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Battle of Prairie Grove by Markers Use the “First >>” button above to see these markers in sequence.
Arkansas (Washington County), Prairie Grove — Battle of Prairie Grove — December 7, 1862
The battle on this field was fought between the Confederate army of General T.C. Hindman (Arkansas) and Federal forces commanded by Generals James G. Blunt (Kansas) and F.J. Herron (Iowa). Battlefield Park occupies the approximate center of the Confederate position. From 10 A.M. to 2 P.M. the contest was between Herron, attacking from the north, and the Confederate defenders of this ridge. From 2 o'clock until dark, the battle was chiefly against Blunt's army, attacking from the northwest. . . . — Map (db m35248) HM
Arkansas (Washington County), Prairie Grove — Hindman Hall Museum — National Register of Historic Places
(Upper Plaque):This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior (Lower Plaque): Hindman Hall Museum At bequest by Biscoe Hindman, son of General Thomas C. Hindman who commanded Confederate forces during the battle of Prairie Grove, provided $100,000 to establish on the battlefield a "suitable memorial" to his father and the brave men and officers who fought in that battle.1965 — Map (db m35253) HM
Arkansas (Washington County), Prairie Grove — March of the Armies — December 3-7, 1862
General Hindman on the Arkansas River planned to drive General Blunt's Federal army out of northwest Arkansas. The Confederate army left Van Buren on December 3. Enroute north, Hindman learned that Blunt had called for help from General Herron at Wilson's Creek, Mo., and that the latter was already on the march. Hindman decided to bypass Blunt at Cane Hill and march to intercept Herron. Herron's army made a forced march of 100 miles in 3 days and ran into the Confederate advance early on the . . . — Map (db m35255) HM
Arkansas (Washington County), Prairie Grove — Battlefield Park
The original 10 acres of Battlefield Park were purchased in 1908 by the Prairie Grove chapter of the United Daughters of the Confederacy and maintained by the U.D.C. for nearly 50 years as a memorial park. From 1886 to 1926 an annual reunion of Confederate veterans was held on this site. The State of Arkansas in 1957 created a Prairie Grove Battlefield Commission which added 55 acres to the Park area and developed the Park as a battle memorial. Members of the first Commission, appointed by . . . — Map (db m35272) HM
Arkansas (Washington County), Prairie Grove — Major General Thomas C. Hindman
Thomas C. Hindman commanded the Confederate army in the battle of Prairie Grove. He was born 1828 in Tennessee. Served in the War with Mexico, later moving from Mississippi to Helena, Ark. Was elected to Congress in 1859. In 1861 he entered the Confederate army as a Colonel and won promotion to Major General at the battle of Shiloh. Transferred to the Trans-Mississippi Department, he raised the army that fought at Prairie Grove. He later fought in many battles in Tennessee, Georgia, and North Carolina. — Map (db m35275) HM
Arkansas (Washington County), Prairie Grove — Rhea's Mill — Battle Monument
This tower was the chimney of Rhea's Mill, which stood 6 miles northwest of this spot. The mill was operated by the Federal army before and after the battle of Prairie Grove. General Blunt's supply train was at Rhea's during the battle, under guard of General Frederick Salomon's troops. The tower is 55 feet high and weighs 200,000 pounds. It is 8 feet square at the base and tapers to 4 by 4 feet at the top. It contains 700 stones. The chimney was taken down at Rhea's and reerected here as a . . . — Map (db m35276) HM
Arkansas (Washington County), Prairie Grove — Generals James G. Blunt and Francis J. Herron
General James G. Blunt General Blunt of Kansas commanded the First Division of the Federal army in the battle of Prairie Grove. He was made Brigadier General in April 1862 and given command of all Kansas troops. His army was at Cane Hill December 6, 1862 but reached this field at 2 p.m. on December 7, to relieve General Herron's army. General Francis J. Herron General Herron of Iowa, in command of the 2nd and 3rd divisions of the Federal Army, was encamped at Wilson's Creek, Mo., when . . . — Map (db m35277) HM
Arkansas (Washington County), Prairie Grove — Blunt's Attack
From this spot the observer is viewing the terrain over which General James G. Blunt's 1st Division advanced on the afternoon of December 7, 1862, to attack the Confederate left and relieve the pressure on General F. J. Herron's 2nd and 3rd divisions which had been engaged since early morning. Blunt had been in camp at Cane Hill and was bypassed by General T. C. Hindman's army on the night of December 6. Blunt marched his men to Rhea's Mill on Sunday morning, December 7, and entered the battle here at 2 o'clock in the afternoon. — Map (db m35329) HM
Arkansas (Washington County), Prairie Grove — General Shaver's Headquarters
During the Battle of Prairie Grove Gen. Robt. G. Shaver established his head- quarters under this tree Dec. 7, 1862 This spot marked by U.D.C. June 20, 1932. — Map (db m35332) HM
Arkansas (Washington County), Prairie Grove — Historic Wall
The circular stone wall that encloses the Battle Monument is built of stones from historic structures of Washington County. Some 40 communities are represented, including the pioneer settlements at Cane Hill, Cincinnati, Viney Grove, Rhea's Mill, Mt. Comfort, Springdale, Elkins, Farmington, Fayetteville, and others. The stones are from early schools and churches, mills, postoffices, colleges, stage-coach stations and pioneer homes. They include building stones from old Cane Hill College, Ozark . . . — Map (db m35360) HM
Arkansas (Washington County), Prairie Grove — Morrow House — Confederate Headquarters
This house, built about 1855, was the home of the John Morrow family, and originally stood on Cove Creek 9 miles south of here. On the night before the battle of Prairie Grove, Confederate General T.C. Hindman met with his division and brigade commanders in this house and made final plans for battle. The army left the Morrow farm for Prairie Grove at 4 o'clock on the morning of December 7, 1862. This house also sheltered General Sterling Price in February 1862 when Price's army was enroute to the battle of Pea Ridge. — Map (db m35361) HM
Arkansas (Washington County), Prairie Grove — The Lord's Vineyard
This 2-story log house and out-buildings were erected by John Latta about 1834 on Evansville Creek, 12 miles southwest of this spot. The Latta settlement was called Vineyard from "The Lord's Vineyard." Vineyard was the first postoffice in Washington County (1829). John Latta was postmaster from 1835 to 1838 and conducted the office in this house. It was also a stop on the early stage route from Fayetteville and Cane Hill to Van Buren. This house figured in many of the stirring events of pioneer . . . — Map (db m35363) HM
Arkansas (Washington County), Prairie Grove — Archibald Borden House
The heaviest casualties were around the Archibald Borden house and orchard. The first house was burned the day after the battle. Mr. Borden built this house on the site of the original in 1872. Charles W. Walker, 34th Arkansas Infantry, recalled: "The once peaceful valley, now a field of carnage was swept with shot, shell, grape, and canister. The shriek of the wounded and the groan of the dying often rose above the din of battle. The Borden Orchard... was the storm center around which the . . . — Map (db m35365) HM
Arkansas (Washington County), Prairie Grove — 3 — Blocher's Arkansas Battery
Blocher's Arkansas Battery was the focal point of the Union attacks. A sergeant in the battery reported: "...The enemy advanced upon us with their artillery, under cover of their infantry, until within range of our battery when they opened a most disastrous fire on us from both arms. Hail from Heaven never fell thicker than the shot, shell, and minie balls did for minutes. Having no support, Captain Blocher ordered our men to fall back and save themselves... we discovered our men forming . . . — Map (db m35411) HM
Arkansas (Washington County), Prairie Grove — Herron's Attack
From this spot the observer is viewing the fields over which General F.J. Herron's army advanced on the morning of December 7, 1862, to attack the Confederate position on this ridge. Because the ford of the Illinois River was under artillery fire, Herron crossed northwest of the ford, or almost directly north of this spot. His army consisted of troops from Missouri, Iowa, Illinois, Wisconsin, Indiana, and Arkansas. Herron's divisions bore the brunt of the battle until 2 P.M., when Blunt's army . . . — Map (db m35415) HM
Arkansas (Washington County), Prairie Grove — The Dead of Prairie Grove
The men who died on this field on December 7, 1862 are buried in the soldier cemeteries in Fayetteville. 700 unknown Confederate soldiers are in the cemetery maintained by the Southern Memorial Association on East Mountain. The Union dead are in the Fayetteville National Cemetery. The commanding Generals reported 339 dead and 1,630 wounded in action. The records show that many of the wounded died -- 430 in the army hospitals of Fayetteville, 150 in the churches and homes of Cane Hill, and . . . — Map (db m35416) HM
Arkansas (Washington County), Prairie Grove — 8 — 26th Indiana and 37th Illinois Infantry
The 26th Indiana Infantry and the 37th Illinois Infantry made another attack up the ridge. Colonel John G. Clark, 26th Indiana, U.S.A., wrote: "The regiment was ... ordered on the left of the 37th Illinois...Soon after...they were ordered to charge the enemy, who were strongly posted on a hill covered with timber. My regiment succeeded in reaching...75 yards beyond the crest of the hill, but was overpowered... and driven back in considerable disorder, but rallied...The regiment was...ordered . . . — Map (db m35421) HM
Arkansas (Washington County), Prairie Grove — 9 — Lieutenant Colonel John C. Black
Lieutenant Colonel John C. Black, 37th Illinois Infantry, ordered the retreat of his regiment and the 26th Indiana to a fence at the foot of the ridge. There, the men faced a Confederate counterattack. Captain William P. Black, brother of Lieutenant Colonel Black, wrote his mother about what happened next: "...we had the rebels now just where we had always wanted them, on level clear ground, and we felt now was an hour of vengeance. The regiment rose as one, and poured in a volley...which . . . — Map (db m35423) HM
Arkansas (Washington County), Prairie Grove — 2 — 29th Arkansas Infantry
Brothers Columbus and Ad Gray of Company D, 29th Arkansas Infantry, withstood the first Union assault and counterattacked with Sergeant Ad Gray in the lead. Columbus Gray wrote home after seeing his brother fall mortally wounded: "I stopped, squatted down by him, and laid my hand on his head and I said, 'Oh my brother whare [sic] are you hurt?' I saw that he was breathing his last...It almost run me distracted. I did not know what to do. I knew I could not do him any good by staying there . . . — Map (db m35430) HM
Arkansas (Washington County), Prairie Grove — West Battlefield Overlook
(Panels from Left to Right) (First Panel): At the time of the battle, Nancy Morton lived with her parents in the William Morton house west of this location. When the fighting intensified in the area, the Mortons and three other families scrambled into the root cellar for protection. As Nancy recalled in 1896: "...We all remained in the cellar until dark, but I went into the house several times to get victuals and some bedclothes and wraps for the children. They fought through and . . . — Map (db m35434) HM
Arkansas (Washington County), Prairie Grove — Cumberland Presbyterian Church
Site of the first Cumberland Presbyterian Church. Used as a hospital during the battle of Prairie Grove 1862 marked by Prairie Grove Chapter U.D.C. 1930. — Map (db m88394) HM
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