (db m3933) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Lovettsville — TA 1 — First German Reformed Church Site and Cemetery
This is the church site and cemetery of the oldest continuous German Reformed congregation in Virginia. Founded before 1748 by Elder William Wenner, the congregation met in members’ houses until the first log meetinghouse was constructed sometime . . . — Map (db m1791) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Lovettsville — Z 206 — Loudoun County / Maryland
Loudon County. Area 519 Square Miles. Formed in 1757 from Fairfax, and named for Lord Loudoun, titular governor of Virginia and head of the British forces in America, 1756-1758. Oak Hill, President James Monroe's home, is in this county. . . . — Map (db m934) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Lovettsville — Lovettsville in the Civil WarUnion Gateway to Virginia
After Confederate Gen. Joseph E. Johnston withdrew his army from northern Virginia in March 1862 to defend Richmond, neither Confederate nor Union force occupied Loudoun County permanently. Both armies, however, often passed through. The . . . — Map (db m90514) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Lovettsville — G 3 — St. James United Church of Christ
Formerly St. James Evangelical and Reformed Church, this is the oldest active congregation of the German Reformed tradition in Virginia. Lovettsville, a German settlement, was founded by settlers of the Reformed faith in 1733. Early records indicate . . . — Map (db m1792) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Lovettsville — The Independent Loudoun RangersServing the Union
The Independent Loudoun Rangers consisted of two small cavalry companies recruited by Waterford miller Samuel Means from Lovettsville's and Waterford's Unionists. Mustered into Federal service starting June 20, 1862, the Rangers were the only . . . — Map (db m26180) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Lucketts — F-27 — Catoctin Rural Historic District
The surrounding area of about 25,000 acres has been a cohesive agricultural community since the mid-1700s, when it was settled largely by former Tidewater Virginia planters attracted by its streams and fertile soils. Bordered by Catoctin Mountain . . . — Map (db m988) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Lucketts — F-5 — Wayne’s Crossing
Three miles southeast, at Noland’s Ferry, “Mad Anthony” Wayne, on his way to join Lafayette, crossed the Potomac River, May 31, 1781. He passed through Leesburg June 3, and joined Lafayette near the Rapidan River, June 18. — Map (db m987) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Middleburg — B 31 — Battle of Middleburg
Here, on 19 June 1863, Maj. Gen. J.E.B. Stuart’s cavalry fought Brig. Gen. David M. Gregg’s Union cavalry division. Screening the march of Gen. Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia through the Shenandoah Valley to invade Pennsylvania, Stuart . . . — Map (db m1471) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Middleburg — Battle of MiddleburgSearching for Lee — Gettysburg Campaign
(Preface): After Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee's stunning victory at Chancellorsville in May 1863, he led the Army of Northern Virginia west to the Shenandoah Valley,then north through central Maryland and across the Mason-Dixon Line into . . . — Map (db m55569) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Middleburg — Hibbs Bridge
Built by Uriel Glasscock in 1829 for $3,500, Hibbs Bridge replaced an 1817 wooden structure destroyed by floods in 1822. Integral to commerce along Snickers Gap Turnpike. It was called Beaverdam Bridge until 1857 when Stephen and William Hibbs . . . — Map (db m5133) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Middleburg — MiddleburgScreening Lee’s Army — Prelude to Gettysburg, Mosby's Confederacy
During the Gettysburg Campaign in June 1863, Middleburg was the scene of major cavalry operations. On June 17, 1863, Gen. J.E.B. Stuart’s small force, charged with screening Gen. Robert E. Lee’s infantry moving north and west of the Blue Ridge . . . — Map (db m1548) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Paeonian Springs — Paeonian Springs Station
In its heyday, Paeonian Springs attracted folks such as those men gathered for a raccoon hunt sponsored by The Washington Post in October 1912. The station shown at right stood where the three-sided shelter stands today. Two things happened . . . — Map (db m2903) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Philomont — Battle of UnisonIn the Wake of Antietam
(Preface): After the Battle of Antietam in September 1862, Gen. Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia escaped to Virginia. President Abraham Lincoln repeatedly urged Union Gen. George B. McClellan to pursue and attack. Following a plan . . . — Map (db m42515) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Philomont — Round Oak Rag Apple Elevation
Holstein Bull of the Century On August 30, 1965 Elevation was born near here on Round Oak Farm, owned by Ronald A. Hope & Sons Through the use of frozen semen and artificial insemination, Elevation gained international acclaim. In 1999 the . . . — Map (db m5294) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Philomont — White Pump Drovers Tavern
The stone farmhouse just east on Colchester Road operated as a tavern in the late 1790s. By 1800, it was known as the White Pump Drovers Tavern. Drovers moved animals such as sheep, cattle, and hogs along roadways to markets. Colchester was the . . . — Map (db m83907) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Purcellville — Ambush at Purcellville“…we found in the road many broken down and burned wagons…”
Crossing this school site, the Loudoun and Berlin Turnpike once intersected the Leesburg & Snicker’s Gap Turnpike at a junction just ahead known as Heaton’s Crossroads. On Saturday, July 16, 1864, Gen. Jubal A. Early’s Confederate army passed . . . — Map (db m1072) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Purcellville — Beyond Purcellville
The trail ends here but the story does not. The founders of the Alexandria, Loudoun, & Hampshire (later the W&OD) sought to rival the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad for the coal of West Virginia and the trade of the Ohio Valley. By 1900 the railroad . . . — Map (db m24307) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Purcellville — Electric Trains on the W&OD
Electrification arrived in 1912, after the Great Falls & Old Dominion Railroad and the Southern Railway’s Bluemont Branch were consolidated into the Washington & Old Dominion Railway. The new owners brought modern interurban trolley cars. Wire . . . — Map (db m19330) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Purcellville — Ketoctin Church Short Hill
Constituted on October 8, 1751 Present Church Built 1854 Placed By Ketoctin Chapter Daughter Of The American Revolution — Map (db m14620) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Purcellville — T 53 — Loudoun Branch, Manassas Gap Railroad
The Virginia General Assembly approved plans for the Loudoun Branch (parts of which survive here) of the Manassas Gap Railroad on 8 March 1853, and construction soon began. The route extended 27 miles from just southwest of Chantilly on the main . . . — Map (db m7278) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Purcellville — T 47 — Loudoun County Emancipation Association Grounds
The association was organized by African Americans in nearby Hamilton in 1890 to commemorate the preliminary Emancipation Proclamation issued by President Abraham Lincoln on 22 Sept. 1862 and “to cultivate good fellowship, to work for the . . . — Map (db m1793) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Purcellville — T-5 — Mother of the Wright Brothers
Six miles north, at Hillsboro, was born in 1831 Susan Koerner, mother of Wilbur and Orville Wright, inventors of the airplane. — Map (db m1776) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Purcellville — Purcellville Station
The tracks are long gone, but Purcellville's train station still occupies the ground it has stood on since 1904. It replaced a depot built at about the same time that the railroad arrived in 1874 and accommodated passengers, mail, and freight. The . . . — Map (db m24360) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Purcellville — Tracks into HistoryThe Washington & Old Dominion Railroad
The railroad that became the Washington & Old Dominion was born in Alexandria in response to the competition in shipping posed by the port in Baltimore, which was served by the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad. The B&O was diverting farm produce from the . . . — Map (db m19331) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), South Riding — B 11 — Campaign of Second Manassas
Stonewall Jackson, sent by Lee to move around Pope's retreating army at Centreville and cut if off from Alexandria, reached this place, August 31, 1862. Here Jackson turned east towards Fairfax. — Map (db m2262) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), St. Louis — History of St. Louis
The village of St. Louis is one of the first African American townships in Loudoun County. Land was purchased by freed slaves following the Civil War. Among the families that purchased lots were the McQuays. One of their family members moved to . . . — Map (db m5200) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Sterling — "The Ankerage"
1847-1964 site of the Ankers Family Home & Cemetery nineteen blue & gray soldiers killed in local actions during the Civil War were also buried here — Map (db m14155) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Sterling — Ambush at Ankers's Shop"It was a complete surprise"
Samuel and Henrietta Ankers lived at this site during the Civil War. On the morning of February 22, 1864, just outside their front door, about 160 of Confederate Lt. Col. John Singleton Mosby's horsemen ambushed 150 of Union Capt. J. Sewall Reed's . . . — Map (db m42329) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Sterling — George Washington(1732-1799)
(Upper Plaque): George Washington (1732-1799) Farmer, Legislator, Surveyor, Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army during the American Revolution, and the first President of the United States. George Washington frequently used this . . . — Map (db m20032) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Sterling — George Washington
George Washington was the most famous person to use this road. It was his favorite route on many important personal, business, and military trips from Mount Vernon to Virginia's western frontier and points beyond. Although his trips of 1753 and 1754 . . . — Map (db m20047) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Sterling — T 38 — Gettysburg Campaign
J.E.B. Stuart, operating on Lee’s right, passed here on his way to the fords of the Potomac north of Dranesville June 27, 1863. Crossing the river, he became seperated from Lee's army and did not rejoin it until July 2 at Gettysburg. — Map (db m1608) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Sterling — Guilford Signal StationTracking the Confederates — Gettysburg Campaign
During the Civil War, signal stations served as early warning posts, observation points, and communication centers. On June 19, 1863, 10,000-15,000 Union troops commanded by Gen. John Fullerton Reynolds, I Corps, Army of the Potomac, marched along . . . — Map (db m1543) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Sterling — Lanesville Architecture
The earliest parts of the Lanesville House, built in 1779, included a single room house, two stories high with a loft, what is now the east parlor with the rooms directly above on the second and third floors; the single story kitchen was a separate . . . — Map (db m20055) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Sterling — Lanesville Families
The Lanesville House has been home to just two families during the 212 years that it was occupied. Lane family descendants lived here for 162 years, from 1779-1941. Dr. Claude Moore purchased the house and land in December, 1941, and made his home . . . — Map (db m20126) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Sterling — Lanesville Historic Area
The story of Lanesville began centuries before this house was built. Vestal's Gap Road, which runs across the park and in front of the house, began as an Indian trail used frequently for hunting and trading. The earliest documented use by colonists . . . — Map (db m20120) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Sterling — Lanesville House and Vestal's Gap Road
Lanesville House and Vestal's Gap Road are contributing sites to the Lanesville Historic District and have been designated Virginia Historic Landmarks by the Virginia Commission on Historic Resources and placed on the National Register of Historic . . . — Map (db m20122) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Sterling — Lanesville Outbuildings
Homes in the 19th century typically had several outbuildings. Barns stabled horses and other animals, tenant houses lodged farm hands, wells supplied water, and, of course, the "necessary," or outhouse, was a must. One of the most significant . . . — Map (db m20124) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Sterling — Z-143 — Loudoun County / Fairfax County
(east face) Loudoun County Area 519 Square Miles Formed in 1757 from Fairfax, and named for Lord Louduon, titular Governor of Virginia, and head of the British Forces in America, 1756-1758. Oak Hill, President . . . — Map (db m64585) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Sterling — Mosby’s RangersBattle of Miskel Farm — March 31, 1863
Captain John Singleton Mosby and 69 of his Confederate ranger troop were surprised at dawn while sleeping here in the Miskel farmhouse and hay barn by 150 Union cavalry. Though greatly outnumbered, Captain Mosby led his rangers on foot with . . . — Map (db m1794) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Sterling — Rails to Dulles Airport
In 1958 the federal government began construction of a new international airport near Chantilly, Virginia. The Washington & Old Dominion Railroad, whose freight business had been on the decline, enjoyed a resurgence of activity. Cement, stone, and . . . — Map (db m20281) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Sterling — Sterling Station
By 1967, when the photograph below was taken, Sterling had grown from a railroad stop known as Guilford to a large residential development. Beginning in 1860, the station served local farmers. Trains carried grain, produce, and dairy products to . . . — Map (db m20146) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Sterling — The Braddock Campaign
In early 1755, England ordered General Edward Braddock along with the 44th and 48th Regiments to Virginia with plans to join the colonial forces in an effort to expel the French from Fort Duquesne. Due to considerations other than military, General . . . — Map (db m20048) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Sterling — The Vestal's Gap Road
This sector of the road, through Claude Moore Park, closely resembles the road as it appeared in this area's early history. This great road ran from the port city of Alexandria, Virginia through Vestal's Gap of the Blue Ridge Mountains. It began as . . . — Map (db m20033) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Sterling — Vestal's Gap Road
Extending from Alexandria to Vestal's Ferry near Charles Town, West Virginia, this colonial highway was a principal route from the Northern Neck of Virginia through the Blue Ridge in the Ohio Country, in the early 1700's. The road became the major . . . — Map (db m20026) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Sterling — Vestal's Gap Road
Extending from Alexandria to Vestal's Ferry near Charles Town, West Virginia, this colonial highway was a principal route from the Northern Neck of Virginia through the Blue Ridge to the Ohio Country. In the early 1770's, the road became the major . . . — Map (db m20031) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Sterling — F 37 — Vestal's Gap Road
Vestal's Gap Road is among the oldest remaining segments of colonial highway in America. Initially an Indian trail, it became an important route for commerce from Alexandria to Leesburg and Winchester, westward migration, and troop movements. Lt. . . . — Map (db m36730) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Sterling — Vestal's Gap Road I
Before man traveled this way, the wild animals that inhabited this area made a trail through the grassland and woods which they followed to reach new grazing areas. Bison and deer created and followed the path seeking fresh grass for food, followed . . . — Map (db m25576) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Sterling — Vestal's Gap Road II
The local Indians followed the paths made by the animals they sought as game and made them into regularly used trails. Archaeologists have found and investigated many sites where Indians lived along the Potomac River and the larger creeks such as . . . — Map (db m25584) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Sterling — Vestal's Gap Road III
In 1722 Governor Spotswood's treaty with the Indians was ratified, which kept them west of the Blue Ridge Mountains and north of the Potomac River. Early settlers found the Indian trails in Loudoun County and made them into roads. Loudoun County . . . — Map (db m25585) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Sterling — Vestal's Gap Road in the 1800s
In 1814 due to the British advance on Washington, it was deemed wise to remove the Declaration of Independence, the U.S. Constitution, and other valuable state documents to a safe place. They were transported across Chain Bridge into Virginia. The . . . — Map (db m20118) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Sterling — Vestal's Gap Road IV
The Vestal's Gap Road was a major east-west trade and travel route. George Washington used it from 1753 to 1799 as he traveled on surveying business, for personal reasons and for military purposes in the French and Indian Wars. There were several . . . — Map (db m25586) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Taylorstown — G 4 — Taylorstown
Taylorstown, one of Loudoun County’s earliest settlements, stands near the Catoctin Creek, a Virginia Scenic River, at the junction of Loyalty and Taylorstown Roads. Among the oldest structures in the village are Hunting Hill (ca. 1737), Foxton . . . — Map (db m1790) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Unison — Battle of Unison"Truly frightful"
(Preface): After the Battle of Antietam in September 1862, Gen. Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia escaped to Virginia. President Abraham Lincoln repeatedly urged Union Gen. George B. McClellan to pursue and attack. Following a plan . . . — Map (db m42516) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Upperville — Attack at Goose Creek Bridge“Take That Bridge At All Hazards” — Prelude to Gettysburg
Leapfrogging westward in a delaying action against advancing Union cavalry June 21, 1863, the rear guard of Confederate Gen. J.E.B. Stuart, commanded by Gen. Wade Hampton, took up a strong position on the steep ridge just behind you. From there two . . . — Map (db m1549) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Waterford — How it Works
This mill housed a set of machinery that processed raw material into finished products. It produced flour from grain, thus it was a gristmill. The milling complex also powered a saw and at one time a cider mill. Amos Janney's small original mill . . . — Map (db m4243) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Waterford — F 36 — Independent Loudoun Virginia Rangers
Created under authorization of the U.S. Secretary of War, the Independent Loudoun Rangers were the only organized Union cavalry unit in Confederate Virginia. Their first captain, local miller Samuel C. Means, mustered two companies from local . . . — Map (db m42619) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Waterford — Mutual Fire Insurance Company of Loudoun County
The first office building owned by the Mutual Fire Insurance Company of Loudoun County Organized March 12, 1849 Occupied by the company from 1872 to 1901 — Map (db m4244) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Waterford — The Tin Shop
15481 Second Street • Built 1875–1885 • Historic Use — Housed harness-making, tin roofing and tinware businesses; post office (1885–1897) • Current Use — Waterford Fair; office space The Tin Shop is built . . . — Map (db m2349) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Waterford — The Waterford Mill
Amos Janney's enterprising son Mahlon inherited the first mill in 1747 and soon improved it. By 1762 he had built a new, larger mill of of stone and wood on this site. The brick structure here today replaced Mahlon's mill in the 1820s. The . . . — Map (db m4241) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Waterford — WaterfordUnionist Stronghold
Historically Quaker and abolitionist Waterford decisively split with Loudoun County's pro-Confederate majority and rejected secession (220 votes to 31) in Virginia's May 1861 referendum. Many residents fled to Maryland as Southern troops occupied . . . — Map (db m42622) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Waterford — Waterford - An Old Mill Town
Amos Janney, a Pennsylvania Quaker, settled on the south fork of Catoctin Creek around 1733. Other Quakers soon followed drawn by the fertile land. Most were grain farmers, making a mill an early priority. By the early 1740s, Janney had built a . . . — Map (db m5597) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Waterford — Waterford Baptist ChurchErected 1853
At dawn on August 27, 1862, Captain E.V. White's 60-man company, nucleus of the 35th Battalion Virginia Cavalry, attacked 28 men of Captain S.C. Means' Company of Independent Loudoun Virginia Rangers (Union) encamped here in this church. After three . . . — Map (db m42623) HM

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