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Mercer County Markers
255 markers matched your search criteria. The first 250 markers are listed. Next 5
New Jersey (Mercer County), Ewing — Bear Tavern Road
"All our hopes were blasted by that unhappy affair at Trenton" — Lord George Germain, British Colonel Secretary Bear Tavern Road Historic route of Continental troops to Trenton where Washington achieved his famous victory over Rahl's Hessian Brigade of the British Army, December 26, 1776 Known in colonial times as The Lower, or River Road (The existing River Road was not laid out until 1834) Tablet erected by General Mercer Chapter of the Daughters of . . . — Map (db m33228) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Ewing Township — An Historic Crossroad
Near this site, in the early morning hours of December 26, 1776, General George Washington divided his Continental Army of 2,400 men for a two-pronged, surprise attack on the Hessian garrison in Trenton. One column under the command of General Nathanael Greene, approached the city from the northwest by way of Pennington Road. The other column, led by General John Sullivan, marched down the Old River Road (Grand Avenue – Sullivan Way) and entered Trenton from the southwest. This brilliant . . . — Map (db m9877) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Ewing Township — Church Cemeteryat Ewing Presbyterian Church
Thirty-five veterans of the Revolution lie buried here in this 1708 cemetery of the Ewing Presbyterian Church. — Map (db m9881) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Ewing Township — Temple-Ryan Farmhouse
Temple-Ryan Farmhouse c. 1750 Has Been Placed on the New Jersey Register of Historic Places By the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection May 6, 1971 And on the National Register of Historic Places By the United States Department of the Interior September 10, 1971 — Map (db m36491) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Hamilton Square — Hamilton Square Honor RollNew Jersey
. . . — Map (db m35990) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Hamilton Square — World War I MonumentHonor Roll
In honor of the citizens of this vicinity who served our country in the great World War of 1914-1918 —————————— H. Dallas Fogg • Foster H. Van Ness • Joseph R. Williams • William P. Conover • Paul H. McKee • Edward C. Seyffert • Robert E. Murphy, Jr. • Charles E. Pritchard • Peter W. Crozer • Fred H. Mount • John R. Dougherty • Leo H. Murphy • C. Olden Davis • John M. Collis • John F. Caswell • Charles L. McCabe • Harold L. . . . — Map (db m35991) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Hamilton Township — Isaac Pearson HouseBuilt 1773
Elected Nottingham Tax Collector in 1763, Isaac Pearson later served as a justice of the peace, freeholder, township clerk and delegate to the NJ Provincial Congress. Two days later after the Battle of Trenton, in 1776, Isaac Pearson was murdered. Some accounts say he was murdered during a robbery; others say he was murdered for not fully supporting the cause of independence... — Map (db m36478) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Hamilton Township — Isaac Watson House
Isaac Watson House Built in 1708 Restored and Maintained by The State Society of The Daughters of The American Revolution of New Jersey Tercentenary year 1964 — Map (db m36486) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Hamilton Township — 3 of 12 — Route of Washington’s March
Route of Washington’s march by night from Trenton to Princeton and victory January 3, 1777 — Map (db m4251) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Hamilton Township — 4 of 12 — Route of Washington’s March
Route of Washington’s march by night from Trenton to Princeton and victory January 3, 1777 — Map (db m4252) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Hamilton Township — 5 of 12 — Route of Washington’s March
Route of Washington’s march by night from Trenton to Princeton and victory January 3, 1777 (Adjacent Marker, below original on obelisk): In Memory of all the deceased members of Hamilton Township Post 3525 Veterans of Foreign Wars — Map (db m4253) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Hamilton Township — 6 of 12 — Route of Washington’s March
Route of Washington’s march by night from Trenton to Princeton and victory January 3, 1777 — Map (db m4256) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Hamilton Township — 7 of 12 — Route of Washington’s March
Route of Washington’s march by night from Trenton to Princeton and victory January 3, 1777 — Map (db m4258) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Hamilton Township — 8 of 12 — Route of Washington’s March
Route of Washington’s march by night from Trenton to Princeton and victory January 3, 1777 — Map (db m4260) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Hamilton Township — Watson House
Isaac Watson built this early colonial dwelling in 1708. The surrounding area is the famous Indian site, The Abbot Farm. — Map (db m36484) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Hightstown — East Windsor Township Civil War Monument
To the memory of the heroic volunteers of East Windsor Township who gave their lives as a sacrifice for their country and humanity in the suppression of the Great Rebellion of 1861-65. — Map (db m5431) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Hightstown — Hightstown
Named for John and Mary Hight, who purchased 3,000 acres here in 1721. Their log house and mill once stood in this area. — Map (db m13170) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Hightstown — Hightstown World War II Memorial
We are grateful to these Hightstown area men who gave their lives in the service of their country John F. Campbell • Robert W. Cutinelle • George F. Dennis • Franklin Ely • Martin Greenberg • William Hoffman • George Huber • Edward Hutchinson • Stanley Johnson • Henry Lloyd Miller • Frederick Norton • C. William Powell • Charles A. Richardson • Paul Shutman • Carl Snyder • Paul Szgeti • George Tillberg and We honor more than 400 Hightstown area men and women who served in World War II . . . — Map (db m43657) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Hopewell — Hopewell Academy
Founded here in Baptist Parsonage, 1756. Alumni James Manning and Hezekiah Smith developed Brown University. — Map (db m31797) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Hopewell — Hopewell Call To Duty
Erected by Hopewell Post, American Legion, in honor of those of Hopewell and vicinity who responded to the Nation's call to duty. — Map (db m37207) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Hopewell — Joab Houghton
Sunday, April 23, 1775, news of the Battle of Lexington reached Hopewell. While the people were worshiping in the First Baptist Church, at the close, Joab Houghton, standing on this block, inspired the men with love of liberty and desire for independence. In closing he said, "Men of New Jersey, the Redcoats are murdering our brethren of New England! Who follows me to Boston?" Every man answered "I". On October 13, 1775, he was made a Capt. and March 15, 1777 a Lieut. Col. He was a member . . . — Map (db m31800) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Hopewell — John HartSigner of The Declaration Of Independence
Farmstead site of the signer, who lived here 1742-1779. Without formal education, consulted by many, respected by all, "Honest John Hart" gave his property and his life for the cause of liberty. Farmer, miller, judge, speaker of the first New Jersey Assembly, ever the prey of enemy patrols which sought his life and ravaged his property. Broken in health from privation and exposure he died May 11, 1779, age about 69. Guided to this roadless hillside by John Harts's sons Jesse and . . . — Map (db m31798) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Hopewell Township — Mercer Airport
Dedicated to the memory of General High Mercer a distinguished officer in the Continental Army who died from wounds received in the Battle of Princeton, January 3, 1777. From him, Mercer County, created in 1838, received its name. Dedicatory ceremonies held October 26, 1929, being the 250th Anniversary of the settlement of Trenton. — Map (db m10623) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Lawrence Township — First Town Hall1931 – 1944
Joseph Scudder House c. 1779 — Map (db m9919) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Lawrence Township — John Moore’s Tavern1804 – 1817
Map (db m9920) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Lawrence Township — Lawrence House, 1840
Home of the wheelwright and site of the wheelwright shop. Harvey Brearley’s store 1837 — Map (db m9918) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Lawrence Township — Maidenhead Church
Organized during 1698, this Presbyterian congregation was among the earliest in America. Part of this church was built in 1764. — Map (db m9885) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Lawrence Township — Revolutionary War Site - Shabakunk Creek
Under the command of Colonel Edward Hand a successful delaying action, fought at the Shabakunk Creek, prevented British forces fron reaching Trenton before nightfall where the Second Battle of Trenton took place at the Assunpink Creek January 2, 1777. — Map (db m9888) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Lawrence Township — 9 of 12 — Route of Washington’s March
Route of Washington’s march by night from Trenton to Princeton and victory January 3, 1777 — Map (db m4262) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Lawrenceville — Revolutionary War Site
Five Mile Run, location of skirmish January 1, 1777. Position of American advance party January 2, 1777. — Map (db m7268) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Mount Rose — The Historic Village of Mount Rose
Originally known as Stout's Corner, Mount Rose emerged as a village in the 1820s. By 1880 it boasted a school, post office, sawmill and several shops. It was perhaps best known as a center of applejack whiskey production. Two distilleries operated here into the early part of the 20th century. The office building of the former Mount Rose Distillery still remains and was named to the National Register of Historic Places in 1997. — Map (db m18264) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Pennington — British Horses
British Troops exercised their horses over this wall December 1776 Marked by Penelope Hart Chapter, D.A.R. 1939 — Map (db m64109) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Pennington — Pennington
Pennington Settled in 1708 First known as Queenstown Incorporated in 1890 as the Borough of Pennington — Map (db m64110) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Princeton — “The Washington-Rochambeau Historic Route”
On this site, the allied American and French troops of Generals Washington and Le Comte de Rochambeau encamped August 29 to September 1, 1781 enroute to their Victory at Yorktown American independence was assured there in Virginia by the defeat and surrender of Lord Cornwallis’ British forces on October 19, 1781. Princeton Chapter Daughters of the American Revolution October 19, 1981 — Map (db m64117) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Princeton — 250th Anniversary of Princeton University
In the nation’s service. In the service of all nations. On the occasion of its 250th anniversary Princeton University here records its gratitude to its alumni for their devotion to the University and its mission of education, scholarship and service. October 22, 1996 — Map (db m44846) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Princeton — 250th Anniversary of Princeton University
On the occasion of the 250th anniversary of Princeton University, the area communities express appreciation to the University for its contribution to their cultural, intellectual and economic vitality. Chamber of Commerce of the Princeton Area September 21, 1996 — Map (db m44851) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Princeton — Aaron Burr
Born February 6, 1756, Died September 14, 1836 A Colonel in the Army of the Revolution. Vice-President of the United States from 1801 - 1805.            Placed by The Aaron Burr Association           September 1995 — Map (db m32652) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Princeton — Albert Einstein1879 - 1955
E = mc²‎ (1905) Imagination is more important than knowledge. Knowledge is limited, whereas imagination embraces the entire world. (1929) Born in Ulm Germany on March 14, 1879, Albert Einstein became a resident of Princeton in 1933, residing on Mercer Street until his death in 1955. Before becoming a Professor at the Institute for Advanced Study, Einstein had already become famous for his Special Theory of Relativity in 1905 and General Theory of Relativity in 1915-1916, both of . . . — Map (db m64135) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Princeton — Bainbridge House
1766 Bainbridge House 158 Nassau Street — Map (db m62297) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Princeton — Battle of Princeton
< No Further Inscription > — Map (db m64121) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Princeton — Campsite of The Army of Louis XVI, King of France
Commanded by General de Rochambeau during their march to victory at Yorktown August 31, 1781 — Map (db m5382) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Princeton — Colonel John Haslet
A Patriot of considerable distinction, Colonel John Haslet was the Commander of Delaware's first Continental Regiment. A native of County Londonderry, Ireland, he emigrated to America in 1757. Haslet was a graduate of the University of Glasgow, and and ordained minister of the Presbyterian Church. He was commissioned as a Captain in the Pennsylvania Militia in 1758, and was a participant in the expedition against Fort Duquesne. He later settled in Delaware and began the practice of medicine. . . . — Map (db m5380) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Princeton — English Boxwood Plants
These English Boxwood plants were grown from George Washington’s hedges planted November 1798 on his Mount Vernon estate. — Map (db m64119) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Princeton — French Markets
The Garden Club of Princeton a founding member of the Garden Club of America established the French Markets during World War I for French War Relief and later for The Club’s Civic Projects These markets have been held in the Spring and Autumn for more than eight decades The Garden Club proudly dedicates the restoration of this Park to the Princeton Community which faithfully supported the French Markets since their inception — Map (db m10620) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Princeton — John Witherspoon1723 - 1794
Preacher “One of the most useful qualifications of a good minister is that he have a lively sense of religion upon his own heart.”             John Witherspoon Born in Gifford, Scotland, in 1723, Witherspoon was educated at the University of Edinburgh, completing his divinity studies in 1743. The son of a clergyman, he became pastor of the Presbyterian congregation in Beith and in 1757 was installed at the Laigh Kirk in Paisley. His early writings and reputation as one of the . . . — Map (db m44842) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Princeton — Joseph Henry House
has been designated a Registered National Historic Landmark Under the provisions of the Historic Sites Act of August 21, 1935 this site possesses exceptional value in commemorating and illustrating the history of the United States U.S. Department of the Interior National Park Service 1965 — Map (db m44814) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Princeton — Joseph Hewes
Born here, 1730, he later moved to North Carolina. He signed the Declaration of Independence for that state in 1776. — Map (db m64113) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Princeton — M. Hartley Dodge, Jr.
In memory of M. Hartley Dodge, Jr. Class of 1930 Killed in France August 29, 1930 His sun is gone down while it was yet day. — Map (db m64136) WM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Princeton — March of the Mill Children100th Anniversary
Princeton, New Jersey July 1903 – July 2003 Mary Harris “Mother” Joneswas a crusader for workers’ rights. She led several hundred children who worked in the textile mills on a march from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania to President Theodore Roosevelt’s home in Oyster Bay, Long Island. Their demonstration publicized and protested the unspeakable crime of child labor. Mother Jones called upon Princeton’s mayor, H. L. Robinson, asking for permission to speak opposite the University . . . — Map (db m44850) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Princeton — Marines in the Revolution
Dedicated to the Continental Marines Who Fought with General Washington's Troops During the Battle of Princeton January 3, 1777 — Map (db m5430) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Princeton — Maybury Hill
This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior Circa 1725 — Map (db m64133) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Princeton — Nassau Hall
This building, erected in 1756 by the College of New Jersey and named Nassau Hall in honor of King William III, was seized by British forces for military purposes in 1776, and retaken by the American Army January 3, 1777. Here met from June 30, 1783 until Nov. 4, 1788, the Continental Congress, and here Aug. 26, 1783, General Washington received the grateful acknowledgements of the Congress for his services in establishing the freedom and independence of the United States of America. Erected . . . — Map (db m44832) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Princeton — Nassau Inn – 1756 - 1937
The original “Nassau Inn” stood on this site for nearly 200 years. Many of America’s early statesmen stopped overnight in this half-way house on the stage coach journey between New York and Philadelphia. At times as many as thirty coaches left this inn during a single day. Much of its early American atmosphere was preserved when Nassau Inn was rebuilt on Palmer Square in 1937. — Map (db m64118) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Princeton — Nathaniel Fitz Randolph
Near this spot lie the remains of Nathaniel Fitz Randolph, the generous giver of the land upon which the original buildings of this University were erected. In Agro Jacet Nostro Immo Svo — Map (db m62343) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Princeton — New Jersey Patriots
In memory of those New Jersey Patriots who served on land and sea during the American Revolution, 1775 - 1783 And to Captain Daniel Neil who gave his life in the Battle of Princeton, January 3, 1777 while commanding the East Jersey Artillery under Brigadier General Hugh Mercer — Map (db m5383) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Princeton — Paul RobesonIn Recognition Of
World Renown Athlete, Actor, Singer, Scholar — Map (db m46165) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Princeton — Princeton Battle Monument
Here memory lingers to recall the guiding mind whose daring plan outflanked the foe and turned dismay to hope when Washington, with swift resolve, marched through the night to fight at dawn and venture all in one victorious battle for our freedom. SAECVLA PRAETEREVNT RAPIMVR NOS VLTRO MORANTES ADSIS TV PATRIAE SAECVLA QVI DIRIGIS (translation: The ages pass away. We too, yet lingering, are hurried on. Oh Thou who guidest the ages, guard our land!) A nearby sign (see picture . . . — Map (db m5379) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Princeton — Princeton Speech
I could not but think that if the great and noble men whom this institution necessarily recalls, the founders of our country, were here today, as, thanks be to God, they may be invisibly to us, what joy would fill their hearts as they saw the evidence of love of country and of respect for its institutions marked by the presence of the President of the United States and by the invitation, not to me personally but to the Chief Justice, and also by these ceremonies. I could see them here . . . — Map (db m44847) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Princeton — Princeton University
Princeton University 1726       1746       11796 The Log College Opened 1726 at Neshaminy, was discontinued in 1746, when members of the Synods of New York and Philadelphia and supporters of the Log College united in the organization of The College of New Jersey at Elizabeth Town. First charter granted Oct. 22, 1746 by King George the Second through John Hamilton, acting Governor in Chief of the Province of New Jersey. Second charter granted Sept. 13, 1748 by King George the Second through . . . — Map (db m44834) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Princeton — Princeton War Memorial
Hold dear our sons and daughters who gave their lives in the World War for Freedom 1914 — 1918 — Map (db m5399) WM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Princeton — Princeton WW2 Memorial
A Grateful Class Remembers the Men of 1944 who gave their Lives in World War II Ernest Robinson Ackerman Army Air Corps, Budapest April 3, 1944 John Crosby Butler, Jr. Marine Air Service, Rota Island November 13, 1944 Francois Louis Chapman Free French, Vosges Mountains September 20, 1944 Norman Godfrey Conze 32nd Infantry Division, Luzon April 17, 1945 Thomas Arthur Chance Crimmins 6th Marines, Okinawa May 13, 1945 Greville Cobbett Elliott Cummings Kings Royal Rifle Corps, Anzio . . . — Map (db m64134) WM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Princeton — Reunion Hall
From 1871 to 1965 Reunion Hall stood between West College and Stanhope. Its name commemorated the reunion of the new and old schools of the Presbyterian Church. The stars marked the rooms of students who gave their lives in military service during the World Wars. — Map (db m44848) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Princeton — Rev. John Witherspoon
Revolutionary Patriot Signer, Declaration of Independence Born     February 5, 1722 Died     November 15, 1794 Marker placed by Princeton Chapter     NSDAR Princeton, NJ Old Kent Chapter     NSDAR Chestertown, MD July 4, 1996 — Map (db m32654) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Princeton — Richard Stockton
A signer of the Declaration of Independence is buried in these grounds 1730 – 1781 --------------- Erected by The New Jersey Society of the Sons of the American Revolution 1913 — Map (db m44844) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Princeton — Stony Brook Meeting House
The area around the meeting house and along the Stony Brook river was originally the “Stony Brook Village,” officially part of the town of West Windsor in Middlesex County. A majority of the original colonists that came to settle in Stony Brook were Quaker farmers who purchased much of the land along the Stony Brook river from proprietors Thomas Warne and William Penn. Initially, the Quakers met for worship in private homes, but in 1709, Benjamin Clarke gave nine acres of land to . . . — Map (db m62289) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Princeton — The Canal Dug By Irishmen
The Delaware and Raritan Canal, often referred to as "The Big Ditch" was constructed between the years 1831 - 1834 at a cost of almost $3,000,000 and the lives of many Irish immigrant laborers. The hand-dug D & R Canal was 66 miles long. The canal originally had 14 locks to raise and lower boat traffic. There was a great shortage of laborers in America during the early 1800's. Contractors went to Ireland and brought thousands of Irishmen to America to work. The pay of $1.00 per day for . . . — Map (db m36956) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Princeton — The Colonial Revival Garden
Helen Hamilton Shields married Richard the Signer’s great-great-grandson Bayard Stockton in 1894. Intensely proud of the Stockton family’s history, she wished to “restore” the house and gardens to what she perceived as their former glory. Although the property was much reduced in size, she determined to reproduce what she thought Annis and Richard’s garden had been. Helen claimed to have uncovered a number of plants from that garden, although none could have survived two . . . — Map (db m10478) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Princeton — The First Presbyterian Church of Princeton
On this site in the year 1766 was erected The First Presbyterian Church of Princeton. During the Revolutionary War it was occupied, first by British soldiers and afterwards by The Colonial Forces This edifice was built in the year 1836 — Map (db m44819) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Princeton — The Front Garden
By the time the Commodore began to improve Morven in the 1850s, a picturesque, curvilinear landscape style was the mode. There was an attempt to make plantings appear “natural” and a varied terrain rather than a flat surface was preferred. The Commodore’s landscaping therefore featured a front lawn with irregularly placed trees and a small hillock in front of the house. The flowers and scrubs that are planted here now are known from 19th century descriptions and photographs. . . . — Map (db m10481) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Princeton — The Horse Chestnut Walk
A path following the original alignment of the road and continuing the line of Nassau Street remained an entrance to Morven until the property was subdivided in 1891. For pedestrians it was the most direct route from downtown Princeton. Originally, it probably was lined by cherry trees, in which Annis Stockton hung lanterns to mark the way for guests at her Fourth of July party in 1783. At the end of the 18th century, her son, the Duke, replaced the cherries with horse chestnut trees. Two . . . — Map (db m10484) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Princeton — The House Front
Richard Stockton, the son of the Signer, known as the Duke, made many changes around 1790 to 1800. He rebuilt the central section of the house and covered the building’s brickwork with a white lime wash. In the 18th and early 19th century, there were no foundation plantings. The present plantings and trees in front of the house, as well as the small hillock, represent the landscape created by his son, the Commodore, in the mid-19th century. Archaeology has shown that in the 18th century . . . — Map (db m10485) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Princeton — The King’s Highway
Originally, the road ran directly in front of the house, on a line that formed a continuation of the present-day Nassau Street. It more or less followed the route of a Native American trail between the Raritan and Delaware Rivers. In colonial times it became a King’s Highway, and from the mid-18th century until the Delaware and Raritan Canal opened in the 1830s, it was the main stage couch route between New York and Philadelphia. It also marked the county line between Somerset and Middlesex . . . — Map (db m10486) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Princeton — The President’s House
has been designated a Registered National Historic Landmark Under the provisions of the Historic Sites Act of August 21, 1935 this site possesses exceptional value in commemorating and illustrating the history of the United States U.S. Department of the Interior National Park Service 1971 — Map (db m44813) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Princeton — The Princeton Battle Monument
This monument, which commemorates the January 3, 1777 Battle of Princeton, depicts Liberty inspiring General Washington as he leads his troops into battle, and the death of General Hugh Mercer. The seals of the United States and the original thirteen states appear on the sides of the Monument, and the inscription on the back was composed by Andrew Fleming West. Commissioned in 1908, the Monument was designed by the Beaux Arts sculptor Frederick MacMonnies with the assistance of architect . . . — Map (db m62293) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Princeton — The Princeton Bell(One of the very few relics left of the famous war vessel)
This bell was especially cast for the U.S.S. Princeton, which was commanded by our late fellow-townsman, the illustrious Captain Robert F. Stockton, under whose patronage “The Princeton” was built. On February 28th, 1844, she was taken for a pleasure trip down the Potomac River, having on board President Tyler and his cabinet and other distinguished guests, invited by Captain Stockton to witness the performance of the vessel and her machinery. One of the guns, called “The . . . — Map (db m10621) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Princeton — The Wash House
The lower right-hand of this building is an ice house, which probably dates to the 18th century. Ice was harvested from the pond on the Morven property. In the mid-19th century, Commodore Robert F. Stockton enlarged the structure for use as a wash house or laundry, and a dormitory for servants. Helen Hamilton Shields Stockton, who lived at Morven from 1891 to 1928, referred to it as the “slave quarters,” in an attempt to equate Morven with a southern plantation. The Stocktons . . . — Map (db m10487) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Princeton — The West Wing
The wing housing the kitchen and service quarters is the oldest part of the house, built by Richard Stockton, Signer of the Declaration of Independence, and his wife, Annis, in the mid-18th century. It was raised in height in the mid-19th century. The porch at its rear would have been used as a work place in good weather, as would the service yard. While one or two servants may have slept in the upper story, it probably also housed children of the large Stockton families. In the 18th and . . . — Map (db m10488) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Princeton — Twentieth-Century Changes
After Bayard Stockton died in 1928, Robert Wood Johnson, head of Johnson & Johnson, rented Morven. He used it as a comfortable suburban retreat, keeping horses in the stable and adding recreational facilities. In 1939, he had plans drawn up for leveling the grounds and constructing a pool, pool house, and tennis court. In 1945, Governor Walter E. Edge purchased Morven and, in 1954, deeded it to the State of New Jersey for use as a governor’s mansion or museum. Many of the governors had large . . . — Map (db m62295) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Princeton — W 3 R
Washington – Rochambeau Revolutionary Route National Historic Trail www.w3r-us.org — Map (db m62296) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Princeton — Walter Cope, FAIA & John Stewardson, FAIA
Walter Cope, FAIA Oct. 1, 1860   Oct. 31, 1902 John Stewardson, FAIA Mar. 21, 1856   Jan. 6, 1896 --------------- Architects of Blair Hall, Little Hall and the University Gymnasium. Masters in their Art and an Uplifting Influence in the development of Architecture in America. Tribute of the Philadelphia Chapter of the American Institute of Architects — Map (db m62344) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Princeton — Washington’s Crossing
< No Further Inscription > — Map (db m64123) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Princeton — Washington’s Route from Princeton to Morristown
By this route Washington with his army retired to Morristown after his victory at Princeton January – 1777 -------------- Erected by the D-A-R — Map (db m62287) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Princeton — Washington’s Spring
General George Washington and his soldiers paused to drink water from a nearby spring after the Battle of Princeton on January 3rd 1777. NJ Society Sons of the Revolution August 2002 — Map (db m64120) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Princeton — Welcome to the Institute Lands
          The Institute Lands are a cherished 589-acre tract of woods and farmlands known for their natural beauty and historical significance. These graceful woods and fields form a key link in a network of preserved open space between the Stony Brook and the Delaware & Raritan Canal.           The northern half of the Institute Lands is a mixed forest known as the Institute Woods, a sanctuary for migrating, nesting , and wintering birds. This forest also displays a remarkable diversity of . . . — Map (db m64234) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Princeton Township — Burial Site of those who fell in the Battle of Princeton
Near here lie buried the American and British officers and soldiers who fell in the Battle of Princeton January 3rd, 1777 Here freedom stood by slaughtered friend and foe, and ere the wrath paled or that sunset died, looked through the ages; then, with eyes aglow, laid them to wait that future, side by side.                               Alfred Noyes                               1880 – 1958 Map (db m10616) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Princeton Township — Colonnade and Gravesite
This colonnade was originally part of Mathew Newkirk’s home in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Later called St. George’s Hall. The house was designed by Thomas U. Walter, who later designed the dome on the U.S. Capitol Building in Washington, D. C. In 1900, the colonnade was transported to Princeton, and became the entrance of the Mercer Manor, which formerly stood on the east side of the Battlefield. Upon the Manor’s demolition in 1957, the Institute for Advanced Study donated the colonnade to the . . . — Map (db m10153) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Princeton Township — From Trenton to Princeton
Following the Christmas night crossing of the Delaware River and the First Battle of Trenton on December 26, 1776, George Washington’s army re-crossed the river back into Pennsylvania. The British and German troops reacted to their defeat at Trenton by abandoning posts at Mount Holly and Burlington and moving to Princeton. Taking advantage of the British confusion, Washington moved his whole force back to Trenton over the next week, assembling nearly 6,000 soldiers by January 2, 1777. With . . . — Map (db m10178) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Princeton Township — General Hugh Mercer
To the memory of General Hugh Mercer, the revered martyr of American Independence. Born in Scotland about 1720. Educated as a physician. Emigrated to America 1747. Was appointed by Congress June 5, 1776, a brigadier general in the American Army. Was mortally wounded at the Battle of Princeton January 3, 1777, and died in the house now standing near this spot January 12, 1777. This tablet was erected by Mercer Engine Company No 3 of Princeton, N.J., October 1, 1897, at its semi-centennial celebration. — Map (db m10081) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Princeton Township — Historic Portico Preservation and Rebuilding
The preservation and rebuilding here of this historic portico were due to the leadership of the architects of New Jersey in commemoration of the centennial year of the American Institute of Architecture in 1937. Thomas Ustick Walter (1804-88) was its architect. He was one of the founders of the American Institute of Architects and became its second president. His best known work is the dome of the United States Capitol in Washington, D.C. This portico was created in 1836 for the . . . — Map (db m10619) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Princeton Township — 10 of 12 — Route of Washington’s March
Route of Washington’s march by night from Trenton to Princeton and victory January 3, 1777 — Map (db m4263) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Princeton Township — 11 of 12 — Route of Washington’s March
Route of Washington’s march by night from Trenton to Princeton and victory January 3, 1777 — Map (db m4264) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Princeton Township — 12 of 12 — Route of Washington’s March
Route of Washington’s march by night from Trenton to Princeton and victory January 3, 1777 — Map (db m4265) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Princeton Township — Site of Moulder’s Battery
At the height of the January 3, 1777 Battle of Princeton, British forces under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Charles Mawhood, attacked aggressively, forcing the American brigades to fall back. The Americans rallied around a small artillery battery, lead by Captain Joseph Moulder. Moulder’s Battery consisted of “two guns handled by some twenty boys recruited from Philadelphia’s dock area,” supported by the Delaware Militia company of Captain Thomas Rodney. With great skill and . . . — Map (db m10168) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Princeton Township — The British Occupation of New Jersey
With New York City in British hands, Forts Washington and Lee on the Hudson River (North River) fell to British attack November 16 & 19, 1776, respectively. General George Washington moved his army south through New Jersey, crossing the Delaware River into Pennsylvania. The British Army and German auxiliaries followed, reaching Princeton on December 7th and Trenton on December 8th. With the American Army temporarily out of reach, British and German troops fortified and garrisoned towns . . . — Map (db m10156) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Princeton Township — The Mercer Oak
The Mercer Oak was named for Brigadier General Hugh Mercer, who fought and was mortally wounded in the Battle of Princeton, January 3, 1777. The white oak is believed to have been here at the time of the American Revolution. A legend says that Mercer was bayoneted and was laid beneath this tree, refusing to leave the battle until victory was secured. He was actually wounded just uphill, behind enemy lines. Later recovered by his aids, Mercer was carried to the Thomas Clarke House, where he . . . — Map (db m10155) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Princeton Township — This is Hallowed Ground
Across these fields in the early light of the third of January 1777, Washington’s Continentals defeated British Regulars for the first time in the long struggle for American Independence. In the memorial grove beyond you, those who fell in the Battle of Princeton, both American and British, lie buried. The historic portico in which you stand was re-erected her to mark the entrance to the tomb of these unknown soldiers of the Revolution. Funds for the rebuilding of this portico were . . . — Map (db m10618) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Princeton Township — Thomas Clarke House
In 1772, Thomas Clarke, a Quaker farmer purchased 200 acres of land from his brother William. The land, then part of West Windsor, had been in the Clarke family since 1696. Thomas replaced an existing structure with the main house that stands today. He lived here with at least two of his sisters, Hannah and Sarah, until his death in 1802. Sarah inherited and remained in the house until her death in 1840. Her nephew, John H. Clarke, enlarged the east wing which included a new kitchen. The house . . . — Map (db m10173) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Robbinsville Township — U.S. Army Parachute Test Platoon
This plaque is to honor New Jersey's paratroopers and to commemorate the U.S. Army Parachute Test Platoon which trained here during the summer of 1940. This training was the beginning of the elite military paratrooper units, including the 82nd Airborne Division, who have served our country proudly in war and in peace. — Map (db m21981) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Stoutsburg — Province Line Road
In 1664, the Duke of York sold New Jersey, or "Nova Caesaria" to Lord Berkley and Sir George Carteret. East Jersey: Carteret's Trustees sold a "Half" in 1682 to twelve associates, thereafter proprietors of East Jersey. West Jersey: Berkley sold a "Half" in 1673 to associates of the Society of Friends, thereafter proprietors of West Jersey. Location of a line between the "Halves" persisted in convention. Although not final, the Keith Line of 1687 permanently influenced the . . . — Map (db m16862) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Titusville — 200th Birthday of George Washington1732 - 1932
In commemoration of the two hundredth birthday of George Washington These eagles and this tablet were placed here by the New Jersey Society of the Colonial Dames of America — Map (db m7275) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Titusville — An Historic Site
During Colonial times this was the landing for the ferry to Pennsylvania. The building that was then located here served as a home for the ferryman and a Tavern for those who waited to cross the river. Washington and his Continental Army crossed here to attack Trenton on Christmas night in 1776. A covered bridge was built in 1834 ending the need for a ferry. This year also saw the Delaware and Raritan Canal completed during the dawn of the Industrial Revolution. The present building was . . . — Map (db m24669) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Titusville — Bicentennial of General George Washington's Birthday
To commemorate the Bicentennial of the birthday of General George Washington at this spot hallowed by his stroke of military genius in the crossing of the Delaware on Christmas night – 1776 and to remind us that the triumphs of the Revolution were made possible only by his training and experience gained in the Colonial Wars — Map (db m7276) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Titusville — Continental Lane
Road over which Washington's Army Began its march to Trenton December 26 1776 — Map (db m63691) WM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Titusville — Crossing of the Delaware
This tablet is erected by the Society of the Cincinnati in the State of New Jersey to commemorate the Crossing of the Delaware by General Washington and the Continental army on Christmas night of seventeen hundred and seventy six. — Map (db m7247) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Titusville — Ferry Site
At this site before 1748, a ferry was first owned and operated by Garrett Johnson. It was used to transport the artillery from Pennsylvania to New Jersey the night Washington crossed the Delaware, December 25, 1776. At that time, it was operated by James Slack. This ferry is a full scale authentic reproduction of the type seen on the Delaware River in the 18th century. — Map (db m7327) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Titusville — Retreat and Counterattack – 1776
General George Washington, after losing New York to the British, led his rebel army in retreat through New Jersey and on Sunday, December 8, 1776 crossed the Delaware River into Pennsylvania. He commandeered every available boat along the river so that Lord Cornwallis’s army would be unable to pursue him to attack Philadelphia and capture the Continental Congress. Directly across from this point, near the Pennsylvania shore, is the island behind which Washington hid the Durham and ferry boats . . . — Map (db m7326) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Titusville — Spring House
This Spring House was used by the family living at the colonial Ferry House across route 9. The Spring House and the Store Barn facing the Ferry House are the only outbuildings of a once thriving family homestead and tavern. Spring Houses were generally built in ground hollows over a spring, and were used for the storing of milk. The cold spring water running over the milk containers kept it cool as a refrigerator does today. Earth was usually sprinkled on the roof to encourage the growth of . . . — Map (db m61840) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Titusville — The Christmas Night CrossingDecember 25-26, 1776 — Washington Crossing State Park
“I am determined, as the night is favorable, to cross the River, & make the attack upon Trenton in the Morning.” General George Washington After a series of defeats in New York in 1776, General George Washington’s Continental Army retreated across New Jersey and, on December 8th, escaped across Delaware River into Pennsylvania. The British, unable to find boats, could not pursue Washington further so went into winter quarters; leaving a chain of outposts throughout New . . . — Map (db m7274) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Titusville — The Historic District of Titusville
Named for the family of settler Joseph Titus, who established two sawmills and a fishery here in the 1700's, Titusville was a major industrial and transportation center in the mid-19th century. Spurred by the construction of the Delaware and Raritan Feeder Canal in 1832 and the Belvidere Delaware Railroad in 1852, Titusville by the mid-1800s had thriving mills, stores, shops and a population of 300. The abundance of housing stock, which includes fine examples of Greek Revival, Second Empire and . . . — Map (db m35103) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Titusville — The Site of Washington’s Crossing
General George Washington and 2400 Continental soldiers crossed the icy Delaware River from Pennsylvania and landed at this spot on Christmas night 1776 on their way to attack the British mercenary force of Hessian soldiers at Trenton. The last of the rebel soldiers, horses, and 18 cannon landed from the Durham and ferry boats in the pre-dawn hours of December 26 and assembled in a snowcovered field next to the nearby Ferry House. They made a surprise attack on Trenton at dawn, killing or . . . — Map (db m7329) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Titusville — Washington Crossed the Delaware
Near this spot Washington and his army crossed the Delaware on the night of December 25, 1776 Erected by New Jersey State Society Daughters of the American Revolution Washington Crossing Park, New Jersey — Map (db m7246) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Titusville — Washington Crossing
Has been designated a Registered National Historic Landmark Under the provisions of the Historic Sites Act of August 21, 1935 this site possesses exceptional value in commemorating and illustrating the history of the United States U.S. Department of the Interior National Park Service 1961 — Map (db m7264) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Titusville (Hopewell Township) — Continental Lane
Road over which Washington’s army began its march to Trenton December 26, 1776. — Map (db m10378) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Titusville (Hopewell Township) — Johnson Ferry House
This farmhouse is the only existing structure within the park that witnessed the Crossing of the Continental troops on December 25-26, 1776. It was built around 1740 by Rutger Jansen, a Dutchman from Flatbush, Long Island, on a tract of 490 acres that he purchased along the Delaware River. His son, Garret, inherited the house and property and, with his wife Judith and their 12 children, established a thriving plantation and ferry business. The dutch name Jansen was Americanized to Johnson. By . . . — Map (db m10374) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Titusville (Hopewell Township) — Prelude to Victory
You might well imagine that General George Washington stood where you are now stand as he patiently watched his force of 2400 troops march up from the boats on the river over the road in the immediate foreground. Through his officers he would direct the assembly and assignments of the units of Gen. Greene’s and Gen. Sullivan’s divisions on Colonial Lane, on your left, and the assembly field beyond the road to ferry landing. During the landing Washington would frequently return to the . . . — Map (db m10375) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Titusville (Hopewell Township) — Site of Crossing
[Marker Front]: View of the Delaware River at the site where Washington crossed from Pennsylvania to New Jersey, Christmas Night, 1776, with 2400 men, artillery and supplies. The troops marched nine miles to attack the Hessians stationed at Trenton. The “Battle of Trenton”, December 26, 1776, resulted in a major victory for Washington’s army. [Marker Reverse]: Units of Washington’s Army that crossed the Delaware River December 25, 1776 Washington’s . . . — Map (db m10379) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Titusville (Hopewell Township) — The March to TrentonDecember 26, 1776 — Washington Crossing State Park
“The troops marched with the most profound silence and good order. They arrived by two routes at the same time, about half an hour after daylight, within one mile of the town. The storm continued with great violence …” Colonel Henry Knox, Continental Artillery December 26, 1776, 4 a.m. – After completing the Christmas night crossing of the Delaware River, George Washington’s Continental Army, in desperate need of a victory, began an arduous nine-mile march to . . . — Map (db m10450) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — “… a Town laid out called Lamberton …” [1773]
        Historically, Lamberton was the loose-knit fishing village and port that extended along the left bank of the Delaware River from Ferry Street to Riverview Cemetery. The heart of the community lay between Landing and Lalor Streets, exactly where the park atop the tunnel is located today.         The settlement was named for the family of Thomas Lambert, who established the first plantation here around 1680. The location of Lambert’s house is uncertain, but it probably lay close to . . . — Map (db m4389) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — “The Whole Art, Secret and Mystery of Manufacturing Sturgeon”
For several thousand years the waters of the Delaware River supplied fish to Native Americans living along the riverbank. Colonial Immigrants and modern Americans followed suit, catching fish for their own local consumption and for sale in domestic and overseas markets. With the relatively small catches in the river today, it is hard to appreciate the volume of fish along the Delaware in the 17th and 18th centuries. At certain times of the year, even far upstream here at Trenton, the waters . . . — Map (db m4394) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — “Trenton Ready for War …….”
Trenton contributed mightily to the national war effort in World War I and World War II, mobilizing men and women to fight and to sustain those doing the fighting, and stepping up production in those factories providing materials critical to the military. Cemeteries, parks and public places in the city and surrounding area pay abundant testimony to the many who gave their lives during the two world wars, The War Memorial, completed in 1932, celebrates the memory of soldiers and sailors who gave . . . — Map (db m4309) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — 17th Century Trenton Timeline
(see the individual stones photographed below) Map (db m4210) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — 18th Century Trenton Timeline
(see the individual stones photographed below) Map (db m4242) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — 19th Century Trenton Timeline
(see the individual stones photographed below) Map (db m4245) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — 20th Century (and later) Trenton Timeline
(see the individual stones photographed below) Map (db m4246) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — A Natural Magnet for Native Americans
Cast your gaze downstream and try to imagine a landscape unaltered by European settlement and the Industrial Age. It is difficult today to appreciate the abundance of natural resources that once surrounded the mouth of Crosswicks Creek even as recently as 150 years ago. In Roebling Park, along Watson’s Creek, some sense of the richness of this natural habitat can be gained, but this is a pale vestige of what was available to Native Americans in the freshwater tidal wetlands between Trenton and . . . — Map (db m4379) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Abraham Hunt House
Colonel Rall was entertained on Christmas night 1776 in the house owned by Abraham Hunt which stood on this spot. — Map (db m3657) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Beulah A. OliphantWomen’s Heritage Trail
The Old Barracks is recognized as a National Historic Landmark for its significance as the finest example of colonial barracks in the United States and because of its role in the Battles of Trenton during the Revolutionary War. It is also significant as one of the earliest sites in New Jersey preserved by women. The woman who organized the effort to preserve the Old Barracks was Beulah A. Oliphant, regent and founder of the Captain Jonathan Oliphant Chapter of the Daughters of the . . . — Map (db m62214) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Black Soldiers and Patriots
Dedicated to the memory of the Black soldiers and patriots both free and enslaved who served in the American Revolution 1776 – 1783 — Map (db m4149) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Briar Patch
1952-1983 “Oldest known black bear to live in captivity” Nothing is lost that leaves a memory — Map (db m4575) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — British Light Dragoons
This meeting house was occupied by the British Light Dragoons December 1776 — Map (db m3832) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — C. Edward Murray
-1863-       -1943- Quartermaster General of New Jersey and a founder of this memorial Good citizen and good friend whose generosity to every worthy cause made him beloved Dedicated by his friend Walter Evans Edge Governor of the State of New Jersey — Map (db m4018) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Cadwalader Park
A Bicentennial commemorative site recognizing America’s 200th year of liberty Cadwalader Park Named for General Thomas Cadwalader, Trenton’s Chief Burgess in 1746. Promoted by Edmund C. Hill in 1884. Authorized by City Council in 1888 following a public poll. Designed by Frederick Law Olmsted of New York, nationally known park designer. Property acquired piecemeal, finally totaling over 100 acres. Park was completed in 1901. One of America’s outstanding municipal parks. — Map (db m4127) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Canals and Railroads – Arteries to the Heart of Industrial Trenton
As the United States began to feel the full force of the Industrial Revolution and expand its own manufacturing and commercial base, cities like Trenton that were blessed with an advantageous location were in the forefront of transportation developments. By the 1830s and 1840s, Trenton was fast emerging as an important node in the regional canal and rail system. Both the Delaware and Raritan Canal and the Camden and Amboy Railroad were chartered by the New Jersey legislature on the same day, . . . — Map (db m4298) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Capt. James Olden Paxson
Born 1835 in Trenton. He was the son of Stacy A. Paxson, a former New Jersey state treasurer. At the outbreak of the Civil War he joined Company D, 48th New York Infantry Volunteers (Die-No-Mores), which was made up of men from Trenton, and was commissioned a first lieutenant on July 24, 1861. His regiment participated in campaigns throughout Florida, Georgia and South Carolina. He was wounded on July 18, 1863, at the storming of Fort Wagner, fighting alongside Negro troops of the 54th . . . — Map (db m4470) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Capt. Joseph A. Yard
Born March 23, 1802, in Trenton. Captain Yard was involved in the export and manufacture of bristled brushes, which proved to be lucrative, but lost his fortune in 1835 due to the wars in Europe. He later was appointed principal keeper of New Jersey State Prison, occupying what is still the warden’s house, at Cass and Second Streets. He served in the New York State Assembly in 1849 and 850 and as warden of the Albany State Penitentiary. In the Mexican War he was a captain in Company G, 10th . . . — Map (db m9892) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Catherine Verducci Ford
Mrs. Ford has dedicated more than 40 years of her life to serving the people in her community, especially the youth of Chambersburg, through her involvement in various groups and organizations. No one exemplifies this commitment to the community more than Catherine Verducci Ford. Dedicated April 17, 1994 — Map (db m4200) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Charles Hewitt
Born Dec. 18, 1824, in New York City. Early in life he was principal and teacher of mathematics at the grammar school of Columbia College. He left Columbia in 1845 to join the Cooper Iron Works in Trenton. Responsible for various inventions that benefited the iron industry, he developed a process of rolling gun barrels which resulted in the manufacture of the Trenton-Springfield rifle. Active in area business he held an interest in the Trenton Iron Works, New Jersey Steel & Iron Co., Trenton . . . — Map (db m4467) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Church of the Sacred Heart
(To the right of the front door): A Bicentennial commemorative site recognizing America’s 200th year of liberty Church of the Sacred Heart New Jersey’s oldest Catholic parish Successor of St. John’s 1814 (To the left of the front door): Church of the Sacred Heart Dedicated June 30, 1889 And its parish buildings have been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior — Map (db m4060) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Cooper & Hewitt ….. Iron & Steel
Trenton initially developed as a center of iron and steel production as a result of the efforts of Peter Cooper, the well-known inventor, industrialist and philanthropist from New York City. In the mid-1840s, as Cooper began to turn his attention to the large-scale manufacture of wrought and cast iron, he saw Trenton as a key element in an emerging industrial complex that ultimately sprawled across the Middle Atlantic region and beyond. Iron ore mined around Andover in the New Jersey Highlands . . . — Map (db m4295) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Daniel Budd Bodine
Born April 16, 1814, in Tuckerton, NJ. He operated country general stores throughout Burlington and Monmouth Counties before moving to Trenton. He served as Chancery Court clerk of New Jersey from 1851 to 1856 and served as mayor of Trenton from 1877 to 1879. He was part-owner of several lumber and coal businesses, including Grant & Bodine and Bodine & Bullus (both were on Perry Street near the canal feeder). He helped found the State Street Methodist Church, serving as the . . . — Map (db m9891) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Delaware and Raritan Canal1830 – 1935
The State Street Locks were located here. The canal was 42.9 miles long and there were 14 locks between Bordentown and New Brunswick via Bound Brook. The feeder extended 21.6 miles from Raven Rock. The main stream was 75 feet wide and 8 feet deep. The company, incorporated in 1830, opened the waterway on June 26, 1834. Maximum freight traffic in 1866 was 2,857,244 tons (chiefly coal going to New York Harbor). — Map (db m10075) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Dorothea Dix
Pioneered to establish this first mental hospital in New Jersey in 1848. She was later Chief Nurse in the Union Army. — Map (db m4129) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Douglass House
Circa 1766, Home of Alexander Douglass, Quartermaster in Washington’s Army, who fought in the Battle of Assunpink, Jan. 2, 1777. Here on that date General Washington held the Council of War. Washington’s idea was to leave campfires burning on the south bank of the Assunpink allowing his men to move out toward Princeton under the cover of darkness, leaving the enemy on the opposite bank unaware. Many military historians deem this the boldest plot in American military history. The successful . . . — Map (db m3746) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Dr. John Manners
Born April 8, 1786, in Hunterdon County, N.J. A graduate of the College of New Jersey (Princeton University), he studied at the University of Pennsylvania Medical Department (1812) under Dr. Benjamin Rush, signer of the Declaration of Independence. Later he studied law, with an eye toward politics. Upon passing the bar, he argued cases in New Jersey courts before the Supreme Court of the United States. He was elected to the State Senate in 1850 and served as its president in 1852. He was . . . — Map (db m4468) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Ellarslie
A Bicentennial commemorative site recognizing America’s 200th year of liberty Ellarslie Fine example of Italianate villa designed by John Notman about 1846 for Henry McCall, Paper Manufacturer, was later home of Ion Perdicaris — Map (db m4068) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Emlen House
A Bicentennial commemorative site recognizing America’s 200th year of liberty The Emlen House Built 1796 Occupied by the Emlen Family for ninety years “The Old Stone Tea House” in the nineteen-twenties — Map (db m4065) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Europeans at the Falls of the Delaware
The lands adjoining the Falls of the Delaware River were a natural location for early European settlement, just as they had been a focus of native American occupation. The Falls were little more than a stretch of fast-running shallow water between present-day Trenton and Morrisville, but the rocky river bed could be forded here, causing several colonial regional routes to converge on this spot. The heads of tide and navigation also lay just downstream, leaving the left bank of the river ripe . . . — Map (db m4233) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Ferries across the Delaware
Two ferries across the Delaware River in the Trenton area date from the late 17th century – the Yardley Ferry and the Trenton or Middle Ferry. Two more – the Upper and Lower Ferries – were added later in the 18th century. The Yardley Ferry, four miles above the falls, was established in 1683 and formalized through an act of the Pennsylvania Assembly in 1722. It operated into the mid-1830s. The Trenton or Middle Ferry, which may have been in place as early as 1675, crossed the . . . — Map (db m4385) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Firemen’s Memorial
Dedicated to the Fire Department of the City of Trenton Volunteer Department Organized February 7, 1747 Paid Department Established April 4, 1892 Re-dedicated 1961 (Second Plaque): Memorial to the members of the Trenton Paid Fire Department who sacrificed their lives in the “line of duty” Charles Wood · August 6, 1896 Charles Tindall · July 19, 1899 John Henry · August 14, 1899 Lt. Charles Howell · May 12, 1906 John McGowan · November 19, . . . — Map (db m3983) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — First High School
Trenton’s First Public School, built here in 1874, had room for 304 students. When city growth prompted the 1902 building of a new high school at Hamilton Avenue and Chestnut Street, this became the William McKinley Elementary School. — Map (db m3572) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — First Presbyterian Churchyard
This tablet is dedicated to the memory of those men who served in the American Revolution 1775 – 1783 and who were buried in the First Presbyterian Churchyard Trenton, N.J. James Francis Armstrong • John Beatty • Nicholas de Belleville • Alexander Chambers • David R. Chambers • Robert Chambers • David Cowell • Ebenezer Cowell • John Cowell • James Ewing • Moore Furman • Smith Hill • Ellett Howell • Abraham Hunt • John Rosbruch • William Roscoe • . . . — Map (db m4005) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — First Professional Basketball Game
      On this site in 1896, was played the first professional basketball game. Fred Cooper, captain of the Trentons, had arranged for the rental of Masonic Temple Hall, after rent was paid, he distributed the remaining money among the players with each receiving $15.00 and Cooper, as captain, an extra dollar.       The Trentons were also the first champions of the first professional basketball league, the National Basketball League, winning the championship in the first season, . . . — Map (db m3658) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — First Synagogue
Trenton’s first Jewish organization, Mount Sinai Cemetery Association, formed November 19, 1857, later known as Har Sinai Hebrew Congregation, began regular synagogue services at this site in 1860. — Map (db m3654) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Fitch’s Shop
Nearby, Lt. John Fitch, official State Armourer, operated a gunshop during the Revolution. It was damaged by the Hessians in 1776. On the Delaware, in 1790, he operated the first commercial steamboat that ran on a regular, advertised schedule. — Map (db m3777) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Friends Meeting House
A Bicentennial Commemorative Site Recognizing America's 200th Year of Liberty Friends Meeting House Established 1684 by Mahlon Stacy & others as part of Chesterfield Monthly Meeting Building erected in 1739 — Map (db m3984) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — From Federal City to State Capital
Following the Treaty of Paris in 1783, the newly independent United States were faced with establishing a national capital. Up to this point the Continental Congress had met in several places, most often in Philadelphia and New York City. Congress now solicited recommendations from each of the states as to the best location for its government to take up permanent residence. New Jersey offered to partially fund the construction of a capital city if it was located within its boundaries. New . . . — Map (db m4275) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — From Teacups to Toilets
Trenton burst forth as the premier pottery-producing center of the Eastern United States in the second half of the 19th century, the city skyline soon being dominated by the smokestacks of pottery kilns. Trenton’s location as a transportation hub was key to the development of large-scale pottery manufacture in the city. Making use of the canals and railroads, clay and coal could be easily brought in to the factories and finished products could be conveniently shipped out. Potters from other . . . — Map (db m4284) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — George Clymer
(Headstone): George Clymer Signer of the Declaration of Independence Born Philadelphia June 10, 1738 Died Morrisville January 23, 1813 (Footstone): George Clymer Signer of the Constitution of the United States of America Deputy from Pennsylvania to Federal Constitutional Convention May 25, 1787 – September 17, 1787 — Map (db m4007) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — George Washington White Oak
In memory of George Washington Bicentennial Mt. Vernon White Oak –· – Planted by The Society of Daughters of Colonial Wars in the State of New Jersey March 16, 1932 Map (db m4181) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Government House
Home of Moore Furman, Trenton’s first mayor, 1792–1794. Official residence of Governor of New Jersey, 1798–1845. Gen. George B. McClellan in 1862 and Woodrow Wilson in 1912 were among many notables who occupied this famous landmark. — Map (db m3655) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Growth of Government
Trenton has been a seat of county and municipal government since colonial times, although the impact of government on the landscape of the city was relatively limited until the early 20th century. Prior to 1900, most government business was conducted in three buildings – municipal business was performed in the old city hall on North Broad Street; county business was carried out at successive Hunterdon and Mercer County Courthouses; and remarkably, almost all the offices of state . . . — Map (db m4313) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Headquarters of Colonel Johann Gottlieb Rall
On this site stood the dwelling which was the headquarters of Colonel Johann Gottlieb Rall, Hessian Commander mortally wounded in the Battle of Trenton December 26, 1776 in which house he died the following day. The dwelling was from November 30, 1784 to January 5, 1785 the official residence of Richard Henry Lee, President of the Continental Congress then in session in Trenton. — Map (db m3796) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Heritage of Sport
Trenton has a long and storied sporting tradition, both amateur and professional. The city was home to the country’s first professional basketball team, the Trentons, as the local team was known, began charging admission to their games in 1896, so that each player could receive $15 for each engagement. In 1898-99, the Trenton Nationals won the inaugural championship of the first professional basketball association, the National Basketball League. The earliest professional basketball games were . . . — Map (db m4310) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Hopewell Church
This wall encloses a portion of a plot of two acres whereon was erected in 1704 the first Christian church within the present confines of Mercer County. Early records refer to it as “Hopewell Church” and “Christ Church”. It was built for adherents to the Church of England and from it grew St. Michael’s Church of Trenton, which in 1838 disposed of the plot except for this part of the burial ground. This wall was rebuilt in 1934. Herein are the graves . . . — Map (db m4073) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — House of Alexander Douglass
Here in the house of Alexander Douglass Washington called a council of war on the evening of January 2, 1777 when the flank movement to Princeton was decided upon — Map (db m3787) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Ice, Brewing and Bottles
In the late 19th century, long after Lamberton had declined as a center of fishing, shipping and rafting, a new industrial focus emerged at the foot of Lalor Street. Here, straddling Lamberton Street, a factory complex took root where ice was made and beer was brewed and bottled. For roughly a century, buildings connected with this industry dominated the skyline and shoreline in this part of Trenton. The last remaining industrial structures were pulled down in 1998, leaving just one building . . . — Map (db m4386) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — In Loving Memory of Fire Fighters
In loving memory of Fire Fighters Robert J. Mizopalko born 9/16/1952 Joseph F. Woods, Jr. born 11/25/1960 The supreme sacrifice was made by these two brave men on the morning of August 4, 1986 while fighting a 3rd alarm fire at 121 South Warren St. Though their lives were tragically short they will forever be part of our lives. We fondly remember and salute our fallen brothers on the twentieth anniversary of this tragic event. — Map (db m3792) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Ira Wells Wood
Born June 19, 1856, in Wilkes-Barre, Pa. He graduated third in the class of 1877 at Princeton University. He served on the Trenton Board of Education (1894-1896); Trenton Common Council (1896-1900); Trenton Board of Trade (1896-1900); New Jersey State Assembly (1899-1900); as a commissioner to the Louisiana Purchase Exposition (1904); and as a delegate to the Interparliamentary Peace Union at Brussels (1905). He represented the Fourth Congressional District in Washington from 1904 to . . . — Map (db m4471) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Isaac Harrow’s Plating and Blade Mill
Established 1734 on west bank of Petty’s Run near here. Sold to Benjamin Yard in 1745. New Jersey’s first iron works. Manufactured household and farming tools and equipment. — Map (db m3760) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — James Kerney
-1873-          -1934- Appointed Director of American Committee on Public Information in France during the World War by President Woodrow Wilson Patriot Journalist Jurist whose pen defended his nation counseled her citizens sought her peace Erected by Trenton Post No. 93 American Legion Dedicated by his friend General John J. Pershing Commander-in-Chief American Expeditionary Forces 1917-1918 June 13, 1936 — Map (db m4019) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — James Taylor
Born May 16, 1810 in Staffordshire, England. Taylor came to the United States in 1829 and settled for a time in Jersey City. He worked in the potteries of Troy, Indiana; Orrsville, Kentucky; Cincinnati, Ohio, and East Liverpool, Ohio, to master his craft before moving to Trenton in 1852. He set out in business with Henry A. Speeler creating the first English-style pottery in Trenton: cane-colored fireproof ware, Rockingham and Queensware. He also invented and manufactured Whiteware in this . . . — Map (db m4465) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — John A. Roebling
Civil Engineer Designer and builder of many suspension bridges Founder of Trenton’s greatest industry An energetic worker Inventor and man of affairs Devoted to his adopted country in whose progress he had unswerving faith A patron of arts and sciences and benefactor to mankind This monument is erected by the citizens of Trenton and his sons in the year 1908 — Map (db m4128) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — John Alexander Campbell
-1856-          -1938- First President and Chairman of the Board of the Soldiers and Sailors’ War Memorial Building Commission Industrialist Banker Philanthropist whose kindly wisdom made his a happier generation Erected by his associates from all walks of life Dedicated by his friend, A. Harry Moore, Governor of New Jersey — Map (db m4020) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — John Briest
Born Nov. 11, 1836, in Trenton. He started in the printing business at an early age and became foreman of the Trenton True American print shop. He started the penny daily newspaper The Emporium, which remained in operation from 1867 to 1897. In 1905 he founded the Trenton Sunday Courier in 1905. He was city recorder and excise commissioner before his election to the Mercer County Board of Chosen Freeholders. He served as mayor of Trenton from 1871 to 1875 and was the first city comptroller . . . — Map (db m4943) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — John E. Curry Jr.
-1899-          -1990- A President and the longest serving member of this commission 1949 – 1988 Patron of the Arts – Public Servant – Musician – Impresario He made a notable contribution to the cultural life of the region Dedicated by his friend Richard J. Hughes Governor and Chief Justice of the State of New Jersey — Map (db m4021) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — John Fitch Steamboat Dock
This commemorates the genius, patience and perseverance of Lieutenant John Fitch, inventor of the first steamboat. It made successful trips between Philadelphia and Trenton in 1790 and docked near this site. — Map (db m3751) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — John Fitch’s Gun Shop
During the Revolution, Fitch manufactured guns for the Continental Army at this site. In 1786, he built the first boat in America to be propelled by steam. His last steamboat made regular Trenton – Philadelphia runs on the Delaware in 1790. — Map (db m3779) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — John O. Raum
Born 1824, in Mill Hill, now a part of Trenton. In 1854, he was the first, with Jesse M. Clark and Randolph H. Moore, to publish a city directory that included all the names, addresses and occupations of the people of Trenton. He was elected to serve as Trenton city clerk from 1857 to 1859 and as city treasurer from 1867 to 1871. During the Civil War, he was bookkeeper and accountant for the state quartermaster general’s office. The author of the first formal history of this city, . . . — Map (db m4466) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Kelsey Building
(On the right side of front door) This building was erected by Henry Cooper Kelsey as a tribute to the memory of his wife Prudence Townsend Kelsey and for the use of the students of arts and crafts of the City of Trenton A.D. 1910 ((On the left side of front door) The School of Industrial Arts of the City of Trenton — Map (db m4475) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Mahlon Stacy
In memory of Mahlon Stacy the first English settler, 1679, who owned the land both sides of the Assunpink Creek at the Falls of Delaware, now Trenton. He erected a grist mill to accommodate the neighborhood; was a member of the Governor’s Council; also of the Legislature; and Justice of the Colonial Courts. A devout member of the Society of Friends: He was interred in their graveyard in what is now Riverview Cemetery 5th day, 2nd month 1704. — Map (db m3831) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Mahlon Stacy’s Grist Mill
Trenton’s first industry. Built near here in 1679. Heirs sold mill and 800 acres to William Trent after 1704. He replaced it with a larger mill which continued under successive owners until 1828. Later converted to a cotton, and then to a paper mill. The structure was carried away by a flood in 1843. — Map (db m3740) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Many Meetings During the Revolutionary War
This tablet commemorates the site where were held many meetings during the Revolutionary War and where was assembled on Nov. 1, 1784 the Continental Congress of the several confederated states. Here the Marquis de Lafayette took final farewell of Congress December 11, 1784, and here General Washington dined and afterwards held a reception with the principal citizens of Trenton April 21, 1789, while en route to New York to assume the duties as first President of the United States. On other . . . — Map (db m3995) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Mercer Cemetery at Trenton
(On the Left Side) Organized 1842 Restored 1992 (On the Right Side) Within these walls rest statesmen, polticians, soldiers and plain citizens of 19th century Trenton. Mercer Cemetery itself is a monument to their contributions to the life of this city. (At the Back [Magowan Street] Entrance) Historic Grave Sites 1. Sgt. John P. Beech 2. James Taylor 3. John O. Raum 4. William Potts Sherman 5. Charles Hewitt 6. William Borrow 7. Dr. John . . . — Map (db m4543) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Mercer County Courthouse
Built on Mill Hill. 1839. Named for General Hugh Mercer who fought at Trenton and died in the Battle of Princeton, 1777. Goodyear vs. Day patent case tried here in 1852. Daniel Webster won for Goodyear. The result was a great impetus to local rubber industry. — Map (db m3752) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Mercer County Soldiers’ and Sailors’ Monument
(Front): Mercer County to her sons who served in the United States Army and Navy 1861-1866. Dedicated June 19, 1903 (Soldier’s Side): Liberty and Union One Flag One Land One Nation Evermore (Back): Erected as a tribute to Loyalty, Patriotism and Valor (Sailor’s Side): Dulce et Decorum Est Pro Patria Mori On fame’s eternal camping ground Their silent tents are spread, And glory guards with solemn round, The . . . — Map (db m4125) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Mill Hill Historic District
Mill Hill is named because it overlooks the site of the grist mill built along the Assunpink Creek in 1679 by Mahlon Stacy, Trenton’s first settler. On January 2, 1777, the Second Battle of Trenton was fought on the creek banks, and General Washington planned the Battle of Princeton in the Douglass House. The creek was the source of water and power for many of the early industries of Trenton. Today, the neighborhood’s buildings reflect the latter part of the 19th century. They have . . . — Map (db m3737) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Mill Hill Playhouse
The Community Theater of the City of Trenton This plaque presented in memory of Emma Jane Stockton — Map (db m4177) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Mount Zion A.M.E. Church
A Bicentennial commemorative site recognizing America’s 200th year of liberty Mount Zion A.M.E. Church The Oldest Black Church in Trenton Incorporated by slaves and freedmen 1811 Original edifice this site 1819 Member Founding Conference African Methodism Trenton Bicentennial Committee (Cornerstone) Greater Mt. Zion A.M.E. Church. Rt. Rev. D. Ward Nichols A.M.D.D. Bishop Rev. J.L. Russ S.T.B. Presiding Elder Rev. D.M. Owens, D.D. Pastor Trustees. . . . — Map (db m4945) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Native American Artifacts – Clubs to Prehistory
Artifacts recovered from prehistoric archaelogical sites, especially stone tools and ceramic pots, contain vital information about the living habits and age of Native American cultures. If the soil conditions allow, other materials – such as wood, bone, shell, textiles and environmental evidence – can also survive to give a more complete picture of Native American life. The scientific study of artifacts works alongside present-day Native American cultural traditions to help us . . . — Map (db m4207) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Native Americans Exchange Furs for European Goods
The lifestyle of the Lenape changed forever upon contact with Europeans. One source of change was the European appetite for furs in making robes, coats, hats and gloves. Dutch, Swedish and English explorers and traders exchanged items of metal, glass and cloth and trinkets of all kinds for pelts or animals like beaver and otter caught by the Lenape. Furs and hides were widely used by the Lenape for clothing and as a covering for dwellings, but they held little social or economic value in . . . — Map (db m4208) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Old Barracks
Built in 1758 for British troops of the French and Indian War. Hessians were quartered here before the Battle of Trenton. — Map (db m3756) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Old Barracks
Built in 1758 for British troops of the French and Indian War. Hessians were here at the Battle of Trenton. — Map (db m28026) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Old City Hall
Built in 1837, Trenton’s first City Hall shared space with stores and rental meeting rooms. Municipal growth led to use of the full building in 1882 and to its replacement by the new City Hall in 1910. Yard’s department store occupied the site for many years. — Map (db m3989) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Old Eagle Tavern
A Bicentennial commemorative site recognizing America’s 200th year of liberty Old Eagle Tavern During the 19th century this tavern served travelers, soldiers, and Trentonians as a social and political center. — Map (db m4061) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Old Masonic Lodge Building
(Marker to the left of the entrance): A Bicentennial Commemorative Site Recognizing America's 200th Year of Liberty Old Masonic Lodge Building (Now open to the public) Used by Trenton Masons continuously since 1793. (Marker to the right of the entrance): Old Masonic Temple Erected 1793 by Trenton Lodge No. 5 F. & A. M. Restored and Rededicated 1916 — Map (db m3781) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Old Steel Mill
Here, in 1750, Benjamin Yard made steel in an iron works founded by Isaac Harrow 1733-’34. The mill was on Petty’s Run which now flows underground. It was one of the earliest steel mills in America and a forerunner of the great industries of Trenton. — Map (db m3762) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Pre-17th Century Trenton Timeline
(see the individual stones photographed below) Map (db m4205) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Quakers Lead the Settlement of West Jersey
In the 1670s and 1680s, most of the proprietors of the Province of West Jersey were Quakers. Quakers were attracted to the new colony by the promise of economic prosperity and religious freedom as well as the opportunity to raise families in a setting free from the constraints they had encountered in England. Although Quakers are better known fir their role in the colonization of Pennsylvania, they actually settled in New Jersey first. William Penn, the Proprietor of Pennsylvania, was involved . . . — Map (db m4234) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Residence of John A. Roebling
A Bicentennial commemorative site recognizing America’s 200th year of liberty Residence, built in 1855, of John A. Roebling American developer of wire rope and the suspension bridge. Occupied by his family until after his death in 1869. Thereafter company offices until acquired by the county. Basement vaults contained company drawings and records. — Map (db m4474) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Rev. John Rosbrugh
In memory of Rev. John Rosbrugh Clerical Martyr of the Revolution Moderator of the Presbytery of New Brunswick 1776 Chaplain 3d Battalion Northampton County PA Militia December 25, 1776 Bayoneted to death by Hessians in Trenton January 2, 1777 — Map (db m4006) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Rider College
The Trenton Business College was founded on October 1, 1865 at the corner of Broad and Front Streets. After several relocations, the college constructed this building and occupied it on January 1, 1921. On February 4, 1921, the institution was reincorporated as Rider College in recognition of its founder, Andrew J. Rider. The college remained in this building until 1964 at which time it completed the move to its new campus in Lawrence Township. — Map (db m4198) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Righting Civil Wrongs and Ensuring Civil Rights
Civil rights, the rights to freedom from discrimination that every citizen and inhabitant enjoys by law, have evolved gradually over the years in the United States. For African-Americans, civil rights have been hard-won and are still an issue. Trenton’s African-American community like those in many other American cities, has experienced its own share of tribulation in attaining proper acceptance within mainstream society and has also contributed significantly to the broader civil rights . . . — Map (db m4311) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Riverview Cemetery
Riverview Cemetery, today a wedge of green between two major highways, is an oasis in the concrete and asphalt of the city where Trenton’s history is written silently in gravestones. Here in 1685, John Lambert conveyed two acres to the Chesterfield Friends Monthly Meeting for use as a burial ground. From these Quaker origins, continuing through a late 19-century expansion into a non-denominational graveyard and down to the present, Riverview has grandly occupied this bluff-top promontory. . . . — Map (db m4332) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Roebling …… Wire Rope and American Bridges
One of the iron and steel products for which Trenton became best known was wire rope. Originally developed as a stronger and more durable alternative to hemp, wire rope was first successfully produced in America in the early 1840s by John A. Roebling, a recent German immigrant then living in Western Pennsylvania. Early in his career Roebling worked as an engineer on the design and construction of canals and railroads in Pennsylvania. His main interest, however, lay in bridge technology and, in . . . — Map (db m4302) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — 1 of 12 — Route of Washington’s March
Route of Washington’s march by night from Trenton to Princeton and victory January 3, 1777. — Map (db m4057) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — 2 of 12 — Route of Washington’s March
Route of Washington’s march by night from Trenton to Princeton and victory January 3, 1777 — Map (db m4074) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Route Taken by Washington
"Eternal Vigilance is the Price of Liberty" Marking route taken by Washington from Philadelphia to Cambridge to assume command of the Patriot Army in 1775 — Map (db m3790) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Sgt. John P. Beech
Born May 1, 1844, in Staffordshire, England. Beech emigrated to Boston in 1848. In 1856, he moved to Trenton and found a job with City Pottery, at the corner of Perry and Carroll Streets. Beech joined Co. B, 4th New Jersey Volunteer Infantry on Aug. 9, 1861, to fight for the Union in the Civil War. He was promoted to corporal, Sept. 1, 1864, and to sergeant, Feb. 1, 1865. Beech was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor for bravery at Spotsylvania Courthouse, Virginia, May 12, 1864. . . . — Map (db m4464) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Shipping on the Delaware
In the colonial and early Federal periods, Lamberton was an important node in the regional trade network and a limited participant in overseas trade. Positioned at the head of navigation this small port developed as a key point of collection and distribution for the hinterland of the Middle Delaware Valley. Lamberton merchants exported agricultural produce, lumber and iron drawn in from the surrounding Piedmont and Highlands, and imported luxury goods, manufactures and staples from cities along . . . — Map (db m4383) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Site of the Golden Swan
Built about 1815. An inn 1826–1857. “The Daily True American” published by the Naar family 1857–1872. Subsequently housed various industrial and commercial activities. — Map (db m3744) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Slavery – An “Odious and Disgraceful” Practice
From the onset of European settlement in North America slavery was a recognized institution and integral to the colonial economy. Although Quakers discouraged the practice, settlers of other religious faiths living in the Delaware Valley maintained and relied heavily on the systems of bondage and indentured servitude to improve the land, raise crops and livestock, and generally support the colony’s social structure. A census of New Jersey in 1726, recorded roughly 2,500 persons as being . . . — Map (db m4273) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — South Riverwalk Park
Gifted to the City of Trenton and the Mercer County Parks Commission by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and the successful efforts of the Route 29 Community Partnering Team. Designer: Vollmer Associates, LLP Contractor: PKF-Mark III, Inc. Construction Manager: Michael Baker Jr., Inc. 2004 — Map (db m4451) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Spirit of Justice
Erected to commemorate that noble spirit of justice displayed by Gen. George Washington after his capture of Trenton in December 1776, in returning to both Whig and Tory alike their personal effects, of which they had been ruthlessly plundered by the British and Hessian Troops after their capture of Fort Washington and during their invasion of the State of New Jersey. The loot was stored in the churches, jail court-house and old barracks, which buildings had been used as quarters by the foreign . . . — Map (db m3757) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — State House
The State House is the heart of New Jersey’s State government, the second oldest State House in continuous use in the United States. First built in 1792 and expanded in every generation, the State House is a witness to two centuries of American history and a mosaic of architectural styles. President-elect Abraham Lincoln, on his way to take office, addressed the Legislature here. Governor Woodrow Wilson began here the political career that would take him to the White House. Within its walls are . . . — Map (db m3850) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Taylor Opera House
Trenton’s first theater, built here in 1867, presented everyone from Mark Twain and Ethel Barrymore to George M. Cohan before its 1921 conversion to a movie and vaudeville palace as the Capital Theatre. Governors George B. McClellan (1877) and Woodrow Wilson (1910) were both nominated and inaugurated here. — Map (db m3991) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — The Archives of the State
New Jersey maintains offices all across the State in support of the business of government. The very first of these facilities, the offices of the Secretary of State and the Clerk of the Supreme Court, was situated on this spot within a one-story building that stood in the northeast corner of the State House lot. Constructed in 1795-96, just three after the opening of the State House, the building housed vital legal documents pertaining to New Jersey’s colonial past and emergent statehood. The . . . — Map (db m10147) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — The Battles of Trenton, Turning Point of the Revolution
By December of 1776, the Continental Army had withdrawn in disarray from New York, across Central New Jersey and the Delaware River into Pennsylvania. The British were in complacent pursuit, confident that it was only a matter of weeks or months before General Washington capitulated. Then, in a remarkable turn of events, on Christmas Day and the day following, the American forces regrouped and launched a surprise counter-attack on Trenton, thereby infusing new life into the Revolutionary cause . . . — Map (db m4274) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — The First Presbyterian Church
A Bicentennial Commemorative Site recognizing America's 200th year of liberty Organized 1712 Present Building erected 1839 We are bound to God’s will (On another marker nearby on the front porch: Presbyterian Church Formed 1712 Built 1726 Rebuilt 1805 — Map (db m3993) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — The Hermitage
A Bicentennial commemorative site recognizing America’s 200th year of liberty The Hermitage Built in 1784 by General Philemon Dickinson of General Washington’s Contintental Army. Original part of building (removed 1905) was used as Hessian outpost in 1776 — Map (db m4066) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — The Penitentiary House
Labour, Silence, Penitence The Penitentiary House Erected by Legislative Authority Richard Howell, Governor In the XXII Year of Amern Independence MDCCXCVII That those who are feared for their crimes May learn to fear the laws and be useful “Hic Labor hoc opus!” — Map (db m4523) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — The Second Battle of Trenton
On this site, late in the afternoon of January 2, 1777, General Washington’s “Little Band” of determined men and boys won the Second Battle of Trenton. Having amassed a great concentration of artillery and small-arms power, the Americans withstood three powerful charges by the enemy and exacted a heavy toll in killed and wounded. This stand enabled the Americans to outflank the enemy during the night and march on to another victory at Princeton, thus completing the ten days that kept a dying revolution alive. — Map (db m3743) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — The Signing of the Ratification of the Constitution
This tablet commemorates the signing of the ratification of the Constitution of the United States by the thirty-nine commissioners of the State of New Jersey, executed on the site of this bank on the 18th day of December 1787. The one hundred and fiftieth anniversary of the ratification of the Constitution was here celebrated on the 11th day of November 1937. — Map (db m3784) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — The Story of Trenton
Settled in 1679, Trenton looks back on more than 300 years of tumultuous history. Scene of the two Battles of Trenton in 1776 and 1777 and New Jersey’s State capital since 1790, Trenton embarked on the path that turned the city into a center of industry by the end of the 19th century. Trenton made wire rope, rubber, ceramics, automobiles, pianos, cigars and more. Thousands of immigrants, including Germans, Irish, Hungarians, Poles, Slovaks, Ukrainians and Italians from Europe and . . . — Map (db m3852) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — The Swamp Angel
The first gun an eight inch Parrott Rifle or 200 pounder, fired from the Marsh Battery, on Morris Island, S.C. at the City of Charleston, 7,000 yards distance. Weight of gun 16,500 pounds, weight of charge of powder 16 pounds, and weight of projectile 150 pounds, greatest elevation used 35 degrees. Bombardment opened August 12, 1863 – gun burst at 36th round. Erected February 1871 at corner of No. Clinton Avenue and Perry Street, Trenton. Rededicated at Cadwalader Park on 100th . . . — Map (db m4130) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — The Trenton War Memorial
(On the Rededication Marker): Restored and rededicated by the people of New Jersey in honor of all those from this state who served with courage, dignity, and patriotism in the armed forces of the United States of America Our land is dearer for their sacrifices Christine Todd Whitman, Governor Donald T. Difrancesco, President of the Senate Jack Collins, Speaker of the General Assembly January 12, 1999 (Inscription over Front Porch): To the soldiers and sailors . . . — Map (db m4174) WM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — The West Jersey Proprietors Rule
Between 1674 and 1702, the province of West New Jersey was owned and governed by a group of men collectively known as the West Jersey Proprietors. The first proprietors were two Quakers, Edward Byllynge and John Fenwick, who acquired rights to half of New Jersey in 1674 from John, Lord Berkeley. Berkeley, along with Sir George Carteret, had been granted the colony in its entirety by James, Duke of York, the brother of King Charles II of England ten years earlier. Following the bankruptcy of . . . — Map (db m4235) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — The World Arrives … … Trenton Thrives
Just as the river has for centuries flowed across the falls of the Delaware, so have waves of people streamed into the Trenton area to settle, raise families and make a living. Still more people have passed through this hub in the landscape – along the river and roadways, across the ford, aboard ferries and over bridges. Native Americans were drawn here by nature’s abundance. As seasonal visits turned into extended stays, American-Indian camps on the riverbanks grew into villages. Later, . . . — Map (db m4417) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Third Ward Civic Association
This monument and plaque was erected by the citizens of the Third Ward in memory of those who served in World War 2 and for those who made the supreme sacrifice John J, McGlone, Sr. President Sam Brodner Vice-President John L. Carroll Manager — Map (db m4568) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Town Hall and Jail
Here stood the first municipal building in Trenton, 1809 – 1837. Later used as a public school, the present building, erected 1850, was the first school house to be built from public funds in the Trenton of that day. — Map (db m3788) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Trenton 1790–1834
1790 — Trenton named capital of New Jersey. John Fitch’s steamboat makes Trenton–Philadelphia trips three days a week. 1792 — State House opens. Assembly meets in State House for first time. 1799 — President John Adams moves federal government to Trenton for weeks during yellow fever epidemic in Philadelphia. 1806 — First bridge over Delaware River built at Trenton. 1811 — Religious Society of Free Africans of the City of Trenton . . . — Map (db m3985) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Trenton Battle Monument
(On the back Panel): This monument is erected by the Trenton Battle Monument Association to commemorate the victory gained by the American Army over the forces of Great Britain in this town on the 25th day of December Anno Domini 1776 (On the front door): All our hopes were blasted by that unhappy affair at Trenton From the speech of Lord George Germain, Colonial Secretary of State of King George III in British House of Commons, May 3, 1779 — Map (db m4137) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Trenton Battle Monument
A Bicentennial commemorative site recognizing America’s 200th year of liberty Trenton Battle Monument Marks site of major gun emplacement at Battle of Trenton December 25, 1776 — Map (db m4151) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Trenton Ferry
April 21, 1789, Washington passed through Trenton on his way to New York for inauguration. Reception was held in City Tavern. — Map (db m3749) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Trenton Iron Works 1847-1867
An important part of Trenton’s manufacturing history once operated near this site. Incorporated by Peter Cooper, Abram Hewitt, Edward Cooper and James Hall in 1847, the Trenton Iron Works was renowned for the quality of the goods it produced. The Trenton Iron Works, in 1854, produced the first structural wrought iron rail beams enabling construction of America’s first skyscrapers. During the American Civil War, the iron works manufactured the barrels and locks for the Trenton Springfield . . . — Map (db m3922) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Trenton Police
Dedicated May 9, 1992 1792 - 1992 (On the Left Side) In Memoriam Officer Jacob Reupp 6-14-1875 Officer George B. Grover 6-15-17 Officer John J. Clowar 11-16-64 Officer George L. Ambrosio 12-8-79 Oh almighty god, Watch over all police officers, Protect them from harm Unite them safely With their families After duty has ended. (On the Right Side) In Memoriam Officer Abner R. Braun 5-27-19 Officer James Loiacono 6-26-65 Dedicated to . . . — Map (db m4578) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Trenton YMCA
Founded in 1856, the Trenton YMCA was initially located in homes and public buildings throughout the city. In 1892, with volunteer leadership and total community support, the YMCA built their first consolidated facility on this site. By 1916, the need for a newer, larger building was evident and it was built at 2 South Clinton Avenue in 1921. — Map (db m3992) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Trenton’s Early Houses of Worship
Europeans and Africans moving into the Middle Delaware valley in the late 17th and 18th centuries professed and practiced a variety of religious faiths. In the case of the incoming European settlers, most held to some form of Protestant Christian belief, with the earliest wave of immigrants being dominated by English Quakers. Typically, worshippers first met in private homes, and then within a few years lands were being set aside for churches and meetinghouses, cemeteries and burial plots. A . . . — Map (db m4249) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Warren Street Plaza
Warren Street Plaza Dedicated 2004 -Mayor- Honorable Douglas H. Palmer -City Council- Paul M. Pintella, President Annette H. Lartigue, Vice President Milford Bethea Gino A. Melone Manuel Segura Cordelia M. Staton John G. Ungrady -Landscape Architect- Randall R. Baum — Map (db m4164) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Washington Crossing the Delaware
(On the back of the pedestal): This statue which was carved in Italy, and was first exhibited at the Centennial Exposition was purchased and presented to the city by the Mayor, the Common Council and other officials of the City of Trenton, in the year 1889 (On the front of the pedestal): This pedestal was erected by the Jr.O.U.A.M. and presented to the City of Trenton, October 18th 1892. (On the left side front of the pedestal): Accepted by his honor, Daniel . . . — Map (db m4176) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Washington Elm
(Original Marker): Washington first took command of the American Army under the grandparent of this elm at Cambridge, Mass. July 3, 1775. Raised and presented by Maryland D.A.R. Marked by New Jersey D.A.R. This tree is planted as part of the 200th anniversary of the birth of George Washington 1732 – 1932 (Replacement Marker): Dogwood planted in 1982 to replace the 1932 Washington Elm which commemorated the 200th anniversary of George Washington’s . . . — Map (db m4179) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Washington’s Triumphal Arch
At the bridge over the Assunpink Creek on April 21, 1789, the citizens of Trenton honored George Washington as he passed through a triumphal arch on his way to New York City to be inaugurated President of the United States. — Map (db m3739) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Water Power and Industry
The Trenton Water Power         The Trenton Water Power was a seven-mile canal built in the early 1830s along the left bank of the Delaware River to spur industrial development along the waterfront in Trenton. The canal drew water from the Delaware via a wing dam at Scudders Falls, passed through downtown Trenton, and emptied back into the river below the falls at present-day Waterfront Park.         In 1831 the Trenton Delaware Falls Company incorporated and was authorized by . . . — Map (db m4435) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — What happened to the Lenape?
In the 17th and early 18th centuries, while struggling to maintain their lifestyle of hunting, fishing and gathering, the Lenape released their lands to incoming Europeans through sales and treaties. The Europeans unwittingly brought with them disease to which Native Americans had little resistance. Interaction was mostly peaceable, but gradually the Lenape moved away from their ancestral lands. Following the Treaty of Eastonin 1758, most Lenape migrated west eventually settling in Ontario, . . . — Map (db m4209) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — Who, What and Where were Sanhickans?
The Sanhickans were a band of the Algonquian-speaking Lenape that occupied the Middle Delaware valley at the time of European contact in the 17th century. The Lenape territory ranged from the Atlantic coastline inland up into the Delaware, Raritan and Lower Hudson valleys. The Sanhickans were frequently at war with their Lenape neighbors, the Manhattans, who controlled territory to the northeast. Sanhickans, spelled in various ways (Sankikans, Stankekans, Zanckikan), was also the name . . . — Map (db m4206) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — William Borrow
Born Jan. 8, 1821, in England, he emigrated to America at an early age. Borrow drew the plans for the Cooper-Hewitt rolling mill, the first three-high beam rolling mill of its kind in the world, located on the Delaware River in Trenton. Later he became foreman and superintendent of the mill, which changed its name to the Trenton Iron Works. The face of his monument bears a relief carving depicting his invention for the rolling of iron rails. This invention allowed Charles Hewitt and the . . . — Map (db m4942) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — William Potts Sherman
Born 1807, in Trenton. He was the editor of the New Jersey State Gazette early in his career. Later a member and president of the Common Council, he served the short term as mayor of Trenton – April 6 to 9, 1855 – filling the vacated seat of William Napton. He was also the first elected Mercer County surrogate. A lawyer and active in business, he served as an officer to the Trenton Delaware Falls Co., Trenton Water Works, Mercer and Trenton Mutual Loan Associations, and as . . . — Map (db m4542) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — William R. McKean
Born 1803. Active in area business and politics, he was part-owner of VanCleve & McKean Iron Manufacturing Co., which eventually became the Trenton Locomotive and machine Manufacturing Co. (at South Broad St. and Hamilton Ave.), the first to manufacture railroad engines in this city. He was the first Republican elected mayor of Trenton in 1861. Earlier he sat on the Common Council in 1856 and 1857. Died June 22, 1864 at his home at 62 Academy St. — Map (db m4469) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — William Trent House
This house was built in 1719 by William Trent for whom Trenton was named Given to the City of Trenton in 1929 by Edward Ansley Stokes Restored 1934-1936 by the Civil Works Administration the Emergency Relief Administration and the Works Progress Administration under the supervision of the Trustees of the Free Public Library — Map (db m4153) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — William Trent House
This house built in 1719 by William Trent Chief Justice of New Jersey 1723-1724 from whom Trenton derived its name was his home until his death in 1724 Other owners or occupants of the house were Lewis Morris First Governor of New Jersey as a separate Province Resident 1742-1746 Col. John Cox Assistant Quartermaster General of the Continental Army Owner 1778-1792. Resident 1778-1790 Philemon Dickerson Governor of New Jersey 1836-1837 Owner . . . — Map (db m4154) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — William Trent House
has been designated a Registered National Historic Landmark under the provisions of the Historic Sites Act of August 21, 1935 This site possesses exceptional value in commemorating or illustrating the history of the United States — Map (db m4155) HM
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