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Washington County Utah – Historical Markers

1990 Mountain Meadows Monument Marker image, Click for more information
By Bill Kirchner, August 29, 2011
1990 Mountain Meadows Monument Marker
Utah (Washington County), Central — 1990 Mountain Meadows Monument
In Memoriam In the valley below, between September 7 and 11, 1857, a company of more than 120 Arkansas emigrants led by Captain John T. Baker and Captain Alexander Fancher was attacked while en route to California. This event is . . . — Map (db m46776) HM
Utah (Washington County), Central — Mountain Meadows Massacre
Massacre of Men and Boys On September 11, 1857, a procession of Arkansas emigrants bound for California marched northward up this valley having been persuaded to leave their beseiged camp by Mormon militiamen, bearing a white flag, who . . . — Map (db m60898) HM
Utah (Washington County), Central — Mountain Meadows Massacre Grave Site Memorial
Built and maintained by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints Out of respect for those who died and were buried here and in the surrounding area following the massacre of 1857. — Map (db m46792) HM
Utah (Washington County), Central — The Burial Sites
The Baker-Fancher emigrants buried the bodies of ten men killed during the siege somewhere within the circled wagons of the encampment located west of the current monument in the valley. Most of the Baker-Fancher party died at various locations . . . — Map (db m14694) HM
Utah (Washington County), Central — The Mountain Meadows Massacre
Led by Captains John T. Baker and Alexander Fancher, a California-bound wagon train from Arkansas camped in this valley in the late summer of 1857 during the time of the so-called Utah War. In the early morning hours of September 7th, a party of . . . — Map (db m46765) HM
Utah (Washington County), Central — The Old Spanish Trail and The California Road
An arduous 1,200-mile route between Santa Fe and Los Angeles, the "Old Spanish Trail" passed through Mountain Meadows during its heyday, between 1830 and 1848. The trail served traders who loaded their pack mules with woolen goods from Santa Fe each . . . — Map (db m46799) HM
Utah (Washington County), Enterprise — American Legion Hiatt-Hunt Post 801946      Fifty Years       1996
After returning home from World War II, area veterans organized and requested membership to the National American Legion Program. January 09, 946, national headquarters issued a charter for “Hiatt-Hunt Post 80”. The post was named . . . — Map (db m14341) HM
Utah (Washington County), Enterprise — Eliza Jane Pulsipher Terry26 July 1840 – 6 May 1919
Eliza Jane was born in Nauvoo, Adams County, Illinois, on 26 July 1840. Her parents were Zerah and Mary Brown Pulsipher. She was 7 years old when persecution drove the saints west. She walked across the plains with her family, picking up buffalo . . . — Map (db m14344) HM
Utah (Washington County), Enterprise — Hannah Louise Leavitt Terry16 Mar 1855 – 5 Jan 1938
Hannah Louisa Leavitt was born on 16 Mar 1855 at Lake Point, Tooele County, Utah, to Dudley and Mary Ann Huntsman Leavitt, she was the oldest of her fathers 48 children. In the fall of that year the Leavitts moved south to Dixie and for the next 21 . . . — Map (db m14345) HM
Utah (Washington County), Enterprise — Mary Ann Pulsipher Terry20 Nov 1833 – 18 Sept 1913
Mary Ann Pulsipher was a pioneer. She was born to Zerah and Mary Brown Pulsipher. Being born in the East (Scott, Courtland County, New York), she was old enough to realize the hardships incurred when the family became members of the Church of Jesus . . . — Map (db m14343) HM
Utah (Washington County), Enterprise — Thomas Sirls Terry3 Oct 1825 – 12 Aug 1920
Thomas Sirls Terry was born in Bristol Township, Buicks County, Pennsylvania, on 3 Oct 1825 to Thomas Sirls and Mary Ann Murkins Terry. Thomas went to work at the age of 7 in a local cotton mill. At 17 he was apprenticed to learn the trade of . . . — Map (db m14342) HM
Utah (Washington County), Hurricane — Birth of Hurricane
1893–1904 This monument is near the spot where a celebration took place on August 6, 1904. After nearly eleven years of arduous work on the canal, water was ready for diversion onto the land. “Five or six wagon loads of . . . — Map (db m1329) HM
Utah (Washington County), Hurricane — Bradshaw House/Hotel
This house was built in 1906-08 by Ira E. and Marion Hinton Bradshaw, lifelong residents of southern Utah. It was the first permanent house built in the town of Hurricane, which was established soon after completion of the Hurricane Canal in 1904. . . . — Map (db m74619) HM
Utah (Washington County), Hurricane — Convict Camp and Wagon Road
In 1915 prisoners from the Utah State Prison camped here among these very rocks. They were detailed to build a wagon road up the fault, directly east from here. Remnants of the road can still bee seen with its lava rocks retaining walls. The work . . . — Map (db m59429) HM
Utah (Washington County), Hurricane — Early Day Wood Beam Walking Hand Plow
This plow was donated to the museum by Mr. and Mrs. Leslie E. Nelson, of Hurricane, Utah. History of the plow is from Mr. Nelson’s grandmother, Hulda Ellertson Kay, who was housekeeper for Apostle Hyde during the period of 1875. The Nelson . . . — Map (db m59403) HM
Utah (Washington County), Hurricane — 97 — Harrisburg
In 1859, after helping settle San Bernardino California, Moses Harris moved his family to Utah and settled on the Virgin River near Quail Creek. In 1862 a flood forced the settlers further up Quail Creek to the Cottonwood Creek Fork. Due to the many . . . — Map (db m85128) HM
Utah (Washington County), Hurricane — 465 — Harrisburg/ Harrisburg Residents
Harrisburg The town of Harrisburg was founded by Moses Harris in 1859. By 1868, twenty-five families had made their homes in this little valley along Quail Creek, located three miles south of Leeds and twelve miles northeast of St. George. . . . — Map (db m59644) HM
Utah (Washington County), Hurricane — Heritage Home & Pioneer Corner
Original Home of Ira E. and Marion Hinton Bradshaw Built 1906-08 (Placed on the National Register of Historic Places – 1991) This plain carpenters’ Victorian eclectic style home, with a cross-wing and stone foundation and cellar was . . . — Map (db m59406) HM
Utah (Washington County), Hurricane — Historic Kolob Mountain
Kolob by Owen Sanders When lassitude tugs at your body and robs you of zest to exist come with me to Kolob and walk through the mild morning mist Huddle at dawn on a hillside and scan the green valley below; Listen to . . . — Map (db m59367) HM
Utah (Washington County), Hurricane — Hurricane CanalUtah Historic Site
The construction of the Hurricane Canal is one of Utah's proudest stories of pioneer determination. This canal, built completely by hand, opened the Hurricane Bench to farming and the establishment of the town of Hurricane. In 1893 two local men, . . . — Map (db m59363) HM
Utah (Washington County), Hurricane — Hurricane Canal1893 - 1906
We give love and honor to the memory of the men who built our Hurricane Canal; and the ditch riders who cared for it. These pioneers were men of integrity who had a dream, an improbable dream. They built the canal high on a hill, sometimes through . . . — Map (db m59432) HM
Utah (Washington County), Hurricane — 23-C — Hurricane City
Hurricane had its humble beginning in the year 1906 with the coming of eleven families to establish their homes. These first settlers were the families of T. Maurice Hinton, Ira E. Bradshaw, Anthony Jepson, Thomas Ison, Bernard Hinton, Erastus Lee, . . . — Map (db m1461) HM
Utah (Washington County), Hurricane — 20 — Hurricane Pioneers
In 1863 settlers of the upper Virgin River whose lands were being washed away made preliminary surveys for irrigating and occupying these lands. Erastus Snow, David H. Cannon and Nephi Johnson came down the hill over an old Indian trail, with a . . . — Map (db m59405) HM
Utah (Washington County), Hurricane — Look-out PointHurricane Valley Historic Rock Fort and Corral
With the settlement of Toquerville in 1858 by the first six families and others soon to join them, they soon realized that the pressures on the available irrigated farmland could not support the increasing population. Survival would depend on . . . — Map (db m59446) HM
Utah (Washington County), Hurricane — Many Came by Handcart
Between June 9, 1856, and July 6, 1860, ten separate Handcart Companies left Iowa City, Iowa, or Florence, Nebraska to their land of Zion in the Utah Territory. There were 653 handcarts and 50 wagons. Nearly 3,000 souls, some with babes in arms, . . . — Map (db m59369) HM
Utah (Washington County), Hurricane — Pioneer Bowery
A bowery was built near here in August 1904 for the celebration of the long-awaited arrival of water to the Hurricane Bench and to name this new town. After twelve years of back-breaking work, the Virgin River water, carried seven miles from the . . . — Map (db m59430) HM
Utah (Washington County), Hurricane — Pioneer GratitudeClaron Bradshaw FamilySponsor
When Claron Bradshaw was asked by the Heritage Park Foundation Committee if he would sponsor the expense of casting the “Pioneer Gratitude” statue in bronze and placing it on the monument in the park, he responded – “I . . . — Map (db m59366) HM
Utah (Washington County), Hurricane — Pioneer TrailsTwo Important Pioneer Trails Lie to the South of Here
Historic Temple Trail The Temple Trail which has two parts, was used during the years 1874-1876 to bring lumber by ox-team from two sawmills at Nixon Springs on the south face of Mount Trumbull to St. George, eighty miles away, for constructing . . . — Map (db m59362) HM
Utah (Washington County), Hurricane — Smith Mesa
Smith Mesa, northeast of Hurricane and nearly one-half mile higher in elevation, was named after Charles Nephi Smith, Bishop of Rockville from 1867 to 1891. He had a ranch house on Smith Creek and ran his cattle on this beautiful mesa. Shortly . . . — Map (db m59404) HM
Utah (Washington County), Hurricane — 134 — Southern Exploring Company - 1849Parley P. Pratt — Southern Utah Expedition
The confluence of Ash and LaVerkin Creeks with the Virgin River is important in the history of this region. Footsteps long forgotten have passed through this region. Some have been remembered but most have faded with time. Roaming bands of Indians, . . . — Map (db m59447) HM
Utah (Washington County), Hurricane — Survival in Utah’s Dixie
The warm comfortable productive climate in the sheltered valleys along the meandering Rio Virgin and its lower tributaries in Washington County became known as "Utah's Dixie". The rugged pioneer colonizers and their descendants are known as . . . — Map (db m59365) HM
Utah (Washington County), Hurricane — 118 — The Historic Dixie-Long Valley, Utah Pioneer Trail
Segments of the old Indian trails between St. George and Long Valley were used by Mormon pioneers to settle Long Valley in 1864 and for its resettlement in 1871 following Indian conflicts. This trail scaled the Hurricane Fault on the Johnson Twist. . . . — Map (db m74618) HM
Utah (Washington County), Hurricane — 100A — The Historic Hurricane Canal
When first conceived, the Hurricane Canal seemed like an impossible dream. Beginning at a point seven miles up the Virgin River, water had to travel through flumes, tunnels, and over deep ravines. The canal had to hang on steep, unstable cliffs and . . . — Map (db m1328) HM
Utah (Washington County), Hurricane — 101B — The Historic Hurricane Canal
When first conceived, the Hurricane Canal seemed like an impossible dream. Beginning at a point seven miles up the Virgin River, water had to travel through flumes, tunnels, and over deep ravines. The canal had to hang on steep, unstable cliffs and . . . — Map (db m74617) HM
Utah (Washington County), Hurricane — The Roads to Utah’s Dixie
The Black Ridge . The toughest, heartbreaking barrier to the colonization of “Utah’s Dixie” was the Black Ridge between New Harmony and Pintura, north of Toquerville, Utah. A deep, rough, lava flow clogged the valley from the . . . — Map (db m1427) HM
Utah (Washington County), Hurricane — 166 — The Town Named After a Buggy Incident
Buggies, such as the one before you, were an important part of early America. As the name implies, Doctors' Buggies were used by physicians but they were also a popular choice for many others as well. Buggies were dearly prized and generally kept in . . . — Map (db m59373) HM
Utah (Washington County), La Verkin — Hurricane/LaVerkin Bridge
In 1908 the Midland Bridge Company was awarded a contract in the amount of $3,299 to fabricate and erect the Hurricane/LaVerkin Bridge. This structure incorporates distinctive characteristics in its method of construction, is one of the earliest and . . . — Map (db m59453) HM
Utah (Washington County), La Verkin — 134 — La Verkin"Indian for Beautiful Valley"
In 1881 Thomas Judd, promoter, with others completed an 840 foot tunnel and 1 1/4 mile canal to bring water from the Rio Virgin for the cultivation of this valley. Excavations opened a large crystal cave of stalactite and stalagmites. In 1903, . . . — Map (db m59448) HM
Utah (Washington County), La Verkin — 474 — La Verkin Canal
In December of 1888, Thomas P. Cottam and Thomas Judd made a preliminary survey to determine the probable cost of a canal. Early in 1889, Isaac C. MacFarlane made a working survey, and work was started as soon as his survey was completed. In June . . . — Map (db m59451) HM
Utah (Washington County), La Verkin — 135 — Southern Exploring Company – 1849Parley P. Pratt — Southern Utah Expedition
The confluence of Ash and LaVerkin Creeks with the Virgin River is important in the history of this region. Footsteps long forgotten have passed through this region. Some have been remembered but most have faded with time. Roaming bands of Indians, . . . — Map (db m59449) HM
Utah (Washington County), Leeds — "They Were Poor, Hungry, and They Built to Last"The Civilian Conservation Corps
The era of the "Great Depression" began with the crash of the stock market in 1929. The economy of the United States changed dramatically. Americans were in peril; unprecedented numbers were jobless. President Franklin D. Roosevelt took office in . . . — Map (db m59941) HM
Utah (Washington County), Leeds — A Tale of Three Towns
The history of three towns – Harrisburg, Silver Reef, and Leeds – is intricately connected. Harrisburg and Silver Reef are ghost towns today, while Leeds persists. Like many locations in the arid west, water and its availability and . . . — Map (db m59662) HM
Utah (Washington County), Leeds — Civilian Conservation Corps, Leeds, Utah
The Leeds CCC camp opened in October 1933 under the direction of the Dixie National Forest Service on the site of an existing ranger station. Leeds, a town of less than 200, more than doubled with the opening of the camp. Two hundred young men from . . . — Map (db m59659) HM
Utah (Washington County), Leeds — From Schoolhouse to Town HallA Building on the Move
The building to your left was originally built as a schoolhouse in 1880 in nearby Silver Reef. It also served in the mining boomtown as a place for community dances and other gatherings. Soon after the schoolhouse was built, Silver Reef began . . . — Map (db m59663) HM
Utah (Washington County), Leeds — Leeds CCC CampUtah Historic Site — National Register
Built in 1933, the Leeds Civilian Conservation Corps Camp is significant as perhaps the best remaining example of a CCC camp in Utah. These camps were typically built of relatively temporary frame construction, and the surviving buildings and . . . — Map (db m55807) HM
Utah (Washington County), Leeds — Leeds Historic CCC Camp
In the depression year of 1933, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt initiated the Civilian Conservation Corps. This program provided much needed employment for the nation's youth 18-25 years old. The men had to complete the 8th grade, and have 3-4 . . . — Map (db m57169) HM
Utah (Washington County), Leeds — Mile-long Main Street
Between 1875 and the end of 1876, Silver Reef boomed with development, going from a boulder-strewn flat to a town of 1,500 people, one of the largest in Washington county. Silver Reef soon became the center of permanent development, and many . . . — Map (db m59660) HM
Utah (Washington County), Leeds — St. John's Church / Bishop Lawrence J. ScanlanSilver Reef, UT — 1879
St. John's Church After his 1877 visit to Silver Reef, Father Scanlan appointed Father Dennis Kiely as the local pastor. The increasing Catholic population continued to ask for a church. Father Scanlan returned in November 1878 to . . . — Map (db m59627) HM
Utah (Washington County), Leeds — N-18 — Wells Fargo and Company Express BuildingUtah Historic Site
Built in 1877 Architect unknown Used by Wells Fargo Company and by St. George merchants, Woolley, Lund and Judd. — Map (db m59661) HM
Utah (Washington County), New Harmony — Collapsing SceneryKolob Canyons-Zion National Park
The cliffs appear solid and motionless. But the visible scars tell a different story. In July 1983 a huge slab broke off the opposite cliff, leaving a buff-colored scar and tons of rubble at the base. The entire even was over n moments. These . . . — Map (db m92553) HM
Utah (Washington County), New Harmony — 59 — Fort Harmony
Established May 9, 1854, by John D. Lee, Richard Woolsey, William R. Davis and others who had founded Harmony in 1852. County seat of Washington County until 1859. Headquarters of Mormon Mission to Lamanites 1853-1854. The fort was finally . . . — Map (db m59470) HM
Utah (Washington County), New Harmony — Kolob CanyonsZion National Park
This overlook reveals the cooler, more thickly forested world above the finger canyons. From this elevated viewpoint you can see the pattern of canyon-carving streams along cracks in the Colorado Plateau. Each finger canyon is like a miniature Zion . . . — Map (db m72549)
Utah (Washington County), New Harmony — 67 — Military Training Camp Site
Fort Harmony was designated as the training site of the Iron County division of the Utah Militia. In 1857 the Militia was divided into 13 districts. The southern group consisted of all counties south of Beaver and was known as the Iron County . . . — Map (db m75622) HM
Utah (Washington County), New Harmony — 261 — New Harmony
In 1852 Elisha H. Groves, John D. Lee and others built a fort on Ash Creek, called Harmony. The fort was abandoned in 1854 and a new site located called Fort Harmony. Following disastrous floods in 1862 settlers again moved and established . . . — Map (db m59471) HM
Utah (Washington County), New Harmony — 159 — Snowfield Monument"Franciscan Fathers"
October 13, 1776: "We set out southward from the small river and campsite of Nuestra Senora del Pilar ("Our Lady of the Pillar" – Kolob Canyon of Zion Canyon National Park)…" and…"We traveled a league and a half to the south, . . . — Map (db m59468) HM
Utah (Washington County), Rockville — Rockville Bridge
Constructed in 1924, the Rockville Bridge incorporates distinctive characteristics in its method of construction and is the only surviving example of a rigid Parker through truss type bridge in the state of Utah. The Rockville Bridge is historically . . . — Map (db m74628) HM
Utah (Washington County), Saint George — Brigham Young Home
Brigham Young was prophet and president of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints for 30 years. During those three decades he directed the establishment of more than three hundred communities throughout the American West. It was "Brother . . . — Map (db m59229) HM
Utah (Washington County), Saint George — Erastus Snow's Big House
On this site in 1867, Erastus Snow began construction on a four-story, adobe home which later became known as the "Big House." Snow, an LDS apostle, was the presiding Mormon leader during the colonization of St. George. The "Big House" was an . . . — Map (db m59233) HM
Utah (Washington County), Saint George — Gardeners Club
This structure, built by St. George's first horticulturist J.E. Johnson in 1863, for use as a meeting place for the club, was never used as a residence. — Map (db m59238) HM
Utah (Washington County), Saint George — Orson Pratt – Richard Bentley
Orson Pratt was one of two Latter-day Saint Apostles called by Brigham Young to lead the St. George colony in 1864. When Orson was called on a mission to Europe, the home passed to Richard Bentley. It was partially converted to a mercantile business . . . — Map (db m59309) HM
Utah (Washington County), Saint George — Pioneer – Washington County - Courthouse
St. George was designated as the county seat on January 14, 1883. This building was begun in 1866 and completed in 1876. It served the county government as offices. The 18-inch thick walls housed the jail in the basement and school was held upstairs . . . — Map (db m59226) HM
Utah (Washington County), Saint George — Pioneer Museum
This red brick building completed in 1938 was financed by Mrs. Hortense McQuarrie Odlum to house pioneer relics. The addition was financed by Ferol McQuarrie Kincade in 1985. Daughters of Utah Pioneers volunteer their services as docents for the . . . — Map (db m59224) HM
Utah (Washington County), Saint George — St. George Opera House
The Opera House served as the cultural center of the community from 1875 until the 1930s. The original "T" shaped building seated 300 persons. A mechanically adjustable sloping floor afforded an excellent view of the stage. — Map (db m59093) HM
Utah (Washington County), Saint George — Tabernacle
Brigham Young's purpose in building this tabernacle was to provide an ornament to the city. Its 3-foot thick basement walls of hand-cut limestone bear individual stone cutter marks. Roof trusses were hand-hewn and the twin spiral staircases with . . . — Map (db m59271) HM
Utah (Washington County), Saint George — Temple Quarry Trailhead
Pioneer workmen transported basalt stone blocks for construction of the Saint George LDS Temple foundation by wagon over this "Temple Quarry Trail". Completion of the trailhead, archway, and access to the trail has long been Dr. Mark . . . — Map (db m59017) HM
Utah (Washington County), Saint George — The Bentley House and Judd Store
The house behind the store was built in 1876 by William Oscar Bentley. It was sold in the early 1900's to Thomas Judd, who attached a mercantile to the dining room. The Judd family owned and operated the store from 1911 until it was purchased and . . . — Map (db m59310) HM
Utah (Washington County), Saint George — The Burgess House
The house was built in 1916 by Joe Burgess. He hauled lava rock from the nearby black hill for the foundation stones and constructed the home out of formed cement blocks made by lime canfield. These formed cement blocks became popular in the early . . . — Map (db m59202) HM
Utah (Washington County), Saint George — The Hardy House
Built by Augustus Poore Hardy in 1871, this house, with classical Dixie dormers, has quite a history. Hardy was sheriff of St. George and was holding a man accused of murder. An armed group of vigilantes broke into the house and forced the keys from . . . — Map (db m59235) HM
Utah (Washington County), Saint George — The Jail House
The jail is a small one room building constructed from black lava rock gathered in the nearby foothills. The exact date of construction is not known, however, it is assumed to be built by Sheriff Hardy around 1880. Though used as a granary after the . . . — Map (db m59270) HM
Utah (Washington County), Saint George — The Jones Adobe Home
Dedicated to memory of Clarence Amos Jones & Madaline Empey Jones. Donated by their children Boyd Grant Jones and Sylvia Jones Chamberlain, Wayne Hyrum Jones to the Washington County Historical Society. This one room . . . — Map (db m59222) HM
Utah (Washington County), Saint George — The Judd House
Joseph Judd, son of Thomas Judd, who built the store east of here, built this home in 1917. His family lived in the house until 1974. Joseph and his son Thomas operated the Judd Store while they lived here, and Thomas Judd still manages it for the . . . — Map (db m59308) HM
Utah (Washington County), Saint George — The Sandstone Building
It is difficult to establish an exact date of construction of this building. It is one of a half-dozen structures built in St. George from leftover rock from the tabernacle during the 1860's. George Brooks is thought to have built the building, as . . . — Map (db m59268) HM
Utah (Washington County), Saint George — The Temple & Honeymoon Trails
The Temple Trail The temple trail is the route used from 1871 to 1877 to haul timber from Mt. Trumbull, Arizona, to St. George, Utah, for the building of the St. George LDS Temple. Pioneers traveled 80 miles along the rough, dirt road, hauling . . . — Map (db m59311) HM
Utah (Washington County), Saint George — Utah-Idaho Sugar CompanyFormer site of the — c.1934-1979
The Utah-Idaho Sugar Company after determining that sugar beet seed was a good cash crop, bought these grounds and started production that would last for nearly fifty years. Sugar beets were planted in the fall in the Bloomington and Washington . . . — Map (db m59221) HM
Utah (Washington County), Santa Clara — Frederick and Anna Reber Home
Fredrick and Anna Reber reached Santa Clara in November of 1861. Laboring with other members of their faith, they forged an existence out of the barren, sandy valley that had been their destination. In direct contrast to their native Switzerland, . . . — Map (db m59194) HM
Utah (Washington County), Santa Clara — Hug-Gubler Home
The Henry Hug family came to Santa Clara with the original Swiss Company in November of 1861. The Hugs and other members of this group lived in their wagon boxes and hillside dugouts until more adequate shelters could be built. The Hugs built this . . . — Map (db m59188) HM
Utah (Washington County), Santa Clara — Jacob Hamblin Home
The Jacob Hamblin Home was built in 1862-1863. The home's construction materials were obtained locally-ponderosa pine from Pine Valley and rock from nearby hillsides. Pioneer craftsmen from Cedar City laid the stone in what is know as a coursed . . . — Map (db m59201) HM
Utah (Washington County), Santa Clara — John George and Susette Bosshard Hafen Home
This 1 ½ story Victorian, eclectic crosswing home is believed to have been built in 1881. The adobe bricks that form the walls were made on the property from sand and clay from the backyard and the nearby hill to the north. Some of the other . . . — Map (db m59199) HM
Utah (Washington County), Santa Clara — Preston and Vella Ruth Hafen Home
The term Period Revival refers to a wide range of historically based house styles favored by the American public for nearly half a century. A number of these styles, including Spanish Colonial, English Tudor, Mission, Pueblo, and French Norman were . . . — Map (db m59196) HM
Utah (Washington County), Santa Clara — Santa Clara Merc
Right from the beginning, the Santa Clara Merc developed a presence on the main street of this small western town. Morphing from a one-room operation to a small, free-standing unit to a thriving mercantile that supplied needed essentials to . . . — Map (db m59115) HM
Utah (Washington County), Santa Clara — Santa Clara Relief Society House
The Santa Clara Relief Society House was built in 1907. It was spearheaded by the sisters of the community who belonged to the local ward of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. It is a simple frontier dwelling that demonstrates . . . — Map (db m59117) HM
Utah (Washington County), Santa Clara — Santa Clara Tithing Granary
The Santa Clara Tithing Granary was built in 1902-1903 by the Santa Clara First Ward of the St. George Stake of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Tithing granaries were used throughout Utah during pioneer times as a depository for . . . — Map (db m59114) HM
Utah (Washington County), Santa Clara — 49 — Swiss Colony
November 28, 1861 about 93 pioneers under the leadership of Daniel Bonelli, were sent by President Brigham Young to settle southern Utah and raise cotton and grapes. They located at the fort built by Jacob Hamblin and others along Santa Clara Creek, . . . — Map (db m59019) HM
Utah (Washington County), Santa Clara — The Settling of Santa Clara / First Public Buildings / Missionaries and Settlers
[Side A:]The Settling of Santa ClaraThomas Carlyle said of the Switzers, "They are honest people... they are not philosophers or tribunes; but frank, honest landsmen." In April 1861 a company of Mormon converts from Switzerland, . . . — Map (db m59190) HM
Utah (Washington County), Springdale — 42 — Discovery of Zion Canyon
In 1858, Nephi Johnson, one of Brigham Young's scouts, with a party of Indian guides arrived at the mouth of the canyon. Due to superstition, the Indians refused to enter the canyon. Nephi Johnson, alone, followed up river to the Narrows, a place . . . — Map (db m74630) HM
Utah (Washington County), Springdale — Zion Mt. Carmel Tunnel and Highway, UtahNational Historic Civil Engineering Landmark
This 5,613- foot-long tunnel, the longest vehicular tunnel in the National Park System, was blasted through the towering sandstone cliffs above Pine Creek Canyon. Construction required extraordinary access through cliff-face galleries for blasting . . . — Map (db m74632) HM
Utah (Washington County), St. George — And the Desert Shall Blossom
Water—the lack of it and too much of it—was the greatest challenge to Dixie’s early Mormon settlers. When the original company of families entered the St. George valley late in 1861, they had little more than two small springs to reply . . . — Map (db m1395) HM
Utah (Washington County), St. George — 505 — Bloomington
Numerous petroglyphs are the only record of the original settlers of this area, the Anasazi and Paiute Indians. In January 1858 a small Mormon pioneer group was sent south from Salt Lake City to raise cotton. The pioneers settled the east side of . . . — Map (db m59015) HM
Utah (Washington County), St. George — Brigham Young Winter Home
The original portion of this home was begun in 1860 and completed in 1871. When Brigham Young purchased it he added the front addition which was completed in 1873. It served as his winter home from that time until his death in 1877. — Map (db m59181) HM
Utah (Washington County), St. George — Dixie Academy
Across the street west, and 2 blocks south of here, stands the building originally known as the St. George Academy. After the turn of the century Southern Utah citizens realized a great need for higher education in this isolated corner of the state. . . . — Map (db m1392) HM
Utah (Washington County), St. George — Dixie Academy
Dixie Academy was constructed to provide advanced courses of study. The St. George Stake Academy officially began in 1888 and moved into this building in 1911. A four year program was recognized as two years of senior high school and two years of . . . — Map (db m1462) HM
Utah (Washington County), St. George — Erastus Fairbanks Snow
Missionary, Founder of St. George, President of the Cotton Mission. Erastus Snow was born in St. Johnsbury, Vermont in 1818. He entered the Salt Lake Valley on July 21, 1847, in advance of the fist company of Mormon Pioneers. He was . . . — Map (db m59168) HM
Utah (Washington County), St. George — Gardeners’ Club Hall
Built just five years after St. George was settled, the Gardeners’ Club Hall is considered to be the oldest public building standing in the city. This small, unassuming adobe building predates the courthouse, the Tabernacle and the Temple by several . . . — Map (db m1385) HM
Utah (Washington County), St. George — Pioneer Courthouse
The seat of county government was originally established at Fort Harmony from 1856 until 1859. It was then moved to the city of Washington until 1863 when St. George became the County Seat. By 1866, work had begun on the Washington County . . . — Map (db m1391) HM
Utah (Washington County), St. George — St. George Social Hall “Opera House”
At a time of colonization, colonizors of the Dixie Cotton Mission were struggling to survive, their leaders planned a higher priority on culture. The Mormon Prophet, Joseph Smith, taught that “man is that he might have joy.” His . . . — Map (db m1393) HM
Utah (Washington County), St. George — 97 — St. George Stake Tabernacle
In 1863, Orson Pratt, Amasa M. Lyman, erastus Snow, Apostles of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, laid the corner stones 18 months after pioneers arrived in St. George. Truman O. Angell, Sr. Architect. Miles Romney, Supt. of . . . — Map (db m1388) HM
Utah (Washington County), St. George — St. George Tabernacle
Less than a year after St. George was settled, residents were directed by Brigham Young to “build a building as soon as possible which would be commodious, substantial and well furnished with a seating capacity of 2,000.” The building, . . . — Map (db m1387) HM
Utah (Washington County), St. George — St. George Temple
When the Mormon pioneers arrived in Utah, they had left behind 2 temples—one in Kirkland, Ohio, and one in Nauvoo, Illinois. Work began on a temple in Salt Lake City in 1853, but was delayed for various reasons. Desirous of having a temple . . . — Map (db m1386) HM
Utah (Washington County), St. George — 14 — The Dixie Pioneers
In Memory of the Dixie Pioneers who were sent by President Brigham Young to colonize this section of territory. Fort Harmony was built in 1852. Treaties were made with the Indians and other settlements started where conditions were favorable. When . . . — Map (db m1396) HM
Utah (Washington County), St. George — 298 — The Stone Quarries
Mormon Pioneers came to St. George in 1861 where they found rocks of many kinds for building purposes. After Brigham Young, President of the L.D.S. Church, advised them to erect a large meeting house, long layers of red sandstone ten inches thick . . . — Map (db m59148) HM
Utah (Washington County), St. George — The Woodward School
When the first settlers arrived in St. George late in 1861, school was held in a wagon box, a tent, a willow shack, or whatever shelter could be improvised. By 1864, the first of four ward houses was completed. It was not until nearly the end of the . . . — Map (db m1389) HM
Utah (Washington County), St. George — The Woodward School
With the arrival of the families in St. George, school began. A tent, slates and a few books served students in the 1st Central School. Later school was held in different private homes and public buildings until this permanent school was completed . . . — Map (db m1390) HM
Utah (Washington County), St. George — 130 — Utah Is Rich in Aviation History
The first regularly scheduled overland passenger flight in the USA was made by Western Air Express on May 23, 1926, from Salt Lake City to Los Angeles. This 50-foot concrete arrow was one of four here in the St. George area, placed every 10 miles, . . . — Map (db m59016) HM
Utah (Washington County), St. George — 98 — Winter Home of Brigham Young
During construction of the St. George Temple, Brigham Young found the climate in this vicinity beneficial to his health, and decided to have a winter home built in St. George. On December 15, 1873, he arrived from the north and moved into his new . . . — Map (db m59071) HM
Utah (Washington County), Toquerville — In Honor of Chief Toquer
In early June 1854, eight members of the Southern Utah Indian Mission left Harmony to visit Toquer, chief of the Paiute Indian band living on lower Ash Creek. Chief Toquer's tribe referred to themselves as Paiute, Toquit, or Toquart Indians. They . . . — Map (db m59467) HM
Utah (Washington County), Toquerville — ToquerOld Jail Rock — 1860
Toquer Old Jail Rock 1860 — Map (db m59466) HM
Utah (Washington County), Toquerville — 81 — Toquerville
In 1854 President Brigham Young sent scouts to locate sites for settlement. Indians living here called it Toquer (Meaning Black). In 1858 eight families were sent from New Harmony to colonize here. They named it Toquerville, which became the county . . . — Map (db m59465) HM
Utah (Washington County), Washington — “Utah’s Dixie” Washington City
Founded 1857. This monument is erected in honor and memory of the founders of Washington City. The settlers who arrived 1857 were sent here by Brigham Young, president of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, for the purpose of . . . — Map (db m59317) HM
Utah (Washington County), Washington — Adair SpringBirthplace of Utah's Dixie — Washington City, Utah
In early 1857 Brigham Young called a group of Southerners on a cotton mission to southern Utah to raise cotton. Samuel Newton Adair, the leader of ten families, arrived at this spot Apr. 15, 1857, after leaving Payson, Utah on Mar. 3. They camped . . . — Map (db m59321) HM
Utah (Washington County), Washington — 430 — Covington Mansion
In 1857, Robert D. Covington, directed by Brigham Young, led twenty-eight families to Washington, Utah, to establish the "Cotton Mission." In 1859, a large structure was built that would serve as a meeting house for the Saints, a way station for the . . . — Map (db m59322) HM
Utah (Washington County), Washington — Historic Pine Valley Mountain
To the north stands historic Pine Valley Mountain, one of the best known and most historic mountains of the Southern Utah Rockies. Indian legends carry traditions of this imposing landmark back many generations. To the Mormon Pioneers it furnished . . . — Map (db m59323) HM
Utah (Washington County), Washington — Prominent Pioneer Men and Women Who Helped Settle Washington City
Present city officials and citizens of Washington City desired to pay tribute to early prominent pioneers who first settled here in 1857. These pioneers sacrificed their all while improving conditions in this harsh, dry, hot inhospitable, . . . — Map (db m59315) HM
Utah (Washington County), Washington — Relief Society HallBuilt 1875
The Relief Society Hall's main section was built in 1875 and the west wing about 1904. This makes the present "L" shaped building. Both sections were built of adobes that were produced locally. Its style of architecture is Greek Revival that . . . — Map (db m59312) HM
Utah (Washington County), Washington — S-3 — Robert D. Covington HouseUtah Historic Site
Built c. 1859 by Washington's first Bishop and leader of the 1857 Cotton Missionaries. Good example of pioneer stone work. — Map (db m59585) HM
Utah (Washington County), Washington — N-180 — Robert D. Covington HouseUtah Historic Site
This house was built c. 1859 for Robert D. Covington, leader of the Mormon colonizing group sent from Salt Lake City to establish a cotton industry in this warm region of the Utah Territory. The native sandstone building material was quarried 1/4 . . . — Map (db m59586) HM
Utah (Washington County), Washington — Telegraph Street / Millcreek Mills
Telegraph Street. When Washington was laid out in May, 1857, there was not a street named or located where Telegraph Street is today. It was not until the resurvey of January, 1873, ordered by Wm. Snow, Judge of the Probate Court dated December, . . . — Map (db m1444) HM
Utah (Washington County), Washington — The Granary
The first settlers of Washington City built granaries to store dry grains, tools, wine and other items. The sandstone and black lava rock in this reconstructed building came from the Morgan Adam granary which was originally located at 60 South . . . — Map (db m1315) HM
Utah (Washington County), Washington — Thomas W. Smith's Corn Cracker & Grist Millstone
Thomas Washington Smith was one of the original pioneers to settle Washington in 1857. He must have started to build his mill immediately after arriving the millstones were large and of granite and would have taken a Herculean effort to shape and . . . — Map (db m59314) HM
Utah (Washington County), Washington — Utah’s Dixie Birthplace, Washington City
Founded 1857.After the Adair and Covington companies meetings with Isaac C. Haight in May 1857, they immediately started to prepare the land to grow crops. William H. Crawford, secretary of the group, wrote to the Deseret News, May 7, 1857, . . . — Map (db m59316) HM
Utah (Washington County), Washington — Washington City 1857
Washington City was founded by 38 southern families in the spring of 1857. Brigham Young called these families to serve on a mission to grow cotton in an area explored by John D. Lee in 1852. The mission was called the Cotton or Southern Mission. . . . — Map (db m1442) HM
Utah (Washington County), Washington — M-21 — Washington Cotton Factory
Built 1865-1870 on orders from Brigham Young. Appleton Harmon supervised construction. Center of Dixie “Cotton Mission”. Operated as a co-operative business and briefly under private lease until c. 1900 — Map (db m1308) HM
Utah (Washington County), Washington — 213 — Washington Cotton Factory
Early in 1857 Brigham Young called Samuel Adair and Robert D. Covington as leaders of two companies of pioneers to settle here and grow cotton. In 1861 a Scandinavian company came to assist in the work. The town was named in honor of George . . . — Map (db m1309) HM
Utah (Washington County), Washington — ZCMI Co-op Building1872 - 1875
Official outlet of ZCMI (Zion's Co-operative Mercantile Institution), "America's First Department Store." This building housed the Zions Co-op Rio Virgin Manufacturing Company from 1872-1875. It was part of the ZCMI co-operative system which served . . . — Map (db m59313) HM
Utah (Washington County), Washington — ZCMI Co-op Building 1875–1921
Official outlet of ZCMI (Zion’s Co-operative Mercantile Institution), “America’s First Department Store.” This building housed the Washington Co-op from 1875 to 1921. It was part of the ZCMI co-operative system which served in the . . . — Map (db m59014) HM
Utah (Washington County), Zion National Park — Birth of a Park
Zion was little visited by outsiders during the 19th Century. The region's isolation began to erode in 1908, when Deputy Surveyor Leo Snow mapped the upper Virgin River for the U.S. Department of the Interior. Snow's report was so persuasive that . . . — Map (db m40420) HM
Utah (Washington County), Zion National Park — Cables from the Rim
Barely visible on the canyon rim are the ruins of a cableworks from the early 1900s. Mormon pioneers in the Zion area needed lumber for construction, but the good timber - ponderosa pine - was out of reach on the mesa above. Settlers had to haul . . . — Map (db m40444) HM
Utah (Washington County), Zion National Park — Original Inhabitants / Living Traditions
Original Inhabitants Native peoples lived in the Zion area long before the first Euro-Americans came to this canyon. "Southern Paiutes believe they have lived in this area since the time of creation. Because of the abundance of animals, . . . — Map (db m40425) HM
Utah (Washington County), Zion National Park — Promised Land
The early Mormon settlers of Springdale and other Virgin River communities were resourceful and enterprising farmers. Taking advantage of the natural water resources available on the canyon floor, they dug irrigation systems and planted corn, . . . — Map (db m40424) HM
Utah (Washington County), Zion National Park — Westward Expansion
Until the late 18th Century, Zion's only visitors were the original inhabitants of the region. The earliest appearance of Europeans came in 1776 when the Dominguez-Escalante expedition after abandoning their quest for an overland route to . . . — Map (db m80538) HM

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