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Pendleton County Markers
West Virginia (Pendleton County), Franklin — Confederate Prayer Service Pendleton County Civil War Landmark
Near this site, in May 1862, following the battle of Mcdowell, General "Stonewall" Jackson received orders to return to the Shenandoah Valley while attending church service with the army. — Map (db m34530) HM
West Virginia (Pendleton County), Franklin — Devonian Shale
The carbonaceous shale exposed in the quarry is the Marcellus brown and black shale of the driller. it yields large amounts of natural gas in southern West Virginia. — Map (db m34502) HM
West Virginia (Pendleton County), Franklin — Franklin
Settled, 1769. Named for its founder, Francis Evick. John Van Meter first reached the South Branch, 1725. Roger Dyer and others came in 1745. Site of Federal camp of Gen. John C. Fremont, 1862, on way to attack "Stonewall" Jackson. — Map (db m34500) HM
West Virginia (Pendleton County), Franklin — McCoy House Union Headquarters 1862 Valley Campaign
(Preface): Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson's unsuccessful attack on Union forces at Kernstown on March 23, 1862, alarmed Federal officials, who assigned additional troops to the Shenandoah Valley to guard against a Confederate assault on Washington, D.C.. In May and June, Jackson's "foot cavalry" marched 350 miles; defeated three Union armies in engagements at McDowell (May 8), Front Royal (May 23), Winchester (May 25), Cross Keys (June 8), and Port Republic (June 9); inflicted twice . . . — Map (db m58688) HM
West Virginia (Pendleton County), Franklin — Murder of Ambrose Meadows Pendleton County Civil War Landmark
At this site on May 10th, 1862, following the battle of Mcdowell, union soldiers murdered Rev. Abrose Meadows. A mill and the Meadows home were burned, his wife and three children left homeless. — Map (db m34462) HM
West Virginia (Pendleton County), Franklin — Pendleton County World War I Memorial
"By fairy hands their knell is rung by forms unseen their dirge is sung" Dedicated to these heroes of Pendleton County who made the supreme sacrifice in the World War 1914 - 1918 Killed in action John Dayton Dove - Riverton Raymond L. Harman - Franklin William Orbrey Lambert - Dry Run Died of Wounds or Disease Clinton Dickenson - Brandywine Isaac Roy Hedrick - Ruddle Walter Scott Homan - Franklin Abram E. Kimble - Branch Garnett O. Nelson - Riverton Charles C. Meadows - . . . — Map (db m34501) HM
West Virginia (Pendleton County), Franklin — Trout Rock Pendleton County Civil War Landmark
At this gap defeated Union forces slowed the pursuit of "Stonewall" Jackson following the battle of McDowell in May 1862. The site was used by Confederate forces to make gunpowder from saltpeter secured in nearby cave. — Map (db m34531) HM
West Virginia (Pendleton County), Franklin — Trout Rock Fort
The Trout Rock Fort was one in the chain of forts that the Virginia House of Burgesses in March 1756 directed Washington to erect for the defense of settlers in the South Branch Valley. It also marks the end of Gen. Stonewall Jackson's pursuit of the Federals after the Battle of McDowell, May 12, 1862. On this site during the War Between the States, gunpowder was made from saltpeter obtained in a nearby cave. — Map (db m34533) HM
West Virginia (Pendleton County), Harper — West Virginia / Virginia
(South Facing Side):West Virginia (Pendleton County)"The Mountain State" - western part of the Commonwealth of Virginia until June 20, 1863. Settled by the Germans and Scotch-Irish. It became a line of defense between the English and French during the French and Indian War, 1754-1763. (North Facing Side):VirginiaNamed for Queen Elizabeth, the Virgin Queen of England. Site of the first permanent English settlement, 1607, in America. One of the 13 original colonies. . . . — Map (db m34536) HM
West Virginia (Pendleton County), Oak Flat — Fort Seybert
Fort Seybert, strong frontier post with blockhouse, cabins, and stockade, surrendered to the Indians after three-day siege in 1758. Twenty of the prisoners were massacred and the others were carried into captivity. (Site 2 Mi. North) — Map (db m34461) HM
West Virginia (Pendleton County), Riverton — Germany Valley
In Germany Valley is the site of Hinkle's Fort built in 1761–1762. It was the only defense of the South Branch after Fort Upper Tract and Fort Seybert were destroyed by Shawnee Indians under Killbuck, April 27–28, 1758. — Map (db m23303) HM
West Virginia (Pendleton County), Riverton — Last Union Raid End of the War in Pendleton County
On the evening of January 13, 1865, Union Maj. Elias S. Troxel, 22nd Pennsylvania Cavalry, was leading a two-hundred-man scouting expedition south from New Creek in present-day Mineral County. After passing through Petersburg, he joined Capt. John Boggs and forty members of the Pendleton County Home Guard near present-day Seneca Rocks. From Boggs, Troxel learned that Confederate soldiers and artillery were in Franklin. As Troxel later reported, "After a toilsome march across mountains during . . . — Map (db m45040) HM
West Virginia (Pendleton County), Riverton — The "Battle of Riverton" First Union Raid into Pendleton County
At this site on March 2nd, 1862, Union forces numbering forty were attacked by local Confederate infantry and two units of cavalry. In the skirmish that resulted, Union troops rallied forcing the Confederates from the field. Two local men, Perry Bland and Thomas Powers were killed in the battle. — Map (db m49696) HM
West Virginia (Pendleton County), Seneca Rocks — 10th Mountain Division
In honor of the 10th Mountain Division and the soldiers they trained here on Seneca Rocks. In 1943-44 these men climbed here to prepare themselves for the difficulties of mountain warfare before facing action during World War II. — Map (db m23273) HM
West Virginia (Pendleton County), Seneca Rocks — A Melting Pot House
The American frontier was one of the world's most effective architectural mixing pots. This typical Appalachian home started as a German Blockbau style log house. Hewn (squared) logs with V-notched corner joints, spaced apart with stone and clay chink and small casement windows are of German origin. The later heavy frame and "stick-built" additions illustrate technological advances as the valley became developed. The "hall and parlor" floor plan and Tudor stone fireplaces are . . . — Map (db m23236) HM
West Virginia (Pendleton County), Seneca Rocks — Champe Rocks
Near Champe Rocks is the home and grave of Sergeant John Champe who was sent by General Washington and Major Lee to kidnap Benedict Arnold, the traitor, from within the British lines. The daring plot almost succeeded. — Map (db m9264) HM
West Virginia (Pendleton County), Seneca Rocks — More Than One Way Up
The first recorded ascent of Seneca Rocks was in 1939. Since then, climbers have explored a maze of more than four-hundred routes across its face. Some routes lead to the summit; others meet dead-ends. Climbers from around the world come to test their skills, spend time with friends and enjoy the view at one of the most popular climbing locations in the eastern United States. Non-climbers can get a "climber's eye-view" by hiking up to the observation platform near the North Summit. Climbing . . . — Map (db m23257) HM
West Virginia (Pendleton County), Seneca Rocks — Seneca Rocks
Seneca Rocks, an outstanding natural formation of Tuscarora Sandstone of the Silurian Age, rises over 900 feet above the North Fork of the South Branch. This almost perpendicular rock mass overlooks junction of Seneca Trail and Shawnee Trail, or Warriors' Path, and the site of the Indian village with its legend of "Snow Bird," the Indian Princess. One of West Virginia's best known landmarks. — Map (db m45033) HM
West Virginia (Pendleton County), Seneca Rocks — Sites Homestead
Originally constructed around 1830 by Jacob Sites, this homestead started as a single room log cabin. William Sites, one of his two sons, expanded it into a two story frame structure in the late 1850's using locally available materials and skilled craftsmen. The fine hand crafted architectural details are typical of the period. William Sites fought for the Confederacy during the Civil War, was captured in 1862 and died here shortly after his release. Following his death various descendants . . . — Map (db m23232) HM
West Virginia (Pendleton County), Upper Tract — Fort Upper Tract
Site of Fort Upper Tract, one of the forts erected under Washington's orders to guard the settlements. In 1758, Indians captured and burned it. Captain James Dunlap and 21 others were killed. No one escaped. — Map (db m50401) HM
West Virginia (Pendleton County), Upper Tract — Old Judy Church
Oldest log church building in Pendleton Co. Built in 1848 of hewn white pine logs cut nearby. Served as Methodist Episcopal Church until 1910 when abandoned. Used as community center since rededication in 1936. — Map (db m50400) HM
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