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Luzerne County Markers
Pennsylvania (Luzerne County), Exeter — Battle of WyomingJuly 3, 1778
The British battle line was formed almost parallel with and a little north of this street by Major John Butler, the commander, and Sayenqueraghta, chief of the Senecas. After advancing in formation for a mile to about 100 yards south of the British line, the Americans, led by Col. Zebulon Butler, were defeated and surrounded, and the large number captured were massacred that night by the Indians. Erected November 1950 by The American Legion and The Veterans of Foreign Wars of Exeter. — Map (db m56393) HM
Pennsylvania (Luzerne County), Forty Fort — Denison House
Built in 1790, home of Col. Nathan Denison, Revolutionary Officer and Luzerne County Judge. — Map (db m18893) HM
Pennsylvania (Luzerne County), Forty Fort — Forty Fort
Named for the forty Connecticut settlers of 1769. Begun in 1770. The Wyoming Massacre followed its surrender to Maj. Butler's force of British, Tories, and Indians, July 4, 1779. — Map (db m18850) HM
Pennsylvania (Luzerne County), Freeland — Saints Peter and Paul Lutheran Church
The first Slovak Evangelical Lutheran congregation in the Western Hemisphere was organized mainly by Michael Zemany, pioneer Slovak Lutheran. The first service was conducted on February 22, 1883. Present church building, remodeled later, was erected in 1886. — Map (db m44189) HM
Pennsylvania (Luzerne County), Harvey's Lake — Harvey's Lake
One of Pennsylvania’s major recreational lakes. Benjamin Harvey encountered it in 1781. By the early 1900s it was a famous resort, reached by train and trolley. Its largest hotel, the Oneonta, was built in 1898 and burned in 1919. An amusement park operated 1891-1984, and public beaches were at Sunset and Sandy Beach. Between 1893 and 1932, many thousands of visitors rode Lake Transit Co. steamboats to various points here. — Map (db m46283) HM
Pennsylvania (Luzerne County), Hazleton — Honor Roll of St. Joseph’s Parish — 1917 — 1918
Honor Roll of St. Joseph’s Parish Rev. Leo Kroner, Pastor ——————— Killed in Action *Salvick, John J.      *Saferanko, Andrew ——————— Kashak, J.J. • Beckley, Stephen A. • Cundra, Joseph J. • Hama, J. J. • Dill, J. J. • Yurovchak, John J. • Hudak, J. A. • Gullick, Joseph • Velchko, Michael • Surmik, John A. • Marinko, John . . . — Map (db m44128) HM
Pennsylvania (Luzerne County), Hazleton — Lattimer Massacre
Near here at Harwood, on Sept. 10, 1897, immigrant coal miners on strike began a march for higher wages and equal rights. Unarmed, they were fired upon at Lattimer by sheriff's deputies. Nineteen marchers--Polish, Slovak, and Lithuanian--were killed. The majority of the dead were buried in St. Stanislaus Cemetery, Hazleton. Others were interred in St. Joseph's & Vine Street Cemeteries, Hazleton, and in St. Patrick Cemetery, McAdoo. — Map (db m32151) HM
Pennsylvania (Luzerne County), Hazleton — 1970 — St. Joseph's Church
Organized in 1882 by the Rev. Ignatius Jascovich, pioneer Slovak Catholic priest, St. Joseph's is the oldest Slovak Roman Catholic parish in the Western Hemisphere. — Map (db m44131) HM
Pennsylvania (Luzerne County), Kingston — Henry M. Hoyt
Was born on this site in 1830. Governor of Pennsylvania, 1879-83; first to serve four years under the State Constitution of 1873. Advocated correctional institutions for care of youthful offenders. Died in 1892. — Map (db m68777) HM
Pennsylvania (Luzerne County), Lattimer — Lattimer Massacre
Here on September 10, 1897, nearly 400 immigrant coal miners on strike were met and fired upon by sheriff's deputies. Unarmed, they were marching from Harwood to Lattimer in support of higher wages and more equitable working conditions. Nineteen of the marchers were killed, and 38 were wounded. This was one of the most serious acts of violence in American labor history. — Map (db m44043) HM
Pennsylvania (Luzerne County), Lattimer — Lattimer MassacreSeptember 10, 1897
"It was not a battle because they were not aggressive, nor were they on the defensive because they had no weapons of any kind and were simply shot down like so many worthless objects; each of the licensed life takers trying to outdo the others in the butchery." Dedicated to these union brothers who made the supreme sacrifice Sebastian Broztowski • Michael Cheslock • Frank Chrzeszeski • Adalbert Czaja • John Fotta • Anthony Grekos • Andrew Jurecek • Stephen Jurics • . . . — Map (db m44136) HM
Pennsylvania (Luzerne County), Mountain Top — Lehigh Path
Until about 1800, a Native American footpath passed through here. It was one of several linking Indian villages in the Delaware and Susquehanna River drainage systems. This path originated at the Forks of the Delaware River (near Easton) and proceeded northwestward to Wyoming (near Wilkes-Barre) on the Susquehanna. The path's steep mountains were used by the Lenni-Lenape and Susquehannock. — Map (db m44060) HM
Pennsylvania (Luzerne County), Nanticoke — Concrete City
Notable for early use of International Style architectural concepts in creating “model” industrial housing. Located ¼ - mile north of here. The homes, built by the D L & W Railroad's Coal Division for forty Truesdale Colliery employees, were opened in 1913. Constructed of poured concrete, the twenty two-story rectangular double houses surrounded a park. Controlled by the Glen Alden Coal Company after 1921; abandoned in 1924. — Map (db m68698) HM
Pennsylvania (Luzerne County), Nanticoke — Pete Gray Wyshner(1915-2002)
The only one-armed man to play major league baseball. Born and resided in Nanticoke’s Hanover section. As a child, he lost his right arm in an accident. Named Most Valuable Player of the Southern Assn. while playing for the Memphis Chicks in 1944. In 1945, he played 77 games as an outfielder for the St. Louis Browns and batted .218. His on-field exploits set an inspirational example for disabled servicemen returning from World War II. — Map (db m68720) HM
Pennsylvania (Luzerne County), Pittston — Erie Railroad Co. v. Tompkins
In a landmark decision, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in 1938 that, in cases between citizens of different states, federal courts must apply state common law, not federal "general common law." Under Pennsylvania common law, Harry Tompkins of Hughestown lost his case against the Erie Railroad, a New York State company. Tompkins had been struck by an unsecured door of a passing train and severely injured near this spot on July 27, 1934. — Map (db m45901) HM
Pennsylvania (Luzerne County), Pittston — Pittston Fort
Erection begun 1722, by Connecticut proprietors. Forced to surrender to the British, July 4, 1778, and partially destroyed. Restored 1780, and used until after the end of the Revolutionary War. — Map (db m10507) HM
Pennsylvania (Luzerne County), Pittston — Pittston Fort
This Stone marks the southern side of Pittston Fort here in June and July 1778, gathered four hundred fugitives for protection against British and Indian foes. Capt. Jeremiah Blanchard and Lieut. Timothy Keyes in commnd. Erected by Dial Rock Chapter D.A.R. 1778 - 1906 — Map (db m56394) HM
Pennsylvania (Luzerne County), Pittston — Twin Shaft Disaster
On June 28, 1896, fifty-eight men were killed in a massive cave-in of rock and coal here, in the Newton Coal Company's Twin Shaft Colliery. An investigative commission, appointed by the Governor, reported on Sept. 25. Although its safety recommendations would often be ignored, the disaster was a factor that led to a stronger unionization of this region under John Mitchell after 1900. — Map (db m10470) HM
Pennsylvania (Luzerne County), Pittston — Workers in Greater Pittston's Garment Industry
From the 1930s to the 1980s Pittston emerged as a national center for clothing manufacturing. Thousands of workers, mainly women, labored in many factories throughout the Greater Pittston area. Most were members of the International Ladies’ Garment Workers’ Union (ILGWU) that gained higher wages, workplace health & safety improvements, and employee rights. The ILGWU was active in civic and political life throughout Pennsylvania. — Map (db m10469) HM
Pennsylvania (Luzerne County), Plains — Edward A. Walsh (1881 - 1959)
Inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame, 1946. As a pitcher for the Chicago White Sox, "Big Ed" Walsh averaged 24 victories a year during a seven-year span, 1906-12. He twice pitched over 400 innings in a single season. In 1908, he won 40 games, pitched 11 shutouts, and won both games of a doubleheader as a starting pitcher. Walsh finished his playing career in 1920 with a 1.82 earned run average. He was born nearby in Plains on May 14, 1881. — Map (db m46228) HM
Pennsylvania (Luzerne County), Plymouth — Abijah Smith & Company
Established 1807 by Abijah Smith, who had bought 75 acres here on Ransom Creek and was later joined by his brother John. Their shipments of coal by ark down the Susquehanna, begun in 1807, continued for 20 years. This company was, in 1818, the first to extract Pennsylvania coal by powder blasting. In the same family almost 70 years, it was considered the first commercially successful U.S. anthracite firm. — Map (db m68746) HM
Pennsylvania (Luzerne County), Plymouth — Arthur Horace James (1883-1973)
Prominent Pennsylvania Republican politician and public official. Elected Luzerne County District Attorney, 1919-1926; Lieutenant Governor, 1927-1931; and Governor, 1939-1943. Served as a Judge on the Superior Court of the Commonwealth, 1933-1938, and was a Republican presidential primary candidate in 1940. James was born in Plymouth of Welsh immigrant parents and worked as a "breaker boy" in anthracite coal mines. — Map (db m19093) HM
Pennsylvania (Luzerne County), Plymouth — Avondale Mine Disaster
On September 6, 1869, a fire broke out at the nearby Avondale Colliery, trapping the miners. The eventual death toll was 110. This included five boys between the ages of twelve and seventeen, and two volunteers who were suffocated while attempting rescue. As a result of this disaster, Pennsylvania's General Assembly enacted legislation in 1870 which was designed to enforce greater safety in the industry. — Map (db m68737) HM
Pennsylvania (Luzerne County), Plymouth — Sephaniah Reese (1866-1944)
Automobile pioneer, best known for building a 3-wheel, 1-cylinder vehicle here, 1887-88, and operating it on Plymouth's streets. His machine shop, incorporated 1888, was an early bicycle maker; the firm was located here for over 80 years. — Map (db m19094) HM
Pennsylvania (Luzerne County), Plymouth — Shawnee Fort
Designated in 1776 by the Continental Congress as one of a series of forts protecting American colonists from attack during the Revolutionary War. Defended Connecticut settlers from those with competing claims on Wyoming Valley lands. Garrison post of Capt. Samuel Ransom’s Company, which served under Gen. George Washington. Burned in the aftermath of the Battle of Wyoming, 1778. Rebuilt; destroyed by flood, 1784. Located nearby. — Map (db m68776) HM
Pennsylvania (Luzerne County), Port Griffith — Knox Mine Disaster
On January 22, 1959, twelve men died in a tragic accident at the River Slope Mine near this site. The mine had been illegally excavated beneath the Susquehanna River at the direction of the Knox Coal Company. When the force of the ice-laden river broke the thin layer of rock, over ten billion gallons of water flowed through this and other mines. This disaster ended deep mining in much of the Wyoming Valley. — Map (db m10468) HM
Pennsylvania (Luzerne County), Sugarloaf — Sugarloaf Massacre
After an unsuccessful attack on Fort Augusta, Indians and Tories surprise a detachment of Northumberland Co. militia on Sept. 11, 1780. The site of the massacre is just beyond the town. — Map (db m44057) HM
Pennsylvania (Luzerne County), Sugarloaf — The Sugarloaf Massacre
Near this spot occurred The Sugarloaf Massacre On September 11, 1780 a detachment of Captain John van Etten's Company, Northampton County Militia, resting at the spring was surprised by a band of Indians and Tories led by the Senece Chief Roland Montour. Those who perished were: Captain Daniel Klader Corporal Samuel Bond Jacob Arndt • Peter Croom • Philip George • Abraham Klader • John Kouts • James McGraw • Paul Neeley • George Peter Renhart • Jacob Row • George . . . — Map (db m44059) HM
Pennsylvania (Luzerne County), West Pittston — Jenkins Fort
This stone marks the site of "Jenkins Fort" One of the Revolutionary defenses of Wyoming against the invasion of the British, Indians, and Tories. Constructed - 1776 - Burned - 1778. Erected by Dial Rock Chapter Daughters of the American Revolution, Oct 12 - 1900. May the sacrifice and sufferings of a patriot ancestry be ever remembered by their descendants. — Map (db m10513) HM
Pennsylvania (Luzerne County), West Pittston — Jenkins' Fort
Stockaded home of John Jenkins. Built by Connecticut settlers, 1776. Surrendered to the British under Maj. John Butler, July 1, 1778, and was burned. — Map (db m10512) HM
Pennsylvania (Luzerne County), White Haven — White Haven
Named for Josiah White (1781-1850) whose Lehigh Navigation system was vital to coal and lumber transport. This was the northern limit, 1837-1862, of the two-way navigation from Easton. Here it met White's 20-mile railroad to Wilkes-Barre with its inclined "Ashley Planes." — Map (db m44061) HM
Pennsylvania (Luzerne County), Wilkes-Barre — Amedeo Obici (1877-1947)
Founded Planters Peanut Company in 1906 with fellow Italian immigrant Mario Peruzzi. Arriving in America at twelve, speaking no English, Obici worked at a local fruit store before opening his own peanut cart. An entrepreneur, he invented new peanut production methods. Planters grew into one of the most widely distributed peanut brands; its Mr. Peanut trademark is universally recognized. Corporate headquarters was located here, 1925-1961. — Map (db m19047) HM
Pennsylvania (Luzerne County), Wilkes-Barre — Connecticut Settlement
The first Connecticut settlement on their Susquehanna Purchase, 1762. Following its destruction by Indians on Oct. 15, 1763, no further settlements were made until 1769. — Map (db m19052) HM
Pennsylvania (Luzerne County), Wilkes-Barre — Daniel J. Flood(1903-1994)
US Congressman from Pa. 11th District, 1944 to 1980. His seniority on the House Appropriations Committee and knowledge of the legislative process enabled him to play a key role establishing national programs such as Medicare, Appalachian urban economic development, and Coal Mine Health and Safety Act. He promoted the strength of US military forces and proliferation of nuclear arms during the Cold War. He resigned from Congress amid controversy. — Map (db m67546) HM
Pennsylvania (Luzerne County), Wilkes-Barre — Fort Durkee
First fort built by the Connecticut settlers; Begun in April 1796. Used during the first Pennamite War against Pennsylvania authorities. 1769-71. It stood 1000 feet from Ft. Wyoming. — Map (db m18591) HM
Pennsylvania (Luzerne County), Wilkes-Barre — Fort Wilkes Barre 1778
This monument was erected by the Wyoming Valley Chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution assisted by the Sons of the Revolution to mark the spot where Fort Wilkes-Barre stood in 1778 at the time of the Wyoming Massacre. The fort was named in honor of John Wilkes and Issac Barre two prominent Englishmen members of the British Parliament who opposed the policy of their government toward the American Colonies. Burr Miller Sculptor — Map (db m68786) HM
Pennsylvania (Luzerne County), Wilkes-Barre — Fort Wyoming
Built by Pennsylvania, 1771; seized by Connecticut settlers. Rebuilt 1778. Mobilization camp for Sullivan's army, 1779. Destroyed 1784, after withdrawal of the Continental and Pennsylvania garrisons. — Map (db m18650) HM
Pennsylvania (Luzerne County), Wilkes-Barre — Franz Kline (1910 - 1962)
This Abstract Expressionist painter, born in Wilkes-Barre, helped establish the international reputation of American artists in the 1950's. Kline's "Action Painting" is noted for bold, emotionally charged brushstrokes and non-representational subjects. The stark anthracite landscape of his native region inspired Kline's most famous work: his black and white paintings of the 1950s, including "Lehigh, Luzerne, and Pittston. — Map (db m18624) HM
Pennsylvania (Luzerne County), Wilkes-Barre — Fred Morgan Kirby(1861-1940)
Pioneer of the 5 & 10 cent store sales concept. He opened his first store in Wilkes-Barre in 1884. In 1912, he merged his 96 retail stores with F. W. Woolworth to form the vast international retail chain. A philanthropist, he made significant gifts to institutions of higher education for the study of civil rights, and gifts for public health and recreation services in northeastern Pennsylvania. He resided here from 1905 to 1940. — Map (db m18596) HM
Pennsylvania (Luzerne County), Wilkes-Barre — George Catlin
The great painter of Indian portraits was born here July 26 1796 of Connecticut ancestry. Until 1823 he practiced law here and nearby. He began painting Indian pictures six years later. — Map (db m18590) HM
Pennsylvania (Luzerne County), Wilkes-Barre — Jesse Fell(1751-1830)
At his tavern here on Feb. 11, 1808, Fell burned “stone coal” successfully in an open grate. This famed experiment spurred the rise of the anthracite industry & the Wyoming Valley's growth. He was a judge, 1798-1830; first burgess of Wilkes-Barre, 1806. — Map (db m67549) HM
Pennsylvania (Luzerne County), Wilkes-Barre — Luzerne County
Formed September 25, 1786 from Northumberland County. Named for Chevalier de la Luzerne. Wilkes-Barre, the county seat, was settled 1769. A center of the Yankee-Pennamite Wars (begun 1769) and 1902 Anthracite Strike, conflicts that changed America. — Map (db m31946) HM
Pennsylvania (Luzerne County), Wilkes-Barre — Lyman H. Howe(1856-1923)
From headquarters in Wilkes-Barre, Howe's six touring shows introduced motion pictures to rural Americans. Pioneer exhibitor of "high class" film programs with coordinated sound. Filmed world & local events, including Pres. Theodore Roosevelt's visit here in 1905. — Map (db m18599) HM
Pennsylvania (Luzerne County), Wilkes-Barre — Min L. Matheson(1909-1992)
Prominent labor, community, and civic leader. She headed the Wyoming Valley District of the ILGWU, 1944-1963. With her husband Bill, she confronted corrupting influences & other obstacles in building a membership of 11,000. Created under their leadership were a model workers' education program, health care center, and traveling chorus. Later, she led efforts on behalf of flood victims after Tropical Storm Agnes in 1992. — Map (db m67547) HM
Pennsylvania (Luzerne County), Wilkes-Barre — Rev. John J. Curran
Founding pastor of Holy Savior Parish in 1895. Known as the Labor Priest, he championed the workers' cause and was instrumental in settling the Anthracite Strike of 1902. He was a friend of Theodore Roosevelt, who visited here often. — Map (db m19059) HM
Pennsylvania (Luzerne County), Wilkes-Barre — Teedyuscung(ca. 1700-1763)
Called “King of the Delawares,” he upheld the dignity of Native Americans and strove to protect their right to land in Pennsylvania. Baptized by the Moravians, he established the Wyoming Valley's last Delaware & Mahican settlement near this site in 1754. A buffer between the Iroquois and Connecticut settlers, he represented his people in conferences at Easton, 1756-1762. He died when his cabin burned down here, April 19, 1763. — Map (db m67623) HM
Pennsylvania (Luzerne County), Wilkes-Barre — The Sullivan Expedition against the Iroquois Indians — 1779
Fort Wyoming Mobilization Camp of Sullivan's Army June 23 - July 31 1779 — Map (db m18759) HM
Pennsylvania (Luzerne County), Wilkes-Barre — U.S.S. Wilkes Barre
These anchors and bell are preserved here as a memorial to a valiant ship, the U.S.S. Wilkes-Barre. CL 103 was a 10,000-ton Cleveland Class Cruiser, launched December 24, 1943, commissioned July 1, 1944, and attached to the Pacific Fleet, Cruiser Division Seventeen. Becoming a part of Task Force 18, Third Fleet, the cruiser took part in bombardments against the enemy at French Indo–China, China, Iwo Jima, Okinawa and Japan. During the Okinawa Campaign, the U.S.S. Wilkes-Barre aided the . . . — Map (db m18764) HM
Pennsylvania (Luzerne County), Wilkes-Barre — Wilkes-Barre
Laid out 1770 by a group of Connecticut settlers, on land claimed by that state. Seat of "County of Westmoreland," erected 1776. Near here took place the Wyoming Massacre, 1778, and the "Pennamite Wars" of 1769-72 and 1784. — Map (db m19060) HM
Pennsylvania (Luzerne County), Wilkes-Barre — Wilkes-Barre
Laid out 1770 by a group of Connecticut settlers, on land claimed by that state. Seat of "County of Westmoreland," erected 1776. Near here took place the Wyoming Massacre, 1778, and the "Pennamite Wars" of 1769-72 and 1784. — Map (db m32163) HM
Pennsylvania (Luzerne County), Wilkes-Barre — Wilkes-Barre Fort
Completed 1778, Inclosing the courthouse of the Connecticut county of Westmoreland. Surrendered with Forty Fort to the British in 1778. — Map (db m19098) HM
Pennsylvania (Luzerne County), Wilkes-Barre — William Camp Gildersleeve(1795-1871)
Prominent merchant and ardent abolitionist significant to the Underground Railroad in Wilkes-Barre. He provided refuge to fugitive slaves at his home and business near here. In 1853, Gildersleeve testified in a U.S. Supreme Court case, Maxwell vs. Righter, in which a fugitive, William Thomas, was shot and wounded by deputy U.S. marshals. The case and his testimony received national attention, especially in African American newspapers. — Map (db m67617) HM
Pennsylvania (Luzerne County), Wilkes-Barre — William G. McGowan(1927-1992)
Founder of MCI Communications. MCI challenged AT&T's monopoly of the telephone industry and went on to become one of the nation's leaders in that field. McGowan was also a major financial contributor to many medical institutions and fields of research. He was a native of Ashley. — Map (db m67496) HM
Pennsylvania (Luzerne County), Wilkes-Barre — Wyoming Division Canal
Built by the State of Pennsylvania, 1831-34, this canal opened the Wyoming Valley's anthracite field to the mid-Atlantic coal trade. Along with the railroads, it ultimately enabled this valley to become the world's largest anthracite coal producer. Part of the North Branch Canal, the line ran 17 miles from West Nanticoke to Pittston; a public boat basin was on this site. The Wyoming Division closed in 1882. — Map (db m18623) HM
Pennsylvania (Luzerne County), Wyoming — Battle of Wyoming
Nearby on July 3, 1778, 300 patriots under Col. Zebulon Butler were defeated by 1100 British, Tories, and Indians with Maj. Gen. John Butler. Captives were massacred; survivors fled to Forty Fort. — Map (db m18895) HM
Pennsylvania (Luzerne County), Wyoming — Battlefield of Wyoming
Between 4 and 5 o'clock in the afternoon of July 3, 1778, an American force of about 300 men, led by Col. Zebulon Butler, Col. Nathan Denison, Lieut. Col. George Dorrance and Major Jonathan Garrett formed in line of battle east and west of this spot, then advanced in a northerly direction about a mine and attacked some 700 British and Indians, but were driven back beyond this point and of the Americans engaged more than half of them were slain in the battle and in the massacre that followed. . . . — Map (db m10515) HM
Pennsylvania (Luzerne County), Wyoming — The Bloody Rock
On the night of July 3, 1778, after the Battle of Wyoming, fourteen or more captive American soldiers were murdered here by a maul wielded by a revengeful Indian woman, traditionally but not certainly identified as "Queen Esther." — Map (db m18847) HM
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