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Lynchburg Markers
Virginia, Lynchburg — 91st Ohio Volunteer Infantry
Placed in memory of the brave soldiers of the 91st Ohio Volunteer Infantry "Bloody Buckeye Boys in Blue" Who gave their lives during the Battle of Lynchburg June 17-18, 1864 to preserve the Union 1st Lieutenant George B. Stroup • D Company Sergeant Colvin Stiles • F Company Corporal John Bell • D Company Private William Dickey • I Company Private Louis Graham • C Company Private Samuel L. McKee • I Company Private William Randall • F Company Private Isaac . . . — Map (db m54375) HM
Virginia, Lynchburg — Q-6 19 — Abram Frederick Biggers and Biggers School
Abram Frederick Biggers (1838 - 1879), a lawyer by profession, was appointed the first superintendent of the Lynchburg and Campbell County schools in 1870. As a part of his effort to build a strong system, Biggers toured northern states to study their schools. He is credited with building one of the best school systems in the state. The Lynchburg schools opened to more than 700 students segregated by race in nine rented buildings. Biggers School, designed by August Forsburg, was the largest in . . . — Map (db m54467) HM
Virginia, Lynchburg — Q-6 16 — Allen Weir Freeman, M.D.7 Jan. 1881 - 3 July 1954
Born at 416 Main Street, Allen W. Freeman, brother of editor and historian Douglas Southall Freeman, was a pioneer in public health administration and education. He was educated at the University of Richmond and the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine in Baltimore, Md. He served as medical inspector of the Richmond City Health Department; first assistant commissioner of health for Virginia; epidemiologist, U.S. Public Health Service; commissioner of health for Ohio; professor and dean, . . . — Map (db m54457) HM
Virginia, Lynchburg — Q-6-12 — Carter Glass
Born January 4, 1858, in a house which stood on this site. Newspaper publisher; member of the State Senate and delegate to the State Constitutional Convention of 1901–1902; member of the United States House of Representatives, 1902-1918, and principal author of the Federal Reserve Act; Secretary of the Treasury, 1919–1920; member of the United States Senate from 1920 until his death in 1946. — Map (db m46506) HM
Virginia, Lynchburg — K 146 — Chestnut Hill
Nearby stood Chestnut Hill, the home of Charles Lynch, Sr. He was the father of John Lynch, the founder of Lynchburg, and of Charles Lynch, Jr., a Revolutionary officer. Charles Lynch, Sr., died in 1753 and is believed to be buried at Chestnut Hill. The wooden house was later owned by Judge Edmond Winston and then by Henry Langhorne, during whose occupancy it burned. Members of the Lynch family were among the first Quaker settlers in the area. — Map (db m54402) HM
Virginia, Lynchburg — Civil War in LynchburgPrisoner-of-War Camp
This was the site of a Confederate training camp and Union prisoner-of-war camp during the Civil War. Before Virginia seceded from the Union in April 1861, the population of Lynchburg doubled with the influx of soldiers from other parts of the state, as well as from throughout the Confederacy. Virginians were housed at Camp Davis in Lynchburg, while other soldiers bivouacked here at the fairgrounds just outside the city. At first, all prisoners-of-war are to be detained in Richmond, . . . — Map (db m58361) HM
Virginia, Lynchburg — Civil War LynchburgSupplying Lee’s Army — Battle of Lynchburg
Established in 1786, Lynchburg was a thriving commercial center famous for its tobacco and manufacturing industries when Fort Sumter, South Carolina was bombarded in April 1861 and the Civil War began. Lynchburg’s Fair Grounds and Camp Davis immediately began receiving troops for training from all over the South. During the war, the city’s foundries and factories produced munitions, mills ground flour for rations, and railway trains and canal boats transported men and supplies to the front. . . . — Map (db m3935) HM
Virginia, Lynchburg — Q-18 — Court Street Baptist Church
The congregation was organized in 1843, when Lynchburg’s African American Baptists were separated from First Baptist Church. The new African Baptist Church of Lynchburg met in a converted theater. It was demolished in 1879, after the deaths of eight people during a panic caused by fear of structural collapse. Church members provided all the money to buy land at Sixth and Court Street for a new building. Local architect Robert C. Burkholder designed the church, combining the Romanesque . . . — Map (db m46591) HM
Virginia, Lynchburg — Q-6 5 — Defense Works
On the crest of the hill just to the south was a redoubt forming part of the defenses thrown up by General D. H. Hill, June, 1864. These works were held by General Imboden's cavalry. A military road was constructed to connect this point with Fort McCausland. Signs of this road may still be seen in old Rivermont Park. — Map (db m54445) HM
Virginia, Lynchburg — Q6 17 — Douglas Southall Freeman
Born at 416 Main Street on 16 May 1886, the son of a Confederate veteran, Douglas Southall Freeman moved with his family to Richmond three years later. He graduated from the University of Richmond in 1904 and earned a doctorate from Johns Hopkins University in 1908. Freeman subsequently held several posts as an educator and editor, but he is best known as the editor of the Richmond News Leader (1915-1949) and as the author of Pulitzer Prize-winning biographies of Robert E. Lee and George . . . — Map (db m54455) HM
Virginia, Lynchburg — Federal Hill
Lynchburg's first residential suburb became part of the city by annexation in 1814 and 1819. Houses within the neighborhood's nine block area represent over a hundred years of architectural styles that include Federal, Greek Revival, Italianate, Second Empire, Queen Anne, Colonial Revival and Georgian Revival. It was on this hill in 1855 that gas as a heating and light source was first introduced into a private home in Lynchburg. Local historic district designated by City of Lynchburg — Map (db m54416) HM
Virginia, Lynchburg — Q–6-1 — Fort Early
Named for Confederate Lt. Gen. Jubal A. Early, this roughly square earthen redoubt served as a part of the outer line of defense for Lynchburg in June 1864. Fort Early and the outer fortifications were constructed to provide additional protection for the vital railroad facilities in Lynchburg threatened by Union Maj. Gen. David Hunter’s troops after Early arrived on 17 June. On 18 June, Hunter advanced his troops towards Confederate positions, while Union artillery bombarded Fort Early and . . . — Map (db m3602) HM
Virginia, Lynchburg — Fort EarlyThe Confederate Center — Battle of Lynchburg
Following the Confederate defeat at Gettysburg in July 1863, Lynchburg’s citizens became concerned about the lack of defenses around the city. Gen. Francis Nicholls, post commander, prepared a series of earthen redoubts and trenches at strategic points to take advantage of Lynchburg’s topography. He designed the earthen redoubt here to protect an artillery battery covering the Lynchburg-Salem Turnpike (Fort Ave.). When Union Gen. David Hunter attacked Lynchburg in June 1864, he advanced his . . . — Map (db m41499) HM
Virginia, Lynchburg — Q-6-2 — Fort McCausland
The fort on the hill here was constructed by General J.A. Early to protect the approach to Lynchburg from the west. Union cavalry skirmished with the Confederates along the road immediately west of the fort. The Unionists, driven back by General McCausland, were unable to enter the city from this direction. — Map (db m3600) HM
Virginia, Lynchburg — Fort McCauslandThe Confederate Right Flank — Battle of Lynchburg
To your right, Confederates built an earthen redoubt in 1864 to defend the strategic Virginia & Tennessee Railroad trestle over Ivy Creek. The six-gun battery of the Botetourt Artillery manned the redoubt and a position on the other side of Forest Road (Langhorne Road) crossing in front. To capture Lynchburg, Union Gen. David Hunter had divided his army and sent Gen. Alfred N.A. Duffie’s cavalry to seize the city by turning the Confederate right flank. Gen. John McCausland cavalry moved to . . . — Map (db m3924) HM
Virginia, Lynchburg — Grave of John Lynch
Founder of Lynchburg, who was the proprietor of lands upon which the city is built and for whom the city is named. A zealous Quaker, benevolent gentleman and promoter of whatever advanced the general good of his community. Born 1740 Died October 31, 1820. — Map (db m54418) HM
Virginia, Lynchburg — Hull of the Packet Boat Marshall
Famous canal boat of the James River and Kanawha Company, which conveyed the body of Stonewall Jackson from Lynchburg to Lexington, May 13, 1863 — Map (db m54372) HM
Virginia, Lynchburg — Q-6 9 — Inner Defences
Near here ran the line of inner defences located by Gen. D. H. Hill, June, 1864. He had been sent from Petersburg by Gen. Beauregard to assist Gen. Breckinridge then in command. On Gen. Early’s arrival, troops were moved to the outer work. — Map (db m15539) HM
Virginia, Lynchburg — Q-6 3 — Inner Defenses1864
Here ran the Inner line of Lynchburg defenses thrown up by General D. H. Hill in June, 1864. General John C. Breckinridge. Confronting General Hunter in the Shenandoah Valley, made a forced march to forestall Hunter. Hill constructed a shallow line of trenches, occupied by Breckinridge, and hospital convalescents and Home Guards. It became a reserve line when General Early arrived. — Map (db m15541) HM
Virginia, Lynchburg — Q-6 8 — Inner Defenses
Here, facing west, ran the inner defenses of the city, located by General D. H. Hill. They were constructed by convalescents and home guards. General Early, after an inspection of the system, moved most of the men to the outer works well to the westward. — Map (db m54452) HM
Virginia, Lynchburg — Q-6 7 — Inner Defenses 1864
A line of shallow entrenchments extended from near this point along the crest of the hill to the east. These works were occupied by the cadets of the Virginia Military Institute, who had marched here with General Breckinridge after the Institute at Lexington was burned by General Hunter. — Map (db m54450) HM
Virginia, Lynchburg — K-142 — John Daniel’s Home
This Federal-style mansion was built by John Marshall Warwick in 1826. It was the birthplace of John Warwick Daniel, grandson of the builder, whose father was Judge William Daniel, resident of nearby Point of Honor. John W. Daniel was known as the “Lame Lion of Lynchburg” due to extensive wounds suffered during the Civil War. He later served in the Virginia Assembly as both delegate and senator and for sixteen years in the United States Congress as congressman and senator. — Map (db m46564) HM
Virginia, Lynchburg — John Warwick Daniel
(west face) John Warwick Daniel • Born in Lynchburg, September 5, 1842 • Died in Lynchburg, June 29, 1910 • Foremost and best loved Virginian of his time. (north face) Major in the Army of Northern Virginia, and for twenty-four years a Senator of the United States from Virginia. (east face) Soldier • Jurist • Statesman (north face) Erected by the municipality and citizens of Lynchburg, and other admirers • 1913 — Map (db m57288) HM
Virginia, Lynchburg — Jubal Early Memorial
Memorial to Jubal Anderson Early, Lieutenant General C.S.A., and to the brave Confederate soldiers under him who came to the rescue of Lynchburg when it was threatened by an invasion of Federal forces and erected these earthworks behind which they intrenched themselves in their defense of the city. — Map (db m3601) HM
Virginia, Lynchburg — Kemper Street StationHistory
The new Kemper Street Station, which opened on October 31, 1912, was one of many improvements made in Lynchburg by Southern Railway to double track its mainline between Atlanta and Washington, D.C. The Rivermont Tunnel, the James River Bridge, and the high steel trestles like those over Fishing Creek and Blackwater Creek were built to bypass the congestion in Lynchburg’s Lower Basin where Southern Railway and its predecessors had been located since before the Civil War. Architect Frank P. . . . — Map (db m57298) HM
Virginia, Lynchburg — Latham's Battery
This tablet marks the location of the gun house of Latham's Battery. Organized May 28th, 1860. Left Lynchburg on the 23rd of April, 1861 and was mustered into the service of the C.S.A. on the 25th of April, 1861 with 95 men on roll; was known as Co. D, 38th Battalion, Virginia Artillery, Picketts Division. Officers Captain H. Gray Latham Promoted to rank of Major and transferred. James Dearing Promoted to rank of Brig.-Gen. and transferred. Jospeh G. Blount Promoted to . . . — Map (db m54376) HM
Virginia, Lynchburg — Q 6-21 — Luke Jordan, Blues Pioneer
Singer-guitarist Luke Jordan (1892-1952) was a familiar presence on the streets of Lynchburg from the 1920s until World War II. Jordan and other African American musicians in the Southeast merged blues with an existing repertoire of ballads, ragtime, and tent-show songs, creating a syncopated and upbeat style now called Piedmont or East Coast Blues. The Victor Record Company, seeking blues artists to satisfy popular demand, recorded Jordan in 1927 and 1929, issuing classics such as "Church Bell . . . — Map (db m54458) HM
Virginia, Lynchburg — LynchburgEarly and Hunter
In early May 1864, while Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee confronted the Union Army of the Potomac west of Fredericksburg, Union Gen. U.S. Grant sent Gen. Franz Sigel’s army to destroy Lee’s supplies in the Shenandoah Valley. After the Union defeat at New Market on May 15, Grant relieved Sigel and ordered his replacement, Gen. David Hunter, to seize Lynchburg, a strategic railway and supply center for the Confederate army. Hunter routed Confederate forces at Piedmont June 5th, captured both . . . — Map (db m3942) HM
Virginia, Lynchburg — Q-6-11 — Lynchburg
In 1757 John Lynch opened a ferry here; in 1765 a church was built. In 1786 Lynchburg was established by act of Assembly; in 1791 the first tobacco warehouse was built. Lynchburg was incorporated as a town in 1805. In 1840 the James River and Kanawha Canal, from Richmond to Lynchburg, was opened; the section to Buchanan in 1851. Lynch­burg became a city in 1852. Trains began running on the first railroad, the Virginia and Tennessee, in 1852. Lynchburg was a main military supply center, . . . — Map (db m46461) HM
Virginia, Lynchburg — LynchburgOld Court House
The Old Court House was completed in 1855 and was occupied by the Circuit and Hustings Courts and the Lynchburg city government. During the Civil War, Lynchburg became a center for war munitions, army supplies, troop training and medical facilities because of its location on the railway network and the James River and Kanawha Canal. Attacked by Federal forces in June 1864, Lynchburg was successfully defended by Gen. Jubal A. Early. After Mayor William D. Branch surrendered the city April . . . — Map (db m54378) HM
Virginia, Lynchburg — Lynchburg Civil War HospitalsKnight and Miller Tobacco Factories — Battle of Lynchburg
These tobacco factories, built in 1845, were typical of the nineteen in Lynchburg converted into hospitals during the Civil War. Surgeon J.K. Page supervised Knight’s and Miller’s as divisions of General Hospital No. 2. The Thirty-two hospitals established in Lynchburg treated 3,000 to 4,000 patients at any given time, a remarkable achievement since Lynchburg’s 1860 population was 6,853. Citizens opened their own homes after major battle such as Gettysburg and the Wilderness when the deluge of . . . — Map (db m41500) HM
Virginia, Lynchburg — Q-6-13 — Lynchburg College
Lynchburg College was founded in 1903 as Virginia Christian College by Dr. Josephus Hopwood and a group of Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) clergymen and lay leaders. It is one of the earliest colleges in Virginia to be founded as a coeducational institution. Its name was changed to Lynchburg College in 1919. The former Westover Hotel served as the college’s original building. Renamed Westover Hall, it was dismantled in 1970. Hopwood Hall, designed in the Classical Revival style . . . — Map (db m65389) HM
Virginia, Lynchburg — Lynchburg Confederate Soldiers Monument
(front) 1861—1865 Our Confederate Soldiers (rear) Erected by the Daughters of the Confederacy of Lynchburg, Virginia in 1899, to commemorate the heroism of our Confederate Soldiers (side) Kirk Wood Otey Chapter U.D.C. (side) Old Dominion Chapter U.D.C. — Map (db m54488) HM
Virginia, Lynchburg — M 60 — Lynchburg Defenses
The earthwork on the hilltop, two hundred yards to the east, was thrown up as a part of the system of defenses for Lynchburg, 1861-65. The city was an important supply base and railroad center. — Map (db m54444) HM
Virginia, Lynchburg — Lynchburg HistoryNinth and Main Streets
The James River originates in the mountains to the west and flows through Lynchburg and Richmond before reaching the Chesapeake Bay. In 1757, the Lynch family built a ferry across the James River ahead of you at the foot of this hill; today, the Langley Fountain marks the ferry location. The settlement that became Lynchburg grew around the ferry landing. From there, tobacco and other crops were shipped downriver on the James River and Kanawha Canal using canoes, batteaux, and canal boats. . . . — Map (db m54490) HM
Virginia, Lynchburg — Lynchburg HistoryChurch and Ninth Streets
Monument Terrace, completed in 1925, links Church Street with Court Street via 132 steps and 10 landings. The bronze statue, The Listening Post, created by Charles Keck, commemorates Lynchburg’s World War I dead. Several other memorials have been installed since then on the steps and landings. The Confederate statue at the top of Monument Terrace has a time capsule in its base that holds Confederate currency, replica flags, photographs of local veterans, and hair from Traveller (Gen. . . . — Map (db m54492) HM
Virginia, Lynchburg — Lynchburg HistoryCommerce Street and Horseford Road
Horseford Road is named for the nearby ford that Virginia Indians and early settlers used to cross the James River. During the 19th century, this area was home to tobacco factories, flour mills, and iron foundries. The large red brick building to your left rear on Main Street was built in 1880 as the Bowman-Moore Tobacco Factory. Although smoking tobacco was manufactured and marketed here, much of Lynchburg’s tobacco was processed into chewing tobacco. In these factories, stems were removed . . . — Map (db m54493) HM
Virginia, Lynchburg — Lynchburg HistoryCourt Street and Monument Terrace
This area became known as Court House Hill when the first courthouse was built here in 1813. The district contains a variety of architectural styles and notable churches, as well as the city’s 1855 Old Court House, now the Lynchburg Museum. There are four active courts nearby: Federal, Circuit, General District, and Juvenile and Domestic Relations. The Confederate statue to your left was dedicated in 1900 and has a time capsule embedded in its base. Inside the capsule are Civil War-related . . . — Map (db m54494) HM
Virginia, Lynchburg — Lynchburg HistoryMain and Fifth Streets
Fifth Street was known as Ferry Road early in the 1800s. Pulitzer Prize-winning author Douglas Southall Freeman was born nearby in 1886. By the mid-20th century, thirty African American-owned businesses lined Fifth Street, the center of black life in Lynchburg before integration. They included a theater, funeral homes, nightclubs, and restaurants. Old City Cemetery, at Fifth and Taylor Streets, was established in 1806 and is one of the oldest public cemeteries still in use in the United . . . — Map (db m54495) HM
Virginia, Lynchburg — Q-6 10 — Miller-Claytor House
This building formerly stood at Eighth and Church streets. It now stands one block north. It was built by John Miller about 1791. Thomas Wiatt bought the house, long known as the “Mansion House.” Samuel Claytor purchased it in 1825. For many years doctors' offices were here. For ninety years the house was owned by the Page family. The Lynchburg Historical Society moved and restored it. — Map (db m54459) HM
Virginia, Lynchburg — L 21 — Montview
Montview was constructed in 1923 as the home of Senator and former Secretary of the U.S. Treasury, Carter Glass. Glass served in the House of Representatives and Senate from 1902 to 1946 and was known as the “Father of the Federal Reserve System” in recognition of which his likeness appears on the $50,000 Treasury note. Glass was a co-sponsor of the Glass-Steagall Act of 1933. In 1941, he was sworn in as President Pro-Tem of the U.S. Senate on the sun porch of Montview. — Map (db m55733) HM
Virginia, Lynchburg — Mr. Elder’s Rose Garden
Lawrence Lloyd Elder (1896-1964) was a valued employee of the City of Lynchburg for over 34 years. His special domain was gardening and his responsibility the greenhouses in Miller Park where the city’s flowers were raised for use in the parks. Later he was assigned the care of nearby municipal properties, including Monument Terrace, the Court House, the Post Office and the roses in the Confederate Cemetery. In the adjoining remote area he also tended his personal garden of roses, . . . — Map (db m46507) HM
Virginia, Lynchburg — Q-6 6 — Mustered and Disbanded 1861-1865
At this point the Second Virginia Cavalry was mustered into service, May 10, 1861. At the same place the remnant of this regiment was disbanded, April 10, 1865, completing a service of four years lacking one month. The regiment participated in many campaigns and engagements. — Map (db m54447) HM
Virginia, Lynchburg — Old City CemeteryLynchburg, Virginia — Civil War Sites
“With a graveyard on one side, quartermaster’s glanders stable on the other, and smallpox hospital in the middle, one (is) reminded of the mortality of man.” “A Confederate Surgeon’s Story,” Confederate Veteran, 1931, John Jay Terrell, M.D. This Old City Cemetery served three distinct and important roles in the Civil War: it was a burial ground for over 2200 soldiers, both Union Confederate; it was the location of the Pest House smallpox quarantine hospital; and it was . . . — Map (db m41502) HM
Virginia, Lynchburg — Packet Boat MarshallBringing Stonewall Jackson Home
After Gen. Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson died on May 10, 1863 as a result of wounds suffered a week earlier at the Battle of Chancellorsville, his body was transported first to Richmond for public mourning and then to Lexington for burial. Much of the journey was by train, but the last leg was by water, aboard the James River and Kanawha Canal packet boat Marshall. On Wednesday, May 13, the train bearing Jackson’s remains pulled into Lynchburg’s Orange and Alexandria . . . — Map (db m54371) HM
Virginia, Lynchburg — Q-6 22 — Pearl S. Buck
Internationally known author and humanitarian Pearl Sydenstricker Buck (1892-1973) graduated in 1914 from Randolph-Macon Women’s College, where she wrote for the college’s literary magazine. She was the author of more than 70 books, many of which were best sellers. In 1932, Buck received the Pulitzer Prize for the widely read novel The Good Earth. In 1938 she became the first United States woman to receive the Nobel Prize for literature. At the time of Buck’s death, she was one of the . . . — Map (db m54463) HM
Virginia, Lynchburg — Point of Beginning
In October, 1786, the General Assembly approved that 45 acres of land belonging to John Lynch be laid off in half-acre lots to establish a town by the name of Lynchburg. The original trustees Charles Brooks, Jesse Burton, John Callaway, John Clarke, Adam Clement, Achilles Douglas, Charles Lynch, William Martin, Micajah Moorman, Joseph Stratton, designated a spot near here as the beginning point for all surveys. — Map (db m46483) HM
Virginia, Lynchburg — Point of HonorSpies in Lynchburg
Col. Robert Owen, president of the Virginia and Tennessee Railroad, owned Point of Honor during the war. This railroad, one of three that served Lynchburg, transported thousands of Confederate troops as well as wounded, supplies, prisoners of war, and refugees. It connected Lynchburg to Bristol, Tennessee, where it joined other southern railroads, and formed a strategically vital western supply lifeline for Gen. Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia. The tracks here ran along Blackwater . . . — Map (db m54373) HM
Virginia, Lynchburg — L 23 — Point of Honor
Point of Honor stands half a mile to the northeast. Built for Dr. George Cabell Sr. in 1815, this refined Federal-style house is stylistically linked to dwellings in Richmond such as the Hancock-Wirt-Caskie House. According to local tradition, duels were fought on the property. Cabell onwed the 750-acre plantation on which the house stands, as well as a nearby tobacco warehouse. Point of Honor retains most of its original architectural features and after its restoration the house was opened to the public as a museum in 1977. — Map (db m54419) HM
Virginia, Lynchburg — Quaker Meeting HouseThe Battle Begins — Battle of Lynchburg
From here in June 1864, Confederate cavalrymen watched Gen. David Hunter’s Union army advance toward them on the Lynchburg-Salem Turnpike (Fort Ave). Hunter departed Lexington on June 14 and crossed the Blue Ridge Mountains near Peaks of Otter. Liberty (Bedford) fell the next day, but Confederate Gen. John McCausland’s cavalry was so successful in delaying Hunter’s army that it did not reach the ridge seen in the distance until the afternoon of June 17. Gen. John D. Imboden’s cavalry joined . . . — Map (db m3928) HM
Virginia, Lynchburg — L 20 — Quaker Meeting House
In the mid-18th century, members of the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers) settled in the Lynchburg area, initially worshiping in one another's houses. According to local tradition, the first meetinghouse was constructed here of logs in 1757 and enlarged in 1763. In 1768 it burned and the next year a frame church was built. It stood until 1792, when construction began on a stone meetinghouse completed in 1798. It deteriorated after 1835 as many Quakers, who opposed slavery, emigrated from . . . — Map (db m54403) HM
Virginia, Lynchburg — Q-6 14 — Randolph-Macon Woman's College
Founded by Dr. William Waugh Smith in 1891 and opened in 1893 as a member of the Randolph-Macon System of Educational Institutions, this liberal arts college has been recognized from its opening year for its high standards of scholarship. The scenic campus of 100 acres extends to the James River. — Map (db m54462) HM
Virginia, Lynchburg — Q-6 24 — Safe Haven in Lynchburg: Project Y
In 1951, the National Gallery of Art established a secret emergency repository (Code named Project Y) for its distinguished collection of art on the campus of Randolph-Macon Woman's College. The specially designed reinforced concrete building, situated at the end of Quinlan Street, was built for use in the event of national crisis during the Cold War. In exchange for ownership and use of the facility, the college made it available to the National Gallery for 50 years for emergency purposes. The . . . — Map (db m54464) HM
Virginia, Lynchburg — Q-6-18 — Samuel D. Rockenbach1869–1952 — Brigadier General, U.S. Army Cavalry
Nearby at 805 Madison Street is the birthplace of General Rocken­bach, “Father of the U.S. Army Tank Corps.” He began his education in Lynch­burg schools and was honor graduate of Virginia Military Institute in 1889. As first chief of the Army’s tank corps in 1917, he pioneered training schools and field or­gani­za­tion for tank warfare in World War 1. — Map (db m46562) HM
Virginia, Lynchburg — SanduskyHunter's Headquarters — Battle of Lynchburg
Union Gen. David Hunter’s army reached the outskirts of Lynchburg on June 17, 1864, despite being delayed by engagements with Gen. John McCausland’s Confederate cavalry. That evening, Hunter made his headquarters here at Sandusky, aware that Confederate reinforcements were arriving. He remained confident, however, that he could carry out Gen. Ulysses S. Grant’s orders to capture Lynchburg. That night, in Sandusky’s parlor, Hunter and his commanders planned the assault on Confederate Gen. Jubal . . . — Map (db m3923) HM
Virginia, Lynchburg — L 22 — Sandusky
To the northwest is Sandusky, built by Charles Johnston about 1808. He named it after a place in Ohio where Indians had held him prisoner in 1790. The two-story structure was one of the Lynchburg area's first houses to display the details and refinement of high-style Federal architecture. In 1864, during the Battle of Lynchburg, Sandusky served as headquarters for Union Maj. Gen. David Hunter. Future presidents Rutherford B. Hayes and William McKinley served on Hunter's staff. Hunter had been a . . . — Map (db m54420) HM
Virginia, Lynchburg — Second Virginia Cavalry, C.S.A.
Here, on the 10th of May, 1861, the Second Virginia Cavalry, C.S.A., was organized. Here, on the 10th of April, 1865, the same command, after years of valiant service with the Army of Northern Virginia, and after cutting its way through the enemy's lines at Appomattox; was regularly disbanded. Desirous of commemorating these memorable events, I have directed this tablet to be placed here. Claude A. Swanson Governor of Virgina — Map (db m54449) HM
Virginia, Lynchburg — Soldiers, Sailors, and Marines of the Spanish American War
1898 - 1902 Erected by R.E Craighill Camp No. 11 Dept. of Virginia United Spanish- war Veterans — Map (db m20233) HM
Virginia, Lynchburg — Spring Hill CemeteryConfederate Generals Rest — Battle of Lynchburg
During the Battle of Lynchburg on June 17-18, 1864, Confederate Gen. Jubal A. Early moved his reserves into the cemetery to reinforce his lines across the Lynchburg-Salem Turnpike (Fort Ave.) at Fort Early. Before dawn on Sunday, June 19, these troops marched forward into the lines to the right of Fort Early, but by then the Union army had retreated. Organized in 1852, Spring Hill Cemetery was designed by John Notman of Philadelphia, noted for Laurel Hill Cemetery in that city and Richmond’s . . . — Map (db m3936) HM
Virginia (Campbell County), Lynchburg — K 149 — Mount Athos
Two miles north stand massive sandstone walls and four chimneys, the ruins of Mount Athos, overlooking a bend of the James River. The house was built about 1800 for William J. Lewis (1766-1828) on land that had been patented in 1742 by John Bolling and called Buffalo Lick Plantation. Lewis, who bought the land from Bolling's heirs in 1796, had commanded riflemen at Yorktown in 1781. He served in the Virginia House of Delegates (1810-1811; 1814-1817) and the U.S. Congress (1817-1819). Mount . . . — Map (db m42896) HM
Virginia (Campbell County), Lynchburg — K 150 — Oxford Furnace
Just south across Little Beaver Creek stand the ruins of the last of three Oxford Iron Works furnaces built in the vicinity. Virginia and Pennsylvania investors began the ironworks nearby between 1768 and 1772 as a small bloomery forge. According to local tradition, James Callaway built the first blast furnace a mile south before the Revolutionary War. David Ross, a Petersburg entrepreneur, bought the property and built the second furnace on another branch of the creek by late 1776. Thomas . . . — Map (db m42897) HM
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