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Seminole County Florida – Historical Markers

Orange Belt Railway Marker Side 2 image, Click for more information
By Tim Fillmon, January 31, 2016
Orange Belt Railway Marker Side 2
Florida (Seminole County), Altamonte Springs — Orange Belt Railway
(side 1) The Seminole Wekiva Trail has been built for the most part on the roadbed of the Orange Belt Railway. This railroad was the lifeline of the area from Sanford to Lake Apopka from 1885 through the early part of the 20th century. . . . — Map (db m92969) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Apopka — Forest City
(side 1) The earliest settlers in this area arrived circa 1875. Among these settlers were Swedish families who relocated here from Sanford after their obligations to Gen. Sanford were met. It was known as Forest City by the time the area . . . — Map (db m92972) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Casselberry — Concord Cemetery
Three trustees established the Concord Church and Burying Ground on this site in 1885: Eliza Hartley, Georgia Hartley, and Caroline Lewis. Before that time, it is said that soldiers and Seminoles were buried here during the Seminole Wars. The . . . — Map (db m92977) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Chuluota — Chuluota
The name Chuluota, probably of Indian derivation, should be pronounced Chu' le o tah. The late Josie Jacobs Prevatt wrote: "Soon after the close of the Civil War several families residing in Whitesville, N.C. decided to move to Florida." Nine . . . — Map (db m92966) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Geneva — Fort Lane
(side 1) The Second Seminole Indian War, 1837-1841 was fought by the United States to drive the Seminole Indians from the peninsula of Florida. From his main base at Fort Mellon (Sanford) on Lake Monroe General Jesup, Army of the South . . . — Map (db m93012) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Geneva — King Philipstown/Osceola
(side 1) Here, where the St. Johns River emerges from near-by Lake Harney, stands a shell mound complex significant to the history and pre-history of Seminole County. The mound has been examined by anthropologists Daniel Britton in the . . . — Map (db m93040) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Lake Mary — Belair Historical Marker
(side 1) Belair, located between Crystal Lake and what later became known as Belair Station, a signal stop on the South Florida Railroad, was a 400 acre portion of the original 12,000 acre grant acquired by General Henry S. Sanford in 1870. . . . — Map (db m93061) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Lake Mary — First Presbyterian Church of Lake Mary
(side 1) In 1894, under the leadership of Rev. J.F. Sundell, a group of Lake Mary's founding fathers joined to form a community church. Gathering signatures of other early residents, a petition was signed and submitted by Reverend Sundell . . . — Map (db m93063) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Lake Mary — Lake Mary Historic Sites
1. Site of first store. West side of Second St. between Lake Mary Ave and Grand Bend Ave. Circa 1890 2. Site of A. E. Sjoblom general merchandise store. Between Crystal Lake Ave and South Florida Railroad at First St. Circa late 1800 3. Site of . . . — Map (db m92993) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Longwood — Historic Longwood/E.W. Henck
(side 1) Mr. E.W. Henck, a young man from Boston, arrived in this wilderness section of then Orange County in November 1872. He selected a site to homestead in what is now Historic Longwood. Intent on establishing a town, he named it . . . — Map (db m92975) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Longwood — Longwood Hotel/Bradley McIntyre House
(side 1) Tourism in Central Florida began during the 1880's when the South Florida Railroad connected Sanford with Orlando. By 1886, direct rail service from the North brought wealthy winter tourists to luxury hotels and private winter . . . — Map (db m92976) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Longwood — Seminole County
  The importance of Seminole County in the history of the area lies in its location at the navigable headwaters of the St. Johns River and the elevated forest land south of the three large lakes within its boundaries: Monroe, Harney, and Jesup. . . . — Map (db m52360) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Longwood — Seminole County
The importance of Seminole County in the history of the area lies in its location at the navigable headwaters of the St. Johns River and the elevated forest land south of the three large lakes within its boundaries: Monroe, Harney, and Jesup. . . . — Map (db m54051) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Longwood — William Bartram Trail — Traced 1773-1777 — Deep South Region
"In 1774, William Bartram, famed Naturalist, camped near here and identified a wide variety of native plants and wildlife." — Map (db m52356) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Oviedo — Jamestown
(side 1) The name "JAMESTOWN" is a tribute to Benjamin and Esther James. The James' homesteaded about 1900 on 160 acres in the area known as "The Woods" on the northern edge of the settlement of Gabriella. Mr. Ben James built a home and . . . — Map (db m92964) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Oviedo — Lake Jesup
(side 1) The Oviedo area was first referred to as the Lake Jesup Settlement. Lake Jesup's first store was built on the southern shore in 1870 by John F. Mitchell. Antonio Solary, a Jacksonville merchant, built another store with a larger . . . — Map (db m93010) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Oviedo — Oviedo
(side 1) In the late 1860's Confederate veterans and freed slaves from the war-devastated South began to move into the settlement called "the Lake Jesup Community," to be joined later by others from Northern states and from Sweden. One of . . . — Map (db m93011) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Oviedo — Slavia
In 1911 some members of Holy Trinity Slovak Lutheran Church, Cleveland, Ohio, organized the Slavia Colony Company as an agency to help them establish a settlement in the area now traversed by Red Bug Lake Road, Mikler Road and State Road 426. Early . . . — Map (db m92974) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Sanford — Citrus to Celery
At the turn of the twentieth century the City of Sanford was one of the largest fruit and vegetable shipping centers in the United States. In the 1870s, the citrus industry was an integral part of the area's economy when Henry S. Sanford established . . . — Map (db m55378) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Sanford — City of Sanford World War Memorial
Dedicated By the City of Sanford to her Sons who made the Svpreme Sacrifice In the World War A D 1926 Map (db m55695) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Sanford — Civil War — 1861-1865
In 1861, following years of increasing hostility over the issues of slavery and states' rights, slave holding states separated from the United States and formed the Confederate States of America. The Civil War (War Between the States) began April . . . — Map (db m57548) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Sanford — F-335 — Dr. Seth French (1824~1896)
  Born in Potsdam, New York on May 2, 1824, French served as a Surgeon with the 21st and 35th New York Regiments, New York Volunteers during the early years of the Civil War. In 1863 he moved to Eau Clair, Wisconsin but susceptibility to rheumatism . . . — Map (db m52228) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Sanford — Early Hospitals in Sanford
(side 1) Plant System Hospital The first hospital in Seminole County was operated by the Plant System Railroad, providing medical care for railroad employees and the community in the 1890's. It was located at West 9th Street in . . . — Map (db m93060) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Sanford — Fixed Signal
  This railroad signal device is a semaphore, originally located in Maitland on the main line of what is now the CSX Railroad. In 1880 the South Florida Railway built a narrow gauge railway between Sanford and Orlando running through Maitland. Taken . . . — Map (db m52447) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Sanford — Fort Mellon and Mellonville
During the Second Seminole War in 1836, the U.S. Army established Camp Monroe as a staging area for unloading troops and supplies. The army built the road that eventually became Mellonville Avenue to connect the camp to the river. The camp was . . . — Map (db m52159) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Sanford — Fort Mellon Park — 1837-1937
To commemorate the one hundredth anniversary of the first settlement on the shores of Lake Monroe named Fort Mellon in memory of Captain Charles Mellon who died in defense of the fort: subsequently known as Mellonville and later Sanford. — Map (db m70435) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Sanford — Fort Reid
    Fort Reid was named and established in this area during the Second Seminole War by Colonel William Harney on July 7, 1840, in honor of Robert Raymond Reid, Fourth Territorial Governor of Florida. Stationed here between July 1840 and January 1841 . . . — Map (db m52162) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Sanford — Fort Reid 1836
Established as a commissary and soldiers camp for Fort Mellon — Map (db m93042) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Sanford — George C. Means Memorial Bridge
(side 1) Crossing the St. Johns River at Lake Jesup impacted both travelers and the environment over the years. Prior to 1900, people and goods were almost exclusively transported on the St. Johns by steamboat, with several large wharves . . . — Map (db m93041) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Sanford — Georgetown
The community of Georgetown, a suburb east of Sanford Avenue, and north of Celery Avenue was established circa 1870. It was comprised of lots sold by Henry Sanford to the early black pioneers who had made their way from Virginia, the Carolinas, West . . . — Map (db m54205) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Sanford — Georgetown and Goldsboro
African Americans were first brought to the Sanford area by slave-holding families settling in the Fort Mellon area during the 1840s. Later in the nineteenth century, Henry Sanford welcomed black residents to his city when it was established in 1870 . . . — Map (db m54203) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Sanford — Goldsboro
The west Sanford community of Goldsboro, at the turn of the 21st century, is home to more than 4,000 people, was the second Florida town incorporated by black citizens. William Clark opened a store in 1886 in the village of Goldsboro and on December . . . — Map (db m54206) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Sanford — F-5 — Henry Shelton Sanford — Grove and Experimental Gardens
In this vicinity Henry Shelton Sanford, pioneer citrus grower, established the St. Gertrude grove in 1871. There, and at his Belair grove and experimental gardens, he advanced the industry through development of some 140 types of citrus. The Sanford . . . — Map (db m52220) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Sanford — Hotel Forrest Lake
Known by local residents as the "Mayfair," this three-story Mediterranean Revival hotel was built in 1925. It was named after Forrest Lake, at the time the mayor of the City of Sanford, who commissioned its construction for one-half million dollars. . . . — Map (db m55379) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Sanford — Korean War — 1950-1953
At the end of World War II, Korea was divided into two parts, north and south, at the 38th parallel. Troops from the Soviet Union occupied the north and the United States forces occupied the south with the intention of eventually unifying the . . . — Map (db m74149) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Sanford — Lake Monroe Bridge
Front The Lake Monroe Bridge was the first electrically operated swing bridge in Florida. In 1932-33 the State used federal assistance to build this bridge, which replaced a wooden toll bridge that was manually operated. The construction of . . . — Map (db m45490) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Sanford — Marina Isle
Marina Isle was designated by the City of Sanford in 1964 to improve the boat basin created by Memorial Park and the Palmetto Avenue Jetty. The 13 acre, $2 million dollar island was built with fill pumped from the bottom of Lake Monroe. The design . . . — Map (db m55355) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Sanford — Mayfair Country Club
(front) The Mayfair Country Club is a portion of a 20,000 acre tract of land purchased in 1848 for $40.00 by General Joseph Finegan, who later became the commander of the Confederate forces in their victory at Olustee, Florida. In 1870 . . . — Map (db m93066) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Sanford — FL-SC017 — Naval Air Station - Sanford
In November 1942, NAS Sanford was commissioned to meet the need for additional naval aviation training facilities. Originally planned for bomber training, within a year it converted to fighter plane training. A major portion of fighter pilots that . . . — Map (db m46608) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Sanford — Old Folks Home
This structure built in 1926 is believed to be the only county "Old Folks Home" still standing in Florida. The unique exterior finish called "pebble dash" qualified the building to be listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1999. In . . . — Map (db m52413) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Sanford — Oviedo Turntable — The Oviedo Turntable was located on the "Dinky Line"
  In October of 1890 the Osceola & Lake Jesup Railway extended its line ten miles, from Oviedo to Winter Park. This line was known as the "Coffee Pot" or "Dinky Line." In 1891 this line became part of the East Florida and Atlantic Railroad, and . . . — Map (db m52417) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Sanford — Rollins College — Florida's Oldest Institution of Higher Education
Was on 28 April 1885 Incorporated, organized and named in the Lyman Bank Bldg., southwest corner of Park and First Streets here in Sanford by Rev. E. P. Hooker D. D. Rev. J. A. Tomlinson Hon. F. W. Lyman Rev. S. D. Smith To commemorate the . . . — Map (db m55354) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Sanford — Sanford High School/Sanford Grammar/Student Museum
(side 1) Sanford High School was built in 1902. This Romanesque Revival Style brick building with its massive three story bell tower was designed by Architect W.G. Talley of Jacksonville. The building is one of the few surviving examples in . . . — Map (db m93044) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Sanford — Sanford Railroad Historical Data
(Front side): Sanford railroading had its physical beginning January 10, 1880 when former President U. S. Grant broke ground near this spot for the South Florida RR. The South Florida RR operated from 1880-1886, its name successively changed . . . — Map (db m54048) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Sanford — Sanford State Farmers' Market
On December 19, 1934, the first state owned Farmers' Market in the nation was dedicated on this site at the corner of 13th and French Avenue, Sanford, Florida. Located on 20 acres acquired by the City of Sanford and Seminole County from Alec V. and . . . — Map (db m52232) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Sanford — Sanford's First Residents
Over 1,000 years ago, the Timucua (tee-MOO-quo) people established villages in this area. They fished, hunted, and grew crops such as maize, squash, and beans. By the 1700s, the Timucuans began to disappear as they succumbed to war and disease . . . — Map (db m55389) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Sanford — Second Seminole War — 1835-1842
The Second Seminole War was the most costly war, in lives and money, ever fought by the United States government against Native Americans. This second of three wars resulted from the Treaty of Payne's Landing in 1832 which required the Seminoles to . . . — Map (db m57542) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Sanford — Seminole County Courthouses
Mosquito County was established in 1824 by the U.S. Legislative Council. Mosquito County's name was changed to Orange in 1845. Seminole County was established in 1913 by the Florida Legislature when it was partitioned from Orange County, with . . . — Map (db m52365) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Sanford — Seminole County World War Monument
(Base: front side)Dedicated to the Memory of the brave sons of Seminole County who laid their lives on the sacrificial altar of Democracy in the World War 1914 — 1918 (Base: right side)Erected and presented to Seminole . . . — Map (db m55694) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Sanford — Site of Fort Mellon
Formerly Camp Fanning where on February 8, 1837 during one of the fiercest battles of the Seminole Wars Capt. Mellon Commandant was killed in an attack of 400 braves led by King Philip and Coacoochee — Map (db m52142) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Sanford — St. James African Methodist Episcopal Church — Erected - 1910-1913 — 819 Cypress Avenue
Saint James African Methodist Episcopal (A.M.E.) Church has been located on Cypress Avenue since 1880 on land purchased from General Henry S. Sanford. The current structure was designed by Prince W. Spears and built in 1910-1913. The design of the . . . — Map (db m54207) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Sanford — St. Johns River and Lake Monroe
Sanford sits on the southern shore of Lake Monroe in the middle basin of the St. Johns River. The river rises in the marshes of Indian River County and flows slowly north 310 miles to Jacksonville and the Atlantic Ocean. The river spreads out in a . . . — Map (db m55396) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Sanford — Steamboats
Where you are standing is the site of the first Central Florida's established expressway. Steamboat navigation on the St. Johns River provided the entry to Central Florida during the 19th century. During the Second Seminole War (1835-42) the US . . . — Map (db m52389) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Sanford — The Bishop Block — Erected - 1887 — 301-309 East First Street
Construction began in December 1887 by Captain J.O. Northesag, of New York, for the owner J.N. Bishop. Completion in 1888 made the Bishop Block a significant structure of Sanford's downtown commercial district. It was originally occupied by a . . . — Map (db m53222) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Sanford — The Brumley - Puleston Building — Erected - 1922 — 100 East First Street
The contractor, George A. Fuller, who was also the builder of the Lincoln Memorial, the FlatIron Building, and the New York Biltmore Hotel, started construction on this building in 1922 for Dr. L.A. Brumley and Dr. Samuel Puleston. The first . . . — Map (db m53591) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Sanford — The DeForest Block — Erected - 1887 — 121 East First Street
The DeForest Block, built in 1887, was Mr. Henry L. DeForest's first brick building in the downtown commercial district. It is one of the oldest brick buildings in Sanford and the only one that survived the disastrous fire of 1887. One of the . . . — Map (db m53316) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Sanford — The DeForest Building — Erected - 1889 — 104 East First Street
After construction in 1889, the DeForest Building, named for its owner Henry L. DeForest, became one of Sanford's original structures in the late nineteenth century commercial district. This was Mr. DeForest's second downtown building. The city . . . — Map (db m53309) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Sanford — The E. E. Brady Livery Stable — Erected - 1890 — 113 South Palmetto Avenue
Built between 1890 and 1895, this small building originally housed a blacksmith and wagon shop. From 1910 to 1914, E.E. Brady ran a livery, feed, and sales barn here. By 1916 this building was serving as the Seminole County Jail. It later served as . . . — Map (db m53223) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Sanford — The First National Bank No. 1 — Erected - 1883 — 101 West First Street
Constructed in 1883, this building was originally the Lyman Bank and is the oldest brick building in the downtown commercial district. The bank was reorganized as the First National Bank of Sanford and in 1908 the building was remodeled. The . . . — Map (db m53553) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Sanford — The First National Bank No. 2 — Erected - 1922 — 101 East First Street
The First National Bank opened for business in this building on October 4, 1923. Designed by the New York form of Mowbray and Uffinger and constructed by the George A. Fuller Co., this six story building was Sanford's first "skyscraper". This was . . . — Map (db m53555) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Sanford — The Gate City of South Florida
In 1842, the U.S. Government began to encourage settlers to relocate to Florida by offering free land. Settlers came from all along the east coast, mostly Georgia, Virginia, and the Carolinas. In 1870 Henry Sanford acquired 12,548 acres of land at . . . — Map (db m55441) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Sanford — The Henry B. Lord Building — Erected - 1895 — 112 South Park Avenue
This small one story rectangular building was built between 1890 and 1895. Constructed of brick, it has a flat roof with a parapet. The exterior is covered with ceramic tile, stucco and metal lath which mask the early wood storefront. However, the . . . — Map (db m53317) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Sanford — The Hill Hardware Building — Erected - 1917 — 108 South Magnolia Avenue
This building was erected in 1917 by the Directors of the Seminole County Bank shortly after the adjacent bank building facing First Street was completed. It was constructed of brick and stucco and intended to provide room for two stores downstairs . . . — Map (db m53307) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Sanford — The Imperial Opera House — Erected - 1910 — 119 South Magnolia Avenue
Sanford's center for entertainment, the Imperial Opera House opened June 15, 1910. The contractor W.G. Hammond built the building for the owners T.J. Miller and son. George A. DeCottes was the first lessee of this building which replaced a barn-like . . . — Map (db m53292) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Sanford — The Meisch Building — Erected - 1923 — 224 East First Street
When constructed in 1923 the Meisch building was considered a typical example of American commercial architecture. It was designed by W.B. Talley, and built by R.J. Gallespie for the Sanford Investment Co., John Meisch, President. The materials were . . . — Map (db m53082) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Sanford — The N.P. Yowell and the Garner-Woodruff Buildings — Erected - 1910 — 200-208 East First Street
the N.P. Yowell Building was built in 1910 for a prominent Orlando merchant of the same name. It was designed by Jacksonville architect W.B. Talley, and built by George Venable. When opened, it was a dry goods store. Built at the same time was an . . . — Map (db m53308) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Sanford — The Peoples Bank Building and Block — Erected - 1905-1910 — 201-203 East First Street
The Peoples Bank building, on the Southeast corner of First Street and Magnolia Avenue, was completed in 1906 and was the most modern building in this block. The Peoples Bank opened its doors on August 30, 1906. It was built by the contractor W.G. . . . — Map (db m53246) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Sanford — The PICO Block — Erected - 1887 — 114 West First Street
The PICO block was completed about 1887 for Henry B. Plant, President of the Plant Investment Company (PICO) and served as the company offices. The remains of a carriageway may be seen on the west side along Oak Avenue which was originally Railroad . . . — Map (db m53597) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Sanford — The PICO Hotel, Restaurant, and Stores — Erected - 1887 — 209 North Oak Avenue 200 North Park Avenue
Built as a hotel in 1887 for Henry B. Plant, President of the Plant Investment Co. (PICO), the PICO Building served as a terminal hotel for the railroads and two river steamers owned by Plant that served Sanford. The architect was W.T. Cotter of . . . — Map (db m53606) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Sanford — The Sanford Herald Building — Erected - 1910 — 107 South Magnolia Avenue
This two story building was built in 1910. It served the Sanford Herald, a newspaper that began publication in 1908, as offices and printing room. The architect and builder was W.G. Hammond. The Sanford Lodge of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows . . . — Map (db m53247) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Sanford — The U.S. Post Office — Erected - 1917 — 230 East First Street
The U.S. Post Office Building was built in 1917 by Algernon Blair of Montgomery, Alabama with James Wetmore serving as the supervising architect. The Post Office opened for business August 1, 1918. It is typical of buildings constructed by the U.S. . . . — Map (db m53081) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Sanford — The Whalers Saloon — Erected - 1887 — 112 South Palmetto Avenue
Finished in 1887, this building was built by Colonel A.M. Thrasher who was President of the Sanford Ice and Cold Storage Company. It originally housed a saloon and a sporting goods store. The Romanesque Revival architecture style is typical of many . . . — Map (db m53226) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Sanford — Upsala Swedish Community
This site was the center of the earliest and largest Swedish community in Florida. Located here were the Scandinavian Society Lutheran Church; its cemetery; and a meeting house, which also served as a school until 1904. In May 1871 thirty-three . . . — Map (db m93062) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Sanford — Veterans Memorial Park
Veterans Memorial Park was built in 1924 as part of the bulkhead project along Sanford's waterfront. The original park was built as the city pier and yacht basin. The park had a large concrete bandshell and a flagpole with a tiered fountain at its . . . — Map (db m55499) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Sanford — Vietnam War — 1954-1975
The Vietnam War began when Vietnamese nationalists ended one hundred years of colonial rule by forcing the French out of the country. The 1954 Geneva Peace Accords divided the country into North and South Vietnam to separate the opposing groups . . . — Map (db m57568) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Sanford — World War II — 1939-1945
World War II began in September 1939 when Germany, under Adolph Hitler, invaded Poland. England and France declared war on Germany. Italy, led by Benito Mussolini, allied with Germany and most of Europe quickly came under the control of invading . . . — Map (db m75246) HM
Florida (Seminole County), Winter Springs — Wagner
(side 1) In the 1870's, four wharfs were built on the south shores of Lake Jessup. Steamships came into Lake Jesup bringing goods and supplies to settlers throughout central Florida. Later, railroad stops connected this area with other . . . — Map (db m92967) HM

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