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Rappahannock County Markers
Virginia (Rappahannock County), Amissville — Battle MountainCuster’s Early “Last Stand” — Gettysburg Campaign
(Preface): After Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee’s stunning victory at Chancellorsville in May 1863, he led the Army of Northern Virginia west to the Shenandoah Valley, then north through central Maryland and across the Mason-Dixon Line into Pennsylvania. Union Gen. George G. Meade, who replaced Gen. Joseph Hooker on Jun 28, led the Army of the Potomac in pursuit. The armies collided at Gettysburg on July 1, starting a battle that neither general planned to fight there. Three days later, . . . — Map (db m50140) HM
Virginia (Rappahannock County), Amissville — C-6 — Campaign of Second Manassas
Here Stonewall Jackson, on his march around Pope’s army by way of Jeffersonton to Bristoe Station, turned north, August 25, 1862. — Map (db m8263) HM
Virginia (Rappahannock County), Amissville — C-61 — Campaign of Second Manassas
Here, J.E.B. Stuart, raiding around Pope’s army, turned northeast, August 22, 1862. He passed through Warrenton and went on to Catlett’s Station, where he captured some of Pope’s wagons, in one of which were found Pope’s order book and uniform. — Map (db m8294) HM
Virginia (Rappahannock County), Amissville — Corbin's CrossroadsStuart's Close Shave
Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia crossed the Potomac River to Virginia and camped at Bunker Hill in the northern Shenandoah Valley after the September 17, 1862, Battle of Antietam. Union Gen. George B. McClellan and the Army of the Potomac slowly pursued, despite President Abraham Lincoln’s demands for speed. At the end of October, Lee ordered Gen. J.E.B. Stuart’s cavalry to screen the infantry’s march south to Culpeper County. Stuart succeeded in a series of running . . . — Map (db m64423) HM
Virginia (Rappahannock County), Amissville — Dangerfield NewbyA Tragic Journey to Harpers Ferry
Dangerfield Newby (ca. 1820-1859), a free mulatto for whose family this crossroads is named, was the first of John Brown’s raiders killed during the attack on Harpers Ferry on October 16, 1859. He was the eldest child of Henry Newby and a slave, Elsey. Edward Newby, Henry’s father, built the house across the road in the 1770s. Henry Newby lived there until 1830, then sold it and moved to a nearby farm on Gourdvine Run (Thornton River). Dangerfield likely spent part of his youth near here and . . . — Map (db m50611) HM
Virginia (Rappahannock County), Amissville — Encounter with Lee“Don't You Ever Forget It”
Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee passed through Rappahannock County on four occasions during the Civil War. The first occurred on August 26, 1862, on the march to Manassas, and the second took place in October during the retreat after the Battle of Antietam, Maryland. Lee rode through the eastern and western areas of the county respectively on these occasions. During the Gettysburg Campaign in the summer of 1863, Lee traversed Rappahannock County twice, heading north on June 16-17 and riding . . . — Map (db m49652) HM
Virginia (Rappahannock County), Amissville — Gaines’s Crossroads“The Animal Must Be Very Slim” — Gettysburg Campaign
(Preface): After Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee’s stunning victory at Chancellorsville in May 1863, he led the Army of Northern Virginia west to the Shenandoah Valley, then north through central Maryland and across the Mason-Dixon Line into Pennsylvania. Union Gen. George G. Meade, who replaced Gen. Joseph Hooker on Jun 28, led the Army of the Potomac in pursuit. The armies collided at Gettysburg on July 1, starting a battle that neither general planned to fight there. Three days later, . . . — Map (db m49449) HM
Virginia (Rappahannock County), Amissville — Hinson's FordImportant River Crossing on a Historic March
In mid-August 1862, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee concentrated the Army of Northern Virginia on the western bank of the Rappahannock River near Jeffersonton, about 10 miles east of here. Union Gen. John Pope’s Army of Virginia was located on the eastern side of the river. Lee decided to attack Pope before Union Gen. George B. McClellan could send reinforcements from the Army of the Potomac, which was returning to northern Virginia after the Peninsula campaign. To achieve surprise and force . . . — Map (db m64421) HM
Virginia (Rappahannock County), Amissville — Twilight of Slavery“Enlightened” Accommodations No Match for Freedom
The three brick cabins in the field before you are tangible connections to the enslaved people of Rappahannock County before and during the Civil War. Many slaves escaped to Union lines here and elsewhere, and some former bondsmen served in the U.S. Army as the United States Colored Troops following the issuance of the Emancipation Proclamation in January 1863. In July-August 1862, part of the Union Army of Virginia occupied Rappahannock County and camped on these grounds. Slaves on nearby . . . — Map (db m49451) HM
Virginia (Rappahannock County), Boston — Z-175 — Rappahannock County / Culpeper County
Rappahannock County. Area 274 square miles. Formed in 1833 from Culpeper, and named for the Rappahannock River, headwaters of which are in this county. Culpeper County. Area 384 square miles. Formed in 1748 from Orange, and named for Lord Culpeper, Governor of Virginia, 1680–1683. The battle of Cedar Mountain, 1862, was fought in this county. — Map (db m8415) HM
Virginia (Rappahannock County), Chester Gap — Chester GapGateway to the Shenandoah Valley
This mountain pass was of strategic importance throughout the Civil War. Union and Confederate forces occupied and traversed it on numerous occasions. The first significant use of the gap occurred July 7-18, 1862, as Gen. Nathaniel Bank’s corps of the Union Army of Virginia marched through en route to its month-long occupation of Rappahannock County. In the months following the Battle of Antietam in the autumn of 1862, Federal and Confederate armies sparred for control of the Blue Ridge . . . — Map (db m32070) HM
Virginia (Rappahannock County), Chester Gap — J-25 — Gettysburg Campaign
Ewell's Corps of Lee's army passed here going north, June 11-12, 1863; Hill's Corps, June 19. — Map (db m49778) HM
Virginia (Rappahannock County), Chester Gap — Minding the Gaps“A very fatal oversight” — Gettysburg Campaign
(Preface): After Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee’s stunning victory at Chancellorsville in May 1863, he led the Army of Northern Virginia west to the Shenandoah Valley, then north through central Maryland and across the Mason-Dixon Line into Pennsylvania. Union Gen. George G. Meade, who replaced Gen. Joseph Hooker on Jun 28, led the Army of the Potomac in pursuit. The armies collided at Gettysburg on July 1, starting a battle that neither general planned to fight there. Three days later, . . . — Map (db m32028) HM
Virginia (Rappahannock County), Chester Gap — Z-173 — Warren/Rappahannock County
(Warren County Side): This lower Shenandoah Valley county was formed from Shenandoah and Frederick Counties in 1836. The county was named for Joseph Warren, a Boston Revolutionary War patriot killed during the Battle of Bunker Hill in 1775. It contains a portion of Shenandoah National Park and the world-famous Skyline Drive, which was completed in 1939. The county seat is Front Royal. (Rappahannock County Side): Scenically situated along the Blue Ridge Mountains, Rappahannock . . . — Map (db m49779) HM
Virginia (Rappahannock County), Flint Hill — Albert Gallatin WillisA Life Laid Down for a Friend
This is the burial site of a Mosby Ranger who sacrificed himself for a friend. By the autumn of 1864, Confederate John S. Mosby’s Rangers had so harassed Union troops, supply lines, and railroads in northern Virginia that Union Gen. Ulysses S. Grant ordered, “Where any of Mosby’s men are caught, hang them without a trial.” Six Rangers were summarily executed in Front Royal on September 23; one dragged through the streets as his mother begged for his life. On October 10, Rangers on . . . — Map (db m49528) HM
Virginia (Rappahannock County), Huntly — J 26 — Albert G. Willis
Pvt. Albert G. Willis, Co. C, Col. John S. Mosby's Partisan Rangers (43d Battalion, Virginia Cavalry) and at least one other Ranger were captured about 13 Oct. 1864 near Gaines Crossroads by Union Brig. Gen. William H. Powell's U.S. 2d Cavalry Division. During the Civil War, many Federals considered partisans civilian bushwhackers, not regular soldiers. Powell, in reprisal for what he called the "murder" of a U.S. soldier by alleged partisans, ordered a Ranger executed. According to some . . . — Map (db m31904) HM
Virginia (Rappahannock County), Panorama — 174-Z — Rappahannock County / Page County
(West Facing Side) Rappahannock County Area 274 Square Miles Formed in 1833 from Culpeper and named for the Rappahannock River, headwaters of which are in this county. (East Facing Side) Page County Area 322 Square Miles Formed in 1831 from Shenandoah and Rockingham, and named for John Page, governor of Virginia, 1802-1805. Luray Cave is here. — Map (db m1570) HM
Virginia (Rappahannock County), Peola Mills — J-100 — F. T. Baptist Church
F. T. Baptist Church was founded nearby as Ragged Mountain Church in 1778. According to tradition the congregation worshipped in a log structure at Sharp Rock until about 1802 before moving to the former F. T. Village by 1804 where it became known as F. T. Baptist Church. F. T. stands for Francis Thornton who received land grants in the region from the 1730s to the early 1750s. In 1816 the congregation moved to the present site and built a new structure. By 1884 the present church was . . . — Map (db m8393) HM
Virginia (Rappahannock County), Sperryville — C-4 — Cavalry Engagement
Near this place an engagement took place between Robertson’s brigade and the First Maine Cavalry, July 5, 1862. — Map (db m8327) HM
Virginia (Rappahannock County), Sperryville — John B. KigerSperryville Historic District
(Upper Plaque):This Property has been placed on the National Register Of Historic Places (Lower Plaque):John B. Kiger well known wheelright lived in this unique log and stone house and built Conestoga wagons on this site in the 1830s. One of his wagons is on display at the Historical Society's exhibit, Richmond, Virginia — Map (db m25725) HM
Virginia (Rappahannock County), Sperryville — John Kiger's Second LotSperryville Historic District
(Upper Plaque):This property has been place on the National Register of Historic Places (Lower Plaque):The Second of Two Lots Owned by John Kiger This Building Was A Blacksmith shop. Conestoga Wagons Were Made Behind This Building Near The Thornton River. — Map (db m25786) HM
Virginia (Rappahannock County), Sperryville — Marys Rock Tunnel
Drill, blast, and clear. Drill, blast, and clear. For three months workers repeated this process, carving through 600 feet of solid granite (granodiorite) to complete Skyline Drive's greatest construction challenge, Marys Rock Tunnel. Twice each day workers drilled 40 holes, each 12 feet deep, into the tunnel's rock face. Five hundred pounds of dynamite filled the holes, then detonation. A local newspaper described the process: "After the blast goes off with a mighty roar it requires two or . . . — Map (db m13232) HM
Virginia (Rappahannock County), Sperryville — Medical Miracle“A Chance in Twenty”
This building housed the medical office of Dr. William Amiss, whose brother Dr. Thomas Amiss practiced in Slate Mills and later in Page County. Together, the two men accomplished a medical achievement virtually unheard of during the Civil War. Maj. Richard Snowden Andrews commanded Gen. Charles S. Winder’s artillery during the Battle of Cedar Mountain a few miles south of Culpeper on August 9, 1862. An exploding Federal shell slashed through Andrew’s right side, almost disemboweling him. Gen. . . . — Map (db m65034) HM
Virginia (Rappahannock County), Sperryville — Old Rag
An exceptional mountain, very different from the rest - that's Old Rag. The distinct rock-covered ridgecrest in the distance has long been a noted area landmark. Old Rag's rugged summit consists of spectacular outcroppings of Old Rag granite, the oldest rock in Shenandoah National Park. Extremely resistant to weathering and erosion, Old Rag granite gives the ridgecrest a "rugged" appearance that prompted the mountain's name. — Map (db m13234) HM
Virginia (Rappahannock County), Sperryville — J-29 — Pope’s Army of Virginia
On 26 June 1862, President Abraham Lincoln appointed Maj. Gen. John Pope to command the Union army that operated in Virginia. The Corps led by Maj. Gen. Franz Sigel, who had recently replaced Maj. Gens. John C. Frémont, posted around Sperryville, was consolidated with those of Maj. Gens. Nathaniel P. Banks and Irvin McDowell under Pope and named the Army of Virginia. Pope led the army through the Union defeat at the Second Battle of Manassas (Bull Run) on 30 Aug. 1862. He was relieved his . . . — Map (db m8392) HM
Virginia (Rappahannock County), Sperryville — Rocks Older than Mankind
The only tunnel on the Skyline Drive passes for 700 feet through Mary's Rock Mountain. It was blasted out of granite-like rock. Only 1,300,000,000 years ago this rock was still molten magma. — Map (db m13229) HM
Virginia (Rappahannock County), Sperryville — Sister CarolineFrom Slavery to Freedom
Caroline Terry, known locally as “Sis-tah Cah-line” (1833-1941) was born a slave, perhaps in Southampton County, but spent most of her life in Rappahannock County. She later took the surname Terry. By 1846, Francis Millan of Culpeper had purchased Caroline, her mother Alcey, and her brother, Billy. Millan constructed the Virginia Hotel on Main Street there, then sold it in 1856 and moved to Woodville, about 5 miles south of here. In 1861, he bought the Sperryville Hotel (now Hopkins . . . — Map (db m26518) HM
Virginia (Rappahannock County), Sperryville — J-31 — Sperryville
Laid out by Francis Thornton, Jr., in 1817, Sperryville survives as an upper Piedmont crossroads village. In the early 19th century John Kiger built Conestoga wagons here. By the 1850s two turnpikes (Thornton’s Gap and Sperryville & Rappahannock) intersected here. In 1867, the Smoot family, of Alexandria, built a nearby tannery that closed in 1911. By that time the town boasted four churches, five general stores, one hotel, six mills, numerous shops, a masonic hall, and a population of 350. . . . — Map (db m8373) HM
Virginia (Rappahannock County), Washington — A Tale of Two MillsTrading and Burial Grounds
During the Civil War, two mills stood on the Rush River in this vicinity on the property of John Jett, who resided at Ellerslie half a mile south of here. They included the Avon Mill before you and the Jett Mill (no longer standing), located half a mile downstream. According to local tradition, this mill became a neutral trading site for Union and Confederate soldiers, who periodically declared “soldier’ truces” and met between the lines to trade for coffee, tobacco, newspapers, and . . . — Map (db m31910) HM
Virginia (Rappahannock County), Washington — C-10 — Ellerslie
One-half mile southeast of this location is Ellerslie, which was built in 1814 by French Hugenot Col. John Jett and his wife Hannah Calvert for their son James Jett, Jr., on a 1,000-acre tract. In 1749, George Washington named Jett Street in the town of Washington, Virginia, for the family. In 1862, some of Union Maj. Gen. John Pope’s forces occupied Ellerslie before the Second Battle of Manassas. After the Civil War, Ellerslie fell into disrepair and the property was divided. In 1926, its . . . — Map (db m8371) HM
Virginia (Rappahannock County), Washington — Kitty PayneFreedom Lost and Regained
In the years before the Civil War, Virginia’s laws restricted free blacks and also tightened the legal grip on slaves. Some blacks, however, struggled through the system to freedom, just as many slaves wended their way to Union lines during the war. Katherine “Kitty” Payne, born into slavery in 1816 near present-day Huntly in northern Rappahannock County, and her family are one example. Kitty Payne was the daughter of her owner, Samuel Maddox, and one of his slaves. She married . . . — Map (db m31191) HM
Virginia (Rappahannock County), Washington — The Town of Washington, VirginiaThe First Washington of All
Surveyed and platted by George Washington with the assistance of John Lonem and Edward Corder, as chainmen; August 4, 1849. Organized and established as a town by the General Assembly of Virginia, December 14, 1896. Incorporated as a municipality by the General Assembly of Virginia, February 12, 1894. — Map (db m8258) HM
Virginia (Rappahannock County), Washington — C-9A — Washington, VirginiaThe First of Them All
One of more than thirty Washingtons in the United States, only this town, “The First Washington of All,” was surveyed and platted by George Washington on the 24th day of July (old style) 1749. He was assisted by John Lonem and Edward Corder as chainmen. The General Assembly of Virginia officially established it as a town in 1796 and incorporated it in 1894. Washington has served as the county seat of Rappahannock County since 1833. — Map (db m8296) HM
Virginia (Rappahannock County), Washington — C-5 — Washington, VirginiaThe First of Them All
Of the 28 Washingtons in the United States, the “records very conclusively disclose” that this town, “the first Washington of all,” was surveyed and platted by George Washington on the 24th of July (old style), 1749. He was assisted by John Linem and Edward Corder as chainmen. By the General Assembly of Virginia it was officially established as a town in 196 and incorporated in 1894 — Map (db m8372) HM
Virginia (Rappahannock County), Woodville — J-101 — John Jackson—Traditional Musician
John Jackson, Piedmont guitar master and influential traditional musician, was born near here on 25 Feb. 1924. One of fourteen children of tenant farmers Suddy and Hattie Jackson, Jackson learned songs on the guitar and banjo from his parents, traveling and local musicians, and records. He moved to Fairfax County in 1950, where he worked various jobs and started a grave-digging business. Introduced to the Washington, D.C., folk scene in 1964, Jackson performed on eight records, at . . . — Map (db m8398) HM
Virginia (Rappahannock County), Woodville — Mosby and SnedenThe Grey Ghost and the Artist
If you had been standing here at dawn on November 27, 1863, you would have seen Col. John S. Mosby and his partisan rangers herding a string of mules bearing dejected-looking Union prisoners. Among the captives was Pvt. Robert Knox Sneden, 40th New York Infantry, seized near Brandy Station in Culpeper County. The Army of the Potomac had broken camp on November 26 and marched south toward the Rapidan River in what would become the Mine Run Campaign, leaving Sneden and a few others behind to . . . — Map (db m52953) HM
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