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North Carolina Civil War Trails Historical Markers

 
Johnston Moves West Marker image, Click for more information
By Bill Coughlin, August 11, 2012
Johnston Moves West Marker
North Carolina (Alamance County), Alamance — Johnston Moves WestHolt's Mill — Carolinas Campaign
(Preface): The Carolinas Campaign began of February 1, 1865, when Union Gen. William T. Sherman led his army north from Savannah, Georgia, after the March to the Sea. Sherman's objective was to join Gen. Ulysses S. Grant in Virginia to crush . . . — Map (db m45341) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Burlington — Confederate OccaneechiPiedmont Indians in the Civil War
When North Carolina passed laws in 1833 to restrict the rights of free blacks; they also limited the rights of Indians. In old Orange (later Alamance) County, many Occaneechi Indians including Dixon Corn, Jesse Jeffries, Enoch Jones, and Andrew . . . — Map (db m46084) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Burlington — Johnston Moves WestLogisticians at Work — Carolinas Campaign
(Preface) The Carolinas Campaign began on February 1, 1865, when Union Gen. William T. Sherman led his army north from Savannah, Georgia, after the March to the Sea. Sherman’s objective was to join Gen. Ulysses S. Grant in Virginia to crush . . . — Map (db m46046) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Burlington — The Regulators' FieldA Lesson for the Defeated — Carolinas Campaign
(Preface): The Carolinas Campaign began of February 1, 1865, when Union Gen. William T. Sherman led his army north from Savannah, Georgia, after the March to the Sea. Sherman's objective was to join Gen. Ulysses S. Grant in Virginia to crush . . . — Map (db m42335) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Graham — Johnston Moves WestRuffin Mills — Carolinas Campaign
(Preface) The Carolinas Campaign began on February 1, 1865, when Union Gen. William T. Sherman led his army north from Savannah, Georgia, after the March to the Sea. Sherman’s objective was to join Gen. Ulysses S. Grant in Virginia to crush . . . — Map (db m46022) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Haw River — Nathaniel Polk DeShongThe Southern Diaspora
Nathaniel Polk DeShong descended from Huguenot immigrants who settled near the Haw River about a mile and a half north of here. He enlisted on June 21, 1861, at 17 years of age under Capt. James W. Lea “for the War” in the 6th North . . . — Map (db m46081) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Mebane — Johnston Moves WestHardee's Column — Carolinas Campaign
(Preface): The Carolinas Campaign began on February 1, 1865, when Union Gen. William T. Sherman led his army north from Savannah, Georgia, after the March to the Sea. Sherman’s objective was to join Gen. Ulysses S. Grant in Virginia to crush . . . — Map (db m46023) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Snow Camp — Cane Creek Meeting HouseSuffering for Peace
The Quakers (Society of Friends) were early anti-slavery supporters of the Underground Railroad. Once the war erupted and Alamance County residents chose sides, supporters of the Confederacy regarded the Friends as Unionists. Never attacked directly . . . — Map (db m45538) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Snow Camp — Freedom Hill ChurchNo Slaveholder can be a Christian!
A mile south of here is the site of Freedom Hill Wesleyan Methodist Church, a simple frame building that measured 27 by 36 feet and was dedicated in March 1848. When local residents sent a plea for a minister to the Wesleyans in Ohio in 1847, the . . . — Map (db m46020) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Snow Camp — Micajah McPhersonWe have Fought the Good Fight and Kept Our Faith
Micajah McPherson, a trustee of Freedom Hill Wesleyan Methodist Church and abolitionist, was lynched about a mile and a half southeast of here. Although there are different stories about his lynching, they agree that he was an innocent man lynched . . . — Map (db m46021) HM
North Carolina (Avery County), Banner Elk — Banner ElkUnionist Haven
In 1860 Banner Elk was a small community in the mountains of Watauga County (present-day Avery County). Then called Banner’s Elk, it was named for the local Banner family and the Elk River. During the last years of the Civil War, an organized system . . . — Map (db m77533) HM
North Carolina (Avery County), Elk Park — Cranberry Iron MineIron for the Confederacy
During the Civil War, natural resources such as salt, lead, and iron were highly prized commodities in the Confederacy. The government relied especially on small rural ironworks to manufacture cannons, swords, and firearms. Ruben White first mined . . . — Map (db m77479) HM
North Carolina (Avery County), Linville — A Woman of WarSarah Malinda Blalock
Sarah Malinda Blalock and her husband, William McKesson “Keith” Blalock, lived in Coffey’s Gap on the Watauga and Caldwell County line in 1860. Keith Blalock was an avowed Unionist, but with the passage of the first Confederate . . . — Map (db m77492) HM
North Carolina (Beaufort County), Washington — Oakdale CemeteryTo Our Confederate Dead
After the Civil War, women’s associations throughout the South sought to gather the Confederate dead from battlefield burial sites and reinter the remains in proper cemeteries, while Confederate monuments were erected in courthouse squares and other . . . — Map (db m76917) HM
North Carolina (Beaufort County), Washington — Siege of WashingtonMarch 30 - April 20, 1863
To protect Confederate supply lines and to gather much-need provisions in eastern North Carolina, Gen. Daniel H. Hill planned demonstrations against Union-occupied New Bern and Washington in March 1863. He acted under orders from Gen. James . . . — Map (db m70502) HM
North Carolina (Beaufort County), Washington — Tranter's CreekBrothers in Battle
After Union Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside’s army captured Roanoke Island in February 1862, Federal troops occupied New Bern the next month and then secured the undefended town of Washington on March 20. Although several weeks passed with only a few . . . — Map (db m70506) HM
North Carolina (Beaufort County), Washington — USS PicketBattle of Washington
During the summer of 1892, Union forces firmly controlled eastern North Carolina, with garrisons stationed at Plymouth, Washington, New Bern and elsewhere. Federal detachments raided the countryside at will, while Confederate . . . — Map (db m64899) HM
North Carolina (Bertie County), Windsor — Engagement at WindsorAction on the Cashie River
To disrupt Confederate recruiting efforts here in Windsor, the Bertie County seat, three Federal transports steamed from Plymouth on the night of January 29, 1864, under U.S. Navy Lt. Cmdr. Charles W Flusser. USS Whitehead and USS . . . — Map (db m60627) HM
North Carolina (Brunswick County), Southport — Fort JohnstonGuardian of the Cape Fear River
Confederate Lifeline. On January 9, 1861, as secession fever swept the South, an armed body of civilians overwhelmed Fort Johnston’s lone occupant, Ordinance Sgt. James Reilly, and demanded the keys. Reilly quickly surrendered them and received . . . — Map (db m4761) HM
North Carolina (Brunswick County), Winnabow — Fort AndersonOne Shovelful at a Time — Confederate Lifeline
In 1861–1862, Col. William Lamb and Maj. John Hedrick constructed Fort Anderson, one of several Confederate strongholds that protected Wilmington, a major blockade-running port. They enlarged Fort St. Philip (for St. Philip’s Anglican Church . . . — Map (db m6515) HM
North Carolina (Buncombe County), Asheville — 1st U.S. Colored Heavy Artillery"Ready to Take the Field"
Gen. Davis Tillson raised 1,700-man 1st U.S. Colored Heavy Artillery in Tennessee and North Carolina in 1864. The unit encamped nearby while garrisoned in Asheville in 1865. Assigned to Tillson's 2nd brigade, the men participated in operations in . . . — Map (db m55571) HM
North Carolina (Buncombe County), Asheville — Asheville's Enslaved PeopleWartime Servitude
When the war began, more than 15 percent of Buncombe County’s residents were enslaved people. James Patton housed slaves behind his Eagle Hotel (straight ahead), where they worked as waiter, maids, grooms, cooks, and trail guides. Three blocks to . . . — Map (db m75507) HM
North Carolina (Buncombe County), Asheville — Battery PorterNapoleons on Stony Hill
Near the end of the Civil War in 1865, Confederate Battery Porter was positioned uphill to your right on Stony Hill, at that time the highest point in Asheville. The battery included four 12-pounder field pieces known as Napoleons, a model 1857 . . . — Map (db m75505) HM
North Carolina (Buncombe County), Asheville — Battle of AshevilleKirby's Expedition
On April 3, 1865, Union Col. Isaac M. Kirby left Tennessee with 900 men including his own 101st Ohio Infantry for “a scout in the direction of Asheville.” Three days later, local resident Nicholas Woodfin spotted the Federals on the . . . — Map (db m75534) HM
North Carolina (Buncombe County), Asheville — Landsman Riley PowersMountain Sailor
Early in 1861, Buncombe County farmer William Riley Powers joined the Rough and Ready Guards (Co. F, 14th North Carolina Infantry). The regiment was assigned to southeastern Virginia. There, Confederate Gen. Benjamin Huger discharged Pvts. Powers . . . — Map (db m75532) HM
North Carolina (Buncombe County), Asheville — Private George AverySouth Asheville Colored Cemetery
George Avery, a 19-year-old enslaved blacksmith, joined Co. D, 40th United States Colored Troops, in Greeneville, Tennessee, in 1865. According to local tradition, his master, Confederate Maj. William W. McDowell, sent Avery to enlist for a post-war . . . — Map (db m75527) HM
North Carolina (Buncombe County), Asheville — Smith-McDowell HouseOur Businessman-Soldier
After John Brown’s raid on Harpers Ferry, Virginia, in 1859, new militia companies were formed in the South. Businessman William W. McDowell, whose wife acquired this house from her father’s and brother’s estates, raised a company called the . . . — Map (db m75524) HM
North Carolina (Buncombe County), Asheville — Wartime JailAsheville's Prisons
During the war, many large buildings such as schools, warehouses, and churches became temporary prisons in Southern cities. After Asheville's jail on Pack Square overflowed with Confederate draft evaders, deserters, Union prisoners of war, and . . . — Map (db m59170) HM
North Carolina (Buncombe County), Fairview — Gen. William J. PalmerQuaker Warrior — Stoneman's Raid
(preface) On March 24, 1865, Union Gen. George Stoneman led 6,000 cavalrymen from Tennessee into southwestern Virginia and western North Carolina to disrupt the Confederate supply line by destroying sections of the Virginia and Tennessee . . . — Map (db m75541) HM
North Carolina (Buncombe County), Ridgecrest — Swannanoa Gap EngagementBlocking the Way
Stoneman's Raid On March 24, 1865, Union Gen. George Stoneman led 6,000 cavalrymen from Tennessee into southwestern Virginia and western North Carolina to disrupt the Confederate supply line by destroying sections of the Virginia and Tennessee . . . — Map (db m55971) HM
North Carolina (Buncombe County), Weaverville — Brothers In ServiceZebulon and Robert Vance Brithplace
Here were born two notable Buncombe County brothers, Zebulon Baird Vance (1830-1894) and Robert Brank Vance (1828-1899). Zebulon Vance was a Whig and supporter of the Union who opposed secession until the last moment. At the outbreak of war in . . . — Map (db m23138) HM
North Carolina (Burke County), Morganton — MorgantonRocky Ford Engagement — Stoneman's Raid
(Preface): On March 24, 1865, Union Gen. George Stoneman led 6,000 cavalrymen from Tennessee into southwestern Virginia and western North Carolina to disrupt the Confederate supply line by destroying sections of the Virginia and Tennessee . . . — Map (db m20348) HM
North Carolina (Cabarrus County), Concord — St. John's Lutheran ChurchCommunity Sacrifice
During the Civil War, about two hundred members of St. John’s Lutheran Church served in at least eight Confederate army units. The units included companies in the 8th, 20th, 33rd, 52nd, and 57th North Carolina Infantry regiments, as well as a . . . — Map (db m77374) HM
North Carolina (Caldwell County), Lenoir — Patterson MillStruck by Stoneman's Raiders — Stoneman's Raid
(preface) On March 24, 1865, Union Gen. George Stoneman led 6,000 cavalrymen from Tennessee into southwestern Virginia and western North Carolina to disrupt the Confederate supply line by destroying sections of the Virginia and Tennessee . . . — Map (db m77560) HM
North Carolina (Caldwell County), Lenoir — Raiders in LenoirSt. James Episcopal Church and Prison — Stoneman's Raid
(preface) On March 24, 1865, Union Gen. George Stoneman led 6,000 cavalrymen from Tennessee into southwestern Virginia and western North Carolina to disrupt the Confederate supply line by destroying sections of the Virginia and Tennessee . . . — Map (db m77565) HM
North Carolina (Camden County), South Mills — Battle of South MillsFight for the Canal — Burnside Expedition
Early in 1862, Union Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside led an expedition to secure the coast of North Carolina and occupy strategically important sites such as New Bern and Elizabeth City. After Burnside learned of the March 9 clash between USS . . . — Map (db m56761) HM
North Carolina (Carteret County), Atlantic Beach — Hoop Pole CreekFerrying Troops and Equipment at High Tide — Burnside Expedition
In March 1862, Union Gen. John G. Parke’s brigade of Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside’ Coastal Division advanced from New Bern to capture Beaufort Harbor and Fort Macon. During March 22-26, Parke’s forces took possession of Carolina City, Morehead City . . . — Map (db m77046) HM
North Carolina (Carteret County), Beaufort — BeaufortUnion Occupation and Confederate Spies
Before the outbreak of the Civil War in 1861, local citizens formed the Beaufort Harbor Guards. These Confederate sympathizers, led by Capt. Josiah Pender, occupied Fort Mason when the sole guard, U.S. Army Ordnance Sgt. William Alexander, quietly . . . — Map (db m77029) HM
North Carolina (Carteret County), Newport — Bogue Sound BlockhouseVermonters' Spirited Resistance
Company K, 9th New Jersey Volunteers, built the Bogue Sound Blockhouse here in the summer of 1862 to guard the junction of the Bogue Sound Road and Newport Road. Protected by a surrounding ditch and earthworks, the log blockhouse was armed with one . . . — Map (db m77094) HM
North Carolina (Carteret County), Newport — Newport BarracksWinter Quarters Ablaze
The 7th North Carolina Infantry built Newport Barracks here as a set of log winter quarters in 1861-1862. Union soldiers later took possession and added a hospital, headquarters, stables, storehouses, earthworks to protect the complex, and an . . . — Map (db m31225) HM
North Carolina (Chowan County), Cannon Ferry — War on the Chowan RiverBuffalo Country
After Union Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside captured Roanoke Island in February 1862, U.S. Navy vessels patrolled the Chowan River from its mouth in North Carolina to Franklin, Virginia, located on the Blackwater River, a tributary. The Chowan River here . . . — Map (db m60626) HM
North Carolina (Chowan County), Edenton — EdentonBattle of Albemarle Sound
On May 5, 1864, the Confederate ironclad ram CSS Albemarle under Commander James W. Cooke, with gunboats Cotton Plant and Bombshell, steamed out of the Roanoke River into Bachelor's Bay and Albemarle Sound before you, bound for . . . — Map (db m34832) HM
North Carolina (Craven County), New Bern — Attmore-Oliver HouseUnder the Stars & Bars
Like many other North Carolinians, New Bern’s residents enjoyed close economic and family ties with the North and were reluctant to leave the Union. Once the war began, however, many North Carolinians passionately supported the Confederate cause: . . . — Map (db m76993) HM
North Carolina (Craven County), New Bern — Battle of New BernSmoke and Flames — Burnside Expedition
On March 13, 1862, Union Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside prepared to capture New Bern after seizing Roanoke Island in February. Confederate Gen. Lawrence O’B. Branch defended the city in a line of fortifications located several miles down the Neuse . . . — Map (db m77003) HM
North Carolina (Craven County), New Bern — Greenwood CemeteryHistoric Burial Site
Greenwood Cemetery, established in 1882 on the grounds of an earlier cemetery, is New Bern’s second-oldest public cemetery and the first city-owned cemetery for African Americans. Thirteen grave markers are dated between 1816 and 1859. At least . . . — Map (db m76972) HM
North Carolina (Craven County), New Bern — New Bern AcademyFrom School to Hospital
In 1861, Confederate authorities converted the New Bern Academy from a school to a hospital. The U.S. Army commandeered the structure to care for the wounded almost immediately after defeating Confederate forces in the Battle of New Bern on March . . . — Map (db m23659) HM
North Carolina (Craven County), New Bern — New Bern National CemeteryHonoring the Union Dead
On March 14, 1862, Union Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside captured New Bern after seizing Roanoke Island in February and moving his army inland. After the battle for the town, the Federals established hospitals in the New Bern Academy, the Masonic Lodge, . . . — Map (db m76946) HM
North Carolina (Craven County), New Bern — William Henry SingletonFrom Slavery to Freedom
During the Civil War, thousands of enslaved blacks freed themselves by escaping to Union lines. Craven County native William Henry Singleton (1843-1938) was one of them. According to his biography, Recollections of My Slavery Days (1922), as . . . — Map (db m24054) HM
North Carolina (Cumberland County), Fayetteville — Burning of Clarendon BridgeConfederates Evacuate Fayetteville — Carolinas Campaign
(preface) The Carolinas Campaign began on February 1, 1865, when Union Gen. William T. Sherman led his army north from Savannah, Georgia, after the March to the Sea. Sherman’s objective was to join Gen. Ulysses S. Grant in Virginia to crush . . . — Map (db m70380) HM
North Carolina (Cumberland County), Fayetteville — Cross Creek CemeteryConfederate Burial Grounds
This is the oldest public cemetery in Fayetteville, begun in 1785. Mrs. Anne K. Kyle, who served as a nurse in the hospital here during the Civil War, established the Confederate Burial Ground soon after Union Gen. William T. Sherman and his army . . . — Map (db m30940) HM
North Carolina (Cumberland County), Fayetteville — Edward J. Hale HouseCivil War Publisher — Carolinas Campaign
Across the street is the Hale-Williams House, notable for the variety of architectural styles it incorporates as well as for the prominence of its builder, Edward Jones Hale. Hale bought this property in 1847 and constructed the house in the 1850s. . . . — Map (db m70360) HM
North Carolina (Cumberland County), Fayetteville — Fayetteville Arsenal"Batter . . . into piles of rubble" — Carolinas Campaign
[Preface at top left] The Carolinas Campaign began on February 1, 1865, when Union Gen. William T. Sherman led his army north from Savannah, Georgia, after the “March to the Sea.” Sherman's objective was to join Gen. Ulysses S. . . . — Map (db m24355) HM
North Carolina (Cumberland County), Fayetteville — North CarolinaCivil War Trails
North Carolina's Civil War stories are as diverse as its landscape. The Outer Banks and coastal rivers saw action early in the war, as Union forces occupied the region. Stories abound of naval battles, blockade running, Federal raids, and the . . . — Map (db m24357) HM
North Carolina (Cumberland County), Fayetteville — Parade GroundFayetteville Independent Light Infantry
The Fayetteville Independent Light Infantry is North Carolina's oldest military unit and the second-oldest militia organization in the U.S. At the start of the Civil War, after North Carolina seceded, the company enrolled in active service for . . . — Map (db m31109) HM
North Carolina (Cumberland County), Fayetteville — The Market HouseSite of a Shootout — Carolinas Campaign
On Saturday morning, March 11, 1865, a brief skirmish took place here at the Market House as Confederate forces evacuated Fayetteville while Union Gen. William T. Sherman's army entered the town. A rear guard detachment under Gen. Wade Hampton . . . — Map (db m24442) HM
North Carolina (Cumberland County), Fayetteville — The Sandford HouseBarracks for Union Troops — Carolinas Campaign
Duncan McLeran constructed this two-story Federal-style dwelling in 1797. In 1820, the property was sold and remodeled to accommodate the Bank of the United States, the first federal bank in North Carolina. The house is named for John Sanford, a . . . — Map (db m70374) HM WM
North Carolina (Cumberland County), Godwin — Battle of AverasboroConfederate First Defensive Line — Carolinas Campaign
(Preface): The Carolinas Campaign began on February 1, 1865, when Union Gen. William T. Sherman led his army north from Savannah, Georgia, after the March to the Sea. Sherman's objective was to join Gen. Ulysses S. Grant in Virginia to crush . . . — Map (db m42002) HM
North Carolina (Cumberland County), Wade — Old Bluff ChurchThe Muddy Road to Averasboro — Carolinas Campaign
(Preface): The Carolinas Campaign began on February 1, 1865, when Union Gen. William T. Sherman led his army north from Savanna, Georgia, after the "March to the Sea." Sherman's objective was to join Gen. Ulysses S. Grant in Virginia to . . . — Map (db m31593) HM
North Carolina (Currituck County), Currituck — Currituck County CourthouseConfederate Recruiting Center
Currituck has been the county government seat since 1723. The core of the present courthouse to the right and jail in front of you were here when the Civil War began. On March 31, 1862, the “Currituck Light Cavalry” began enlisting on . . . — Map (db m2764) HM
North Carolina (Currituck County), Knotts Island — Knotts IslandSalts Works Center
During the Civil War, salt—essential for the preservation of meat—was vitally important to the massive Union and Confederate armies. Currituck County's location was ideal for salt works, and Knotts Island's residents made salt both here . . . — Map (db m76552) HM
North Carolina (Currituck County), Moycock — MoycockShingle Landing
Currituck Sound and the surrounding area were under Union control by 1863. Local farmers and merchants sought permission from Federal authorities to sell their produce in Norfolk. They followed this route to the city. Union Gen. Henry M. Naglee, . . . — Map (db m56982) HM
North Carolina (Davidson County), Lexington — Lexington in the Civil WarOccupation and Fire
President Jefferson Davis and his entourage paused here in Lexington on April 16-17, 1865, as the Confederate government fled south after the April 3 evacuation of Richmond, Virginia. While here, Davis telegraphed Gen. Joseph E. Johnston as to the . . . — Map (db m34182) HM
North Carolina (Davidson County), Lexington — Pine Grove CampConfederate Government Seat
For an hour on the evening of Easter Sunday, April 16, 1865, a pine grove outside Lexington became the de facto seat of government for the Confederate States of America and the state of North Carolina. President Jefferson Davis and his cabinet, . . . — Map (db m77700) HM
North Carolina (Davidson County), Lexington — The HomesteadUnexpected Houseguests
The Homestead was the home of Dr. William R. Holt, one of antebellum North Carolina’s most versatile and talented men, with interests in medicine, agriculture, education, religion, transportation, and manufacturing. In May 1865, when Dr. Holt . . . — Map (db m34190) HM
North Carolina (Davidson County), Thomasville — ThomasvilleCaring for the Sick and Wounded
During the Civil War, Thomasville became a hospital center that treated the sick and wounded, civilian and soldier alike. From 1862 to 1865, a local doctor, D. W. Smith, operated a smallpox hospital just outside of town. In March 1865, Surgeon Simon . . . — Map (db m34232) HM
North Carolina (Davidson County), Thomasville — ThomasvilleA Key Stop & Refuge
John W. Thomas, who represented this area in the state legislature in the mid-1800s, laid out the town of Thomasville in 1852 on the proposed route of the North Carolina Railroad. Three years later, the line was completed to the new town, and the . . . — Map (db m70006) HM WM
North Carolina (Davidson County), Thomasville — Thomasville City CemeteryUnion of Combatants
(Preface): John W. Thomas, who represented this area in the state legislature in the mid-1800s, laid out the town of Thomasville in 1852 on the proposed route of the North Carolina Railroad. Three years later, the line was completed to the . . . — Map (db m34234) HM
North Carolina (Davie County), Mocksville — Davie County in the Civil WarStoneman in Mocksville — Stoneman's Raid
(Preface): On March 24, 1865, Union Gen. George Stoneman led 6,000 cavalrymen from Tennessee into southwestern Virginia and western North Carolina to disrupt the Confederate supply line by destroying sections of the Virginia and Tennessee . . . — Map (db m53207) HM
North Carolina (Duplin County), Kenansville — Confederate States ArmoryCutting the Supply Line — Confederate Lifeline
Throughout the Civil War, North Carolina furnished much of the material that the Confederate armies needed to sustain field operations. Here in Kenansville, the Confederate States Army produced military supplies ranging from swords to knapsacks. . . . — Map (db m77287) HM
North Carolina (Duplin County), Kenansville — Confederate States ArmoryDetermined Production — Confederate Lifeline
In April 1861, Louis Froelich, a Bavarian immigrant, began manufacturing uniform buttons in Wilmington for North Carolina soldiers. With Hungarian partner Col. Bela Estvan, Froelich operated his first arms factory for the Confederacy from November . . . — Map (db m77289) HM
North Carolina (Duplin County), Warsaw — The War Comes to WarsawLewis's Railroad Raid — Confederate Lifeline
During the war, the Wilmington and Weldon Railroad was part of a rail network that transported vital supplies north to Confederate forces in Virginia. Cutting that line became an important Union objective. On July 5, 1863, Lt. Col. George W. . . . — Map (db m77306) HM
North Carolina (Durham County), Durham — Bennett PlaceThe End of War — Carolinas Campaign
(Preface, upper left) : The Carolinas Campaign began on February 1, 1865, when Union Gen. William T. Sherman led his army north from Savannah, Georgia, after the “March to the Sea.” Sherman’s objective was to join Gen. . . . — Map (db m3635) HM
North Carolina (Durham County), Durham — Brassfield StationA Path Both Traveled — Carolinas Campaign
(Preface): The Carolinas Campaign began on February 1, 1865, when Union Gen. William T. Sherman led his army north from Savannah, Georgia, after the “March to the Sea.” Sherman's objective was to join Gen. Ulysses S. Grant in . . . — Map (db m14710) HM
North Carolina (Durham County), Durham — Duke HomesteadProsperity from War
When North Carolina became the last state to secede from the Union in May 1861, Washington Duke’s small farm and homestead here consisted of more than 300 acres. He grew typical crops such as corn, wheat, oats, and sweet potatoes, and had raised . . . — Map (db m37834) HM
North Carolina (Durham County), Durham — Durham's StationPrelude To Peace — Carolinas Campaign
(Preface):The Carolinas Campaign began on February 1, 1865, when Union Gen. William T. Sherman led his army north from Savannah, Georgia, after the “March to the Sea.” Sherman's objective was to join Gen. Ulysses S. Grant in . . . — Map (db m14674) HM
North Carolina (Durham County), Durham — North CarolinaCivil War Trails
North Carolina’s Civil War stories are as diverse as its landscape. The Outer Banks and coastal rivers saw action early in the war, as Union forces occupied the region. Stories abound of naval battles, blockade running, Federal raids and the . . . — Map (db m37830) HM
North Carolina (Durham County), Durham — North CarolinaCivil War Trails
North Carolina’s Civil War stories are as diverse as its landscape. The Outer Banks and coastal rivers saw action early in the war, as Union forces occupied the region. Stories abound of naval battles, blockade running, Federal raids and the . . . — Map (db m58392) HM
North Carolina (Durham County), Durham — North CarolinaCivil War Trails
North Carolina’s Civil War stories are as diverse as its landscape. The Outer Banks and coastal rivers saw action early in the war, as Union forces occupied the region. Stories abound of naval battles, blockade running, Federal raids and the . . . — Map (db m63217) HM
North Carolina (Durham County), Durham — West Point Truce LineWaiting, Looting, and Shooting — Carolinas Campaign
(Preface) The Carolinas Campaign began on February 1, 1865, when Union Gen. William T. Sherman led his army north from Savannah, Georgia, after the “March to the Sea.” Sherman’s objective was to join Gen. Ulysses S. Grant in Virginia to . . . — Map (db m45346) HM
North Carolina (Edgecombe County), Tarboro — Civil War CemeteriesBuried with Honor
Civil War soldiers and veterans are buried in Calvary Episcopal Churchyard and Old Town Cemetery. Among the fifty Confederates interred in the churchyard are Gen. William Dorsey Pender and Lt. Col. John L. Bridges. In May 1863, Pender . . . — Map (db m45432) HM
North Carolina (Edgecombe County), Tarboro — Occupation of Tarboro"All were burned ..." — Potter's Raid
(Preface): On July 18, 1863 Union Gen. Edward E. Potter led infantry and cavalry from New Bern to destroy the Wilmington and Weldon Railroad bridge at Rocky Mount. The infantry feinted toward Kinston and retreated to New Bern. Potter raided . . . — Map (db m31074) HM
North Carolina (Edgecombe County), Tarboro — Occupation of TarboroDaniel's Schoolhouse Engagement — Potters Raid
(Preface): On July 18, 1861, Union Gen. Edward E. Potter led infantry and cavalry from New Bern to destroy the Wilmington and Weldon Railroad bridge at Rocky Mount. The Infantry feinted toward Kinston and returned to New Bern. Potter . . . — Map (db m62211) HM
North Carolina (Franklin County), Louisburg — Camp Site for Sherman's ArmyLouisburg at the End of the War
On May 1, 1865, five days after Confederate Gen. Joseph E. Johnston surrendered to Union Gen. William T. Sherman near Durham Station, approximately 12,000 to 15,000 troops of Sherman’s Army of the Tennessee camped in Louisburg en route to . . . — Map (db m77880) HM
North Carolina (Gates County), Gatesville — Gates County CourthouseCivil War Muster Ground
The Gates County militia had its headquarters here in the 1836 Gates County Courthouse. When the war began, the Gates Guards were organized and were mustered into Confederate service here as Co. B, 1st North Carolina Infantry. Other Gates County . . . — Map (db m60625) HM
North Carolina (Graham County), Robbinsville — Civil War in Graham CountyUnion and Confederate Raiders
During the Civil War, Graham Country (the part of Cherokee County) offered scant support to the secessionist cause, although both ardent Confederates and staunch Unionists lived here. The region was not financially dependent on slavery. Most . . . — Map (db m75453) HM
North Carolina (Greene County), Ayden — Scuffleton BridgeFailed to Burn — Potter's Raid
(preface) On July 18, 1863, Union Gen. Edward E. Potter led infantry and cavalry from New Bern to destroy the Wilmington and Weldon Railroad bridge at Rocky Mount. The infantry feinted toward Kinston and returned to New Bern. Potter raided . . . — Map (db m76875) HM
North Carolina (Greene County), Hookerton — Hookerton DefensesConfederate Crossing and Headquarters — Potter's Raid
(preface) On July 18, 1863, Union Gen. Edward E. Potter led infantry and cavalry from New Bern to destroy the Wilmington and Weldon Railroad bridge at Rocky Mount. The infantry feinted toward Kinston and returned to New Bern. Potter raided . . . — Map (db m76890) HM
North Carolina (Greene County), Snow Hill — Grimsley Baptist ChurchRest, Feed, and Forage — Potter's Raid
(Preface): On July 18, 1863 Union Gen. Edward E. Potter led infantry and cavalry from New Bern to destroy the Wilmington and Weldon Railroad bridge at Rocky Mount. The infantry feinted toward Kinston and retreated to New Bern. Potter raided . . . — Map (db m31170) HM
North Carolina (Halifax County), Roanoke Rapids — Roanoke Canal"Duly Appreciated" — Confederate Lifeline
The Roanoke Navigation Company - a collaboration among North Carolina, Virginia, and private shareholders - began building the Roanoke Canal in 1819. The company created an inland navigation system from the upper Staunton and Dan Rivers in Virginia, . . . — Map (db m58901) HM
North Carolina (Halifax County), Weldon — Wilmington & Weldon RR TrestleLee's Lifeline — Confederate Lifeline
Located on the Roanoke River, the town of Weldon was one of the South's major transportation hubs at the beginning of the Civil War. By 1861, the town served as an important stop for steamboats and canal boats, and it was the junction of the . . . — Map (db m43459) HM
North Carolina (Harnett County), Dunn — Battle of AverasboroThird Confederate Defensive Line — Carolinas Campaign
Preface: The Carolinas Campaign began on February 1, 1865, when Union Gen. William T. Sherman led his army north from Savannah, Georgia, after the “March to the Sea.” Sherman's objective was to join Gen. Ulysses S. Grant in . . . — Map (db m3741) HM
North Carolina (Harnett County), Dunn — Battle of AverasboroUnion Route to Bentonville — Carolinas Campaign
(Preface): The Carolinas Campaign began on February 1, 1865, when Union Gen. William T. Sherman led his army north from Savannah, Georgia, after the “March to the Sea.” Sherman’s objective was to join Gen. Ulysses S. Grant in . . . — Map (db m5091) HM
North Carolina (Harnett County), Dunn — Battle of AverasboroSherman’s Left Wing Departs Averasboro — Carolinas Campaign
(Preface):The Carolinas Campaign began on February 1, 1865, when Union Gen. William T. Sherman led his army north from Savannah, Georgia, after the “March to the Sea.” Sherman’s objective was to join Gen. Ulysses S. Grant in . . . — Map (db m5895) HM
North Carolina (Harnett County), Godwin — North CarolinaCivil War Trails
North Carolina's Civil War stories are as diverse as its landscape. The Outer Banks and coastal rivers saw action early in the war, as Union forces occupied the region. Stories abound of naval battles, blockade running, Federal raids, and the . . . — Map (db m42001) HM
North Carolina (Haywood County), Canton — Locust Field CemeteryConfederate Rendezvous
The first Locust Old Fields Baptist Church was established here in 1803. It was among the first churches established west of Asheville. Although the original building no longer stands, it served the small community here for many years as a house of . . . — Map (db m75504) HM
North Carolina (Haywood County), Maggie Valley — Kirk's RaidUnwanted Intruders
On February 1, 1865, Col. George Kirk, 2nd North Carolina Mounted Infantry (U.S.), left Newport, Tennessee, with 400 cavalry and 200 infantry for a raid into Haywood County. He passed through the mountains at Mount Sterling, following the . . . — Map (db m12895) HM
North Carolina (Haywood County), Waynesville — Battle HouseSurrender-Role Reversal
Until it was demolished in 1899, the Battle House, a stagecoach house and inn, stood just to your left. There, on May 7, 1865, a proposed Union surrender was transformed into a Confederate capitulation. After Col. William C. Bartlett's 2nd N.C. . . . — Map (db m12892) HM
North Carolina (Haywood County), Waynesville — Thomas's Resting PlaceGreenhill Cemetery
Col. William Holland Thomas (February 5, 1805-May 10, 1893) is among the Confederate officers and soldiers buried here in Greenhill Cemetery. His grave is located about thirty yards in front of you on the right. Thomas, who began trading with . . . — Map (db m75487) HM
North Carolina (Haywood County), Waynesville — Waynesville EngagementAmong the Last to Die
Col. William C. Bartlett’s 2nd N.C. Mounted Infantry (U.S.) occupied Waynesville early in May 1865. The Federals raided the surrounding countryside, relieving civilians of their horses and provisions. On May 6, a company of Confederate Col. . . . — Map (db m75490) HM
North Carolina (Hertford County), Murfreesboro — MurfreesboroNaval Target
Murfreesboro, a prosperous riverfront commercial center, interested both sides during the war. In June 1862, Confederate Gen. Theophilus H. Holmes ordered cotton destroyed here and in other nearby towns. Eighty Confederate cavalrymen executing his . . . — Map (db m43434) HM
North Carolina (Hertford County), Winton — Burning of Winton"Fire... accompanied the sword" — Coastal Expeditions
After Union Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside captured Roanoke Island in February 1862, he decided to "sweep Albemarle Sound clean of [Confederate] defenses," establish inland bases of operation, and encourage eastern North Carolina Unionists. Winton, the . . . — Map (db m43431) HM
North Carolina (Iredell County), Statesville — Statesville in the Civil WarThe Raiders Soon Departed — Stoneman's Raid
(Preface): On March 24, 1865, Union Gen. George Stoneman led 6,000 cavalrymen from Tennessee into southwestern Virginia and western North Carolina to disrupt the Confederate supply line by destroying sections of the Virginia and Tennessee . . . — Map (db m57089) HM
North Carolina (Jackson County), Cashiers — Zachary-Tolbert HouseA Family Divided
The Zachary family of Cashiers symbolizes the divided loyalties of western North Carolinians. The builder of this house, Mordecai Zachery, had strong ties to the Confederacy, as did others in the area. Confederate Gen. Wade Hampton sent his family . . . — Map (db m75476) HM
North Carolina (Johnston County), Bentonville — Battle of Bentonville“In suffering condition” — Carolinas Campaign
(Preface):The Carolinas Campaign began on February 1, 1865, when Union Gen. William T. Sherman led his army north from Savannah, Georgia, after the “March to the Sea.” Sherman's objective was to join Gen. Ulysses S. Grant in . . . — Map (db m3738) HM
North Carolina (Johnston County), Bentonville — Merging of the ArmiesSherman’s Right Wing Arrives — Carolinas Campaign
(Preface):The Carolinas Campaign began on February 1, 1865, when Union Gen. William T. Sherman led his army north from Savannah, Georgia, after the “March to the Sea.” Sherman's objective was to join Gen. Ulysses S. Grant in . . . — Map (db m5844) HM
North Carolina (Johnston County), Bentonville — Village of BentonvilleWounded and Abandoned — Carolinas Campaign
(Preface):The Carolinas Campaign began on February 1, 1865, when Union Gen. William T. Sherman led his army north from Savannah, Georgia, after the “March to the Sea.” Sherman's objective was to join Gen. Ulysses S. Grant in . . . — Map (db m14677) HM
North Carolina (Johnston County), Clayton — Flag of TruceNegotiating for Raleigh — Carolinas Campaign
(preface) The Carolina Campaign began on February 1, 1865, when Union Gen. William T. Sherman led his army north from Savannah, Georgia, after the March to the Sea. Sherman’s objective was to join Gen. Ulysses S. Grant in Virginia to . . . — Map (db m77839) HM
North Carolina (Johnston County), Four Oaks — Confederate Line of March“ … on this wretched road … ” — Carolinas Campaign
(Preface): The Carolinas Campaign began on February 1, 1865, when Union Gen. William T. Sherman led his army north from Savannah, Georgia, after the “March to the Sea.” Sherman's objective was to join Gen. Ulysses S. Grant in . . . — Map (db m14720) HM
North Carolina (Johnston County), Four Oaks — Hannah’s Creek BridgeSaving the Colors — Carolinas Campaign
(Preface): The Carolinas Campaign began on February 1, 1865, when Union Gen. William T. Sherman led his army north from Savannah, Georgia, after the “March to the Sea.” Sherman's objective was to join Gen. Ulysses S. Grant in . . . — Map (db m14714) HM
North Carolina (Johnston County), Selma — Mitchener StationThe Last Review — Carolinas Campaign
(preface) The Carolinas Campaign began on February 1, 1865, when Union Gen. William T. Sherman led his army north from Savannah, Georgia, after the March to the Sea. Sherman’s objective was to join Gen. Ulysses S. Grant in Virginia to crush . . . — Map (db m70391) HM
North Carolina (Johnston County), Smithfield — Federal Line of March“Poor North Carolina …” — Carolinas Campaign
(Preface): The Carolinas Campaign began on February 1, 1865, when Union Gen. William T. Sherman led his army north from Savannah, Georgia, after the “March to the Sea.” Sherman's objective was to join Gen. Ulysses S. Grant in . . . — Map (db m14712) HM
North Carolina (Johnston County), Smithfield — Hastings HouseJohnston’s Headquarters — Carolinas Campaign
(Preface):The Carolinas Campaign began on February 1, 1865, when Union Gen. William T. Sherman led his army north from Savannah, Georgia, after the “March to the Sea.” Sherman's objective was to join Gen. Ulysses S. Grant in . . . — Map (db m14654) HM
North Carolina (Johnston County), Smithfield — Occupation of Smithfield“cheering … rolled along the lines” — Carolinas Campaign
(Preface):The Carolinas Campaign began on February 1, 1865, when Union Gen. William T. Sherman led his army north from Savannah, Georgia, after the “March to the Sea.” Sherman's objective was to join Gen. Ulysses S. Grant in . . . — Map (db m14659) HM
North Carolina (Lenoir County), Kinston — Battle of KinstonFoster's Position on Southwest Creek — Foster's Raid
The yellow sidebar in the upper left provides a brief background: Late in 1862, Union Gen. John G. Foster’s garrison was well entrenched in New Bern and made several incursions into the countryside. On December 11, Foster led a raid from New . . . — Map (db m23655) HM
North Carolina (Lenoir County), Kinston — Battle of KinstonConfederates Retreat Across Jones Bridge — Foster's Raid
(Preface): Late in 1862, Union Gen. John G. Foster's garrison was well entrenched in New Bern and made several incursions into the countryside. On December 11, Foster led a raid from New Bern to burn the Wilmington and Weldon Railroad Bridge . . . — Map (db m30526) HM
North Carolina (Lenoir County), Kinston — Battle of KinstonFederals Turn the Confederate Flank — Foster's Raid
(Preface): Late in 1862, Union Gen. John G. Foster's garrison was well entrenched in New Bern and made several incursions into the countryside. On December 11, Foster led a raid from New Bern to burn the Wilmington and Weldon Railroad Bridge . . . — Map (db m30529) HM
North Carolina (Lenoir County), Kinston — Battle of Wyse ForkLast Mass Capture of Union Troops — Carolinas Campaign
The yellow sidebar in the upper left of the marker provides a brief synopsis of the Carolinas Campaign. It states: The Carolinas Campaign began on February 1, 1865, when Union Gen. William T. Sherman led his army north from Savannah, . . . — Map (db m23802) HM
North Carolina (Lenoir County), Kinston — Cat HoleFinishing CSS Neuse
The Confederate ironclad ram Neuse was constructed at Whitehall (present-day Seven Springs) beginning in October 1862. In March 1863, having survived Union Gen. John G. Foster's raid and the engagement at Whitehall the pervious December, . . . — Map (db m30533) HM
North Carolina (Lenoir County), Kinston — Confederate HeadquartersBragg's Command Post
At this location was the site of the Howard House, used as Confederate Headquarters during the Battle of Wyse Fork, March 8-10, 1865. General Braxton Bragg commanded the Confederate Army that was composed of the forces of Major General D.H. Hill and . . . — Map (db m23745) HM
North Carolina (Lenoir County), Kinston — CSS NeuseThe Story of CSS Neuse
The Confederate ironclad ram Neuse was constructed at Whitehall (present-day Seven Springs) beginning in October 1862. The unfinished hull survived the fighting there during Union Gen. John G. Foster's raid in December of 1863. It was docked . . . — Map (db m30489) HM
North Carolina (Lenoir County), Kinston — First Battle of KinstonHarriet's Chapel — Foster's Raid
The yellow sidebar in the upper left provides a brief background: Late in 1862, Union Gen. John G. Foster’s garrison was well entrenched in New Bern and made several incursions into the countryside. On December 11, Foster led a raid from New . . . — Map (db m23656) HM
North Carolina (Lenoir County), Kinston — North CarolinaCivil War Trails
North Carolina's Civil War stories are as diverse as its landscape. The Outer Banks and coastal rivers saw action early in the war, as Union forces occupied the region. Stories abound of naval battles, blockade running, Federal raids, and the . . . — Map (db m30518) HM
North Carolina (Lincoln County), Lowesville — Cottage Home"We marched down to the parlour..."
Near here stood Cottage Home, the farmhouse of the Rev. Robert Hall Morrison, a Presbyterian minister and one of the founders of Davidson College. He and his wife, Mary Graham, had ten children; three of their daughters married men who later become . . . — Map (db m70034) HM
North Carolina (Macon County), Franklin — Dixie HallSurrender Scene
Here stood Dixie Hall, the home of prosperous local merchant Julius T. Siler. A landowner and slaveholder. Siler joined the Confederate army along with about 3,000 other Macon County men and served as the captain of Company E, 6th North Carolina . . . — Map (db m75472) HM
North Carolina (Macon County), Franklin — Thomas's LegionA Unique Command
Confederate Col. William H. Thomas organized Thomas’s Legion of Cherokee Indians and Mountaineers is western North Carolina in September 1862. The people of this area were sometime referred to as highlanders, and local residents called Thomas’s unit . . . — Map (db m75455) HM
North Carolina (Madison County), Hot Springs — Warm Springs HotelBrother against Brother
On October 17, 1863, Union Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside reported from Knoxville, Tennessee, that "a regiment of North Carolina troops we are now organizing here yesterday captured Warm Springs, N.C., and now hold Paint Rock Gap." This regiment, the 2nd . . . — Map (db m23687) HM
North Carolina (Madison County), Mars Hill — Mars Hill CollegeStrategic Location, Divided Loyalties
Baptist farm families here established Mars Hills College in 1856. The four-acre college campus had three structures by 1861: a two-story brick classroom building, a frame dormitory for boys, and a frame teachers' residence. They stood about 75 . . . — Map (db m23140) HM
North Carolina (Madison County), Marshall — MarshallDivided Loyalties
On May 13, 1861, voters gathered here in Marshall, the Madison County seat, to elect a delegate for the Secession Convention to be held in Raleigh. The citizens were divided in their loyalties. Sheriff Ransom P. Merrill and others were later . . . — Map (db m75592) HM
North Carolina (Martin County), Hamilton — Fort BranchA Mighty Fortress
At the beginning of the Civil War, the Confederates fortified the high bluffs of Rainbow Banks here on the Roanoke River. The fort helped prevent Union gunboat attacks in the upper Roanoke River Valley, guarded the Wilmington and Weldon Railroad . . . — Map (db m59063) HM
North Carolina (Martin County), Williamstown — Asa Biggs HouseHome to a Politician & Jurist
Asa Biggs (1811-1878), a prominent North Carolina politician and jurist, and his wife, Martha, built this Federal and Greek Revival—style house and lived here from 1835 to 1862. Biggs practiced law from his office just across Smithwick Street. . . . — Map (db m76860) HM
North Carolina (McDowell County), Marion — Carson House"Horrid Blue Coats" — Stoneman's Raid
(preface) On March 24, 1865, Union Gen. George Stoneman led 6,000 cavalrymen from Tennessee into southwestern Virginia and western North Carolina to disrupt the Confederate supply line by destroying sections of the Virginia and Tennessee . . . — Map (db m77441) HM
North Carolina (New Hanover County), Kure Beach — Battery BuchananFort Fisher’s Last Stand — Confederate Lifeline
These are the remnants of Battery Buchanan, named for Confederate Adm. Franklin Buchanan. It was constructed in 1864 to guard this point and also to serve as “a citadel to which an overpowered garrison might retreat.” It was the last . . . — Map (db m28637) HM
North Carolina (New Hanover County), Wilmington — Last Stand At WilmingtonThe Forks Road Engagement — Confederate Lifeline
Here, in the earthworks in front of you, Confederate Gen. Robert F. Hoke’s troops made a stand on February 20-21, 1865. They were attempting to halt the Union army’s advance on Wilmington, the Confederacy’s principal seaport. Blockade runners, . . . — Map (db m28636) HM
North Carolina (Northampton County), Jackson — Battle of JacksonCaught Bathing at Boone's Mill
On July 28, 1863, Union Col. Samuel P. Spear's cavalrymen came thundering through Jackson from Federal-occupied Winton to destroy the Wilmington and Weldon Railroad Bridge over the Roanoke River at Weldon. Confederate Gen. Matt W. Ransom and his . . . — Map (db m43394) HM
North Carolina (Onslow County), Swansboro — Huggins Island BatteryProtecting the Coast — Coastal Expeditions
Union Gen. Benjamin F. Butler’s capture of Hatteras Inlet in August 1861 gave Federal forces a foothold from which they could launch attacks up the rivers and sounds of eastern North Carolina. Confederate authorities decided to construct earthen . . . — Map (db m77096) HM
North Carolina (Orange County), Chapel Hill — Last ShotsThe Creek of New Hope — Carolinas Campaign
(Preface):   The Carolinas Campaign began on February 1, 1865, when Union Gen. William T. Sherman led his army north from Savannah, Georgia, after the “March to the Sea.” Sherman’s objective was to join Gen. Ulysses S. Grant in . . . — Map (db m33984) HM
North Carolina (Orange County), Hillsborough — The Last EncampmentThe Dickson House — Carolina Campaign
(Preface, upper left): The Carolinas Campaign began on February 1, 1865, when Union Gen. William T. Sherman led his army north from Savannah, Georgia, after the “March to the Sea.” Sherman’s objective was to join Gen. Ulysses S. . . . — Map (db m13972) HM
North Carolina (Pasquotank County), Elizabeth City — A Town Divided1st U.S.C.T. Occupies the Town
(sidebar) During the Civil War, neither the North nor the South was totally united over the key issues. Just as some Northerners supported slavery and secession, some Southerners were abolitionist and Unionists. These issues could split . . . — Map (db m56765) HM
North Carolina (Pender County), Burgaw — Burgaw StationAntebellum Railroad Station — Confederate Lifeline
Burgaw Station, a stop on the Wilmington and Weldon Railroad, was located on the rail line known as the “Lifeline of the Confederacy,” Gen. Robert E. Lee’s main supply route for his Army of Northern Virginia by 1864. This rail line . . . — Map (db m77263) HM
North Carolina (Pitt County), Ayden — Fort Fisher HeroChristopher Columbus Bland
A hero of the fight for Fort Fisher is buried here in the churchyard. Pvt. Christopher C. “Kit” Bland, Battery K, 2nd North Carolina Artillery, was serving at the fort, the “Gibraltar of the Confederacy,” when Federal forces . . . — Map (db m70453) HM
North Carolina (Pitt County), Black Jack — Black JackFour Corners or The Chapel — Potter's Raid
(preface) On July 18, 1863, Union Gen. Edward E. Potter led infantry and cavalry from New Bern to destroy the Wilmington and Weldon Railroad bridge at Rocky Mount. The infantry feinted toward Kinston and returned to New Bern. Potter raided . . . — Map (db m76907) HM
North Carolina (Pitt County), Falkland — Otter Creek Bridge Skirmish"...difficult ...to carry" — Potters Raid
(preface) On July 18, 1863, Union Gen. Edward E. Potter led infantry and cavalry from New Bern to destroy the Wilmington and Weldon Railroad bridge at Rocky Mount. The infantry feinted toward Kinston and returned to New Bern. Potter raided . . . — Map (db m76871) HM
North Carolina (Pitt County), Farmville — Chasing Gen. PotterPursuers and Pursued — Potter's Raid
(preface) On July 18, 1863, Union Gen. Edward E. Potter led infantry and cavalry from New Bern to destroy the Wilmington and Weldon Railroad bridge at Rocky Mount. The infantry feinted toward Kinston and returned to New Bern. Potter raided . . . — Map (db m76874) HM
North Carolina (Pitt County), Greenville — Greenville"The bridge...was destroyed" — Potter's Raid
(preface) On July 18, 1863, Union Gen. Edward E. Potter led infantry and cavalry from New Bern to destroy the Wilmington and Weldon Railroad bridge at Rocky Mount. The infantry feinted toward Kinston and returned to New Bern. Potter raided . . . — Map (db m76873) HM
North Carolina (Pitt County), Greenville — Red Banks Church"... suddenly and unexpectedly met the enemy"
Federal expeditions frequently disrupted Confederate activities late in 1863. Union forces often assembled here at Red Banks Church because it was near Confederate camps. On December 17, 1863, a Federal attack near here on the camp of Co. H, 3rd . . . — Map (db m70496) HM
North Carolina (Pitt County), Grifton — Burney Place"... yelling like wild Indians" — Potter's Raid
(preface) On July 18, 1863, Union Gen. Edward E. Potter led infantry and cavalry from New Bern to destroy the Wilmington and Weldon Railroad bridge at Rocky Mount. The infantry feinted toward Kinston and returned to New Bern. Potter raided . . . — Map (db m76919) WM
North Carolina (Pitt County), Winterville — Haddocks CrossroadsConfederate Camp
After Union forces occupied New Bern in March 1862, Confederate Maj. John N. Whitford established a camp here at Haddocks Crossroads, the intersection of the main roads from Greenville to New Bern and to Kinston. Whitford’s Battalion of Partisan . . . — Map (db m70459) HM
North Carolina (Polk County), Columbus — Polk County CourthouseRaiders in the County — Stoneman's Raid
(Preface): On March 24, 1865, Union Gen. George Stoneman led 6,000 cavalrymen from Tennessee into southwestern Virginia and western North Carolina to disrupt the Confederate supply line by destroying sections of the Virginia and Tennessee . . . — Map (db m53199) HM
North Carolina (Randolph County), Trinity — Trinity CollegeHardee’s Last Headquarters — Carolinas Campaign
(Preface, upper left): The Carolinas Campaign began on February 1, 1865, when Union Gen. William T. Sherman led his army north from Savannah, Georgia, after the “March to the Sea.” Sherman’s objective was to join Gen. . . . — Map (db m58259) HM
North Carolina (Rockingham County), Eden — Annie Eliza Johns“Florence Nightingale of the South”
Anne “Annie” Eliza Johns, volunteer nurse, poet, teacher, and author of Cooleemee, A Tale of Southern Life, is buried here with her family in the Church of the Epiphany Cemetery. She was born in Pittsylvania Co.,Va., on July 16, . . . — Map (db m63047) HM
North Carolina (Rockingham County), Eden — Dan RiverVital Supply Line — Confederate Lifeline
The Roanoke Navigation Company opened the upper Dan River here for batteau traffic in the 1820s, and the towns of Leaksville (present-day Eden) and Madison became river ports. During the antebellum era, farmers shipped their produce downstream to . . . — Map (db m63043) HM
North Carolina (Rockingham County), Eden — Leaksville Cotton MillCloth for Sale — Confederate Lifeline
Former Gov. John Motley Morehead built the Leaksville cotton factory here in 1839. Water from the nearby Smith River rapids powered the stone mill. In May and June 1861, the factory furnished 1,700 yards of osnaburg (a coarse, strong cloth . . . — Map (db m63044) HM
North Carolina (Rockingham County), Madison — Scales Law OfficeDuty, Courage & Daring
Alfred M. Scales was born on November 26, 1827, in eastern Rockingham County. After attending Caldwell Institute in Greensboro and the University of North Carolina, he read law under Judge William H. Battle, then settled in Madison and opened his . . . — Map (db m62981) HM
North Carolina (Rockingham County), Reidsville — Piedmont RailroadFlight of Jefferson Davis
The Piedmont Railroad, chartered in 1862, linked Danville, Virginia, with Greensboro, North Carolina. Work began on the road that autumn in Danville, but wartime labor and supply shortages impeded progress on the 48-mile-long line, which did not . . . — Map (db m63046) HM
North Carolina (Rockingham County), Wentworth — Wentworth and the WarConfederate Infantry Companies Form
When the Civil War began in 1861, the courthouse village of Wentworth contained a few hundred people as well as county buildings, law offices, several stores, two churches, two hotels, a school, a Masonic Hall, a tavern, a carriage factory, and two . . . — Map (db m63041) HM
North Carolina (Rockingham County), Wentworth — Wentworth Methodist ChurchThe Price of War
Wentworth Methodist Church was organized in 1836, and the present sanctuary was constructed in 1859. It contains a slave gallery and is the last antebellum Methodist church building in Rockingham County. It was listed on the National Register of . . . — Map (db m63042) HM
North Carolina (Rowan County), Salisbury — C.S. Military PrisonLonging for the Morning
On November 2, 1861, the Confederate government purchased about 16 acres here for a prison. The tract included an abandoned three-story cotton mill, a boiler house, six tenements, a superintendent’s house, and several smaller buildings. A stockade . . . — Map (db m34202) HM
North Carolina (Rowan County), Salisbury — Hall HouseLegacy of the Past
In 1859, Dr. Josephus Wells Hall bought this house, which was constructed in 1820 as the Salisbury Female Academy, and added a new entrance and the double veranda with lacey ironworks. Inside, he had ornate French wallpaper hung and the hall . . . — Map (db m34279) HM
North Carolina (Rowan County), Salisbury — Rowan County CourthouseEscaped Destruction — Stoneman’s Raids
The Old Rowan County Courthouse, a visible reminder of Salisbury’s antebellum prosperity, was erected in 1855 and is one of North Carolina’s finest Greek Revival-style public buildings. It served as Rowan’s third courthouse until 1914. Salisbury . . . — Map (db m34278) HM
North Carolina (Rutherford County), Chimney Rock — Hickory Nut GorgeFrom Raiders to Pursuers — Stoneman's Raid
(Preface): On March 24, 1865, Union Gen. George Stoneman led 6,000 cavalrymen from Tennessee into southwestern Virginia and western North Carolina to disrupt the Confederate supply line by destroying sections of the Virginia and Tennessee . . . — Map (db m12890) HM
North Carolina (Rutherford County), Rutherfordton — Green River PlantationUnwelcome Guests — Stoneman's Raid
(preface) On March 24, 1865, Union Gen. George Stoneman led 6,000 cavalrymen from Tennessee into southwestern Virginia and western North Carolina to disrupt the Confederate supply line by destroying sections of the Virginia and Tennessee . . . — Map (db m77410) HM
North Carolina (Rutherford County), Rutherfordton — Rutherfordton“ . . . did it no good” — Stoneman’s Raid
(Preface):   On March 24, 1865, Union Gen. George Stoneman led 6,000 cavalrymen from Tennessee into southwestern Virginia and western North Carolina to disrupt the Confederate supply line by destroying sections of the Virginia and Tennessee . . . — Map (db m34075) HM
North Carolina (Scotland County), Laurel Hill — Murdoch Morrison Gun FactoryGuns and Smoke — Carolinas Campaign
(preface) The Carolinas Campaign began of February 1, 1865, when Union Gen. William T. Sherman led his army north from Savannah, Georgia, after the March to the Sea. Sherman's objective was to join Gen. Ulysses S. Grant in Virginia to . . . — Map (db m77356) HM
North Carolina (Scotland County), Laurinburg — LaurinburgBurning Depot — Carolina's Campaign
Preface: The Carolinas Campaign began on February 1, 1865, when Union Gen. William T. Sherman led his army north from Savannah, Georgia, after the March to the Sea. Sherman's objective was to join Gen. Ulysses S. Grant in Virginia to crush . . . — Map (db m56192) HM
North Carolina (Scotland County), Laurinburg — Old Laurel Hill Church"O when will this cruel war end" — Carolina Campaign
(preface) The Carolina Campaign began on February 1, 1865, when Union Gen. William T. Sherman led his army north from Savannah, Georgia, after the March to the Sea. Sherman’s objective was to join with Gen. Ulysses S. Grant in Virginia to . . . — Map (db m70334) HM
North Carolina (Scotland County), Laurinburg — Stewart-Hawley-Malloy House"Roads Almost Impassable" — Carolinas Campaign
Preface: The Carolinas Campaign began on February 1, 1865, when Union Gen. William T. Sherman led his army north from Savannah, Georgia, after the March to the Sea. Sherman's objective was to join Gen. Ulysses S. Grant in Virginia to crush . . . — Map (db m56312) HM
North Carolina (Scotland County), Wagram — Wagram"Damnest marching I ever saw" — Sherman — Carolinas Campaign
(preface) The Carolinas Campaign began on February 1, 1865, when Union Gen. William T. Sherman led his army north from Savannah, Georgia, after the March to the Sea. Sherman’s objective was to join Gen. Ulysses S. Grant in Virginia to crush . . . — Map (db m70350) HM
North Carolina (Stokes County), Danbury — Moody TavernStoneman's Headquarters — Confederate Lifeline
Early in April 1865, Union Gen. George Stoneman’s cavalry moved from Tennessee into Virginia and then south through Danbury to destroy railroad track, warehouses, and supplies that supported Gen. Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia. Stoneman . . . — Map (db m77678) HM
North Carolina (Stokes County), Danbury — Moratock Iron FurnaceRural Ironworks — Confederate Lifeline
During the Civil War, the Confederacy relied on small rural ironworks for the metals needed to manufacture cannons, swords, and firearms. The furnace here, owned by the Moratock Mining and Manufacturing Company, was typical of the charcoal blast . . . — Map (db m34156) HM
North Carolina (Surry County), Elkin — Elkin Manufacturing CompanyWelcoming the Raiders — Stoneman's Raid
(Preface): On March 24, 1865, Union Gen. George Stoneman led 6,000 cavalrymen from Tennessee into southwestern Virginia and western North Carolina to disrupt the Confederate supply line by destroying sections of the Virginia and Tennessee . . . — Map (db m56794) HM
North Carolina (Surry County), Rockford — RockfordA Close Encounter — Stoneman's Raid
(Preface): On March 24, 1865, Union Gen. George Stoneman led 6,000 cavalrymen from Tennessee into southwestern Virginia and western North Carolina to disrupt the Confederate supply line by destroying sections of the Virginia and Tennessee . . . — Map (db m54626) HM
North Carolina (Surry County), Siloam — Reeves HomeplaceA Close Encounter — Stoneman's Raid
(Preface): On March 24, 1865, Union Gen. George Stoneman led 6,000 cavalrymen from Tennessee into southwestern Virginia and western North Carolina to disrupt the Confederate supply line by destroying sections of the Virginia and Tennessee . . . — Map (db m54615) HM
North Carolina (Transylvania County), Pisgah Forest — Allison-Deaver HouseA Case of Mistaken Identity
This was the home of William Deaver and his wife, Margaret Patton Deaver. It was the scene of a tragic shooting in February 1865, a consequence of the tumult that the Civil War created among North Carolinians. When the war began, a few . . . — Map (db m75478) HM
North Carolina (Tyrrell County), Creswell — Pettigrew Birthplace... and Last Resting Place
James Johnston Pettigrew was born here at Bonarva on July 4, 1828. His father, Ebenezer Pettigrew, operated several large plantations in Tyrell and Washington Counties. Johnston Pettigrew, as he was called, graduated in 1847 from the University of . . . — Map (db m76822) HM
North Carolina (Union County), Waxhaw — Wilson's Store ClashBlocking Sherman's Feint — Carolinas Campaign
(preface): he Carolinas Campaign began on February 1, 1865, when Union Gen. William T. Sherman led his army north from Savannah, Georgia, after the “March to the Sea.” Sherman’s objective was to join Gen. Ulysses S. Grant in . . . — Map (db m44648) HM
North Carolina (Vance County), Kittrell — Kittrell Confederate CemeteryHospital to Graveyard
Fifty-four Confederate soldiers from Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Virginia are buried here. They died at General Hospital Number One, Kittrell Springs in the former Kittrell Springs Hotel owned by Maj. Charles C. Blacknall and his . . . — Map (db m33813) HM
North Carolina (Wake County), Morrisville — Morrisville Engagement"Scattering them in every direction" — Carolinas Campaign
(preface) The Carolina Campaign began on February 1, 1865, when Union Gen. William T. Sherman led his army north from Savannah, Georgia, after the March to the Sea. Sherman’s objective was to join Gen. Ulysses S. Grant in Virginia to . . . — Map (db m77704) HM
North Carolina (Wake County), Raleigh — North CarolinaCivil War Trails
North Carolina’s Civil War stories are as diverse as its landscape. The Outer Banks and coastal rivers saw action early in the war, as Union forces occupied the region. Stories abound of naval battles, blockade running, Federal raids and the . . . — Map (db m63218) HM
North Carolina (Wake County), Raleigh — North Carolina State CapitolLast Signal Station — Carolinas Campaign
( Preface : ) The Carolinas Campaign began on February 1, 1865, when Union Gen. William T. Sherman led his army north from Savannah, Georgia, after the March to the Sea. Sherman’s objective was to join Gen. Ulysses S. Grant in Virginia . . . — Map (db m63150) HM
North Carolina (Wake County), Raleigh — Saint Mary’s SchoolUnion Camp and Confederate Refuge — Carolinas Campaign
Here in this oak grove on the front campus of Saint Mary’s School for girls, Union Gen. Oliver O. Howard, commanding Gen. William T. Sherman’s Right Wing, encamped in April 1865. The Federals coexisted with students and faculty for several weeks, . . . — Map (db m63152) HM
North Carolina (Washington County), Plymouth — Fort Compher BattlefieldThe Breakthrough
Atop the hill in front of you, on the left side of the field, stood Fort Compher (also called Fort Comfort), a key position for U.S. forces occupying Plymouth. The nine-sided fortifications was named for Capt. Alexander Compher of the 101st . . . — Map (db m76831) HM
North Carolina (Watauga County), Sugar Grove — Camp MastWatauga County Home Guard
In July 1863, Gov. Zebulon B. Vance created the Home Guard to protect communities and capture deserters, Unionists, and bushwhackers. The Guard was made up of men not liable for conscription because of age, health, and other reasons. Capt. Harvey . . . — Map (db m100748) HM
North Carolina (Wayne County), Goldsboro — Battle of Goldsboro BridgeEnd of Foster’s Raid — Foster’s Raid
(Preface): Late in 1862. Union Gen. John G. Foster’s garrison was well entrenched in New Bern and made several incursions into the countryside. On December 11, Foster led a raid from New Bern to burn the Wilmington and Weldon Railroad Bridge . . . — Map (db m28291) HM
North Carolina (Wayne County), Goldsboro — GoldsboroMajor Rail Center
During the Civil War, Goldsboro (then spelled Goldsborough) wa an important railroad junction and a vital link in the Confederate supply chain. Here the Atlantic and North Carolina Railroad, which ran from Morehead City to Raleigh, . . . — Map (db m64795) HM
North Carolina (Wayne County), Mount Olive — Mount OliveGarrard's Raid — Foster's Raid
(preface) Late in 1862, Union Gen. John G. Foster’s garrison was well entrenched in New Bern and made several incursions into the countryside. On December 11, Foster led a raid from New Bern to burn the Wilmington and Weldon Railroad Bridge . . . — Map (db m77311) HM
North Carolina (Wayne County), Seven Springs — Engagement at WhitehallA Sharp Action — Foster's Raid
(Preface): Late in 1862, Union Gen. John G. Foster's garrison was well entrenched in New Bern and made several incursions into the countryside. On December 11, Foster led a raid from New Bern to burn the Wilmington and Weldon Railroad Bridge . . . — Map (db m30540) HM
North Carolina (Wilkes County), Wilkesboro — Fort HambyDeserters and Desperados
The site of Fort Hamby is located about half a mile south of here. The two-story log house was not a military fortification. It got its name after 20 to 30 Union and Confederate deserters occupied it at the end of the war. Their leader, who gave his . . . — Map (db m55373) HM
North Carolina (Yadkin County), Hamptonville — Windsor's CrossroadsStoneman's Raiders Pass By — Stoneman's Raid
(Preface): On March 24, 1865, Union Gen. George Stoneman led 6,000 cavalrymen from Tennessee into southwestern Virginia and western North Carolina to disrupt the Confederate supply line by destroying sections of the Virginia and Tennessee . . . — Map (db m55343) HM
North Carolina (Yadkin County), Hunstville — Raiding HuntsvilleFeeding and Pillaging — Stoneman's Raid
[Preface]: On March 24, 1865, Union Gen. George Stoneman led 6,000 cavalrymen from Tennessee into southwestern Virginia and western North Carolina to disrupt the Confederate supply line by destroying sections of the Virginia and Tennessee . . . — Map (db m54678) HM
North Carolina (Yadkin County), Jonesville — JonesvilleThe Silver-Dollar Bell — Stoneman's Raid
(Preface): On March 24, 1865, Union Gen. George Stoneman led 6,000 cavalrymen from Tennessee into southwestern Virginia and western North Carolina to disrupt the Confederate supply line by destroying sections of the Virginia and Tennessee . . . — Map (db m56801) HM
North Carolina (Yadkin County), Richmond Hill — Richmond Hill"Though the Heavens Fall"
Richmond Hill was the home of North Carolina Supreme Court Chief Justice Richmond Mumford Pearson (1805-1878) and his family. Pearson conducted a law school from 1848 to 1878 in a small building located west of this house. Students lived in log . . . — Map (db m54600) HM
North Carolina (Yadkin County), Yadkinville — Bond SchoolhouseShootout in the Snow
On February 12, 1863, a cold, snowy day, an odd fellowship of sixteen men huddled in the little schoolhouse that stood behind Deep Creek Friends Meetinghouse. Several, including brothers Jesse and William Dobbins (the latter a fugitive from jail), . . . — Map (db m54672) HM
North Carolina (Yadkin County), Yadkinville — YadkinvilleConflicting Loyalties
Secession and war divided Yadkin County residents as well as other western North Carolians, and the neighbor and families quickly came to blows. Confederate conscription acts fostered resistance, the mountains sheltered deserters from both sides, . . . — Map (db m54673) HM
North Carolina (Yancey County), Burnsville — Burnsville"The county is gone up"
Burnsville exemplified western North Carolinians’ divided loyalties. Yancey County was evenly split on the secession issue. In January 1861, secession advocates in the town square burned an effigy of Cong. Zebulon B. Vance, who advised caution in . . . — Map (db m77455) HM

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