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Virtual Tour by Markers of the Jackson Flank March and Attack. Use the “First >>” button above to see these markers in sequence.
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Chancellorsville — Chancellorsville Campaign
May 2, 1863. Having lost the Furnace, the 23rd Georgia Regiment established a new line here in the bed of the Unfinished Railroad. Other troops reinforced the position. During late afternoon, while Jackson's front lines were hitting the Federal right, the rearguard Confederates fell back according to orders. Colonel Best, however, received the word too late. Although he and a few of his men escaped, the bulk of the 23rd Georgia was captured. This railroad then comprised a series of graded . . . — Map (db m3906) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Ordeal of the Wellfords — The Battle of Chancellorsville
In December 1862 the Wellford family fled Fredericksburg to escape the ravages of battle. Five months later war found them again - here, in a commodious brick home that stood in the field in front of you. On April 30, Union troops arrived. "About 20 visited us," wrote Evelina Wellford, "searching the house for arms and Confederates, shooting the fowls, and stealing provisions, of which we had a scant supply." On May 2, as Jackson's flanking column passed by and the rattle of approaching Union . . . — Map (db m3919) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Rearguard Action — The Battle of Fredericksburg
On May 2, 1863, as the tail end of Stonewall Jackson's flanking column neared the Wellford place, Union infantry launched an attack. They struck Jackson's rearguard (the 23rd Georgia) a half-mile to the north, at Catharine Furnace. From there, they fought a running battle to the Wellford farm. Confederate artillery unlimbered in the yard of the Wellford house to help repel a Union assault. Outnumbered, the Georgians fell back to the protection of a railroad embankment, still visible inside the . . . — Map (db m11432) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Chancellorsville Campaign
Jackson's marching soldiers filled this narrow road from shoulder to shoulder making it slow and tedious work for any mounted officer to pass along the column. One of Stonewall's aides, Captain James Power Smith, attempted to catch up to the General at the head of the troops. Smith was greeted with good-natured jeers and taunts as his horse struggled in the dense thickets on the roadside. "Better hurry up or you'll catch it for getting behind," "Have a good breakfast this morning sonny?" "Tell . . . — Map (db m3920) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Chancellorsville Campaign
Jackson's most direct route toward the enemy's flank lay in the right turn onto the Brock Road here. Instead of following that route he turned left, or southward, proceeded a quarter of a mile, and then turned right into a parallel woods road. This brought him back into the Brock Road a couple of miles northward. — Map (db m3921) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Chancellorsville Campaign
May 2, 1863. Deluding the enemy was the secret of Jackson's success. Since his troops had been observed from Federal signal stations as they marched across the front of Hooker's army, he turned them south on the Brock Road to create the impression that he was in full retreat along the road to Spotsylvania Court House. Reaching a point where the head of his column was concealed from the Federals by dense forests, he turned sharply right, going north along this woodland trail which parallels the Brock Road, to complete his flanking movement. — Map (db m3927) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Chancellorsville Campaign
If a balloonist had been high overhead, Jackson's column might have resembled a huge serpent as it wound through the forest. Closer up, it became thousands of marchers in worn battle dress. From this point, they stretched back about six miles to the Lee-Jackson bivouac, followed by a tail of cannon and wagons extending four miles beyond that area. "Old Jack's food cavalry" gratefully trod a road neither too wet or dusty, but the dewy morning turned to hot midday. They would welcome a stream in the dry woodland. — Map (db m3929) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Chancellorsville Campaign
May 2, 1863. Hour by hour, the long gray columns of Jackson's Corps splashed through the shallow ford here, which was not stone-paved then, stirring the crossing into a mud hole. Before the water of this branch of Poplar Run ran clear again in its course toward the distant York, "Stonewall" Jackson and hundreds of his marchers were to fall dead or wounded. Many would never cross another earthly stream. — Map (db m3931) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Chancellorsville Campaign
"Stonewall" Jackson's way here was a woodland road west of and parallel to the Brock Road. This park trail approximates the old appearance. No tar, asphalt, or cement highway existed in the 1860's. Even the best of that time, the stone turnpikes and plank roads, were inferior to present day gravel roads maintained by modern machinery. The trench remains here are part of the Federal line in the Wilderness operations of May 1864, a year after Jackson's march. — Map (db m3932) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Chancellorsville Campaign
May 2, 1863. The head of Jackson's column reached this point about 12:30 p.m. Eight miles away, the rear , under fire of Federal guns, was closing up near the Catharine Furnace. Jackson planned to turn the column right onto the Plank Road (1 mile ahead). Then General Fitzhugh Lee came galloping south. While the troops rested, the young cavalryman and Jackson advanced to a hill on the Plank Road from which Lee showed him that the Federal right was extended too far west to be outflanked by the . . . — Map (db m3934) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Pressing the Attack — The Battle of Chancellorsville
That evening, as the fighting subsided, Confederate officers reassembled their commands in the clearing surrounding Wilderness Church, one-half mile in front of you. The attack had taken a heavy toll on the army's organization. Units had become mixed. Some men wandered off in search of food or water; others plundered abandoned Union camps. It would take time to get his corps back into fighting trim, but Jackson could not wait. The Confederate army was divided. Decisive action by Hooker might . . . — Map (db m3938) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — The Flying Dutchmen — The Battle of Chancellorsville
The target of Jackson's attack was General Oliver O. Howard's Eleventh Corps, which extended for more than a mile along the Orange Turnpike. The Eleventh Corps was relatively new to the Army of the Potomac. Its 11,000 men included a large percentage of German immigrants - men with names like Peisser and Buschbeck, Schurz and Schimmelfennig. Union pickets had warned Howard of the enemy's approach, but he had ignored their reports. Headquarters had assured him that the Confederate army was in . . . — Map (db m3939) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Jackson Attacks — The Battle of Chancellorsville
"You can go forward then." With those words "Stonewall" Jackson unleashed one of the most famous and successful attacks of the Civil War. On the afternoon of May 2, 1862, Jackson led 30,000 men of his Second Corps to a point just beyond the Union army's right flank, located in this vicinity. He deployed his men astride the Orange Turnpike (modern Route 3) in three lines of battle, each one-half mile or more in length. Two hours before sunset, Jackson struck. As his men struggled through the . . . — Map (db m3941) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Chancellorsville — 154th New York State Volunteer Infantry
(front): 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 11th Corps "The Hardtack Regiment" Anchor of the Buschbeck Line Near Dowdall's Tavern Battle of Chancellorsville May 2, 1863 (back): 590 present for duty 240 killed, wounded, and captured Dedicated to the memory of the regiment by its descendants May 1996 — Map (db m5460) HM
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