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Richmond Virginia – Historical Markers

924 markers matched your search criteria. The first 250 markers are listed. Next 674
Virginia, Richmond — "For God And Country"1917 — 1918
In honor of the men and women of the City of Richmond, Virginia, who gave their lives in The World War for the principles of justice, freedom and democracy. Erected by their comrades of the five Richmond posts of the . . . — Map (db m90097) WM
Virginia, Richmond — "Richmond"
William Byrd II of Westover, owner of the land around the falls of the James River, wrote in his diary on September 19, 1733: …we laid the foundations of two large Citys. One at Shacco’s, to be called Richmond and the other at the point of . . . — Map (db m16145) HM
Virginia, Richmond — "The Great Chief Justice"
Born in Fauquier County, John Marshall was admitted to the bar there in 1780 following service in the Revolutionary army. In 1783 he married Mary Willis Ambler and lived the remainder of his life in Richmond where until 1797 he accepted President . . . — Map (db m22610) HM
Virginia, Richmond — “I must save the women of Richmond!”
. . . — Map (db m16216) HM
Virginia, Richmond — 1200 Block East Cary Street
Because of Shockoe Slip’s convenience to both canal and rail transport, many different businesses contributed to its economic make-up. Some of the buildings in this block housed concerns that would be expected in the area, such as a cigar . . . — Map (db m40665) HM
Virginia, Richmond — 1201 East Cary Street
This building, now the home of the popular Tobacco Company Restaurant, was originally built in 1866, just one year after the Evacuation Fire. Erected during the most difficult period Richmond has ever experienced, the structure was considered . . . — Map (db m40664) HM
Virginia, Richmond — 1300-1304 East Cary Street
This corner has long been dominated by restaurants and saloons which served the commercial area’s workers and clientele. Often commission merchants occupied the upstairs offices. This handsomely detailed building erected on a site which extends . . . — Map (db m40672) HM
Virginia, Richmond — 13th Street Bridge
The keystone inscription bears the initials of the two owners of the Haxall-Crenshaw Mill, which once stood here. The old 13th Street Bridge and the arch on the bank of the canal opposite this spot were built by Richard B. Haxall and Lewis D. . . . — Map (db m23820) HM
Virginia, Richmond — 2307 E. Broad Streetc. 1818
Part of Carrington Row, this row house was built in 1818 by the sons of Ann Adams Carrington. The architecture was inspired by the work of Benjamin Henry Latrobe and Robert Mills. The home was designed by builder-architect Otis Mason. It is the . . . — Map (db m67425) HM
Virginia, Richmond — 28th St Draw Bridge / Great Shiplock Canal"The Tidewater Connection"
28th St Draw Bridge The lift bridge before you was built by the Norfolk and Southern Railroad in 1929 to serve the paper mills along the Pamunkey River at West Point. A moveable bridge was always necessary to allow . . . — Map (db m47385) HM
Virginia, Richmond — A Bateau Pole
This pole is a reproduction of the poles used by Bateau polemen. The crew of a Bateau consisted of two polemen, who walked on boards running the length of the boat on either side and a steersman who used a sweep at the stern. To navigate upstream, . . . — Map (db m23922) HM
Virginia, Richmond — A Legacy on Leigh StreetMaggie L. Walker National Historic Site
This Italianate mansion was once the bustling home of pioneering African American entrepreneur Maggie Lena Walker (1864- 1934). Walker lived here for the final thirty years of her life and greatly expanded the home to accommodate four generations of . . . — Map (db m94571) HM
Virginia, Richmond — SA 69 — Adams-Van Lew House
Richmond mayor Dr. John Adams built a mansion here in 1802. It became the residence of Elizabeth Van Lew (1818-1900) whose father obtained it in 1836. During the Civil War, Elizabeth Van Lew led a Union espionage operation. African Americans, such . . . — Map (db m15926) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Adapting Power
The Raceway and Earlier Uses of the Site This raceway brought water from the James River and Kanawha Canal to power waterwheels, and later turbines, that drove machinery. During its earliest use, the raceway contained at least two overshot . . . — Map (db m24411) HM
Virginia, Richmond — African Americans and the WaterfrontRichmond Riverfront
African Americans and the waterfront The Richmond waterfront is steeped in African American history. From the early days when Richmond was a colonial trading post, free, indentures, and enslaved African Americans lived and worked in the . . . — Map (db m23856) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Albemarle Paper
In 1916, the Dixie Paper Company opened a paper mill in the building of the closed Brown’s Island electric plant. By 1919, the mill was taken over by Albemarle Paper Company, which had been operating a paper mill just upriver at Hollywood since . . . — Map (db m24107) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Alexander H. Stephens House Site
Alexander H. Stephens Vice President of the Confederate States of America Lived in the house that stood here in 1861 This tablet is placed by the Confederate Memorial Literary Society, A.D., 1912, — Map (db m16272) HM
Virginia, Richmond — SA 58 — Alfred D. “A.D.” Price
Born into slavery in Hanover County in 1860, Alfred D. “A.D.” Price moved to Richmond in the late 1870s. Soon after coming to Richmond, he set up a blacksmith shop, which expanded into a livery stable and the funeral home that stands . . . — Map (db m5601) HM
Virginia, Richmond — SA-47 — Anna Maria LaneSoldier of the American Revolution
Near the Bell Tower in Capitol Square stood the barracks of the Public Guard. There, from 1801 to 1807, lived John Lane and his wife, Anna Maria Lane, the only documented woman veteran of the Revolutionary War to reside in Virginia. She disguised . . . — Map (db m4624) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Arnold’s Picket Driven In
Arnold’s Picket driven in Jany 4th 1781 By Col. J. Nicholas (south face) This pylon, re-created in granite and containing a replica of the original 1834 inscription, was re-dedicated April 17, 1991, by the Sons of the Revolution in . . . — Map (db m16099) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Arthur Ashe Monument — Monument Avenue Historic District
[Inscription on east face of monument:]Arthur R. Ashe, Jr. 1943 - 1993 World Champion, Author, Humanitarian, Founder of Virginia Heroes, Incorporated, Native of Richmond, Virginia. This Monument was placed at Monument Avenue and . . . — Map (db m22823) HM
Virginia, Richmond — 12 — Auction HousesRichmond Slave Trail
There were several dozen such houses in Shockoe Bottom, typically selling human “goods” along with corn, coffee, and other commodities. Some sales were part of a larger business; other auctioneers dealt exclusively in slaves. Most slave . . . — Map (db m41822) HM
Virginia, Richmond — E 1 — Bacon’s Quarter
Nathaniel Bacon (1647–1676), leader of Bacon’s Rebellion, acquired land in 1674 at Curles Neck in Henrico County and property near the falls on the north side of the James River that became known as Bacon’s Quarter in what is now present-day . . . — Map (db m1895) HM
Virginia, Richmond — SA-48 — Barton Heights Cemeteries
The Burying Ground Society of the Free People of Color of Richmond established its cemetery (later renamed Cedarwood) here in 1815. African Americans eventually founded five more cemeteries here: Union Burial Ground (later called Union Mechanics), . . . — Map (db m1028) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Basin Race
The Great Basin of the James River & Kanawha Canal covered three square blocks directly in front of this plaque: between Cary and Canal, and 8th and 12th Streets. By 1834, millers had realized the Basin’s water could be used to turn waterwheels, and . . . — Map (db m26573) HM
Virginia, Richmond — SA-71 — Battle of Bloody Run
Nearby is the site where Chief Totopotomoy of the Pamunkey died in 1656. The English colonists had become concerned over the recent settlement nearby of the Rickohockans along the falls of the James River. They called upon Totopotomoy to assist in . . . — Map (db m16046) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Bell Tavern
To mark the site of Bell Tavern used as a Recruiting Station during the War of 1812 Erected by the Dorothy Payne Madison Chapter N.S.U.S. Daughters 1812, VA — Map (db m27774) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Belle IsleCaptain John Smith’s Adventures on the James — www.johnsmithtrail.org
James River Park System The Virginia Company of London instructed the first English colonists to choose a river for their settlement and to “let Captain Newport discover how far that river may be found navigable.” Following this . . . — Map (db m23719) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Belle Isle
During the winter of 1863-1864, the island visible from this spot held up to 8,000 Union army prisoners. After the outbreak of the Civil War, prisoners poured into Richmond. Camps built only as transport stations soon became permanent. Over the . . . — Map (db m24097) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Belle Isle and Old Dominion Iron and Nail Works
Once called Washington’s or Broad Rock Island, Belle Isle was bought by Captain John Smith from Chief Powatan in 1608. Early travelers found the island natural and idyllic and current visitors only see hints of the island’s industrial past. In 1815, . . . — Map (db m24375) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Belle Isle Hydro Plant
In front of you are the remains of a hydroelectric power plant. It powered the trolley system on the south of the river and the steel company at the east end of the island. To your left and up are the remains of the Transformer . . . — Map (db m64046) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Belle Isle Prison
Directly in front of you, in mid-river, is Belle Isle. Despite the large number of Union prisoners brought to Richmond during the Civil War, the city had only two full-time prisons. Libby Prison for Union officers, a mile and a half downriver, was . . . — Map (db m26595) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Belle Isle Prison Camp Monument
During the Civil War over 1,000 Union soldiers perished in the 6 acre prison site before you. Of those who survived, in bothe Northern and Southern camps, many were exchanged in such wretched condition that they were often unfit to return to duty. . . . — Map (db m64035) HM WM
Virginia, Richmond — Belle Isle Rolling Milling and Slitting ManufactoryApprox. 1815-1900
Through the arched doorway mules pulled carts of scrap iron from England. Water powered the machinery. European immigrants and black slaves provided the labor. The nails, wire and horseshoes were famous throughput the South. Sign donated by . . . — Map (db m64045) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Bill “Bojangles” Robinson
. . . — Map (db m1915) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Birthplace of Cardiac Transplantation
This site commemorates the pioneering basic, clinical and translational research that laid the foundation for successful cardiac transplantation. On this campus, Dr. Richard Lower performed the first heart transplant in Virginia on May 25, 1968. . . . — Map (db m19180) HM
Virginia, Richmond — SA 75 — Black Hawk (1767-1838)
Black Sparrow Hawk (Ma-ka-tai-me-she-kia-kiak) led the Sauk Nation in defense of land taken from them in the 1830s. Displaced from three Midwestern locations, the Sauk resisted another federal relocation. Led by Black Hawk, the Sauk fought . . . — Map (db m24336) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Bowers Brothers Coffee and Tea Building104 Shockoe Slip
Richmond’s flour, milled here in Shockoe Slip, was known all over the world for its high quality. On their return from delivering flour and the popular Virginia tobacco, ships were laden with coffee, tea, and exotic spices, which were then sold by . . . — Map (db m40670) HM
Virginia, Richmond — SA 68 — Branch Public Baths
John Patterson Branch (1830–1915), banker, philanthropist and community leader, erected Richmond’s first public bath here in 1909 at 1801 East Broad Street as a gift to the city. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, cities such as . . . — Map (db m1902) HM
Virginia, Richmond — S 1 — British Invasion of Richmond, January 1781
On 4 Jan. 1781, British troops led by Brig. Gen. Benedict Arnold landed at Westover in Charles City County and began marching to Richmond. Learning of the threat, Governor Thomas Jefferson directed the removal of public records and military stores . . . — Map (db m1905) HM
Virginia, Richmond — SA 46 — Broad Street Station
Broad Street Station served passengers of the Richmond, Fredericksburg & Potomac Railway and the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad from 6 Jan. 1919 until 15 Nov. 1975. The Neoclassical Revival station was the only commercial building designed by John . . . — Map (db m9209) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Brown’s Island
Brown’s Island was created when the Haxall Canal was extended west to the Tredegar Iron Works. Encircled by the waterways that provided power and transportation to flour mills, foundries, and paper companies, Brown’s Island has been at the . . . — Map (db m24095) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Brown’s Island
Brown’s Island is named for Elijah Brown who acquired it in 1826. Brown came from Rhode Island in 1811 to be a gunsmith at the Virginia Manufactory of Arms. In 1818, he entered the Public Guard, which was stationed at the Manufactory, and served . . . — Map (db m24105) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Brown's Island Disaster
On March 13, 1863, an explosion destroyed much of the Confederate States Laboratory, a munitions facility on Brown's Island in the James River. 47 workers died, mostly girls under the age 17, who helped fill manpower needs and whose small hands . . . — Map (db m79713) HM WM
Virginia, Richmond — Burnt District
More than 1,000 buildings burned between 4th and 15th Streets, from Main Street to the river. “The sky in the direction of Richmond is lurid with the glare of burning houses. …It was as if a great battle were going on around us.” . . . — Map (db m24290) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Canal Walk
(front panel) Railroads Richmond has been a railroad center since the 1830’s. In 1838, the Richmond & Petersburg Railroad had its main depot and shops at 8th & Byrd streets. A short north-south link, the R&P was the parent . . . — Map (db m26586) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Canal Walk / Historic CanalsRichmond Riverfront
canal walk First envisioned by George Washington in 1774, the canals were to be part of a continuous transportation route from the Atlantic Ocean to the Mississippi River. By 1789, initial construction of portions of the canal around the . . . — Map (db m23793) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Canal Walk / Historic CanalsRichmond Riverfront
canal walk One hundred and fifty years ago, Richmond’s waterfront bustled with business and trade, workers and travelers, hotels, saloons, and tobacco warehouses. Along the canals, barges were towed by teams of horses and mules. Batteaux . . . — Map (db m23854) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Canal Walk / Historic CanalsRichmond Riverfront
canal walk One hundred and fifty years ago, Richmond’s waterfront bustled with business and trade, workers and travelers, hotels, saloons, and tobacco warehouses. Along the canals, barges were towed by teams of horses and mules. Batteaux for . . . — Map (db m23866) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Canal Walk / Historic CanalsRichmond Riverfront
canal walk One hundred and fifty years ago, Richmond’s waterfront bustled with business and trade, workers and travelers, hotels, saloons, and tobacco warehouses. Along the canals, barges were towed by teams of horses and mules. Batteaux for . . . — Map (db m23887) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Cannon over the Camp
The Belle Isle prisoner-of-war camp that stood before you here was a prison without walls. Federal soldiers were confined by the James River and by the low earthen "dead line," such as the one replicated in front of you, surrounding the camp. About . . . — Map (db m64041) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Canons and Corpses
Big guns on the hill deterred riots - in the over crowded prison encampment to your left. Few escaped, most died of starvation, dysentery, and disease. In total about 1,000 perished. The cemetery, now empty, was to your right where trees grow today. — Map (db m13994) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Chesapeake & Ohio RailwayChartered 1869
Origins in the James River & Kanawha Canal Co. (1785) and the Louisa Railroad (1836). Headquarted in Richmond. Profits came from hauling WVA coal to Newport News shipyards. Merged with B&O in 1972 to form Chessie System. Chessie System merged with . . . — Map (db m70491) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Chimborazo Hospital
On this hill stood Chimborazo Hospital 1862-1865 Established by Surgeon General S.P. Moore, C.S.A. Directed by Dr. James B. McCaw. At that time, it was the largest military hospital in the world. It consisted of 150 buildings and 100 tents . . . — Map (db m15507) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Chimborazo Hospital1861-1865
In this park Dr. James B. McCaw developed for the Confederate States of America a military hospital which was then the largest in human history. It received 17,000 wounded, served more than 76,000 patients, and had a mortality of less than 10%. Dr. . . . — Map (db m16047) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Chimborazo Hospital
On this 40-acre plateau the Confederates built Chimborazo Hospital, one of the largest and best-known Civil War military hospitals: 78,000 sick and wounded Confederate soldiers passed through the hospital from 1861-1865. Chimborazo’s neat rows of . . . — Map (db m34784) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Christopher Newport Cross / Canal WalkRichmond Riverfront
Christopher Newport Cross On May 24, 1607, Captain Christopher Newport and a party of explorers who had landed at Jamestown just days earlier arrived at the site of modern-day Richmond. Hoping to find a passage to the Pacific, they found . . . — Map (db m23819) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Christopher Newport Monument
Capt. Christopher Newport John Smith Gabriel Archer Hon. George Percy With gentlemen, mariners, soldiers numbering twenty-one explored James River to the falls, and set up a cross Whitsunday, May 24th 1607 This monument is . . . — Map (db m23818) HM
Virginia, Richmond — SA 90 — Church Hill Tunnel
About 200 feet east is the western portal of the Church Hill Tunnel. On 11 Dec. 1873, Chesapeake and Ohio locomotive number 2 passed through the tunnel, marking the completion of one of the longest tunnels in the United States. The tunnel was being . . . — Map (db m54853) HM
Virginia, Richmond — City Locks River Gauge
The building before you holds equipment that measures the level of the James River leaving Richmond How it works: The gauge is a tube of air with a standard amount of pressure inside. How much the river water rises up the tube determines . . . — Map (db m61821) HM
Virginia, Richmond — City of Richmond Bicentennial
On July 2, 1782, the people of Richmond gathered near this site to elect twelve citizens and constitute their first city government, known as the Common Hall. The next day, the Richmond Common Council held its first meeting on the same site and . . . — Map (db m16306) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Civil War POW Camp
You are looking at the nationally significant site of the notorious Belle Isle prisoner-of-war camp where during the Civil War thousands of captured U.S. soldiers were confined. After the war began in 1861, military prisoners jammed Richmond’s . . . — Map (db m64034) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Civil War Visitor CenterRichmond National Battlefield Park
You are standing amid the remains of the Tredegar Iron Works, the nation’s largest and best-equipped ironworks in 1860. Some Tredegar iron industries operated until the 1950s. Today, Tredegar’s Pattern Storage Building, constructed around 1867, . . . — Map (db m24474) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Coffer Dams
The large wood and steel rectangles before you are the walls of temporary dams. They are designed to be placed by crane at either end of the stone locks to your right. --- This allows the locks to be closed off, the water pumped out, and . . . — Map (db m61822) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Colonel Thomas Stegge, Jr.
This tablet is dedicated to the memory of Colonel Thomas Stegge, Jr. proprietor of the Falls Plantation, 1659-70 first land-patentee permanently to reside at the falls of James River; uncle and benefactor of William Byrd I., . . . — Map (db m30357) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Columbian Block
The Columbian Block at the dawn of the 20th Century. This building, probably erected in 1871 to house the grain and Cotton Exchange, also housed the original “Sam Miller Exchange Cafe.” The business of the Richmond Commodities Exchange . . . — Map (db m40671) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Commercial Block1211-1217 East Cary Street
This commercial row of warehouses and retail structures was built immediately after the Civil War, in 1866, to serve the nearby James River and Kanawha Canal. The Doric colonnade framing the doorways and windows on this building was produced in . . . — Map (db m40668) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Company Store
The Tredegar Company operated a company store, or commissary, in this two story brick building. The company store was opened shortly after Tredegar resumed production at the end of the Civil War (c.1868) and remained in business until just after the . . . — Map (db m24129) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Confederate (Second) Alabama Hospital
Also known as Yarbrough's factory, Turpin's factory. Original building Richmond Civil War Centennial Committee 1965 Historic Building Built 1853 Yarbrough Turpin Tobacco Factory 1853 - 1909 Pohlig Bros. Paper Box . . . — Map (db m32309) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Confederate General Hospital No. 12
Also known as Banner, Grant, Wayside Later used as barracks by Federal occupation forces. Original building. Richmond Civil War Centennial Committee 1965 Map (db m31167) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Confederate HospitalChimborazo 1861-1865
Here on this 40-acre plateau the Confederates built Chimborazo Hospital, one of the largest and best known Civil War military hospitals. Its neat rows of pavilion buildings enhanced ventilation and served as a model for many postwar hospitals. None . . . — Map (db m16143) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Confederate Laboratory
Brown’s Island was the site of the Confederate Laboratory, a major powder-loading and cartridge-producing plant during the Civil War. During the Civil War, the hazardous work of loading powder was carried out here on Brown’s Island because of . . . — Map (db m24098) HM
Virginia, Richmond — SA 52 — Confederate Memorial Chapel
The chapel was erected in 1887 in memory of the more than 260,000 Confederate war dead and as a place of worship for the veterans who resided here in the Robert E. Lee Camp Confederate Soldiers' Home. The veterans themselves, many of them disabled . . . — Map (db m15908) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Confederate Memorial ChapelR. E. Lee Camp, No.1 — Confederate Soldiers’ Home
Between 1885 and 1941 the present-day location of the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts was the site of a large residential complex for poor and infirm Confederate veterans of the Civil War. Established by R. E. Lee Camp, No. 1, Confederate Veterans, the . . . — Map (db m41812) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Confederate Memorial Pyramid
. . . — Map (db m13973) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Confederate Navy Yard
Begun in 1862, the Confederate Navy Yard occupied both banks of the James River, including the community and port of Rocketts Landing on the north bank. The Yard was the base, construction site, and headquarters for the James River Squadron, . . . — Map (db m23663) HM
Virginia, Richmond — SA 101 — Confederate Ordnance Lab Explosion
In 1862, during the Civil War, Confederates established an ordnance laboratory and complex on the western part of nearby Brown’s Island. Workers there, many of them women and children who were forced to find employment because of the economic . . . — Map (db m64016) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Confederate Soldiers & Sailors Monument
Erected by the Confederate Soldiers & Sailors Monument Association Anno Domini 1887-1894. — Map (db m16230) HM
Virginia, Richmond — SA 34 — Craig House
The Craig House, perhaps Richmond’s second oldest structure, was built between 1784 and 1787 by Adam Craig (b. ca. 1760–d. 1808). He was clerk of the Richmond Hustings Court, the Henrico County Court, and the General Court. To save the house, . . . — Map (db m1901) HM
Virginia, Richmond — 4 — Creole RevoltRichmond Slave Trail
In October of 1841, Madison Washington and over 100 other men were sold from Richmond’s slave jails and ordered for export to New Orleans. Although the infamous Robert Lumpkin did not own his jail until 1844, he was one of several shippers in . . . — Map (db m41828) HM
Virginia, Richmond — 1 — Crossing the AtlanticRichmond Slave Trail
Spanning nearly 350 years, the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade displaced over 12 million Africans from their native lands to foreign soils. European traders eager to fill the labor vacuum in the New World participated in the capture and sale of African . . . — Map (db m41821) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Cupolas from the Virginia State Penitentiary
The cupolas you see here sat atop the Virginia State Penitentiary building that stood not far from here. Benjamin Henry Latrobe's original penitentiary was replaced by the building below in the 20th century, but was torn down in 1992 when the state . . . — Map (db m24143) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Davenport Trading CompanyThe Last Building Known to have been used in the Slave Trade
The brick structure before you once held the Davenport Trading Company. While it was primarily a dry goods business, it also functioned as a general auction site. This included farm animals, equipment …and slaves. The large open area on the . . . — Map (db m40675) HM
Virginia, Richmond — 3 — Despair of SlaveryRichmond Slave Trail
“I had noticed the bad condition of this gang several times on the road, the poor wretches being travel-worn and half starved, and having large sores caused by their loads and the blows and cuts they received. The ropes that confined them were . . . — Map (db m41872) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Downtown Richmond Millsites
Seven sites in downtown Richmond have been locations for water-powered industry: HOLLYWOOD: A flour mill was operating by 1800. Canal water powered a paper mill beginning in 1887, and a 2,100 kilowatt hydroelectric plant from 1940 to 1972. . . . — Map (db m26580) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Early Industrial Patterns
The Pattern Building’s origins reflect the uses of the Valentine Riverside site by several industries that were key to America’s, and Richmond’s industrial development. The building’s stone and brick foundations are from a water-powered flour mill . . . — Map (db m24154) HM
Virginia, Richmond — SA 46-a — Early Quakers in Richmond
Near this site a meetinghouse was built in 1797 to 1798 by members of the Religious Society of Friends. Called Quakers, the earliest had arrived in Virginia from England in 1655. The building was the second house of worship in Richmond after St. . . . — Map (db m32317) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Early Shockoe
"We laid the foundation of two large cities, one at Shacco's, to be called Richmond." William Byrd II, 1733 "In those days the river was the road to town. Tobacco was boated down to Westham, seven miles above the falls, and then brought . . . — Map (db m23950) HM
Virginia, Richmond — SA 96 — Ebenezer Baptist Church
Free blacks and slaves living west of Second St. and north of Broad St. founded the Third African Baptist Church in 1857. In 1858, it was dedicated on this site as Ebenezer Baptist Church, with a white minister, the Rev. William T. Lindsay, as . . . — Map (db m56178) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Edgar Allen Poe
Presented to the people of Virginia by George Edward Barksdale, M.D. and gratefully accepted by the Commonwealth of Virginia as a tribute of admiration for Poe's scholarly genius as an eminent and vigorous writer and poet. — Map (db m4637) HM
Virginia, Richmond — SA 72 — Egyptian Building
In Oct. 1844, Hampden-Sydney College’s medical department first held classes in this Egyptian Revival structure designed by Philadelphia architect Thomas S. Stewart. Completed in 1846, it provided educational and clinical facilities for the medical . . . — Map (db m18855) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Egyptian BuildingMedical College of Virginia — 1844 - 1845
This building in the Egyptian style has been used continuously since its completion in 1845. During the War Between the States it was the chief Southern center for the education of physicians and surgeons. This tablet is erected by the Alumni . . . — Map (db m42672) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Electric Trolley
In 1888, Richmond built the first commercially successful electric trolley system in the world. The tops of the new cars were connected to an electrical line called a "troller" and thus became known as "trolleys." Richmond's horse-drawn . . . — Map (db m23929) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Electricity for Streetcars
Power from Brown’s Island began to run streetcars in 1894, when Richmond Railway & Electric built a coal-fired generating plant. In 1888, the Richmond Union Passenger Railway became the first streetcar line in the world to be successfully . . . — Map (db m24106) HM
Virginia, Richmond — SA 54 — Engine Company No. 9 Fire Station
On 1 July 1950, the first professional Afro-American firefighters in Virginia were hired and in September were stationed on the northeast corner of this intersection. These courageous pioneers created a loyalty and dedication to each other and their . . . — Map (db m22323) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Enterprise and Iron
By 1844, Tredegar Iron Works managers used this building for an office and as a residence. After the Civil War, it became the principal iron works office. It was rebuilt after being damaged by fire in 1903. During most of the history of Tredegar, . . . — Map (db m24128) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Evacuation Fire
The Evacuation Fire destroyed roughly 1,000 buildings. It spread from here to the James River, and from the foot of Gambles Hill east to beyond 14th Street. The first tires were set by Confederate forces just after daybreak Monday April 3, . . . — Map (db m26582) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Evacuation of Richmond
On Sunday morning, April 2, 1865, Confederate President Jefferson Davis was notified while in church that Petersburg was falling. By noon, the evacuation of the Confederate government and army from Richmond was set in motion. Late Sunday evening, a . . . — Map (db m26581) HM
Virginia, Richmond — SA 91 — Evergreen Cemetery
In 1891, Evergreen Cemetery was established as a preeminent resting place for many of Virginia's most influential African-American residents. These include Maggie L. Walker, president and founder of the St. Luke Penny Savings Bank, and John . . . — Map (db m53937) HM
Virginia, Richmond — SA 66 — Execution of Gabriel
Near here is the early site of the Richmond gallows and “Burial Ground for Negroes.” On 10 Oct. 1800, Gabriel, an enslaved blacksmith from Brookfield plantation in Henrico County, was executed there for attempting to lead a mass uprising . . . — Map (db m15116) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Falls of the James
The Falls of the James River are the central physical fact of Richmond, having directly influenced its history through their effect upon Trade, Energy, Community and Nourishment. Trade As the Falls of the James are a natural barrier . . . — Map (db m23814) HM
Virginia, Richmond — 17 — First African Baptist ChurchRichmond Slave Trail
“As for the singing, when the vast congregation poured out its full soul in the old-fashioned songs, the long and loud bursts of praise reminded one parishioner of the ‘sound of many waters.” Slave Missions & the Black Church in . . . — Map (db m41846) HM
Virginia, Richmond — SA 106 — First African Baptist Church
Tracing its roots to 1780 as the First Baptist Church, the First African Baptist Church was bought and organized by freedmen and slaves in 1841. The present building was erected on the same site in 1876. The establishment of First African Baptist . . . — Map (db m79124) HM
Virginia, Richmond — First Break Rapids
In 1969 Hurricane Camille punched a hole in this dam that once funneled water to power plants on Belle Isle and below Hollywood Cemetery. It's now a popular boating site. Notice how a small current on the far side goes back upstream offering an . . . — Map (db m64050) HM
Virginia, Richmond — First Lieutenant Jimmie W. Monteith, Jr.
Commemorating the beautiful life of First Lieutenant Jimmie W. Monteith, Jr. He died June 6, 1944 on the shores of Normandy and lies buried at St. Laurent, France. Age 26 years. A Virginia by birth, descending from a long line of her . . . — Map (db m61634) WM
Virginia, Richmond — SA 25 — First Trolley Car System in Richmond
In 1888, the world’s first successful electric railway, the Richmond Union Passenger Railway, branched at this point to link downtown and Jackson Ward with the suburbs. This system, designed by Frank Julian Sprague (1857–1934), contained 12 . . . — Map (db m1899) HM
Virginia, Richmond — SA 60 — Forest Hill Park
This 105-acre site was part of William Byrd III's vast 1700s holdings along the James River. In 1836, Holden Rhodes (1799-1857), noted jurist and early president of the Richmond and Petersburg Railroad Company, purchased the property, named it . . . — Map (db m28854) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Francis Asbury
To the glory of God and in grateful memory of Francis Asbury Bishop of the Methodist Episcopal Church in America An apostle whose only home was his saddle, his parish the continent. With fervent love for his Lord and a zeal that . . . — Map (db m31163) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Francis Turbine
This Francis Type Turbine was used on the Tredegar site in the early twentieth century and is very similar to one of the five turbines located near the building to your left. It was built by the S. Morgan Smith Company of York, Pennsylvania. By . . . — Map (db m24426) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Franklin Street Burying Grounds
Reconsecration of the Franklin Street Burying Grounds The first Jewish Cemetery in Virginia Founded 1791 Commemorating the 300th anniversary of the first permanent Jewish settlement in the United States This . . . — Map (db m37129) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Frederick William Sievers
Sievers, 1872-1966, one of the South’s most prolific sculptors, maintained his residence and studio at what is now 1206 W. 43rd Street for more than one half century. Although best known for his Virginia monument at Gettysburg and the memorials to . . . — Map (db m31785) HM
Virginia, Richmond — SA 6 — Freedmen's Bureau Freedman's Bank
Slavery denied African Americans the education and skills required to exercise the freedoms won by the Civil War. To redress this, Congress created the Freedman Bureau and Freedman’s Bank in March 1865. In Richmond, the Bureau and its Bank first . . . — Map (db m25307) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Gallego Mill Flume
The Gallego Flour Mill was located in 1835 at the east end of the Great Basin, approximately where 12th and Canal Streets are today. The Mill, which when completed, stood nine stories high, contained 31 pairs of grinding stones, and was powered by . . . — Map (db m23951) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Gallego Mills
Richmond's Gallego Mills were a major 19th century industry. In 1834, Joseph Gallego built a mill on the Great Basin at the northwest corner of 12th & Canal Streets. The mill used Basin water to turn its waterwheels. After an 1848 fire, Messrs. . . . — Map (db m23880) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Gateway to the Civil WarDiscover more than 800 Civil War sites along ten breathtaking trails.
Welcome to our nation’s only multistate Civil War driving trail, which links hundreds of authentic sites in three states. Established in Virginia in 1995 as the Route of Lee’s Retreat trail, the program has grown to include more than 400 sites in . . . — Map (db m23652) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Gen'l Joseph E. Johnston
Gen'l Joseph E. Johnston, Confederate States Army, desperately wounded at the Battle of Seven Pines, was brought to the Crenshaw residence standing on this block, and nursed to recovery. This marker is placed by the Confederate . . . — Map (db m29838) HM
Virginia, Richmond — George Washington Monument
Washington (Marker conveys the impact of Virginians on our Country's history through its prominent and allegorical figures. See the "More about this marker" section and the links for more information). Map (db m4715) HM
Virginia, Richmond — George Washington’s Vision
George Washington’s Vision George Washington promoted the concept of a great central waterway long before he became this nation’s first President. A surveyor of western lands as a young man, and later a landowner of vast tracts beyond the . . . — Map (db m23753) HM
Virginia, Richmond — George Wythe
Site of the home of George Wythe, Signer of the Declaration of Independence — Map (db m47016) HM
Virginia, Richmond — George Wythe
This tablet is dedicated to mark the site where lie the mortal remains of George Wythe Born 1726 - Died 1806 Jurist and Statesman Teacher of Randolph Jefferson and Marshall First Professor of Law in the United States . . . — Map (db m76535) HM
Virginia, Richmond — SA 76 — Giles Beecher Jacksonca. 1852-1924
The first African American to practice law before the Supreme Court of Virginia, Jackson lived and worked in Jackson Ward. Although local tradition holds that Jackson Ward was named for him, in fact, the ward’s name first appeared during his . . . — Map (db m64017) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Governor Edmund Randolph
Site of the home of Governor Edmund Randolph, Patriot, Soldier, Statesman. Placed by the Association for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities 1907. — Map (db m74180) HM
Virginia, Richmond — SA 80 — Grace Evelyn Arents1849-1926
Grace Evelyn Arents worked tirelessly as an urban reformer and philanthropist to improve the daily life of individuals regardless of race, gender, or class. She developed a church complex that included St. Andrews Episcopal Church, St. Andrew’s . . . — Map (db m24338) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Granite and History
Rocks and Railroads Look Ahead Riverside Drive is now on top what used to be a railroad bed. It serviced quarries you can find further to the west. Look to the left in the grassy field between the park entrance and exit. You . . . — Map (db m80855) HM
Virginia, Richmond — SA 40 — Grant House / Sheltering Arms Hospital
William H. Grant, a prominent Richmond tobacconist, built this mansion by 1856 on property acquired from John Wickham's estate. The house, an early example in Richmond of the Italianate style, reflected the wealth and sophistication of late . . . — Map (db m16170) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Great Ship Lock
The Great Ship Lock connected the navigable part of the James River with the Richmond city dock, which extended for ten blocks to the west. Ocean-going vessels were raised up from sea level to the level of the city dock which accommodated ships as . . . — Map (db m23672) HM
Virginia, Richmond — 6 — Great Ship LockCaptain John Smith’s Adventures on the James — www.johnsmithtrail.org
James River Park System Despite the presence of a large Indian village just below the falls—or perhaps because of good relations with the local ruler Parahunt and his father Powhatan—Capt. Francis West built a fort near . . . — Map (db m23706) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Great Ship Lock
The first Great Ship Lock was built in 1816. It connected the navigable part of the James River with the Richmond city dock, which extended for 10 blocks to the west. The lock raised sailing ships and steamboats approximately 13 feet above the . . . — Map (db m47452) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Great Turning Basin
The stones in this plaza have been arranged to suggest the outline of a typical lock on Richmond’s James River and Kanawha Canal. Where you now stand was once a part of the Great Turning Basin which served the heart of the commercial area in . . . — Map (db m26569) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Gun Emplacement
To large pits on top of this hill were intended for cannons to guard this prison island from northern attack. Rapids actually protected the island, there was never an attack, and no guns were ever installed. Sign funded by: Blue Ridge Mt. . . . — Map (db m64049) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Hancock-Wirt-Caskie House
Built 1808 Once home of William Wirt 1816-1818 lawyer, author, politician Attorney General of the United States This Federal Period house is a superior example of its type Acquired in 1970 by The William Byrd Branch of the . . . — Map (db m47012) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Harry Flood Byrd
State Senator 1916-26 Governor of Virginia 1926-30 United States Senator 1933-65 The General Assembly of Virginia on March 9, 1974, authorized this memorial to Harry Flood Byrd, of Winchester, Virginia, declaring that "The sum total of . . . — Map (db m4711) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Hartshorn Memorial College
This stone marks the site of eight surrounding acres of Hartshorn Memorial College. Founded in 1883 as a Christian College for Negro women by Joseph C. Hartshorn, of Rhode Island, in memory of his wife, Rachel Thurber. . . . — Map (db m29207) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Haxall Headgates
One of Richmond's early canals began as a millrace, built by David Ross in 1789. When the Ross Mill was acquired by the Haxall family in 1809, the race became known as the Haxall Canal. Before the American Revolution, Samuel Overton built . . . — Map (db m23921) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Haxall Millrace
The first gristmill in Richmond was built on rocks in the river and approached by planks laid from one rock to another. In the 19th century, fleets of schooners and brigs carried Richmond's flour to Brazil and around Cape Horn to San Francisco . . . — Map (db m23928) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Headgate
The river brings logs and debris with every flood, but clear water is needed to push the turbine blades that turn electric generators. Logs were floated away through the gate in the dam straight ahead. (Look under the wheel.) Small debris was caught . . . — Map (db m64047) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Headgate Cleaner
Water leading to the power plant was kept clean by passing it through slats in the headgate called trash racks. Bits of wood can wear away the edges of turbine blades and make them unbalanced. Repair was complicated and expensive. This . . . — Map (db m64048) HM
Virginia, Richmond — SA 2 — Hebrew Cemetery
Richmond’s Hebrew Cemetery was established in the early 19th century by Congregation Beth Shalome, which was formed by 1789 and merged with Congregation Beth Ahabah in 1898. The cemetery was listed on the Virginia Landmarks Register and National . . . — Map (db m22605) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Here Stood the Trigg Shipyard
The concrete walls in front of you are all that is left of the once-bustling Trigg Shipyard. The yard employed 2,000 men and was comprised of 16 large industrial buildings on a 25-acre site with 20 acres in water, dock, and boat basin. In 1898, . . . — Map (db m92632) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Heron Rookery
In the trees, on the island in front of you, are the nests of a colony of Great Blue Herons. They look like loose bundles of sticks a yard across and are often near the ends of tree branches. Herons usually gather in isolated areas away from . . . — Map (db m73911) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Historic Belle IsleJames River Park System
Early History Belle Isle, at 54 acres, is the largest island in the James River at Richmond, and also one of the most historic sites in the city. Virginia’s native tribes, including the Powhatans, fished in the river here for thousands of . . . — Map (db m64038) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Historic Belle Isle
In front of you is Belle Isle. At 54 acres, it is the largest island in the James River at Richmond, and one of the most historic sites in the city. Virginia Indians fished in the river here long before the English arrived, Captain John Smith was . . . — Map (db m64056) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Historic Shockoe Valley
Richmond is one of the most historic cities in the nation. Captain John Smith was among the first Europeans to visit in 1607, and William Byrd II, the founder of Richmond laid out the original street pattern. This photograph, taken in 1865 . . . — Map (db m67162) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Historic Tredegar
The Tredegar Iron Works was one of the nation’s largest and best-equipped ironworks in 1860. At its height, this industrial powerhouse employed Richmond’s largest industrial working force, approximately 800 free and slave . . . — Map (db m47018) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Hollywood Rapids
The rapids to your left are named for the cemetery on the hill straight ahead. The granite rocks that cause them are part of a geological scar that stretches 1000 miles from New Jersey to Georgia. It resulted from the clash of the continents . . . — Map (db m64053) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Horseshoe Shops
In the late 1800s, horse-drawn carts, wagons, and carriages dominated city streets, and southern agriculture still largely depended on the power of horses and mules. To meet the demand for horse and mule shoes, Tredegar began selling machine-made . . . — Map (db m24137) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Hunter Holmes McGuire, M.D.
(Front): To Hunter Holmes McGuire, M.D., LL.D., President of the American Medical and of the American Surgical Associations; Founder of the University College of Medicine; Medical Director, Jackson's Corps, Army of Northern . . . — Map (db m4735) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Inauguration of Davis
On a platform erected on this spot Jefferson Davis was inaugurated as the regularly elected President of the Confederate States of America, February 22, 1862. — Map (db m4742) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Industrial Recycling
Iron companies in the late 1800s began melting down scrap metal from old machines and parts to make new products, just as we recycle materials like aluminum cans today. The “car wheel crusher” that stood here broke up old railroad car . . . — Map (db m24405) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Inner Line of Defence
This cannon marks the spot where in 1861 a large earthwork of the Inner Line of Defence was constructed Placed in 1915 by the City of Richmond at the request of the Confederate Memorial Literary Society — Map (db m15509) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Inside A Flour Mill
One of the first industries to benefit from American industrial innovation was flour milling. Oliver Evans published The Young Mill-wright and Miller's Guide in 1795, and his patented principles of design spread quickly. Evans' mechanized . . . — Map (db m23883) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Intermediate Line of Confederate Defenses
This cannon marks the intermediate line of Confederate defenses of Richmond 1862 - 1865 Placed here in 1958 by the Confederate Memorial Literary Society in memory of Alexander Wilbourne Weddell — Map (db m38902) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Ironworks Oil House
This stone storage shed was built to hold flammable lubricants and dangerous acids. The hand-cut stone likely was quarried here on Belle Isle. The shed served the Old Dominion Iron and Nail Company, which expanded from this area eastward, behind . . . — Map (db m64043) HM
Virginia, Richmond — SA-74 — Jackson Ward
Before the Civil War this neighborhood was home to free blacks and enslaved individuals, along with European immigrants and Jewish residents. The area served as a city electoral district (1871-1903) and is still called Jackson Ward. By the early . . . — Map (db m24202) HM
Virginia, Richmond — SA 63 — Jacob House
In 1817 George Winston built the Jacob House nearby, in the development known as Sydney. Winston (1759-1826), a Quaker who built the first Richmond Friends Meeting House at 19th and Cary Streets about 1798, employed a large number of free black . . . — Map (db m25953) HM
Virginia, Richmond — James Monroe
Born in Westmoreland County 28” April 1758. Died in the City of New York 4“ July 1831. By order of the General Assembly, his remains were removed to this cemetery 5” July 1858 as an evidence of the affection of Virginia for . . . — Map (db m8017) HM
Virginia, Richmond — James River & Kanawha Canal
In its peak years the canal employed 75 deck boats, 66 open boats, 54 batteaux, 6 passenger or packet boats, 425 horses, and 900 men. "The batteaux...charmed my young eyes more than all the gondolas of Venice." George William Bagby, c. . . . — Map (db m23865) HM
Virginia, Richmond — James River & Kanawha Canal
The James River and Kanawha Canal was completed as far as Buchanan in 1854. The canal provided a continuous navigable waterway from Tidewater to Buchanan, a distance of 197 miles. Consisting of ninety lift locks and a total lift of seven hundred and . . . — Map (db m23870) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Jefferson DavisPresident of the Confederate States of America — 1861 – 1865
Jefferson Davis --------------- Exponent of Constitutional Principals Defender of the Rights of States --------------- Crescit occulto velut arbor aevo fama Right of Pedestal: With constancy and courage unsurpassed, he sustained the heavy . . . — Map (db m19809) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Jefferson Davis Highway
. . . — Map (db m31749) HM
Virginia, Richmond — John Jasper
“The manner he preaches is only in keeping with the openness and candor of his heart.” Deacon and Officers of the Sixth Mount Zion Baptist Church, 1884 “Jasper didn’t convert me to his religion, but he did convert me to . . . — Map (db m24102) HM
Virginia, Richmond — John Jasper
John Jasper was born in a slave cabin on Peachy Plantation in Fluvanna County on July 4, 1812, and lived until 1901. In 1839, while working in a Richmond tobacco factory, he was "annointed by the Holy Ghost" and went on to become a preacher. On . . . — Map (db m24180) HM
Virginia, Richmond — John Marshall HouseBuilt 1790
The third United States Supreme Court Justice lived here until his death in 1835. His family remained until 1909, and the Association for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities (APVA) opened it to the public in 1913. — Map (db m29353) HM
Virginia, Richmond — SA-61 — John Miller House
John Miller, a free black cooper and minister, built this house about 1858. It is significant as a rare surviving antebellum house in Richmond constructed by and for a free African American family. More than two thousand free blacks lived in . . . — Map (db m4498) HM
Virginia, Richmond — SA 73 — John Mitchell, Jr., "Fighting Editor"
Born enslaved near Richmond in 1863, John Mitchell, Jr. came of age in the tumultuous post–Civil War era. In 1883, he launched a daring journalism career, becoming editor and publisher of the black-owned Richmond Planet once located . . . — Map (db m57530) HM
Virginia, Richmond — John Tyler
State Legislator, U.S. Congressman Governor of Virginia, U.S. Senator, Vice President of U.S., Peace Commissioner, Confederate Congressman and tenth President of the United States This marker was placed in 1949 by the Head . . . — Map (db m4713) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Joseph Reid Anderson
Born February 16, 1813 in Fincastle, Virginia Died September 7, 1892 at Isle of Shoales, New Hampshire Buried in Hollywood Cemetery Cadet Captain, Class of 1836, West Point Military Academy Purchased Tredegar Iron Works, April 4, 1848 . . . — Map (db m75316) HM
Virginia, Richmond — SA 56 — Kahal Kadosh Beth Shalome
Jews have participated in Virginia’s social and economic life from the colony’s beginnings. Kahal Kadosh Beth Shalome (Holy Congregation House of Peace) was founded in Richmond in 1789, when the Jewish community grew large enough to establish the . . . — Map (db m27135) HM
Virginia, Richmond — 11 — Kanawha CanalRichmond Slave Trail
(left panel) In Virginia and the rest of the United States, the waterways, both rivers and man-made canals served as the main avenues of commerce. Ships from across the Atlantic or from other American ports transported goods that were . . . — Map (db m41895) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Kanawha Plaza
Stone Number SB-01 from Lock Number 1 of the Tidewater Connection of the James River and Kanawha Canal. The lock was completed in 1854. The stones of this lock have been saved for future restoration. — Map (db m26584) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Lee
< No Inscription > — Map (db m19852) HM
Virginia, Richmond — SA 102 — Leigh Street Armory
In 1895, the city of Richmond constructed the Leigh Street or First Battalion Virginia Volunteers Armory, the nation’s only 19th-century armory built for an African American militia. Several decades of noteworthy performance by Virginia’s black . . . — Map (db m94007) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Libby Prison“Hope was all that sustained many.”
Near this site, from about 1845 until 1889, stood the building that housed Richmond’s famous Libby Prison. Originally built as a warehouse by wealthy Richmond businessman John Enders, Sr., a portion of the structure was leased prior to the Civil War . . . — Map (db m35933) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Libby Prison1861-1865
Libby Prison, one of the most notorious prisons of the Civil War, housed mostly Union officers. It was located at the southeast corner of 20th and Cary streets (the doorway in the floodwall is at 20th, and the wall runs through the site of the . . . — Map (db m47433) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Libby Prison CSA1861-65
On This Site Stood Libby Prison CSA 1861-65 For Federal Prisoners Of War Placed By Confederate Memorial Literary Society A.D. 1911 — Map (db m30295) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Lumpkins JailArcheology Study Site
The grass and wood chips to your right mark the area of an archeological examination of the remnants of one of our nations most notorious slave jails: the Devil’s Half Acre ---- the place where run-away slaves were punished and large numbers . . . — Map (db m40679) HM
Virginia, Richmond — 15 — Lumpkin's JailRichmond Slave Trail
(left panel) Lumpkin’s Jail was owned by Robert Lumpkin, who maximized profits in his compound by including lodging for s1ave traders, a slave holding facility, an auction house, and a residence for his family. A port city with water, . . . — Map (db m41838) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Maggie Lena Walker
Maggie Lena Walker was the first woman and the first African-American woman to found and be president of a chartered bank in the United States. She was born into poverty on July 15, 1864 in Richmond, Virginia to parents who worked in the mansion of . . . — Map (db m77446) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Maggie Walker(1867-1934)
Founder of the St. Luke Penny Savings Bank in 1903, now Consolidated Bank & Trust Company, whose headquarters stood here 1910-1975. "What do we need to still further develop and prosper us, numerically and financially? Let us put our moneys . . . — Map (db m25957) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Maj. Gen. J. E. B. Stuart
[Monument's east side]: Commanding Cavalry Corps Army Northern Virginia Confederate States of America *** This statue erected by his comrades and the City of Richmond A.D. 1906 [Monument's south side]: “Tell . . . — Map (db m9150) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Major James Gibbon
. . . — Map (db m47011) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Making Machines at Tredegar
During the 1880’s the Tredegar Iron Works made many of the specialized machines necessary in iron production. This was especially true for machinery used in the rolling mills. Two major parts of the stand of rolls you see in the display behind you, . . . — Map (db m24427) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Manchester & Free Bridges
By 1873, complaints about Mayo’s’ tolls led to the opening of the Free Bridge. The day after the Free Bridge opened, thousands crowded onto it to watch the Reverend John Jasper conduct a large group-baptism ceremony in the river. For . . . — Map (db m24104) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Manchester Canal
The still water in front of you once flowed freely to the right. It once spun the water wheels and turbines of several paper companies (like the one to your left), ...grist mills (where the grain elevator is now to your right) ...and an . . . — Map (db m30068) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Manchester Elliott Grays
(front) Here on the site of the old market square the Manchester Elliott Grays, the first volunteer company in this section, was mustered into service May 9, 1861, commanded by Louis Francis Bossieux. After attending services at . . . — Map (db m30071) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Manchester Lodge No. 14
On September 19, 1795, Manchester Lodge No. 14, A.F.&A. M., laid the cornerstone of its first temple on this site. The ceremony was conducted by the worshipful master Archibald Campbell, grand master John Marshall, and deputy grand master Robert . . . — Map (db m19683) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Manchester Slave Docks
In the late 1700s, newly captured Africans walked this route from the docks to the slave jails near 15th and Franklin Streets. Chained at the neck and legs, they were marched at night to avoid offending citizens with their oozing sores, filth and . . . — Map (db m30065) HM
Virginia, Richmond — SA 3 — Mary-Cooke Branch Munford1865-1938
Mary-Cooke Branch Munford received her primary and secondary education in Richmond and New York. Prevented from attending college by her mother, Munford became an avid reader and developed an active social conscience. She served as the first woman . . . — Map (db m25622) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Matthew Fontaine Maury
. . . — Map (db m30000) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Maupin - Maury House
Originally built in 1846 at 1105 East Clay, Street, this Greek Revival townhouse was reconstructed on this site in1993 using much of the original architectural fabric. The builder, Dr. Socrates Maupin, was one of the founders of the medical . . . — Map (db m30001) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Maury
Pathfinder of the Seas — Map (db m19851) HM
Virginia, Richmond — 9 — Mayo's BridgeRichmond Slave Trail
“The Union soldiers would put out the fires and push into the city within hours of the Confederates passing over the bridges. Among the first Union soldiers to put down their muskets and pick up fire hoses and axes would be several regiments . . . — Map (db m41840) HM
Virginia, Richmond — 2 — Mechanics of SlaveryRichmond Slave Trail
“But the circumstance which struck us most forcibly was how it was possible for such a number of human beings to exist, packed up and wedged together as tight as they could cram, in low cells three feet high, the greater part of which, except . . . — Map (db m41871) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Memorial Bell Tower
To the Glory of God and in Memory of James Thomas, Jr. This Bell Tower is the gift of Mrs. Laura Thomas Rutherford who has presented this memorial to her father, as a tribute to his love for and loyalty to the First Baptist Church, of which . . . — Map (db m64125) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Memorial TerraceMonumental Church
1788 This site was a part of the Academy of Sciences and Fine Arts where the Virginia Convention of 1788 voted to approve the proposed U.S. Constitution on June 25th. 1806 Richmond Theatre opened in three-story brick building. . . . — Map (db m79129) HM
Virginia, Richmond — SA 105 — Miller’s and Eggleston Hotels
Opened in 1904 and demolished in 2009, the hotel that stood here hosted regional and national black luminaries, celebrities, tourists, and leaders including Booker T. Washington. Built by William “Buck” Miller, Miller’s Hotel was one of . . . — Map (db m89521) HM
Virginia, Richmond — SA 67 — Monroe Park
In 1851 the City of Richmond planned a series of parks including Western Square now known as Monroe Park. In the 1850s it served as grounds for what became the state fair organized by the Virginia State Agricultural Society. During the Civil War it . . . — Map (db m20534) HM
Virginia, Richmond — SA 38 — Monumental Church
The church is a memorial to the 72 people, including Virginia Governor George W. Smith, who died when the Richmond Theatre burned here in 1811. Several survivors owed their lives to the bravery of Gilbert Hunt, a slave blacksmith. A committee . . . — Map (db m18853) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Native American Fishing
In April and May, the Falls of the James is the richest source of food available. 400 years ago, Native American men would wade with nets and spears among the rocks and rapids to catch migrating shad, herring and striped bass. Enormous . . . — Map (db m64054) HM
Virginia, Richmond — SA 85 — Navy Hill
The Navy Hill neighborhood, named as a tribute to nearby naval victories during the War of 1812, was settled by German immigrants beginning in 1810. It became a vibrant African American community by the turn of the century. Navy Hill’s distinctive . . . — Map (db m47368) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Neighborhoods at Tredegar
[Three] communities grew up around the Tredegar Iron Works: Oregon Hill, Penitentiary Bottom, and Gamble’s Hill. Today little remains of these communities. A part of Oregon hill still survives, but Penitentiary Bottom and Gamble’s Hill are both . . . — Map (db m24413) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Norfolk and Southern Bridge
The Kanawha Canal Draw Bridge was built in 1930 by the Virginia Bridge and Iron Company to carry the Norfolk and Western Railroad's West Point line over the James River and Kanawha Canal. This type of bridge is known as a single-leaf bascule bridge. . . . — Map (db m23671) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Oak Tree Planted in Honor ofDr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
Minister of the Gospel, Author, Nobel Laureate, Civil Rights Leader, and Drum Major for Justice. Dedicated by Mrs. Coretta Scott King, Gov. James S. Gilmore, III, and the Citizens of Virginia on November 14, 2001 — Map (db m4652) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Oakwood CemeteryConfederate Section
Almost every Confederate soldier who died in a Richmond hospital during the war was buried in one of three local cemeteries: Hollywood, Oakwood, or Shockoe Hill. Although Hollywood Cemetery is the best known because of the many prominent men buried . . . — Map (db m61820) HM
Virginia, Richmond — SA -64 — Oakwood Cemetery Confederate Section
After the First Battle of Manassas, Richmond appropriated this approximately 7.5 - acre lot on 12 Aug. 1861 for burial of Confederate war dead. These Soldiers from every Southern state either died in Richmond's military hospitals, such as . . . — Map (db m15426) HM
Virginia, Richmond — 14 — Odd Fellows HallRichmond Slave Trail
Established in England in the mid-1700’s, the Grand United Order of Odd Fellows began as a philanthropic organization that welcomed both white and black membership. 1813 witnessed a significant rift in the Order’s structure when many of the members . . . — Map (db m41842) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Old Dominion Iron & Steel CompanyThe Chrysler Building
The tall design, thick "I" beams and a mix of different sized pieces mark this as one of the first factory buildings constructed by the ODIS -- probably in the early 1900's. OIDS was famous for is advanced metallurgy and fine casting important in . . . — Map (db m64044) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Old Negro Burial Ground
The land beyond this tunnel was once part of a cemetery for slaves and poor free blacks. The exact size and shape is unknown as is the number of persons once interred. What happened to their remains is a mystery as well. This was also the site . . . — Map (db m25960) HM
Virginia, Richmond — SA 39 — Origins of Richmond
There was "no place so strong, so pleasant, and delightful in Virginia, for which we called it None-such." So wrote Captain John Smith about the site he chose in 1609 when he established the first English settlement near the falls of the James . . . — Map (db m15925) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Overshot Waterwheel
This is a reconstruction of one of many waterwheels used on this site. It is called an overshot wheel because the water flows over the top. The Tredegar Iron Works used waterwheels from its founding in 1836 until the 1870s when turbines were . . . — Map (db m24148) HM
Virginia, Richmond — People-Technology-Commerce-Warfare
The area around you was the site of events that shaped the history and culture of Richmond. The stone docks (earlier made of wood) were the principal port for the collection and re-export of Virginia slaves. This awful trade was augmented by 5 . . . — Map (db m30066) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Pipeline Trail
The stairs below you lead to a narrow catwalk that rests on top of a large pipe. It’s a wonderful place to watch nature and escape the city for even just a few minutes. Located underneath the rail line, it follows the river and crosses above . . . — Map (db m73910) HM
Virginia, Richmond — 1 — Pony Pasture RapidsCaptain John Smith’s Adventures on the James — www.johnsmithtrail.org
James River Park System The James River’s rocky rapids marked a border between the Algonquian Indians and the Monacan Indians. In 1608, Capt. Christopher Newport and a band of colonists may have passed by here as they travelled by . . . — Map (db m23711) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Powers-Taylor Building13 South 13th Street
A handsome cast-iron storefront ornaments the ground floor of this row of buildings at 9-15 South 13th Street. Probably built during the 1880s, these structures housed a cigar manufactury and commission merchants' offices. For over 80 years parts of . . . — Map (db m68765) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Powhatan Stone
An old Indian stone removed from and now overlooking “Powhatan Seat” a royal residence of King Powhatan when Captain John Smith and his fellow “Adventurers” made the first permanent English settlement in this country at . . . — Map (db m16110) HM
Virginia, Richmond — President Lincoln Visits Richmond
The Civil War framed the presidency of Abraham Lincoln. Within weeks of his election in 1860 as the sixteenth American president, South Carolina seceded from the Union. The primary Confederate army surrendered on April 9, 1865, only days before . . . — Map (db m4804) HM
Virginia, Richmond — President’s MansionWhite House of the Confederacy
This house was the executive mansion of Confederate President Jefferson Davis and his family from August 1861 until April 2, 1865. A West Point graduate, former U.S. senator from Mississippi, and former U.S. secretary of war, Davis was the . . . — Map (db m16271) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Quality Row
During the 1920's this block of East Leigh Street was known as Quality Row. Upper middle class African-American families lived in these homes. Their neighborhood, Jackson Ward, became the most enterprising African-American business district in the . . . — Map (db m29354) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Quarry Equipment
Winches mounted here hauled rough granite out of the quarry pit and down to the rail connection at the ast end of the island. Steam from boilers powered the drills. The use of concrete here foretells the end of the cut stone industry -- between . . . — Map (db m64052) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Quarry Pond
Granite blocks were cut and winched up from the 19 foot deep quarry pit. Workers, mostly black prisoners, hit 2 cracks that led to the river. Water entered continually and the site was abandoned. Sunfish now live in the shallows, catfish at the . . . — Map (db m64051) HM
Virginia, Richmond — R&P Railroad Piers
"The railroad bridge — then a frail, giddy structure, wide enough for a track and footway - spans near a mile across the boiling current." Thomas Cooper De Leon, 1890 Across the canal stands one of the remaining piers from the . . . — Map (db m23809) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Raceways
As you explore the grounds of the Tredegar Iron Works, you will occasionally see evidence of underground networks. Below the ground are numerous “raceways,” tunnels of stone and brick, which carried water downhill from the canal to . . . — Map (db m24209) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Rail Lines at Tredegar
Nearly all of the materials shipped to and from Tredegar moved by railroad after the Civil War. The company’s small fleet of industrial switcher locomotives moved car loads along the spur lines that connected Tredegar to the outside world. Over two . . . — Map (db m24404) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Ratification of the Constitution
On this site the Virginia Convention ratified the United States Constitution June 25, 1788 In the ratifying convention were Edmund Randolph, James Madison, George Wythe, Henry Lee, John Marshall, Patrick Henry, George Mason and James Monroe . . . — Map (db m18851) HM
Virginia, Richmond — 13 — Reconciliation StatueRichmond Slave Trail
Dedicated 2007 CE Identical statues in Liverpool, England; Benin, West Africa; and Richmond, Virginia, memorialize the British, African, and American triangular trade route, now identified as the Reconciliation Triangle. Traders profited from . . . — Map (db m41843) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Residential Life at R. E. Lee Camp, No.1R. E. Lee Camp, No.1 — Confederate Soldiers’ Home
Between 1885 and 1941 the present-day location of the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts was the site of a large residential complex for poor and infirm Confederate veterans of the Civil War. Established by R. E. Lee Camp, No. 1, Confederate Veterans, the . . . — Map (db m41813) HM
Virginia, Richmond — 55 — Richmond DefencesBattery 16 of the Inner Line
On this spot stood Battery 16 of the Inner Line of the Richmond Defences, constructed in 1862-64. This Battery, which was never assailed by the Federals, was one seventeen placed between the Confederate capital and the Intermediate Line. — Map (db m15506) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Richmond Dock / Chapel Island
Richmond Dock In 1816, the Virginia legislature chartered the Richmond Dock Company. It operated independently of the James River and Kanawha Canal until 1854, when the Tidewater Connection was constructed. The Tidewater Connection, a . . . — Map (db m47430) HM
Virginia, Richmond — SA–42 — Richmond Evacuation Fire
After midnight on 3 April 1865, Confederate soldiers set fire to several tobacco warehouses nearby on orders from Lt. Gen. Richard S. Ewell, as the army evacuated Richmond and marched west. Two distinct fires spread rapidly throughout the . . . — Map (db m8161) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Richmond Howitzers Monument
To commemorate the deeds and services of The Richmond Howitzers of the period 1861-1865 [On south side of granite base, on the bronze emblem of the Richmond Howitzers]: Cita Mors Aut Victoria Laeta 1859 [On north side of . . . — Map (db m13971) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Richmond Local Flood Protection
Richmond Virginia is located at the fall line of the James River in Eastern Virginia. Its specific location makes the area vulnerable to all floods originating in the 6,760 square miles of drainage area upstream. Flooding in the city’s two business . . . — Map (db m23953) HM
Virginia, Richmond — 16 — Richmond’s African Burial GroundRichmond Slave Trail
(left panel) “Se wo were fin a wosankofa a yenkyi.” “It is not wrong to go back for that which you have forgotten.” -A proverb of the Akan people of West Africa An elder once said that cemeteries are not for . . . — Map (db m41823) HM
Virginia, Richmond — SA 65 — Richmond’s First African American Police Officers
On 1 May 1946, Richmond’s first professional African American police officers were hired and assigned to the First Precinct at Smith and Marshall Streets. They were Howard T. Braxton, Doctor P. Day, Frank S. Randolph, and John W. Vann. On 16 . . . — Map (db m1896) HM
Virginia, Richmond — SA 89 — Richmond's Civil War Hospitals
During the Civil War, overwhelming numbers of sick and wounded soldiers came to Richmond seeking treatment at one of the city's dozens of Confederate medical facilities, the best known of which was Chimborazo Hospital, established on this site in . . . — Map (db m72991) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Robert E. Lee Bridge
Erected 1933 – 1934 by Richmond Bridge Corporation John J. Wicker, Jr., President R. Keith Compton, V. Pres Allen J. Saville, V. Pres. Horace L. Smith, Jr., V. Pres. Wilmer L. O’Flaherty, Sec-Treas. —— . . . — Map (db m4736) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Robinson HouseR. E. Lee Camp, No.1 — Confederate Soldiers’ Home
Between 1885 and 1941 the present-day location of the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts was the site of a large residential complex for poor and infirm Confederate veterans of the Civil War. Established by R. E. Lee Camp, No. 1, Confederate Veterans, the . . . — Map (db m41814) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Rocketts Landing
Rocketts, or Rocketts Landing, is the river frontage of the community, named for Robert Rockett who operated a ferry across the James River beginning in the 1730s. Tenant laborers and merchants filled the floodplain with clusters of small houses and . . . — Map (db m23664) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Rocketts LandingConfederate Navy Yard
For centuries the James River served as a thoroughfare for vessels connecting Richmond to other ports along the Atlantic coast, South America and Europe. Here at Rocketts Landing, ships loaded and unloaded their cargoes as it was impossible to . . . — Map (db m92033) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Rocketts Landing and Wharf / Confederate Navy Yard / Powhatan’s Birthplace
(bottom panel) Rocketts Landing and Wharf Rocketts is the river frontage and community named for Robert Rockett, who operated a ferry across the James River beginning in the 1730s. Over the years, tenant laborers and merchants . . . — Map (db m47461) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Ross' Mill Race
The fluctuating water level of the James River inspired David Ross to construct this mill race. He designed it to provide a continuous source of water power for the mills he owned on this site from c. 1784 to 1809. David Ross was born in . . . — Map (db m23931) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Rutherfoord’s Mill
Thomas Rutherfoord, a Scottish immigrant, built a flour mill on this site around 1800, using water power from the James River and Kanawha Canal. The ruins of the stone foundation can still be seen. Grain milling was the earliest industrial use of . . . — Map (db m24204) HM
Virginia, Richmond — SA 94 — Sadie Heath CabanissNursing Innovator — (1865-1921)
Sadie Heath Cabaniss laid the foundation for professional nursing in Virginia and was the founder of the VCU School of Nursing in 1893. Cabaniss, who held leadership positions in both state and national nursing organizations, led the movement to . . . — Map (db m69106) HM
Virginia, Richmond — SA 37 — Saint John’s Episcopal Church
Here on 23 March 1776 Patrick Henry delivered his “Liberty or Death” speech, calling for American independence, during the second Virginia revolutionary conventions that included as members George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Peyton . . . — Map (db m1907) HM
Virginia, Richmond — SA 79 — Saint Joseph Catholic Church
In 1884, Bishop John Keane bought this property and established Saint Joseph, making it the first-known Catholic congregation organized for African Americans in Virginia. The original congregation began in the basement of the all-white Saint Peter's . . . — Map (db m24177) HM
Virginia, Richmond — SA 62 — Samuel Pleasants Parsons House
Completed in 1819, 601 Spring Street was the home of Samuel Pleasants Parsons (1783-1842). Parsons, a Quaker, was an early reform-minded superintendent (1816-1822, 1824-1832) of the Virginia State Penitentiary, formerly located across Belvidere . . . — Map (db m25948) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Samuel Preston Moore
Site of the house in which Samuel Preston Moore Surgeon General Confederate States of America lived, from 1863 to 1865 — Map (db m87355) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Second Line of the Confederate Defenses
This cannon marks the location of the Second Line of the Confederate Defenses of Richmond Placed in 1938 by the City of Richmond at the request of the Confederate Memorial Literary Society — Map (db m15510) HM
Virginia, Richmond — SA 4 — Shockoe Hill Cemetery
The City of Richmond opened Shockoe Hill Cemetery on four acres in 1822, when the burial ground of St. John’s Church approached its capacity. By 1871, Shockoe Hill had reached its current size of 12.7 acres. John Marshall (1755-1835), Chief Justice . . . — Map (db m22606) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Shockoe Hill CemeterySite of the Alms House Hospital
Shockoe Hill Cemetery (the first owned and maintained by the city of Richmond) opened in 1822. It was one of three cemeteries on Richmond’s northern edge, including the Hebrew Cemetery and a free-black and slave burial ground. Shockoe Hill was . . . — Map (db m79705) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Shockoe Hill CemeteryRevolutionary War and War of 1812 Veteran Burials
This monument is dedicated to the memory of the more than 27 Patriots of the American Revolution and 400 veterans of the War of 1812 buried in this cemetery. Their loyalty, faith, courage and self sacrifice in servicing our country preserved the . . . — Map (db m79709) WM

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