|Minnesota (Ramsey County), Little Canada — Gervais Grist Mill|
|Just across the road and creek from this marker was the site of the first commercial grist mill built in the region now named Minnesota. Constructed in 1844 – five years before the birth of Minnesota Territory – the water-powered, flour and meal mill was operating when present day Little Canada was an unmapped wilderness on the western frontier of Wisconsin Territory. Its builder was St. Paul's first carpenter, Charles Bazille (1812-78), a Montreal native who was remembered . . . — Map (db m45528) HM|
|Minnesota (Ramsey County), Minneapolis — Big Water / Stairway of Water|
The Mississippi River, paramount among North American rivers, along with its tributaries, forms the world's fifth largest drainage system in area – 1,244,000 square miles. The Indians called this river "Father of Waters", literally Misi 'big' and Sipi 'water'. The river has three distinct personalities. At its source, Lake Itasca, to the head of navigation here in the Twin Cities, the river is a clear running fresh stream. From the Twin Cities to the mouth of the Missouri . . . — Map (db m50080) HM|
|Minnesota (Ramsey County), Minneapolis — The Lock and Dam No. 1 Story|
|Navigation on this stretch of the river in its natural state upstream from St. Paul to Minneapolis was hazardous. During high flows, the current was swift, and during low flows, huge boulders made navigation almost impossible. It wasn't until after development of the locks and dams here that transport of flour and grain from Minneapolis to the Gulf of Mexico, and coal and bulk products from downriver to Minneapolis, became possible.
Development began when a group of Minneapolis businessmen . . . — Map (db m50877) HM|
|Minnesota (Ramsey County), Minneapolis — Wing Dams|
|Those piles of stone and brush in the river, known as wing dams, are both cursed and praised by many a recreation boater. Lurking beneath the water near propeller depth, thousands of these jetties are located along the mainstem of the river. They focus the flow of the water to develop a deeper, narrower main channel to aid commercial navigation.
The wing dams comprised the first large scale efforts to improve navigation on the Upper Mississippi River as early as the 1860's, along with . . . — Map (db m50122) HM|
|Minnesota (Ramsey County), Saint Paul — "Spiral for Justice" Roy Wilkins Memorial|
The central element in this sculpture composition is a spiral. Its 46 elements represent the 46 years of Roy Wilkins' dedicated leadership of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) in its fight for social and economic justice for all Americans.
The walls symbolize barriers created by racial segregation and other efforts to impede the progress toward achieving equality. The spiral ascends above and through those walls.
The final element in the spiral is . . . — Map (db m79419) HM|
|Minnesota (Ramsey County), Saint Paul — 151-155 Western Avenue|
This property has been
placed on the
of Historic Places
by the United States
Department of the Interior — Map (db m76696) HM|
|Minnesota (Ramsey County), Saint Paul — Al Avila — Vice President/Assistant General Manager Detroit Tigers|
Entering his 21st season in professional baseball and his 11th season with the organization after being named to his current position on April 15, 2002. Al is responsible for assisting David Dombrowski with the day-to-day baseball operations of the organization and the major league club. Prior to joining the Tigers, he served as Special Assistant to Pittsburgh Pirates General Manager Dave Littlefield. Al served as the Interim General Manager for the Marlins during the 2001 off-season . . . — Map (db m76591) HM|
|Minnesota (Ramsey County), Saint Paul — C.S.P.S. Hall — 1887 Built. — 1917 Remodeled, 3rd floor added.|
Feb. 17, 1977 Placed on the
National Register of Historic Places
by the United States Department of Interior.
Oct. 24, 1978 Designated as a
Historic Preservation Site by the St. Paul City Council.
1980 Restoration begun by Sokol Minnesota. — Map (db m76624) HM|
|Minnesota (Ramsey County), Saint Paul — Cathedral of Saint Paul — 1841 - 1907|
Succeeding to the lowly chapel - built of old by the river's bank - from which our fair city received its glorious name, this noble temple rises; a solemn testimony to the growth of Holy Church, a generous offering of love and gratitude to the Almighty God, of all things Lord and Ruler. — Map (db m79445) HM|
|Minnesota (Ramsey County), Saint Paul — Cathedral of Saint Paul Cornerstone|
To God in Unity and Trinity. The sacred, auspicious stone of this metropolitan temple, bidden to bear the name of Saint Paul, was duly laid on the second day of June, A.D. 1907.
To restore all things in Christ. — Map (db m79448) HM|
|Minnesota (Ramsey County), Saint Paul — Central Presbyterian Church|
has been placed on the National
Register of Historic Places as a
National Historic Landmark
by the United States Department of Interior
Heritage Preservation Service
Founded February 21, 1852
First Pastor Rev. John G. Riheldaffer
Cornerstone Laid October 3, 1889
Architect Warren H. Hayes — Map (db m79344) HM|
|Minnesota (Ramsey County), Saint Paul — Charles A. Lindbergh — The Boy and the Man — Sculptor Paul T. Granlund, 1985|
"I used to imagine myself with wings on which I could swoop down off our roof into the valley, soaring through the air from one river bank to another."
"The accumulation of knowledge, the discoveries of science, the products of technology, our ideas, our art, our social structures, all the achievements of mankind have value only to the extent that they preserve and improve the quality of life."
"Science, freedom, beauty, adventure: what more could you ask of life? Aviation combined . . . — Map (db m79393) HM|
|Minnesota (Ramsey County), Saint Paul — Church of Saint Louis, King of France|
"Blessed be the Lord, for He has wondrously shown His steadfast love to me when I was beset as in a besieged city." Psalm 31:21
Here in the center of the clamorous city, providing an oasis of solace, silence, mystery and artistry, is the Church of St. Louis, King of France. The first and favorite parish church commission of architect Emmanuel Louis Masqueray, it is affectionately known as
"The Little French Church."
Established by French Catholics from the Dominion of Canada, . . . — Map (db m79343) HM|
|Minnesota (Ramsey County), Saint Paul — De Dakod Makoce Unkitawapi E E — This is our Dakota Land|
|Tatanka Oyate Makoce
Land of the Buffalo People
[river valley map]
The Minnesota and Mississippi River Valleys have been home to the Dakota for hundreds of years, and the existence of our ancestors was sustained by their relationship with the earth and their surroundings. For generations, Dakota families fished from the rivers, gathered rice from area lakes and hunted game on the prairies and in river valley woodlands. Along the riverbanks, leaders of the Eastern . . . — Map (db m46170) HM|
|Minnesota (Ramsey County), Saint Paul — Endicott Building — 1891|
Architect — Map (db m76627) HM|
|Minnesota (Ramsey County), Saint Paul — F. Scott Fitzgerald House|
|has been designated a Registered National Historic Landmark under the provisions of the Historical Sites Act of August 21st 1935. This site possesses exceptional value in commemorating and illustrating the history of United States.
U.S. Department of the Interior
National Park Service
1971 — Map (db m7144) HM|
|Minnesota (Ramsey County), Saint Paul — Fountain Cave|
|Fountain Cave, a landmark known as early as 1811, was named for the sparkling creek that flowed from its mouth and continued some 375 feet through a ravine to join the Mississippi River about 140 feet downstream from this marker. The cave attracted such noted explorers as Stephen H. Long in 1817, Henry R. Schoolcraft in 1820, and Joseph N. Nicollet in 1837 - all of whom described it in their journals.
Before the land east of the Mississippi was opened to settlement, Pierre "Pig's Eye" . . . — Map (db m42305) HM|
|Minnesota (Ramsey County), Saint Paul — Freedom House Station 51|
In recognition of the innovation and dedication of the Freedom House Ambulance Service, the Saint Paul Fire Department hereby recommissions this station, home of the EMS Academy, as Freedom House Station 51. Freedom House Ambulance Service of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania launched and advanced the first modern ambulance service in the country from 1967-1975. The Saint Paul EMS Academy aspires to continue the Freedom House tradition to provide opportunities for all individuals, advance the . . . — Map (db m76666) HM|
|Minnesota (Ramsey County), Saint Paul — Hackett Block — 1890|
C. H. Johnston, Sr.
Architect — Map (db m76693) HM|
|Minnesota (Ramsey County), Saint Paul — Hamm's Bear|
From the land of sky blue waters
[Hamm’s Beer slogan]
The Hamm’s Bear started in one of the twentieth century’s greatest advertising campaigns and has long been known as Minnesota’s most famous brand icon.
Following an idea first sketched on a restaurant napkin, in 1952 artists at the Campbell-Mithun Agency created his image for the Theo. Hamm Brewing Company of St. Paul. The Hamm’s Bear made his debut on television in 60-second commercials for the . . . — Map (db m76620) HM|
|Minnesota (Ramsey County), Saint Paul — Harold "Hep" Cronin|
While teaching and coaching high school basketball, he began his scouting career in 1966 as an Associate Scout for the Cincinnati area under Paul Snider. Cronin became a part-time Scout for three state areas in 1980 and scouted and signed several Major League players including Rookie of the Year David Justice in 1988. In 1988 he became a full-time Scout in charge of four states. He then moved on to East Coast Supervisor then Midwest Supervisor before becoming a National Supervisor in 2004. . . . — Map (db m76601) HM|
|Minnesota (Ramsey County), Saint Paul — History of Saint Paul|
[1.] We entered a strange wilderness
[2.] We camped among Indian Nations
[3.] We trapped the land’s abundance
[4.] We labored with the Earth
[5.] We bridged great distances
[6.] Now we remember the wilderness
[Chapel] In 1841, Father Lucien Galtier traveled to our city, which was little more than a landing called Pig’s Eye. He built a chapel here and called it Saint Paul. Thus our city was formed and named.
“St. Paul is a wonderful . . . — Map (db m76727) HM|
|Minnesota (Ramsey County), Saint Paul — Hubert H. Humphrey — 1911 - 1978|
[Major accomplishments on statue base]
Vice President · U.S. Senator · Mayor
Peace Corps · Civil Rights
Nuclear Test Ban Treaty
[Adjoining panels read]
Mayor, City of Minneapolis 1945-1948
United States Senator
Vice-President of the United States
"The time has arrived in America for the Democratic Party to get out of the shadow of the state's rights and walk forthrightly into the bright sunshine of human rights." (1948 Democratic National . . . — Map (db m79385) HM|
|Minnesota (Ramsey County), Saint Paul — Hydro Electric Turbine — 1924 – 1994|
|Cast Iron • Rotation Speed 100 RPM
Weight 15 Tons • 4,500 Horsepower
This is one of four turbines Ford Motor Company installed 1924 at the hydro electric plant located below this lookout. The turbines were replaced between 1992 and 1994 after 70 years of service. This one water driven turbine produced over 1,341,776,000 kilowatt hours (KWH) of electricity in its liftime. This offset the burning of 286,000 tons of coal and avoided 470,000 pounds of particulates, . . . — Map (db m46518) HM|
|Minnesota (Ramsey County), Saint Paul — Jacob Fahlstrom|
In memory of
the first Swedish settler
Fur Trader – Mail Carrier
1793 – 1857
who farmed in this
region before 1838
Erected and dedicated by the
Minnesota Swedish Pioneer
Centennial Committee and
Svenskarnas Dag of
Saint Paul and Minneapolis
June 26, 1948 — Map (db m76665) HM|
|Minnesota (Ramsey County), Saint Paul — James J. Hill / The James J. Hill House|
|James J. Hill
"Most men who have really lived here have had, in some shape, their great adventure. This railway is mine," wrote James J. Hill to the Great Northern Railway employees upon his retirement in 1912. Throughout his long working life Hill remained a titanic force in the economic transformation of the Northwest as his railroads encouraged immigrant settlements, agricultural development and commercial expansion.
Hill was born in southern Canada in 1838 and began his career . . . — Map (db m31496) HM|
|Minnesota (Ramsey County), Saint Paul — Kenneth Wayne Stauffer|
Born in Taylor, Texas and a graduate of Texas A&M University with high honors, Ken Stauffer began his long career in baseball as a teacher and coach in Brenham, Texas serving as the Junior High Coordinator of Athletics and Assistant Varsity Baseball Coach.
Ken's interest in scouting peaked in 1979 after one of his players was selected in the First Round of the Major League Draft by the Chicago White Sox. He became a part-time scout for the White Sox from 1980-81. In the fall of 1983, Ken . . . — Map (db m76595) HM|
|Minnesota (Ramsey County), Saint Paul — Lambert's Landing — Port of Saint Paul|
|Since the advent of steamboats in 1812, this landing has served as a tie-up location for countless numbers of commercial river vessels, from paddle-wheelers to tugs. From here, thousands of barges can be seen passing by each year, quietly ferrying tens-of-millions of tons of grain, lumber, rock and other commodities along St. Paul's riverfront to downstream ports of call and markets worldwide.
First named after a series of early local merchants, the site at the foot of the Jackson St. was . . . — Map (db m44376) HM|
|Minnesota (Ramsey County), Saint Paul — Leif Erikson — Discoverer of America — 1000 A.D.|
Erected through popular subscription
Sponsored by the
Minnesota Leif Erikson Monument
Presented to the
State of Minnesota
during its territorial centennial
October 9, 1949
Designed & executed by
John Karl Daniels — Map (db m79383) HM|
|Minnesota (Ramsey County), Saint Paul — Marti Wolever|
Marti Wolever got his start in professional baseball when he was drafted by the Cincinnati Reds in the 11th Round of the 1975 Amateur Draft. Wolever played Minor League baseball until 1978 when he returned to college to finish his degree.
Wolever returned to professional baseball in 1984 as an Area Scouting Supervisor with the Detroit Tigers for five years, then moved to the New York Yankees for two years, and following his stint with the Yankees he became the Midwest Crosschecker for . . . — Map (db m76599) HM|
|Minnesota (Ramsey County), Saint Paul — Northern Pacific Railway Warehouse — 1907 - 1908|
Northern Pacific Railway Co.
Architect — Map (db m76695) HM|
|Minnesota (Ramsey County), Saint Paul — Phil Rizzo|
Phil Rizzo got his first taste of professional baseball at the tender age of 19, signing his first contract out of high school. Rizzo spent eight years playing Minor League ball before making the transition into Scouting.
Rizzo's Scouting career spanned 40+ years including stints with eight different Major League organizations. During his tenure as a Scout he was responsible for the signing of numerous Major League players such as: Bob Kipper - Left-Handed Pitcher, Erick Pappas - . . . — Map (db m76600) HM|
|Minnesota (Ramsey County), Saint Paul — Pioneer Building|
Designed by Chicago architect Solon Spencer Beman and erected by the George J. Grant Construction Company to house Minnesota's first newspaper, the St Paul Pioneer Press, the Pioneer Building was the first 12-story skyscraper in St. Paul and the tallest building west of Chicago.
Watson P. Davidson purchased the Pioneer Building and retained the services of Solon Spencer Beman and George J. Grant Construction Company to add four stories using revolutionary steel . . . — Map (db m71845) HM|
|Minnesota (Ramsey County), Saint Paul — Rice Park|
|The scene of circuses, celebrations, and concerts, and seven years older than New York's famous Central Park, this land was designated a "public square" in 1849 by John R. Irvine, a territorial pioneer, and Henry M. Rice, territorial delegate and United States senator after statehood. Rice, for whom the park was named, was a native of Vermont who arrived at Fort Snelling in 1839. In addition to the offices he held, he was active in the fur trade and served as an intermediary in treaty . . . — Map (db m42269) HM|
|Minnesota (Ramsey County), Saint Paul — Saint Paul Rubber Company — 1905|
[Title is text] — Map (db m76697) HM|
|Minnesota (Ramsey County), Saint Paul — Sisters of St. Joseph of Carondelet — St. Paul Province — 150th Anniversary 1815-2001|
On November 3, 1851, four Sisters
arrived in St. Paul from Carondelet,
Missouri. Their ministry began in
education and evolved to include health
care, social services and spirituality. In
the first 150 years more than 2600
Sisters and Consociates have ministered
in the Upper Midwest, Hawaii, Peru,
Japan and Chile. — Map (db m76692) HM|
|Minnesota (Ramsey County), Saint Paul — Site of First School Patrol Crossing in the World — February 17th, 1921|
Originated by Sister Carmela Hanggi
Principal, Cathedral School
Dedicated June 6th, 1973
to all School Patrol members
in Minnesota since 1921 — Map (db m79453) HM|
|Minnesota (Ramsey County), Saint Paul — Summit Lookout Park|
|This park was originally the site of the Carpenter's Hotel, a towering wooden structure of the late 1850s, that sat on the east corner of the triangular lot defined by Summit Avenue, Ramsey Hill and the river bluff. The Victorian building featured a two story basement with windows cut into the stone retaining wall along Ramsey Hill. Projecting three stories above grade, the hotel was crowned with an open observation deck. It is believed that the hotel burned, and by the mid-1880s the Summit . . . — Map (db m41942) HM|
|Minnesota (Ramsey County), Saint Paul — Summit–Selby Neighborhood|
|This area has long been a meeting place of people and ideas. In the 1850s two major overland routes converged just a few blocks from here. By the 1880s the district was a bustling residential area for both the wealthy and the immigrant. Today the neighborhood is a mix of Victorian mansions and modest dwellings, shops, schools, and places of worship -- where people of many cultural and ethnic backgrounds dwell together. Famous names associated with the Historic Hill District include writers F. . . . — Map (db m35598) HM|
|Minnesota (Ramsey County), Saint Paul — Terry Reynolds|
Terry Reynolds was named Senior Director of Professional and Global Scouting in December 2010 after having served four years as the Head of Player Development. He joined the organization in January 2004, when he was hired as Director of Amateur Scouting. Prior to joining the Reds' Front Office, he spent 25 years in the Dodgers organization, most recently as their Coordinator of Minor League Scouting/Special-Assignment Scout. As GM of the Class A Vero Beach Dodgers, Reynolds was named the . . . — Map (db m76594) HM|
|Minnesota (Ramsey County), Saint Paul — The Hamline Plaza — Bishop Leonidas L. Hamline — 1797 - 1865|
Bishop of the Methodist Church in Ohio who donated a substantial portion of his estate in 1854 for the establishment of Hamline University with the following prayer: O Lord, render me cheerful in giving, happy in the hopes of doing good, and sanctify the offering.
Dedicated October 13, 1995, to all who have provided to
Hamline University the means and facilities of education.
This Sculpture is a gift from
Annette Strand Scherer Robbins '36
Sculptor: Professor Michael . . . — Map (db m65933) HM|
|Minnesota (Ramsey County), Saint Paul — The James J. Hill Reference Library — James J. Hill · (1838-1916)|
|The Hill Reference Library opened in 1921 as a living gift to the people of Saint Paul from railroad pioneer James J. Hill. By building the Great Northern Railway's transcontinental line to Seattle in 1893, Hill played a central role in the settling of towns and cities, the expansion of agriculture, the growth of industry, and the development of international trade.
Architect Electus D. Litchfield designed the pink Tennessee marble building to house both Hill's Library and the public . . . — Map (db m42267) HM|
|Minnesota (Ramsey County), Saint Paul — The New York Life Eagle|
|In 1890, architect Stanford White gave the commission for The New York Life Eagle to Augustus Saint-Gaudens on behalf of The New York Life Insurance Company. Augustus sketched its conceptual form and the sculpture was carved in marble by his brother Louis St. Gaudens to be cast in an edition of three for New York Life's frontier expansion buildings in Kansas City, Omaha, and Saint Paul.
In the heart of downtown Saint Paul, the beautiful building's three-story main entrance was capped by . . . — Map (db m41946) HM|
|Minnesota (Ramsey County), Saint Paul — The Reverend Lucien Galtier|
In the year 1841
The Reverend Lucien Galtier
erected near this site
the Chapel of Saint Paul
from which this city
derived its name
In 1841 and in the month of October
I caused some logs to be cut, prepared
and put up and soon after a poor church
of logs and fitted so as to remind one
of the Stable of Bethlehem was built.
Now the nucleus of Saint Paul was
formed. This church thus remained
dedicated . . . — Map (db m76689) HM|
|Minnesota (Ramsey County), Saint Paul — The Saint Paul Public Library|
|On September 7, 1882, the Saint Paul Common Council passed a resolution "to establish and maintain a free public library and reading room." As a result, Saint Paul's first public library opened on the second floor of Ingersoll Hall, Kellogg Boulevard near the Wabasha Bridge. Helen McCaine was the City's first librarian. Construction of Central Library at 90 West Fourth Street began in 1914. The building officially opened to the public in 1917. Electus Litchfield of New York was the . . . — Map (db m42268) HM|
|Minnesota (Ramsey County), Saint Paul — Tom Greenwade|
Largely regarded as the most successful Scout in baseball history, Greenwade was responsible for signing New York Yankees legend Mickey Mantle, and also played a significant role in persuading the Brooklyn Dodgers to pursue Jackie Robinson.
Greenwade, who began his life in baseball as both a pitcher and a manager in the Minor Leagues, got his start in scouting with the St. Louis Browns in 1941. He joined the Yankees organization in 1949 and was instrumental in building the club's dynasty . . . — Map (db m76597) HM|
|Minnesota (Ramsey County), Saint Paul — Union Depot — 1917 - 1923|
Charles S. Frost
Architect — Map (db m76699) HM|
|Minnesota (Ramsey County), Saint Paul — Welcome to Dale Street Station|
The Frogtown neighborhood developed in the late 19th Century as residents spilled over from the adjacent downtown area. Many of these early residents worked in the growing railroad industry or at the Saint Paul Foundry, which operated through the 1980s. Minnesota's first locomotive run occurred on the rail tracks that served as the neighborhood's northern border in 1862.
The origins of the Frogtown name are difficult to pin down, but likely came from the prevalence of frogs in what was . . . — Map (db m79454) HM|
|Minnesota (Ramsey County), Saint Paul — Welcome to Union Depot Station|
Union Depot Station is an important and unique multi-modal link to the greater metropolitan area and beyond. St. Paul Union Depot Company founders built the original Union Depot in 1881. One of America’s great rail stations from the early 20th century, the current Union Depot was completed in 1926 and fully restored in 2012. In the 1920s, up to 20,000 passengers started and returned from life’s great journeys here each day. The beautifully appointed waiting room still welcomes visitors and . . . — Map (db m76726) HM|
|Minnesota (Ramsey County), Saint Paul — Welcome to Victoria Street Station|
The Frogtown and Rondo community that surround Victoria Street Station are rich in history and culture, elements of which live on today.
The historic Rondo neighborhood was heavily influenced by the railroad industry. There was a time when a quarter of all African American men in the neighborhood worked for the railroads as sleeping car porters, Red Cap porters, dining car waiters and cooks. Throughout the 20th Century, the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters occupied a central place in . . . — Map (db m79456) HM|
|Minnesota (Ramsey County), St. Paul — St. Paul Civil War Memorial|
|To perpetuate the memory of the Union Soldiers and Sailors of the War of 1861 — 1865 · Their patriotism inspired unquestioning devotion · Their valor was attested on hard-won battlefields · Their suffering and sacrifice exalted the glorious cause and ennobled the splendid triumph.
The victories they helped achieve preserved the Union of the States · Abolished slavery · Established the National Prestige · Opened new avenues for the development of man and the advancement of . . . — Map (db m32893) HM|