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In Memory of Eight Ball - Morale Officer Marker image, Click for more information
By Bill Kirchner, March 14, 2010
In Memory of Eight Ball - Morale Officer Marker
Arizona (La Paz County), Bouse — 120 — In Memory of Eight Ball - Morale OfficerEquus asinus — Camp Bouse
He was our drinking buddy While on duty He drank our beer He was Full of good cheer And went to the nurses' quarters around the bend And came to an untimely end, Of the Colonel, he was unaware That it would be the crime of all time . . . — Map (db m78536) HM
California (Inyo County), Death Valley Junction — 51 — Death Valley Junction
This historic crossroad has been used by Indians, Clampers, Death Valley 49ers, ranchers, farmers, settlers and tourists. The town was originally called Amargosa. In 1907, the name was changed to Death Valley Junction. At this junction, the Tonopah . . . — Map (db m78583) HM
California (Kern County), Johannesburg — 18 — Red Mountain
One of the richest silver strikes occurred in the community of Red Mountain. The Kelly and Grady claims started a silver boom which brought prosperity to this region in the 1900's. In one 60 day period over $170,000 in silver was mined from a hole . . . — Map (db m78593) HM
California (Kern County), Red Mountain — 8 — The Owl Hotel
The Owl Hotel where the action was! Dedicated to Hattie, Little Eva and the girls of the line. While the men mined silver, they dug for gold. — Map (db m78597) HM
California (Riverside County), Aguanga — 15 — Jacob Bergman1832 - 1894
Gracious Host Station Keeper Stage Driver U.S. Trooper "A house beside the road - A friend to man" — Map (db m78595) HM
California (Riverside County), Anza — 20 — Juan Diego Flats
In this valley a conflict between the culture of the Indian and the white man resulted in the death of Juan Diego (Alessandro of the play Romona) by the hands of Sam Temple. — Map (db m78591) HM
California (Riverside County), Banning — 60 — Banning Woman's Club Clubhouse
Built in 1915, the Banning Woman's Club Clubhouse is a frame building in the classical revival style with a plain entablature, simple doric columns, and palladian windows, as well as providing a meeting place for the woman's club, the socal and . . . — Map (db m50710) HM
California (Riverside County), Blythe — 49 — Taylor's Ferry
When Jim Taylor acquired his ferry in 1922, he had just completed his connecting, hand-made highway on both sides of the Colorado River. His plan to attract the Los Angeles to Phoenix traffic had faded with the continued success of the . . . — Map (db m78584) HM
California (Riverside County), Blythe — 11 — Wiley Well
A.P. Wiley, storekeeper and postmaster at Palo Verde, financed miners to prospect this area early in the1900s. He also financed the first well, approximately 9 miles southerly of here, it was used and maintained for years by prospectors and . . . — Map (db m50671) HM
California (Riverside County), Chiriaco Summit — 106 — Camp Young AirstripCamp Young - Headquarters — Desert Training Center California-Arizona Maneuver Area
The Camp Young Airstrip was established at this site in March 1942 by order of General George S. Patton. It was used to provide Camp Young with supplies and other essential material. It supported air transportation for the command staff of the . . . — Map (db m78550) HM
California (Riverside County), Chiriaco Summit — 94 — Desert Training CenterCalifornia-Arizona Maneuver Area — Veterans Memorial
This monument is dedicated to the men and women of the United States Army who were trained here at the Desert Training Center during World War II. — Map (db m78559) HM
California (Riverside County), Chiriaco Summit — Romero PassBradshaw-Grant Pass
California-Arizona Route 1824 — Map (db m99274) HM
California (Riverside County), Chiriaco Summit — 113 — The Chiriaco Family
Joseph L. Chiriaco came to California from Alabama in 1925. His work as a surveyor for the Los Angeles Bureau of Water and Power and later for the Metropolitan Water District on the Colorado River aqueduct, begun in 1931, brought him to the desert . . . — Map (db m78543) HM
California (Riverside County), Chuckwalla — 87 — Shaver's Well
Dedicated to the man behind the well John Shaver 1854 - 1935 — Map (db m78565) HM
California (Riverside County), Corona — CHL 185 — Site of First House in Riverside CountySerrano Boulder
Built about 1824 by Leandro Serrano — Map (db m56629) HM
California (Riverside County), Corona — 224 — Site of Third Serrano Adobe
Nearby, an adobe house was built about 1867. It was occupied until 1898 by Leandro Serrano's widow, Josefa. Under Spanish law, she owned the surrounding 20,000-acre Rancho Temescal; but her ownership was denied by the US Supreme Court. — Map (db m50645) HM
California (Riverside County), Corona — Tanning Vat
Tanning Vat Built in 1819 by Leonardo Serrano Site Restored by TR 172 El Capitan Dist. BSA — Map (db m51463) HM
California (Riverside County), Desert Center — 11 — Gus Lederer 1868-1932
Prospector Burro Fancier Vegetable Gardener "Mayor of Corn Springs" — Map (db m78596) HM
California (Riverside County), Indio — 116 — Dr. June Robertson McCarroll
Dr. June Robertson McCarroll was born June 30, 1867 in the Adirondacks and began her medical career in Chicago. She left a promising practice for Indio in 1904. Becoming the sole practicing physician for the entire Coachella Valley. She traveled by . . . — Map (db m78540) HM
California (Riverside County), Mountain Center — 132 — Kenworthy
Lured by the promise of rich gold ore in the nearby Tahquitz Mining District, Harold Kenworthy arrived in Hemet Valley (now Garner Valley) in 1896 to establish the mining town he called Kenworthy. It was a thriving community with a store, hotel, . . . — Map (db m78527) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Amboy — 126 — Amboy and Roy's Café
Amboy, settled as early as 1858, became a water stop when the Southern Pacific Railroad laid its tracks through the Cadiz Valley in 1883-84. Following the course of the railroad and the National Old Trails Highway, Route 66 was opened in 1926. Amboy . . . — Map (db m78532) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Amboy — 69 — Old Route 66
Perhaps no other highway in the U.S. is as fabled as old Route 66. It has been immortalized in song, literature, and even a T.V. series as the main street of America. Automobiles came early to the desert, following the railroad with its reliable . . . — Map (db m78574) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Baker — 22 — Francis Marion "Borax" Smith
Francis Marion "Borax" Smith built the railroad to move borax out of the hills and Death Valley in 1907 to replace the twenty mule teams that crossed this way to Ludlow. — Map (db m78589) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Baker — 74 — Marl Springs / Seventeenmile Point
Marl Springs Marl Springs was named in 1854 by Army Surveyor Lt. Amiel Whipple for the clay-like soil around the two waterholes. With the establishment of Fort Mojave in 1859, the Mojave (or Old Government) Road came into existence. Marl . . . — Map (db m78571) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Barstow — 141 — Slash X Ranch
The Slash X Ranch was started in 1942 by Lee and Mary Berry. Lee was known as the "Cattle Baron" of the Mojave Desert. At its peak the Slash X ran about 3000 head of cattle. Mary, his wife, did not want drinking and carousing in her house. So using . . . — Map (db m78519) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Barstow — 156 — Stoddard Wells Road
Previous to the building of Stoddard Wells Road, the primary route of travel between the Fish Ponds (present-day Daggett) and Little Meadows (present-day Victorville) was by way of the Mojave River and Lane's Crossing. Although it later became known . . . — Map (db m92810) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Big Bear City — 21 — Bellevill Holcomb Valley
Founded in late 1859. Bellevill was named after Belle Van Dusen, the first child born in Holcomb Valley, she was the daughter of Ted Van Dusen, the town blacksmith and early pioneer. — Map (db m78590) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Big Bear City — 2 — Holcomb Valley
Named for William Francis "Bill" Holcomb Pioneer Prospector who, in this valley discovered Southern California's richest gold field - May 5, 1860 — Map (db m50610) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Daggett — 83 — Daggett
This community long served as a supply point and railhead for the mines of Death Valley and Calico. In the early 1880's the first borax produced in Death Valley was hauled by mule team to the Atlantic & Pacific R.R. (later the Santa Fe) at Daggett. . . . — Map (db m78568) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Daggett — 98 — Forks of the Road
Three miles north lies the Mojave River and the site of Forks of the Road. This was the junction of two major travel routes: The Old Spanish or Salt Lake Trail and The Ancient Mojave River Trail. In the 1830s and 1840s the Old Spanish Trail saw . . . — Map (db m78556) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Earp — 82 — Wyatt Earp
Wyatt Earp was born in Illinois March 19, 1848. In 1864 he came west with his family, settling near San Bernardino. He later served as lawman in Wichita and Dodge City, then came to Tombstone in 1879. After the gunfight at the O.K. Corral in 1881, . . . — Map (db m78569) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Hesperia — 1 — Las Flores Ranch / Mojave Trail
[This is a four sided monument with four different markers:] Side A: Las Flores Ranch Near this spot on March 25, 1866, Edwin Parrish, Nephi Bemis and Pratt Whiteside, young cowboys employed on this ranch, were ambushed, . . . — Map (db m50609) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Lake Arrowhead — 157 — Club Arrowhead in the Pines
Club Arrowhead Villas was constructed and dedicated in 1926 by The Atkins Corporation as seen on the pillared entrance to Arrowhead Villas. It was to be a luxury resort catering to wealthy patrons from across the country seeking adventure and . . . — Map (db m94403) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Landers — 123 — The Integratron
The Integratron is the creation of George Van Tassel, and is based on the design of Moses' Tabernacle, the writings of Nikola Tesla, and telepathic directions from extraterrestrials. The domed structure 35 feet high and 55 feet in diameter, was . . . — Map (db m78533) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Lytle Creek — 147 — Lytle Creek Canyon
Lytle Creek Canyon in the San Gabriel Mountains has a long and interesting history. It is named for Andrew Lytle, who served as a company commander in the famed Mormon Battalion during the Mexican War. Lytle was among the earliest settlers of the . . . — Map (db m78514) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Mentone — 158 — The Greenspot Market
By the mid-nineteenth century the San Bernardino Mountains and Valley were becoming enveloped with civilization. Travelers, merchants, families and explorers were constantly trekking the area, using the old Indian trails and logging roads that had . . . — Map (db m95645) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Mount Baldy-Wrightwood — 146 — Blue Cut
Cajon Pass, separating the San Bernardino and San Gabriel ranges, has long been an important natural gateway. It is traversed by Indian trails, emigrant routes, railroads, and a superhighway. Early in the nineteenth century it became the southern . . . — Map (db m78515) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Newberry Springs — 145 — Historic Mojave River Road
The River Bluff Ranch is on the north bank of the Mojave River near the historic locations of Calico Ghost Town, Newberry Springs, Yermo, and abandoned relics of U.S. Army outpost Camp Cady. To the east are the Mojave Road, the Old Spanish Trail, . . . — Map (db m73477) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Newberry-Baker — 19 — Camp Rock Spring
To the United States Soldiers of Camp Rock Spring --- who guarded the U.S. Mail No glory there, nor much chance for military fame, but true patriots and heroes were they, to submit to such privations--yet these are the nurseries of the army, . . . — Map (db m78592) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Newberry-Baker — 16 — Jack and Ida Mitchell
Modern Pioneers, Miner and Geologist who helped to preserve these caverns — Map (db m78594) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Phelan — 154 — Sanford Cutoff
For centuries the Cajon Pass has been an important thoroughfare for travelers and traders between the Mojave Desert and Southern California. Following the route of the Old Spanish Trail, most travelers transited the pass on its east side. This . . . — Map (db m80751) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Pioneertown — 117 — Pioneertown
Pioneertown was founded in 1946 by a group of Hollywood personalities led by cowboy actors Dick Curtis and Russell Hayden as a permanent 1880s town for filming western movies. On Sept 1, 1946 Roy Rogers broke ground for the first buildings. Assisted . . . — Map (db m78539) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Twentynine Palms — 23 — Minerva Hamilton Hoyt
Her tireless efforts to establish Joshua Tree National Monument contributed to a heightened appreciation, not only of the Joshua Tree, but of the total desert environment. — Map (db m78588) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Victorville — 142 — Emma Jean's
Emma Jean's Holland Burger Cafe a Route 66 icon has been serving up meals to locals and hungry travelers on the highway since 1947. The building was built by Bob and Kate Holland from cinder blocks manufactured at the old fiber tile plant located . . . — Map (db m78518) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Victorville — 150 — Lane's Crossing
Since ancient times, indigenous peoples have used the many networks of trails in the East Mojave Desert for both seasonal migration and to carry on trade with coastal Indians. Most of these trails converged at narrow passes and safe river crossings. . . . — Map (db m73550) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Vidal — 108 — Earp CottageVidal, California
Wyatt Berry Stapp Earp 1848 – 1929 Josephine Sarah Marcus Earp 1861 – 1944 Earp Cottage Vidal, California The legendary lawman, gun-fighter, gambler, businessman and miner along with his wife, Josephine, inhabited . . . — Map (db m78548) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Yucca Valley — 109 — Warren's Well
Warren's Well marks the beginning of the town of Yucca Valley. Mark "Chuck" Warren drove freight wagons through the vally and settled here about 1880. In 1881 he hand-dug the well and later built a windmill, water trough, barn and a small cabin. . . . — Map (db m78547) HM
California (Sonoma County), Sonoma — 105 — Embarcadero – St. Louis
A short distance down-stream from this spot, at the head of navigation on the banks of Sonoma Creek, an early landing place was established. From the 1830’s hides and tallow from the Pueblo of Sonoma were shipped to Yerba Buena , and goods and . . . — Map (db m78551) HM
Nevada (Clark County), Laughlin — 140 — Camels and Commerce
After the United States government's successful experiment with camels in the west in 1857, entrepreneurs saw possibilities in the ungainly beasts for carrying supplies. In addition to the government's camels, which were sold off by 1864, two . . . — Map (db m78520) HM
Utah (Washington County), Hurricane — 97 — Harrisburg
In 1859, after helping settle San Bernardino California, Moses Harris moved his family to Utah and settled on the Virgin River near Quail Creek. In 1862 a flood forced the settlers further up Quail Creek to the Cottonwood Creek Fork. Due to the many . . . — Map (db m85128) HM

Arizona (Yuma County), Dateland — 111 — Datelan Army Air Field
Datelan Army Air Field was established here January 1, 1943. The site was chosen due to the availability of water and the adjacent location of the Yuma Gunnery Range. Construction was completed June 1, 1943. Datelan AAF was a sub-base of Yuma Army . . . — Map (db m78545) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Newberry-Baker — 40 — The Mojave Road
Long ago Mohave Indians used a network of pathways to cross the Mojave Desert to reach the Pacific Coast from their homes along the Colorado River. In 1776, the Spanish Missionary Francisco Garces became the first non-Indian to trek these . . . — Map (db m78586) HM

California (Riverside County), Temecula — 128 — Heart o' the Hills
[Upper Marker] Here, before his death in 1927, Murray Schloss collected 2500 acres for a utopian community E Clampus Vitus Billy Holcomb Chapter 1973 [Lower Marker] Re-Dedicated by The Billy Holcomb . . . — Map (db m78530) HM

California (Inyo County), Lone Pine — 107 — Ballarat
3 1/2 miles east of this point lies Ballarat. Established in 1897 as a mining camp and supply center for the gold and silver mines located on the western slope of the Panamint Mountains. It was named after a well-known gold producing area in . . . — Map (db m78549) HM
California (Inyo County), Lone Pine — Ballarat3 1/2 Miles
Now a ghost town, Ballarat served nearby mining camps from 1897 to 1917. They produced nearly a million in gold. The jail & a few adobe ruins remain. Seldom Seen Slim, it's last resident, was buried in Boothill in 1968. It had a school but no . . . — Map (db m50875) HM
California (Riverside County), Fontana — 93 — Fontana Farms CompanyCamp No. 1, Foreman's Ranch House — In Operation, 1905-1941
Joe McKamie alerted Fontana Historical Society about Camp. Ora Scott provided interest free loan of $10,000 and City of Fontana gave down payment of $3,000 to save house. Society acquired ownership title to house on November 22, 1978. Restoration . . . — Map (db m50717) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Vidal — 151 — Iron Mountain Divisional CampDesert Training Center — California-Arizona Maneuver Area
Iron Mountain divisional camp was established at this site in the spring of 1942. One of eleven such camps built in the California-Arizona desert to harden and train United States troops for service on the battlefields of World War II. The first . . . — Map (db m77424) HM

Arizona (La Paz County), Bouse — 89 — 736th Tank Battalion (M) SP
Camp Bouse September 1943 to March 1944 "The Kid Battalion" From Normandy to the Elbe: •Normandy •Northern France •Ardennes •Rhineland •Central Europe — Map (db m78563) HM
Arizona (La Paz County), Bouse — 95 — 739th Tank Battalion (SP) (ME)
Campaigns Ardennes, Rhineland and Central Europe The 739th Tank Battalion was activated in March 1943 at Fort Lewis, Washington. The officers were from various states, the enlisted personnel from Oklahoma, Texas and Louisiana. The . . . — Map (db m78558) HM
Arizona (La Paz County), Bouse — 90 — 740th Tank BattalionDaredevil Tankers
The 740th tank battalion was activated at Fort Knox, Ky. on March 1, 1943. It trained at Fort Knox and at Camp Bouse, Az. as a canal defense light (CDL) unit and as a standard medium tank battalion from October 15, 1943 to April 24, 1944 then sailed . . . — Map (db m78562) HM
Arizona (La Paz County), Bouse — 155 — 748th Tank Battalion"The Rhinos"
The 748th Tank Battalion, Medium was activated on 20 August 1942 at Camp Rucker, Alabama. The Rhinos headed for Fort Knox on the 15th of April 1943 for training and on 20 April 1943 were reorganized as a special battalion equipped with CDL . . . — Map (db m92814) HM
Arizona (La Paz County), Bouse — 96 — Camp BouseThe 554th Ordnance - Heavy Maintenance Company (Tanks) — 9th Tank Group CDL Project
Activated 1 April, 1943 at Camp Perry, OH. Completed basic training and then sent to Ft. Knox, KY. Unit then assigned to Camp Bouse, AZ arriving there 9 November, 1943. Maintaining operation of special tanks named "Leaflets" was specific assignment. . . . — Map (db m78557) HM
Arizona (La Paz County), Bouse — 88 — Camp BouseThe 701st Tank Battalion
Campaigns Central Europe Northern France Rhineland The 701st tank battalion was activated 3/28/43 at Camp Campbell, KY. Here 553 young men and officers began their journey into history. These men began their basic training and for many saw . . . — Map (db m78564) HM
Arizona (La Paz County), Bouse — 86 — Camp BouseThe 526th A. I. B. - Canal Defense Light Project — Desert Training Center - California – Arizona Maneuver Area
Camp Bouse was established in Butler Valley 30 miles behind this monument in Sept. of 1943. It was one of twelve such camps built in the southwestern deserts to harden and train United States troops for service on the battlefields of World War II. . . . — Map (db m78566) HM
Arizona (La Paz County), Bouse — 114 — George L. WendtHeadquarters Company — 526 Armored Infantry Battalion
United States Army World War II 1924 – 2002 Whose dedication to the memory of his brothers in arms, who fell in the Battle of the Ardennes, made this historical park possible. — Map (db m78542) HM
Arizona (La Paz County), Bouse — 119 — The 526th Armored Infantry BattalionWorld War II
In honored memory of those soldiers of the battalion who trained here at Camp Bouse and gave their lives in combat to preserve the freedom of the United States and to set the Peoples of Europe free. Headquarters Company Donald D. . . . — Map (db m78537) HM
Arizona (La Paz County), Cibola — 104 — Cibola Arizona
Gold and silver strikes in the 1860's created growth in the area. It is said Wyatt Earp served as sheriff of Cibola for one year in the 1890's. The town of Cibola formed in 1898 and construction began on a 16 mile canal to bring water from the river . . . — Map (db m78552) HM
Arizona (La Paz County), Cibola — 103 — Colorado River Ferries
Ferries of various size and design once provided transportation across the lower Colorado River linking Arizona with California, Nevada and Utah. Ferrymen plied their trade from Yuma to Pearce Ferry. The first ferry on the river was started at . . . — Map (db m78553) HM
Arizona (Mohave County), Oatman — 80 — Oatman Arizona and its Burros
Oatman was founded around 1906 as part of Arizona's richest gold mining area. Oatman was reborn in the late 1960's and early 1970's as a tourist town. The main attraction was the wild burro herd. The burros roaming the Oatman area are descendants of . . . — Map (db m78570) HM
Arizona (Yuma County), Dateland — 110 — Hyder Divisional Camp-Horn Divisional Camp Desert Training CenterCalifornia-Arizona Maneuver Area — United States Army
Camps Hyder & Horn were established 10 miles north of Dateland in the fall of 1943. They were 2 of 15 desert camps built to harden and train United States Troops for service in World War II. The Desert Training Center was a simulated theater of . . . — Map (db m78546) HM
California (Inyo County), Lone Pine — 112 — Panamint City
Rich sliver ore was discovered in December 1872 at the head of Surprise Canyon 12 miles northeast of here. The United States Senators for Nevada, John P. Jones and William Morris Stewart, invested in and promoted the camp which drew a peak . . . — Map (db m78544) HM
California (Inyo County), Shoshone — 152 — Shoshone
Located at Metbury Spring on the Tonopah and Tidewater Railroad, Shoshone was founded in 1910 by Ralph Jacobus "DAD" Fairbanks. After the collapse of the mining camp of Greenwater (approximately 20 miles northwest of here), "DAD" Fairbanks came to . . . — Map (db m78511) HM
California (Kern County), Mojave — 93 — Josephine Stephens Bishop
"Josie" was born on June 18, 1875 in Silver City, New Mexico to Harvey and Harriet Whitehall. At 19 years old, she taught school in Pinos Altos, New Mexico. She married Herbert Hall Bishop on March 4, 1896, bearing him seven children. The Bishops . . . — Map (db m78560) HM
California (Kern County), Randsburg — 57 — Randsburg, California
Gold was discovered on the slope of Rand Mountain in 1895. From this discovery, the town of Randsburg sprang up almost overnight. By 1899, the town had over 3500 residents. Randsburg boasted a 100-stamp mill and conservative estimates are that . . . — Map (db m78578) HM
California (Orange County), Silverado — 144 — Death of the California Grizzly1908
The Santa Ana Mountains, which encompass the canyons of Silverado, Modjeska and Trabuco, provided one of the last refuges for the state symbol, the Grizzly Bear. At the turn of the century, beekeeping was an important local industry, providing . . . — Map (db m78516) HM
California (Riverside County), Blythe — 73 — 390th Bomb Group (H)Activated at Blythe Army Air Base
Blythe Army Air Base was constructed during 1942 to train heavy bomber crews. 127 officers and men recevied orders in February 1943, to form 4 squadrons of the 390th Bombardment Group (H). The 390th B-17s joined the 8th Air Force in England . . . — Map (db m78572) HM
California (Riverside County), Chuckwalla — 149 — 36th Evacuation Hospital (SM)
During the opening days of the World War II, more than 18,000 square miles of the Arizona and California desert were designated by the U.S. Army as a military training facility. The facility, conceived by General George Patton and referred to as the . . . — Map (db m78512) HM
California (Riverside County), Corona — 186 — Serrano Tanning Vats
Nearby, two vats were built in 1819 by the Luiseño Indians under the direction of Leandro Serrano, first non-Indian settler in what is now Riverside County. The vats were used in making leather from cow hides. In 1981 the vats were restored and . . . — Map (db m50643) HM
California (Riverside County), Indio — 131 — 1909 Indio Schoolhouse
This K-8 one room schoolhouse, once known as the Indio Public School, was the second school building to be erected in the area that is now Indio. Originally situated on the Southeast corner of Bliss and Fargo, it was later moved behind the original . . . — Map (db m78528) HM
California (Riverside County), Indio — 65 — Smiley Place
In 1926 Smiley Place was built by Dr. Harry W. Smiley. It served as the first medical office in Indio, as well as a residence for he and his wife, Frances. The Smiley's made significant contributions to the social and medical development of the . . . — Map (db m50728) HM
California (Riverside County), Mecca — 84 — The Salton Sea
Once connected to the Gulf of California, waters within the Salton Basin extended nearly to Palm Springs. Because of deposits from the silt laden Colorado River, the north end of the gulf (now in Imperial County) was sealed off and Lake Cahuilla was . . . — Map (db m78567) HM
California (Riverside County), Mira Loma — 66 — Galleano Winery
The Galleano Winery is the oldest winemaking operation in Riverside County. In 1927 Domenico Galleano pruchased the ranch from Col. Esteban Cantu, Governor of Baja California (1915-1920), including this house which dates from the 1890s. The barn, . . . — Map (db m50714) HM
California (Riverside County), Mountain Center — 122 — Historic Lake Hemet Dam
Construction on Lake Hemet Dam began in 1891 and was completed four years later on October of 1895. It stood at 122.5 feet and was the largest solid masonry dam in the world. A title it held for sixteen years. Building of the dam itself was not . . . — Map (db m78534) HM
California (Riverside County), Pine Cove — 26 — Speed-of-Light Experiment
From this location instruments reflected light in 1926 to Mount Wilson, 82 miles northwest. The work was one of a series of experiments conducted by Nobel Prize-winning scientist Dr. Albert A Michelson to refine the value of the speed of light. . . . — Map (db m50697) HM
California (Riverside County), Riverside — 943 — Jensen-Alvarado Ranch
Danish sea captain Cornelius Jensen sailed to San Francisco during the Gold Rush to sell his cargo. In 1854 he settled in Agua Mansa, established a store, and married Mercedes Alvarado, a descendant of a pioneer Californio family. The Jensens . . . — Map (db m50685) HM
California (Riverside County), Rubidoux — 51 — Robidoux Grist Mill Site
In 1846 the first grist mill in this region was built nearby by Louis Robidoux, owner of this section of Rancho Jurupa. The mill provided flour, a popular but scarce commodity, for settlers and American troops. The mill was washed away by a flood in . . . — Map (db m50677) HM
California (Riverside County), San Jacinto — 989 — Soviet Transpolar Landing Site
Three miles west of this site, on July 14, 1937, three Soviet aviators completed a transpolar flight from Moscow in 62 hours, 17 minutes, establishing a new world's nonstop distance record of 6,305 miles. The huge single-engine aircraft, an ANT-25 . . . — Map (db m50706) HM
California (Riverside County), San Jacinto — 43 — Transpolar Record Flight Site
Near this site on July 14, 1937, three Russian aviators completed a transpolar flight from Moscow in 62 hrs, 17 min establishing a new world's nonstop distance record of 6,305 miles. The huge single-engine aircraft, an ANT-25 military reconnaissance . . . — Map (db m50681) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Amboy — 92 — Amboy CraterNational Natural Landmark
Amboy Crater, formed of ash and cinders, is 250 feet high and 1500 feet in diameter. The crater is in one of the youngest volcanic fields in the United States. Six distinct periods of eruptions created the resulting nested group of volcanic cinder . . . — Map (db m78561) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Baker — 34 — Soda Springs - Zzyzx Mineral Springs
In 1860 the U.S. Army established an outpost at Soda Springs to protect government supplies from Indians. Later, miners processed the adjacent lake minerals. In 1906 the Tonopah & Tidewater railroad arrived. From 1944 to 1974 Dr. Curtis H. Springer . . . — Map (db m78587) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Barstow — 892 — Barstow Harvey House
Harvey Houses were legendary in the history of Western rail travel. Operated by Fred Harvey in conjunction with this Santa Fe Railway, the network of restaurant-hotels set a new standard in quality meal service. Barstow's Spanish-Moorish "Casa Del . . . — Map (db m50666) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Big Bear City — 619 — Holcomb Valley
Southern California's largest gold rush followed the discovery of rich placer deposits by William F. Holcomb and Ben Choteau on May 4, 1860. Miners rushed to the valley and established boom towns. Belleville, the largest, rivaled San Bernardino in . . . — Map (db m50702) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Chino — 942 — Rancho Chino Adobe Site
Near this site, Isaac Williams in 1841 built a large adobe home, located on the 22,000-acre Rancho Chino which he acquired from his father-in-law Antonio Lugo. The "Battle of Chino" occurred at the adobe on September 26-27, 1846, during which 24 . . . — Map (db m50665) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Daggett — 115 — Daggett Garage
The Daggett Garage began life in the 1880s at the borax town of Marion, located on the northeast shore of Calico Dry Lake, as a locomotive repair roundhouse for the narrow-gauge Borate and Daggett Railroad. Daggett blacksmith Seymour Alf used a . . . — Map (db m78541) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Fontana — 950 — Site of U.S. Rabbit Experimental Station
In March 1928, the Federal Government established the first and only experimental station in the United States devoted solely to research on the breeding and raising of rabbits on a five-acre property donated by A. B. Miller of Fontana. The station . . . — Map (db m50670) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Goffs — 136 — Army Camp at GoffsDesert Training Center — California-Arizona Maneuver Area
The U. S. Army maintained a camp at Goffs 1942-1944. Goffs was an important railhead, supply point, hospital, and for three months in 1942 Headquarters of the 7th Infantry Division. That unit went on to distinguish itself in combat in the Aleutians . . . — Map (db m78523) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Goffs — 65 — Goffs Schoolhouse1914
The first school in Goffs opened its doors for the fall term in 1911 serving the needs of cattle ranches, mining districts, homesteaders, the railroad, and, most of all, the people supporting expanding travel on the National Old Trails Road – . . . — Map (db m78575) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Goffs — 61 — Pah-Ute CreekFort Pah-Ute — Mojave Road
Pah-Ute Creek, which runs year around, attracted many Indian tribes, who used several Indian trails through this area. The first white man to visit Pah-Ute Creek was Fr. Francisco Garces in May of 1776. It was given it's name by Lt. A.W. Whipple . . . — Map (db m78577) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Lanfair Valley — 135 — Nevada Southern Railway
In January of 1893 construction of Isaac C. Blake's Nevada Southern Railway commenced northward from Goffs toward Manvel (later known as Barnwell) for the purpose of hauling ore from the mining districts of southeastern California and southern . . . — Map (db m78524) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Lucerne Valley — 737 — Chimney Rock
Conflicts between Indians and white settlers over the rich lands of the San Bernardino Mountains culminated in The Battle at Chimney Rock on February 16, 1867. Although the Indians defended themselves fiercely, they were forced to retreat into the . . . — Map (db m63982) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Ludlow — 139 — Project Carryall
...and they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruning hooks: nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more. Micah 4:3 With the end of World War II and the onset of the Cold . . . — Map (db m78521) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Ludlow — 133 — Tonopah and Tidewater Railroad Shops
Seeking a more efficient way to get borax from his mines on the east side of Death Valley to processing facilities near Los Angeles, and hoping to tap the booms at Rhyolite, Tonopah, and Goldfield, Nevada, Francis Marion Smith built the Tonopah and . . . — Map (db m78526) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Newberry Springs — 143 — Newberry Springs
The history of Newberry Springs can be traced back more than 20,000 years. Digs at the Early Man Site north of here discovered tools dating prior to 20,000 BC. At that time, much of the land was covered by the prehistoric Lake Manix. Then, around . . . — Map (db m78517) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Newberry-Baker — 963 — Mojave Road
Long ago, Mohave Indians used a network of pathways to cross the Mojave Desert. In 1826, American trapper Jedediah Smith used their paths and became the first non-Indian to reach the California coast overland from mid-America. The paths were worked . . . — Map (db m96576) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Newberry-Baker — 70 — Valley Wells
In the late 1860's copper was discovered on Clark Montain and the Clark Mining District was organized. Ore was rich but high transportation costs soon caused mining to cease. In the late 1890's the railroad came within 30 miles and the original . . . — Map (db m78573) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Nipton — 99 — Nipton
The town of Nipton was born on February 9, 1905 with the coming of the first train on the newly constructed San Pedro, Los Angles and Salt Lake Railroad. Originally called Nippeno Camp after a nearby gold discovery, the name was changed to Nipton . . . — Map (db m78555) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Trona — 134 — Epsom Salts Monorail
In 1917 a deposit of Epsom salts was discovered near the old Wingate Wash Borax Road at the southern end of Death Valley. In 1919 the claims were acquired by Los Angeles florist Thomas Wright. Although close to an existing road, Wright devised other . . . — Map (db m78525) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Trona — 101 — John & Dennis Searles Wagon Routes1875 - 1895
This monument commemorates two wagon routes used by the Searles brothers to haul borax from their plant on Borax Lake (now Searles Lake) to the railhead at Mojave. The southern route traveled west of the Trona Pinnacles to Searles' freight station . . . — Map (db m78554) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Twentynine Palms-Morongo Valley — 118 — Old Woman Springs Ranch
This area of Lucern Valley became known as Old Woman Springs when a government survey party discovered a number of Indian women camping here in 1856. The original water source, now called Cottonwood Springs, is directly in front of you. In 1907 . . . — Map (db m78538) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Yucaipa — 620 — Yucaipa Rancheria
Yucaipa Valley suported a large population of Serrano Indians. The fertile valley was watered by springs and creeks. The Indians called this area "Yucaipat" which meant "wet lands." These Native Americans lived at this village site most of the year, . . . — Map (db m50684) HM

California (Riverside County), Blythe — 948 — Blythe Intake
On July 17, 1877, Thomas Blythe, a San Francisco financier, filed the first legal claim for Colorado River water rights. Oliver Callaway planned a diversion dam and canal which opened in 1877 to irrigate the Palo Verde Valley. This made possible the . . . — Map (db m50678) HM
California (Riverside County), Blythe — 127 — Desert Strike
In May 1964, U.S. Strike Command (STRICOM) launched the largest military war game since World War II. Known as Joint Exercise Desert Strike, this two-week training exercise simulated a nuclear air and ground battle between the mythical governments . . . — Map (db m78531) HM
California (Riverside County), Chuckwalla — 148 — Coxcomb Divisional CampCamp Coxcomb — Desert Training Center, California-Arizona Maneuver Area
Camp Coxcomb was established at this site in the Spring of 1942. It was one of fifteen such camps built in the southwestern deserts to harden and train United States troops for service on the battlefields of World War II. The Desert Training Center . . . — Map (db m78513) HM
California (Riverside County), Chuckwalla — 53 — Young Divisional CampCamp Young Headquarters Desert Training Center — California-Arizona Maneuver Area
Camp Young, named after Lt. Gen. S.B.M. Young, the 1st Army Chief of Staff, was established at this site in the Spring of 1942. It was one of twelve such camps built in the southwestern deserts to harden and train United States Troops for service to . . . — Map (db m78581) HM
California (Riverside County), Hemet — 104 — Pochea Indian Village Site
Pochea was one of cluster of Indian villages forming the very large settlement of Pahsitna which extended along the ridge east and west of Ramona Bowl. Pahsitnah was thriving when the Spanish first passed by in 1774. A tragic story tells of the . . . — Map (db m50668) HM
California (Riverside County), Highgrove — 24 — Highgrove Hydroelectric Plant
The first commercially significant hydroelectric plant in California, designed and built by Gustavus Olivio Newman, went into service here in 1888. Utilizing the flow of the Riverside Water Company Canal to produce about 225 kilowatts of power used . . . — Map (db m50704) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Fenner — 985 — Clipper Divisional CampCamp Clipper - Desert Training Center — California-Arizona Maneuver Area
Camp Clipper was established at a site that reached From Essex Road to this location in the spring of 1942. It was one of twelve such camps built in the Southwestern Desert to harden and train United States troops for service on the . . . — Map (db m72258) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Needles — 44 — Ibis Divisional Camp - Desert Training CenterCalifornia – Arizona Maneuver Area — 440th Anti – Aircraft Artillery - (Automatic Weapons) Battalion
Camp Ibis was established at this site in the spring of 1942 – one of eleven such camps built in the California – Arizona Desert to harden and train United States Troops for service on the battlefields of World War II. The 440th AAA . . . — Map (db m78585) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Newberry Springs — 963-1 — Camp Cady (1860-1871)
Camp Cady was located on the Mojave Road which connected Los Angeles to Albuquerque. Non-Indian travel on this and the nearby Salt Lake Road was beset by Paiutes, Mohaves, and Chemehuevis defending their homeland. To protect both roads, Camp Cady . . . — Map (db m50718) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Vidal — 153 — Granite Divisional CampCamp Granite — Desert Training Center, California-Arizona Maneuver Area
Camp Granite was established at this site in the spring of 1942. It was one of fifteen such camps built in the southwestern deserts to harden and train United States troops for service on the battlefields of World War II. The Desert Training Center . . . — Map (db m83038) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Vidal — 63 — Rice Divisional CampCamp Rice — Desert Training Center, California-Arizona Maneuver Area
Camp Rice was established at this site in the spring of 1942. It was one of twelve such camps built in the southwestern deserts to harden and train United States troops for service on the battlefields of World War II. The Desert Training Center was . . . — Map (db m78576) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Yermo — 56 — Lucy Bell Lane
Calico’s most distinguished and long time resident was Lucy Bell Lane (1874-1967). Known at one time as the “Queen of Calico”, Lucy lived at Calico for nearly 67 years. Of her many gifts, she is most remembered for her warm hospitality . . . — Map (db m78579) HM
Nevada (Clark County), Cal-Nev-Ari — 138 — Cal-Nev-Ari
Originally known as Stage Field, this was an outlying airfield of Camp Ibis, one of the eleven camps established within the Desert Training Center, California-Arizonan Maneuver Area during World War II. Developed by General George S. Patton, Jr., . . . — Map (db m78522) HM

California (San Bernardino County), Needles — 781 — National Old Trails
This bridge marks the site where the National Old Trails Highway later Highway 66 crossed the Colorado River. It links the Mojave Indian lands visited by Father Garces in 1776. Near this location the American Explorer, Jedediah Smith and his band of . . . — Map (db m50647) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Rancho Cucamonga — 360 — Tapia Adobe Site
In 1839 Governor Juan Alvarado granted the 13,000-acre tract called Cucamonga to Tiburcio Tapia, an ex-soldier who was a prominent merchant and alcalde in Los Angeles. A half-mile west of this marker Tapia, employing Indian laborers, immediately . . . — Map (db m50672) HM

Arizona (Mohave County), Littlefield — 121 — The Old Spanish Trail1829 - 1848
The Old Spanish Trail, the main trade route between Santa Fe and Los Angeles, passed this way beginning in 1829. At the end of the Mexican-American War this portion of the route evolved into what was variously known as the Salt Lake Road, the Mormon . . . — Map (db m78535) HM
California (Riverside County), Anza — 63 — Hamilton School, Anza
Until the 1880s, James Hamilton was among the very first homesteaders in the Cahuilla Plains or Hamilton Plains, now Anza, and was a highly respected pioneer who overcame many obstacles in his life, including prejudice. The Hamilton School District . . . — Map (db m50709) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Baker — 622 — Harry Wade Exit Route
Some 100 wagons found themselves in Salt Lake City too late to cross the Sierra Nevada. They banded together under the name of Sand Walking Co. and started for the gold fields in California over the old Spanish Trail. After being in Death Valley . . . — Map (db m54761) HM

California (Riverside County), Chiriaco Summit — 985 — Desert Training CenterCalifornia Arizona Maneuver Area
The D.T.C was established by Major General George S. Patton Jr. in response to a need to train American combat troops for battle in North Africa during World War II. The camp, which began operation in 1942 covered 18,000 square miles. It was the . . . — Map (db m50700) HM

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