|Virginia (Roanoke County), Catawba — Audie Murphy Monument — Audie Murphy Crash Site|
|Audie Leon Murphy
June 20, 1924
May 28, 1971
Born in Kingston, Texas, died near this site in an airplane crash. America's most decorated veteran of World War II. He served in the European Theatre-15th Infantry Regiment-3rd Infantry Division and earned 24 decorations, including the Medal of Honor, Legion of Merit, Dinstinguished Service Cross and three Purple Hearts.
He is survived by his wife Pamela, and two sons, Terry Michael and James Shannon. — Map (db m58308) HM|
|Virginia (Roanoke County), Catawba — I-4 — Catawba Sanatorium|
|This institution, one mile northeast, stands on the site of the old Roanoke Red Sulpher Springs, which by 1859 was a noted summer resort. The Sanatorium was established by the General Assembly of Virginia in 1908 for the treatment of persons suffering from incipient tuberculosis. It opened its doors on July 30, 1909. The location was selected for its bracing and healthy climate. — Map (db m58328) HM|
|Virginia (Roanoke County), Hanging Rock — 100th Anniversary of Hanging Rock|
|Commemorating the 100th Anniversary of the Skirmish at Hanging Rock
June 21, 1864
Erected by the William Watts Chapter, U. D. C.
June 21, 1964 — Map (db m3844) HM|
|Virginia (Roanoke County), Hanging Rock — Battle of Hanging Rock|
Battle of Hanging Rock
June 21, 1864. — Map (db m14823) HM|
|Virginia (Roanoke County), Hanging Rock — George Morgan Jones|
|In honor of
George Morgan Jones
Citizen - Soldier
Philanthropist — Map (db m14820) HM|
|Virginia (Roanoke County), Hanging Rock — KH-7 — Hanging Rock|
|On June 31, 1864 General Hunter, retreating from defeat at Lynchburg by General Early, met Confederate forces led by General John McCausland. After losing some of his artillery here, Hunter continued his withdrawal northwest through New Castle to Lewisburg. — Map (db m3843) HM|
|Virginia (Roanoke County), Hanging Rock — Hanging Rock Battlefield Trail|
|Welcome to the Hanging Rock Battlefield Trail. This 1.6 mile linear park is the Roanoke Valley’s first rails-to-trails project converting a former railroad right-of-way into a hiking and biking trail. The project’s master plan presents an orientation and overview of the significant features of the trail. Your are standing at the north trailhead, a focal point for the interpretation of the Battle of Hanging Rock, Buzzard’s Roost, and the Virginia Scenic By-Way extending northward along on Mason . . . — Map (db m15104) HM|
|Virginia (Roanoke County), Hanging Rock — McCausland Attacks — Hanging Rock Battlefield Trail|
|Near the site, on the morning of June 21, 1864, Union Major General David Hunter’s ambulances, artillery, and supply and munitions wagons crossed the ford at Mason’s Creek. The wagon train stalled, and was left unprotected because U.S. Brig. General Alexander Duffie had moved his cavalry ahead to Catawba Mountain.
Just before 9:00 A.M., Confederate Major General Robert Ransom turned over his front-line cavalry to Confederate Brig. General John McCausland, and some sixty of those troops . . . — Map (db m15100) HM|
|Virginia (Roanoke County), Hanging Rock — The Battle of Hanging Rock — A Union Retreat Disrupted|
|On June 21, 1864, following two days of fighting at Lynchburg, Confederate Gen. Robert Ransom’s cavalry, pursuing Union Gen. David Hunter’s retreating column, engaged in a conflict that would ultimately become known as the Battle of Hanging Rock. Hunter, fearing an assault by the forces of Confederate Gen. Jubal A. Early after the Union defeat at Lynchburg, withdrew toward New Castle. His troops followed the Lynchburg-Salem Turnpike. Early sent his army in pursuit. He ordered Ransom to . . . — Map (db m4012) HM|
|Virginia (Roanoke County), Hanging Rock — The Hanging Rock Coal Trestle — Hanging Rock Battlefield Trail|
|The Hanging Rock coal trestle functioned as a coal unloading facility, and was built by the Norfolk and Western Railway in 1943 from a standard plan used for this type of structure.
At the turn of the century, most industries utilized a self-contained boiler plant that heated water for steam radiator systems and also provided hot water for hygiene and cooking. Coal was the essential fuel for such systems.
In many cases, coal was delivered directly to the consumer by hopper carloads. . . . — Map (db m15094) HM|
|Virginia (Roanoke County), Hanging Rock — Two Future Presidents In Wartime Retreat — Hanging Rock Battlefield Trail|
|On June 21, 1864, two future presidents marched with Major General David Hunter’s Army of Western Virginia on its retreat from Lynchburg to West Virginia by way of Hanging Rock and the old New Castle Turnpike.
Colonel Rutherford Birchard Hayes, who would become nineteenth president, commanded the first Brigade of Brigadier General George Crook’s Second Division. The brigade consisted of troops from West Virginia and Ohio, including the 23rd Ohio. A young captain with that regiment was . . . — Map (db m15101) HM|
|Virginia (Roanoke County), Hanging Rock — United Daughters of the Confederacy Monuments — Hanging Rock Battlefield Trail|
|When Miss Massie Garst died in 1960, she bequested the Hanging Rock and Buzzard’s Roost to the Virginia Division United Daughters of the Confederacy. She will that this site be preserved as memorial to the brave soldiers who fought and died in the Battle of Hanging Rock on June 21, 1864. Miss Garst’s home was situated near the gap where Confederate Brig. General John McCausland fired on the artillery and supply wagons of Major General David Hunter’s U.S. Army.
On June 3, 1932, the Southern . . . — Map (db m15103) HM|
|Virginia (Roanoke County), Hollins — A-79 — Hollins College|
|First chartered college for women in Virginia. Established in 1842. Led for 87 years by Charles L. Cocke and his daughter Matty L. Cocke, first women president of a Virginia College. — Map (db m18097) HM|
|Virginia (Roanoke County), Roanoke — Z-106 — Roanoke County / Botetourt County|
Area 305 Square Miles
Formed in 1838 from Botetourt and Montgomery, and probably named for the Roanoke River. General Andrew Lewis lived here. The city of Roanoke is known as the Magic City of the South.
Area 548 Square Miles
Formed in 1769 from Augusta, and named for Lord Botetourt, Governor of Virginia 1768-70. Buchanan was the western terminus of the noted James River and Kanawha Canal. — Map (db m17910) HM|