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Preston County Markers
West Virginia (Preston County), Albright — Albright
In 1812, David Albright, a War of 1812 soldier, settled on Muddy Creek with his family. In 1821 he purchaed 687 acres on the Cheat River. A bridge was built across the river in 1828 and the area was called Albrightsville. The name was shortened by the Post Office in 1882. The M&K Railroad reached town in 1906. Albright was incorporated in 1914. — Map (db m75136) HM
West Virginia (Preston County), Albright — Dunkard Bottom
Thomas Echarlin (Echarly) and two brothers settled here, 1784; first white men of record in Preston County. Brothers killed by Indians and cabin was burned. Site of National Guard Camp since 1909. — Map (db m75142) HM
West Virginia (Preston County), Albright — Imagining an Iron Furnace in Operation — The River of Promise Trail
Harrison Hagans opened the Virginia Iron Furnace you see here in 1854. Except during the Civil War, the furnace operated intermittently until 1888. Workers layered limestone, charcoal, and iron ore to forge pig iron that went into steel. A wooden raceway brought water from Muddy Creek and Crab Orchard Run. The 50-food water wheel pumped bellows that blew air into the fire. This kept temperatures at 2600° to 3000° F. At the right time, workers opened a tiny door at the bottom of the stack. . . . — Map (db m75121) HM
West Virginia (Preston County), Albright — Old Iron Furnace
Built by Harrison Hagans in 1852. This furnace and others were used to cast iron in frontier days. Early castings were made here for the Brandonville stove used by the early settlers west of the Ohio River. — Map (db m75119) HM
West Virginia (Preston County), Arthurdale — “Arthurdale”
Colonel John Fairfax’s old plantation. He was aide to General Washington in the Revolution and at one time was superintendent of Mt. Vernon. The mansion was built in 1818. Federal homestead project here was model for others. — Map (db m75117) HM
West Virginia (Preston County), Arthurdale — Arthurdale
Established 1933,-'34 under Federal Homestead Act, one of several model planned-communities nationwide, and a pet project of Eleanor Roosevelt, to assist unemployed through self-sufficient farming and handicrafts. Town built on 2,400 acres, included 165 homes on 4-acre plots; schools; chicken and dairy farms; furniture, pottery, metal and textile shops; a store, community hall and an inn. — Map (db m75116) HM
West Virginia (Preston County), Aurora — Aurora
Rev. John stough and family settled at Mount Carmel about 1787, and about 1790 Stough started the first gristmill. The first church was the Salem Evangelical Lutheran Church orginized between 1792 and 1796. — Map (db m476) HM
West Virginia (Preston County), Aurora — Gantz Sand
The upper Devonian or lower Mississippian strata and the “Gantz” or “Berea Sand” of the driller, is a clean pebbly sandstone. It produces oil and natural gas at depths greater than 1700 feet in north central West Virginia. — Map (db m475) HM
West Virginia (Preston County), Aurora — Old Stone Tavern
Built by Henry Grimes circa 1825. It was opened as a tavern in 1841 and kept by George G. Houser, Hiram Hanshaw and William H. Grimes. This was the first tavern in Union District on the Northwestern Turnpike. — Map (db m474) HM
West Virginia (Preston County), Aurora — Preston County / Maryland
Preston County. Formed from Monongalia in 1818 and named for James Preston, 13th governor of Virginia. here is model Federal homestead project, sponsored by Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt, the wife of Franklin Delano Roosevelt, 32nd President. Maryland. Named for Queen Henrietta Maria, the wife of Charles I, who gave a royal charter to Cecil Calvert, second Lord Baltimore, 1632. First settled at Saint Mary's City in 1634. It is one of the thirteen original colonies. — Map (db m473) HM
West Virginia (Preston County), Brandonville — Brandonville
Made famous by Brandonville stoves, product of old iron furnaces. Here in 1839 was published one of the early agricultural papers. In the vicinity stood Fort Morris, built before 1774 on the lands of Richard Morris. — Map (db m74508) HM
West Virginia (Preston County), Bruceton Mills — Bruceton
John Judy and James Clark settled in this vicinity, 1769. First known as Milford for Morton’s Mill, built in 1792. The Greenville Iron Furnace, built about 1815 by Walter Carlile, and the Valley Iron Furnace were not far away. — Map (db m20266) HM
West Virginia (Preston County), Glade Farm — Preston County / Pennsylvania
Preston County. Formed from Monongalia in 1818 and named for James Preston, 13th governor of Virginia. Here is model Federal homestead project, sponsored by Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt, the wife of Franklin Delano Roosevelt, 32nd President. Pennsylvania. Named for William Penn to whom it was granted in 1681 by Charles II. In 1682, Penn made his first settlement Philadelphia. Early settlements had been made by Swedes in 1838. It was one of the thirteen original colonies. — Map (db m74509) HM
West Virginia (Preston County), Hazelton — Combat Wounded Veterans Memorial
Dedicated to All Men and Women Wounded in All our Wars

My Stone is Red for the Blood they Shed. The Medal I Bear is my Country's way to Show they Care. If I could be Seen by all Mankind maybe Peace will Come in My Lifetime. — Map (db m74418) WM

West Virginia (Preston County), Hazelton — Medal of Honor Recipients Memorial PlazaWest Virginia Welcome Center
West Virginia salutes these brave men and women for their gallantry in battle. — Map (db m70901) WM
West Virginia (Preston County), Hopemont — Hopemont State Hospital
Established in 1911 by an act of the Legislature as the State Tuberculosis Sanitarium. In 1921, name was changed to the Hopemont Sanitarium and to the Hopemont State Hospital for the chronically ill, aged, and infirm in 1965. — Map (db m21196) HM
West Virginia (Preston County), Hopemont — Preston County / Maryland
Preston County. Formed from Monongalia in 1818 and named for James Preston, 13th governor of Virginia. Here is model Federal homestead project, sponsored by Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt, the wife of Franklin Delano Roosevelt, 32nd President. Maryland. Named for Queen Henrietta Maria, the wife of Charles I, who gave a royal charter to Cecil Calvert, second Lord Baltimore, 1632. First settled at Saint Mary’s City in 1634. It is one of the thirteen original colonies. — Map (db m75147) HM
West Virginia (Preston County), Hopemont — Washington's Camp
In 1784 George Washington, Bushrod Washington, James Craik and his son made a horseback journey to inspect their western lands and investigate the feasibility of building a canal from the Potomac River to westward waters. On their return trip, they camped for a night near the present site of Hopemont before continuing southward through the South Branch Valley and east to Rockingham, Va. — Map (db m20842) HM
West Virginia (Preston County), Kingwood — “The Pines”Frontiers to Mountaineers Heritage Tourism
The home of Charles Clark and Persis Hagans McGrew was built in 1841, with additions in 1869. The building reflects the Federal and Italianate architectural styles and was placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1993. James McGrew was instrumental in the formation of the state of West Virginia and served in the first West Virginia Legislature from 1863-1865. He later served two terms in Congress and was the first mayor of Kingwood. The Preston County Commission purchased the . . . — Map (db m34620) HM
West Virginia (Preston County), Kingwood — Kingwood
Named for grove of big trees. Southeast is Dunkard Bottom, settled by Thomas Eckarly, 1754. Near by during Indian raids in 1778 and 1788, many settlers were killed. Martin Wetzel and William Morgan, noted frontier scouts, had narrow escapes. — Map (db m21199) HM
West Virginia (Preston County), Kingwood — Preston County CourthouseFrontiers to Mountaineers Heritage Tourism
First settled in 1807, Kingwood was named for the grove of trees located where the courthouse now stands. On January 19, 1818, the Commonwealth of Virginia created Preston as its 35th county. Kingwood from its beginning has served as the territorial and county seat. In 1861, when Virginia voted to secede from the Union, Prestonians indicated in a resolution, read at the courthouse by William G. Brown and James C. McGrew their desire to become a separate state and remain in the Union. West . . . — Map (db m34619) HM
West Virginia (Preston County), Kingwood — Price's Tavern
Preston County was formed in the east upstairs bedroom of Price's Tavern in April, 1818, and named for James Patton Preston, governor of Virginia, 1816-1819. Tavern built prior to 1810, served as an inn until 1882. — Map (db m34598) HM
West Virginia (Preston County), Reedsville — H-3 — Cow Run Sand
The massive sandstone, the “Cow Run Sand” of the driller, is the Saltsburg Sandstone and was used in construction near here. It produces oil and natural gas at depths of about 600 feet in northwestern West Virginia. — Map (db m75124) HM
West Virginia (Preston County), Rowlesburg — B&O Viaducts
To S on B&O Railroad is Buckeye Run Viaduct, 136' high, 350' long & 28' wide. Tray Run Viaduct, .6 mi. NW is 148' high, 445' long and 28' wide. Noted engineers Benjamin Latrobe & Albert Fink designed the viaducts. Built 1852 to carry main line, the bridges were reinforced in 1880s & 1900. A Confederate force attacked these key points on the militarily important B&O Railroad in April 1863. — Map (db m33983) HM
West Virginia (Preston County), Rowlesburg — Battle of RowlesburgApril 26, 1863
Cheat Bridges Become TargetSince 1861, a special target for destruction by order of both President Jefferson Davis and Commander of the Army of Northern Virginia, General Robert E. Lee, Rowlesburg was the only town or outpost in western Virginia that was a principle target of the raid to stand up to the Confederate onslaught and emerge unscathed. After arriving in Grafton on June 23, 1861 General George McClellan decided to establish a strong position at Philippi and protect his line of . . . — Map (db m34032) HM
West Virginia (Preston County), Rowlesburg — Battle of Rowlesburg: "The River Road"
You are standing less than a mile from an important battle site in the Civil War. Just ahead a handful of determined Union troops and townspeople would thwart the Confederate Raiders. Though small in scale compared to Gettysburg and Antietam, the struggle to control the B&O Railroad was pivotal in Lincoln's war plan. On April 26, 1863, a force of 1500 Confederates attacked Rowlesburg and tried to destroy the two key bridges crossing Cheat Valley. Had they been successful, the link between the . . . — Map (db m33988) HM
West Virginia (Preston County), Rowlesburg — Cannon Hill
The hilltop area located above and to the right of where you are standing is Cannon Hill. In April 1863, the cannons located there defended Rowlesburg and the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad during a Civil War skirmish. The B&O Railroad crossed the Cheat River at Rowlesburg, making it a strategic area which both the Union and Confederate forces wanted to control. The railroad linked the eastern and western Union forces with supplies of food, ammunition and troops. On April 26, 1863, just weeks . . . — Map (db m34041) HM
West Virginia (Preston County), Rowlesburg — Rowlesburg Veterans Memorial
In honor of the men and women of the Rowlesburg area who have served in the Armed Forces of the United States and in memory of those who gave their lives for their country. — Map (db m34038) HM
West Virginia (Preston County), Rowlesburg — The 1841 Mountain Howitzer
The 1841 Mountain Howitzer, thought to be the type used in Rowlesburg during the Civil War A howitzer (as illustrated above by Peter W. Gaut) is a short-barreled, large-caliber cannon designed to throw shells at a higher trajectory than regular field guns. This makes them useful against enemy troops behind fortifications or concealed in rugged terrain. The mountain howitzer was a special gun, designed on such a small scale that the entire piece could be taken apart and carried on pack . . . — Map (db m34037) HM
West Virginia (Preston County), Terra Alta — Dr. Loomis' Grave
In the cemetery is buried Dr. Mahlon Loomis, sender of first aerial signals, 1866-73, forerunner of wireless telegraphy. Signals were sent 14 miles, using kites flown by copper wires. Patented 1872; company chartered by Congress, 1873. — Map (db m21200) HM
West Virginia (Preston County), Terra Alta — Terra Alta
Half a mile high. Famed as a health resort. Once known as Cranberry for extensive cranberry glades found near. North is Cranesville Swamp, noted for its wild life. In that vicinity, Lewis Wetzel killed several indians. — Map (db m21198) HM
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