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Highland County, Virginia Civil War markers. Use the “First >>” button above to see these markers in sequence.
Virginia (Highland County), McDowell — 150-W — Battle of McDowell
Stonewall Jackson, to prevent a junction of Fremont and Banks, took position on the hills just to the south and beat off the attacks of Fremont’s advance under Milroy, May 8, 1862. Milroy retreated that night. — Map (db m4232) HM
Virginia (Highland County), McDowell — Battle of McDowell
May 8, 1862, one mile southeast, Jackson and Edward Johnson, C.S.A. defeated Milroy and Schenck, U.S.A. This church served both Blue and Gray as a hospital. — Map (db m62929) HM
Virginia (Highland County), McDowell — Commemorating The Battle Of McDowellMay 8, 1862
Federals in action 4000, killed and wounded 256. Confederates in action 2500, killed and wounded 498. Confederate Officers Killed Captains                     Lieutentants Samuel Dawson           John K. Goldwire William L. Furlow           William A. Massey John McMillan           William H. Turpin James W. Patterson           James T. Woodward All of the 12th Georgia Regiment Colonel S.P. Gibbons...           10th Virginia Regiment Captain J. Whitmore ...         . . . — Map (db m4283) HM
Virginia (Highland County), Monterey — Town of MontereyHeadquarters Town
Monterey was headquarters for Confederates during much of the 1861 Mountain Campaign and headquarters for Federals prior to the fighting at McDowell. In the winter of 1861-1862, skirmishing occurred across the county as the frontier between the armies shifted from Allegheny Mountain, on the modern state line, to West View in Augusta County. Union forces occupied Monterey on April 6, 1862. The town remained in Federal hands until after the Battle of McDowell, May 8, 1862. The Osborne . . . — Map (db m16660) HM
Virginia (Highland County), Monterey — Highland County Confederate Monument
(Front):Erected by Highland Chapter United Daughters of the Confederacy 1918 (Back): To the Confederate Soldiers of Highland County A Loving Tribute to the Past, the Present, and the Future — Map (db m16663) HM
Virginia (Highland County), McDowell — W151 — Felix Hull House
This stately brick house was built about 1855 for Felix hull (ca. 1823-1861) in the Greek Revival style popular in the late antebellum period. During the Civil War, his widow, Eliza Mathews Hull, was living here on 7-8 May 1862 when the house was commandeered for headquarters by Union Brig. Gen. Robert H. Milroy and his superior, Brig. Gen. Robert C. Schenck. On 9 May, after the Battle of McDowell on Sitlington’s Hill just to the east, the victorious Maj. Gen. Thomas J’ “Stonewall” . . . — Map (db m16665) HM
Virginia (Highland County), McDowell — Village of McDowellBattle of McDowell — 1862 Valley Campaign
Union troops camped in the fields south of here between April 17, 1862, and the Battle of McDowell on May 8. They deployed artillery, including “two twelve pounders [that] were planted on the plateau in the read of [the church] so as to cover the bridge” over Bullpasture River. After the battle, wounded of both armies were cared for in the church. The dead were buried in its cemetery, across modern U.S. 250 (the old Staunton-to-Parkersburg Turnpike). The house of Confederate Capt. . . . — Map (db m62955) HM
Virginia (Highland County), McDowell — Battle of McDowellConfederates Hold the High Ground — 1862 Valley Campaign
Beyond the ridge you are facing is Sitlington’s Hill. On the afternoon of May 8, 1862, Gen. Edward “Allegheny” Johnson directed two brigades of Confederate infantry to take position on the hill facing the Federals across Bull Pasture Creek in front of the village of McDowell. As the afternoon grew late, the Federals commanded by Gen. Robert H. Milroy, crossed the swollen Bull Pasture Creek using the Staunton-Parkersburg Turnpike bridge and advanced against the right of Johnson’s . . . — Map (db m62904) HM
Virginia (Highland County), McDowell — The Battle of McDowellMcDowell Battlefield Trail
“God blessed our arms with victory at McDowell yesterday...” The McDowell Battlefield Trail is a 1.5 -mile hike that will take you to the battleline on top of Sitlington’s Hill—the scene of heavy fighting on May 8, 1862. Sitlington’s Hill is a spur of Bull Pasture Mountain, so the climb is very steep and should be made with caution. The trail is marked by blue blazes on trees along the route. The hike takes approximately two hours for a round trip. — Map (db m62903) HM
Virginia (Highland County), McDowell — The Battle of McDowellMay 8, 1862
In the spring of 1862 Confederate fortunes seemed to have gone from bad to worse. Union forces had won several key battles in the West, while the U.S. Navy was establishing its coastal blockade and Major General George B. McClellan’s Army of the Potomac threatened Richmond. General Robert E. Lee, military advisor to President Jefferson Davis, ordered a diversion to prevent additional Union reinforcements from being sent against the Confederate capital. Lee ordered Major General Thomas J/. . . . — Map (db m16680) HM
Virginia (Highland County), McDowell — The Battle of McDowellConfederates Climb Sitlington's Hill
“… (The 31st Virginia] came close to the 3rd and saluted them, and called them by name, and proceeded with the slaughter.” Andrew Price, 3rd Virginia Most of Stonewall Jackson’s Confederates climbed Sitlington’s Hill through a ravine off to your left. During the battle, the 31st Virginia Infantry may have reached the crest using the trail you just climbed. These Confederates had been guarding the road leading to McDowell when they exchanged fire with the union 3rd Virginia . . . — Map (db m16683) HM
Virginia (Highland County), McDowell — The Battle of McDowellUnion Troops Attack Jackson
Major General Edward Johnson commanded the Confederates on the crest overlooking the town of McDowell. Johnson spread his line along the hilltop, anchoring his right flank on the knoll to your right. Stonewall Jackson remained in the valley below, directing troops to Johnson’s aid. The Union commanders, Brigadier Generals Robert S. Schenk and Robert H. Milroy, feared the Confederates would haul cannon to the crest and bombard their positions. On the afternoon of May 8, 1862, Milroy attacked the . . . — Map (db m16685) HM
Virginia (Highland County), McDowell — The Battle of McDowellHeart of the Battlefield — Elevation – 2,815 Feet
The Confederate 12th Georgia Infantry Regiment held this exposed crest overlooking McDowell. Milroy’s Union troops assaulted this hilltop from two directions – on the left and the right. The Confederates held their ground against repeated attacks and suffered heavy losses. The Confederates took position along the ridge behind you, making an exposed angle in the line. At 9 p.m., the Union troops abandoned the slopes below this point and retreated. Stonewall Jackson had won the first hard . . . — Map (db m16689) HM
Virginia (Highland County), West Augusta — “The Shenandoah Mountain Pass is grand indeed…”
As “Stonewall” Jackson’s Army passed through the gap on their way down to McDowell, Virginia one soldier wrote: Tuesday 13th May 1862 I have been struck with the wild & mountain scenery. The Shenandoah Mt. Pass is grand indeed, you asend to the very top of the mountain & from there you see as far as the eyes can reach, Mtn. after Mtn. in every variety of shape & grandeur whilst away down below a little valley & stream with winding road, winding around from Mt. to Mt. to descend . . . — Map (db m16771) HM
Virginia (Highland County), West Augusta — Confederate Breastworks Interpretive Trail
You are standing in the middle of what was once Fort Edward Johnson. Confederate soldiers built this fort in 1862 under the command of Brigadier general Edward Johnson, a career officer from Virginia. Look to your right, and then left across the highway for what remains of the mile of trench and breastworks. They were built by Confederate soldiers to defend the Shenandoah Valley from an invasion by Union Troops marching from the west. In the early spring of 1862, this fort was garrisoned by . . . — Map (db m16772) HM
Virginia (Highland County), West Augusta — Welcome to Fort Edward Johnson
My name is Shepherd Green Pryor, but my friends and family call me “Shep.” I was elected First Lieutenant of the Muckalee Guards, Company A, 12th Regiment, Georgia Volunteer Infantry. We’ve just survived a cold Virginia winter on the top of Allegheny Mountain – a long way from our warm homes in Sumter County, Georgia. Walk with me on this 0.5-mile trail while I share with you my experiences guarding Fort Johnson during the spring of 1862. Through my letters home to my dear . . . — Map (db m16773) HM
Virginia (Highland County), West Augusta — Fort Edward Johnson
On April 19, 1862, General Johnson, with General Lee’s approval, moved our regiment from Allegheny Mountain to Shenandoah Mountain. To protect ourselves from Yankee bullets, we dug about a mile of trench in this rocky ground. We then opened our field of fire by cutting down trees on the western slopes – the direction the Union Army was coming from. We made breastworks by first piling logs laid on the downhill side of the trench, and then piling dirt on the outside of the logs. Our . . . — Map (db m16775) HM
Virginia (Highland County), West Augusta — “... tolerable well fortified”
My Dear Penelope Wee are now tolerable well fortified; got 12 pieces of cannon and places all fixed for the men to shoot from; that is, fortifications for cannon with openings to shoot through so the men can man the cannon and not be exposed to the enemy while doing it. Wee also have ditches for our infantry to get in so the enemy can’t use their long ranged guns to any advantage over our short ranged guns, for they cant hurt us untill they get as close as wee want them. Give my love to all. I am yours, Shep — Map (db m86203) HM
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