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Welcome to Minnesota Marker <i>(north side)</i> image, Click for more information
By Keith L, July 22, 2008
Welcome to Minnesota Marker (north side)
Minnesota (Freeborn County), Albert Lea — Minnesota’s Roads / Welcome to Minnesota
Minnesota's Roads. "A perfect highway is a thing of beauty and joy forever," enthused a speaker at Minnesota's first "Good Roads" convention in 1893. "It blesses every home by which it passes." Early in the 1890s, even before the automobile . . . — Map (db m9911) HM
Minnesota (St. Louis County), Proctor — Minnesota’s Seaport / Welcome to Minnesota
Minnesota’s Seaport. More than three billion tons of iron ore, along with millions of tons of grain, lumber, fish, and coal, have passed through the Duluth-Superior harbor since the beginning of Minnesota’s Iron Age. The first ore from the rich . . . — Map (db m3094) HM
Minnesota (Winona County), Dresbach — Minnesota’s “Fashionable Tour” / Welcome to Minnesota
Minnesota’s “Fashionable Tour.” In the years between 1835 and 1860, steamboats from St. Louis and the Illinois river towns of Rock Island and Galena carried hundreds of tourists up the Mississippi River past “a thousand bluffs . . . — Map (db m8617) HM

Minnesota (Big Stone County), Ortonville — Geology of MinnesotaOrtonville Region
Of all the geological agents which have played a part in shaping the face of Minnesota, the most overwhelming and powerful one is glacial ice. At least four times during the last million years, continental glaciers have spread over the state . . . — Map (db m101379) HM
Minnesota (Carlton County), Carlton — Geology of MinnesotaJay Cooke State Park
     This point overlooks the St. Louis River Valley. The steeply inclined rocks in the river channel upstream are alternating beds of slates and graywackers of the Thompson Formation thousands of feet thick. . . . — Map (db m44627) HM
Minnesota (Cass County), Whipholt — Sugar Point Battle
When a federal marshal with about 100 troops of the 3rd Infantry tried to arrest the Chippewa Chief Bugonaygeshig at Sugar Point opposite here on the northeast shore of the lake, a sharp fight occurred October 5, 1898. The whites lost 7 killed and . . . — Map (db m59807) HM
Minnesota (Chisago County), Taylors Falls — Glacial Potholes
The potholes at the St. Croix Dalles have their origins in a tale of fire and ice. They are carved in a dark volcanic rock called basalt, which erupted as lava 1.1 billion years ago. This basalt is related to lava flows that line the North Shore of . . . — Map (db m46434) HM
Minnesota (Clearwater County), Shevlin — Itasca State Park Centennial1891 - 1991
The name "Itasca" was coined specifically from the Latin words "Veritas caput" -- literally meaning "true head" -- by Henry Rowe Schoolcraft in 1832. Led by Ozawindib, an Ojibwe guide who knew the upper reaches of the Mississippi River and its . . . — Map (db m71470) HM
Minnesota (Crow Wing County), Fort Ripley — Fort Ripley
The establishment of Fort Ripley in 1848 represents the U.S. government’s effort to establish control on the northern frontier. Construction began on the west bank of the Mississippi River across from this point a year before Minnesota became a . . . — Map (db m43935) HM
Minnesota (Dakota County), South Saint Paul — Kaposia Village
Here on the Mendota Trail from 1839 to 1852 stood the Sioux village of the Little Crow family. An attempted Chippewa attack in 1842 precipitated the Battle of Kaposia across the river. After the Treaty of Mendota in 1851 the band moved up the . . . — Map (db m31186) HM
Minnesota (Goodhue County), Frontenac — GD-FLC-056 — Fort Beauharnois
On the shore of Lake Pepin just north of here a French expedition commanded by LaPerriere and accompanied by two Jesuits in September 1727 built a substantial log fort and the mission of St. Michael the Archangel. The post was occupied periodically . . . — Map (db m45242) HM
Minnesota (Hennepin County), Shorewood — HE-SHC-022 — Christmas Lake
Named for Charles W. Christmas, first county surveyor of Hennepin County, elected in 1852, who platted the original town site of Minneapolis for John H. Stevens and Franklin Steele. This lake and Lake Minnetonka now occupy what in pre-glacial times . . . — Map (db m71571) HM
Minnesota (Kandiyohi County), Hawick — Battle of the Broom
What is believed to be one of the last pitched battles between the Ojibwe and Dakota ended near this marker about 1860. Some Dakota hunters found a party of Ojibwe encroaching on Dakota grounds. They attacked, killing several Ojibwe and driving the . . . — Map (db m78413) HM
Minnesota (Kandiyohi County), Kandiyohi — Capitol Hill
Kandiyohi Town Site Corporation was organized in 1856, with John Swainson as president. By October of that year, the town site had been surveyed. David Charlton's plat indicates a large central area reserved for the State Capitol with a much smaller . . . — Map (db m78239) HM
Minnesota (Kandiyohi County), Kandiyohi — Carrie Johnson
Mrs. Carrie (Pehrson) Johnson, the first white person buried in what is now Kandiyohi County, came here with her husband, John, and six month old son in the fall of 1857, from Sweden. She died in April 1858, and was buried near her new house. After . . . — Map (db m78311) HM
Minnesota (Kandiyohi County), Lake Lillian — US-Dakota War of 1862 Aftermath
The United States Army responded to the U.S. - Dakota War of 1862 by carrying out federal government security policies of removing remaining noncombatant Dakota people and pursuing combatants while protecting settled areas. In August 1863, Jesse V. . . . — Map (db m78292) HM
Minnesota (Kandiyohi County), Spicer — Victory Dance
Ojibwe and Dakota nations had a long history of conflict in what would become Minnesota. Both Dakota and Ojibwe people contended for the control of the abundant natural resources in the future Kandiyohi County area that played an economic role in . . . — Map (db m78028) HM
Minnesota (Kandiyohi County), Willmar — Haugen Homestead
In May 1859, Olof Olson Haugen, his wife Bergeret, and son Frederick homesteaded here in section 32, Dovre Township. Over the next three years, the Haugen family diligently worked to establish their new life; building shelter, raising crops and . . . — Map (db m77735) HM
Minnesota (Lake County), Knife River — Buchanan
This town site, named after President Buchanan, was laid out in October 1856. From September 1857 until May 1859 the place though little less than wilderness, was the seat of the U.S. Land Office for the Northeastern District of Minnesota. After the . . . — Map (db m43806) HM
Minnesota (Lake County), Two Harbors — Geology of MinnesotaSplit Rock Region
The scenery of the region between Split Rock and Beaver Bay is the direct result of important events of early geologic time. Lava flows, which had accumulated in this region to a thickness of about 30,000 feet, were lifted and arched by a huge . . . — Map (db m76280) HM
Minnesota (Le Sueur County), Le Sueur — Le Sueur
Named for Pierre Charles Le Sueur, French explorer who passed the site in 1700. This town on the old Red River trail includes two towns, Le Sueur and Le Sueur City which were laid out in 1852-53 on Prairie Le Fleche about a mile apart. Consolidation . . . — Map (db m65509) HM
Minnesota (Morrison County), Little Falls — Big White PineKing of the Forest
White pines once dominated northern Minnesota. Even in Lindbergh's time these scattered reminders of earlier eras dotted the pasture. The trunk in front of you is the remains of one of these forest giants. This white pine stood 100-feet . . . — Map (db m78229) HM
Minnesota (Murray County), Avoca — Avoca
This town began in 1878 and named for a river in Ireland. Became a key point for the sale of 50,000 acres of Railroad lands to Catholic colonists in Murray County through the activities of Archbishop Ireland and the Catholic Colonization . . . — Map (db m101288) HM
Minnesota (Pine County), Pine City — Pine City
Plotted in 1869, was named from the Chippewa word "Chengwatana" City of Pines. It was a rough lumberjack town in the early days. From here, logs were floated down the Snake River into the St. Croix River to Stillwater. A rich deposit of copper was . . . — Map (db m44032) HM
Minnesota (Renville County), Morton — RN-BCO-004 — Battle of Birch Coulee
On the prairie half a mile east of this point, a party of about 160 troops was attacked by Sioux at dawn, Sept. 2, 1862. During the battle, the force was surrounded for thirty hours, losing over a third of its number in killed and wounded. . . . — Map (db m67451) HM
Minnesota (St. Louis County), Duluth — SL-DUT-002 — Clifton–French River
Clifton, first townsite surveyed in the United States section of the North Shore, was platted west of the mouth of the French River in 1855. The river was known to early explorers as Riviere des Francais. Rumors of nearby copper deposits resulted . . . — Map (db m43766) HM
Minnesota (St. Louis County), Independence — The Fires of Autumn 1918
Marker Front: The Cloquet-Moose Lake forest fire of October 12-13, 1918, which almost reached this location, was one of the most destructive forest fires in Minnesota's recorded history. Like other major fires, this one took place on . . . — Map (db m21024) HM
Minnesota (Stearns County), Clearwater — Exploring The Mississippi Headwaters
After the American Revolution, the 1783 Treaty of Paris, signed by those representing the American Colonies and Great Britain, sought to establish the boundary of the new country. In the middle of the continent the boundary was to run east to west . . . — Map (db m69746) HM
Minnesota (Washington County), Stillwater — Lake St. Croix
Waters from merging glaciers several thousand years' ago carved deep valleys for the St. Croix and Mississippi Rivers. Deprived of the glacial waters the rivers were so reduced in volume and carrying power that they were unable to maintain clear . . . — Map (db m16148) HM
Minnesota (Washington County), Stillwater — WA-SWC-714 — Tamarack House
Here in 1839, in Crawford County, Wisconsin Territory, Joseph R. Brown, first settler of this valley, laid out the town of Dahcotah. The following year as a member of the Wisconsin Territorial Legislature, Brown secured passage of a bill setting up . . . — Map (db m43754) HM
Minnesota (Winona County), Winona — Sugar Loaf Bluff
"The crown of the majestic Sugar Loaf Bluff is disappearing before the strokes of the utilitarian quarrymen," editorialized the Winona Daily Republican in 1886. "In a very few years that widely known landmark will be but a homely . . . — Map (db m43176) HM

Minnesota (Yellow Medicine County), Granite Falls — Ancient Exposed Rocks
About 13,000 years ago, glacial melt water that collected in a basin named Glacial Lake Agassiz burst through a natural earthen dike creating a huge torrent of water that carved the Minnesota River Valley as we see it today. There are . . . — Map (db m71317) HM

Minnesota (Le Sueur County), Le Sueur — The Minnesota River Valley
Geologically young when compared with ancient rivers such as the Nile or the Amazon, the Minnesota River is only about 12,000 years old. It occupies a channel that was cut by the Glacial River Warren, when it drained Glacial Lake Agassiz, the . . . — Map (db m65411) HM

Minnesota (Washington County), Stillwater — Soldiers and Sailors Monument
Dedicated to the Soldiers and Sailors of the United States Enlisting or Residing in Washington County ——— Erected by the Citizens of Washington County 1916 center panel Minnesota Alcorn James 2nd Cav. . . . — Map (db m72153) WM

Minnesota (Dakota County), Mendota — Mendota / Sibley House Association
Mendota This wide valley intersection between the two rivers known today as the Minnesota and Mississippi has been a meeting place for people for thousands of years. The Dakota people lived on these prairielands by the 1700s. . . . — Map (db m38269) HM
Minnesota (Hennepin County), Minneapolis — Stone Arch Bridge
"This viaduct...is the only one of its kind that spans the Father of Waters, and is one of the largest and most noteworthy in the United States. Firmer than the earth which supports it, it is constructed to stand the test of time." . . . — Map (db m27042) HM
Minnesota (Washington County), Stillwater — Minnesota Territory 1849 – 1858 / Washington County Takes Shape
Minnesota Territory 1849 – 1858 On March 3, 1849, during his last hours in office, President James K. Polk signed a bill adding a new name to the American political landscape – Minnesota Territory. A vast land, it stretched from . . . — Map (db m43908) HM

Minnesota (Chisago County), Taylors Falls — Geology of the Taylors Falls Region
About 1.1 billion years ago, a great rift valley formed across the North American continent from the Lake Superior region southwest to Kansas. As this rift valley opened, basaltic lavas erupted into it, accumulating to a thickness of up to 20 . . . — Map (db m45814) HM
Minnesota (Dakota County), Hastings — Geology of the Dakota County Region
Hasting lies just south and East of the last glaciation. About 20,000 years ago a lobe of ice, called the Superior lobe, advanced from the Lake Superior basin and crossed the ancient bedrock valley of the Mississippi River between St. Paul and . . . — Map (db m42199) HM
Minnesota (Hennepin County), Excelsior — Geology of Lake Minnetonka
Like most lakes in Minnesota, Lake Minnetonka was formed during the Ice Age of the last two million years. During several separate glacial periods, ice advanced along different routes across the state. The glaciers, along with large volumes of . . . — Map (db m59925) HM
Minnesota (Kandiyohi County), Willmar — Geology of the Willmar Region
     The agricultural land of the Willmar region has a history that dates back 60 million years, when an inland sea covered the Great Plains from the Gulf of Mexico to the Arctic Ocean. As the adjacent land eroded and life in the sea flourished, . . . — Map (db m75844) HM
Minnesota (Redwood County), Redwood Falls — Geology of the Redwood Falls Region
Exposed in the rocky hillocks of the Minnesota River valley between Montevideo and Morton are some of the oldest rocks on earth. The pink-and-black banded rock used for the pedestal of this tablet is a metamorphic rock called gneiss (pronounced . . . — Map (db m69216) HM
Minnesota (Sherburne County), Elk River — Geology of the Elk River Region
      Minnesota was largely covered by glaciers many times during the last million years. The ice flowed across the state from both the northeast and the northwest. As it advanced along separate paths, it scraped up, crushed, and carried with it . . . — Map (db m69965) HM
Minnesota (St. Louis County), Idington — The Laurentian Divide
The Laurentian Divide separates the watershed of streams that flow north to the Arctic Ocean from the watershed of streams that flow south through the Great lakes to the Atlantic Ocean. Where you are standing the divide is formed by a prominent . . . — Map (db m21025) HM

Minnesota (Lac qui Parle County), Montevideo — Captives Released
On September 26, 1862, the 270 men, women and children taken captive by the Dakota during the war were released to military commander Henry H. Sibley at this site, known from that time on as Camp Release. Years later at the . . . — Map (db m71384) HM

Georgia (Catoosa County), Fort Oglethorpe — MT-476 — Hospitals, Left Wing, Union Army.Surgeon M.C. Tollman, 2nd Minnesota Volunteers. — Medical Director, 3rd Division, 14th Army Corps.
Hospitals, Left Wing, Union Army. Surgeon M.C. Tollman, 2nd Minnesota Volunteers. Medical Director, 3rd Division, 14th Army Corps. Surgeon Charles Schussler, 6th Indiana Volunteers. Medical Director, 2nd Division, . . . — Map (db m61248) HM
Minnesota (Brown County), Sleepy Eye — Golden Gate Mill StonesMillstones of Golden Gate, Minnesota
The mill, built in 1867 by John Heimerdinger, was down 1/4 mile from Golden Gate on the Ruhe-Heim Creek. It was powered by a pond kept full by many wells, dug by hand. Wheat was ground by stones into flour and feed. The grinding stones were . . . — Map (db m71062) HM
Minnesota (Lake County), Two Harbors — Agate Bay Commercial Fishing VillageGreetings from Two Harbors, Minnesota
The "railroad tracks" on the shore before you are the last vestiges of a once vibrant commercial fishing village in Agate Bay. It was an easy transition for Scandinavian immigrants to begin fishing almost immediately upon arrival in America. The . . . — Map (db m78851) HM
Minnesota (Sibley County), Henderson — Meet Joseph R. BrownA major public figure in early Minnesota (1820-1870)
In 1852, Joseph R. Brown founded the town of Henderson after a 32-year career as a soldier at frontier outposts, fur trader, experimental farmer, justice of the peace, speculator, lumberman, lobbyist and legislator, transportation agent and . . . — Map (db m72373) HM
Minnesota (Steele County), Owatonna — Rock Island Railway Station 1901Owatonna, Minnesota 1985
Once on this site there stood a beautiful red brick and limestone railway station that was part of the great Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railway System. It was a stately building that served our community and the Rock Island System proudly for . . . — Map (db m23173) HM

Minnesota (Faribault County), Blue Earth — Minnesota Agriculture
Since its territorial days, in the mid-19th century, Minnesota’s identity has been rooted in agriculture. With acres of prairies and woodlands to turn into farms, the state proved attractive to waves of settlers from eastern states and other . . . — Map (db m96915) HM
Minnesota (Nicollet County), St. Peter — The Eugene St. Julien Cox House
In 1871, Eugene St. Julien Cox, a man of eccentric tastes and "great vigor of mind" built this picturesque neo-Gothic Italianate house noted for its towered cupola, small balconies, and carved eaves. Cox began his law career in 1857 and built a . . . — Map (db m65464) HM

Minnesota (Washington County), Lakeland — The St. Croix River Valley / Welcome to Minnesota
The St. Croix River Valley Forming a long stretch of the border between Minnesota and Wisconsin, the St. Croix is one of America's most scenic Wild Rivers. Its valley is sometimes referred to as the "New England of the West." Along with the . . . — Map (db m3093) HM

Minnesota (Anoka County), Ramsey — Ice Age Souvenir — Great River Road Minnesota
Twenty thousand years ago, a great sheet of ice, the Superior lobe, covered this area. At its farthest advance, it formed the St. Croix moraine, a series of high hills to the west, south, and east. When it melted, it left behind vast . . . — Map (db m70297) HM
Minnesota (Goodhue County), Frontenac — GD-FLC-054 — Lake Pepin's Shell Game / In Search of Summer — Great River Road Minnesota
Lake Pepin's Shell Game Celebrated today as a resort area, Lake Pepin had an earlier fame as a clamming center. In the late 1800s and early 1900s, more than 500 clammers worked the lake from their flat-bottomed johnboats, using giant . . . — Map (db m51948) HM
Minnesota (Wabasha County), Lake City — A Very Old Fish Story — Great River Road Minnesota
Ten thousand years ago, as the Ice Age was drawing to a close, Wisconsin's fast-flowing Chippewa River carried vast quantities of sand. But where the Chippewa entered the Mississippi, ten miles downstream from here, its current slowed and the . . . — Map (db m52074) HM
Minnesota (Wabasha County), Reads Landing — The River of Rafts — Great River Road Minnesota
This was once one of the busiest stretches on the Upper Mississippi River. Between 1830 and 1915, lumber companies in western Wisconsin floated millions of pine logs and pieces of cut lumber down the Chippewa River, which enters the Mississippi . . . — Map (db m52718) HM

Minnesota (Dakota County), Mendota — Sibley House Historic Site
Welcome to the Sibley House Historic Site! This area had long been the center of travel and trade for the Dakota when it became the center for American Fur Company operations on the Upper Mississippi. It was also home to Minnesota's first governor, . . . — Map (db m41238) HM
Minnesota (Fillmore County), Lanesboro — Minnesota's Norwegian Americans
Like immigrants from many European nations in the mid-19th century, Norwegians left their homeland to escape overpopulation, food shortages, and farm foreclosures. They began arriving in Minnesota in the 1850s, drawn by rich farmland and job . . . — Map (db m31323) HM
Minnesota (Washington County), Forest Lake — Ribbons of Steel
Railroads were charted in Minnesota as early as 1853, but it was not until 1862 that Minnesota's first railroad began to operate on ten miles of track connecting St. Paul with St. Anthony (now part of Minneapolis). In 1870, the Northern Pacific . . . — Map (db m5289) HM
Minnesota (Washington County), Stillwater — The Warden's House
In 1849, the Governor of the new Territory of Minnesota, Alexander Ramsey, urged the Territorial Legislature to provide for a "proper and safe place of confinement" for prisoners of the territory. Because of Ramsey's request, the Legislature . . . — Map (db m43747) HM

Georgia (Bartow County), Allatoona — 4th Minnesota Regimental Headquarters
On this site stood a wood frame "dog-trot" style house that served as the regimental headquarters for the 4th Minnesota Regiment, the permanent Federal garrison in Allatoona under the command of Lieutenant Colonel John E. Tourtellotte. Here . . . — Map (db m87376) HM
Georgia (Catoosa County), Fort Oglethorpe — MT-899 — 2nd Minnesota BatteryCarlin's Brigade — Davis' Division
2d Battery Minnesota Light Artillery. 2 10 Pounder Parrotts, 4 Napoleons. Carlin's Brigade, Davis' Division, McCook's Corps. September 19, 1863. 1st Lieutenant Albert Woodbury, Commanding (wounded). 1st Lieutenant Richard L. Dawley. . . . — Map (db m102197) HM
Georgia (Catoosa County), Fort Oglethorpe — MT-899A — 2nd Minnesota Light Artillery BatteryCarlin's Brigade — Davis' Division
Text on the Front Side of the Monument (On base side towards Lafayette road): Erected By the State of Minnesota ———————— In commemoration of the galant and patriotic services of . . . — Map (db m102189) HM WM
Georgia (Walker County), Fort Oglethorpe — MT-901 — 2nd Minnesota InfantryVanDerveer’s Brigade — Brannan’s Division
[Front Side of Monument]: The Second Regiment Minnesota Veteran Volunteer Infantry. Occupied this position Sunday September 20th, 1863, from 2:30 P.M., to 7:30 P.M., successfully maintaining it against repeated assaults by the . . . — Map (db m39339) HM
Minnesota (Blue Earth County), Mankato — Amos Owen Garden of American Indian Horticulture
Philosophy. Amos Owen was a Dakota elder and spiritual leader who wanted to preserve and restore traditional Dakota beliefs and practices. He believed that the suppression of Indian peoples had led to many parts of the culture being almost . . . — Map (db m21588) HM
Minnesota (Brown County), Essig — Essig, Minnesota
On April 8, 1885 Chief Engineer Blunt of the Winona & St. Peter Railroad Co. announced that the railroad had decided to build a side track between New Ulm and Sleepy Eye for the purpose of receiving grain. The site was known only as "Siding Number . . . — Map (db m67411) HM
Minnesota (Brown County), New Ulm — In Recognition of a Minnesota Coaching RecordMay 28, 1994
   On this date at Chaska, Minnesota, New Ulm High School coach James Senske recored his 510th coaching victory, a new Minnesota State High School League baseball record for wins by a coach. At the completion of the 1994 season, . . . — Map (db m79913) HM
Minnesota (Brown County), New Ulm — Upper Minnesota River Transportation
The first river steamboat, WEST NEWTON, passed by here in 1853 going upriver with troops to lay out the site of Fort Ridgely. Two days later TIGER and CLARION followed with men and supplies. For the . . . — Map (db m66383) HM
Minnesota (Brown County), Springfield — Springfield, Minnesota
John and Daniel Burns were pioneer settlers in this area of brown County. Burnstown Township was named in their honor. Railroad construction advanced westward and the name of the station stop here in 1873 was "Burns." A small settlement . . . — Map (db m67542) HM
Minnesota (Carver County), Carver — Minnesota Valley Oil Co.1925
Carver Historic District has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior Minnesota Valley Oil Co. 1925 — Map (db m75255) HM
Minnesota (Chisago County), Harris — Minnesota's Arrowhead Region: A Tourist Mecca
"The North Country is a siren Who can resist her song of intricate and rich counterpoint?" (Grace Lee Nute, The Voyageur's Highway, 1941) Lured by America's premier wilderness canoe region, Lake Superior's rugged shoreline and . . . — Map (db m4948) HM
Minnesota (Goodhue County), Red Wing — Geology of MinnesotaRed Wing Region
     During the great ice ages the landscape of Minnesota was profoundly altered by continental glaciers in four major epochs of glaciation. In this area, as elsewhere, the closing stage of each epoch was characterized by the release of floods of . . . — Map (db m45869) HM
Minnesota (Hennepin County), Minneapolis — Geology of MinnesotaMinnehaha Falls
     Near Fort Snelling, 10,000 years ago, melt water from the Wisconsin glacier was discharged through the Mississippi River and plunged over a ledge of Platteville limestone into a gorge cut chiefly in the white St. Peter sandstone. The . . . — Map (db m40765) HM
Minnesota (Hennepin County), Minneapolis — Geology of MinnesotaLake Harriet Region
     The continental glaciers spreading over Minnesota during the great ice ages brought vast quantities of rock material from the north to be dumped indiscriminately during the recession of the ice. Old river valleys were filled and belts of . . . — Map (db m37863) HM
Minnesota (Hennepin County), Minneapolis — USS Minnesota (BB22)

The battleship USS MINNESOTA was the second US Navy to bear the name. She was built at Newport News, VA, and commissioned 9 March 1907. MINNESOTA sailed in late 1907 as a member of the 16 ship "Great White Fleet" on a round-the-world . . . — Map (db m91371) HM

Minnesota (Kandiyohi County), New London — Jericho
In 1879 this village of Jericho was established in the historic Norway Lake settlement, 20 years after the first Norwegian immigrants arrived. A general store with a post office, a blacksmith shop, a creamery, and other businesses prospered in . . . — Map (db m78215) HM
Minnesota (Lac Qui Parle County), Madison — Madison Minnesota Veterans' MemorialIn Memoriam
We honor the Madison area servicemen who gave their lives in foreign Wars to protect our nation's freedom. — Map (db m101732) HM
Minnesota (Lake County), Two Harbors — 50th Anniversary of First Shipment of Iron Ore From Minnesota1884 - 1934
In commemoration of the 50th anniversary of the first shipment of iron ore from the State of Minnesota, through the port of Two Harbors and to the memory of those men of vision and courage, who promoted the Duluth & Iron Range . . . — Map (db m78823) HM
Minnesota (Lake County), Two Harbors — First Ore Taken From A Minnesota Mine1884
Sample weighs 700 lbs. Contains 70% iron Presented by Thomas Owens — Map (db m78783) HM
Minnesota (Lake County), Two Harbors — First Ore Taken From A Minnesota Mine
Sample weighs 700 lbs. Contains 70% iron Presented by Thomas Owens — Map (db m78784) HM
Minnesota (Nicollet County), North Mankato — Geology of MinnesotaMankato Region
     This marker is located near the big bend of the Minnesota River directly opposite the mouth of the Blue Earth River. The abandoned channel east of it is the former course of the LeSueur before it joined the Blue Earth. Most of the broad . . . — Map (db m66715) HM
Minnesota (Pine County), Sandstone — Lumbering in Minnesota
Lumbering first arrived in this area in the 1830s, logging the white and red pine stands along the St. Croix River. Sawmills were few and much of the pine lumber was floated down the St. Croix to the Mississippi River and on to other states. Logging . . . — Map (db m5105) HM
Minnesota (Renville County), Morton — Minnesota's Civil War
In the late summer of 1862, the land on which you're standing was a war zone. The causes of that war had been brewing for decades. In treaties signed between 1805 and 1858, the Dakota nation ceded much of its land to the U.S. government. By . . . — Map (db m71337) HM
Minnesota (Sibley County), Henderson — A place of big plans and broken dreams...
The Minnesota River Valley has been home to many cultures. Paleo, Archaic, Plains, Woodland, Iowa, Oneota and Dakota Indians followed each other in the basin. After 1852, settlers from Europe and the eastern U. S. came to the valley looking for a . . . — Map (db m72107) HM
Minnesota (Sibley County), Henderson — Joseph R. Brown Minnesota River Center
Welcome to the Joseph R. Brown Minnesota River Center. In this restored 1879 Sibley County Courthouse is a Center dedicated to telling the many stories of the Minnesota River valley from the South Dakota hills to Fort Snelling, and of . . . — Map (db m72069) HM
Minnesota (Sibley County), Le Sueur — 1923 Minnesota River Bridge
Built in 1923 this bridge spanned the Minnesota River here until it was replaced in 1984. The massive steel beams are typical of the truss bridge system used in this era. The 1923 bridge replaced the first bridge which was opened in 1894. — Map (db m68768) HM
Minnesota (Sibley County), Winthrop — Eagle City, Minnesota1851 – 1881
This is the approximate site of Eagle City which was settled in 1858 at the halfway point on the Henderson to Fort Ridgely Trail. This was the same year Minnesota became a state. A. (Michael) Cummings built a tavern/hotel which also became a United . . . — Map (db m66949) HM
Minnesota (St. Louis County), Duluth — Fond du Lac – Minnesota
Site of Ojibway Village from earliest known period Daniel Greysolon, Sieur du Luth was here in 1679 Astor's American Fur Company established a trading post on this spot about 1817 First Ojibway Treaty in Minnesota made here in 1826 . . . — Map (db m43725) HM
Minnesota (St. Louis County), Duluth — Minnesota's Oldest Concrete Pavement
The streets of this Duluth neighborhood are the first concrete pavements constructed in Minnesota. They were built of portland cement concrete in 1909 and 1910 and ushered in the era of modern roads and streets in the state. A distinctive feature of . . . — Map (db m44081) HM
Minnesota (Stearns County), Avon — Charles Lindbergh’s Minnesota Roots
When Charles Lindbergh landed his airplane on May 21, 1927, after becoming the first person to fly solo and non-stop from New York to Paris, he instantly became a national hero. His background and boyhood in Minnesota prepared him well for this . . . — Map (db m85788) HM
Minnesota (Steele County), Owatonna — Minnesota State Schools
During its first session in 1858 the Minnesota State Legislature established the first of several schools for the training and care of citizens who suffered mental and physical disabilities and for children who were unable to care for themselves. . . . — Map (db m26252) HM
Minnesota (Washington County), Marine on St. Croix — Minnesota's First Commercial Sawmill
Sawmilling began here on August 24, 1839, when the Marine Lumber Company cut its first pine log. In the autumn of 1838 two lumbermen from Marine, Illinois, David Hone and Lewis Judd, arrived in the St. Croix River valley, attracted by it's . . . — Map (db m51703) HM
Minnesota (Washington County), Stillwater — Birthplace of Minnesota1848 • 1948
On this site, in the frontier river settlement of Stillwater, sixty-one delegates from the vast unorganized wilderness west of the St. Croix assembled on August 26, 1848 to hold the Minnesota Territorial Convention. In this convention the name . . . — Map (db m78686) HM
Minnesota (Washington County), Stillwater — Geology of MinnesotaStillwater Region
     The site of this tablet marks the northern limit of Lake St. Croix, impounded by the natural dam of sand and gravel, made by the Mississippi where it is joined by the St. Croix River, twenty miles below Stillwater. The . . . — Map (db m43994) HM
Missouri (Saint Louis County), Jefferson Barracks National Cemetery — Minnesota Civil War Memorial
. . . — Map (db m96253) WM
North Carolina (Dare County), Hatteras — Flagship USS Minnesota/Hotel de Afrique
Side A:Flagship USS MinnesotaUSS Minnesota, a wooden steam frigate built in 1855, was the flagship for the Atlantic Blockading Squadron commanded by Flag Officer Silas H. Stringham. Seven United States Navy warships bombarded Forts . . . — Map (db m46190) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — 1st Regiment Minnesota Volunteers1st Brigade, 2nd Division — 2nd Corps
1st Reg. Minnesota Vols. 1st Brigade, 2d Div. 2d Corps. Erected by State of Minnesota On July 3rd 1863 the survivors of this Regiment (See large monument 1/3 mile south of this) aided here in repelling Pickett's Charge and ran hence to the aid of . . . — Map (db m16338) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — First Minnesota Volunteers
(Front): First Minnesota Volunteers (Left): "All time is the millenium of their glory." (Right): These dead shall not have died in vain. (Back):The surviving members First Regiment Minnesota Infanty. To the memory of . . . — Map (db m16868) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — First Regiment Minnesota Volunteers1st Brigade, 2nd Division — 2nd Corps
(Front):First Regiment Minnesota Vol's 1st Brigade 2nd Div 2nd Corps April 29 1861 - May 4 1864Bull Run, Balls Bluff, Berryville, Yorktown, West Point, Hanover Court House, Fair Oaks, Peach Orchard, Savage Station, White Oak Swamp, Glendale, . . . — Map (db m15804) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — Sacrifice of the 1st MinnesotaJuly 2, 1863 - Second Day
"Every man realized in an instant what that order meant - death or wounds to us all, the sacrifice of a regiment to gain a few minutes' time..." Lieut. William Lochren, U.S.A. 1st Minnesota Infantry Late on the afternoon of July 2, after the . . . — Map (db m15778) HM
Tennessee (Davidson County), Nashville — Minnesota
On Shy's Hill on December 16, 1864 Minnesota troops made what historians call the "Decisive Charge in the Decisive Battle of the Civil War" that led to the destruction of the Confederate army of Tennessee. The 5th, 7th, 9th, and 10th Minnesota . . . — Map (db m87557) HM WM
Tennessee (Hamilton County), Chattanooga — MT203-04 — 2nd Minnesota
[Front/East Side of Monument]: Erected By The State Of Minnesota 1893 [Right/North Side of Monument]: The Second Minnesota Regiment of Veteran Volunteer Infantry, deployed as skirmishers, . . . — Map (db m44375) HM
Tennessee (Hardin County), Shiloh — First Minnesota Light ArtilleryPrentiss' Division — Army of the Tennessee
(Front): Minnesota (Back):First Minnesota Battery Light Artillery. Capt. Emil Munch, Brig. Gen. B.M. Prentiss' Division. Army of the Tennessee. Engaged from early in the morning, when Capt. Munch was wounded and disabled, in the . . . — Map (db m22773) HM
Virginia (James City County), Jamestown — MinnesotaQuadricentennial Plaza — Jamestown Settlement
Capital-St. Paul

Daniel Greysolon, Sieur Duluth, let an expedition to the area in 1679. French fur traders worked in the region until France ceded it to England after the French and Indian War in 1763. The eastern portion became part of the . . . — Map (db m97452) HM


Minnesota (Brown County), Courtland — The Evacuation of New Ulm
When the Second Battle of New Ulm ended on the morning of August 24, 1862, the city lay nearly in ruins. Fearing that it would surely fall if attacked again, Colonel Charles Flandrau ordered the entire city to evacuate. The next day . . . — Map (db m73792) HM
Minnesota (Brown County), New Ulm — Colonel Wilhelm Pfaender
Colonel Wilhelm Pfaender (1826-1905), born in Heilbronn, Wurttemberg, Germany, came to America as a result of the 1848 Revolution. In Germany he helped found the Turner Societies in his birth-city of Heilbronn and in Ulm. In Cincinnati, Ohio, he . . . — Map (db m73673) HM
Minnesota (Hennepin County), Brooklyn Center — Earle Brown and the Brooklyn Farm
Although this site is known today as the Earl Brown farm, it originally belonged to Captain John Martin, who was involved in steamboating, lumbering, banking, flour milling and railroading. In the mid-1880s, he purchased 420 acres of rich Hennepin . . . — Map (db m69931) HM
Minnesota (Sibley County), Henderson — The U.S.–Dakota War of 1862
The Minnesota River Valley was ripe for conflict in 1862. Tensions between the Dakota people and the U.S. government had long been brewing over broken treaty promises and dramatic changes to Dakota traditional lifestyles. Focused on . . . — Map (db m73545) HM
Minnesota (Washington County), Marine on St. Croix — Boom, Then Bust
"From here, the first log in the race, Went forth to seek a dwelling place." Harriet Bishop, Minnesota, Then and Now, 1869 The St. Croix River ranked second only to the Mississippi as a carrier of logs and . . . — Map (db m54391) HM
Minnesota (Washington County), Marine on St. Croix — Technological Revolution
"... a lonely and forgotten reminder of the hopes of men and of the lusty lumber industry which did much to build an expanding America." James Taylor Dunn, The St. Croix: Midwest Border River, 1979 The stone ruins . . . — Map (db m54137) HM

Minnesota (Brown County), New Ulm — Guardians of the Past
By the end of the fighting in New Ulm, the U.S.—Dakota War of 1862 had taken a heavy toll on the town. More than 50 settlers had been killed and 36 wounded, along with an unknown number of Dakota. In addition, at least 190 of the . . . — Map (db m74136) HM

Minnesota (Dakota County), Mendota — Mendota / Sibley House
[symbol of the Daughters of the American Revolution] Mendota In the language of the Sioux means the mouth of a river. Was the earliest permanent white settlement in southern Minnesota. A pioneer center of the fur trade. . . . — Map (db m37534) HM
Minnesota (Kandiyohi County), New London — 4 — Lundborg-Broberg State Monument
This Monument is Erected by the State of Minnesota, in Memory of Anders Petter Lundborg, born Mar. 23, 1837. Gustof Lundborg, born Apr. 30, 1839. Lars Lundborg, born Dec. 22, . . . — Map (db m78140) HM WM
Minnesota (Lake County), Knife River — The Arthur V. Rohweder Memorial Highway
So designated by the Minnesota State Legislature and enacted into State Law, April 20, 1961. In recognition of the eminent leadership and outstanding contributions of Arthur V. Rohweder to the achievement by Minnesota of notable success and . . . — Map (db m43830) HM

Minnesota (Dakota County), Mendota — "Where the Waters Meet"
Called M'Dote or "the place where waters meet" by the Dakota, this area is central to many Dakota creation stories and is significant to Dakota people today. Just west of this site is Pilot Knob, which was used extensively for burials by the Dakota . . . — Map (db m37659) HM
Minnesota (Dakota County), Mendota — St. Peter's Church
Here at Mendota (where the rivers meet) missionaries ministered to both Indians and settlers, enduring the hardships of a sprawling wilderness that was the Minnesota country. In 1842, Father Lucien Galtier built a small, log chapel with only two . . . — Map (db m37714) HM
Minnesota (Goodhue County), Vasa — Vasa: Mattson's Settlement
Founded in 1853 and called “Mattson’s Settlement” after its first resident, Hans Mattson, the community was renamed Vasa in 1856 in honor of Swedish King Gustav Vasa. Once called “the most Swedish colony in America,” . . . — Map (db m45380) HM
Minnesota (Lac qui Parle County), Montevideo — LP-CAM-003 — Camp Release
On September 26, 1862, 91 whites and about 150 mixed-blood captives, some of whom had been prisoners of the Dakota Indians for more than a month, were returned to Colonel Henry H. Sibley's military camp, later joyfully known as Camp Release. In the . . . — Map (db m69118) HM
Minnesota (Le Sueur County), Le Sueur — Dr. William W. Mayo House
The accomplishments of the Mayo family in the field of medicine have brought fame to both its members and to Minnesota, for it was Dr. William W. Mayo and his two sons, William J. and Charles H., who founded the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota, . . . — Map (db m65417) HM

Minnesota (Nicollet County), St. Peter — Welcome to Traverse des Sioux
On July 23, 1851, a treaty was signed here that transferred millions of acres of Dakota land to the U.S. government. The treaty also resulted in the Sisseton and Wahpeton Dakota bands' movement to reservation lands along the Minnesota River. . . . — Map (db m79309) HM

Minnesota (Aitkin County), Aitkin — Aitkin County Courthouse and Jail
The original courthouse built on this site in 1887 included a jail and sheriff's residence. It served a population of about 2,000 people. As a logging town, Aitkin became a railhead and an important stopping point for boats on the Mississippi River. . . . — Map (db m97528) HM
Minnesota (Aitkin County), McGregor — Glacial Lake Aitkin / Peat
(side 1) Glacial Lake Aitkin Two million years ago the first of four glaciers covered the surface of Minnesota. They were named for the limit of their southward expansion. The first was the Nebraskan, followed by the Kansan and the . . . — Map (db m43932) HM
Minnesota (Blue Earth County), Mankato — Dakota (Sioux) Memorial – 1862
The last act of the Minnesota Dakota (Sioux) War took place here in Mankato on December 26, 1862 when thirty-eight Dakota Indians died in a mass execution on this site. The Dakota War was a culmination of years of friction between Dakota and . . . — Map (db m14195) HM
Minnesota (Blue Earth County), Mankato — Highland ParkMankato's "First" City Park
This area (Bunker Hill) once served as a Civil War recruitment center, but this was not the primary reason for its acquisition. The Mankato City Council purchased approximately 10.2 acres at 150 dollars an acre on October 15, 1874, with the . . . — Map (db m68276) HM
Minnesota (Brown County), Essig — 21 — Milford State Monument
Erected by the State of Minnesota in 1929 in the memory of the men, women and children of Milford who were massacred by the Indians, Aug. 18, 1862. John M. Fink • Monika Fink • Max Fink • Carl Merkle • John B. Zettel • Barbara . . . — Map (db m67951) WM
Minnesota (Brown County), Essig — Taken by Surprise
In the summer of 1862, after years of broken treaty promises and late payments that fueled growing tensions and conflict, some Dakota began an attempt to forcibly reclaim their homeland. After attacking the Redwood (Lower Sioux) Agency . . . — Map (db m67915) HM WM
Minnesota (Brown County), Hanska — Lake Hanska
The Sioux Indians called this lake "minne hanska," meaning "long water." The basin of the lake was formed 11,000 to 15,000 years ago by the Wisconsin glacier; the original hard clay bottom is now about 50 feet below the present surface of the . . . — Map (db m66454) HM
Minnesota (Brown County), New Ulm — 5 — Defenders State Monument
This monument is erected by the State of Minnesota to commemorate the battles and incidents of the Sioux Indian War of 1862, which particularly relate to the town of New Ulm. 1890. Honored be the memory of the citizens of Blue Earth, Nicollet, . . . — Map (db m66990) HM WM
Minnesota (Brown County), New Ulm — Harkin Store
West Newton in 1870 was a thriving town, serving riverboat travel on the Minnesota River. It consisted of a hotel, a livery stable, a brewery, a sawmill, a wagon works, two blacksmith shops, three saloons, and many dwellings that made the town an . . . — Map (db m66238) HM
Minnesota (Brown County), Sleepy Eye — Chief Sleepy Eyes(Ish-tak-ha-ba)
Sleepy Eyes, or Drooping Eyelids, was born about 1780 in a Sisseton Sioux Indian village at Swan Lake in Nicollet County. The Bureau of Indian Affairs commissioned him a chief in 1824. His fame was achieved not as a warrior or hunter but as a friend . . . — Map (db m67658) HM
Minnesota (Carlton County), Kettle River — 1872
In memory of the Finnish pioneers who arrived here in the western part of Carlton County in 1872 and thereafter, and made their homes with courage and perseverance. Erected 1952 by Minnesota Finnish American Historical Society Chapter No. . . . — Map (db m3266) HM
Minnesota (Carlton County), Mahtowa — The Iron Range
One hundred miles north and west of Duluth lies the Iron Range. North America's largest iron ore region consists of three major iron ranges: the Vermillion, the Mesabi, and the Cuyuna. The Vermillion was the first to ship iron ore from Minnesota . . . — Map (db m44038) HM
Minnesota (Carver County), Chaska — CR-CKC-057 — Little Rapids Fur Post
By 1804 Jean B. Faribault was trading in furs for the Northwest Company near the "Little Rapids" of the Minnesota River, 5 miles south of this point, and in this vicinity. His fur post of 1824 on the site of Chaska became the nucleus for the first . . . — Map (db m41051) HM
Minnesota (Chippewa County), Granite Falls — A Witness to Time
The Minnesota River Valley is a witness to time. Rocks formed 3.8 billion years ago — some of the oldest in the world — lie exposed on the valley floor. These grey, pink and red granite rocks are memorials to a fiery young earth when . . . — Map (db m69039) HM
Minnesota (Chisago County), Taylors Falls — Folsom House
William Henry Carmen Folsom, St. Croix River Valley lumberman and land speculator, chose this imposing site for his home in 1854. He, his wife Mary Jane, and their two small sons lived in an open barn on this property to prove up the claim while the . . . — Map (db m44027) HM
Minnesota (Clay County), Moorhead — St, John's Episcopal Church
St. John's Episcopal Church was designed on an Elizabethan model by the noted architect, Cass Gilbert, among whose other significant buildings is the present Minnesota State Capitol. Construction of St. John's began on August 1, 1898.On February 12, . . . — Map (db m43829) HM
Minnesota (Crow Wing County), Deerwood — The Cuyuna Range
Named for entrepreneur Cuyler Adams and his faithful dog Una, the Cuyuna Ranges lies at the westernmost edge of a ring of iron ore that circles Lake Superior. The smallest of Minnesota’s three northern iron ranges, the Cuyuna was also the last to be . . . — Map (db m43934) HM
Minnesota (Crow Wing County), Garrison — Mille Lacs Lake
Names from the fur traders' phrase "The Thousand Lakes Region." This lake is 1250 feet above sea level and covers about 200 square miles. It formerly included much low ground and several adjacent lakes. When visited by Du Luth in 1679, Sioux . . . — Map (db m78405) HM
Minnesota (Crow Wing County), Garrison — William A. Tauer
This memorial erected in honor of William A. Tauer who sacrificed his life to save others during the storm on Mille Lacs Lake June 10, 1927 — Map (db m78406) HM
Minnesota (Dakota County), Hastings — Ignatius Donnelly's Nininger City Home
Just northwest of here, at the bottom of the hill, stood the home of Ignatius Donnelly, author, orator, politician, reformer, and prophet who was easily the best known Minnesotan of his time, both in the state and throughout the world. . . . — Map (db m65584) HM
Minnesota (Dakota County), Inver Grove Heights — B-52 Crash SiteCold War Veterans Memorial
On this spot on September 16, 1958, a U.S. Air force B-52D bomber crashed while on a Cold War training mission originating from Loring Air Force Base, Limestone, Maine. Seven crewmen gave their lives for their country. They were: Captain Wm. C. . . . — Map (db m45193) HM
Minnesota (Dakota County), Inver Grove Heights — The Salem Evangelical Church
The first congregation in Minnesota of the Evangelical Association of North America was organized here on March 2, 1857 by the Reverend Andrew Tarnutzer. The first small frame building was replaced in 1875 by a church measuring 20 by 32 feet and . . . — Map (db m67319) HM
Minnesota (Dakota County), Mendota — Faribault House
In front of you stands the Faribault House, built by long-time fur trader Jean-Baptiste in 1839. Faribault was originally from the Montreal area, and had been associated with the British and American fur traders since the late 1790s. He built this . . . — Map (db m37618) HM
Minnesota (Goodhue County), Cannon Falls — 20 — Colonel William Colvill Monument
William Colvill, Col. 1st Regt. Minn. Vols. Born April 5, 1830. Died June 12, 1905. In Memory Of Colonel William Colvill and the 1st Reg. Minn. Vols. which he commanded at the Battle of Gettysburg on July . . . — Map (db m46813) HM
Minnesota (Goodhue County), Red Wing — Barn Bluff
"The most beautiful prospect that imagination can form," wrote 18th century explorer Jonathan Carver about the view from Barn Bluff. "Verdant plains, fruitful meadows, and numerous islands abound with the most varied trees.... But above all, . . . — Map (db m24816) HM
Minnesota (Goodhue County), Red Wing — Remember the Maine1898 • 1902
In Memory of the Soldiers, Sailors and Marines of the Spanish American War, who Volunteered in the Cause of Freedom, Patriotism, and Humanity. Dedicated by the Department of Minnesota Auxiliary United . . . — Map (db m52401) HM
Minnesota (Hennepin County), Bloomington — Fallen Heroes Memorial
Fallen Heroes SPC Benjamin J. Slaven June 9, 2006 · SGT Brent W. Koch June 16, 2006 · SPC Kyle R. Miller June 29, 2006 · SSG Jeffery J. Hansen Aug. 21, 2006 · . . . — Map (db m42804) WM
Minnesota (Hennepin County), Excelsior — Peter M. Gideon
. . . — Map (db m59217) HM
Minnesota (Hennepin County), Excelsior — Peter M. Gideon and the Wealthy Apple
In 1853, Peter Miller Gideon and his wife, Wealthy, arrived in Minnesota from Ohio and settled on the shores of Lake Minnetonka. Long interested in fruitgrowing, Peter Gideon determined to satisfy the craving of pioneer families for apples and other . . . — Map (db m59213) HM
Minnesota (Hennepin County), Minneapolis — Como–Harriet Streetcar Line
For 74 years this transit railway carried passengers to downtown jobs, to University of Minnesota classes, and to picnics and concerts on the shores of Lake Harriet. Steam passenger trains of the Minneapolis, Lyndale & Minnetonka Railway first . . . — Map (db m38850) HM
Minnesota (Hennepin County), Minneapolis — First School House
. . . — Map (db m65803) HM
Minnesota (Hennepin County), Minneapolis — Minnehaha Depot
Milwaukee Road station agents affectionately referred to the quaint little Minnehaha Depot as "the Princess." Its delicate gingerbread architecture is reminiscent of the Victorian era when ladies in bustles and gentlemen in high collars traveled . . . — Map (db m17233) HM
Minnesota (Hennepin County), Minneapolis — Wesley United Methodist ChurchEstablished in 1852

This church stands as the first Minneapolis Methodist Church founded west of the Mississippi River. It has been the site of several Annual Conference sessions and twice Methodist bishops have been consecrated at its altar. Having brought scores . . . — Map (db m91374) HM

Minnesota (Hennepin County), Mound — Minnetonka -- Queen of the Inland Lakes
In May, 1822, a Fort Snelling drummer boy named Joseph R. Brown and his friend, William Snelling, son of the fort's commander, canoed up what is now called Minnehaha Creek to "discover" a lake long sacred to the Indian people who built burial mounds . . . — Map (db m59258) HM
Minnesota (Hennepin County), Richfield — Elizabeth R. Snelling
. . . — Map (db m12652) HM
Minnesota (Hennepin County), Richfield — Fort Snelling 1861–1946
This historical ground was a pivotal place in the development of the Northwest. With the outbreak of the Civil War in 1861, Fort Snelling expanded its limestone walls into this area, formerly a part of the U.S. Indian Agency and the location of the . . . — Map (db m42180) HM
Minnesota (Hennepin County), Richfield — The Prairie
A Sea of Grass In its early days Fort Snelling was surrounded by a sea of head-high grass. The vast Minnesota prairie was broken only by small groves of trees—willows, cottonwoods, and oaks that grew near creeks, lakes, and marshes. . . . — Map (db m17259) HM
Minnesota (Hennepin County), Richfield — U.S. Army, Buildings 17 and 18
Built in 1904-05 by the U.S. Army, Buildings 17 and 18 were constructed as double barracks to house cavalry troops. By 1911 the cavalry had left Fort Snelling, but the buildings continued to house troops through the early 1940s as the post grew in . . . — Map (db m74889) HM
Minnesota (Kandiyohi County), Atwater — Diamond Lake Camp
At the start of the U.S.-Dakota War of 1862 settlers around Columbia (now Spencer) hastily formed an oxcart train and started for the stockade at Forest City. On the way to Diamond Lake, the refugees ran into other settlers fleeing from the Eagle . . . — Map (db m77228) HM
Minnesota (Kandiyohi County), Atwater — Red River Trail
The Red River Trail was the nineteenth-century answer to communication over the frontier between the early settlements on the Mississippi and Minnesota Rivers and Lord Selkirk's settlements (Winnipeg) in Canada. Trails, such as this, were not . . . — Map (db m77016) HM
Minnesota (Kandiyohi County), Atwater — Wheeler Lake Camp
After fighting a running battle with the Dakota on August 20, 1862 at Diamond Lake, two groups of refugees from Spicer and Eagle Lake camped here at Wheeler's Lake. The Dakota camped across the lake from them. There were no disturbances during . . . — Map (db m77273) HM
Minnesota (Kandiyohi County), Kandiyohi — John Other Day Camp
John Other Day, a Dakota who disagreed with the decision to go to war with the Whites, led a party of sixty-two white men, women and children out of danger when the Dakota attacked the Upper Sioux Agency near Granite Falls. The party left the Agency . . . — Map (db m76656) HM
Minnesota (Kandiyohi County), Lake Lillian — Dalton Johnson Wildlife Area — Pheasants Forever
            A founding member of the Kandiyohi County PF (Pheasants Forever), Dalton worked tirelessly to keep the fledgling chapter going. He was committed to a cause he strongly believed in.....establishing quality habitat . . . — Map (db m77082) HM
Minnesota (Kandiyohi County), Spicer — Gates Homestead
Joshua H. Gates arrived at Diamond Lake in 1857 where he claimed land in Sections 17 and 20 of Harrison Township. Gates may have been the first farmer in what is now Kandiyohi County. This is the site of the Joshua and Lucinda Gates family . . . — Map (db m77102) HM
Minnesota (Kandiyohi County), Spicer — Little Crow's Camp
The Dakota nation established campsites in Kandiyohi County to hunt and fish. Little Crow's campsite located here was used for that purpose. Little Crow was born Taoyateduta about 1810 in the Mdewakanton Dakota village of Kaposia. Little Crow later . . . — Map (db m78384) HM
Minnesota (Kandiyohi County), Spicer — Olof Olson Haugen
In May 1859, Olof Olson Haugen, his wife Bergeret, and son Frederick homesteaded here in section 32, Dovre Township. Over the next three years, the Haugen family diligently worked to establish their new life; building shelter, raising crops and . . . — Map (db m77770) HM
Minnesota (Kandiyohi County), Sunburg — Old Log Church
Following the Civil War, immigrants flowed into the Norway Lake area with the majority from Norway and Sweden. On October 10, 1868, Norwegian Evangelical Lutheran Church of Norway Lake incorporated and built a log cabin worship facility at this . . . — Map (db m76700) HM
Minnesota (Koochiching County), International Falls — Route of the Voyageurs
From the late 1600s to about 1820 the chain of waterways of which Minnesota's border lakes form a segment was the thoroughfare of a vast fur trading empire. As its longest, this water route stretched from Montreal to Lake Athabasca, and over it a . . . — Map (db m8363) HM
Minnesota (Lac qui Parle County), Montevideo — 6 — Camp Release State Monument
Southern side: Camp Release Eastern side: Battles  Redwood Aug. 18, 1862.   Fort Ridgely Aug. 20.-22.    New Ulm Aug. 23.-24.     Birch Coulee Sept. 2.      Fort Abercrombie Sept. 6.       Wood Lake Sept. . . . — Map (db m69158) HM
Minnesota (Lac qui Parle County), Montevideo — Maza sa Protected His Village
Experience showed Dakota Chief Maza sa (Red Iron) that it did little good to stand in the way of the U.S. government. He had opposed the 1851 Treaty of Traverse des Sioux but, in the end, had little choice when he and other Dakota . . . — Map (db m71425) HM
Minnesota (Lac qui Parle County), Montevideo — Tried and Sentenced
Just two days after the captives were turned over, the brief military trials of the Dakota who had taken part in the fighting began here at Camp Release on September 28, 1862. The trials moved to the Redwood (Lower Sioux) Agency on . . . — Map (db m71437) HM
Minnesota (Lake County), Split Rock Lighthouse State Park — Anchor of the Madeira
This anchor was salvaged from the shipwreck of the 5000-ton steel barge, Madeira, which was tossed up against Gold Rock Point, about a quarter mile northeast of here, during the fierce storm of November 27-28, 1905. As the ship broke . . . — Map (db m78751) HM
Minnesota (Lake County), Split Rock Lighthouse State Park — Steam Hoist Engine
This concrete platform is all that remains of the building that housed the steam hoist engine that was used in constructing Split Rock Lighthouse. Everything needed for building the light station in 1909-10 came by boat. The hoist engine . . . — Map (db m78717) HM
Minnesota (Lake County), Split Rock Lighthouse State Park — The Gales of November
It's the early morning hours of November 28, 1905. Imagine yourself standing right here in the middle of one of the worst storms in Great Lakes history - 65-mile-per-hour winds, blinding snow, 30-foot waves crashing into the cliff. The . . . — Map (db m78716) HM
Minnesota (Lake County), Two Harbors — Duluth and Iron Range Depot
Two Harbors owes its very existence to the Duluth and Iron Range Railroad (D&IR), established in 1883 to transport iron ore from the Vermilion Range for shipping to steel mills via the the [sic] Great Lakes. The railroad chose Agate Bay, renamed . . . — Map (db m78778) HM
Minnesota (Lake County), Two Harbors — Two Harbors Light Station
After the Minnesota Iron Company began shipping iron ore from the Vermilion Range through the Two Harbors ore docks in 1884, this port far surpassed Duluth in importance. The increased traffic of ore boats, combined with commercial fishing, made . . . — Map (db m78812) HM
Minnesota (Le Sueur County), Le Sueur — Roster of the Le Sueur TigersLe Sueur Tigers · 150 Years • 1862 – 2012
Le Sueur Tigers No. 1, William Dellaughter, commander I. Allen, E. Bacon, A. Bangs, H. Bridenthall, B. Birdsall, J. Birdsall, P. Burch, N. Burgers, L. Butman, F. Butteauz, S. Carpenter, W. Case, J. Coggswell, G. Cook, B. Cosly, . . . — Map (db m65705) HM WM
Minnesota (Le Sueur County), Le Sueur — The Jolly Green Giant
In 1903, fourteen of Le Sueur's leading businessmen met in the back of the Cosgrove Harness Shop to start a canning factory. They called it the Minnesota Valley Canning Company. Sixty-seven shares of stock at one hundred dollars per share were sold . . . — Map (db m65416) HM
Minnesota (Meeker County), Grove City — 12 — Acton State Monument
This marks the spot where the first blood was shed in the Sioux Indian Outbreak Aug. 17, 1862 Victims: Robinson Jones • Ann Baker-Jones • Howard Baker • Viranus Webster • Clara D. Wilson Bodies of these Victims are buried in Ness . . . — Map (db m70373) HM WM
Minnesota (Meeker County), Grove City — The Acton Incident
  On August 17, 1862, four young Dakota hunters, returning to their hungry families from an unsuccessful hunt, argued about stealing food from white settlers. Sungigidan, Kaomdeiyeyedan, Nagiwicakte, and Pazoiyopa dared each other this: who among . . . — Map (db m70357) HM
Minnesota (Meeker County), Litchfield — G.A.R. Hall
    The Grand Army of the Republic was an organization established in 1866 by Union veterans of the Civil War to preserve friendships, honor fallen comrades, and aid widows and the handicapped. It was wielded great political influence in the . . . — Map (db m70427) HM
Minnesota (Meeker County), Litchfield — 3 — Ness Cemetery State Monument
First Blood In memory of the first five victims of the great Indian massacre of August 1862, and buried here in one grave Robinson Jones • Viranus Webster • Howard Baker • Ann Baker • Clara D. Wilson Erected by the State in 1878 . . . — Map (db m70407) HM WM
Minnesota (Meeker County), Litchfield — Ness Lutheran ChurchNess Memorial Cemetery
    The first pioneers to settle in this area arrived by July, 1856, three months after their oxen-drawn prairie schooners left Rock County, Wisconsin. They were the families of Henrik H. Thoen, Ole H. Ness, Nels H. Colberg and bachelors Ole H. . . . — Map (db m92468) HM
Minnesota (Mille Lacs County), Vineland — ML-KAN-006 — IzatysVineland Historical Marker
In this vicinity stood the grand Sioux village of Izatys where Duluth planted the French arms on July 2, 1679. The settlement was visited by Father Hennepin in 1680. About 1750 the Chippewa moving westward from Lake Superior, captured the . . . — Map (db m19760) HM
Minnesota (Morrison County), Little Falls — A Boyhood on the Mississippi
The center of Charles Lindbergh's grand boyhood adventures was the Mississippi River. Here he fished and swam, built and 'sailed" a raft, skipped across logjams, and looked across the water's wide expanse, dreaming about the future. It was in . . . — Map (db m78225) HM
Minnesota (Morrison County), Little Falls — 19 — Belle Prairie Church and Log CabinOriginal Historic Site
Belle Prairie, meaning, "beautiful prairie," was named by French fur traders and voyageurs. It was organized as a township on March 25, 1859. Belle Prairie was the home of the first school in Morrison County started in 1849 by Frederick Ayer. . . . — Map (db m78448) HM
Minnesota (Morrison County), Little Falls — Childhood Memories of a Magical Place
Young Explorer Introspective and inventive, Lindbergh explored the rivers and woods, making his own fun most days. In the "usual good weather of a Minnesota summer," Lindbergh spent most of his time outdoors. He avidly collected rocks, . . . — Map (db m78373) HM
Minnesota (Morrison County), Little Falls — Lindbergh House
"I never deserted the farm as the ultimate goal of my return - and there is my home when I am home, for the farm unquestionably is the best of all places to live, and it affords the most independence." Thus wrote Congressman Charles A. . . . — Map (db m78194) HM
Minnesota (Morrison County), Little Falls — Lindbergh State Park
After Charles Lindbergh took off on his motorcycle in 1920, headed for the University of Wisconsin, he rarely came back to Little Falls. He made one visit by airplane in 1923, landing his "Jenny" - the first plane he owned - in a field near . . . — Map (db m78196) HM
Minnesota (Morrison County), Little Falls — Little Falls and the Mississippi River
For many generations, Native people lived in this area along the banks of the upper Mississippi. Later, fur traders and Christian missionaries worked among the Indians. But as early as the 1830s, white settlers and soldiers from Fort Snelling . . . — Map (db m78228) HM
Minnesota (Morrison County), Little Falls — Nathan Richardson"Father of Morrison County" — February 24, 1829 - January 9, 1908
Nathan Richardson, affectionately known as "Uncle Nate," was one of the founders of Morrison County when it was organized in 1856. He was later instrumental in expanding the county to include the portion on the west side of the Mississippi . . . — Map (db m78471) HM
Minnesota (Morrison County), Little Falls — Tenant Farmer HouseHome to Workers
This is the original Lindbergh Farm tenant farmer house, built about the same time as the Charles A. Lindbergh home, across the road to the east. Some of these farm workers brought playmates for young Charles. Somewhat isolated on the farm, . . . — Map (db m78193) HM
Minnesota (Morrison County), Little Falls — The Boyhood Farm of Charles Lindbergh
A Home Becomes A Park The landscape before you is the farm where Charles A. Lindbergh Jr., the famous aviator, spent his youth. Lindbergh completed the first solo, nonstop transatlantic flight on May 21, 1927. This land was donated to . . . — Map (db m78374) HM
Minnesota (Morrison County), Little Falls — The WPA Builds a Park in the Rustic Style
Historic Treasures During the Great Depression, President Franklin D. Roosevelt initiated federal programs aimed at putting people back to work. One of these programs was the Works Progress Administration (WPA), which focused on building . . . — Map (db m78379) HM
Minnesota (Morrison County), Little Falls — WPA Water Tower & Shelter Building
Holding Up The H2O The water tower was completed in 1939 by Works Progress Administration (WPA) workers. It stands three stories high. Water towers use gravity to create pressure that moves water through supply pipes. Each foot of . . . — Map (db m78380) HM
Minnesota (Nicollet County), Fairfax — A Doctor's Life
The Post's surgeon lived here. In addition to treating the sick and injured, the post surgeon was himself a commissioned officer, in charge of enforcing proper sanitary measures. The regular inspection of living quarters, the water supply, . . . — Map (db m71677) HM
Minnesota (Nicollet County), Fairfax — A Far Cry from Glory
Most officers in the regular army during the 1850s were professional soldiers with combat experience. Most had fought in the Mexican-American War (1846-47), and three quarters were West Point graduates. To those who had seen action in Mexico, . . . — Map (db m71768) HM
Minnesota (Nicollet County), Fairfax — A Minority in Their Homeland / U.S.-Dakota Conflict
A Minority in Their Homeland For generations, the land stretching out around you was the homeland of the Dakota Indians. Through treaties in 1851, the Dakota sold all of their land in southern Minnesota. The treaties disregarded Dakota . . . — Map (db m71126) HM
Minnesota (Nicollet County), Fairfax — Attack from the Northeast
You are standing where cannon fire stopped the Dakota assault on August 20, 1862. According to Tasina Wakanhdi (Lightning Blanket), who was involved in both attacks on the Fort, the warriors who made the first attack on Fort Ridgely were men from . . . — Map (db m71702) HM
Minnesota (Nicollet County), Fairfax — Bakehouse
Large wood-burning ovens emitted so much heat that they were housed in a special structure on this site, remote from the other fort buildings. Minnesota Historical Society Fort Ridgely Map (db m72596) HM
Minnesota (Nicollet County), Fairfax — Camp Women
In 1860, there were 39 women here at the fort. Most were the wives and daughters of officers and enlisted men. Others were governesses, servants, and cooks hired by officers. Civilian women like Wilhemina Randall, the wife of the post sutler, . . . — Map (db m72751) HM
Minnesota (Nicollet County), Fairfax — 1 — Captain John S. Marsh State Monument
Erected by the State of Minnesota 1873 Built by Sullivan & Terry, Mankato. In memory of Capt. John S. Marsh • First Serg't Russell H. Findley • Serg't Solon A. Trescott • Corp'l Joseph S. Besse • Private Charles R. . . . — Map (db m70679) WM
Minnesota (Nicollet County), Fairfax — 16 — Chief Mou-Zoo-Mau-Nee State Monument
Erected by the State of Minnesota in recognition of, and to commemorate the loyal and efficient services rendered to the State by Chief Mou-Zoo-Mau-Nee and the Chippewa Indians during the Sioux out-break and the civil war. — Map (db m70730) WM
Minnesota (Nicollet County), Fairfax — Economic Engine
With hundreds of men and some 175 horses, the garrison had a gargantuan appetite for wood, hay, grain, corn, and beef. Unable to meet the requirements of the post through any direct federal supply system, the War Department issued contracts to . . . — Map (db m71497) HM
Minnesota (Nicollet County), Fairfax — 2 — Eliza Müller State Monument
The State of Minnesota to the Memory of Mrs Eliza Müller 1877 Her valor and her devotion to the care of the sick and wounded soldiers and refugees during and after the Sioux Indian outbreak of 1862 will forever be . . . — Map (db m70713) HM
Minnesota (Nicollet County), Fairfax — Five Days and Nights on the River
Elden Lawrence writes about a daring rescue led by his great-grandfather, Lorenzo Lawrence: The Dakota were divided about whether to go to war with the whites. After attempts to avert the fighting proved futile, many Dakota decided to . . . — Map (db m72934) HM
Minnesota (Nicollet County), Fairfax — Fort Ridgely
Fort Ridgely both contradicts and fits the popular culture stereotype of a frontier fort. Following its 1855 completion, the Fort’s primary role was to assist the federal government with an orderly transition of land ownership from American Indians . . . — Map (db m70107) HM
Minnesota (Nicollet County), Fairfax — Fort Ridgely Closes
As the frontier moved westward, Fort Ridgely's importance declined. Troops were withdrawn on May 22, 1867, but the buildings and land remained the property of the federal government. Settlers pillaged the fort, carting off stone, wood, and other . . . — Map (db m73002) HM
Minnesota (Nicollet County), Fairfax — 8 — Fort Ridgely State Monument
In memory of the fallen; in recognition of the living; and for the emulation of future generations.     Erected A.D. 1896, by the State of Minnesota, to preserve the site of Fort Ridgely, a United States military post established in . . . — Map (db m70741) HM WM
Minnesota (Nicollet County), Fairfax — Four Days From Fort Snelling
The steamer West Newton left St. Paul on April 26, 1853, transporting the first soldiers to the site of the new post. It took four days to get from Fort Snelling to Fort Ridgely. John P. Owens, passenger and editor of The . . . — Map (db m71504) HM
Minnesota (Nicollet County), Fairfax — Garrison Life Was Like Clockwork
The army believed that routine promoted discipline. Soldiers were on duty six days a week from daybreak to dusk. Garrison life consisted of roll calls, inspections, parades, guard duty, weapons training, drills, and daily chores called fatigues. . . . — Map (db m71993) HM
Minnesota (Nicollet County), Fairfax — Log Buildings
Five log buildings stood in a row behind the barracks. They were among the earliest structures erected at the post to serve as officers' homes until regular quarters were completed. Archaeological excavations indicate that the building in the . . . — Map (db m72801) HM
Minnesota (Nicollet County), Fairfax — Officers' Latrines
In 1972 Minnesota Historical Society archaeologists excavated a row of latrines that stood behind the officers' quarters, in order to retrieve household articles disposed of during the post's active years. This excavation revealed that the . . . — Map (db m72670) HM
Minnesota (Nicollet County), Fairfax — Officers' Quarters—A
The frame structure that stood here probably housed two officers and their families, much as a duplex would today. A central hall divided the building, and each half contained living, sleeping, and cooking areas. Minnesota Historical . . . — Map (db m71980) HM
Minnesota (Nicollet County), Fairfax — Officers' Quarters—B
At first glance, this foundation of Officers' Quarters B appears identical to that of Officers' Quarters A. A closer look, however, reveals that this building was somewhat larger. Sketches of the two structures indicate they also had different . . . — Map (db m71854) HM
Minnesota (Nicollet County), Fairfax — Officers' Quarters—C
This building was identical to Officers' Quarters B and was one of several Fort Ridgely structures excavated by G. Hubert Smith in the mid-1930s. Assisted by unemployed World War I veterans from the Works Progress Administration, Smith not only . . . — Map (db m71625) HM
Minnesota (Nicollet County), Fairfax — Powder Magazines
This original log powder magazine, and another one similar to it, stood across the road in front of you when Fort Ridgely was an active military post. These buildings were used for storing ammunition and unused weapons. During the 1862 battles, a . . . — Map (db m71726) HM
Minnesota (Nicollet County), Fairfax — Reinforcements Arrive
Soldiers and civilian refugees peered anxiously in this direction, fearing another attack and praying for help. The garrison had dug entrenchments and built an earthen wall south of the fort. Barricades on all sides had been strengthened. During . . . — Map (db m71599) HM
Minnesota (Nicollet County), Fairfax — Stone Barracks
The immense stone barracks was the most impressive building at Fort Ridgely. Measuring 235 feet by 40 feet and two stories high, it could house as many as 400 enlisted men. Its two-foot-thick walls were made of rectangular granite blocks set in . . . — Map (db m72209) HM
Minnesota (Nicollet County), Fairfax — Surgeon's Quarters—Headquarters
Fort Ridgely's commandant and its surgeon lived with their families in the structure on this site. A central hallway divided the quarters into two separate living units. The building was destroyed by fire in 1865. Minnesota Historical . . . — Map (db m71667) HM
Minnesota (Nicollet County), Fairfax — Surprise Attack at Redwood Ferry
On the morning of August 18, 1862, Captain John Marsh, 46 soldiers, and interpreter Peter Quinn left the fort to respond to news of violence at Lower Sioux Agency. After an 11-mile march, the soldiers prepared to cross the Minnesota River at the . . . — Map (db m71633) HM
Minnesota (Nicollet County), Fairfax — This Fort Had a Purpose
Fort Ridgely served as a buffer between Dakota Indians on the reservations and white settlers pouring into the Minnesota River valley. Soldiers stationed here enforced treaty agreements and protected the Dakota from intrusions onto their . . . — Map (db m71197) HM
Minnesota (Nicollet County), Fairfax — Who Lived in the Barracks?
Most soldiers at Fort Ridgely were low-ranking enlisted men, and before 1861 most of these were foreign-born. Out of 166 enlisted men in the 1860 census, 70 were from Ireland, 34 from Germany, ten from Great Britain, and 33 from the United . . . — Map (db m72429) HM
Minnesota (Nicollet County), St. Peter — "Only a Memory Now"
In 1856 a new town thrived where you are now standing. Traverse des Sioux had five taverns, two hotels, several churches, and even a brewery—some 70 buildings in all—and a population that at one time reached about 300. But . . . — Map (db m75762) HM
Minnesota (Nicollet County), St. Peter — A Minority in Their Homeland
For generations, the land stretching out around you was the homeland of the Dakota Indians. Through treaties in 1851, the Dakota sold all of their land in southern Minnesota. The treaties disregarded Dakota people's traditional decision-making . . . — Map (db m71537) HM
Minnesota (Nicollet County), St. Peter — A River Crossroad
For centuries animals and people used the solid footing and shallow water at Traverse des Sioux as a natural river crossing. In time the crossing became a place for people to meet and trade goods. European fur traders were quick to see the . . . — Map (db m73945) HM
Minnesota (Nicollet County), St. Peter — Archaeology
Archaeology is the recovery and study of material evidence, such as remainders of pottery, to help us learn about people and places of the past. In 1994 the Minnesota Historical Society conducted a survey to map and excavate the . . . — Map (db m78179) HM
Minnesota (Nicollet County), St. Peter — Ecakensdonyapi
Here, for countless generations, Dakota people followed the traditional ways of their ancestors. Living close to the land, they learned how to read nature's signs and developed an intimate understanding of the habitats and growth cycles of . . . — Map (db m77896) HM
Minnesota (Nicollet County), St. Peter — Exploring the River Valley
Although European traders reached this area in 1695, it was not systematically mapped until the late 1830s. The mapmaker was Joseph Nicollet, a French astronomer and cartographer who led two government-sponsored expeditions into what is now . . . — Map (db m74990) HM
Minnesota (Nicollet County), St. Peter — Fur Trader Louis Provencalle
Because of its importance as a river crossing, Traverse des Sioux was a major distribution point for the fur trade. As early as the 1770s, the Dakota were trading here for guns, blankets, and kettles. One prominent local trader was the . . . — Map (db m76158) HM
Minnesota (Nicollet County), St. Peter — Land-Seas
Imagine standing in this spot 150 years ago. It would have looked very different than it does today. To the west (your left) was a rolling prairie — vast, nearly treeless grasslands. In the summer the prairie would be ablaze with . . . — Map (db m77940) HM
Minnesota (Nicollet County), St. Peter — Ministering to the Dakota
The Reverend Stephen Riggs and his wife, Mary, arrived at Traverse des Sioux in 1843 to establish a Protestant mission for the Dakota. He and other missionaries believed they had a duty to convert Indians to Christianity. Their efforts . . . — Map (db m78112) HM
Minnesota (Nicollet County), St. Peter — The Rush for Land
The signing of the 1851 treaty was the signal for settlers and speculators to rush into the new territory. Here, between 1852 and 1855, several town sites were laid out for sale. The first outfit to offer land was the Traverse des Sioux . . . — Map (db m75224) HM
Minnesota (Nicollet County), St. Peter — The Treaty of Traverse des Sioux
Near this place on July 23, 1851, the Sisseton and Wahpeton bands of the Dakota sold 21 million acres of land to the federal government for $1,665,000—about 7.5 cents per acre. The Dakota, hoping to ensure a future for their children, . . . — Map (db m71152) HM
Minnesota (Nicollet County), St. Peter — Traverse des Sioux
This ancient fording place, the "Crossing of the Sioux," was on the heavily traveled trail from St. Paul and Fort Snelling to the upper Minnesota and Red River valleys. Here, on June 30, 1851, Governor Alexander Ramsey, Commissioner of Indian . . . — Map (db m65557) HM
Minnesota (Nobles County), Adrian — Military Highways
As the State was explored and settled by Euroamericans, it became necessary to connect one place of settlement to another. The Native Americans had numerous trails that they used, some of which had developed from animal paths. The Fur traders and . . . — Map (db m34464) HM
Minnesota (Pine County), Hinckley — 9 — The Great Hinckley Fire
This Monument is erected by The State of Minnesota under an Act of the Legislature Approved April 7th, A. D. 1899 To the Memory of Four Hundred and Eighteen Men Women and Children who perished in the Great Hinckley Forest Fire of September First A. . . . — Map (db m2802) HM
Minnesota (Pine County), Willow River — Christopher C. Andrews, Conservation Pioneer
In the 1880's, when General Christopher C. Andrews began urging the state to consider the future of its forested lands, most Minnesotans could not believe that there might ever be a shortage of timber. But by the time of his death in 1922 the vast . . . — Map (db m5288) HM
Minnesota (Ramsey County), Saint Paul — Jacob Fahlstrom
In memory of the first Swedish settler in Minnesota Jacob Fahlstrom Fur Trader – Mail Carrier Missionary 1793 – 1857 who farmed in this region before 1838 Erected and dedicated by the Minnesota Swedish Pioneer . . . — Map (db m76665) HM
Minnesota (Ramsey County), Saint Paul — James J. Hill / The James J. Hill House
James J. Hill "Most men who have really lived here have had, in some shape, their great adventure. This railway is mine," wrote James J. Hill to the Great Northern Railway employees upon his retirement in 1912. Throughout his long working . . . — Map (db m31496) HM
Minnesota (Redwood County), Morton — Court Martial Site
175 feet north stood the building in which upwards of 100 Sioux Indians were tried by Court Martial convicted and sentenced to death Nov. 1862. — Map (db m67772) HM
Minnesota (Redwood County), Morton — Forbes' Trading Post Site
400 feet north stood Forbe's trading-post, Aug. 18, 1862. — Map (db m67880) HM
Minnesota (Redwood County), Morton — Mdewakanton Ehdakupi Wanagi MakoceMdewakanton Repatriation Burial Site
  De oyanke ed Mdwakanton Dakota wicantancan ehdakupi kin hena wicaliapi.   Hena 1862 U.S. - Dakota okicize iyohakab tamakoce etan wicakaliapi.   Dena oyate wicatancan ehdakupi he, he Dakota tona waniyetu ota, Minisota Makobaspe . . . — Map (db m70158) HM
Minnesota (Redwood County), Morton — Myrick's Trading Post Site
40 feet north stood Myrick's trading-post, Aug. 18, 1862. — Map (db m67834) HM
Minnesota (Redwood County), Morton — Robert's Trading Post Site
188 feet north stood Robert's trading-post, Aug. 18, 1862. — Map (db m67845) HM
Minnesota (Redwood County), Morton — St. Cornelia's Church
  A center of Mdewakanton Dakota community life for several generations, St. Cornelia's Episcopal Church is a symbol of Dakota continuity in the homeland from which they once were exiles. In 1987 the remains of 31 Dakota who died in an Iowa . . . — Map (db m70182) HM
Minnesota (Redwood County), Morton — The Remains of Hon. J.W. Lynde
Here lie the remains of Hon. J.W. Lynde Killed by Sioux Indians Aug. 18, 1862. — Map (db m67769) HM
Minnesota (Redwood County), Redwood Falls — Wowinape or Thomas Wakeman(1846 – 1886)
Near this spot lie the remains of Wowinape (Place of Refuge), a survivor of the Dakota War of 1862. Wowinape was the son of Taoyateduta (His Red Nation), known to whites as Little Crow, spokesman and leader of the Dakota in that tragic war. In July, . . . — Map (db m69792) HM
Minnesota (Renville County), Delhi — 18 — Schwandt State Monument
Erected by State of Minnesota 1915 In Memory of Martyrs for Civilization Johann Schwandt Christina Schwandt & Their Children Fredrik & Christian John Walz Karolina Schwandt Walz & John Frass Murdered by Sioux Indians . . . — Map (db m69572) HM WM
Minnesota (Renville County), Fairfax — A Second Wave of Attacks
The Dakota plan of attack on August 22 was the same as on the 20th—a volley of three shots from the north, followed by a rush of warriors from the east, south, and west. The plan was disrupted again when a mail carrier was spotted on the . . . — Map (db m71646) HM
Minnesota (Renville County), Morton — "A Beautiful Place to Encamp"
"It was a beautiful place to encamp, but it proved an unfortunate one for us, as the enemy had the advantage both of the timber and hill for protection."                                             Joseph Anderson To . . . — Map (db m71481) HM
Minnesota (Renville County), Morton — “The Fight Was On”
"One of the sentinels fired. The shot was followed by a heavy volley from the Indians, which...killed and wounded several of our men and the fight was on."                                             Joseph Anderson . . . — Map (db m71554) HM
Minnesota (Renville County), Morton — After the Battle
"Soon after the battle I, with many others who had taken part in the war, surrendered to Gen. Sibley."                                                 Wamditanka "As soon as I surrendered I was thrown in prison," . . . — Map (db m71612) HM
Minnesota (Renville County), Morton — Battle Scars
All our horses, both cavalry and transportation horses, were either killed or so badly wounded as to make them unfit for service."                                                 Joseph Anderson Tethered to wagons on the . . . — Map (db m71575) HM
Minnesota (Renville County), Morton — Battle Tactics
"It was concluded to surround the camp that night and attack it at daylight. We felt sure we could capture it."                                                 Wamditanka After the Dakota scouts spotted Anderson's men . . . — Map (db m71510) HM
Minnesota (Renville County), Morton — 7 — Birch Coulee State MonumentSept. 2d. & 3d., 1862.
north side Erected by the State of Minnesota in grateful remembrance of the Heroism of those gallant soldiers and citizens who fought the Battle of Birch Coulee and to perpetuate their names. Capt. Hiram P. Grant. Co. A. 6th Minnesota . . . — Map (db m69514) HM WM
Minnesota (Renville County), Morton — Dakota Positions
"We had no difficulty in surrounding the camp. The pickets were only a little way from it."                                                 Wamditanka No soldiers would have attempted to climb this hill during the battle. . . . — Map (db m71551) HM
Minnesota (Renville County), Morton — Redwood Ferry
On a summer day in 1862 the Redwood Ferry landing on the Minnesota River below this point was the scene of the first attack against military troops in one of America's most tragic Indian wars. Early in the morning of August 18, 1862, a large . . . — Map (db m68897) HM
Minnesota (Renville County), Morton — The Battle Ends
On the second day of the fight, we were reinforced...which ended one of the hardest and best fought battles known."                                                 Joseph Anderson Early in the afternoon of September 3, . . . — Map (db m71590) HM
Minnesota (Renville County), Morton — The Battle of Birch CouleeBig Eagle
West of crest of hill and 755 feet east was one of the principal points of attack by the Sioux indians under Big Eagle, Sept 2-3, 1862. — Map (db m67764) HM
Minnesota (Renville County), Morton — The Battle of Birch CouleeMah-Ka-To
600 feet south, in the ravine the whites were attacked by the Sioux Indians under Mah-Ka-To Sept. 2, 1862. — Map (db m69389) HM
Minnesota (Renville County), Morton — The Battle of Birch Coulee
. . . — Map (db m71795) HM
Minnesota (Renville County), Morton — The Battle of Birch Coulee
Just before sunrise on September 2, 1862, the sharp crack of a warning shot signaled the start of the Battle of Birch Coulee. One of the bloodiest battles of the U.S.-Dakota War was fought here. For a day and a half, this place echoed . . . — Map (db m71159) HM
Minnesota (Renville County), Morton — The Battle of Birch CouleeGray Bird
In the then tall grass in the swale, about 800 feet north, a body of Sioux Indians under Gray Bird attacked the whites. Behind the hill 400 feet to the east was the last point of attack by the Indians, whence they were driven by . . . — Map (db m70059) HM
Minnesota (Renville County), Morton — The Faithful Indians' MonumentHumanity • Patriotism • Fidelity • Courage
Erected A. D. 1899 by the Minnesota Valley Historical Society to commemorate the brave, faithful, and humane conduct of the loyal Indians who saved the lives of white people and were true to their obligations throughout the Sioux War in Minnesota . . . — Map (db m69496) HM WM
Minnesota (Renville County), Morton — The Prairie Factor
"I led my men up from the west through the grass and took up a position 200 yards from the camp behind a small knoll."                                     Wamditanka You are standing where Wamditanka and his band took . . . — Map (db m71532) HM
Minnesota (Renville County), Morton — The Story of the Land
Before the Battle When glaciers receded from this region thousands of years ago, they left behind huge rivers and lakes in a broad valley. Over time, the valley became filled with tallgrass prairies, small lakes, and the waterway known . . . — Map (db m71445) HM
Minnesota (Renville County), Morton — Two Men, One War
The story of Birch Coulee is told vividly by the men who fought here. As you move along this trail, you will follow the stories of two men: Joseph Anderson, a captain in the U.S. Army, and Wamditanka (Big Eagle), a Mdewakanton chief. . . . — Map (db m71459) HM
Minnesota (Renville County), Morton — Wrong Place, Wrong Time
"When the men in advance reached Little Crow's village...they saw a column of mounted men and some wagons...going eastward."                               Wamditanka The "men in advance" were Dakota scouts. According to . . . — Map (db m71472) HM
Minnesota (Renville County), Sacred Heart — The Joseph R. Brown House
A Grand and Luxurious Home This was the first house built of quarried granite in the Minnesota River valley during the 1860s. Most structures then were cabins or small wooden frame houses. Brick and stone structures had been built at . . . — Map (db m69465) HM
Minnesota (Rice County), Faribault — The Cathedral of Our Merciful Saviour
One of the earliest missionary centers of the Episcopal Church in Minnesota and believed to be the first Episcopal cathedral built in the United States, the Cathedral of Our Merciful Saviour is also a monument to Henry Benjamin Whipple. Elected . . . — Map (db m82807) HM
Minnesota (Rice County), Nerstrand — Thomas Anderson Veblen and Kari Bunde Veblen Farmstead / History of the Veblen Farmstead
Thomas Anderson Veblen and Kari Bunde Veblen Farmstead From 1866 to 1893 this farmstead was the home of the Veblen family one of the most prominent Norwegian immigrant families of the nineteenth century. The most distinguishing trait of . . . — Map (db m49376) HM
Minnesota (Rice County), Northfield — A Flour Milling Revolution
In the 1870s and 1880s, important changes took place inside several small flour mills in southeastern Minnesota. Those changes laid the groundwork for a technological revolution that made Minnesota's milling industry the largest in the world. . . . — Map (db m26200) HM
Minnesota (Roseau County), Warroad — Fort St. Charles
Pierre Gaultier de Varennes, Sieur de La Verendrye, established Fort St. Charles on Lake of the Woods in 1732. A daring soldier, fir trader, and explorer, La Verendrye had the ambitious dream of finding the fabled "Western Sea" and sought to . . . — Map (db m8375) HM
Minnesota (Roseau County), Warroad — Warroad
The name Warroad bespeaks the Indian heritage of this town, once one of the largest Chippewa villages on Lake of the Woods. The Chippewa fought a long and fierce war against the Sioux for the lake's rice fields. Occupying the prairies of the Red . . . — Map (db m8420) HM
Minnesota (Scott County), New Market — The Big Woods
When the first explorers came to what became Minnesota, they found a land with three very different personalities. To the north were the great forests of white pine and other conifers that later attracted armies of lumberjacks and made Minnesota a . . . — Map (db m15380) HM
Minnesota (Sibley County), Henderson — Exiled from Their Homeland
In November of 1862, after the fighting of the U.S.-Dakota War had drawn to a close, those who had not engaged in battle — mostly women and children — were taken overland by U.S. soldiers from the Redwood (Lower Sioux) . . . — Map (db m73578) HM
Minnesota (Sibley County), Henderson — 14 — Joseph R. Brown State Monument
Joseph R. Brown Pioneer. Statesman. Soldier. 1805 — 1870 Founder of Henderson. — Map (db m71162) HM
Minnesota (St. Louis County), Duluth — SL-DUL-242 — Fond du Lac
Fond du Lac was incorporated in 1857 and became a part of the City of Duluth in 1895. This is the site of a major Chippewa Indian settlement from the sixteenth through the nineteenth centuries and is situated on the early canoe route along the St. . . . — Map (db m43723) HM
Minnesota (St. Louis County), Eveleth — A Three-Way Continental Divide
A drop of rain water falling here in the Giants Range, a rare three-way continental divide, may flow either north into icy Hudson Bay, east into the Atlantic Ocean, or south into the warm waters of the Gulf of Mexico. From the north slope of . . . — Map (db m3048) HM
Minnesota (St. Louis County), Hibbing — Early Finnish Pioneers
1892. Dedicated to the memory of the early Finnish pioneers who helped to build this community. The Minnesota Finnish-American Historical Society, Chapter 14, Hibbing, Minnesota. 1957 — Map (db m3108) HM
Minnesota (St. Louis County), Hibbing — Hull-Rust-Mahoning Mine
It has been called the “Grand Canyon of the North”—a fitting title for the world’s largest open pit iron mine. The Hull-Rust-Mahoning pit actually began as separate mines, named for their owners, first dug in 1895, that gradually . . . — Map (db m2833) HM
Minnesota (St. Louis County), Proctor — Geology of Duluth Harbor
Lake Superior is situated over the Midcontinent Rift, which is a rupture in the North American continent that formed a great rift valley from the Lake Superior region southwest to Kansas about 1.1 billion years ago. For about 20 million years as the . . . — Map (db m5113) HM
Minnesota (Stearns County), Collegeville — St. John's Abbey and University
St. John's Abbey was founded in 1856 on the west bank of the Mississippi near St. Cloud and permanently located in the Indianbush, now Collegeville, on the shore of Lake Sagatagan in 1866. St. John's was the first Benedictine abbey in the Upper . . . — Map (db m78128) HM
Minnesota (Stearns County), Kimball — SN-MPR-004 — Maine Prairie Corners
Here in 1856 settlers from Maine established a community that grew into a vigorous pioneer village including three churches & stores, two lodge halls, blacksmith shop, cheese factory – all built near the site of a 2½-story tamarack fort . . . — Map (db m70766) HM
Minnesota (Stearns County), Sauk Centre — Sinclair Lewis
When Harry Sinclair Lewis was born here on a bitter cold February 7, 1885, Sauk Centre was a raw prairie town with an unpaved main street and five or six blocks of false fronts. A gawky, sensitive child who achieved little success in school and was . . . — Map (db m43828) HM
Minnesota (Steele County), Owatonna — National Farmer's Bank of Owatonna
Banker Carl Bennett wanted more than a prominent new building to house his family's business. He wanted a work of art. Bennett's search for an architect led him in 1906 to Louis Sullivan, one of the country' most inventive designers. Together they . . . — Map (db m23241) HM
Minnesota (Todd County), Long Prairie — The Winnebago Agency 1846–1855
America's westward expansion came at the expense of the American Indians. Tribes were relocated as the tide of European settlement reached their traditional homelands, and the treaties negotiated with them were seldom long lasting or satisfying to . . . — Map (db m89889) HM
Minnesota (Traverse County), Brown Valley — Browns Valley Man
On October 9, 1933, William H. Jensen, an amateur archaeologist, uncovered the badly broken skeleton of a man in a gravel pit on the plateau visible about ½ mile south of this marker. The plateau was formed as an island in the ancient River . . . — Map (db m93964) HM
Minnesota (Wabasha County), Lake City — WB-LKC-093 — Historic Lake Pepin: Birthplace of Waterskiing
"I decided that if you could ski on snow, you could ski on water." In 1922, after first trying barrel staves, then snow skis, eighteen year old Ralph W. Samuelson succeeded in waterskiing on eight foot long pine boards, steamed in boiling water to . . . — Map (db m45308) HM
Minnesota (Wabasha County), Reads Landing — Lake Pepin
"City dwellers need go no farther than this if they seek romantic solitude,” wrote panorama artist Henry Lewis in 1848. “One cannot imagine a more lovely expanse of water than Lake Pepin in quiet, clear weather, and no wilder scene than . . . — Map (db m45318) HM
Minnesota (Wabasha County), Reads Landing — WB-PEP-012 — Lake Pepin
Lake Pepin occupies the Mississippi Valley above this point for a distance of 22 miles. The lake is formed by the delta of the Chippewa River which enters the Mississippi directly east of this site. The Chippewa, a relatively small river, has a . . . — Map (db m45700) HM
Minnesota (Washington County), Marine on St. Croix — Marine
In 1857 these millstones were installed at Marine in one of the early flour and grist mills of Minnesota Territory. Water from a stream south of this site was conveyed by a race or flume to furnish power for the overshot mill wheel. Later, rollers . . . — Map (db m28509) HM
Minnesota (Washington County), Marine on St. Croix — Marine
The first commercial sawmill in Minnesota was erected 300 feet east of here in 1838. The lumbering industry, which monopolized the minds and talents of men in the St. Croix Valley for three-quarters of a century, was born with the erection of this . . . — Map (db m28535) HM
Minnesota (Washington County), Marine on St. Croix — Marine Mill Site
One of Minnesota's first major industries was born here on August 24, 1839, when the slow, cumbersome up-and-down saw of the Marine Lumber Company cut the first commercial lumber in the state from trees felled in the rich white pine forests of the . . . — Map (db m45392) HM
Minnesota (Washington County), Marine on St. Croix — Powerhouse and Kiln
Sawmills cut logs into rough boards. The boards were then planed and smoothed to emerge as finished lumber. To your left are the remains of the planing-mill powerhouse. The square stone at the bottom of the ruin once supported a 50-horsepower . . . — Map (db m54832) HM
Minnesota (Washington County), Marine on St. Croix — The Marine Township Hall
The Marine Township Hall was constructed in 1872 as a meeting hall and jail. The building was erected on property donated by Orange Walker. Its construction was financed by Morgan May who took the town's bonds for the necessary $2,000. Members of . . . — Map (db m45939) HM
Minnesota (Washington County), Marine on St. Croix — The Pineries are Gone
A Great Pine Forest The St. Croix River valley's sandy loam soil is ideal for growing pine. In the 19th century its forests were filled with white pines. Many of them were two to three hundred years old, four to five feet in . . . — Map (db m55015) HM
Minnesota (Washington County), Stillwater — Washington County Courthouse
Minnesota's first courthouse, a three-room frame structure erected at the corner of 4th and Chestnut Street in Stillwater in 1849, had become inadequate by 1866. On November 6 of that year, Washington County voters approved funds for the . . . — Map (db m43865) HM
Minnesota (Yellow Medicine County), Echo — The Wood Lake Battle
In mid-September, 1862, more than 1,600 soldiers commanded by Colonel Henry Sibley marched northwest from Fort Ridgely into the Minnesota River Valley with an aim to end the U.S.-Dakota War. Word of that movement reached the Dakota soldiers’ lodge . . . — Map (db m69099) HM
Minnesota (Yellow Medicine County), Echo — 15 — Wood Lake Battlefield State Monument
Northern side: To the memory of the men who here lost their lives in an engagement between Minnesota volunteer soldiers and the Sioux Indians Sept. 23, 1862. Wood Lake Battlefield Eastern side: Anthony C. Collins • . . . — Map (db m69179) HM

Minnesota (Blue Earth County), Mankato — Ho-Chunk / Winnebago
Through treaty negotiations, the Ho-Chunk or Winnebago moved their homes to Blue Earth County in 1855, and by 1863 they were gone. Parts of what would become Minnesota, Wisconsin and Illinois had been their homeland for centuries. European explorers . . . — Map (db m14053) HM
Minnesota (Brown County), New Ulm — Ravine Ambush
While crossing this ravine a recruiting party of the Civil War was ambushed by the Sioux Indians on August 18th, 1862, at the noon hour. The following were killed or mortally wounded: John Schneider • Ernest Dietrich . . . — Map (db m73704) HM WM
Minnesota (Brown County), New Ulm — The Pioneers of Brown County Monument1849 • 1949
  To pay homage to the sturdy pioneers who founded the territory of Minnesota a century ago. And to express veneration for the pioneers of Brown County and members of their families who lost their lives during the Sioux War of 1862 — 1863. . . . — Map (db m73642) HM WM
Minnesota (Chisago County), Taylors Falls — Town House SchoolBuilt 1852
Minnesota's Oldest Existing Public School House — Map (db m78666) HM
Minnesota (Dakota County), Hastings — Steamboats, Trains, and Barges
The Mississippi River has long been a major artery for trade and transportation. For thousands of years, Indians traveled on the river by canoe. By the 1850s, rivertowns like Hastings boomed as steamboats brought settlers into the region. The . . . — Map (db m48589) HM
Minnesota (Dakota County), Mendota Heights — Mendota Work Camp No. 1
The "New Deal" During the Great Depression of the early 1930's, more than 25 percent of the nations' workforce was unemployed. One of President Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal programs was the Works Progress Administration . . . — Map (db m40481) HM
Minnesota (Hennepin County), Richfield — Richfield Pioneer HomesteadGeneral Riley Lucas Bartholomew — 30 May 1807 - 21 September 1894
Born the son of 1812 War Veteran, Benjamin Bartholomew, and a grandson of Revolutionary War heroes, Benjamin Bartholomew and Abigail Patchen Bartholomew, Riley was the oldest of 12 siblings living on a frontier farm in Harpersfield, Ashtabula County . . . — Map (db m37380) HM
Minnesota (Kandiyohi County), New London — Isle of Refuge
    During the Dakota Conflict of 1862, there were no casualties among the Norway Lake community settlers, although several from the nearby West Lake community were killed. On August 20, survivors from West Lake and other settlers from the Norway . . . — Map (db m75746) HM
Minnesota (Kandiyohi County), Sunburg — Lundborg Cabin
    On August 20, 1862, Andrew Jackson, a circuit-rider minister, was conducting services for members of the New Sweden Church (Lebanon Lutheran) at the Lundborg family cabin at this site. Young Peter Broberg interrupted to tell his parents that . . . — Map (db m77823) HM
Minnesota (Kandiyohi County), Willmar — Guri Endresen-RosselandVikor Lutheran Church · Solomon Lake
This monument has been placed to honor Guri Endresen-Rosseland and other early settlers of the Solomon Lake community. The settlers were predominately immigrants from Hardanger, Norway. Among the special characteristics of these pioneers were . . . — Map (db m75661) HM
Minnesota (Lake County), Two Harbors — John Dwan Office Building
This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior — Map (db m78822) HM
Minnesota (Meeker County), Forest City — Site of Forest City Stockade
On September 3, 1862 during the Sioux Uprising the citizens of Forest City erected upon this site a stockade for the defense against Indians. Early next morning, soon after some 240 people had taken refuge there, the stockade was attacked. The . . . — Map (db m74620) HM
Minnesota (Nicollet County), Norseland — New Sweden Indian Attack
  Mrs. Maria Jonsson, wife of Erik Jonsson, and their son Pehr, were killed by Sioux Indians on August 23, 1862, near their home in New Sweden Township, about five miles northwest of this marker. Both natives of Sweden, Mrs. Jonsson was . . . — Map (db m73601) HM
Minnesota (Renville County), Delhi — Only Two Survived
Mary Schwandt and her brother August were the only two of their extended family of nine who survived the terrible six week long war now usually named the United States - Dakota Conflict of 1862. During Mary's captivity with the Dakota . . . — Map (db m71301) HM
Minnesota (Renville County), Sacred Heart — A Family's Proud HeritageThe Enestvedt Seed Corn Company
This land was first tilled in 1867 by Ole Enestvedt and a pair of oxen with a single bottom plow. The early years were hard, back-breaking years as homesteading usually was. In 1900, Ole and Anna's youngest son, Engebret started the . . . — Map (db m71275) HM
Minnesota (Scott County), Shakopee — SC-SPC-069 — Pond Mission
These foundations mark the site of a two-story frame building erected by the Reverend Samuel W. Pond in 1847. It served as a Presbyterian mission to the Shakopee Sioux, and as Pond's home until his death in 1891. An eight-foot stockade enclosed the . . . — Map (db m19789) HM
Minnesota (Wright County), Howard Lake — The Dustin Massacre
A state of terror prevailed on the Minnesota western frontier for many months after the Sioux Uprising of 1862. Roving bands of Sioux continued to elude pursuers and attack settlers. The Dustin massacre occurred on June 29, 1863, one third mile . . . — Map (db m69855) HM

Minnesota (Renville County), Morton — Surrounded at the Coulee
This monument was dedicated in 1894 as a testament to U.S. soldiers and civilians who fought and died in the Battle of Birch Coulee. The U.S.–Dakota Conflict of 1862 started when Dakota Indians, frustrated over broken treaty . . . — Map (db m70848) HM
Minnesota (Renville County), Sacred Heart — A New Life with Family and Friends
This is the Lars Rudi home. Lars was the son of a farmer in Uvdal, Numedal, Norway, and was one of seven Rudi children who grew to adulthood. All but one of the Rudi siblings immigrated to America hoping to make a better life for . . . — Map (db m71224) HM

Iowa (Allamakee County), Harper Ferry — The Mystery of the MoundsEffigy Mounds National Monument — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior
In 1766, English and French Canadian traders wintered near this site. They must have puzzled over these strange earthen shapes-or others even nearer their cabin. The traders could not have known that the humble grave markers were vestiges of a . . . — Map (db m61987) HM
Minnesota (St. Louis County), Duluth — Glensheen, A Family Legacy
Campus Heritage Marker University of Minnesota Duluth Glensheen, A Family Legacy Glensheen estate was built between 1905 and 1908 for attorney Chester Adgate Congdon, his wife Clara Bannister Congdon and their . . . — Map (db m6603) HM

Minnesota (Blue Earth County), Mankato — Washington Park / Fourth Street Route Depot Grounds
Washington Park During the summer of 1868, the Minnesota Valley Railway Company contracted more than 500 people to grade and lay ties and tracks from Kasota to Mankato, reaching Mankato October 3, 1868. The mainline was known as the . . . — Map (db m66635) HM
Minnesota (Brown County), New Ulm — New Ulm
In 1851, leaders of the Dakota Nation signed the Treaty of Traverse des Sioux with the United States Government. This treaty opened new lands in Minnesota Territory for settlement. Two years later, German immigrants in Chicago, led by Frederick . . . — Map (db m65452) HM
Minnesota (Brown County), Sleepy Eye — Dakota Reservation and the Leavenworth Road
In the summer of 1851 the Dakota Indians, a group of Native Americans who lived in Southern Minnesota, sold their land, 35 million acres, to the United States for $3,000,000. The Dakota agreed to move to a reservation which included land ten miles . . . — Map (db m67983) HM
Minnesota (Carlton County), Kettle River — The 1918 Fire
On October 12, 1918, a massive forest fire raced through northeastern Minnesota from Sturgeon Lake to the shores of Lake Superior north of Duluth. When it was over, this region had suffered through one of Minnesota’s worst disasters. Weather . . . — Map (db m3031) HM
Minnesota (Dakota County), Mendota — Henry Sibley and Old Mendota
The Sibley House was built in 1836 for Henry Hastings Sibley, regional manager for the American Fur Company. The first floor was designed for business operations, and the second floor was his bachelor's residence. Two additions were made to the . . . — Map (db m41358) HM

Minnesota (Dakota County), Hastings — Native Cultures
For more than 10,000 years, people have lived near the Mississippi River. The first cultures relied on hunting, fishing, and gathering for survival. As early as 1,000 years ago, however, Indian peoples were farming portions of the river valley near . . . — Map (db m49801) HM
Minnesota (Kandiyohi County), Sunburg — U.S. Military Post
A Response To Conflict In 1865, a military post was established here in response to the U.S.-Dakota Conflict of 1862. During the conflict, twenty-five settlers and an unknown number of Dakota were killed in what is now Kandiyohi . . . — Map (db m76774) HM
Minnesota (Washington County), Afton — Bolles Flour Mill
About 1843, six years before Minnesota became a territory, Lemuel Bolles erected on this creek the first commercial flour mill in the Minnesota country. Bolles salvaged wood from the shore of Lake St. Croix and carried it on his back to the mill . . . — Map (db m21729) HM
Missouri (Greene County), Springfield — Bobby Bell
Born in Shelby, NC in 1940 to Pink and Zannie Bell Attended Cleveland High School and the University of Minnesota Father to Tracie, Bobby, Jr., and Joshua Two-time All-American Linebacker/Defensive End at the University of Minnesota . . . — Map (db m72110) HM
North Dakota (Bowman County), Rhame — Fort Dilts Historic Site
On this site in September 1864 an immigrant train, under the command of Capt. James L. Fisk, bound for the gold fields of Montana, was besieged by hostile Sioux Indians, despite the fact that an armed escort of 50 U. S. Cavalrymen had been provided . . . — Map (db m33923) HM

Minnesota (Renville County), Morton — Solid Friendships
Made of solid granite, the “Friendly Indian Monument” was dedicated in 1899 in honor of six Dakota Indians who befriended and protected government employees, immigrant settlers, missionaries, or aided soldiers during the . . . — Map (db m70864) HM

Arkansas (Prairie County), DeValls Bluff — Common Ground for Many SoldiersMany Troops Pass Through DeValls Bluff
With the possible exception of Helena, it is unlikely that any place in Arkansas had as many Union troops pass through it as did DeValls Bluff. Some saw the town when it was first occupied in September 1863, others stood garrison duty there, while . . . — Map (db m96671) HM
Minnesota (McLeod County), Brownton — White Family Massacre
     About 1200 feet north-east of this point stood the pioneer log cabin of Samuel White.      There on September 22, 1862, Samuel and his wife Laura, and two children, Susan and Otis were brutally murdered by a small party of Sioux Indians . . . — Map (db m69995) HM WM
Minnesota (Ramsey County), Saint Paul — Leif EriksonDiscoverer of America — 1000 A.D.
Erected through popular subscription Sponsored by the Minnesota Leif Erikson Monument Association, Inc. Presented to the State of Minnesota during its territorial centennial October 9, 1949 Designed & executed by John Karl . . . — Map (db m79383) HM
Minnesota (Renville County), Morton — Caught Unaware!Settlers in the Area of Birch Coolie Creek
  In 1862, settlers in the area of Birch Coolie Creek were living peaceful lives, having come to this area to take up new homesteads. They were in large part recent immigrants to this country. When they settled here they were mostly unaware of . . . — Map (db m69354) HM WM
Minnesota (St. Louis County), Duluth — Leif Erikson
Leif Erikson Discoverer of America 1000 A. D. sponsored and erected by the Norwegian American League of Duluth, Minnesota and Popular Subscription presented to the City of Duluth, Minnesota August 25, 1956. Designed . . . — Map (db m6323) HM
Minnesota (St. Louis County), Eveleth — Paul Wellstone Memorial and Historic Site
“Politics is not just about power and money games, politics is about the improvement of peoples lives, about lessening human suffering in our world and bringing about more peace and justice.” Near this site on October 25, . . . — Map (db m2891) HM
Minnesota (Wabasha County), Lake City — Louis McCahill Memorial Park
Dedicated in grateful memory of her son and all others who made the supreme sacrifice and all who served in defense of their country in World War I 1917 • 1918 World War II 1941 • 1945 Korean War 1950 • 1954 by Mary . . . — Map (db m52092) HM
Minnesota (Wabasha County), Wabasha — The Bridge
Wabasha-Nelson Bridge Company The Wabasha-Nelson Bridge Company was incorporated in 1929 to build and operate a toll bridge over the Mississippi River. The Minneapolis Bridge Company & C.A.P. Turner were contracted to design and . . . — Map (db m71974) HM
Minnesota (Wabasha County), Wabasha — Wapahasha I / Wapahasha II / Wapahasha III
Wapahasha I As George Washington was to the United States of America, so was his contemporary, Wapahasha, to the Dakota of eastern Minnesota. Wapahasha (Red Standard or Red Cap) was born about 1718 and became the foremost hero in the national . . . — Map (db m66959) HM

California (Santa Clara County), San Jose — 2 — Willow Glen Public Buildings
Post Officies The Kensington Post Office operated as the post office and general store located at the corner of Minnesota and Cherry Avenues beginning operations in 1894. After January 1895, this Post Office was called Willowglen (all one . . . — Map (db m100099) HM
Minnesota (Big Stone County), Ortonville — Paul Bunyan's Boat-Anchor
Legend has it that Paul Bunyan was mighty in the sport of fishing as in all else. He picked Minnesota for most of his fishing and is credited with creating more than a few of its ten thousand lakes. Big Stone Lake, visible here to the . . . — Map (db m101378) HM
Minnesota (Blue Earth County), Mankato — Sibley Park
On October 3, 1887 the City of Mankato purchased 120 acres for $13,088 at the confluence of the Blue Earth and Minnesota Rivers to create Mankato’s first park. Sibley Park was named for Henry Hastings Sibley (later Minnesota’s first Governor) who . . . — Map (db m66483) HM
Minnesota (Brown County), New Ulm — Brown County150 Years — 1856 • 2006
Brown County, an historic gateway on the Minnesota River, opened the fertile prairie lands of the Great Plains to the northern hardwoods of a continental divide. The U.S. Territorial Legislature organized the county in 1856 from lands ceded by the . . . — Map (db m66749) HM
Minnesota (Brown County), New Ulm — Buenger Store1892, 1902 — Historic Downtown New Ulm
This three-story building is a fine example of Queen Anne commercial architecture. The original southern section was erected in 1892 for the Buenger Furniture Store, while the corner building was constructed in 1902. Louis Buenger Sr. . . . — Map (db m68117) HM
Minnesota (Brown County), New Ulm — City Meat Market1927 — Historic Downtown New Ulm
Rosa Schnobrich opened the City Meat Market in 1907 with the advertising slogan, "Better Meats, Cleaner Meats, and Quicker Service." Her sausages, in particular, proved popular, and soon her shop began supplying a network of wholesale dealers . . . — Map (db m68267) HM
Minnesota (Brown County), New Ulm — Father Valentine SommereisenPioneer Missionary Priest
Valentine Sommereisen was the first resident Catholic priest in three large areas of the American West: southwestern Minnesota, the Dakota Territory, and western Kansas. Born 28 May 1829 in Rouffach, Alsace, a German–speaking part of eastern . . . — Map (db m74222) HM
Minnesota (Brown County), New Ulm — Flandrau's Charge
The second battle of New Ulm took place on August 23, 1862. About 650 Dakota Indians surrounded the town, while over 2,000 people were crowded behind a barricade. The attack began around nine in the morning and the Dakota Indians quickly encircled . . . — Map (db m66402) HM
Minnesota (Brown County), New Ulm — John Lind Home
This home was built by John Lind in 1887 and was a significant cultural, social and political center built on a prominence above early New Ulm. Swedish born Lind came to America and Minnesota in 1867 at age thirteen. While very young he was a rural . . . — Map (db m65399) HM
Minnesota (Brown County), New Ulm — Pioneer Founders of New Ulm
Frederick Beinhorn and Wilhelm Pfaender, pioneer founders of the prairie colony of New Ulm, were cut of the same cloth. Both came to America from Germany after the 1848 Revolution in Central Europe failed to unite German peoples under a new frame of . . . — Map (db m65694) HM
Minnesota (Faribault County), Blue Earth — A Golden Dedication for I-90
The nation celebrated completion of Interstate 90 after contractors paved the last four-miles of freeway near Blue Earth in 1978. Reminiscent of the "Golden Spike" that symbolized completion of the nation's first transcontinental railroad in 1869, . . . — Map (db m88504) HM
Minnesota (Goodhue County), Red Wing — William Colvill
William Colvill was born in New York state on April 5, 1830. As a young lawyer he moved to Red Wing in 1854, becoming the town's first city attorney. On April 19, 1861 — one week after the Confederates fired on Fort Sumter — a . . . — Map (db m48890) HM
Minnesota (Kandiyohi County), Willmar — Whitefield Town Site
In the fall of 1856, a party of land speculators, organized by Edwin Whitefield, projected a town site on the west shore of Lake Wakanda. As a real estate agent and artist, Whitefield did much to impress the merits of the Minnesota frontier upon . . . — Map (db m79336) HM
Minnesota (St. Louis County), Duluth — Duluth–Superior Harbor
Duluth-Superior harbor is the westernmost terminus of the St. Lawrence Seaway and the world's most inland seaport. Harbor commerce began when Daniel Greysolon Sieur Du Luht portaged across Minnesota Point in 1679 where the Duluth Aerial Lift Bridge . . . — Map (db m4827) HM
Minnesota (St. Louis County), Proctor — The Gate
1976 Stainless Steel David von Schlegell (1920 – 1992) The stainless steel sculpture functions as a metaphor, tying the horizontal lines of the land and Lake Superior, which are both very visible from this location, together . . . — Map (db m4756) HM
Minnesota (Stearns County), Collegeville — Saint John's Abbey and University
Saint John's Abbey was founded in 1856 on the west bank of the Mississippi river in St. Cloud and was permanently located in the Indianbush, now Collegeville, on the shore of Lake Sagatagan in 1866 as the first Benedictine monastery in the Upper . . . — Map (db m78190) HM
Virginia (Mathews County), North — Civil War In Mathews CountyUnion African American Sailors
The U.S. Navy’s longstanding tradition of recruiting black sailors enabled several runaways from Mathews County to enlist aboard Potomac Flotilla and North Atlantic Blockading Squadron warships. On January 30, 1862, the logbook of USS Young . . . — Map (db m74691) HM

Minnesota (Carver County), Mayer — Dakota Rail History in Mayer
James J. Hill The Dakota Rail Regional Trail follows the route of a former railroad line that was once part of the Great Northern Railway. Built by James J. Hill in the late 1800s, this historic line played a part in connecting Minnesota to . . . — Map (db m98390) HM
Minnesota (Morrison County), Little Falls — James Green Park
This riverfront park is named after James Green, a Pennsylvanian, who, with his wife, Isabella, and three children, came here in 1848 from the Selkirk colonies (Winnipeg). Their arrival marked the beginning of permanent settlement at Little . . . — Map (db m78713) HM

Minnesota (Hennepin County), St. Paul — Three Islands in the Mississippi
The Mississippi River’s many islands are well known to navigators, and the roles of several as accessible and safe havens for villages, camps, and forts have made them significant in Minnesota’s past. Lt. Zebulon Pike chose this island, later . . . — Map (db m83127) HM
Minnesota (Ramsey County), Saint Paul — Fountain Cave
Fountain Cave, a landmark known as early as 1811, was named for the sparkling creek that flowed from its mouth and continued some 375 feet through a ravine to join the Mississippi River about 140 feet downstream from this marker. The cave attracted . . . — Map (db m42305) HM

California (Santa Clara County), San Jose — 1 — Willow Glen Schools
The first Willow Glen School was built at Malone Road and Lincoln Avenue on land donated during the Civil War by a local farmer, Royal Cottle (near Roycott Avenue). In 1897, with Willow Glen growing in population, a new school, superseding its . . . — Map (db m100101) HM
Connecticut (Hartford County), New Britain — Joseph J. "Joe" Buzas
Joseph J. "Joe" Buzas In Grateful Appreciation For Bringing Minor League Baseball To New Britain In 1983 — Map (db m41516) HM
Kansas (Marshall County), Blue Rapids — Oldest Rocks in KansasThe Monument to the Ice Age — Blue Rapids, Kansas
The oldest rocks in Kansas can be found right here in Blue Rapids. They are called Sioux Quartzite, a metamorphosed red sandstone originally deposited as sand in riverbeds, buried, and made extremely hard by heat and pressure. This quartzite was . . . — Map (db m78958) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Sharpsburg — 37 — Second Army CorpsGorman's Brigade, Sedgwick's Division
U.S.A. Second Army Corps, Gorman's Brigade, Sedgwick's Division, Brig. Gen. Willis A. Gorman, Commanding. Organization. 15th Massachusetts Infantry, 1st Minnesota Infantry, 34th New York Infantry, 82d New York Infantry, Massachusetts . . . — Map (db m7173) HM
Minnesota (Brown County), Hanska — Asle Sorbel's Ride
In 1854 Ole and Guri Sorbel immigrated to Rock County Wisconsin from Hallingdal, Norway. In 1856 they settled to your right on the northwest bank of Lake Linden. On September 21, 1876, Bob, Cole and Jim Younger and Charlie Pitts received breakfast . . . — Map (db m68073) HM
Minnesota (Brown County), New Ulm — Barricading New UlmHistoric Downtown New Ulm
Following the outbreak of hostilities between the Dakota and white settlers on August 18, 1862, hundreds of people fled from nearby farms to New Ulm for safety. Quickly, Brown County Sherriff Charles Roos and Jacob Nix, a citizen with German . . . — Map (db m73140) HM
Minnesota (Crow Wing County), Brainerd — Former Northern Pacific Railway Water Tower
Official Minnesota Historic Site Built 1919-1922 Renovated 1974 Dedication July 4, 1974 — Map (db m78410) HM
Minnesota (Dakota County), Hastings — Enjoying the River
The Mississippi River has been a source of recreation for many generations. People have long enjoyed its beauty and marveled at its power. This is more true than ever today. Boating, hiking, and bird watching all draw people to the river. In . . . — Map (db m48510) HM
Minnesota (Hennepin County), Minneapolis — Loring Park: Basilica and Churches

Construction on the Basilica of Saint Mary, 88 North 17th Avenue, began in 1907. It is the country's first Basilica and acts as an anchoring landmark on the north side of Loring Park.

The church was planned by French architect Emmanuel . . . — Map (db m91409) HM

Minnesota (Hennepin County), Minneapolis — Richard Chute Square
The University of Minnesota's first building, a preparatory school, was located on this site from 1851 until the University moved to its present location in 1855. When the city of Minneapolis acquired the land for a park in 1903, it was . . . — Map (db m37825) HM
Minnesota (Hennepin County), Minneapolis — The Washburn and Pillsbury Clans — Saint Anthony Falls Heritage Trail
Minneapolis flour milling magnate, Cadwallader C. Washburn, was a member of a Maine family that sent four brothers to Congress, all from different states. Cadwallader served Wisconsin as congressman (1854-61, 1867-71) and governor (1872-73). His . . . — Map (db m44409) HM
Minnesota (Hennepin County), Richfield — Giacomo Constantino Beltrami1779 – 1855
From this point, Beltrami, Italian jurist, scholar and explorer, on July 7, 1823, started his journey into the wilderness of northern Minnesota resulting in his discovery of the source of the Mississippi River August 19, 1823. Through persistence, . . . — Map (db m17239) HM
Minnesota (Kandiyohi County), New London — The West Lake Massacre
Rev. Andrew Jackson had two services arranged in his Norway Lake Swedish Lutheran Parish for Wednesday, the 20th of August, 1862. In the forenoon a meeting was held at the Lundborg cabin at West Lake, now known as Monson Lake in Swift County. Here a . . . — Map (db m79405) HM
Minnesota (McLeod County), Brownton — Brownton Veterans Memorial
We are filled with pride for all veterans. Army • Navy Marines • Air Force Coast Guard Dedicated by Brownton Legion Post 143 • Legion Auxiliary 143 — Map (db m69268) WM
Minnesota (McLeod County), Glencoe — Glencoe Veterans Memorial
. . . — Map (db m70243) WM
Minnesota (McLeod County), Hutchinson — Chief Little Crow1818-1863
He fought for the Indian's right to live in peace in this land. Gift · Mr. & Mrs. Les Kouba · 1982 Erected 1937 The red of the sunset upon these waters reminds us that all blood is red--even that of the red-skin who fought us for . . . — Map (db m71120) WM
Minnesota (Meeker County), Grove City — Andreas Olson
Killed By Indians In Sioux Uprising 500 Feet Northwest August 22, 1862 — Map (db m70023) HM WM
Minnesota (Nicollet County), St. Peter — St. Peter Boat Landing
About 150 feet North of this Park was the old boat landing. Boat transportation from the earliest years of this area until the 1870's was the main source of commercial transportation. The first steamboat to come up the Minnesota River was . . . — Map (db m65784) HM
Minnesota (Ramsey County), Saint Paul — Site of First School Patrol Crossing in the WorldFebruary 17th, 1921
Originated by Sister Carmela Hanggi Principal, Cathedral School Dedicated June 6th, 1973 to all School Patrol members in Minnesota since 1921 — Map (db m79453) HM
Minnesota (St. Louis County), Duluth — Jay Cooke
Perhaps no individual in the history of Duluth had such a dramatic influence on the port's infant development than Jay Cooke, a Philadelphia financier. Cooke's reign at the Head-of-the-Lakes was brief, but all-encompassing for commercial . . . — Map (db m6379) HM
Minnesota (St. Louis County), Duluth — United States Merchant Marine / U.S. Navy Armed Guard
The United States Merchant Marine In recognition of those who serve their country in war and peace time to those 250,000 who served in world war II to those 670 who were taken prisoner to those 6,700 plus who gave their lives . . . — Map (db m5433) HM
Minnesota (St. Louis County), Hibbing — Hill of Three Waters or the Triple Divide
A triple point, or triple divide, is the place where two continental divides intersect and water drains into three different watersheds. Five widely-recognized triple divides exist in the United States, including: Triple Divide Peak, Montana, The . . . — Map (db m27715) HM
Minnesota (Washington County), Stillwater — WA-SWT-004 — St. Croix Boom Site
Center of log and lumbering activities in this region for over half a century prior to 1914. Here millions of logs from the upper St. Croix and tributaries were halted, sorted, and rafted, later to be sawed into lumber and timber products. More . . . — Map (db m44673) HM
Minnesota (Winona County), Pickwick — Historic Lake Labelle
On September 20, 1980, 11 inches of rain fell in 24 hours in the Pickwick area causing a flash flood that severely damaged the mill and Lake Labell's flood gates. In 1982, Pickwick Mill Inc. was founded to restore the mill and Lake Labelle. This . . . — Map (db m55613) HM
New York (Seneca County), Romulus — William Watts Folwell
Birthplace of William Watts Folwell 1833-1929 A pioneer of culture First president of University of Minnesota — Map (db m66077) HM
South Dakota (Minnehaha County), Valley Springs — Tri-State Marker
1859 Set at the junction of the states of Minnesota, Iowa and Dakota Territory by the Federal Land Office survey of Minnesota 's western boundary. Early 1900's Removed after partial destruction by vandals. 1938 Repaired . . . — Map (db m102486) HM
Wisconsin (Douglas County), Superior — 15 — Old Stockade Site
The Sioux uprising in Minnesota during the Summer of 1862, culminating in the New Ulm Massacre, caused great alarm in Superior. A Committee of Safety was chosen, a Home Guard organized, and a stockade built on the bay shore here. An inventory of all . . . — Map (db m33950) HM
Wisconsin (Marathon County), Rothschild — 385 — Wisconsin's First Home-Built Flying Machine
On June 23, 1911, near this location, Wausau native John Schwister became a pio­neer of Wisconsin aviation. Research indicates that on this date Schwister flew the state's first home-built airplane capable of sustained, powered flight. Constructed . . . — Map (db m6056) HM
Wisconsin (Trempealeau County), Trempealeau — The Geology of Perrot State Park
Millions of Years Ago [drawing] Millions of years ago, Trempealeau Mountain, the bluffs of Perrot State Park, and the Minnesota upland across the river were all one continuous rock mass. Over time, Cedar Creek, Big Trout Creek, and . . . — Map (db m46673) HM
Wisconsin (Waupaca County), Iola — 6 — Iola’s Dr. LoopeMember of First University of Wisconsin Football Team
Side 1 The office and home of Dr. T.E. Loope, a member of the first organized University of Wisconsin football team back in 1889, stood on this site. Truman Elbert Loope was born on May 3, 1870, in Eureka, Wis., and graduated from the . . . — Map (db m78334) HM

Minnesota (Kandiyohi County), New London — Federal Fish Hatchery
1938    A thorough study of a hundred acre location was carried out by the U.S. Commission of Surveys. Dam and mill site were purchased for $14,000. Land for fish ponds extended a mile downstream. Citizens contributed $1,300, and some easements . . . — Map (db m79642) HM

Minnesota (Kandiyohi County), New London — This Historical Inclosure
This historical inclosure and all of its adornments constitute a memorial to Victor E. Lawson (1871–1960) the pioneer historian of Kandiyohi County. It has been provided by the Tribune Printing Company, Inc. publishers of the West Central . . . — Map (db m79397) HM

Georgia (Catoosa County), Fort Oglethorpe — MT-561 — Carlin's BrigadeDavis' Division — McCook's Corps
Carlin's Brigade. Davis' Division - McCook's Corps. Brigadier General William P. Carlin. September 19, 1863. 2 p.m. - 1st Position 21st Illinois - Colonel John W.S. Alexander. 38th Illinois - Lieutenant Colonel Daniel H. Gilmer. . . . — Map (db m102139) HM
Iowa (Mitchell County), Carpenter — Fort Severson
Built in 1867 by Nils Severson on his land with help of neighbor's using limestone and mortar of lime & sand from Deer Creek. Severson's design was a typical fort with small openings for rifles and larger openings for gatling guns. The Spirit Lake . . . — Map (db m9547) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — The Union Advance"The enemy gave way ... like chaff before the wind."
The commander of the 10th Indiana Volunteer Infantry wrote, "The way by which the enemy had retreated gave evidence that they had been in haste to reach their den. Wagons, cannon, muskets, swords, blankets, etc. were strewn all along the road . . . — Map (db m63186) HM
Minnesota (Anoka County), Ramsey — AN-RMC-008 — Itasca Village Townsite
Itasca grew up around an Indian trading post which was established 800 feet east of here in 1849 by Thomas A. Holmes and James Beatty. At the suggestion of Territorial Governor Alexander Ramsey, the settlement was named in honor of Lake Itasca, the . . . — Map (db m69908) HM
Minnesota (Anoka County), St. Francis — History of the Rum River
The Rum River, a 148 mile river of gradual grade, is rich in history. The French explored it. The Chippewa and Sioux fought along it, and the pine logs that helped build the cities of the Midwest were floated down it during the lumber boom of the . . . — Map (db m94721) HM
Minnesota (Brown County), New Ulm — Crone Store1869, 1876 — Historic Downtown New Ulm
For years, the Crone store was the largest mercantile establishment in New Ulm. In 1857, Theodore Crone Sr. opened his general store at the corner of Broadway and Center Streets. Twelve years later, he erected this building, adding a . . . — Map (db m66864) HM
Minnesota (Brown County), New Ulm — Hermann Monument(Hermann Denkmal)
Hermann (Arminius) of the Cherusci tribe led several German tribes in battle against their Roman conquerors in 9 A.D., and defeated them in the hills of Teutoburg Forest near present Detmold. To later unified Germany, Hermann . . . — Map (db m65467) HM
Minnesota (Brown County), New Ulm — New Ulm's Glockenspiel
Schonlau Park, named in honor of Theodore H. and Clara K. Schonlau, is the setting for the City of New Ulm’s unique Glockenspiel. Local contributors were joined by donors from three foreign countries, 31 States, and 51 other Minnesota cities, in . . . — Map (db m65492) HM
Minnesota (Brown County), New Ulm — Two Battles of New Ulm
The first news of the Sioux Uprising was brought to New Ulm at noon on August 18, 1862, by survivors of a Civil War recruiting party that had been ambushed in Milford Township. Barricades were hastily erected in a three-block area on Minnesota . . . — Map (db m65402) HM
Minnesota (Brown County), Springfield — Jonathan Brown and the Shetek Trail
In the 1850s there was a land boom in southern Minnesota. Jonathan Brown, 37 years old, filed on land along the Cottonwood River in what is now Burnstown Township. (S 1/2 of SW 1/4, Sec. 15; N 1/2 of NW 1/4 of Sec. 22) Jonathan picked a good . . . — Map (db m67820) HM
Minnesota (Dakota County), Hastings — Hastings Grows
From 1856 to 1865, in its first decade of existence, the city of Hastings grew by 2,500 people, enjoying a boom of settlement also experienced by other cities along the Mississippi. A steady flow of settlers, including many immigrants, . . . — Map (db m48361) HM
Minnesota (Dakota County), Hastings — River Habitats
The Mississippi River and its backwaters are home to a vast and diverse array of fish and wildlife. The river's natural fluctuations help create an environment rich in vegetation — providing food and habitat for nesting birds, fish, and . . . — Map (db m50358) HM
Minnesota (Hennepin County), Minneapolis — Loring Park: Historic Districts and Buildings

Loring Park has 14 historically designated buildings as well as the Harmon Place Historic Auto District. Some of the designated buildings include the Minneapolis Woman's Club, the Basilica of St. Mary, the Loring Theater, the Wesley . . . — Map (db m91408) HM

Minnesota (Kandiyohi County), Blomkist — 1873 Blizzard
The morning of January 7, 1873, was mild and pleasant enough to encourage many farmers to make trips to town or to work in their woodlots. Shortly after 2 p.m. a howling blizzard of snow, driven by a 70-mph northwest wind broke the calm. The storm, . . . — Map (db m79353) HM
Minnesota (Kandiyohi County), Spicer — Johannes Iverson
On September 28, 1858, Johannes and Carin Iverson and family settled on section 32 of Lake Andrew Township near Crook Lake. Using supplies from the Eagle Lake Sawmill, Johannes Iverson built a log house here. Almost four years later, on August . . . — Map (db m79375) HM
Minnesota (Murray County), Fulda — Fulda Depot
Fulda's depot, the only surviving Eastlake - style two-story depot in southwestern Minnesota, was built in 1880 just to the southeast of the present location, on a platform between two sets of tracks. Boarding the train and loading freight was . . . — Map (db m101287) HM
Minnesota (Ramsey County), Little Canada — Gervais Grist Mill
Just across the road and creek from this marker was the site of the first commercial grist mill built in the region now named Minnesota. Constructed in 1844 – five years before the birth of Minnesota Territory – the water-powered, flour . . . — Map (db m45528) HM
Minnesota (Saint Louis County), Duluth — Oneota
Originally the area below was called Oneota, one of several early towns which survived to form modern Duluth. Oneota was the site of the first sawmill in the region, built in 1855 at the present site of the iron ore docks. Among the early . . . — Map (db m78736) HM
Minnesota (Scott County), Belle Plaine — The Episcopal Church of the Transfiguration
In 1867 a New York architect sent the plans for a new church in Belle Plaine to Bishop Whipple. The church was built in 1868 on land contributed by Territorial Judge Andrew G. Chatfield, founder of Belle Plaine. The congregation organized in 1858 . . . — Map (db m65868) HM
Minnesota (St. Louis County), Duluth — Canal
Very early Duluth felt that future growth would depend on having suitable harbor and dockage. Winter storms wrecked breakwater and docks built outside Minnesota Point. St. Louis Bay offered a protected harbor, but access required a canal be dug . . . — Map (db m2913) HM
Minnesota (Winona County), Winona — Winona: River Village, Lumber Town, College Town
Winona has been home to many peoples ever since the first Native Americans hunted mammoths and mastodons 12,000 years ago. The Dakota and Ho-Chunk lived here until the 1850s. The Dakota called it "Keoxa," or homeland. Their word . . . — Map (db m80090) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Tupelo — Tupelo Campaign: Harrisburg July 14
The sun rose on July 14 with Union General Andrew J. Smith having stolen the advantage from Confederate Generals Forrest and Lee. The Union line occupied high ground, facing west and north The Confederate forces, with 7,500 men compared to Smith's . . . — Map (db m102773) HM
South Carolina (Horry County), Myrtle Beach — General Bruce Carlson
General Bruce Carlson is a native of Hibbing, Minnesota, and is a graduate of the University of Minnesota. While at the University, he completed the Air Force ROTC (Reserve Officer's Training Corps) program as a distinguished graduate. After . . . — Map (db m102192) WM
South Dakota (Marshall County), Lake City — Marshall County South DakotaYou Are Entering
The last county organized east of the Missouri, on May 2, 1885; it had been in Sheyenne County 1862; a gigantic Hanson 1870; coincident with Stone 1873; the north half of Day 1879 and was created by the 1885 Legislature and named for Governor . . . — Map (db m91617) HM
South Dakota (Sanborn County), Forestburg — Forestburg Roadside ParkAlong the Old Dacotah Trail
Long before the white man, an Indian Trail from the sanctuary at Pipestone Quarry to the "Three Rivers of the Sioux" near Ft. Thompson passed closely by. The whiteman's first road in Dakota, the Ft. Ridgely & South Pass Wagon Road, forded the James . . . — Map (db m92696) HM
Tennessee (Hamilton County), Chattanooga — MT-101 — Alexander's BrigadeJohn E. Smith's Division. — 17th Corps.
Alexander's Brigade. John E. Smith's Division. - 17th Corps. Col. Jesse I. Alexander. Nov. 25th 1863. 63rd Illinois, - Col. Joseph B. McCown. 48th Indiana, - Lieut. Col. Edward J. Wood. 59th Indiana, . . . — Map (db m58209) HM
Tennessee (Hamilton County), Chattanooga — Van Derveer's Brigade.Baird's Division - Palmer's Corps. — Col. Ferdinand Van Derveer
Van Derveer's Brigade. Baird's Division - Palmer's Corps. Colonel Ferdinand Van Derveer. Nov. 25, 1863. 75th Indiana - Col. Milton S. Robinson. 87th Indiana - Col. Newell Gleason. 101st Indiana - Lieut. Col. . . . — Map (db m46017) HM

Missouri (Saint Louis County), Lemay Township — Jefferson Barracks National CemeteryMissouri's Civil War 1861 - 1865

The Jefferson Barracks National Cemetery was established by joint resolution of Congress in 1866, among the first burial grounds officially designated in the wake of the Civil War. Under the care of the Veterans Administration, the facility is . . . — Map (db m96357) HM


Arizona (Maricopa County), Queen Creek — 1912 Parker Carousel
This carousel was purchased from Wally Scott, Elk River, Minnesota. He had it set up in the loft of his old barn. It was disassembled and moved to Schnepf Farms in 1999. It took three months to refurbish. This carousel is listed on the National . . . — Map (db m94477) HM
Florida (Pasco County), St. Joseph — St. Joseph Community
[Side A:] The St. Joseph community was founded by German Catholic immigrants who migrated to Florida from Minnesota. In March 1883, Andrew Barthle visited the area and in June 1883 his older brother, Bernard A. Barthle, established the . . . — Map (db m37719) HM
Indiana (Knox County), Vincennes — Indiana Territory
On July 4, 1800, the western part of the Northwest Territory became the Indiana Territory. It covered land that would eventually be included in the present states of Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, and Minnesota. Vincennes, on the . . . — Map (db m23266) HM
Indiana (Knox County), Vincennes — Site of Fort Sackville
Captured by Col. Geo. Rogers Clark from the British, Feb. 25, 1779. Resulting in the U.S. acquiring the Great Northwest Territory embracing the states of Indiana, Ohio, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, and Minnesota. — Map (db m61812) HM WM
Kansas (Crawford County), Crawford State Park — The Fire Devils
The 788th Co. was nicknamed the Fire Devils because of its reputation for putting out prairie fires while stationed at Camp Ruteledge in Minnesota. The nickname remained with the company throughout service. The men were proud of their reputation and . . . — Map (db m50210) HM
Louisiana (East Baton Rouge Parish), Baton Rouge — Roy "Moonie" WinstonGuard
A 1961 All-American at guard, he excelled on defense with speed and agility. A born leader who was elected by his teammates as the Tigers' captain in 1961, he earned All-SEC honors that year after playing for LSU's SEC champion baseball team in . . . — Map (db m100629) HM
Maryland (Montgomery County), Poolesville — PoolesvilleWarm Reception — Antietam Campaign 1862
Located at the intersection of the two main roads, mid-19th century Poolesville was Montgomery County’s second-largest town. Its residents had decidedly secessionist tendencies and many sons fighting for the South. In the fall of 1862, as the . . . — Map (db m1729) HM
Minnesota (Anoka County), Anoka — Circle of Life
The Dakota and Ojibwa people believed that the confluence of two great rivers was a sacred place. The Point was used as an encampment and gathering place for several tribes. It was also a meeting place to form hunting parties going north . . . — Map (db m70897) HM
Minnesota (Anoka County), Anoka — Highway of Exploration
The Rum and the Mississippi were highways for the earliest recorded European explorers of Minnesota. Many explorers traveled past The Point and some may have camped here including Radission, Hennepin, Du Luth, Pike, Faribault and Nicollet. . . . — Map (db m70569) HM
Minnesota (Anoka County), Anoka — The Stone House / Robert W. Akin
The Stone House Three stone houses were built during the 1920's by Thaddeus P. Giddings (1969-1954). Giddings was the Supervisor of Music for the Minneapolis Schools and founder of the National Music Camp in Interlachen, Michigan. The . . . — Map (db m70825) HM
Minnesota (Blue Earth County), Mankato — Civil War Monument
In Honor of Union Veterans of the Civil War Erected by the City of Mankato for Alexander Wilkin Post No. 19 Department of Minnesota Grand Army of the Republic — Map (db m67086) WM
Minnesota (Blue Earth County), Mankato — Sinclair Lewis House
This brick home sheltered the renowned novelist Sinclair Lewis in 1919. A native of Minnesota, Lewis worked on the famed book, "Main Street," while residing here. Lewis was the first American to receive the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1930. — Map (db m66511) HM
Minnesota (Brown County), Essig — Junior Pioneers TabletMilford Monument
This tablet was erected by the Junior Pioneers in memory of the following men, women and children of the town of Milford who were massacred by the Indians during the Indian outbreak in 1862. John Martin Fink. • Monika Fink, his wife. • Max . . . — Map (db m67952) WM
Minnesota (Brown County), New Ulm — German–Bohemian Immigrants Monument
This monument was erected in 1991 by the German-Bohemian Heritage Society to commemorate the immigrants to this region from the German speaking western rim of present-day Czechoslovakia. They emigrated from the counties of Bischofteinitz, Mies and . . . — Map (db m67030) HM
Minnesota (Carver County), Chaska — Brinkhaus Livery Stable
This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior Brinkhaus Livery Stable 1890 — Map (db m59555) HM
Minnesota (Dakota County), Hastings — Veterans Memorial Levee
This levee honors all who served in our nation's armed forces and is dedicated to the eternal memory of those who gave their lives. Hastings, Minnesota 25 July 1981 — Map (db m47790) HM
Minnesota (Dakota County), Mendota — The First Stone House
1835 • 1916 [symbol of the D.A.R.] The first stone house erected in the State of Minnesota by its first Governor, Gen. Henry Hastings Sibley. Secured in 1910 for the St. Paul Chapter, Daughters of the American . . . — Map (db m37594) HM
Minnesota (Dakota County), Mendota Heights — Pilot Knob
1851 • 1922 [symbol of the D.A.R.] To Commemorate The Treaty at Mendota Negotiated on Pilot Knob Whereby the Sioux Indians ceded their lands in the Territory of Minnesota and State of Iowa to the . . . — Map (db m37430) HM
Minnesota (Goodhue County), Zumbrota — First Congregational Church
[cross] This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior In memory of Laura Schlasner — Map (db m49215) HM
Minnesota (Hennepin County), Minneapolis — Peavey Fountain
Given to the people of Minneapolis in 1891 by F.H. Peavey as a drinking fountain for horses. This monument was rededicated as a memorial to the horses of the 151st Field Artillery Minnesota National Guard killed in action in the First World War. — Map (db m76192) HM WM
Minnesota (Hennepin County), Richfield — Whiskey
A Great Horse A Stout Heart 1911 – 1943 — Map (db m17237) HM
Minnesota (Hennepin County), Saint Paul — Wokiksuye K'a WoyuonihanRemembering and Honoring
This memorial honors the sixteen hundred Dakota people, many of them women and children, who were imprisoned here at Fort Snelling in the aftermath of the 1862 U.S.-Dakota Conflict. Frightened, uprooted, and uncertain of the fate of their missing . . . — Map (db m50817) HM
Minnesota (Kandiyohi County), Spicer — Lake Florida Mission Covenant Church
First Church in Minnesota Organized by Mission Friend Immigrants from Sweden 1870-Organized on J.A. Skoglund Farm 1873-Built                   1910-Enlarged 1870-1955 Served this Rural Parish 1961-Perpetual Care Fund Raised . . . — Map (db m77844) HM
Minnesota (Kandiyohi County), Willmar — Turning Back Time
Turning Back Time The wetland before you is only a small part of the Weber Waterfowl Production Area; this original 80 acre site was bought from Regina and Anthony Weber in 1965. Additional land was purchased between 1970-74. This 421 acre . . . — Map (db m77714) HM
Minnesota (Kandiyohi County), Willmar — Veterans War Memorial
Sponsored and Erected By Austin F. Hanscom Post 167 The American Legion Willmar, Minnesota In grateful remembrance of those who have died serving our country in war, and in honor of all others who have served in our armed forces. May their . . . — Map (db m76412) WM
Minnesota (Lake County), Two Harbors — Crusader IILake Superior Fishing Boat
This boat the Crusader II was built in 1939 by Ruben and Charles Hill of Larsmont Minnesota. It was christened by Crown Prince Olav of Norway during a visit to Knife River. The Hill family built over 200 boats used mostly by the commercial . . . — Map (db m78820) HM
Minnesota (Lake County), Two Harbors — D&IR Railroad Company Sleigh
This sleigh was used by the Duluth and Iron Range Railroad Company to transport officials and employees between Duluth and Two Harbors, from 1882 to 1886, which period of time covered the construction of the road between Two Harbors and the . . . — Map (db m78786) HM
Minnesota (Lake County), Two Harbors — Duluth and Iron Range Railroad Locomotive #3"The 3 Spot" — 1883
Central American Connection The 3 Spot was built in 1883, by Philadelphia-based Baldwin Locomotive Works. The 3 Spot was originally built for the Tehuantepec Interoceanic Railway in Mexico. The Tehuantepec Interoceanic never took delivery, . . . — Map (db m78787) HM
Minnesota (Lake County), Two Harbors — Two Harbors Breakwater
Constructed 1947 - 1951 under supervision of Duluth District Corps of Engineers Department of U.S. Army Zenith Dredge Company Duluth, Minnesota Contractor — Map (db m78821) HM
Minnesota (McLeod County), Hutchinson — Hutchinson Stockade
This tablet marks the site of a stockade built by the Settlers Of Hutchinson And Vicinity For Protection Against The Sioux Indians. Sept. 4, 1862, Chief Little Crow's band attacked the stockade and was repulsed. Erected October 4, . . . — Map (db m70048) HM
Minnesota (Nicollet County), Fairfax — CCC Camp Life is a Healthful OneThe New Deal and Fort Ridgely State Park — United States Civilian Conservation Corps
"Life in a CCC camp is a different kind of life than most boys have known. An enrollee, as a CCC man is called, does not have his own private room. There is no one to pamper him. He lives with 200 other men of . . . — Map (db m71888) HM
Minnesota (Nicollet County), Fairfax — Working Year-Round to Develop the ParkThe New Deal and Fort Ridgely State Park — United States Civilian Conservation Corps
Although Fort Ridgely had been a state park since 1911, little development for recreation had occurred. Under the direction of the Department of Interior, the National Park Service (NPS) planned, designed, and supervised the . . . — Map (db m71881) HM
Minnesota (Nicollet County), St. Peter — Treaty of Traverse des Sioux Site
. . . — Map (db m66310) HM
Minnesota (Ramsey County), Saint Paul — C.S.P.S. Hall1887 Built. — 1917 Remodeled, 3rd floor added.
Feb. 17, 1977 Placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of Interior. Oct. 24, 1978 Designated as a Historic Preservation Site by the St. Paul City Council. 1980 Restoration begun by Sokol . . . — Map (db m76624) HM
Minnesota (Renville County), Delhi — Vicksburg CemeteryThe Historic Village of Vicksburg
* Vicksburg was approximately in existence from 1869 until 1878. The small village was located close to the Minnesota River (10 miles south of Renville in Flora Township or a half mile south of this sign). Within the town was a a general store, . . . — Map (db m68969) HM
Minnesota (Saint Louis County), Duluth — Albert Woolson
Born February 11, 1847 Watertown, N.Y. Died August 2, 1956 Duluth, Mn. Battery C 1st Minnesota Heavy Artillery The Last Union Survivor — Map (db m79050) HM
Minnesota (Saint Louis County), Duluth — Capstan
Deck capstans were used on sailing ships centuries ago to handle anchor lines on the heaviest of the ship's tackle. This cast iron geared capstan was recovered from the sunken schooner Samuel P. Ely at Two Harbors, Minnesota, where the ship sunk . . . — Map (db m79002) HM
Minnesota (Scott County), Jordan — Nachbar Donated Site
This site donated by Clement A. Nachbar, Mankato, Minn. Honoring the memory of his parents Mathias Nachbar & Wilhelmina Mertens Nachbar, who with their pioneer parents settled in Jordan vicinity, Minnesota Territory, in 1855. Dedicated to the early . . . — Map (db m68767) HM
Minnesota (St. Louis County), Duluth — Daniel De Gresolon, Sieur Du Lhut
The near-by canal marks the site of Little Portage on Minnesota Point crossed on June 27, 1679 by Daniel De Gresolon, Sieur Du Lhut, a gentleman of the Royal Guard of Louis XIV on his way to explore the Upper Mississippi. — Map (db m2876) HM
Minnesota (Traverse County), Browns Valley — Samuel Jerome Brown
Born March 7, 1845 Long Hollow, Roberts Co., South Dakota.

Died August 29, 1925 Browns Valley, Minnesota.

The "Paul Revere" of the northwestern frontier, because of his intrepid exploit of April 19, 1866. He was known as a scholar . . . — Map (db m93965) HM

Minnesota (Washington County), Marine on St. Croix — William O'Brien State Park
William O'Brien State Park was established in 1945 with a donation to the State of Minnesota of 180 acres by Alice O'Brien. This gift was given in memory of her father William O'Brien, who was a pioneer lumberman. This marker is dedicated to . . . — Map (db m52902) HM
Minnesota (Washington County), Stillwater — St. Croix Lumber Mills / Stillwater Manufacturing CompanyStillwater National Historic District
This property has been listed as a Contributing Member of the District by the United States Department of the Interior — Map (db m78658) HM
Minnesota (Washington County), Stillwater — Veterans Memorial
This flag, which once flew over the United States Capitol in Washington D.C., now flies proudly over Main Street, Stillwater, Minnesota. It is placed as a memorial to all Veterans, who in times of wars and in times of peace, throughout the . . . — Map (db m78689) WM
Minnesota (Winona County), Winona — Stephen Taylor1757 – 1857 — In Memory Of
A courageous soldier and member of Ethan Allen’s immortal band of 83, who took part in the surprise attack on the British garrison at Fort Ticonderoga, and the only Revolutionary soldier known to be buried in the State of Minnesota. . . . — Map (db m56101) HM
Minnesota (Wright County), Waverly — Hubert H. Humphrey Memorial
Hubert H. Humphrey 1911 - 1978   Senator Hubert H. Humphrey gave his last Memorial Day Address in this park on May 30, 1977. He died at his Waverly home on January 13, 1978.         "It's just a small town near a lake in Minnesota, . . . — Map (db m78365) HM
Missouri (Carroll County), Carrollton — General James Shields

Born in County Tyrone · Ireland May 10-1810 Died in Ottumwa · Iowa June 1-1879

Soldier · Jurist · Statesman

United States Senator from Illinois · Minnesota and Missouri

Cerro Gordo · Chapultepec

Winchester · Port . . . — Map (db m90874) HM

Missouri (Carroll County), Carrollton — General James Shields

Born in County Tyrone, Ireland May 10, 1810 Died June 1, 1879 Rests in St. Mary's Cemetery near Carrollton, Missouri

Soldier · Statesman Jurist · Patriot Brigadier General Mexican War · Civil War Cerro Gordo · Winchester . . . — Map (db m90890) HM WM

Nebraska (Otoe County), Nebraska City — Steam Wagon
Invented and owned by Joseph R. Brown of Minnesota Manufactured by John A. Reed of New York Landed at Nebraska City from Steamer West Wind July 12 - 1862 Started for Denver, self-propelled July 22 - 1862 Disabled and abandoned . . . — Map (db m66893) HM
New Hampshire (Merrimack County), South Sutton — 044 — John Sargent Pillsbury1828 - 1901
Born in a house bordering this common, he migrated to Minneapolis in 1855. There, he, his brother George, and his nephew Charles, established the famous Pillsbury flour milling business. Three times elected Governor of Minnesota and noted . . . — Map (db m88015) HM
New York (Chemung County), Elmira — Medal of Honor Monument
[Front]: John Denny Sergeant, United States Army Company B, 9th U.S. Cavalry Awarded the Medal of Honor at Las Animas Canyon, New Mexico 18 September 1879 Born 1846 Big Flats, New York Citation Removed a wounded comrade . . . — Map (db m90251) HM
North Carolina (Johnston County), Four Oaks — Bentonville Union Soldiers Memorial
In memory of Union Soldiers of the 14th, 15th, 17th and 20th Corps who served during the Battle of Bentonville March 19 - 21, 1865 XIV Corps • XV Corps • XVII Corps • XX Corps Representing the States of Alabama, Connecticut, . . . — Map (db m101150) HM WM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — Grand Army of the RepublicAlbert Woolson
(Front):Memorial to the Grand Army of the Republic (Left):Senior Vice Commander in Chief of the G.A.R. Albert Woolson of Duluth, Minnesota the last survivor (Right):Dedicated on September 12, 1956 by National Auxiliary to Sons . . . — Map (db m14539) HM
Pennsylvania (Perry County), New Bloomfield — Perry County
Formed March 22, 1820 from Cumberland County. named for Oliver Hazard Perry, war of 1812 hero. Birthplace of two governors of Pennsylvania, one of California, and one of Minnesota. The county seat, Bloomfield (P. O. New Bloomfield) was incorporated . . . — Map (db m23367) HM
South Carolina (Richland County), Columbia — "The Spirit of the American Doughboy"
Dedicated to The Memory Of Our Comrades Who Gave Their Lives In The World War ----------------- Presented by The people of the Pacific Community November 11, 1930 (Followed by list of 11 names) (Reverse side) . . . — Map (db m42065) WM
South Dakota (Minnehaha County), Sioux Falls — Frederick Manfred’s “Siouxland”
This spot is near the center of an area called “Siouxland,” so named by writer Frederick F. Manfred (1912–1994). Manfred established a distinct identity for this region, the drainage basin of the Big Sioux River. It includes parts . . . — Map (db m92175) HM
Tennessee (Hardin County), Shiloh — A81 — Camp of Munch's BatteryPrentiss' Division — Army of the Tennessee
U. S. Camp of Munch's Battery, (1st Minnesota), Prentiss' (6th) Div., Army of the Tennessee. First position in line of battle April 6, 1862, was 500 yards in front of camp, in Spain Field. — Map (db m42803) HM
Tennessee (Hardin County), Shiloh — 240 — Munch's BatteryPrentiss' Division — Army of the Tennessee
U. S. Munch's Battery, 1st Minnesota Lt. Art., Prentiss' (6th) Div., Army of the Tennessee. This battery with 6 guns went into action here at 7.30 a.m. April 6, 1862, and was engaged until 9 a.m. when it retired to the Hornets' . . . — Map (db m42752) HM
Tennessee (Hardin County), Shiloh — 241 — Munch's BatteryPrentiss' Division — Army of the Tennessee
U.S. Munch's Battery 1st Minnesota Lt. Arty., Prentiss' (6th) Div., Army of the Tennessee. This Battery had one section in action here, and one section 300 feet north, from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. April 6, 1862. The Battery was again in action on the . . . — Map (db m22769) HM
Wisconsin (Eau Claire County), Eau Claire — Thomas McDermott House — City of Eau Claire Landmark Commission
Historic Building Thomas McDermott, a local lumberman, built this Queen Anne style house in 1887. McDermott served in the Sixth Minnesota volunteer infantry in the early 1860s. After serving in the military, he worked as an explorer and scout . . . — Map (db m43500) HM
Wisconsin (Iowa County), Mineral Point — 137 — Wisconsin Territory
On July 4, 1836, here in Mineral Point, Col. Henry Dodge took the oath of office to become the first Governor of the newly-created Territory of Wisconsin. This Territory, previously attached to Michigan, embraced the vast and important area of what . . . — Map (db m35336) HM
Wisconsin (Kewaunee County), Luxemburg — Voie de la LiberteRoad of Freedom
    This Milestone Marker was presented to the Village of Luxemburg, Wisconsin in 1994. It is to remind people of the path of hardship and the triumphant progress of the soldiers of the 3rd U.S. Army, from the Allied landing in . . . — Map (db m74286) HM
Wisconsin (Milwaukee County), Milwaukee — Ernest "Ernie" Nevers
This star all-around high school athlete from Superior, Wisconsin, became the "Blond Blizzard" as the full-back for Stanford University and the Chicago Cardinals. Named an All-Time All-American at his position. Born, June 11, 1903, at Willow Grove, . . . — Map (db m99572) HM
Wisconsin (Saint Croix County), Hudson — Hudson Toll Bridge
The original interstate toll bridge which spanned the St. Croix River was officially opened for traffic June 14, 1913. It was privately owned by the St. Croix Bridge Company until 1917, when it became city property. For more than 35 years, it was . . . — Map (db m43954) HM
Wisconsin (Vernon County), Victory — 7 CVP — Site of Red Bird's VillageJune 28, 1827
First Battle of the Bad Ax was fought opposite, between 37 Winnebagos, on Minnesota and Wisconsin islands, and crew of keel boat O.H. Perry grounded on sandbar. Fatalities: 4 whites, 7 Indians. The same day Red Bird killed Lip Cap and Gagnier at . . . — Map (db m24305) HM
Wisconsin (Winnebago County), Winneconne — 48 — Poygan Paygrounds
In 1836 the Menominee Indians ceded all their lands between the Wolf and Fox Rivers to the United States Government. Payment was made every October, in twenty annual installments, on these grounds. All their remaining lands were ceded in 1848 and . . . — Map (db m34708) HM

Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — Corridor of Flags
Delaware, 1st State December 7, 1787 1609 • Henry Hudson visited Delaware Bay 1638 • Swedish colonists established Fort Christina, Delaware's first permanent settlement, and founded the colony of New Sweden 1655 • Dutch captured New . . . — Map (db m47214) HM

Iowa (Cerro Gordo County), Mason City — Railroad Development in Mason CitySteam Era, 1869 - 1955

[Left Panel] Steam railroad history began in 1869 for Mason City when the McGregor & Missouri River Rwy laid track from Nora Springs to Clear Lake and became part of the effort to link Chicago with South Dakota, and in 1870-71 when the . . . — Map (db m89655) HM

Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — The Union Line at the FenceUnion soldiers choose their ground
After the initial contact between the Union and Confederate forces in the foggy half light of the winter morning, Colonel Speed Fry, commanding the 4th Kentucky Infantry (US), pulled his men back to a rail fence on a hill east of the Mill Springs . . . — Map (db m62999) HM
Minnesota (Hennepin County), Edina — Minnehaha Grange Hall
[west side] Minnehaha Grange No. 398 was organized on December 12, 1873. Its members came from Edina Mills, Richfield Mills, St. Louis Park and the surrounding area. At first, the Grange met in the homes of its members. Then in . . . — Map (db m55450) HM
Minnesota (Hennepin County), Edina — Old Cahill School
[east side] The Cahill Settlement was one of the early communities in the western half of Richfield Township. It was established in the 1850s by Irish immigrants fleeing famine in their native Ireland. During the years of 1846, . . . — Map (db m55813) HM
Minnesota (Lake County), Two Harbors — Duluth Missabe & Iron Range Yellowstone Mallet #229
[Marker 1] This locomotive is dedicated to the men, women, and families of the Duluth Missabe & Iron Range Railroad [Marker 2] DM&IR Yellowstone Mallet #229, which is displayed opposite the venerable Duluth & Iron Range Railroad 3 . . . — Map (db m78785) HM
Minnesota (Lake County), Two Harbors — Ore Car #251, 1884 & Bobber Caboose #22 (#52), 1893
The first D&IR wooden ore cars were purchased from the Northwestern Manufacturing Co. in 1884. The first order was for 300 cars at a cost of $615 each. The cars had a capacity of 20 tons but were often overloaded. The lifespan of this equipment . . . — Map (db m78797) HM
Minnesota (Morrison County), Little Falls — The Burton/Rosenmeier HouseBuilt circa 1903
(Side A) The Burton/Rosenmeier House is significant architecturally as the outstanding example of the Classical Revival style in Little Falls and for its associations with its first two inhabitants: The Barney Burton family and later the . . . — Map (db m78472) HM
Minnesota (Traverse County), Browns Valley — Sam Brown Log HouseA Quiet Witness to Military and Prairie Life — Sam Brown - Remembered for his Epic Ride
A Quiet Witness to Military and Prairie Life This log structure was first used as a meeting place and general headquarters for scouts employed by the U.S. Army at Fort Wadsworth, Dakota Territory, following the U.S.-Dakota Conflict of 1862. During . . . — Map (db m93967) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — 61 Highway
Side 1: The rise of the automobile and the development of a national highway system in the 1920's and '30s coincided with the initial boom of blues, jazz, and spiritual recordings by African American artists. Songs in the African American . . . — Map (db m97080) HM

Ontario (Niagara Region), St. Catharines — The Welland Canals and the St. Lawrence Seaway System
The Welland Ship Canal is the fourth in a series of successively larger canals that were built to join Lakes Ontario and Erie - the first being completed in 1829. The present Canal was opened in 1932. It forms part of the St. Lawrence Seaway/Great . . . — Map (db m76328) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Homewood — Edgewood Lake (Drained 1940's) Birmingham Motor & Country Club / Edgewood Country Club(Demolished 1930's)
The developers of the Town of Edgewood, Stephen Smith and Troupe Brazelton, built the beautiful 117.4 acre lake and clubhouse in 1913-15. Amenities included a swimming pool, dance pavilion, fishing, boating and parking for hundreds of automobiles. . . . — Map (db m26963) HM
Arizona (Coconino County), Sedona — Orchards (1890 - 1970)
Fruit growing played a significant role in the early Sedona economy. Over time, settlers constructed ditches, flumes, pipelines, reservoirs, and water wheels to provide irrigation to their gardens and eventually to their larger orchards. Apples . . . — Map (db m54228) HM
Arkansas (Sebastian County), Fort Smith — Fort Wall
Security has always been a concern for the U.S. military. The army designed the second Fort Smith (1838-1871) as part of a line of forts from Minnesota to Louisiana to separate the territory occupied by Native American tribes from that settled by . . . — Map (db m59020) HM
California (Los Angeles County), Palmdale — A.W. "Tony" LeVier 1913-1998
Born in Duluth, Minnesota, on February 14th, 1913. In the 1930s he won the junior pilot aerobatic meet, barnstormed the country, operated two flying schools and competed in air races. In 1941 he joined the Lockheed Aircraft Corporation and tested . . . — Map (db m64621) HM
California (Napa County), St. Helena — Cesare Mondavi 1883 – 1959
Cesare Mondavi, an Italian immigrant, settled first in Minnesota in 1908. After a brief career in the iron mines, he opened a saloon. In 1922 he moved his family to California’s Central Valley, where he became an independent fruit shipper, sending . . . — Map (db m18701) HM
California (Sacramento County), Sacramento — The Bennett BrothersProsper, Leonard & Josiah
Arrived in Sacramento in 1850 from Mankato, Minnesota Leaving their brother Pharis to rest in Genoa, Nevada Prosper & Esther settled near Verona in Sutter County to farm in 1852 Members of the Bennett Family and Friends buried here are: Prosper . . . — Map (db m14101) HM
California (San Francisco City and County), San Francisco — Steam Donkey Engine
Donkey engines like this one were common along the waterfront from the 1880s into the 1920s. These portable steam winches were used as auxiliary power for loading and unloading cargo. The name donkey comes from there fact that the engines . . . — Map (db m101851) HM
Colorado (Lake County), Leadville — Norwegian Memorial99th Infantry Battalion (Separate) Memorial — Norwegian Operational Groups of the OSS Memorial
World War II United States Army Ski Troopers 99th Infantry Battalion (Separate) The Viking Battalion Office of Strategic Services O.S.S. NORSO (Rype Group) Special Forces The 99th Infantry Battalion (SEP) was: Activated 10 . . . — Map (db m95029) HM WM
Colorado (Lake County), Leadville — Office of Stratigic Services (O.S.S.) NORSO (Rype Group) Special Force
The 99th Infantry Battalion (SEP) was: Activated 10 July 1942 at Camp Ripley Minnesota Deactivated 11 November 1945 at Camp Miles Standish, Boston Massachusetts Camp Hale Colorado was the main ski trooper training area located 5 miles north . . . — Map (db m95044) WM
Florida (Palm Beach County), Delray Beach — F-847 — Delray Beach Hotel
The Delray Beach Hotel was constructed on this site in 1939. Engineered by William Victor Peterson and built by Taylor Construction, the Mediterranean style hotel featured a Cuban tile roof, high ceilings with exposed beams, and large glass windows . . . — Map (db m96888) HM
Florida (Polk County), Dundee — F-458 — The Railroad in Dundee History
The Dundee Passenger Depot, built ca. 1912, was the first depot on the Haines City to Sebring Line of The Atlantic Coast Line Railroad. Most of Dundee’s early growth can be attributed to the railroad. With the advent of the railroad, the . . . — Map (db m93192) HM
Georgia (Bartow County), Allatoona — Federal Trenches
During the night of October 4, Federal troops anxiously awaited in their defenses for the attack they knew would come. Harvey M. Tremble at the 93rd Illinois Regiment recalled: "That night the command slept under arms. All knew that . . . — Map (db m87379) HM
Georgia (Bartow County), Allatoona — The Eastern Redoubt
The eastern redoubt was constructed with six-foot tall earth parent and a six-foot deep ditch surrounding the fort on all sides. Gun embrasures allowed cannon to be fired at the enemy from this defensive position. Under the command of Lieutenant . . . — Map (db m87377) HM
Georgia (Catoosa County), Fort Oglethorpe — MT-1067 — 3rd Battery, Wisconsin Light ArtilleryBarnes' Brigade — Van Cleve's Division
3rd Battery, Wisconsin Light Artillery 4 10 - Pounder Parrotts, 2 12 - Pounders Howitzers. Barnes' Brigade, Van Cleve's Division, Crittenden's Corps. September 19, 1863. 1st Lieutenant Cortland Livingston, Commanding. 1st . . . — Map (db m76525) HM
Georgia (Cobb County), Kennesaw — Dueling Cannons
On June 19, Capt. Charles L. Lumsden's Alabama battery on Big Kennesaw Mountain hit a railroad water tower, "scattering both water and nearby Yankees" — lucky shooting for smoothbore Napoleon cannon. But after the Confederates fired at the 1st . . . — Map (db m81564) HM
Indiana (Benton County), Oxford — 04.1999.1 — Dan Patch
Side One Standard-bred colt (sire Joe Patchen, dam Zelica) foaled 1896 Oxford, Benton County; raised by Daniel A. Messner, Jr. on this farm. A natural pacer, trained for harness racing, a very popular sport in late 1800's and early 1900's. . . . — Map (db m8546) HM
Indiana (Posey County), New Harmony — David Dale OwenPioneer Geologist of the American Midwest — New Harmony, Home of

Conducted field studies in the years 1837 through 1860 that established a framework, little altered in the ensuing years, for the regional geology of the Upper Mississippi Drainage Basin. Appointed Geologist for the State of Indiana in 1837, he . . . — Map (db m96196) HM

Iowa (Clayton County), Marquette — Old Military Trail
This rock marks the beginning of the Old Military Trail first used in the summer of 1840 by troops from Fort Crawford in Wisconsin when building Fort Atkinson in Iowa. It served as a highway for the movement of troops and supplies from Fort Crawford . . . — Map (db m44190) HM
Kansas (Linn County), Trading Post — Sounds along the byway...saws, picks and axes.Frontier Military Historic Byway
"The ax, pick, saw and trowel, has become more the implement of the American soldier than the cannon, musket or sword." Colonel Zachary Taylor, 1820 In 1836, President Andrew Jackson authorized $100,000 to build a military road from Fort . . . — Map (db m33939) HM
Kansas (Sedgwick County), Wichita — Ceremonial PipesThe Ceremonial Pipe — Plains Indians Life, Beliefs and Practices
The pipe was central to tribal social and ceremonial life. A shared pipe sealed a friendship, a trade agreement, a treaty. The solemn act of smoking a pipe was usually part of a group ritual or observance, such as in council, in which the pipe . . . — Map (db m56789) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — George Henry ThomasThe Rock of Chickamauga, the Sledge of Nashville
Note: this marker is weathered and partly illegible. Some words are inferred and others are indecipherable. George Henry Thomas was born in Southampton County, Virginia, July 31, 1815. At the age sixteen he was forced to flee his home along . . . — Map (db m62970) HM

521 markers matched your search criteria. These linguistically-based search results have been ranked by where matching words were found. Results of different rank are separated by horizontal rules. Within the same rank, results are sorted by state or province; county, parish or shire; town; and title.
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