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Menard County Markers
Illinois (Menard County), Petersburg — Abraham Lincoln - Eighth Judicial District Petersburg, Illinois County-Seat Marker
Abraham Lincoln traveled this way as he rode the Circuit of the Eighth Judicial District 1847 - 1857 — Map (db m12136) HM
Illinois (Menard County), Petersburg — Dr. Benjamin Franklin Stephenson 1823 - 1871
Founder of the Grand Army of the Republic, Menard County resident, Rush Medical College graduate 1850, Surgeon 14th Illinois Volunteers 1861-1864. He originated the G.A.R. name, ritual and constitution of Post No. 1, Decatur April 6, 1866, called First National G.A.R. Convention and was its First Adjutant General. — Map (db m12315) HM
Illinois (Menard County), Petersburg — Lincoln in Petersburg
After moving to Springfield, Abraham Lincoln would visit the Petersburg area and stay overnight at the Menard House. When Lincoln was on the Judicial Circuit, he traveled from court to court, often sleeping at the local hotel or tavern. With his original stories, he could "make a cat laugh," according to Bernhardt Wall. At the end of a day of platform speeches on the Menard County Courthouse lawn, numerous well-known lawyers, politicians and local citizens would retire to the . . . — Map (db m57373) HM
Illinois (Menard County), Petersburg — Lincoln the Surveyor
Abraham Lincoln surveyed the town of Petersburg certifying his plat on February 17,1836, five days after his 27th birthday. At the time he was still living in New Salem. He later surveyed several additions to the Petersburg plat. Though self-taught, Lincoln was proficient. Following Lincoln's original survey notes, modern surveyors were able to find an original "old broken pot with a bottle in it" that Lincoln had buried as a corner marker over a century before. Tradition has it . . . — Map (db m57371) HM
Illinois (Menard County), Petersburg — The New Salem Lincoln League
The New Salem Lincoln League Dedicates this Memorial in Honor of William Randolph Hearst Who in 1906 purchased the site of New Salem for the Old Salem Chautauqua Association. In 1918, with the consent of Mr. Hearst, this tract was transferred to the State of Illinois thereby fostering the restoration of the village where Lincoln Lived from 1831 to 1837. Erected August 19, 1951 — Map (db m39243) HM
Illinois (Menard County), Petersburg — The Survey of Petersburg
Abraham Lincoln laid out the original sixty blocks of Petersburg, Illinois between November 1835 and February 1836. In 1832, Peter Lukins and George Warburton had laid out a few lots for a new town. Lukins and Warburton played a card game, "Old Sledge," to determine whether the town would be named Petersburg or Georgetown. Lukins won. Both partners sold their stakes in Petersburg within a year. The first detailed survey of the town was undertaken by young Sangamon County Deputy . . . — Map (db m57348) HM
Illinois (Menard County), Tallula — Historic Tree
To the south stands a mature red hawthorne tree, planted around 1930 under the direction of the Garden Clubs of Illinois to beautify the highways leading to Lincoln's new Salem. Several organizations, including the Civilian Conservation Corps, undertook the task digging hundreds of young native trees from nearby farms and planting them along Illinois Routes 97, 125 and 29. The surviving specimens are a reminder that the people of Illinois have long cherished their association with the 16th President of the United States. — Map (db m57346) HM
Illinois (Menard County), Tallula — Mentor Graham 1800 - 1886 Teacher of Abraham Lincoln
"I think I may say that he was my scholar and I was his teacher." At New Salem, Lincoln read Graham's books and in 1833 studied grammar and surveying. Teacher in Kentucky and Illinois more than fifty years, Graham died in South Dakota. In 1933 his remains were removed here. — Map (db m57376) HM
Illinois (Menard County), Tallula — New Salem
The historic village of New Salem lies two miles to the north. The founders of New Salem believed it would someday become a great river port like St. Louis or Cincinnati. ironically, the town vanished after just ten years, being supplanted by the new city of Petersburg, now the seat of Menard County. During its short history, many pioneer families moved in and out of the community in search of new and better opportunities. Abraham Lincoln lived in new Salem from 1831 to 1837. It was here that . . . — Map (db m57344) HM
Illinois (Menard County), Tallula — Prairie Land
The vast prairies of Illinois intimidated the frontier settlers that arrived here in the early 1800's. Pioneers worried about horrendous grass fires, bitter winter winds, scarcity of water, and deadly fumes seeping from the ground. The early settlers gradually learned, however, that the prairie soil was safe and highly fertile. With the advent of the steel plow and the use of clay drainage tile, the prairies became prized land for agriculture. Today's farmers continue to produce abundant grain crops on the Illinois prairie. — Map (db m57347) HM
Illinois (Menard County), Tallula — Sangamon River
The Sangamon River lies just a few miles to the east. The river's flowing water served as a travel conduit for Native Americans and early European explorers to the region. Settlers also depended heavily on the river for powering their mills. The river's floodplain and bluffs were generally covered with forests, which appealed to arriving settlers mostly from the uplands of the southern states. The timber provided logs for their houses, fences for newly cleared agricultural fields, and fuel for heating their homes during the long, cold winters. — Map (db m57345) HM
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