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Macon County Alabama Historical Markers

 
Franklin's Educational Legacy Marker (reverse) image, Click for more information
By Mark Hilton, August 23, 2013
Franklin's Educational Legacy Marker (reverse)
Alabama (Macon County), Franklin — Franklin's Educational Legacy
(obverse) Franklin School, originally constructed on this lot, was in operation as early as the 1890s teaching grades 1-11. By the mid 1930s, it was downsized to grades 1-6. There were northern and southern classrooms adjoined by a common . . . — Map (db m68028) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Little Texas — Little Texas Tabernacle and Campground
The "Little Texas" Methodist Tabernacle and Campground, site of Camp meetings since the 1850's. The Tabernacle-a place of worship-was built by black and white settlers of the area. The original structure was made of hand-hewn timbers, wooden pegs, . . . — Map (db m85462) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Little Texas — Union Christian Church
Union Christian Church began in spring 1897, under a brush arbor approximately 4 miles northeast of this site. Two acres were donated by future Congressman Charlie W. Thompson, of Tuskegee. Rev. John Allen Branch was the first minister. The . . . — Map (db m59636) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Notasulga — Bethlehem — Primitive Baptist Church
<————< Across the highway from this point stood the Primitive Baptist Church Bethlehem — • — from about 1860 A.D. to 1940 A.D. this marker erected by the . . . — Map (db m95107) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Notasulga — Birthplace of Zora Neale Hurston — Notasulga, Alabama — Zora Neale Hurston (1891-1960)
Side 1 Celebrated author Zora Neale Hurston was born in Notasulga on January 7, 1891. Her parents, John Hurston and Lucy Potts met here, at the Macedonia Baptist Church. but moved to Eatonville, Florida where Zora grew up. Through . . . — Map (db m95110) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Notasulga — Camp Watts — Named for Thomas H. Watts — CSA Attorney General (1862-63) and Alabama Governor (1863-65)
The camp on this site served as a military hospital, a camp of conscription and instruction, a supply depot, and a cemetery during the War Between the States. At one time, there were hundreds of headstones and rocks marking the final resting place . . . — Map (db m73529) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Notasulga — Shiloh Missionary Baptist Church - Baptismal
The Baptismal located outside and to the rear of the Church on the school side, was used from 1945 until 1988. All members presenting for baptism were baptized here during those years. Prior to 1945, members were baptized in a nearby body of water. . . . — Map (db m95114) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Notasulga — Shiloh Missionary Baptist Church - Church Privies
The Church Privies are located behind the church. There are mens and womens, each with three toilets. The toilets are original, and are made of solid metal, with attached closable lids. According to the wording on the lids, they were . . . — Map (db m95115) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Notasulga — Shiloh Missionary Baptist Church "The Tree"
It was under this tree that participants in the U.S. Public Health Study of Untreated Syphilis in Negro Males in Macon County, Alabama, met to wait for Nurse Rivers, the Shiloh School nurse, to come and either administer treatment, update health . . . — Map (db m95113) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Notasulga — Shiloh-Rosenwald School / Shiloh Missionary Baptist Church
Side 1 Shiloh-Rosenwald School The Shiloh-Rosenwald School, located in Notasulga, was a collaboration between educator Booker T. Washington and Julius Rosenwald, CEO of Sears. Rosenwald schools are landmarks in the history of . . . — Map (db m95109) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Shorter — George Stiggins — 1788-1845
Unmarked grave in Cubahatchie Baptist Church Cemetery. Half-blooded Creek Indian, planter, soldier, Indian agent, and historian, Stiggins lived on a nearby farm fronting the Federal Road from 1831 until his death. There he wrote "A . . . — Map (db m60534) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Shorter — Pioneer Trail of Methodism
By this former Indian path Matthew Parham Sturdivant came in 1808 as first official representative of the Methodist Episcopal Church in the territory of the present State of Alabama, a missionary from the South Carolina . . . — Map (db m78118) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Shorter — Prairie Farms Resettlement Community
(obverse) Beginning in the mid-1930s during the Great Depression, the federal New Deal promoted Land Resettlement to move farmers across the nation off worn out soil to new farmland. The Resettlement Administration, and its successor the . . . — Map (db m68000) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Shorter — Shorter, Alabama — A New Town in an Older Community
Shorter was originally called Cross Keys for the birthplace in South Carolina of an early settler, J.H. Howard. It was later named Shorter for former Alabama Governor John Gill Shorter. The town embodies the memories of the proud Creek Indian . . . — Map (db m85463) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee — 119 Westside Street — Historic Tuskegee
This two-story brick structure, built in 1870, is an example of the Italianate Style. Many of these buildings no longer exist, being replaced by later growth in downtown districts. The Italianate Style is distinguished by the large upper story . . . — Map (db m100193) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee — Bartram's Trail
William Bartram, America's first native born artist - naturalist, passed through Macon County during the Revolutionary era, making the first scientific notations of its flora, fauna and inhabitants. As the appointed botanist of Britain's King George . . . — Map (db m99676) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee — Booker T. Washington
. . . — Map (db m69096) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee — Brief History of Tuskegee, Alabama
Front Tuskegee consists of 80 square miles and is the county seat of Macon County, Alabama. Tuskegee rests in the heart of the rural Alabama Black Belt and is 40 miles east of Montgomery. Tuskegee was founded by General Thomas S. . . . — Map (db m99679) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee — Butler Chapel AME Zion Church
Before the mid-1960s, Tuskegee’s black population faced many challenges when attempting to register to vote. Furthermore, the State of Alabama redrew the town’s political boundaries in an effort to prevent registered blacks from voting in local . . . — Map (db m69048) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee — Fred David Gray — Civil Rights Attorney and Legislator / Advocate for Victims and History
Side 1 Born in 1930 in Montgomery, Gray was among the foremost civil rights attorneys of the 20th century. Forced by segregation to leave Alabama to attend law school, he vowed to return and "destroy everything segregated I could find." . . . — Map (db m101898) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee — Macon County Confederate Monument
. . . — Map (db m99680) WM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee — Macon County Legal Milestone
Front Macon County was created by the Alabama Legislature on December 18, 1832 and formed out of land formerly belonging to the Creek Indians. The County was named for Nathaniel Macon, a Revolutionary War soldier and long-serving . . . — Map (db m99677) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee — The Oaks — Tuskegee Institute National Historic Site
The actual sight of a first-class house that a Negro has built is ten times more potent than pages of discussion about a house that he ought to build, or perhaps could build. —Booker T. Washington, Up From Slavery . . . — Map (db m101919) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee — The Tuskegee Veterans Administration Hospital
The Tuskegee Veterans Administration Hospital (VA), established in 1923, is significant as the first VA hospital in the nation to be administered by an all African American medical staff. After WWI, African American veterans found it difficult . . . — Map (db m101900) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site — A Bit to Eat
Known as the Tea Room, this small lunchroom was built during the initial expansion phase of Moton Field in 1942 and 1943, when amenities such as offices and bathrooms not built into the original hangar were added. Here, personnel stationed at . . . — Map (db m64362) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site — A Typical Day
Try to imagine how Moton Field looked and sounded when the cadets trained here. Compare the scene today to the photograph below, taken from your vantage point around 1944. As the pace of training accelerated during the war, Moton Field became a . . . — Map (db m64366) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site — Anticipation
During World War II a guard house stood just outside the brick entrance gates to Moton Field. The framed structure closest to you is a representation of the guard house. The historic entrance gates are just beyond. How excited the young cadets must . . . — Map (db m99927) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site — Bath and Locker House
This building was completed in 1941 as a restroom, shower, and locker room for administrative and support personnel. It had facilities for both men and women. Both black and white may have used the building. If so, it almost certainly would have . . . — Map (db m64361) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site — Fire Suppression Pond
A fire at an airfield, with highly flammable materials everywhere, could be catastrophic. The Bath and Locker House fire shown here highlighted the need for a dependable water supply for firefighting. A pond met that need. It also helped control . . . — Map (db m100251) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site — FIRE!
The Fire Protection Shed in front of you was used to store equipment such as hoses, fire extinguishers, and tools for fighting fires. Fire was always a danger at the airfield because of the flammable materials used in airplanes and the fuels . . . — Map (db m64364) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site — Ghost Structures
The Cadet House and the Army Supply Building provided much-needed space when training operations expanded in 1942 and 1943. The Cadet House also held a cadet classroom and waiting room, a coat room, and the Flight Surgeon's Office. The Army Supply . . . — Map (db m100252) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site — Hangar No. 1
In Hangar No. 1 flying became real for the aviation cadet. The hangar housed the main activities of the airfield, including flight debriefings, flight record-keeping, aircraft maintenance, and military and civilian management. Several smaller . . . — Map (db m64365) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site — It Was Called "Dope"
During World War II primary training airplanes were built mostly of wood and fabric. Ground crews sealed and strengthened the fabric with several applications of a highly flammable, explosive acetate coating called "dope." This shed was used to . . . — Map (db m100253) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site — Moton Field Expands
This is the site of Hangar No. 2, completed in early 1944 in response to the tremendous increase in the number of cadets training at Moton Field. The building, nearly identical to Hangar No. 1, contained classrooms, a briefing room, a medical . . . — Map (db m99931) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site — New Vistas
Moton Field was built by Tuskegee Institute, now Tuskegee University, in 1941 after the school contracted with the U.S. Army to provide primary flight training for the nation's first African American military pilots. By the end of World War II . . . — Map (db m99940) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site — Oil Storage Shed
This ventilated shed provided safe and convenient storage for the large quantities and various grades of oil used at Moton Field for the maintenance of airplanes and service vehicles. It has been adapted to house the site's fire protection system. . . . — Map (db m100254) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site — Prepared to Fight and Die
Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site commemorates the contributions of the Tuskegee Airmen during World War II—and to American society afterward. The site preserves Moton Field, where the airmen trained before going to war. Their courageous . . . — Map (db m99938) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site — The Control Tower
From Moton Field’s Control Tower, controllers directed flight operations and signaled landing instructions to pilots through a system of flashing colored lights. Dispatchers called cadets for their flights. The tower overlooked the busy – . . . — Map (db m64363) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site — The Place Where We Learned to Fly
Over 1,000 cadets learned to fly here at Moton Field, taking off and landing on an open, grassy field beyond the structures below. The field was used so intensely for primary flight training during World War II that the aircraft soon rutted the . . . — Map (db m99941) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site — The Tuskegee Airmen
The first African American fighter pilots in the U.S. Army Air Corps were the public face of the Tuskegee Airmen. They made extraordinary contributions to the Allied victory in Europe during World War II. But their success was made possible by the . . . — Map (db m99934) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site — They Came to Tuskegee
Young African American men came to Tuskegee from all over the nation to train as military pilots. They began with primary flight training here at Tuskegee Institute's Moton Field. Tuskegee Institute also had a smaller field, Kennedy Field, where . . . — Map (db m100255) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site — Waiting for the Bus
The tarmac between the two hangars was a busy part of Moton Field. Cadets arriving by bus were dropped off here and went to their duties in preparation for flight training. Others boarded the buses to return to the Tuskegee Institute campus. Fuel . . . — Map (db m99681) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site — Warehouse/Vehicle Storage
This building served as the garage for Moton Field's small fleet of support vehicles. It provided storage at night and "drive-through" vehicle maintenance by day. Rooms on the north side provided office space for maintenance staff and file storage . . . — Map (db m100256) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee Institute — Birth of Trades Program — Tuskegee Institute National Historic Site
We shall prosper . . . as we learn to dignify and glorify labor and put brains and skills into the common occupations of life. —Booker T. Washington Tuskegee Institute's vocational training program began in this . . . — Map (db m101934) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee Institute — Booker T Washington — 1856   1915
[Center] He lifted the Veil of Ignorance from his people and pointed the way to progress through education and industry [Far left] We shall prosper in proportion as we learn to dignify and glorify labor . . . — Map (db m100163) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee Institute — Campus Architect — Tuskegee Institute National Historic Site
. . . I should consider it a far-reaching calamity for us to lose Mr. Taylor at Tuskegee. —Booker T. Washington Look at the buildings around the main quadrangle. Much of what you see is the work of Robert R. Taylor, . . . — Map (db m101929) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee Institute — Carver Research Foundation — 1951
On February 10, 1940 George Washington Carver signed the deed of gift establishing the Carver Foundation with a $33,000 contribution from his personal savings. According to Carver, the foundation was established "for the purpose of combining . . . — Map (db m101912) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee Institute — Carver's Laboratory — Tuskegee Institute National Historic Site
The primary idea in all of my work was to help the farmer and fill the poor man's empty dinner pail . . . —George Washington Carver George Washington Carver taught classes and developed new products from peanuts, . . . — Map (db m101938) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee Institute — Dining and Social Center — Tuskegee Institute National Historic Site
The young women all seated first, and then the young men march in. But no conversation is allowed until . . . a simple grace is chanted by the chorus of a thousand voices. —Booker T. Washington, The Working . . . — Map (db m101926) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee Institute — Dorothy Hall — Tuskegee Institute National Historic Site
We also felt that we must not only teach the students how to prepare their food but how to serve and eat it properly. Booker T. Washington, The Story of My Life and Work Hospitality continues to reign in this . . . — Map (db m100274) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee Institute — Enhancing Health Care — Tuskegee Institute National Historic Site
Let our societies spend less money in taking care of the sick, and much more money in promoting the health of the race . . . . Let us make health contagious in every community rather than disease. —Booker T. Washington, Address . . . — Map (db m101940) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee Institute — Frederick Douglass Hall — 1904
Named for Frederick Douglass, famed runaway slave, abolitionist and statesman. Douglass came to Tuskegee in 1892 and delivered the 11th Annual Commencement address in which he "urged economy, thrift and common sense." Those words of Douglass echoed . . . — Map (db m101908) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee Institute — George Washington Carver — Died in Tuskegee Alabama — January 5, 1943
A life that stood out as a gospel of self-forgetting service. He could have added fortune to fame but caring for neither he found happi- ness and honor in being helpful to the world. The centre of his world was the South where he . . . — Map (db m100165) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee Institute — Great Philanthropists — Tuskegee Institute National Historic Site
I will be very glad to pay the bills for the library building . . . and I am glad of this opportunity to show the interest I have in your noble work. —Andrew Carnegie Carnegie Hall is named for Andrew Carnegie, . . . — Map (db m101923) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee Institute — Historic Quadrangle — Tuskegee Institute National Historic Site
When school is in session, the broad expanse in front of you—the university's main quadrangle—buzzes with activity just as it did in the early 1900s, but life was much more regimented then. Students received demerits if they did not obey . . . — Map (db m101920) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee Institute — Huntington Hall — 1900
Built as a girls dormitory with funds donated by the widow of Collis P. Huntington, philanthropist, and president of the C & O (Chesapeake & Ohio) Railroad. Huntington Hall was designed by architect, Robert R. Taylor, the first African American . . . — Map (db m101907) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee Institute — Lifting the Veil of Ignorance
In this sculpture by Charles Keck, Booker T. Washington lifts the veil of ignorance from the face of a former slave. The open book, plow, and anvil symbolize Washington's guiding principles of opening the path to education through agriculture and . . . — Map (db m99942) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee Institute — Managing the School — Tuskegee Institute National Historic Site
. . . the school is not dependent upon the presence of any one individual. The whole executive force . . . is so organized . . . that the machinery of the school goes on day by day like clockwork. —Booker T. Washington, . . . — Map (db m101922) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee Institute — Porter Hall 1883 / Huntington Academic Building 1905
Porter Hall 1883 Porter Hall was the first building erected on the Tuskegee campus. The building housed administrative offices, library reading and recitation rooms, chapel, kitchen, dining room, living quarters and laundry. It . . . — Map (db m101915) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee Institute — Site of Olivia Davidson Hall — Men's Dormitory
Site of Olivia Davidson Hall Men's Dormitory 1886 – 1954 Originally Samuel Armstrong Hall 1886 - 1892 — Map (db m101914) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee Institute — The Burnt Place — Tuskegee Institute National Historic Site
At the time we occupied the place there were standing upon it a cabin, formerly used as the dining room, an old kitchen, a stable, and an old hen-house. Within a few weeks we had all of these structures in use.   —Booker T. . . . — Map (db m101916) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee Institute — The Tuskegee Airmen's Plaza
This plaza is dedicated to the memory of the Tuskegee Airmen, including General Daniel "Chappie" James, whose training at Tuskegee University and the Tuskegee Army Air Field enabled them to prove for all time the competence and bravery of Black . . . — Map (db m20076) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee Institute — Thomas Monroe Campbell
. . . — Map (db m101917) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee Institute — Thrasher Hall
Thrasher Hall, renovated in 1983. Was built in 1893 by teachers and students using brick they made. Only the exterior walls remain from the original building. The bell above rang for class changes. It was located in the building's bell tower until . . . — Map (db m101905) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee Institute — Tuskegee Cemetery — Tuskegee Institute National Historic Site
More than 8,000 people, White and Colored, rich and poor, from the lowliest farm and the richest Fifth Avenue mansion crowded in and around the school chapel to pay homage [to Booker T. Washington]. —Baltimore Afro-American, . . . — Map (db m99943) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee Institute — Tuskegee Chapel — Tuskegee Institute National Historic Site
. . . I always make it a rule to read a chapter [in the Bible] or a portion of a chapter in the morning, before beginning the work of the day. —Booker T. Washington, Up From Slavery The chapel, designed by Paul . . . — Map (db m100162) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee Institute — Tuskegee University — F-4C Phantom
This U.S. Air Force F-4C Phantom Jet Fighter was flown by General "Chappie" James, Tuskegee University graduate and first Black Four-Star General in the U.S. Armed Services, on his last combat mission--Operation Bold--over Southeast Asia. It flies . . . — Map (db m101902) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee Institute — Up From Slavery — Tuskegee Institute National Historic Site
I determined when quite a small child . . . I would in some way get enough education to enable me to read common books and newspapers. —Booker T. Washington, Up From Slavery Booker T. Washington changed the . . . — Map (db m101932) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee Institute — White Hall — 1910
Named in honor of Alexander Moss White of Brooklyn, New York, with funds donated by his children. This structure opened fall 1909. The building was officially dedicated in January 1910 was a dormitory for women. A bronze tower with clock was added . . . — Map (db m101906) HM

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