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Warren County, Virginia Civil War markers. Use the “First >>” button above to see these markers in sequence.
Virginia (Warren County), Front Royal — J-8 — Capture of Front Royal
Stonewall Jackson, Moving against Banks, captured this town from a Union force under Colonel Kenly, May 23, 1862. — Map (db m587) HM
Virginia (Warren County), Front Royal — The CourthouseFront Royal Street Fighting — Battle of Front Royal, May 23, 1862
As Gen. Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson’s army pushed its way into Front Royal, Col. Bradley T. Johnson’s 1st Maryland Infantry (CSA) confronted Col. John R. Kenly’s 1st Maryland Infantry (US). The street fighting grew especially hot here, between the Warren County Court House and the Confederate military hospital just across the street to the west. Federal troops delivered “hot musketry fire” from the large windows of one of the two-story hospital buildings, . . . — Map (db m588) HM
Virginia (Warren County), Front Royal — JD-1 — Belle Boyd and Jackson
Near here Stonewall Jackson was met by the spy, Belle Boyd, and informed of the position of the Union troops at Front Royal, May 23, 1862. Jackson was advancing northward attempting to get between Banks’ army and Winchester. — Map (db m57966) HM
Virginia (Warren County), Front Royal — Richardson’s HillKenly Makes His Stand — Battle of Front Royal, May 23, 1862
Directly in front of you is the “commanding height” where Union Col. John H. Kenly made his last attempt to hold Front Royal. Atop Richardson’s Hill—this “cherty” ridge, as Gen. Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson called it—Kenly posted the two-gun section of Knap s Battery E, Pennsylvania Light Artillery. The two ten-pounder Parrott rifled cannons, commanded by Lt. Charles Atwell, pinned down the Confederates on the plain below while Kenly’s . . . — Map (db m803) HM
Virginia (Warren County), Front Royal — Execution of Mosby’s Rangers“The ‘dark day’ of 1864” — Mosby’s Confederacy
"Mosby will hang ten of you for every one of us!" were William Thomas Overby’s last words to his executioners before the rope tightened around his neck here on Richardson’s Hill. This was the final scene of a tragedy that began less than two hours earlier when Union cavalrymen captured six of Lt. Col. John S. Mosby’s Rangers a few miles south of Front Royal on September 23, 1864. Believing that Mosby’s men had killed a Union officer after he surrendered, the Federals executed them in . . . — Map (db m804) HM
Virginia (Warren County), Front Royal — Battle of Front Royal
May 23, 1862, General Jackson surprised General Banks’ forces in and around Front Royal, capturing many prisoners and army supplies and forcing Banks to flee in disorder out of the Shenandoah Valley into Maryland. This was the first move in Jackson’s celebrated ‘Valley Campaign’. — Map (db m1541) HM
Virginia (Warren County), Front Royal — J 17 — Brother Against Brother
The First Maryland Regiment, U.S.A., was part of the force holding this town when it was attacked by Stonewall Jackson, May 23, 1862. With Jackson was the First Maryland Regiment, C.S.A. The two regiments were arrayed against each other. — Map (db m1552) HM
Virginia (Warren County), Front Royal — Front RoyalCrossroads of War
During the Civil War, Front Royal, a “cross-roads town” of fewer than 600 residents, was the economic center of Warren County. One soldier described the town as “...quite rural. The principal objects of interest are two small churches and the town pump. The streets run all manner of ways, crossing each other at all points of the angle. Terrifically muddy and awfully gloomy.” The homes of Bel Air, Rose Hill, Bon Air, Oakley and Hillcrest, now absorbed in the town, . . . — Map (db m2436) HM
Virginia (Warren County), Front Royal — Front RoyalBattle of Front Royal — 1862 Valley Campaign
On May 23, 1862, Front Royal was occupied by 1000 Federal troops (1st Maryland Infantry, 29th Pennsylvania and a battery of Knap’s Artillery) under the command of Col. J. R. Kenley In the early afternoon Confederate Gen. T. J. “Stonewall” Jackson, after advancing his army north during the morning hours on the Luray Road, ordered Col. Bradley Johnson’s and Col. Roberdeau Wheat’s Louisiana Battalion forward. Kenly’s Federal infantry pickets were driven back from their positions . . . — Map (db m2439) HM
Virginia (Warren County), Front Royal — J 9 — Execution of Mosby’s Men
On 23 Sept. 1864 in a fight south of town, some of Lt. Col. John S. Mosby’s Rangers mortally wounded Lt. Charles McMaster, 2nd U. S. Cavalry, after he allegedly surrendered. Union Gen. Alfred T. A. Torbert’s cavalrymen retaliated by executing six captured Rangers nearby. They shot David L. Jones and Lucien Love behind the Methodist Church, Thomas E. Anderson beneath an Elm Tree, and Front Royal Resident Henry Rhodes in a field in front of Rose Hill. They hanged William Thomas Overby and a . . . — Map (db m2447) HM
Virginia (Warren County), Front Royal — J 11 — Guard Hill Engagement
In Aug. 1864, part of Confederate Lt. Gen. Richard H. Anderson’s corps threatened the left of Union Maj. Gen. Philip H. Sheridan’s army. As Brig. Gen. Wesley Merritt’s division approached on 15 Aug. to protect the Federal flank. Anderson ordered Brig. Gen. William T. Wofford’s infantry brigade and Brig. Gen. Williams C. Wickham’s cavalry brigade across the Shenandoah River to confront Merritt. Wickham was overwhelmed, however, on 16 Aug., and his troopers retreated toward Front Royal while . . . — Map (db m2449) HM
Virginia (Warren County), Front Royal — FairviewKenly’s Last Stand — Battle of Front Royal - May 23, 1862
This stone structure, known as Fairview, was the home of Thomas McKay. On this site Union Col. John R. Kenly rallied the 1st Maryland Infantry (USA) for a last stand as the Confederates approached. Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson had ordered Col. Thomas S. Flournoy's 6th Virginia Cavalry in pursuit as Kenly's troops retreated from Guard Hill north on the Front Royal Turnpike toward Winchester. While Kenley strove in vain to deploy his men in the fields and orchard here, Flournoy's cavalry . . . — Map (db m2958) HM
Virginia (Warren County), Front Royal — Prospect Hill CemeteryJackson Prepares for Battle — Battle of Front Royal - May 23, 1862
Devoid of trees in 1862, this hill afforded Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson's troops their first good look at Front Royal and the deployments of the Union garrison here. Approaching from the south on the Gooney Manor Road (now Browntown Road), Col. Stapleton Crutchfield, Jackson's artillery chief, posted a battery here. The smoothbore cannon, however, lacked the range to reach the Union guns on Richardson's Hill, a mile an three quarters further north. Lt. Samuel J. Simpson, a native of the . . . — Map (db m2959) HM
Virginia (Warren County), Front Royal — Bel AirHome of Lucy Buck, Diarist — Battle of Front Royal - May 23, 1862
A remarkable number of Front Royal residents recorded the battle in their diaries. At least five of these diaries survive to reveal the civilian side of the Civil War, usually absent from official military records or soldiers' letters. One of the most colorful diaries was kept by Lucy Buck, the 19-year-old daughter of William M. and Elizabeth A. Buck. Lucy witnessed the action from her parents' home, Bel Air, which was built in 1795. Her father was a leading merchant and citizen of Front . . . — Map (db m2962) HM
Virginia (Warren County), Front Royal — The Bridges“Torch the Bridges!” — Battle of Front Royal - May 23, 1862
Flanked out of his position on Richardson's Hill, Union Col. John R. Kenly hurried his command north to the bridges spanning the forks of the Shenandoah River. At this spot on the South Fork stood the Front Royal Turnpike Bridge, and the Manassas Gap Railroad bridge was located just east. Another bridge led over the North Fork. As the Federals crossed the bridges, the 1st Maryland Infantry (CSA) pressed the Union rear and the Louisianans attacked the flanks. Kenly's troops burned their tents . . . — Map (db m2975) HM
Virginia (Warren County), Front Royal — Rose HillCombat in the Front Yard — Battle of Front Royal May 23, 1862
Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson's Maryland and Louisiana troops had steadily pushed Col. John R. Kenly's 1st Maryland Infantry (US) north, despite occasionally fierce street fighting, until they reached this point. The Confederates halted abruptly when Union artillery and infantry on Richardson's Hill opened fire. Col. Bradley T. Johnson quickly reorganized his battle line, posting the 1st Maryland Infantry (CSA) on the right and Maj. Chatham Roberdeau Wheat's battalion on the left. As the . . . — Map (db m2977) HM
Virginia (Warren County), Front Royal — Asbury Chapel“1st Maryland to the Front!” — Battle of Front Royal - May 23, 1862
Early on the morning of Friday, May 23, 1862, Gen. Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson paused here at Asbury Chapel well in advance of his 16,000-man army. Although he was familiar with the main roads to Front Royal, Jackson knew that the terrain through which they passed would restrict his troop-deployment options. He also wanted to find a route concealed from his Union adversary at Strasburg, Gen. Nathaniel Banks, who still thought Jackson was in the main part of the Shenandoah Valley . . . — Map (db m3647) HM
Virginia (Warren County), Front Royal — Belle BoydJackson Prepares for Battle — Battle of Front Royal - May 23, 1862
Early in the warm afternoon, Gen. Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson and Gen. Richard S. Ewell and their staffs stopped here at the head of Jackson’s army. As the two commanders studied the ground leading to Front Royal, Capt. Henry Kyd Douglas, one of Jackson’s aides caught the attention of Capt. G. Campbell Brown of Ewell’s staff. Brown later wrote that he focused his gaze on “a woman running like mad down from the hill on our right…gesticulating wildly to us.” Douglas, at . . . — Map (db m3649) HM
Virginia (Warren County), Front Royal — Guard Hill“Oh, What an Opportunity for Artillery!” — Battle of Front Royal - May 23, 1862
Closely pursued by the 8th Louisiana Infantry, Union Col. John R. Kenly's rear guard occupied Guard Hill just west of here. The two-gun section of Knap's Battery E, Pennsylvania Light Artillery, commanded by Lt. Charles Atwell, covered part of the peninsula between the North and South Forks of the Shenandoah River as the Confederates surged toward the North Fork Bridge. As the Confederate forces crossed the South Fork onto the peninsula, Kenly's Union troops deployed on the Winchester side of . . . — Map (db m3736) HM
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