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Pendleton County West Virginia Historical Markers

 
Spruce Knob Marker image, Click for more information
By J. J. Prats, January 30, 2016
Spruce Knob Marker
West Virginia (Pendleton County), Circleville — Spruce Knob
Spruce Knob (9 miles west), 4,860 feet and the highest point in West Virginia, lies slightly above the crest ridge of Spruce Mountain. The crest lies above 4,500 feet for more than 10 miles and is strewn with fragments of Pottsville Sandstone of the . . . — Map (db m99532) HM
West Virginia (Pendleton County), Franklin — Confederate Prayer ServicePendleton County Civil War Landmark
Near this site, in May 1862, following the battle of Mcdowell, General "Stonewall" Jackson received orders to return to the Shenandoah Valley while attending church service with the army. — Map (db m34530) HM
West Virginia (Pendleton County), Franklin — Devonian Shale
The carbonaceous shale exposed in the quarry is the Marcellus brown and black shale of the driller. it yields large amounts of natural gas in southern West Virginia. — Map (db m34502) HM
West Virginia (Pendleton County), Franklin — Franklin
Settled, 1769. Named for its founder, Francis Evick. John Van Meter first reached the South Branch, 1725. Roger Dyer and others came in 1745. Site of Federal camp of Gen. John C. Fremont, 1862, on way to attack "Stonewall" Jackson. — Map (db m34500) HM
West Virginia (Pendleton County), Franklin — McCoy HouseUnion Headquarters — 1862 Valley Campaign
(Preface): Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson's unsuccessful attack on Union forces at Kernstown on March 23, 1862, alarmed Federal officials, who assigned additional troops to the Shenandoah Valley to guard against a Confederate assault on . . . — Map (db m58688) HM
West Virginia (Pendleton County), Franklin — Murder of Ambrose MeadowsPendleton County Civil War Landmark
At this site on May 10th, 1862, following the battle of Mcdowell, union soldiers murdered Rev. Abrose Meadows. A mill and the Meadows home were burned, his wife and three children left homeless. — Map (db m34462) HM
West Virginia (Pendleton County), Franklin — Pendleton County World War I Memorial
"By fairy hands their knell is rung by forms unseen their dirge is sung" Dedicated to these heroes of Pendleton County who made the supreme sacrifice in the World War 1914 - 1918 Killed in action John Dayton Dove - Riverton Raymond L. Harman . . . — Map (db m34501) HM
West Virginia (Pendleton County), Franklin — Trout RockPendleton County Civil War Landmark
At this gap defeated Union forces slowed the pursuit of "Stonewall" Jackson following the battle of McDowell in May 1862. The site was used by Confederate forces to make gunpowder from saltpeter secured in nearby cave. — Map (db m34531) HM
West Virginia (Pendleton County), Franklin — Trout Rock Fort
The Trout Rock Fort was one in the chain of forts that the Virginia House of Burgesses in March 1756 directed Washington to erect for the defense of settlers in the South Branch Valley. It also marks the end of Gen. Stonewall Jackson's pursuit of . . . — Map (db m34533) HM
West Virginia (Pendleton County), Harper — West Virginia / Virginia
(South Facing Side):West Virginia (Pendleton County)"The Mountain State" - western part of the Commonwealth of Virginia until June 20, 1863. Settled by the Germans and Scotch-Irish. It became a line of defense between the English and . . . — Map (db m34536) HM
West Virginia (Pendleton County), Oak Flat — Fort Seybert
Fort Seybert, strong frontier post with blockhouse, cabins, and stockade, surrendered to the Indians after three-day siege in 1758. Twenty of the prisoners were massacred and the others were carried into captivity. (Site 2 Mi. North) — Map (db m34461) HM
West Virginia (Pendleton County), Riverton — "Battle" of RivertonMarch 2nd 1862 — First Union Raid into Pendleton County
At this site, Confederate infantry along with two units of cavalry engaged Union forces numbering close forty. In the skirmish that resulted, Union troops rallied: forcing the Confederates from the field. Two local, Perry Bland and Thomas Powers . . . — Map (db m92895) HM
West Virginia (Pendleton County), Riverton — Germany Valley
In Germany Valley is the site of Hinkle's Fort built in 1761–1762. It was the only defense of the South Branch after Fort Upper Tract and Fort Seybert were destroyed by Shawnee Indians under Killbuck, April 27–28, 1758. — Map (db m23303) HM
West Virginia (Pendleton County), Riverton — Last Union RaidEnd of the War in Pendleton County
On the evening of January 13, 1865, Union Maj. Elias S. Troxel, 22nd Pennsylvania Cavalry, was leading a two-hundred-man scouting expedition south from New Creek in present-day Mineral County. After passing through Petersburg, he joined Capt. John . . . — Map (db m45040) HM
West Virginia (Pendleton County), Riverton — Oriskany Sand
The massive sandstone across the road is the Oriskany of the driller and geologist. The "Oriskany Sand", an important gas sand, has produced in excess of a trillion cubic feet of gas in West Virginia. — Map (db m80414) HM
West Virginia (Pendleton County), Riverton — The "Battle" of RivertonFirst Union Raid into Pendleton County
At this site on March 2nd, 1862, Union forces numbering forty were attacked by local Confederate infantry and two units of cavalry. In the skirmish that resulted, Union troops rallied forcing the Confederates from the field. Two local men, Perry . . . — Map (db m49696) HM
West Virginia (Pendleton County), Riverton — Tuscarora (Clinton) Sand
The massive vertical sandstone forming Judy Rocks is the Tuscarora of the driller and geologist. The "Tuscarora (Clinton) Sand" yields some gas although it is largely untested in West Virginia. — Map (db m80415) HM
West Virginia (Pendleton County), Seneca Rocks — 10th Mountain Division
. . . — Map (db m23273) HM
West Virginia (Pendleton County), Seneca Rocks — A Melting Pot House
The American frontier was one of the world's most effective architectural mixing pots. This typical Appalachian home started as a German Blockbau style log house. Hewn (squared) logs with V-notched corner joints, spaced apart with stone and . . . — Map (db m23236) HM
West Virginia (Pendleton County), Seneca Rocks — Champe Rocks
Near Champe Rocks is the home and grave of Sergeant John Champe who was sent by General Washington and Major Lee to kidnap Benedict Arnold, the traitor, from within the British lines. The daring plot almost succeeded. — Map (db m9264) HM
West Virginia (Pendleton County), Seneca Rocks — More Than One Way Up
The first recorded ascent of Seneca Rocks was in 1939. Since then, climbers have explored a maze of more than four-hundred routes across its face. Some routes lead to the summit; others meet dead-ends. Climbers from around the world come to test . . . — Map (db m23257) HM
West Virginia (Pendleton County), Seneca Rocks — Seneca Rocks
Seneca Rocks, an outstanding natural formation of Tuscarora Sandstone of the Silurian Age, rises over 900 feet above the North Fork of the South Branch. This almost perpendicular rock mass overlooks junction of Seneca Trail and Shawnee Trail, or . . . — Map (db m45033) HM
West Virginia (Pendleton County), Seneca Rocks — Sites Homestead
Originally constructed around 1830 by Jacob Sites, this homestead started as a single room log cabin. William Sites, one of his two sons, expanded it into a two story frame structure in the late 1850's using locally available materials and skilled . . . — Map (db m23232) HM
West Virginia (Pendleton County), Upper Tract — Eagle Rocks
Named for William Eagle, a Revolutionary War soldier who lived nearby. Enlisting at age fifteen, 12-24-1776, he served in the 3rd, 4th, 8th, and 12th Va. Rgts., Continental Line, at Valley Forge and Yorktown. Died, 1848, and is buried here. — Map (db m85457) HM
West Virginia (Pendleton County), Upper Tract — Fort Upper Tract
Site of Fort Upper Tract, one of the forts erected under Washington's orders to guard the settlements. In 1758, Indians captured and burned it. Captain James Dunlap and 21 others were killed. No one escaped. — Map (db m50401) HM
West Virginia (Pendleton County), Upper Tract — Old Judy Church
Oldest log church building in Pendleton Co. Built in 1848 of hewn white pine logs cut nearby. Served as Methodist Episcopal Church until 1910 when abandoned. Used as community center since rededication in 1936. — Map (db m50400) HM
West Virginia (Pendleton County), Upper Tract — Smoke Hole
The Smoke Hole, a rugged canyon of 1421 feet elevation, made by the South Branch of he Potomac River, extends eighteen miles to the junction with the North Fork. In Coeymans Limestone of Devonian Age, the river has carved out various formations and . . . — Map (db m94117) HM
West Virginia (Pendleton County), Upper Tract — Smoke Hole
Smoke Hole, a rugged canyon formed by the South Branch of the Potomac River, extends eighteen miles south to U.S. 220. Early explorers reported that heavy mists rising from the canyon looked like smoke coming from a deep hole. The canyon . . . — Map (db m95513) HM
West Virginia (Pendleton County), Upper Tract — Smoke Hole Cave
On Smoke Hole Knob (300 yards west), overlooking this site, is Smoke Hole Cave with its circular chamber, forty feet high and fifteen feet in diameter, resembling an inverted hornet’s nest, tapering to a natural chimney or “smoke hole.” . . . — Map (db m99521) HM
West Virginia (Pendleton County), Upper Tract — St. George’s Church
Built about 1850 as Methodist Episcopal Meeting House and known as Palestine Church. First trustees: Alfred Kimble, Jacob L. Kimble, J.H. Lantz, Abraham Kile, and Isaac Ault. Bought by Espiscopal Church, 1831; rededicated 1966. — Map (db m99525) HM

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