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Rhea County Markers
Tennessee (Rhea County), Dayton — Old Cornerstone / Smith's Crossroads — Scopes Trial Trail
Old Cornerstone In 1832, the tree that marked the corner between John Abel and Robert Cosby was replaced with the stone by this plaque. Smith's Crossroads On Highway 30 west at the outskirts of Dayton, there is a Trail of Tears sign and a sign for the William J. Bryan Highway, designated as such by the Tennessee legislature in 1937. — Map (db m55805) HM
Tennessee (Rhea County), Dayton — Rhea County Courthouse
(left brick column near sidewalk) Rhea County Courthouse 1891 Site of Scopes Evolution Trial 1925 National Historic Landmark 1977 (right brick column near sidewalk) Scopes Evolution Trial Considered one of the most significant trials of the 20th century, The Scopes Evolution Trial featured a contest of issued argued by some of the most famous lawyers in America. Creation versus evolution, science versus religion, majority versus minority . . . — Map (db m54244) HM
Tennessee (Rhea County), Dayton — Rhea County Veteran's Memorial
In honor of the gallant men and women of Rhea County who participated in the struggle to keep American mighty and free WORLD WAR II (left plaque) U.S. Army Allen, Glen C. • Atkins, William M. • Baker, John C. • Bales, James H. • Blake, Arnold F. • Boles, James • Boles, Roy • Byron, Ellis Courtland • Byron, Jack E. • Clingan, David A. • Cobble, Harry L. • Cofer, William C. • Colvin, Charles E. • Cunningham, Joe R., Jr. • Davault, Warren G.H. • Dodson, Joe E. . . . — Map (db m54246) WM
Tennessee (Rhea County), Dayton — 2B 28 — Smith’s Crossroads
Named for pioneer settler William Smith, a New England teacher and merchant, who settled here in 1820, it was the junction of the Kiuka War Trace (later Black Fox Trail) to the Cumberland and the main north-south Indian trail to the Great Lakes. Here in 1838 the Trail of Tears crossed the Tennessee Valley from Blythes Ferry. Named Sequatchie with the coming of the railroad in the late 1870s, it was soon renamed Dayton. Scottish industialists developed coal and iron resources in the 1880s. — Map (db m4053) HM
Tennessee (Rhea County), Dayton — 2B 23 — The Scopes Trial
Here, from July 10 to 21, 1925, John Thomas Scopes, was tried for teaching that man descended from a lower order of animals, in violation of a lately passed state law. William Jennings Bryan assisted the prosecution; Clarence Darrow, Arthur Garfield Hays and Dudley Field Malone the defense. Scopes was convicted. — Map (db m4054) HM
Tennessee (Rhea County), Dayton — William Jennings Bryan
(Marker front): William Jennings Bryan 1860 - 1925 Presidential Nominee Secretary of State Congressman Christian Statesman Author and Orator (On the statue's proper left): "Destiny is not a matter of chance; it is a matter of choice; it is not a thing to be waited for, it is a thing to be achieved." America's Mission 1899 (On the statue's proper right): "The humblest citizen in all the land, when clad in the armor of a righteous cause, is stronger . . . — Map (db m54243) HM
Tennessee (Rhea County), Grandview — 2B 24 — Grandview Normal Institute
Founded 1884 by the American Missionary Assoc., this school prepared students from the hill country of East Tenn. for college entrance, Christian works, or teaching in elementary schools. Improved public schools caused Grandview to close its doors as a boarding school in 1919. Remained open as a high school for a number of years afterwards. — Map (db m69233) HM
Tennessee (Rhea County), Graysville — Graysville Academy
On this site was founded Graysville Academy by a group of Seventh-day Adventists who were organized as a church on Sept. 8, 1888. Recognizing the need for training young people in order that the work of the church in the South could be expanded, a school was started Feb 20, 1892 above the store of J.W. Clouse in the village of Graysville, with G.W. Colcord as principal. With the donation of this land, the administration building was erected in 1893 and the school was named Graysville Academy. . . . — Map (db m26018) HM
Tennessee (Rhea County), Graysville — 2B16 — Rhea County / Hamilton County
Rhea County Established 1807; named in honor of John Rhea Revolutionary veteran, who fought at King's Mountain. Delegate to the North Carolina Convention which ratified the U.S. Constitution; member of the Tennessee Constitutional Convention, 1796. State House of Representatives, 1796-97 & of the U.S. House of Representatives, 1803-15 & 1817-23. One of the early leaders in higher education. Hamilton County Established 1819; named in honor of Alexander Hamilton who . . . — Map (db m26017) HM
Tennessee (Rhea County), Spring City — The Rhea County Spartans — Women's Cavalry
Walden’s Ridge, directly ahead, was a natural obstacle to east-west military movements during the war. In 1862–1863, Confederate authorities ordered three Rhea County cavalry companies to patrol the passes there between Emory Gap (north) and Sale Creek (south) to keep Federal forces out of the Tennessee River Valley. In the summer of 1862, thirty young, socially prominent women organized a nonmilitary unit called the Spartans. Mary McDonald (age 28) gave herself the rank of captain, . . . — Map (db m69235) HM
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