|Wyoming (Platte County), Guernsey — Centre Star Station|
|Vertical on the stake
XP / Centre Star / Station Site/ Pony Express / Trail 1860 - 1861
Small plaque mounted on the stake
AKA Ward’s Station
Nine Mile House - Sand Point - Adolph’s
Sponsored by: Jim Stretesky - Frederick Family - Rob and Gail Collins Families
Pony Express Trail Association - Joe Nardone, Historian — Map (db m79803) HM|
|Wyoming (Platte County), Guernsey — Encampments in the Guernsey Area|
|By wagon, encampments in the Guernsey area, are a day's trek from Fort Laramie. Emigrants had three choices of camp sites in the Guernsey area: Register Cliff, Warm Springs or Cold Springs, the farthest encampment.
Lieutenant John C. Fremont's Camp Site
In 1842, Lieutenant John C. Fremont, led a mapping expedition of the Oregon Trail. According to Fremont's map maker, Charles Preuss, the flat area just below this sign is the most likely where the expedition camped on 21-22 July . . . — Map (db m85773) HM|
|Wyoming (Platte County), Guernsey — Fort Laramie|
| This sighting device points to the crest of a ridge separating the North Platte and Laramie Rivers. Directly down the opposite slope, on the banks of the Laramie about a mile above the confluence of the streams, stands Fort Laramie. It is about eight miles from here as the crow flies, but twelve miles by road. Founded in 1834 by fur traders William Sublette and Robert Campbell, who named their log structure Fort William, the post was acquired by the American Fur Company in 1841. That company . . . — Map (db m86933) HM|
|Wyoming (Platte County), Guernsey — Forts, Stations, and Camps|
|Two plaque, under the same name, described military forts and stations on the Wyoming's Platte River section of the Oregon Trail.
There were four forts, numerous stations, and camps along the Oregon-California-Mormon Trails in Wyoming during the mid-1800s. In 1849, Fort Laramie was specifically established to protect emigrants travelling west. The post was abandoned on March 2, 1890. Fort Clay was established October 1855 and predesignated Camp Davis February . . . — Map (db m85769) HM|
|Wyoming (Platte County), Guernsey — Grave of Lucindy Rollins|
| Grave of
1849 - 1934
Dedicated to the Pioneer
Women of Wyoming
Erected by the
Historical Landmark Commission
of Wyoming — Map (db m79831) HM|
|Wyoming (Platte County), Guernsey — Guernsey – Frederick Ranch|
| The sight centers on the headquarters buildings of the Guernsey-Frederick Ranch. That these building stand almost in the shadow of Register Cliff is symbolic of the valley’s heritage. Here, history emphasizes the Oregon Trail; such other epochs as the storied Cattleman’s Frontier are subordinated by memories and the visual landmarks of that nationally famous emigrant road. Since the days of “open range” and “free grass” the Guernsey-Frederick Ranch has been . . . — Map (db m86944) HM|
|Wyoming (Platte County), Guernsey — Guernsey Pipeline Station|
| This sight points to the Guernsey Pipeline Station, jointly owned by the Platte Pipeline Company, the American Oil Company and the Continental Oil Company. Most of the structures under view were built in 1952 although, owing to the river’s favorable grade and south-easterly course, the first pipeline through this vicinity was delivering Platte Valley petroleum wealth to mid-western urban centers as early as 1918. Technologically, this station is capable of interchanging crude oil among several . . . — Map (db m86954) HM|
|Wyoming (Platte County), Guernsey — Guernsey War Memorial|
| In memory of those who made the supreme sacrifice in defense of their country in World War II
Simeon Albert • Edgar A . Beal • Arthur L. Birieffi • Joseph N. Bowman • Frank L. Covington • Marvin Holcomb • Leland L. Lane • Charles M. Mathews • Milton A. Patterson • Gerald W. Sharp • Roy Ross Stratton • James Beryl Thompson • Jack A. Webb • Jim F. Webb — Map (db m79806) WM|
|Wyoming (Platte County), Guernsey — Historic Guernsey Area|
|Platted and established by the Lincoln Land Company of the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad, Guernsey garners its name from Charles A. Guernsey, noted legislator, rancher, and investor in early Wyoming.
The historic Guernsey area encompasses a key stretch of the North Platte River Valley from the Nebraska border west to the Hartville Uplift. The river forms an historic transportation corridor that began with the Native Americans, continued with emigrants along the . . . — Map (db m79807) HM|
|Wyoming (Platte County), Guernsey — Laramie Peak|
| The sight points to Laramie Peak, altitude 10,247 feet, the highest elevation in the Laramie Range. These mountains were originally called the Black Hills, a name derived from the dark appearance of their evergreen forests as noted from far to the eastward by westward-journeying mountain men. Only the northern end of the range, in northeastern Wyoming and western South Dakota, is now known as the Black Hills. Although the name of that more legendary than historic figure, Lacques LaRamie, has . . . — Map (db m86943) HM|
|Wyoming (Platte County), Guernsey — Lock and Roll Down a Rocky Road|
|The historic Oregon Trail descends from the benchlands across the valley to the river bottom below. Brigham Young’s 1847 Company of Mormon Pioneers crossed the south side of the North Platte River near Fort Laramie to follow the Oregon Trail past this point. William Clayton, in his guidebook for emigrants, describes the trail as a ”steep hill to descend… the descent being over rock and very steep… dangerous to wagons, but it is not lengthy.”
The trail followed a line of . . . — Map (db m79834) HM|
|Wyoming (Platte County), Guernsey — Mexican Hill|
| Spotted through the right-hand sight is Mexican Hill. At Mexican Hill the covered wagon emigrants, having turned into the fort on the Laramie River for information, supplies or repairs, cut over the intervening ridge to regain the Platte River route. There, wagon ruts worn into bedded rock attest to the volume of westward traffic traversing the Oregon Trail during the years 1840 to 1870. Coming down Mexican Hill’s steep slope, drivers roughlocked wheels to keep wagons from running into their . . . — Map (db m86931) HM|
|Wyoming (Platte County), Guernsey — North Platte River|
| North Platte River: Gateway Corridor
Currents of History Travel Alongside the North Platte River
Routes along the river originally used by Native Americans were later adopted by fur traders. Beginning as a trickle, waves of wagon train emigrants turned the North Platte River Valley into a major corridor west. Permanent communities came later, and were dependent on the transportation routes that continued to follow the river. The wagon roads, railroads, and eventually . . . — Map (db m79839) HM|
|Wyoming (Platte County), Guernsey — North Platte River|
| In 1739 the brothers Pierre and Paul Mallet, earliest explorers along this river’s lower course, named it after the French word for flat. Although the sighting tube aims at a wide, strong-flowing current, the North Platte is not navigable. It is unlikely that prehistoric foragers, habituated to arid environs, would have attempted a journey on water. But flint quarries and hematite miners, accustomed to cruising Midwestern rivers and burdened with the products of their labors, might have tried . . . — Map (db m86937) HM|
|Wyoming (Platte County), Guernsey — Oregon Trail|
|Two monuments, one erected in 1932 and the other a modern replacement, are located in the Guernsey city park.
To All Pioneers
Who Passed This Way
To Win and Hold the West
Trail Ruts and Register Cliff
One Mile South — Map (db m79833) HM|
|Wyoming (Platte County), Guernsey — Oregon Trail Memorial|
|Dedicated to the pioneers of Wyoming Register Cliff acquired by the State of Wyoming through gift of the Henry Frederick family 1932 — Map (db m86926) HM|
|Wyoming (Platte County), Guernsey — Oregon Trail Ruts — Registered National Historic Landmark|
|Wagon wheels cut solid rock, carving a memorial to Empire Builders. what manner of men and beasts impelled conveyances weighting on those griding wheels? Look! A line of shadows crossing boundless wilderness.
Foremost, nimble mules drawing their carts, come poised Montain Men carrying trade goods to a fur fair -- the Rendezvous. So, in 1830, Bill Sublette turns the first wheels from St. Louis to the Rocky Mountains! Following his faint trail, a decade later and on throught the 1860's, . . . — Map (db m5748) HM|
|Wyoming (Platte County), Guernsey — Oregon Trail Ruts|
|has been designated a Registered National Historic Landmark Under the provisions of the Historic Sites Act of August 21, 1935 this site possesses exceptional value in commemorating or illustrating the history of the United States. U.S. Department of the Interior National Park Service 1966 — Map (db m86924) HM|
|Wyoming (Platte County), Guernsey — Oregon Trail Ruts State Historic Site — The Trail West — A Difficult Journey|
| Three panels are found at the Park Kiosk near the parking lot.
The Trail West
During the mid-1800s, more than 500,000 pioneers journeyed west. Never more than a rocky, rutted trail, the road west began in Missouri, crossing the plains before entering Wyoming along the North Plate River. Travel became more difficult, upon reaching Wyoming, as the terrain changed from the wide-open plains to the rugged, arid landscape typical of the west. The westward migration by wagon . . . — Map (db m85924) HM|
|Wyoming (Platte County), Guernsey — Register Cliff|
|The wayfarer's penchant for inscribing names and dates on prominent landmarks excites the interest of his descendants. Regrettably, marks of historic value are often effaced by later opportunists.
Along the Oregon Trail, famed transcontinental route of the 19th century, pertinent dates are from the 1820's through the 1860's. Three outstanding recording areas exist within Wyoming: Register Cliff here; Independence Rock, 180 miles west; and Names Hill, a further 175 miles along the Trail's . . . — Map (db m5749) HM|
|Wyoming (Platte County), Guernsey — Register Cliff State Historic Site|
|Three panels are located at the Register Cliff State Historic Site kiosk.
Register Cliff State Historic Site
West of Register Cliff the landscape changes, presenting new challenges for the emigrants. Limited water and rugged terrain made travel more difficult as they journeyed across the plains of southern Wyoming toward Fort Bridger, the next major supply point - 368 miles away.
Register Cliff represents one of the best ‘trail registers . . . — Map (db m79836) HM|
|Wyoming (Platte County), Guernsey — Register Cliffs|
| Register Cliff stands in plain view after it is singled out by the sighting device. This natural landmark, enrolled in the National Register of Historic Places, is a developed area with parking and rest facilities, foot trails and informative signs. A fence protects the earliest names registered on the cliff face. Also fenced is a little cemetery originated by covered wagon emigrants. The Cliff’s historical significance stems from the large number of emigrant names and dates carved in the . . . — Map (db m86939) HM|
|Wyoming (Platte County), Guernsey — Rifle Pit Hill — Cold Springs Camping Ground|
|Rock quarries, visible from several points near this location, were used beginning in 1849 to supply stone and lime for construction projects at Fort Laramie, about 15 miles east. Workers in the quarries were protected by soldiers stationed in fortified rifle pits dug in the crest of the low hill to the northeast. Five such rifle pits, eighteen to twenty four inches deep, form a well arranged defense perimeter.
The rifle pits also overlook the Cold Spring campground, a popular camping and . . . — Map (db m85753) HM|
|Wyoming (Platte County), Guernsey — Sand Point|
| A monument marking Sand Point appears as a white dot in the center of the sight. Sand deposits caused by currents at a bend in the river evidently gave the site its name. The surrounding meadows have been favorite campsites since prehistoric time. Seth Ward and William Guerrier established an Indian trade post at Sand Point in 1852. It was an ideal location for trading in hides and furs as well as for supplying Oregon Trail travelers who camped nearby. In 1852, a lady diarist wrote, “We . . . — Map (db m86941) HM|
|Wyoming (Platte County), Guernsey — The Burlington – Northern Railroad|
| Pointed out by the sight, Burlington-Northern tracks are in close view. That railroad’s forerunner, the Burlington and Missouri, laid rails up the North Platte Valley in 1900. With a view to eventually reaching the Pacific, the company surveyed beyond immediate construction goals – on through South Pass. Primarily laid down as a supplement to existing feeder lines in Iowa and Nebraska, this branch line was intended for moving Wyoming range livestock to Midwestern feedlots and, following . . . — Map (db m86948) HM|
|Wyoming (Platte County), Guernsey — The Oregon Trail — 1841|
|Cold Spring camping ground. Rifle pits on brow of hill 500 feet north. Erected by the Historical Landmark Commission of Wyoming 1943 — Map (db m86711) HM|
|Wyoming (Platte County), Guernsey — The United States Army and the Oregon Trail|
| The U.S. Army's Role in Protecting the Oregon Trail in Wyoming 1842 to 1870
Lieutenant John C. Fremont led an expedition west in 1842 to map a route to Oregon Territory. The scout, Kit Carson, guided the expedition. Lieutenant Fremont’s report and Charles Preuss’s maps were used by many emigrants.
In June of 1849, the First Army post in Wyoming was established at Fort Laramie, also known as Fort John. Fort John was an old American Fur Company trading post located near . . . — Map (db m85771) HM|
|Wyoming (Platte County), Guernsey — The US Army’s Role in Protecting the Oregon Trail is Best Described by the Soldiers|
|Three plaques, under the same title, describe how the U.S. Army protected immigrants on the Oregon Trail.
“If it is in contemplation to keep open communications with Oregon Territory, a show of military force in this country is absolutely necessary; and a combination of advantages renders the neighborhood of Fort Laramie the most suitable place, on the line of the Platte, for the establishment of a military post." Brevet Capt. John C. Fremont, leader of the . . . — Map (db m85766) HM|