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Stafford County Virginia Historical Markers

 
Civilian Conservation Corps and two other Markers image, Click for more information
By Kevin White, August 30, 2007
Civilian Conservation Corps and two other Markers
Virginia (Stafford County), Berea — E-85 — Civilian Conservation Corps Company 2363
Here at Berea, during the Great Depression, was the site of Civilian Conservation Corps Company 2363. This camp, one of many in Virginia, was organized in 1935 and disbanded in 1940. During its existance, the company strung farm fences, planted . . . — Map (db m2217) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Berea — N-4 — Fredericksburg Campaign
Frustrated by the Army of the Potomac’s lack of progress, President Abraham Lincoln replaced army commander Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan with Maj. Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside, who assumed command on 9 Nov. 1862. Within a week, he had the army marching . . . — Map (db m2216) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Berea — Hulls Memorial Baptist Church
Site of the Original Hulls Memorial Baptist Church Founded 1888 Erected 1897 — Map (db m4849) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Berea — Milton Snellings
Dedicated to the Memory of Milton Snellings General President 1916-1921 By the International Union of Operating Engineers Snellings 1870 - 1921 — Map (db m4842) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Berea — Original Bell of Hulls Memorial Baptist Church
This bell was taken from the Old Church Building and placed here by Elsie S. Truslow in memory of her husband Hansford Bryan Truslow 1896 - 1959 — Map (db m4858) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Berea — N-6 — The Mud March
In Jan. 1863, after the Federal defeat at the First Battle of Fredericksburg on 13 Dec., Maj. Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside sought to restore the army’s morale by crossing the Rappahannock River at Banks’s Ford two miles south and attacking the rear of . . . — Map (db m2215) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Brooke — Aquia LandingThe Railroad
The straight, level road you used to get here was once the bed of the Richmond, Fredericksburg, and Potomac Railroad. As its name implies, the railroad ran from Richmond, through Fredericksburg, to the Potomac River, ending here at Aquia landing. . . . — Map (db m2200) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Brooke — Aquia LandingNaval Engagement
Within weeks after Virginia seceded from the Union in the spring of 1861, state troops began fortifying Aquia Landing. One artillery battery was established on the waterfront while additional batteries, like this one, covered the landing from nearby . . . — Map (db m2201) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Brooke — Aquia LandingSupply Base for the Union Army
Aquia Landing’s location on the Potomac River, coupled with its access to the R.F.&P. Railroad, made it an important supply base for the Union army. Food, clothing and other equipment were shipped down the Potomac River, unloaded here, and sent to . . . — Map (db m3678) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Brooke — J-92 — Aquia Landing
The Richmond, Fredericksburg and Potomac Railroad was extended to its terminus here at Aquia Landing in 1846. By steamboat and railroad, travelers from Washington, D.C., to Richmond could complete in 9 hours a journey that took 38 hours by . . . — Map (db m3680) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Brooke — Battle of Aquia Landing
This gun emplacement participated in the first significant battle of the Civil War between the U.S. Navy and Batteries of the Rebel State on May 31 and June 1, 1861. Colonel William C. Bate of the Tennessee (Walker) Legion successfully manned four 3 . . . — Map (db m2249) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Brooke — Brooke, Virginia
In 1921, Jethro Kloss opened this Health Food Factory. It was on this site that he started writing “Back to Eden” the ground-breaking guide to herbal therapy. Jethro Kloss is considered by many to be the father of the organic health . . . — Map (db m2193) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Brooke — Union Redoubt # 3
Established on this spot in February of 1863, by New York troops of the 12th Corps, 2nd Division, Army of the Potomac, Redoubt #3 was manned by up to 100 soldiers and supported by 4 rifled artillery pieces. It guarded the approaches to the Union . . . — Map (db m2192) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Brooke — Union Redoubt No. 3Aquia Creek Landing Defenses, 1863
On the ridge to the north stood the third of three large fortifications or redoubts built during February and March of 1863 by the Army of the Potomac. This redoubt protected Aquia Landing and the nearby camps of the Union 12th Corps. The . . . — Map (db m2191) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Brooke — Union XIIth Corps Winter Camp
In the woods on this hill are the remains of a regimental-sized union infantry winter camp. A New York regiment of the 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, most likely occupied this camp, the remains clearly visible and run in most cases in lines from the . . . — Map (db m39548) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Brookfield — N 34 — Gen. Hooker's Headquarters
Just northeast, Maj. Gen. Joseph Hooker, commander of the Union Army of the Potomac, kept his headquarters, Jan. - June 1863, amid a vast city of tents and camps. It was here he rehabilitated he Union army after its catastrophic defeat in the First . . . — Map (db m9216) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Chatham Heights — A “Picture of Desolation”
“ Tis a perfect picture of desolation, and a sad illustration of the ravages of war.”          —Newspaper correspondent, 1863 Union soldiers loll around Chatham in this February 1863 photograph. The scene here was . . . — Map (db m4655) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Chatham Heights — A Bloody Crossing
Church bells in Fredericksburg tolled 3 a.m. on December 11, 1862, as Union engineers wrestled pontoon boats toward the river's edge in front of you. They intended to use the boats to construct two of the six floating bridges that the Army of the . . . — Map (db m4725) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Chatham Heights — Between Battles
As the spring of 1863 brought green to the countryside and fish up the river, the legions of civil strife faced each other cheerfully across the Rappahannock. After the slaughter of Fredericksburg, the embattled brothers held off death for the time. . . . — Map (db m4726) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Chatham Heights — J-60 — Chatham
Here is Chatham, built about 1750 by William Fitzhugh. Here Robert E. Lee came to court his wife. In the battle of Fredericksburg, December 13, 1862, the house was occupied by General Sumner. It was General Hooker’s headquarters for a time, 1863. — Map (db m1670) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Chatham Heights — Chatham
This expansive estate and its impressive Georgian dwelling have dominated Stafford Heights overlooking Fredericksburg for over two centuries. William Fitzhugh, a wealthy landowner from Virginia's Northern Neck, completed construction of his new . . . — Map (db m4719) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Chatham Heights — Chatham and the Civil War
The Civil War focused national attention on Chatham, which became known as the Lacy House after its wartime owner, J. Horace, Lacy. Federal troops first occupied Fredericksburg in the sping of 1862 and their commander, Maj. Gen. Irvin McDowell, was . . . — Map (db m4718) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Chatham Heights — E 45 — Fredericksburg
Fredericksburg was established in 1728 and named for Frederick Louis, Prince of Wales and eldest son of King George II. It served as the county seat of Spotsylvania County from 1732 to 1778 and was an important port during the colonial era. In his . . . — Map (db m2206) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Chatham Heights — Fredericksburg Campaign
Ambrose E. Burnside's Union army had found existing bridges destroyed, and now R. E. Lee's Confederates awaited attack on high ground beyond Fredericksburg. On December 11, 1862, the Union engineers shivered in the early morning as they broke a skim . . . — Map (db m4723) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Chatham Heights — Lincoln's Review
During the Civil War Chatham saw soldiers of both Northern and Southern armies come and go. The presence of Union troops this far south often attracted the attention of officials in Washington and this vicinity witnessed three reviews between 1862 . . . — Map (db m4717) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Chatham Heights — Pontoon Bridges
At Fredericksburg, the Union army crosseed the Rappahannock River by means of temporary, floating bridges built upon pontoons. In front of you is a reconstructed section of such a bridge, built to eighty percent of its original size. More than . . . — Map (db m4724) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Chatham Heights — Union Soldiers View
Union soldiers and officers gazing upon Fredericksburg from this spot in 1862 saw many of the same landmarks visible today. The skyline of this peaceful river town, population 4,500 in 1860, is still dominated by the three steeples of City Hall and . . . — Map (db m4721) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Daffan — Potomac Creek Bridge“Beanpoles and Cornstalks”
The mounds of earth beside you and the stone blocks protruding from it are all that remain of the south abutment of a bridge that once carried the Richmond, Fredericksburg and Potomac Railroad across Potomac Creek. During the first year of the Civil . . . — Map (db m2194) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Falmouth — "Lest We Forget"
In memory of those from Stafford County who served during the Civil War "Lest We Forget" Map (db m6800) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Falmouth — A Changed Landscape
The sketch below, done by a Union soldier, shows the landscape in front of you as it looked in 1863. During the Civil War, this was the rear of Chatham—a functional space unadorned with gardens or architectural finery. Union soldiers had cut . . . — Map (db m35387) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Falmouth — A Sad Duty to Perform
His second day of freedom, Former Slave John Washington wrote about seeing the “side-by-side” burial of seven Union soldiers April 19th, 1862, in Falmouth’s Union Church Cemetery. “The soldiers had a sad duty to . . . — Map (db m49673) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Falmouth — E 133 — Anthony Burns(1834 ~ 1862)
Anthony Burns was born into slavery in Stafford County. In 1854 Burns escaped from Richmond, where he had been hired out, to Boston. His owner demanded his return under the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850. Burns' arrest on 24 May 1854 inspired . . . — Map (db m92728) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Falmouth — Beleaguered Town
Union soldiers and officers gazing upon Fredericksburg from this spot in 1862 saw many of the same landmarks visible today. The skyline of this peaceful river town, population 5,000 in 1860, is still dominated by the three steeples of City Hall and . . . — Map (db m35390) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Falmouth — Bethlehem Primitive Baptist Church
Organized 1868 by Rev. York Johnson, an ex-slave, who with 27 others separated from White Oak Primitive Baptist Church. Rev. Johnson, assisted by The Freedmen Bureau, established a benevolent organization "The Union Branch of the True Vine" and . . . — Map (db m77354) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Falmouth — Beyond the Big House
Slaves did virtually all the work that kept Chatham worthy of its widespread reputation for productivity, elegance, and hospitality. Before the Civil War, it’s unlikely that white residents ever amounted to more than 20 percent of Chatham’s . . . — Map (db m35386) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Falmouth — Bombardment
When Confederate sharpshooters blocked his efforts to span the Rappahannock River with pontoon bridges, General Ambrose E. Burnside ordered his artillery to bombard the town. For eight hours more than one hundred cannon, some as large as the . . . — Map (db m35392) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Falmouth — Caretaker CottageGari Melchers Home and Studio — Belmont
From construction of the main house ca. 1880, until the end of the Civil War, life at Belmont was intertwined with the institution of slavery. An 1815 Falmouth property list shows that then resident Susannah Knox owned four slaves over age 12. . . . — Map (db m97372) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Falmouth — Chatham
Chatham has watched quietly over Fredericksburg for almost 250 years—an imposing, 180-foot-long brick manor house once visible from much of town. It has witnessed great events and played host to important people. George Washington, Thomas . . . — Map (db m35385) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Falmouth — Civil War Observation Balloon Site
This site, once part of the Phillips property and occupied by the Union Army in the winter of 1862-1863 became the launch site for Aeronaut Thaddeus Lowe reconnaissance balloons. The tethered balloon Eagle with General Edwin Sumner's staff officer, . . . — Map (db m76275) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Falmouth — Conway House
Conway House was the home of Moncure Conway who freed himself from the dogmas of his culture and became an abolitionist. He is the only descendent of one of our nation’s Founding Fathers to actively lead escaping slaves to freedom, thereby . . . — Map (db m23147) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Falmouth — Duff McDuff Green Memorial Park
The Green family was established in Virginia when Duff McFuff Green's great-great grandfather, Robert Green, settled in Orange County in 1710. Duff McDuff Green was born in Stafford county on 2 August 1832 to Capt. Duff Green and Elizabeth Ann Payne . . . — Map (db m76690) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Falmouth — Falmouth
Approximately one mile east at the junction of U.S. Route 17 and U.S. Route 1 is the town of Falmouth, which was established at the falls of the Rappahannock River and incorporated in 1727. Although a small town, Falmouth was one of the most . . . — Map (db m48761) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Falmouth — Falmouth Railroad StationStafford, Virginia
During the Civil War, a railroad station stood on this site. The station consisted of a warehouse, a platform, quartermaster tents, and several sidings. Trains arrived and departed on the hour traveling to and from Aquia Landing. The station . . . — Map (db m75944) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Falmouth — Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park
Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Wilderness, and Spotsylvania—this is the bloodiest landscape in North America. No place more vividly reflects the Civil War’s tragic cost in all its forms. A city bombarded, bloodied, and looted. Farms large . . . — Map (db m35378) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Falmouth — Freedom Began HereTrail to Freedom
”The soldier assured me that I was now a free man…I never would be a slave no more.” - John Washington, a Fredericksburg slave ”Our camps are now flooded with negroes, with packs on their backs and bound for . . . — Map (db m32391) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Falmouth — Gari Melchers Home and Studio"Belmont"
Overlooking the Falls of the Rappahannock River on a major 17th and 18th century trade route, this site became the setting for the artist's internationally acclaimed early 20th century paintings celebrating the lives and character of the citizens . . . — Map (db m77688) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Falmouth — E 47 — Historic Falmouth
Founded in 1727 as a trading center for the Northern Neck. Hunter’s iron works here were an objective in the Virginia campaign of 1781. The Army of the Potomac camped here from November, 1862 to June, 1863 and moved hence to Chancellorsville and . . . — Map (db m1671) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Falmouth — Hobby School
In 1930, this 1880s log cabin was moved to its present location from the corner of Butler Road and Carter Street. The Falmouth historic community saved it with the help of noted architect Edward Donn, for they believed it was similar to the type of . . . — Map (db m49662) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Falmouth — E-116 — Hunter’s Iron Works
Located south of here on the Rappahannock River, stood Hunter’s Iron Works, founded by James Hunter and was in operation by the 1750s. With the outbreak of the American Revolution, the Rappahannock Forge there supplied the Continental army and navy . . . — Map (db m2729) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Falmouth — James HunterPatriot — 1721 - 1785
Owner of the famed Hunter Iron Works in Stafford County, which manufactured most of the camp utensils and weapons for the Virginia forces during the Revolutionary War. A true patriot, he received little, if any, compensation. — Map (db m32392) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Falmouth — Magistrate’s Office
The Magistrate’s Office is the oldest existing municipal building in Stafford County. Originally built for the town of Falmouth, the structure has been used as a courthouse (magistrate’s office) and voting place. Traditionally referred to as the . . . — Map (db m2545) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Falmouth — N 36 — Moncure Daniel Conway
Nearby to the northwest is the childhood home of renowned abolitionist, writer, and lecturer Moncure Daniel Conway (1832-1907). In 1838 his family moved into this Federal-style house. Conway graduated from Dickinson College in 1849 and Harvard . . . — Map (db m1676) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Falmouth — OlympiansStafford, Virginia
Three Stafford High graduates competed in the 1992 Olympics in Barcelona, Spain. Jeff Rouse won a gold and a silver medal swimming. Mark Lenzi received a gold medal in diving. Conrad Adams was the captain of the U.S. Olympic Pentathlon Team. In . . . — Map (db m75946) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Falmouth — On this site in 1862...
Guard Duty in Falmouth: Eight members of Company "F" 2nd Regt. U.S. Sharpshooters pose for a photograph in front of the O'Bannon House on Caroline St. (current day Butler Road) in Falmouth, Virginia, about May or June of 1862. They are . . . — Map (db m36873) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Falmouth — Shelton Cottage
This cottage is an example of an 18th century working man's home and was named for the family that owned it for several generations. A unique feature of the cottage is a central fireplace, more commonly seen in New England. — Map (db m76276) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Falmouth — Sow…Tend…Harvest
For most of its existence, Chatham had an unchanging rhythm: sow, tend, and harvest, each according to the crop. Most of Chatham’s slaves lived out their lives to this seasonal cadence, year after year. More than 50 enslaved workers—sometimes . . . — Map (db m35389) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Falmouth — The Forlorn Hope
“A group of soldiers detached from the main group for a very dangerous mission.” On December 11, 1862, from the north side of the Rappahannock River in Stafford County, the 7th Michigan Infantry led an amphibious assault . . . — Map (db m23146) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Falmouth — Welcome To Our TrailsGari Melchers Home and Studio — Belmont
The trails at Gari Melchers Home and Studio at Belmont fulfill the wishes of Corinne Melchers, who hoped visitors could someday walk the estate’s beautiful woods and riverside setting. One-and-a-half miles of paths cover a varied terrain to the . . . — Map (db m97375) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Ferry Farm — J 102 — Creek Delegation in Fredericksburg
In July 1790 a delegation of Creek Indians from Georgia, headed by Muskogee leader Alexander McGillivray, made their temporary headquarters nearby on their way to New York City. President George Washington invited them to treaty negotiations to . . . — Map (db m1673) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Ferry Farm — George Washington Boyhood Home Site
has been designated a National Historic Landmark This site possesses national significance in commemorating the history of the United States of AmericaKnown as Ferry Far, the primary home of George Washington from 1738-1754, this site is . . . — Map (db m14414) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Ferry Farm — J 61 — George Washington’s Childhood Home
The Washington family moved to a plantation here in 1738 when George Washington was six years old. Along with his three brothers and sister, young Washington spent most of his early life here, where, according to popular fable, he cut down his . . . — Map (db m1708) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Ferry Farm — The Civil War at Ferry Farm
George Washington's Ferry Farm, seen here from the opposite side of the river, was in the middle of the Union lines during the Battle of Fredericksburg in December 1862. On December 11th Union engineers began building a pontoon bridge at the ferry . . . — Map (db m14458) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Ferry Farm — The Ferries
The Washington plantation was located at one of the main river crossings. A ferry was established in 1726 a few hundred yards downstream from here. This ferry was the setting for one of the most enduring stories about Washington's childhood. In his . . . — Map (db m14457) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Ferry Farm — The Washington Plantation
The Washington plantation consisted of two farms: the Home House Farm, where the family lived, and a quarter, (outlying farm) located to the east. The main crops were corn, wheat, and tobacco. The plantation complex included the Washington house, a . . . — Map (db m14455) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Fredericksburg — Camp PitcherHistory at Leeland Station
Following its defeat at the Battle of Fredericksburg in December 1862, the Union Army of the Potomac went into winter quarters in Stafford County. Here at Bell-Air (the nearly 400-acre estate of Abraham Primmer, which the Leeland Station community . . . — Map (db m33406) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Fredericksburg — J 93 — Little Falls
On 11 December 1862, Union engineers began the construction of pontoon bridges here so the army could cross the Rappahannock River to Fredericksburg. They began in the morning, hidden by fog. Soon the fog lifted, however, and Confederate . . . — Map (db m1674) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Fredericksburg — Mud March
In early January 1863, General Ambrose E. Burnside strategized to out-flank Confederate forces by crossing the Rappahannock at Bank’s Ford, well upstream of Fredericksburg. His advance was brought to an abrupt halt when a vicious winter storm . . . — Map (db m66251) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Fredericksburg — Union Army Ninth Corps
In the winter of 1863-1863, following the Battle of Fredericksburg, Colonel Edward Harland’s Union brigade camped on this site. Six infantry regiments comprised the brigade: the 4th Rhode Island and the 8th, 11th, 15th, 16th and 21st Connecticut. . . . — Map (db m84926) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Fredericksburg — War Balloons
During the Civil War, both the Union and Confederate armies performed reconnaissance while suspended from Hot Air Balloons. The Union Army’s use of balloons began in the summer of 1861. After observing civilian balloonist Thaddeus Lowe float in a . . . — Map (db m66253) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Garrisonville — Ebenezer Cemetery
(Left Gate Structure) Ebenezer Cemetery This gate was donated by those below in loving memory of family and friends buried here. Billy & Mary Ann Gallahan, Jack Garrison, Russell & Barbara Decatur, James T Edwards, Kenneth & Darlene . . . — Map (db m2553) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Garrisonville — Shiloh Old Site Baptist Church
Established in 1870 by purchasing one acre of land from E. G. Phillip for $1.00. The first Pastor, Reverend Horace Crutcher, served as pastor for 38 years. The first church was bush harbor, the second a log building. In 1894 a frame structure was . . . — Map (db m78364) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Hartwood — N-5 — Cavalry Affairs
Near here Wade Hampton with a small cavalry force surprised and captured 5 officers and 87 men of the Third Pennsylvania Cavalry, November 28, 1862. At that time Burnside was moving toward Fredericksburg. On February 25, 1863, Fitz Lee, on a . . . — Map (db m2355) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Hartwood — E-17 — Gold Mining in Stafford County
Near here are located ten of the nineteenth century gold mines of Stafford County. The best-known were the Eagle, Rattlesnake (Horse Pen), Lee, New Hope, and Monroe mines. The Eagle Gold Mining Company, Rappahannock Gold Mine Company of New York, . . . — Map (db m2239) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Hartwood — E-126 — Hartwood Presbyterian Church
Organized in June 1825 by the Winchester Presbytery as Yellow Chapel Church, the brick church was constructed between 1857 and 1859. It became Hartwood Presbyterian Church in 1868. During the Civil War an engagement took place here on 25 Feb. 1863. . . . — Map (db m2232) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Hartwood — Hartwood Presbyterian ChurchThe Writing on the Wall
This is Hartwood Presbyterian Church, which Federal troops occupied during the Civil War. They removed and burned all the woodwork, leaving only the bare plaster walls. On November 24, 1862, Capt. George Johnson, 3rd Pennsylvania Cavalry, arrived . . . — Map (db m19718) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Leeland — History at Leeland StationBelle Air
Near this spot stood Belle Air, a prominent Stafford County landmark and home of the Fitzhugh and Primmer families. John Fitzhugh first constructed a house here in the mid-eighteenth century, but by 1854, when the property was sold to Abram Primmer, . . . — Map (db m5062) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Leeland — Land for God's Work
Placed here in recognition of Don and Jane Greenawalt's Donation of this Land for God's Work — Map (db m5059) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Little Falls — E-138 — Sherwood Forest
Sherwood Forest, also known as the Fitzhugh House, was built just northeast of here in the first half of the 19th century. During the Civil War, Union forces used the property as communications center and observation post most notably in . . . — Map (db m97812) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Quantico Marine Corps Base — 10th Special Basic Class
In Memory of these brave Marine Lieutenants of the 10th Special Basic Class who trained here from September 1951 – February 1952. They gallantly gave their lives for their country and Corps during the Korean conflict.      John L. . . . — Map (db m2912) WM
Virginia (Stafford County), Quantico Marine Corps Base — 13th Special Basic Course (1952)
The 13th Special Basic Course (1952) has erected this monument to honor its members who were killed in the Korean War and to remind those who follow us into the ranks of Marine Corps Officers of their awesome responsibility to our Country, the . . . — Map (db m2852) WM
Virginia (Stafford County), Quantico Marine Corps Base — 5th Special Basic Class
(obverse) This monument is dedicated to the 5th Special Basic Class comprised entirely of Marines from the ranks and the first to be based at Camp Barrett 26 May 1951 – 8 September 1951 (reverse) Buried under this . . . — Map (db m2857) WM
Virginia (Stafford County), Quantico Marine Corps Base — 6th Marine Division Medal of Honor Recipients
Okinawa Semper Fidelis Dedicated to the 6th Marine Division Medal of Honor Recipients      Corporal      Richard E. Bush,                U.S.M.C.      Major           Henry A. Courtney,   Jr.,    U.S.M.C.      Corporal       James . . . — Map (db m2849) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Quantico Marine Corps Base — 9th Special Basic Class
In Memory of these Courageous Marine Lieutenants of the 9th Special Basic Class who trained here from July 1951 – December 1951. They gallantly gave their lives for their Corps and their Country. Glen Allen James M. Laramore . . . — Map (db m2911) WM
Virginia (Stafford County), Quantico Marine Corps Base — Austin Hall
Private First Class Oscar P. Austin United States Marine Corps Company E, Second Battalion, Seventh Marines, First Marine Division Awarded the Medal of Honor (Posthumously) for heroism during combat against enemy forces in the . . . — Map (db m2839) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Quantico Marine Corps Base — Captured Iraqi T-69 Tank
Dedicated to the enlisted Marines of The Basic School past and present. You have inspired countless legions of newly commissioned officers. — Map (db m3050) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Quantico Marine Corps Base — F/A – 18A HornetBureau Number 161970
Following the attacks of September 11, 2001, members of Marine Fighter attack Squadron 321 reported to Andrews Air Base to prepare for their role in defense of Washington D.C. On the morning of September 12th, the squadron Commanding Officer, LtCol . . . — Map (db m2836) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Quantico Marine Corps Base — First Special Basic Class
We honor the memory of our classmates of the First Special Basic Class who trained here October – December 1950 and who gave their lives for Corps and Country.      Felix W. Goudelock                       Feb. 2, 1951 . . . — Map (db m2853) WM
Virginia (Stafford County), Quantico Marine Corps Base — Graves Hall
Named in honor of Second Lieutenant Terrence C. Graves United States Marine Corps Third Force Reconnaissance Company Third Reconnaissance Battalion Third Marine Division Awarded the Medal of Honor (Posthumously) for action . . . — Map (db m3010) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Quantico Marine Corps Base — Heywood Hall
Charles Heywood Major General United States Marine Corps Commandant of the Marine Corps 1891–1903 Recognizing the need for Education of Newly Commissioned Officers, he established the School of Application, Marine Barracks . . . — Map (db m2546) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Quantico Marine Corps Base — Mitchell Hall
Named in Honor of 1st Lt Frank N. Mitchell Platoon Leader, A/1/7 Awarded the Medal of Honor (posthumously) for action against enemy forces in Korea on 26 November 1950. While on patrol and suddenly receiving fire at point blank range, 1st . . . — Map (db m2547) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Quantico Marine Corps Base — Murphy Demolition Range
. . . — Map (db m2915) WM
Virginia (Stafford County), Quantico Marine Corps Base — Quantico Marine Athletes of the Sixties
This monument is donated by the Quantico Marine Athletes of the Sixties in honor of their teammates who gave their lives in Vietnam      2LT Tyrone S. Pannell             Nov. 30, 1965      2Lt John B. Capel                     May 12, 1966 . . . — Map (db m2855) WM
Virginia (Stafford County), Quantico Marine Corps Base — Raider Hall
Marine Corps Martial Arts Center of Excellence One Mind Any Weapon Raider Hall is dedicated to all the Marine Raiders who fought and died in WWII, and embodied the physical, mental, and character discipline, which we hope to imbue in all . . . — Map (db m3054) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Quantico Marine Corps Base — Ray Hall
Hospital Corpsman Second Class David R. Ray, U.S. Navy Awarded the Medal of Honor (posthumously) for combat operations against the enemy in the Republic of Vietnam on 19 March 1969 while serving with Battery D, Second Battalion, . . . — Map (db m3056) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Quantico Marine Corps Base — William Groom Leftwich, Jr.
William Groom Leftwich, Jr. Lieutenant Colonel, U. S. Marine Corps Born Memphis, Tennessee, 28 April 1931 Graduated U. S. Naval Academy 5 June 1953 Killed in Action, Vietnam, 18 November 1970 Remembered for his Leadership, Tactical . . . — Map (db m2512) WM
Virginia (Stafford County), Ramoth — Ramoth Memorial Gardens
Given to the Glory of God by Marion L. Sterne March 26, 1995 Marker donated by Carroll Memorials Map (db m3411) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Stafford — 11th Corps Road
On 15 Feb 1863 Major-General Joseph Hooker directed that the road passing about one mile to the west of Brooke's Station and leading to Stafford Court House be put in condition to be practicable for artillery at all times, corduroying it where . . . — Map (db m65213) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Stafford — E-49 — Accokeek Iron Furnace
The Principio Company constructed the Accokeek Iron Furnace nearby about 1726 on land leased from Augustine Washington (father of George Washington), who became a partner. After Washington’s death in 1743, his son Lawrence inherited his interest in . . . — Map (db m2261) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Stafford — E-90 — Aquia Church
Here is Aquia Church, the church of Overwharton Parish, formed before 1680 by the division of Potomac Parish. It was built in 1757, on the site of an earlier church, in the rectorship of Reverend John Moncure, who was the parish minister from 1738 . . . — Map (db m7642) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Stafford — Aquia Landing
Aquia Landing was a significant gateway for enslaved people seeking freedom, including William and Ellen Craft, Henry “Box” Brown, and John Washington. Aquia Landing was the RF&P Railroad terminus from 1842-1872, and the only direct . . . — Map (db m75940) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Stafford — Austin Run Pyrite MineStafford, Virginia
Pyrite, an important source of sulfuric acid, was discovered in Stafford in 1902. Mining commenced near Smith Reservoir in 1903 but soon moved south to Garrisonville Road in what is now Hampton Oaks subdivision. The main shaft was 650 feet deep. In . . . — Map (db m76066) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Stafford — Cavalry Review
On April 6, 1863 near here "on an elevated plain", President Lincoln reviewed 13,000-17,000 men on horseback. the cavalry review was said to be the largest in the world. Reporters wrote it was a grand sight "with banners waving, music crashing, and . . . — Map (db m82480) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Stafford — Crow's Nest
Named after the black schooner called The Crow that harbored off the peninsula in the mid-1800s, Crow's Nest Peninsula is one of the last great, undisturbed places in the mid-Atlantic area. With both a rich history and remarkable . . . — Map (db m82309) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Stafford — Crow's Nest Natural Area Preserve / Virginia’s State Natural Area Preserves
Crow's Nest Natural Area Preserve Situated on a peninsula located between Accokeek and Potomac creeks in Stafford County, Crow’s Nest Natural Area Preserve contains extensive mature coastal plain hardwood forests and wetland communities. . . . — Map (db m75975) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Stafford — Early Escape RouteTrail to Freedom
"For a few moments, silence prevailed. My master [Ellen] looked at me, and I at him, but neither of us dared to speak a word, for fear of making some blunder that would tend to our detection. we knew that the officers had the power to throw us in . . . — Map (db m40130) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Stafford — Eleventh Corps Encampment AreaUnion Army of the Potomac
In 1863, over 135,000 Union Army of the Potomac soldiers established winter camps throughout Stafford County - the largest encampment of any Army during the Civil War. Two-thirds of Civil War deaths occurred while armies were in camp. Many soldiers . . . — Map (db m65152) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Stafford — English Knot GardenStafford, Virginia
In 1992, the Borough of Stafford, England and Stafford, Virginia, Friendship Association was established in recognition of the close cultural and historical ties between the two communities. In 1994, this English Knot Garden was planted to celebrate . . . — Map (db m76268) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Stafford — E-76 — First Roman Catholic Settlement in Virginia
The crucifix by sculptor Georg J. Lober, erected in 1930, commemorates the first English Roman Catholic settlement in Virginia. Fleeing political and religious turmoil in Maryland, Giles Brent and his sisters Margaret and Mary established two . . . — Map (db m2156) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Stafford — Fleurries
Former house of Miss Anne E. Moncure, The existing portion of the house was moved in 1987 to this site, now owned by the Aquia Church. Marked by the Bill of Rights Chapter, National Society, Daughters of the American Revolution, April . . . — Map (db m2227) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Stafford — E-50 — From Indian Path to Highway
In 1664, a colonial road here probably followed the trace of an old Indian path. Two years later, the road was extended to Aquia Creek. It became a post road in 1750, and in Sept. 1781 Gen. George Washington passed over it on the march to Yorktown. . . . — Map (db m2188) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Stafford — Gateway to FreedomTrail to Freedom
"I bounded across the Gang plank and concealed Myself for a while until the Steamer got off from the Wharf. I then came out and arrived Safe at 6th Street Wharf in Washington D.C. on the Night of September 1st, 1862 in a hard . . . — Map (db m40131) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Stafford — German-Americans and the Eleventh Corps
A large number of the soldiers who camped in and built the roads and fortifications preserved in this park were German-Americans. Most studies of ethnicity in the Civil War have focused on Irish or African-American soldiers, yet German-Americans . . . — Map (db m70404) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Stafford — Government IslandGovernment Island Orientation
Welcome to Government Island. This 17-acre historic site is an early American quarry originally named Brent’s Island or Wiggington’s Island. As early as 1694, stone was quarried from this site for use as architectural trim in Colonial America. . . . — Map (db m39550) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Stafford — E-123 — Historic Aquia Creek
The first known permanent English Roman Catholic settlers in Virginia, Giles Brent, his sister Margaret, and other family members, emigrated here from Maryland by 1650. In May 1861, Confederates built artillery batteries on the bluffs overlooking . . . — Map (db m2157) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Stafford — In Honor of Those Who Served
In honor of the men and women of Stafford County who served in defense of their Commonwealth and Country — Map (db m6524) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Stafford — In Memory of September 11, 2001
The Pentagon      The World Trade Center Somerset County, PA "All Gave Some"     "Some Gave All" For those who were lost For those who lost family and friends For those protecting our families For those protecting our freedoms . . . — Map (db m7293) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Stafford — In the Name of Christ the King
To commemorate the first English Catholic Settlers in Virginia: Colonel Giles Brent, Deputy Governor of Maryland 1643; Margaret and Mary Brent who settled at Aquia 1647; George Brent, King’s Attorney General 1686, Member House of Burgesses 1688, who . . . — Map (db m2183) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Stafford — Island Ownership
In 1647, Giles Brent established the first English settlement in this area along Aquia Creek. Nearly 50 years later, George Brent, Giles Brent’s nephew, became the island’s first documented owner. George purchased “…a small tongue or neck or . . . — Map (db m39759) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Stafford — John Smith Explores the ChesapeakeCaptain John Smith Chesapeake National Historic Trail
(panel 1) Captain Smith explored the Chesapeake Bay in the early 1600s seeking precious metals and a passage to Asia. He traveled the James, Chickahominy, and York rivers in 1607, and led two major expeditions from Jamestown in 1608. . . . — Map (db m75973) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Stafford — E 135 — Katherine Harwood Waller Barrett(1857 - 1925)
Born nearby at Clifton, Katherine Harwood Waller Barrett earned medical and nursing degrees. She devoted her professional life to the care and education of unmarried pregnant women, a group previously treated as outcasts. With philanthropist Charles . . . — Map (db m70949) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Stafford — E-48 — Kidnapping of Pocahontas
Near here, Pocahontas visited friends among the Patawomecks on the Potomac River in April 1613. Capt. Samuel Argall saw an opportunity to capture Pocahontas and exchange her for English prisoners held by her father Chief Powhatan. Argall sought out . . . — Map (db m2218) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Stafford — Lincoln Review
Nearby here was Sthreshley Farm, site of Abraham Lincoln's Grand Review. On April 8, 1863, 60,000 men passed the president who sat on a horse for the long, 5½ hour review. 10 year old Tad stayed by his father, while Mrs. Lincoln watched from a . . . — Map (db m82481) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Stafford — Lincoln VisitStafford, Virginia
On April 10, 1863, President Lincoln was here at the Stafford Courthouse headquarters of General O.O. Howard. Taking off his hat to get in Howard's tent, he noticed scripture written on tablets. The men discussed Psalm 23:1 "The Lord is my Shepherd. . . . — Map (db m76366) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Stafford — Little Forest Baptist Church
Founding members met in homes or under a persimmon tree. Led by Pastor Uriah Johnson, in 1905 they built their first church west of here. In 1959 that building was demolished to make a road later renamed Interstate-95. Some church members met at . . . — Map (db m78382) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Stafford — E-75 — Marlborough
Strategically situated at the tip of a peninsula jutting into the Potomac River at Potomac Creek, Marlborough was established under the Town Act of 1691 as a river port town. It served as the county seat of Stafford County from 1691 until about . . . — Map (db m2219) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Stafford — E 90-a — Mary Kittamaquund
Mary was the only child of Kittamaquund, paramount chief of the Piscataway tribes when Lord Baltimore's settlers arrived in Maryland in 1634. In 1641, seven-year-old Mary became the ward of Maryland governor Leonard Calvert and his sister-in-law . . . — Map (db m41820) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Stafford — Mason's Homestead
Near here was the home of George Mason (1629-1686), the great grandfather of George Mason of Gunston Hall. Well educated and with some financial means, the elder Mason came from Worcestershire, England and settled in Virginia c. 1652. He acquired . . . — Map (db m79036) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Stafford — Mt. Hope Baptist Church
Sunday School gathered in 1877. Church established October 16,1880 by Rev. Natus Washington. Originally worshipped at St. John School House near Brooke. Pickle Factory building nearer to church later became Brooke School. May 1904 Church cornerstone . . . — Map (db m79035) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Stafford — Mt. Olive Baptist Church
Stafford's First African American Church. Founded May 16, 1818 near Roseville by Rev. Horace Crutcher, along with five others. Original place of worship was a slab wood arbor. Recognizing the importance of enlightening individuals both spiritually . . . — Map (db m76193) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Stafford — Native American Presence
Native American artifacts were recovered in various locations on Government Island. The largest concentration of artifacts was found overlooking Aquia Creek. a rare Clovis projectile point was found, indicating the Paleoindians were present in this . . . — Map (db m39946) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Stafford — Oak Grove Baptist Church
Organized 1873 in a log cabin as St. Ross Baptist Church. An 1879 group meeting at Oak Grove Church of concerned parents determined to strive for their children's education, resulted in Oak Grove School being organized. Widewater native, Palmer . . . — Map (db m76341) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Stafford — Patawomeck People at Belle Plains
The Creek provided fish for centuries for the Patawomeck people who in turn taught the colonists to fish to survive, to plant vegetables hitherto unknown to the English and to hunt in the forests. A surviving remnant of the Patawomeck became . . . — Map (db m76274) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Stafford — Patawomeck Tribe Village
The Patawomeck Tribe, members of the Powhatan Confederacy and millennial original residents of Indian Point, greeted Captain John Smith as he sailed up the Potomac River in 1608. Smith viewed the Tribe's palisaded villages, built by the Patawomeck . . . — Map (db m79037) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Stafford — E-79 — Peyton’s Ordinary
In this vicinity stood Peyton’s Ordinary. George Washington, going to Fredericksburg to visit his mother, dined here, March 6, 1769. On his way to attend the House of Burgesses, he spent the night here, October 31, 1769, and stayed here again on . . . — Map (db m2187) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Stafford — Potomac Church Road
The Potomac Church Road dates from the 17th century. During the late 18th century, and well into the 19th century, this road and the Old Telegraph Road to its west, now roughly Route 1 were primary travel routes connecting Stafford with important . . . — Map (db m70398) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Stafford — Z-158 — Prince William County / Stafford County
Prince William County, named for William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland and third son of King George II, was officially formed from Stafford and King George Counties in 1731. Manassas was designated the county seat in 1892. Previously the county . . . — Map (db m2160) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Stafford — Quarrying the Stone
Quarrying stone during the late 18th and early 19th centuries was very labor intensive. Stone quarried here was cut and shipped with the use of simple machines and animal power. Various workers were needed to extract the stone. A . . . — Map (db m39751) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Stafford — Quarrying the Stone
Background: The same geologic attributes responsible for Stafford’s rich deposits of iron ore and other metals, also rendered a unique and eventually much desired type of sandstone called “freestone.” As a result, a significant stone . . . — Map (db m70402) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Stafford — Redoubt # 2Aquia Landing Defenses
Approximately seventy yards to the northeast of this sign on private property are the well preserved remains of Redoubt #2, the last surviving and largest of three built by the Union Army of the Potomac in February and March of 1863 to defend Aquia . . . — Map (db m82306) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Stafford — Redoubt No. 2 / Fort No NameFederal Defenses of Aquia Creek Landing
Twelfth Corps / Army of the Potomac, USA Stafford County, Virginia Circa 1863 National Historic Registry February 2006 Virginia Historic Registry DHR # 089-5057/44ST0082 — Map (db m55988) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Stafford — Sandstone Quarry
On the trail to the right of the picnic area beyond this sign are the remains of a late 18th and early 19th century sandstone quarry. Archaeological reports on this site noted that stone quarried here was loaded onto scows or shallow boats and taken . . . — Map (db m65228) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Stafford — Site Selection / Architectural Features
Site Selection In 1791, President George Washington (who was raised in Stafford County 10 miles south of this site at Ferry Farm) appointed three Commissioners to oversee construction of the new federal capital city (later named Washington, . . . — Map (db m39788) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Stafford — Stafford County Tri-Centennial
August 7, 1964 In celebration of its 300th Birthday, here is buried a capsule by order of the Circuit Court, to be opened on August 7, 2064. Planted by the Stafford County Lions Club and Stafford County Board of Supervisors — Map (db m6522) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Stafford — E-231 — Stafford Training School
Stafford Training School, later known as H. H. Poole School, was constructed in 1939 by the Public Works Administration after African American parents raised money to buy the land. During the segregation era, this was the only school in Stafford . . . — Map (db m78074) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Stafford — Steamships, Stages and Slave TradeTrail to Freedom
"In the forenoon the steamer reached Aquia Creek. There the passengers took stages — Burch and his five slaves occupying one exclusively. ...He told me to hold up my head and look smart. That I might, perhaps, get a good master if I behaved . . . — Map (db m40129) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Stafford — The Daniel Bridge
The Daniel Bridge first appears in county records on a deed map dated 1837. The bridge had three sandstone piers, the remnants of which are still visible today and which likely supported a wood superstructure. The bridge likely took its name from . . . — Map (db m70401) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Stafford — The Robertson Quarry
In the 1800s, the Robertson Quarry was one of many quarries in Stafford County which provided stone for government buildings, private homes, and public buildings, not only in Washington, D.C., but across the nation. The Robertson Quarry, along with . . . — Map (db m35394) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Stafford — The Robertson-Towson HouseCirca 1820
When Benjamin Henry Latrobe, architect of the U.S. Capitol, visited Stafford in 1806, he found on this “beautiful little knoll in the midst of the woods close to his quarry…a log house,” the home of quarryman William Robertson. . . . — Map (db m31209) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Stafford — Transporting the Stone
A historic road is visible to the right. It was created by skids or "stone boats" that were loaded with stone and dragged by oxen to the wharf. The stone was very heavy. One cubic foot of stone weighed 120 pounds. In addition to moving the stone . . . — Map (db m39799) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Stafford — Trooper Jessica Jean Cheney
State Police — In Memory of — Jessica Jean Cheney January 17th 1998 "What she lacked in experience, she made up for in hard work and spirit."                               -E. Futrell — Map (db m4935) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Stafford — Union Army Double-Track Corduroy Road
At right is the order for a dual-track corduroy road, remains of which can still be seen just beyond this sign. Below are details for construction of corduroy roads as reported earlier in the war by a Union staff officer. Corduroy roads were needed . . . — Map (db m70403) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Stafford — Union Army Winter Camp Remains
You are now standing inside the perimeter of what was once a Union 11th Corps winter camp. Soldiers not only camped and drilled here, but also built roads and fortifications in and around this park. Since the Civil War, the majority of Stafford’s . . . — Map (db m70397) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Stafford — Union Batteries at Accokeek Creek
By late May 1863 Major-General Joseph Hooker, likely concerned over a possible attack to cut off or capture his supply depot at Aquia Landing, adjusted his lines. Four additional batteries were built in the 11th Corps area south of the Accokeek. . . . — Map (db m70399) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Stafford — Union Battery
The largest and strongest battery in this park; this one contains nearly 300 linear feet of parapet 30 feet thick. The foundation of a large blockhouse also remains. The battery could have supported all three nearby batteries. Its blockhouse also . . . — Map (db m65199) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Stafford — Union Battery
At 200 feet above sea level, this is the highest of the three batteries in this park. Its three-faced parapet allowed it to support other nearby batteries and encampments against attacks from multiple directions. Its very steep approaches would have . . . — Map (db m65217) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Stafford — Union Eleventh Corps Artillery
Eleventh Corps artillery units in 1863 were equipped with 3-inch ordnance rifles and 4.62-inch model 1857 Napoleon cannon often referred to as 12-pounders. Ordnance rifles could fire a solid or hollow 3-inch, iron, buIlet-shaped projectile nearly . . . — Map (db m70400) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Stafford — Union Infantry Winter Camp
These woods contain remains of hut sites, chimneys and defenses of a large Army of the Potomac winter camp, soldiers of the 11th Corps 1st and 3rd Divisions moved to this area from Belle Plain and Stafford Courthouse in late Feb/early Mar, 1863, in . . . — Map (db m65151) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), White Oak — 6th Corps Encampment
From November 1862 to June 1863 the 6th Corps of the Army of the Potomac were encamped in the immediate area of White Oak Church — Map (db m4259) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), White Oak — White Oak Church"Seems to Have Belonged to some Former Age"
Across the road stands White Oak Church, an important Civil War landmark during the winter of 1862-1863. Stafford County Baptist constructed the simple weatherboard structure sometime after 1789, later adding an attached shed with a separate . . . — Map (db m4254) HM

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